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TRAN (Bulgarian : Трън, meaning "thorn ") is a small town in Tran Municipality , Pernik Province
Pernik Province
, western Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. It is 27 kilometres from the town Breznik and 15 km from the border with Serbia .

The town was first mentioned in 1451 as Tran; its name was also rendered as Turun, Tuin, Turan, Taran throughout the 15th–16th centuries. Under the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
it belonged to the Sanjak of Niš .

One distinctive feature of the town is the specific Tran dialect of the Bulgarian language spoken in Tran, which is part of the Transitional dialect group. The Erma River which flows from the town has formed a magnificent gorge known as Transko Zhdrelo. Tran holds the Bulgarian lowest temperature record at −38.3 °C
°C
(−36.94 °F
°F
) registered in the winter of 1947.

CONTENTS

* 1 Climate * 2 Honour * 3 Notes * 4 See also

CLIMATE

The town has a humid continental climate with large temperature amplitudes, similar to that of Sofia
Sofia
. The lowest temperature in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
−38.3 °C
°C
(−36.9 °F) was recorded in Tran in January 1947. With temperatures frequently dropping to −20 °C
°C
(−4 °F) - −25 °C
°C
(−13 °F) through the winter, Tran can be considered one of the coldest towns in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
.

Climate data for Tran, Bulgaria, records 1926-2013 MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C
°C
(°F) 17.1 (62.8) 21.5 (70.7) 30.5 (86.9) 29.5 (85.1) 32 (90) 34 (93) 35 (95) 36.8 (98.2) 33 (91) 29 (84) 22 (72) 18.5 (65.3) 36.8 (98.2)

AVERAGE HIGH °C
°C
(°F) 3 (37) 6 (43) 10 (50) 17 (63) 22 (72) 25 (77) 27 (81) 27 (81) 24 (75) 18 (64) 12 (54) 5 (41) 16 (61)

DAILY MEAN °C
°C
(°F) −2 (28) 1 (34) 4 (39) 10 (50) 15 (59) 18 (64) 20 (68) 19 (66) 15 (59) 11 (52) 6 (43) 0 (32) 10 (50)

AVERAGE LOW °C
°C
(°F) −7 (19) −5 (23) −2 (28) 3 (37) 7 (45) 10 (50) 12 (54) 11 (52) 7 (45) 3 (37) 0 (32) −4 (25) 3 (37)

RECORD LOW °C
°C
(°F) −38.3 (−36.9) −31.4 (−24.5) −26.5 (−15.7) −9.2 (15.4) −4.5 (23.9) −1 (30) −0.8 (30.6) −0.4 (31.3) −7 (19) −10 (14) −20 (−4) −30.6 (−23.1) −38.3 (−36.9)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 41 (1.61) 38 (1.5) 37 (1.46) 50 (1.97) 73 (2.87) 84 (3.31) 55 (2.17) 43 (1.69) 43 (1.69) 51 (2.01) 51 (2.01) 47 (1.85) 613 (24.13)

Source: Stringmeteo.com

HONOUR

Tran Crag on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands , Antarctica
Antarctica
is named after Tran.

NOTES

* ^ Source: Official population table as of 15 March 2016. * ^ Чолева-Димитрова, Анна М. (2002). Селищни имена от Югозападна България: Изследване. Речник (in Bulgarian). София: Пенсофт. pp. 174–175. ISBN 954-642-168-5 . OCLC 57603720 . * ^ Grlović, Milan (1877). Hrvatski svjetozor, Томови 1-2 (in Serbo-Croatian). p. 403. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Istog vilajeta sandžaka niškog kotare: Pirot, Vranja i Trn sa 170.594 stanovnika (133.748 nemuham. i 36.846 muhamed.) * ^ , Stringmeteo.com Retrieved March 20, 2012.

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to TRAN .

* Torlakian dialect
Torlakian dialect

* v * t * e

Tran Municipality

Capital: TRAN

VILLAGES

* Bankya
Bankya
* Beraintsi * Bogoyna * Bohova * Busintsi * Butrointsi * Dalga Luka * Dokyovtsi * Dolna Melna * Dzhinchovtsi * Elovitsa * Erul * Ezdimirtsi * Filipovtsi * Glavanovtsi * Glogovica * Gorna Melna * Gorochevtsi * Kashle * Kozhintsi * Kosturintsi * Leshnikovtsi * Leva Reka * Lomnitsa * Lyalintsi * Milkyovtsi * Miloslavtsi * Mraketintsi * Mramor * Nasalevtsi * Nedelkovo * Paramun * Penkyovtsi * Prodancha * Radovo * Rani Lug * Reyanovtsi * Shipkovitsa * Slishovtsi * Staychovtsi * Strezimirovtsi * Studen Izvor * TRAN * Tsegrilovtsi * Turokovtsi * Velinovo * Vidrar * Vrabcha * Vukan * Yarlovtsi * Zabel * Zelenigrad

LANDMARKS

* Tran ravine

CULTURE

* Torlakian dialect
Torlakian dialect
* St. Petka Rock Chapel

NOTABLE PEOPLE

*

* v * t * e

Cities and towns of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(2011 census)

1,000,000+

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Sofia
(capital )

300,000+

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Plovdiv
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Varna

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Burgas

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Pleven
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Stara Zagora

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Haskovo
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Pernik
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Shumen
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Veliko Tarnovo
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Vratsa
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Botevgrad
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Dupnitsa
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Karlovo
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Kyustendil
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Lovech
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Nova Zagora
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Samokov
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Sandanski
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Sevlievo
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Silistra
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Smolyan
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Svishtov
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Troyan
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Vidin

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Bankya
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Kavarna
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Knezha
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Kostinbrod
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Mezdra
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Panagyurishte
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Peshtera
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Stamboliyski
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Svilengrad

5,000+

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Chepelare
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Dryanovo
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Simitli
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Plovdiv
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Sredets
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Svoge
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Teteven
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Tryavna
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Tutrakan
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Varshets
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Zlatitsa
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Zlatograd

2,000+

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Aheloy
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Bratsigovo
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Dolna Banya
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Kalofer
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Pravets
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Primorsko
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Sadovo
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Slivo Pole
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Sozopol
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Strelcha
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Sveti Vlas
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Valchedram
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Boboshevo
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Chiprovtsi
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Plachkovtsi
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Zemen

500+

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Madzharovo
* Pliska
Pliska

499-

* Melnik

NOTES

* city status after the census of 01.02.2011: Ignatievo, Kran

Coordinates : 42°50′N 22°39′E / 42.833°N 22.650°E / 42.833; 22.650

This Pernik Province
Pernik Province
, Bulgaria
Bulgaria
location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

* v * t * e

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Bulgaria
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