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Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Corporation
(Japanese: トヨタ自動車株式会社, Hepburn: Toyota
Toyota
Jidōsha KK, IPA: [toꜜjota], English: /tɔɪˈoʊtə/) is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan. In 2017, Toyota's corporate structure consisted of 364,445 employees worldwide[4] and, as of October 2016[update], was the fifth-largest company in the world by revenue. As of 2016, Toyota
Toyota
is the world's largest automotive manufacturer. Toyota
Toyota
was the world's first automobile manufacturer to produce more than 10 million vehicles per year which it has done since 2012, when it also reported the production of its 200-millionth vehicle.[6] As of July 2014[update], Toyota
Toyota
was the largest listed company in Japan
Japan
by market capitalization (worth more than twice as much as #2-ranked SoftBank)[7] and by revenue.[8][9] Toyota
Toyota
is the world's market leader in sales of hybrid electric vehicles, and one of the largest companies to encourage the mass-market adoption of hybrid vehicles across the globe. Cumulative global sales of Toyota
Toyota
and Lexus
Lexus
hybrid passenger car models achieved the 10 million milestone in January 2017. Its Prius family
Prius family
is the world's top selling hybrid nameplate with over 6 million units sold worldwide as of January 2017[update].[10] The company was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda
Kiichiro Toyoda
in 1937, as a spinoff from his father's company Toyota Industries
Toyota Industries
to create automobiles. Three years earlier, in 1934, while still a department of Toyota
Toyota
Industries, it created its first product, the Type A engine, and its first passenger car in 1936, the Toyota
Toyota
AA. Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation produces vehicles under five brands, including the Toyota
Toyota
brand, Hino, Lexus, Ranz, and Daihatsu. It also holds a 16.66% stake in Subaru Corporation, a 5.9% stake in Isuzu, as well as joint-ventures with two in China ( GAC Toyota
GAC Toyota
and Sichuan
Sichuan
FAW Toyota
Toyota
Motor), one in India ( Toyota
Toyota
Kirloskar), one in the Czech Republic (TPCA), along with several "nonautomotive" companies.[11] TMC is part of the Toyota Group, one of the largest conglomerates in Japan.

Contents

1 Corporate governance

1.1 Global ranking

2 History

2.1 1920s–1930s 2.2 1940s–1950s 2.3 1960s–1970s 2.4 1980s 2.5 1990s 2.6 2000s 2.7 2010s

3 Recalls

3.1 2009 3.2 2012 3.3 2014

4 Logo and branding

4.1 Japan 4.2 Toyota
Toyota
slogans

4.2.1 Australia 4.2.2 Bangladesh 4.2.3 Europe 4.2.4 India 4.2.5 Indonesia 4.2.6 Japan 4.2.7 Malaysia 4.2.8 Philippines 4.2.9 Singapore 4.2.10 South Africa 4.2.11 South Korea 4.2.12 Thailand 4.2.13 United States

4.3 Sports

5 Company strategy

5.1 Operations 5.2 Worldwide presence

5.2.1 North America 5.2.2 Europe 5.2.3 Australia

6 Product line

6.1 Electric technology

6.1.1 Hybrid electric vehicles 6.1.2 Plug-in hybrids 6.1.3 All-electric vehicles 6.1.4 Hydrogen fuel-cell

6.2 Cars

6.2.1 SUVs and crossovers 6.2.2 Pickup trucks 6.2.3 Luxury-type vehicles

6.3 Buses 6.4 Pleasure boats

7 Motorsports

7.1 TRD

8 Nonautomotive activities

8.1 Aerospace 8.2 Philanthropy 8.3 Higher education 8.4 Robotics 8.5 Agricultural biotechnology 8.6 Sewing machine technology

9 Environmental record 10 Production and sales numbers 11 Labor problems

11.1 Death from overwork 11.2 June 2010 Chinese labour strike

12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

Corporate governance[edit]

Principal headquarters building of Toyota

Toyota
Toyota
is headquartered in Toyota
Toyota
City, Aichi.[12] The main headquarters of Toyota
Toyota
is located in a 4-storey building in Toyota. As of 2006, the head office has the "Toyopet" Toyota
Toyota
logo and the words " Toyota
Toyota
Motor". The Toyota
Toyota
Technical Center, a 14-story building, and the Honsha plant, Toyota's second plant engaging in mass production and formerly named the Koromo plant, are adjacent to one another in a location near the headquarters. Vinod Jacob from The Hindu
The Hindu
described the main headquarters building as "modest".[13] In 2013, company head Akio Toyoda
Akio Toyoda
reported that it had difficulties retaining foreign employees at the headquarters due to the lack of amenities in the city.[14] Its Tokyo office is located in Bunkyo, Tokyo. Its Nagoya
Nagoya
office is located in Nakamura-ku, Nagoya.[12] In addition to manufacturing automobiles, Toyota
Toyota
provides financial services through its Toyota Financial Services division, and also builds robots.

