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Tran (Bulgarian: Трън, meaning "thorn") is a small town in Tran Municipality, Pernik
Pernik
Province, western Bulgaria. It is 27 kilometres from the town Breznik
Breznik
and 15 km from the border with Serbia. The town was first mentioned in 1451 as Tran; its name was also rendered as Turun, Tuin, Turan, Taran throughout the 15th–16th centuries.[2] One distinctive feature of the town is the specific Tran dialect of the Bulgarian language
Bulgarian language
spoken in Tran, which is part of the Transitional dialect group. The Erma River which flows from the town has formed a magnificent gorge known as Transko Zhdrelo. Tran holds the Bulgarian lowest temperature record at −38.3 °C
°C
(−36.94°F) registered in the winter of 1947.

Contents

1 Climate 2 Honour 3 Notes 4 See also

Climate[edit] The town has a humid continental climate with large temperature amplitudes, similar to that of Sofia. The lowest temperature in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
−38.3  °C
°C
(−36.9 °F) was recorded in Tran in January 1947. With temperatures frequently dropping to −20 °C (−4 °F) - −25  °C
°C
(−13 °F) through the winter, Tran can be considered one of the coldest towns in Bulgaria.

Climate data for Tran, Bulgaria, records 1926-2013

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C
°C
(°F) 17.1 (62.8) 21.5 (70.7) 30.5 (86.9) 29.5 (85.1) 32 (90) 34 (93) 35 (95) 36.8 (98.2) 33 (91) 29 (84) 22 (72) 18.5 (65.3) 36.8 (98.2)

Average high °C
°C
(°F) 3 (37) 6 (43) 10 (50) 17 (63) 22 (72) 25 (77) 27 (81) 27 (81) 24 (75) 18 (64) 12 (54) 5 (41) 16 (61)

Daily mean °C
°C
(°F) −2 (28) 1 (34) 4 (39) 10 (50) 15 (59) 18 (64) 20 (68) 19 (66) 15 (59) 11 (52) 6 (43) 0 (32) 10 (50)

Average low °C
°C
(°F) −7 (19) −5 (23) −2 (28) 3 (37) 7 (45) 10 (50) 12 (54) 11 (52) 7 (45) 3 (37) 0 (32) −4 (25) 3 (37)

Record low °C
°C
(°F) −38.3 (−36.9) −31.4 (−24.5) −26.5 (−15.7) −9.2 (15.4) −4.5 (23.9) −1 (30) −0.8 (30.6) −0.4 (31.3) −7 (19) −10 (14) −20 (−4) −30.6 (−23.1) −38.3 (−36.9)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 41 (1.61) 38 (1.5) 37 (1.46) 50 (1.97) 73 (2.87) 84 (3.31) 55 (2.17) 43 (1.69) 43 (1.69) 51 (2.01) 51 (2.01) 47 (1.85) 613 (24.13)

Source: Stringmeteo.com[3]

Honour[edit] Tran Crag
Tran Crag
on Livingston Island
Livingston Island
in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica
Antarctica
is named after Tran. Notes[edit]

^ Source: Official population table as of 15 March 2016. ^ Чолева-Димитрова, Анна М. (2002). Селищни имена от Югозападна България: Изследване. Речник (in Bulgarian). София: Пенсофт. pp. 174–175. ISBN 954-642-168-5. OCLC 57603720.  ^ [1], Stringmeteo.com Retrieved March 20, 2012.

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tran.

Torlakian dialect

v t e

Tran Municipality

Capital: Tran

Villages

Bankya Beraintsi Bogoyna Bohova Busintsi Butrointsi Dalga Luka Dokyovtsi Dolna Melna Dzhinchovtsi Elovitsa Erul Ezdimirtsi Filipovtsi Glavanovtsi Glogovica Gorna Melna Gorochevtsi Kashle Kozhintsi Kosturintsi Leshnikovtsi Leva Reka Lomnitsa Lyalintsi Milkyovtsi Miloslavtsi Mraketintsi Mramor Nasalevtsi Nedelkovo Paramun Penkyovtsi Prodancha Radovo Rani Lug Reyanovtsi Shipkovitsa Slishovtsi Staychovtsi Strezimirovtsi Studen Izvor Tran Tsegrilovtsi Turokovtsi Velinovo Vidrar Vrabcha Vukan Yarlovtsi Zabel Zelenigrad

