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TRAN (Bulgarian : Трън, meaning "thorn ") is a small town in Tran Municipality , Pernik Province , western Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. It is 27 kilometres from the town Breznik
Breznik
and 15 km from the border with Serbia .

The town was first mentioned in 1451 as Tran; its name was also rendered as Turun, Tuin, Turan, Taran throughout the 15th–16th centuries. Under the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
it belonged to the Sanjak of Niš .

One distinctive feature of the town is the specific Tran dialect of the Bulgarian language
Bulgarian language
spoken in Tran, which is part of the Transitional dialect group. The Erma River which flows from the town has formed a magnificent gorge known as Transko Zhdrelo. Tran holds the Bulgarian lowest temperature record at −38.3 °C
°C
(−36.94 °F ) registered in the winter of 1947.

CONTENTS

* 1 Climate * 2 Honour * 3 Notes * 4 See also

CLIMATE

The town has a humid continental climate with large temperature amplitudes, similar to that of Sofia
Sofia
. The lowest temperature in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
−38.3 °C
°C
(−36.9 °F) was recorded in Tran in January 1947. With temperatures frequently dropping to −20 °C
°C
(−4 °F) - −25 °C
°C
(−13 °F) through the winter, Tran can be considered one of the coldest towns in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
.

Climate data for Tran, Bulgaria, records 1926-2013 MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C
°C
(°F) 17.1 (62.8) 21.5 (70.7) 30.5 (86.9) 29.5 (85.1) 32 (90) 34 (93) 35 (95) 36.8 (98.2) 33 (91) 29 (84) 22 (72) 18.5 (65.3) 36.8 (98.2)

AVERAGE HIGH °C
°C
(°F) 3 (37) 6 (43) 10 (50) 17 (63) 22 (72) 25 (77) 27 (81) 27 (81) 24 (75) 18 (64) 12 (54) 5 (41) 16 (61)

DAILY MEAN °C
°C
(°F) −2 (28) 1 (34) 4 (39) 10 (50) 15 (59) 18 (64) 20 (68) 19 (66) 15 (59) 11 (52) 6 (43) 0 (32) 10 (50)

AVERAGE LOW °C
°C
(°F) −7 (19) −5 (23) −2 (28) 3 (37) 7 (45) 10 (50) 12 (54) 11 (52) 7 (45) 3 (37) 0 (32) −4 (25) 3 (37)

RECORD LOW °C
°C
(°F) −38.3 (−36.9) −31.4 (−24.5) −26.5 (−15.7) −9.2 (15.4) −4.5 (23.9) −1 (30) −0.8 (30.6) −0.4 (31.3) −7 (19) −10 (14) −20 (−4) −30.6 (−23.1) −38.3 (−36.9)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 41 (1.61) 38 (1.5) 37 (1.46) 50 (1.97) 73 (2.87) 84 (3.31) 55 (2.17) 43 (1.69) 43 (1.69) 51 (2.01) 51 (2.01) 47 (1.85) 613 (24.13)

Source: Stringmeteo.com

HONOUR

Tran Crag
Tran Crag
on Livingston Island
Livingston Island
in the South Shetland Islands , Antarctica
Antarctica
is named after Tran.

NOTES

* ^ Source: Official population table as of 15 March 2016. * ^ Чолева-Димитрова, Анна М. (2002). Селищни имена от Югозападна България: Изследване. Речник (in Bulgarian). София: Пенсофт. pp. 174–175. ISBN 954-642-168-5 . OCLC
OCLC
57603720 . * ^ Grlović, Milan (1877). Hrvatski svjetozor, Томови 1-2 (in Serbo-Croatian). p. 403. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Istog vilajeta sandžaka niškog kotare: Pirot, Vranja i Trn sa 170.594 stanovnika (133.748 nemuham. i 36.846 muhamed.) * ^ , Stringmeteo.com Retrieved March 20, 2012.

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to TRAN .

* Torlakian dialect

* v * t * e

Tran Municipality

Capital: TRAN

VILLAGES

* Bankya * Beraintsi * Bogoyna * Bohova * Busintsi * Butrointsi * Dalga Luka * Dokyovtsi * Dolna Melna * Dzhinchovtsi * Elovitsa * Erul * Ezdimirtsi * Filipovtsi * Glavanovtsi * Glogovica * Gorna Melna * Gorochevtsi * Kashle * Kozhintsi * Kosturintsi * Leshnikovtsi * Leva Reka * Lomnitsa * Lyalintsi * Milkyovtsi * Miloslavtsi * Mraketintsi * Mramor * Nasalevtsi * Nedelkovo * Paramun * Penkyovtsi * Prodancha * Radovo * Rani Lug * Reyanovtsi * Shipkovitsa * Slishovtsi * Staychovtsi * Strezimirovtsi
Strezimirovtsi
* Studen Izvor * TRAN * Tsegrilovtsi * Turokovtsi * Velinovo * Vidrar * Vrabcha * Vukan * Yarlovtsi * Zabel * Zelenigrad

LANDMARKS

* Tran ravine

CULTURE

* Torlakian dialect * St. Petka Rock Chapel

NOTABLE PEOPLE

*

* v * t * e

Cities and towns of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(2011 census)

1,000,000+

* Sofia
Sofia
(capital )