Akio Toyoda, CEO of Toyota, at the annual results press conference, May 11, 2011

Toyota's global network: Red – Japan Green – Official dealership(s) present. Blue – Localized manufacturing plant(s) Cyan – Regional headquarters (HQ) Dark Blue – Regional headquarters (HQ) and localized manufacturing plants

Typical breakdown of sales by region

Presidents of Toyota
Toyota
Motor Company:

Rizaburo Toyoda
Rizaburo Toyoda
(1937–1941) Kiichiro Toyoda
Kiichiro Toyoda
(1941–1950) Taizo Ishida (1950–1961) Fukio Nakagawa (1961–1967) Eiji Toyoda (1967–1981)

In 1981, Toyota
Toyota
Motor Co., Ltd. announced plans to merge with its sales entity Toyota
Toyota
Motor Sales Co., Ltd. Since 1950, the two entities had existed as separate companies as a prerequisite for reconstruction in postwar Japan. Shoichiro Toyoda
Shoichiro Toyoda
presided over Toyota
Toyota
Motor Sales in preparation for the consummation of the merger that occurred in 1982. Shoichiro then succeeded his uncle Eiji as the President of the combined organization that then became known as Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation. Presidents of Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation:

Eiji Toyoda (1981) Shoichiro Toyoda
Shoichiro Toyoda
(1982–1992)[15] Tatsuro Toyoda (1992–1995)[15] Hiroshi Okuda
Hiroshi Okuda
(1995–1999) Fujio Cho (1999–2005) Katsuaki Watanabe (2005–2009) Akio Toyoda
Akio Toyoda
(2009–present)

Chairmen of Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation:

Shoichiro Toyoda
Shoichiro Toyoda
(1992–1999) Hiroshi Okuda
Hiroshi Okuda
(1999–2006) Fujio Cho (2006–2013) Takeshi Uchiyamada
Takeshi Uchiyamada
(2013–present)

On June 14, 2013, Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation. announced the appointment of external board members; this was a first for the corporation and occurred following approval from general shareholders at a meeting on the same day. Additionally, Vice Chairman
Chairman
Takeshi Uchiyamada
Takeshi Uchiyamada
replaced Fujio Cho as chairman, as the latter became an honorary chairman while Toyoda remains in the post of President.[16] Toyota
Toyota
is publicly traded on the Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Fukuoka, and Sapporo exchanges under company code TYO: 7203. In addition, Toyota
Toyota
is foreign-listed on the New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
under NYSE: TM and on the London Stock Exchange
London Stock Exchange
under LSE: TYT. Toyota
Toyota
has been publicly traded in Japan
Japan
since 1949 and internationally since 1999.[17] As reported on its consolidated financial statements, Toyota
Toyota
has 540 consolidated subsidiaries and 226 affiliates.

Toyota Motor North America
Toyota Motor North America
(100% – 2004) Toyota Canada Inc.
Toyota Canada Inc.
(51% – 2013) Toyota Tsusho
Toyota Tsusho
– Trading company for the Toyota
Toyota
Group Daihatsu
Daihatsu
Motor Company (100%) Hino Motors
Hino Motors
(50.1% – 2001) Lexus
Lexus
100% (1989) Scion 100% (2003) DENSO
DENSO
(24.74% – September 30, 2006) Toyota Industries
Toyota Industries
(23.51% – March 31, 2006) Aisin Seiki Co.
Aisin Seiki Co.
(23.0% – September 30, 2006) Subaru Corporation
Subaru Corporation
(16.66% – June 28, 2008) Isuzu
Isuzu
Motors (5.9% – November 10, 2006) PT Toyota-Astra Motor (49% – 2003) Noble Automotive
Noble Automotive
(23% – 2014) PT Toyota
Toyota
Motor Manufacturing Indonesia[18] (95% – 2003)

Global ranking[edit] Toyota, which earlier was the world's third largest automotive manufacturer behind American General Motors
General Motors
and Ford, produced for first time in history more vehicles than Ford
Ford
in 2005, and in 2006 even more than General Motors
General Motors
and has been the world's largest automotive manufacturer since then, except in 2011 when it, triggered by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, fell to the #3 position behind General Motors
General Motors
and German Volkswagen Group. History[edit] Main article: History of Toyota 1920s–1930s[edit] In 1924, Sakichi Toyoda
Sakichi Toyoda
invented the Toyoda Model G Automatic Loom. The principle of jidoka, which means the machine stops itself when a problem occurs, became later a part of the Toyota
Toyota
Production System. Looms were built on a small production line. In 1929, the patent for the automatic loom was sold to the British company Platt Brothers[19], generating the starting capital for the automobile development.[20]

Mass production of Toyoda automated loom, displayed at the Toyota Museum in Nagakute-cho, Aichi-gun, Aichi
Aichi
Pref. Japan