Landmarks

Tran ravine

Culture

Torlakian dialect St. Petka Rock Chapel

Notable people

v t e

Cities and towns of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(2011 census)

1,000,000+

Sofia
Sofia
(capital)

300,000+

Plovdiv Varna

200,000+

Burgas

100,000+

Pleven Ruse Stara Zagora

50,000+

Asenovgrad Blagoevgrad Dobrich Gabrovo Haskovo Pazardzhik Pernik Shumen Sliven Veliko Tarnovo Vratsa Yambol

20,000+

Aytos Botevgrad Dimitrovgrad Dupnitsa Gorna Oryahovitsa Kardzhali Karlovo Kazanlak Kyustendil Lom Lovech Montana Nova Zagora Petrich Razgrad Samokov Sandanski Sevlievo Silistra Smolyan Svishtov Targovishte Troyan Velingrad Vidin

10,000+

Balchik Bankya Berkovitsa Byala Slatina Cherven Bryag Chirpan Elhovo Etropole Gotse Delchev Harmanli Ihtiman Karnobat Kavarna Knezha Kostinbrod Kozloduy Mezdra Nesebar Novi Iskar Novi Pazar Panagyurishte Parvomay Pavlikeni Peshtera Pomorie Popovo Provadia Radnevo Radomir Rakovski Razlog Stamboliyski Svilengrad

5,000+

Aksakovo Bansko Belene Belogradchik Beloslav Bobov Dol Bozhurishte Byala, Ruse Province Chepelare Devin Devnya Dolni Chiflik Dryanovo Dulovo Elena Elin Pelin Galabovo General Toshevo Hisarya Isperih Kostenets Kotel Krichim Krumovgrad Kubrat Kuklen Levski Lukovit Lyaskovets Lyubimets Madan Momchilgrad Omurtag Oryahovo Perushtitsa Pirdop Rakitovo Saedinenie Septemvri Simeonovgrad Simitli Slivnitsa Sopot, Plovdiv
Plovdiv
Province Sredets Straldzha Svoge Tervel Teteven Topolovgrad Tryavna Tsarevo Tutrakan Tvarditsa Varshets Veliki Preslav Yakoruda Zlatitsa Zlatograd

2,000+

Aheloy Apriltsi Ardino Batak Batanovtsi Belitsa Belovo Borovo Bratsigovo Bregovo Breznik Byala Chernomorets Dalgopol Debelets Dobrinishte Dolna Banya Dolna Mitropoliya Dolna Oryahovitsa Dolni Dabnik Dospat Dragoman Dunavtsi Dve Mogili Dzhebel Glodzhevo Godech Gulyantsi Gurkovo Hadzhidimovo Ignatievo* Iskar Ivaylovgrad Kableshkovo Kalofer Kameno Kaspichan Kilifarevo Klisura Kocherinovo Koprivshtitsa Kostandovo Koynare Kresna Kran Krivodol Kula Laki Letnitsa Loznitsa Maglizh Malko Tarnovo Marten Мizia Nedelino Nikolaevo Nikopol Obzor Opaka Pavel Banya Polski Trambesh Pordim Pravets Primorsko Rila Roman Rudozem Sadovo Sapareva Banya Sarnitsa Shabla Shivachevo Slavyanovo Slivo Pole Smyadovo Sozopol Strazhitsa Strelcha Sungurlare Suvorovo Sveti Vlas Tran Trastenik Tsar Kaloyan Ugarchin Valchedram Valchi Dol Varbitsa Vetovo Vetren Yablanitsa Zavet Zlataritsa

1,000+

Ahtopol Alfatar Antonovo Balgarovo Boboshevo Bolyarovo Boychinovtsi Brusartsi Byala Cherkva Chiprovtsi Dimovo Glavinitsa Gramada Kaolinovo Kermen Merichleri Momin Prohod Plachkovtsi Senovo Shipka Suhindol Zemen

500+

Kiten Madzharovo Pliska

499-

Melnik

Notes

city status after the census of 01.02.2011: Ignatievo, Kran

Coordinates: 42°50′N 22°39′E / 42.833°N 22.650°E / 42.833; 22.650

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Pernik
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Bulgaria
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