300,000+

* Plovdiv
Plovdiv
* Varna
Varna

200,000+

* Burgas
Burgas

100,000+

* Pleven
Pleven
* Ruse * Stara Zagora
Stara Zagora

50,000+

* Asenovgrad
Asenovgrad
* Blagoevgrad
Blagoevgrad
* Dobrich
Dobrich
* Gabrovo
Gabrovo
* Haskovo * Pazardzhik * Pernik
Pernik
* Shumen * Sliven
Sliven
* Veliko Tarnovo
Veliko Tarnovo
* Vratsa * Yambol

20,000+

* Aytos * Botevgrad * Dimitrovgrad * Dupnitsa * Gorna Oryahovitsa * Kardzhali * Karlovo * Kazanlak
Kazanlak
* Kyustendil
Kyustendil
* Lom * Lovech
Lovech
* Montana * Nova Zagora * Petrich * Razgrad * Samokov
Samokov
* Sandanski * Sevlievo * Silistra
Silistra
* Smolyan * Svishtov
Svishtov
* Targovishte * Troyan * Velingrad * Vidin
Vidin

10,000+

* Balchik * Bankya * Berkovitsa
Berkovitsa
* Byala Slatina * Cherven Bryag * Chirpan * Elhovo * Etropole * Gotse Delchev * Harmanli * Ihtiman * Karnobat * Kavarna * Knezha * Kostinbrod * Kozloduy * Mezdra * Nesebar
Nesebar
* Novi Iskar
Novi Iskar
* Novi Pazar * Panagyurishte * Parvomay * Pavlikeni * Peshtera * Pomorie * Popovo * Provadia * Radnevo * Radomir * Rakovski * Razlog * Stamboliyski * Svilengrad

5,000+

* Aksakovo * Bansko * Belene
Belene
* Belogradchik * Beloslav * Bobov Dol * Bozhurishte * Byala, Ruse Province * Chepelare * Devin * Devnya
Devnya
* Dolni Chiflik * Dryanovo
Dryanovo
* Dulovo * Elena * Elin Pelin * Galabovo * General Toshevo * Hisarya * Isperih * Kostenets * Kotel * Krichim
Krichim
* Krumovgrad * Kubrat * Kuklen * Levski * Lukovit
Lukovit
* Lyaskovets * Lyubimets * Madan * Momchilgrad * Omurtag * Oryahovo * Perushtitsa * Pirdop * Rakitovo * Saedinenie * Septemvri * Simeonovgrad * Simitli * Slivnitsa * Sopot, Plovdiv
Plovdiv
Province * Sredets
Sredets
* Straldzha * Svoge * Tervel * Teteven
Teteven
* Topolovgrad * Tryavna * Tsarevo * Tutrakan
Tutrakan
* Tvarditsa * Varshets
Varshets
* Veliki Preslav * Yakoruda * Zlatitsa * Zlatograd
Zlatograd

2,000+

* Aheloy * Apriltsi * Ardino * Batak * Batanovtsi * Belitsa
Belitsa
* Belovo * Borovo * Bratsigovo * Bregovo * Breznik
Breznik
* Byala * Chernomorets * Dalgopol * Debelets * Dobrinishte * Dolna Banya
Dolna Banya
* Dolna Mitropoliya * Dolna Oryahovitsa * Dolni Dabnik * Dospat * Dragoman * Dunavtsi * Dve Mogili * Dzhebel * Glodzhevo * Godech * Gulyantsi * Gurkovo * Hadzhidimovo * Ignatievo
Ignatievo
* * Iskar * Ivaylovgrad * Kableshkovo * Kalofer * Kameno * Kaspichan * Kilifarevo * Klisura * Kocherinovo * Koprivshtitsa * Kostandovo * Koynare * Kresna * Kran * Krivodol * Kula * Laki * Letnitsa * Loznitsa
Loznitsa
* Maglizh
Maglizh
* Malko Tarnovo * Marten * Мizia * Nedelino * Nikolaevo * Nikopol * Obzor * Opaka * Pavel Banya
Pavel Banya
* Polski Trambesh * Pordim * Pravets * Primorsko * Rila * Roman * Rudozem
Rudozem
* Sadovo
Sadovo
* Sapareva Banya * Sarnitsa * Shabla * Shivachevo * Slavyanovo * Slivo Pole * Smyadovo * Sozopol
Sozopol
* Strazhitsa * Strelcha
Strelcha
* Sungurlare * Suvorovo * Sveti Vlas * Tran * Trastenik * Tsar Kaloyan * Ugarchin
Ugarchin
* Valchedram * Valchi Dol * Varbitsa * Vetovo * Vetren * Yablanitsa
Yablanitsa
* Zavet * Zlataritsa

1,000+

* Ahtopol
Ahtopol
* Alfatar * Antonovo * Balgarovo * Boboshevo * Bolyarovo * Boychinovtsi * Brusartsi
Brusartsi
* Byala Cherkva * Chiprovtsi * Dimovo * Glavinitsa
Glavinitsa
* Gramada * Kaolinovo * Kermen
Kermen
* Merichleri * Momin Prohod * Plachkovtsi * Senovo * Shipka * Suhindol * Zemen

500+

* Kiten * Madzharovo
Madzharovo
* Pliska
Pliska

499-

* Melnik

NOTES

* city status after the census of 01.02.2011: Ignatievo, Kran

Coordinates : 42°50′N 22°39′E / 42.833°N 22.650°E / 42.833; 22.650

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Bulgaria
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