The production of Toyota
Toyota
automobiles was started in 1933 as a division of Toyoda Automatic Loom
Loom
Works devoted to the production of automobiles under the direction of the founder's son, Kiichiro Toyoda.[21] Its first vehicles were the A1 passenger car and the G1 in 1935. The Toyota
Toyota
Motor Co. was established as an independent company in 1937

Toyoda Standard Sedan AA 1936

Vehicles were originally sold under the name "Toyoda" (トヨダ), from the family name of the company's founder, Kiichirō Toyoda. In April 1936, Toyoda's first passenger car, the Model AA, was completed. The sales price was 3,350 yen, 400 yen cheaper than Ford
Ford
or GM cars.[22]

House of Toyota
Toyota
founder Kiichiro Toyoda, near Toyota
Toyota
City[23]

In September 1936, the company ran a public competition to design a new logo. Of 27,000 entries, the winning entry was the three Japanese katakana letters for "Toyoda" in a circle. But Rizaburo Toyoda, who had married into the family and was not born with that name, preferred "Toyota" (トヨタ) because it took eight brush strokes (a lucky number) to write in Japanese, was visually simpler (leaving off the diacritic at the end), and with a voiceless consonant instead of a voiced one (voiced consonants are considered to have a "murky" or "muddy" sound compared to voiceless consonants, which are "clear").

Inside the house of Toyota
Toyota
founder Kiichiro Toyoda, near Toyota
Toyota
City

Since toyoda literally means "fertile rice paddies", changing the name also prevented the company from being associated with old-fashioned farming. The newly formed word was trademarked and the company was registered in August 1937 as the Toyota
Toyota
Motor Company.[24][25][26]

The Supra JZA80 has now become an automobile icon the world over. Rivaling Nissan's Skyline GT-R.

The MR2 SW20, a mid-engine sports car from the 1990s.

First-generation Toyopet
Toyopet
Crown Model RSD (1955/1 – 1958/10)

Toyota
Toyota
at the Rally Dakar, 1992

1940s–1950s[edit] From September 1947, Toyota's small-sized vehicles were sold under the name "Toyopet" (トヨペット).[27] The first vehicle sold under this name was the Toyopet
Toyopet
SA,[28] but it also included vehicles such as the Toyopet
Toyopet
SB light truck, Toyopet
Toyopet
Stout light truck,[29] Toyopet Crown, Toyopet
Toyopet
Master, and the Toyopet
Toyopet
Corona. The word "Toyopet (Japanese article)" was a nickname given to the Toyota SA
Toyota SA
due to its small size, as the result of a naming contest the Toyota
Toyota
Company organized in 1947. However, when Toyota
Toyota
eventually entered the American market in 1957 with the Crown, the name was not well received due to connotations of toys and pets.[30] The name was soon dropped for the American market, but continued in other markets until the mid-1960s. 1960s–1970s[edit] By the early 1960s, the US had begun placing stiff import tariffs on certain vehicles. The so-called "chicken tax" of 1964 placed a 25% tax on imported light trucks.[31] In response to the tariff, Toyota, Nissan Motor Co. and Honda
Honda
Motor Co. began building plants in the US by the early 1980s.[31] 1980s[edit]

With over 40 million sold, the Corolla is one of the most popular and best selling cars in the world.

Toyota
Toyota
received its first Japanese Quality Control Award at the start of the 1980s and began participating in a wide variety of motorsports. Due to the 1973 oil crisis, consumers in the lucrative US market began turning to small cars with better fuel economy. American car manufacturers had considered small economy cars to be an entry-level product, and their small vehicles employed a low level of quality to keep the price low. Conservative Toyota
Toyota
held on to rear-wheel-drive designs for longer than most; while a clear first in overall production they were only third in production of front-wheel-drive cars in 1983, behind Nissan and Honda. In part due to this, Nissan's Sunny managed to squeeze by the Corolla in numbers built that year.[32] In 1982, the Toyota
Toyota
Motor Company and Toyota
Toyota
Motor Sales merged into one company, the Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation. Two years later, Toyota entered into a joint venture with General Motors
General Motors
called the New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc, NUMMI, operating an automobile-manufacturing plant in Fremont, California. The factory was an old General Motors plant that had been closed for two years. Toyota
Toyota
then started to establish new brands at the end of the 1980s, with the launch of their luxury division Lexus
Lexus
in 1989. 1990s[edit] In the 1990s, Toyota
Toyota
began to branch out from producing mostly compact cars by adding many larger and more luxurious vehicles to its lineup, including a full-sized pickup, the T100 (and later the Tundra), several lines of SUVs, a sport version of the Camry, known as the Camry Solara. They would also launch newer and arguably more iconic iterations of their sports cars, namely the MR2, Celica, and Supra during this era, all of which have already become icons of the 1990s. With a major presence in Europe, due to the success of Toyota
Toyota
Team Europe, the corporation decided to set up Toyota
Toyota
Motor Europe Marketing and Engineering, TMME, to help market vehicles in the continent. Two years later, Toyota
Toyota
set up a base in the United Kingdom, TMUK, as the company's cars had become very popular among British drivers. Bases in Indiana, Virginia, and Tianjin
Tianjin
were also set up. In 1999, the company decided to list itself on the New York and London Stock Exchanges. 2000s[edit] In 2001, Toyota's Toyo Trust and Banking
Banking
merged with two other banks to form UFJ Bank, which was accused of corruption by Japan's government for making bad loans to alleged Yakuza
Yakuza
crime syndicates with executives accused of blocking Financial Service Agency inspections.[33] The UFJ was listed among Fortune Magazine's largest money-losing corporations in the world, with Toyota's chairman serving as a director.[34] At the time, the UFJ was one of the largest shareholders of Toyota. As a result of Japan's banking crisis, UFJ merged with the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi to become the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group. In 2002, Toyota
Toyota
managed to enter a Formula One
Formula One
works team and establish joint ventures with French motoring companies Citroën
Citroën
and Peugeot
Peugeot
a year after Toyota
Toyota
started producing cars in France. A youth-oriented marque for North America, Scion, was introduced in 2003. Toyota
Toyota
ranked eighth on Forbes 2000 list of the world's leading companies for the year 2005[35] but slid to 55 for 2011.[36] The company was number one in global automobile sales for the first quarter of 2008.[37] In 2007, Toyota
Toyota
released an update of its full-sized truck, the Tundra, produced in two American factories, one in Texas and one in Indiana. Motor Trend
Motor Trend
named the Tundra "Truck of the Year", and the 2007 Toyota Camry
Toyota Camry
"Car of the Year" for 2007. It also began the construction of two new factories, one to build the RAV4 in Woodstock, Ontario, Canada, and the other to build the Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
in Blue Springs, Mississippi, USA. This plant was originally intended to build the Toyota
Toyota
Highlander, but Toyota
Toyota
decided to use the plant in Princeton, Indiana, USA, instead. The company has also found recent success with its smaller models—the Corolla and Yaris. 2010s[edit] In 2011, Toyota, along with large parts of the Japanese automotive industry, suffered from a series of natural disasters. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami led to a severe disruption of the supplier base and a drop in production and exports.[38][39] Severe flooding during the 2011 monsoon season in Thailand
Thailand
affected Japanese automakers that had chosen Thailand
Thailand
as a production base. Toyota
Toyota
is estimated to have lost production of 150,000 units to the tsunami and production of 240,000 units to the floods. On February 10, 2014, it was announced that Toyota
Toyota
would cease manufacturing vehicles and engines in Australia by the end of 2017.[40][41] The decision was based on the unfavourable Australian dollar making exports not viable, the high cost of local manufacture and the high amount of competition in a relatively small local market.[41] The company plans to consolidate its corporate functions in Melbourne by the end of 2017. The head office will remain in Port Melbourne and the Altona plant will be retained for other functions. The workforce is expected to be reduced from 3,900 to 1,300.[42] The automaker narrowly topped global sales for the first half of 2014, selling 5.1 million vehicles in the six months ending June 30, 2014, an increase of 3.8% on the same period the previous year. Volkswagen AG, which recorded sales of 5.07 million vehicles, was close behind.[43] In August 2014, Toyota
Toyota
announced it would be cutting its spare-parts prices in China by up to 35%. The company admitted the move was in response to a probe foreshadowed earlier in the month by China's National Development and Reform Commission
National Development and Reform Commission
of Toyota's Lexus spare-parts policies, as part of an industry-wide investigation into what the Chinese regulator considers exorbitantly high prices being charged by automakers for spare parts and after-sales servicing.[44] In November 2015, the company announced that it would invest US$1 billion over the next 5 years into artificial intelligence and robotics research.[45] In 2016, Toyota
Toyota
invested in Uber.[46] In March 2016, Toyota
Toyota
partnered with Yanmar
Yanmar
to create a fibreglass pleasure boat using Yanmar
Yanmar
outboard marine diesel engines or Toyota inboard engines.[47] In January 2018, Toyota
Toyota
announced its first-ever integration of smartphone control (currently only available for Apple phones with Apple Carplay) and smartwatch controllers with Amazon Alexa in the Avalon[48]. Recalls[edit] 2009[edit] From November 2009 through 2010, Toyota
Toyota
recalled more than 9 million cars and trucks worldwide in several recall campaigns, and briefly halted production and sales.[49] Toyota
Toyota
initiated the recalls, the first two with the assistance of the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), after reports that several vehicles experienced unintended acceleration. Main article: 2009–11 Toyota
Toyota
vehicle recalls 2012[edit] In October 2012, Toyota
Toyota
announced a recall of 7.43 million vehicles worldwide to fix malfunctioning power window switches, the largest recall since that of Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company
in 1996. The move came after a series of recalls between 2009 and 2011 in which it pulled back around 10 million cars amidst claims of faulty mechanics.[50] In March 2014, Toyota
Toyota
agreed to pay a fine of US$1.2 billion for concealing information and misleading the public about the safety issues behind the recalls on Toyota
Toyota
and Lexus
Lexus
vehicles affected by unintended acceleration. 2014[edit] In early November 2014, Toyota
Toyota
USA enlisted a recall involving defective inflaters and propellant devices that may deploy improperly in the event of a crash, shooting metal fragments into vehicle occupants. More than 7 million vehicles are potentially affected in the United States. This recall only affects vehicles equipped with Takata airbags released after the year 2000 in North America. The airbags were manufactured by Takata automotive manufacturing. Toyota is offering a free repair to all affected vehicles worldwide.[51] The fault in the Takata air bags also affected other North American automobile manufacturers.[52] Logo and branding[edit]

Employee at Toyota
Toyota
Museum explains development of Toyota
Toyota
name and brand

In 1936, Toyota
Toyota
entered the passenger car market with its Model AA and held a competition to establish a new logo emphasizing speed for its new product line. After receiving 27,000 entries, one was selected that additionally resulted in a change of its moniker to "Toyota" from the family name "Toyoda". The new name was believed to sound better, and its eight-stroke count in the Japanese language
Japanese language
was associated with wealth and good fortune. The original logo is no longer found on its vehicles but remains the corporate emblem used in Japan. Still, no guidelines existed for the use of the brand name, so "TOYOTA", which was used throughout most of the world, led to inconsistencies in its worldwide marketing campaigns. To remedy this, Toyota
Toyota
introduced a new worldwide logo in October 1989 to commemorate the 50th year of the company, and to differentiate it from the newly released luxury Lexus
Lexus
brand. The logo made its debut on the 1989 Toyota Celsior
Toyota Celsior
and quickly gained worldwide recognition. The three ovals in the new logo combine to form the letter "T", which stands for Toyota. The overlapping of the two perpendicular ovals inside the larger oval represents the mutually beneficial relationship and trust between the customer and the company while the larger oval surrounding both of these inner ovals represents the "global expansion of Toyota's technology and unlimited potential for the future".[53][54]

Hubcap of 1936 Toyota
Toyota
AA, with the old "Toyoda" name

The new logo started appearing on all printed material, advertisements, dealer signage, and most of the vehicles themselves in 1990. In predominantly Chinese-speaking countries or regions using traditional Chinese characters, e.g. Hong Kong and Taiwan, Toyota
Toyota
is known as "豐田".[55] In Chinese-speaking countries using simplified Chinese characters (e.g. China), Toyota
Toyota
is known as "丰田"[56] (pronounced as Fēngtián in Mandarin Chinese and Hɔng Tshan in Minnanese). These are the same characters as the founding family's name "Toyoda" in Japanese.

Logo until 1989, now still used as a corporate logo 

Logo since 1989 

Japan[edit]

Toyota
Toyota
Store Aichi

Toyopet
Toyopet
Store, Saitama

Corolla Store Kyotanabe

Netz Store, Tsurumi-ku, Osaka

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyota
Toyota
dealerships.

In Japan, Toyota
Toyota
currently maintains separate dealership sales channels.[57] The first sales channel established in 1946 called " Toyota
Toyota
Store"[58] (トヨタ店 Toyota
Toyota
Mise) sells large luxury sedans such as the Toyota
Toyota
Century, and the Toyota
Toyota
Crown. In 1955, the " Toyopet
Toyopet
Store" (トヨペット店 Toyopetto-ten) arrived, originally established to sell the Toyota Corona
Toyota Corona
and the Toyopet
Toyopet
ToyoAce truck. (Toyota's five channel dealerships in Japan
Japan
chronology in Japanese.) Toyota
Toyota
sought out to use a hierarchical marketing approach, similar to methods used in North America, but implemented it at all of its dealership chains, with some models being exclusive to particular locations. Toyota
Toyota
operated a commercial dealership called Toyota
Toyota
Diesel Shop (トヨタディーゼル店 Toyota
Toyota
Dīzeru-ten) from 1957 until 1988 that sold various commercial platform trucks, buses, and forklifts, such as the Toyota Dyna
Toyota Dyna
and the Toyota
Toyota
Coaster. Hino products were sold at specific Hino locations and shared at Toyota
Toyota
Diesel Store locations after Toyota
Toyota
acquired the company in 1967. Starting in 1980, the Diesel Shop also sold the Starlet, Corolla, Corona, Vista, and Crown installed with diesel engines. When the Toyota
Toyota
Diesel Store was disbanded, commercial products were divided between Toyota
Toyota
Store and Toyopet
Toyopet
Store locations. Currently, the " Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corolla
Store" (トヨタカローラ店 Toyota Karōra-ten) was renamed from the " Toyota Publica
Toyota Publica
Store" (トヨタパブリカ店 Toyota
Toyota
Paburika-ten), which was established to sell the Toyota Publica
Toyota Publica
in 1961, then renamed to sell the Toyota Corolla in 1966.[57] In 1980, the " Toyota Vista
Toyota Vista
Store" replaced the " Toyota
Toyota
Auto Store" (トヨタオート店 Toyota
Toyota
Ōto-ten) sales network that sold the Corolla companion, called the Toyota Sprinter
Toyota Sprinter
established in 1967.[57] The "Vista" name was used on a new Camry-clone, called the Toyota Vista. The Toyota Vista
Toyota Vista
network was replaced with two networks; " Toyota
Toyota
NETZ" (ネッツ店 Nettsu-ten) in August 1998, and Lexus
Lexus
in 2004. Some former Vista models were rebranded as Lexus
Lexus
(レクサス Rekusasu), such as the Altezza and the Aristo, while other products have been taken over by the " Toyota
Toyota
NETZ", which was already selling the Toyota ist
Toyota ist
and the Toyota
Toyota
RAV4. "NETZ" is an acronym for "Network of Energetic Teams for Zenith". In 2012, selected Japanese dealership locations were given a special designation called "Area 86" that resembled the North American Toyota network, called Scion, to sell the Toyota
Toyota
86, building on the marketing approach started with WiLL
WiLL
branded products.[57][59] As of 2017, the "Area 86" network was rebranded as "GR" for Gazoo Racing, sharing a similar approach to the performance division Toyota
Toyota
Racing Development or "TRD", providing various upgrades for the 86, Vitz, Prius, Mark X, Harrier, Noah and Voxy.[60]

Vehicles sold at Toyota
Toyota
Store (nationally)

The following is a list of all past and present models and where they were available at retail channels nationally. Most models were exclusive to particular retail chains while some models, like the Prius, are available at all sales channels.[61] Retail chains in Tokyo, Osaka and Okinawa
Okinawa
are different.[57]

Century, Crown Majesta, Crown, Master, SAI, Mirai, Prius, Aqua, Allion, Succeed, Blade, Avensis, Sienta, Corolla RunX, C-HR, Porte, Estima, Isis, Roomy, FJ Cruiser, Comfort, Land Cruiser, Hilux Surf, Land Cruiser Prado, Dyna, Stout, Esquire, Coaster, QuickDelivery, 2000GT, Carina, Carina ED, GT-86, Brevis, Gaia, Cavalier, Classic, MasterAce, Hilux, Mega Cruiser, Soarer, Origin, Caldina.

Vehicles sold at Toyopet
Toyopet
Store (nationally)

Mark X, SAI, Mirai, Premio, Prius, Aqua, Belta, Mark X ZiO, Succeed, Ractis, Auris, Blade, GT-86, Porte, Harrier, Vanguard, Esquire, Rush, C-HR, Avensis, Alphard, Comfort, HiAce, ToyoAce, Tank, Sienta, Pixis Space, Mark II-Mark II Qualis-Mark II Blit, Corona, Corona EXiV, Corona Coupe, Corsa, Opa, Avalon, Progrès, Cami, ist, Platz, Soarer, Hilux, Cynos, Regius, Celsior, Origin, Caldina, Ipsum.

Vehicles sold at Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corolla
Store (starting 1966), formerly Toyota Publica Store (nationally)

SAI, Camry, Prius, Aqua, Corolla Axio, GT-86, Belta, Spade, Probox, Corolla Rumion, C-HR, Ractis, Passo, Corolla Verso, Sera, Vanguard, Roomy, Estima, Noah, Avensis, Sienta, TownAce, Pixis, Publica, Tercel, Windom, Scepter, Corolla Ceres, Origin, Nadia, WiLL, RAV4, Sports 800, Celica, Supra, Corolla Levin, Celica XX, Celica Camry.

Vehicles sold at Netz Store (starting 1998), formerly Toyota
Toyota
Vista Store (starting 1980), formerly Toyota
Toyota
Auto Store (starting 1967) (nationally)

Vitz, SAI, Prius, Aqua, ist, Auris, bB, Avensis, Raum, Spade, Wish, Voxy, RAV4, C-HR, Kluger, Vellfire, iQ, Allex, Tank, Pixis, Fun Cargo, Pronard, Altezza, Verossa, Curren, Aristo, MR-S, MR2, Starlet, Vista, Cresta, Sprinter, Voltz, Blizzard, Chaser, Sprinter Marino, Carib, Granvia, Sprinter Trueno, LiteAce, Ipsum, GT-86, WiLL
WiLL
(1999–2004). Toyota
Toyota
slogans[edit] Australia[edit]

Oh What a feeling! (1979–present)

Bangladesh[edit]

Running Towards (1974–1979) Leads away your life (1979–1986) The Greatest (1986–1991) Interesting vehicle (1991–1998) The Quality (1998–2005) The Perfection of life (2005–2010) The Amazing (2010–present)

Europe[edit]

My Toyota
Toyota
Is Fantastic The car in front is a Toyota Today, Tomorrow, Toyota Always A Better Way Nichts ist unmöglich (Germany, English: "Nothing is impossible", 1985–present)[62][63][64]

India[edit]

Everyday (1997–2001) Touch The Perfection (2001–2005) Moving Forward (2005–2012) Quality Revolution (2012–present)

Indonesia[edit]

Choice Of Trust (Indonesian: Terpilih Karena Terpercaya, 1984–1989) Leads You Ahead (1989–2001) Passion (2001–2004) Because We Love You (2004–2006) Moving Forward (2006–2015) Let's Go Beyond (2015–present)[65]

Japan[edit]

ファミリーカーのトヨタ (Roma-ji:Famirika no Toyota, English: Toyota
Toyota
Family Car, 1966–1969) 進歩のマーク (Roma-ji:Shinpo no Maku, English:Mark of Progress, 1967–1970) 愛される車をめざして (Roma-ji:Aisareru-sha no Mezashite, English:Toward the car be loved, 1971–1980) 安全はトヨタの願い (Roma-ji:Anzen wa Toyota
Toyota
no Negai, English:Safety Wish of Toyota, 1978–1982) 新技術-時代は Toyota
Toyota
(Roma-ji:Shingijutsu jidai wa TOYOTA, English:The New Era of Toyota
Toyota
Technology, 1982–1988) Fun To Drive (1984–1990) 新しいトヨタが走りはじめます。 (Roma-ji:Atarashi Toyota ga Hashiri Hajimemasu, English:The New Toyota
Toyota
Will Begin Running, 1989–1990) シートベルトを忘れずに (Roma-ji:Shītoberuto o wasurezu ni, English:Don't Forget Your Seatbelt, 1989–1991) 人へ。社会へ。地球へ。' (Roma-ji:Hito e, Shakai e, Chikyuu e, English:For People, For Society, For The Earth, 1990–1999) Big Challenge (1993–1996) Sedan Innovation (1993–1998) Action Toyota
Toyota
(1997–1998) クルマが未来になっていく。 (Roma-ji:Kuruma ga Mirai ni Natte iku, English:The car is Gradually Turned to The Future, 1998–1999) Drive Your Dreams. (2000–2012) Fun to Drive, Again. (2012–2017) Toyota
Toyota
Next One (2014–2015) The World is One (2015–2017) Start Your Impossible (2017–present)

Malaysia[edit]

Leads You Ahead (1989–2001) Passion (2001–2005) Get The Feeling (2001–2005) Moving Forward (2005–2016) All About The Drive (2016–present)[66]

Philippines[edit]

You Asked For It You Got It (Mid 70s-Early 80s) (Delta Motors Corp) Leads You Ahead (1989–1995) I Love This Car (1996-1999) Passion (2001–2005) Moving Forward (2005–present)

Singapore[edit]

I Love what you do for me (1989–1997) Everyday (1997–2001) Get The Feeling' (2001–2005) Moving Forward (2005–2012) Always Better (2012–present)

South Africa[edit]

Everything keeps going right, Toyota
Toyota
(1973–2004) Lead The Way (2004–present)

South Korea[edit]

You Are So Smart (2014-present)

Thailand[edit]

Leads You Ahead (1989–2001) Passion (2001–2003) Yes We Drive (2003–2005)[67] Moving Forward (2005–2012) Mobility Of Happiness (2012–present)

United States[edit]

You asked for it, You got it! (1975–1979)[68] Oh What a feeling! (1979–1985)[68] Who could ask for anything more? (1985–1989) I love what you do for me (1989–1997) Everyday (1997–2001) Get The Feeling (2001–2004) Moving Forward (2004–2012) Let's Go Places (2012–present)

Sports[edit] Further information: Toyota Racing
Toyota Racing
Development, Toyota
Toyota
in motorsports, and Toyota
Toyota
Motorsport GmbH Toyota
Toyota
sponsors several teams and has purchased naming rights for several venues, including:

Toyota
Toyota
Center, Houston, Texas Toyota
Toyota
Center, Kennewick, Washington Toyota
Toyota
Field, San Antonio, Texas Toyota
Toyota
Park, Bridgeview, Illinois Toyota
Toyota
Sports Center, El Segundo, California Toyota
Toyota
Stadium, Georgetown, Kentucky Toyota
Toyota
Stadium, Frisco, Texas

As of 2017[update], Toyota
Toyota
is an official sponsor of Cricket Australia,[69] the England and Wales Cricket Board[70] and the AFL.[71] In March 2015, Toyota
Toyota
became a sponsor partner for the Olympic Games, in the form of supplying vehicles and communications between vehicles until 2024.[72] Company strategy[edit] Main article: The Toyota
Toyota
Way Toyota's management philosophy has evolved from the company's origins and has been reflected in the terms "Lean Manufacturing" and Just In Time Production, which it was instrumental in developing.[73] Toyota's managerial values and business methods are known collectively as the Toyota
Toyota
Way. In April 2001, Toyota
Toyota
adopted the " Toyota
Toyota
Way 2001", an expression of values and conduct guidelines that all Toyota
Toyota
employees should embrace. Under the two headings of Respect for People and Continuous Improvement, Toyota
Toyota
summarizes its values and conduct guidelines with these five principles:[74]

Challenge Kaizen
Kaizen
(improvement) Genchi genbutsu (go and see) Respect Teamwork

According to external observers, the Toyota
Toyota
Way has four components:[75]

Long-term thinking as a basis for management decisions A process for problem-solving Adding value to the organization by developing its people Recognizing that continuously solving root problems drives organizational learning

The Toyota Way incorporates the Toyota
Toyota
Production System. Operations[edit] Main article: Toyota
Toyota
Production System

New Toyota
Toyota
factory in Ohira, near Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan: A month after this picture was taken, the region was devastated by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. The plant was only lightly damaged, but remained closed more than a month, mainly due to lack of supplies and energy, in addition to a badly damaged Sendai port.

Toyota
Toyota
has long been recognized as an industry leader in manufacturing and production. Three stories of its origin have been found, one that they studied Piggly-Wiggly's just-in-time distribution system,[76] one that they followed the writings of W. Edwards Deming,[77] and one that they were given the principles from a WWII US government training program (Training Within Industry).[78] As described by external observers of Toyota, the principles of the Toyota
Toyota
Way are:[75]

Base your management decisions on a long-term philosophy, even at the expense of short-term goals Create continuous process flow to bring problems to the surface Use "pull" systems to avoid overproduction Level out the workload Build a culture of stopping to fix problems, to get quality right the first time Standardized tasks are the foundation for continuous improvement and employee empowerment Use visual control so no problems are hidden Use only reliable, thoroughly tested technology that serves your people and processes Grow leaders who thoroughly understand the work, live the philosophy, and teach it to others Develop exceptional people and teams who follow your company’s philosophy Respect your extended network of partners and suppliers by challenging them and helping them improve Go and see for yourself to thoroughly understand the situation (genchi genbutsu) Make decisions slowly by consensus, thoroughly considering all options; implement decisions rapidly Become a learning organization through relentless reflection and continuous improvement (kaizen)

Toyota
Toyota
Pavilion at the Expo in Aichi

Toyota
Toyota
has grown from its origins in Japan
Japan
during the 1930s to become a large multinational corporation. It displaced GM and became the world's largest automobile maker for the year 2008. It held the title of the most profitable automobile maker (US$11 billion in 2006) along with increasing sales in, among other countries, the United States. The world headquarters of Toyota
Toyota
are located in its home country in Toyota
Toyota
City, Japan. Its subsidiary, Toyota Financial Services sells financing and participates in other lines of business. Toyota
Toyota
brands include Scion and Lexus
Lexus
and the corporation is part of the Toyota Group. Toyota
Toyota
also owns 51% of Daihatsu, and 16.7% of Fuji Heavy Industries, which manufactures Subaru
Subaru
vehicles. They also acquired 5.9% of Isuzu
Isuzu
Motors Ltd. on November 7, 2006, and will be introducing Isuzu
Isuzu
diesel technology into their products. Toyota
Toyota
has introduced new technologies, including one of the first mass-produced hybrid gasoline-electric vehicles, of which it says it has sold 2 million globally as of 2010,[79] Advanced Parking Guidance System (automatic parking), a four-speed electronically controlled automatic with buttons for power and economy shifting, and an eight-speed automatic transmission. Toyota, and Toyota-produced Lexus and Scion automobiles, consistently rank near the top in certain quality and reliability surveys, primarily J.D. Power and Consumer Reports[80] although they led in automobile recalls for the first time in 2009.[81] In 2005, Toyota, combined with its half-owned subsidiary Daihatsu Motor Company, produced 8.54 million vehicles, about 500,000 fewer than the number produced by GM that year. Toyota
Toyota
has a large market share in the United States, but a small market share in Europe. It also sells vehicles in Africa and is a market leader in Australia. Due to its Daihatsu
Daihatsu
subsidiary, it has significant market shares in several fast-growing Southeast Asian countries.[82] According to the 2008 Fortune Global 500, Toyota
Toyota
is the fifth largest company in the world. Since the recession of 2001, it has gained market share in the United States. Toyota's market share struggles in Europe where its Lexus
Lexus
brand has 0.3% market share, compared to nearly 2% market share as the US luxury segment leader. In the first three months of 2007, Toyota
Toyota
together with its half-owned subsidiary Daihatsu
Daihatsu
reported number one sales of 2.348 million units. Toyota's brand sales had risen 9.2% largely on demand for Corolla and Camry sedans. The difference in performance was largely attributed to surging demand for fuel-efficient vehicles. In November 2006, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas
added a facility in San Antonio.[83] Toyota
Toyota
has experienced quality problems and was reprimanded by the government in Japan
Japan
for its recall practices.[84] In 2007, Toyota
Toyota
maintained over 16% of the US market share and was listed second only to GM in terms of volume.[85] Toyota Century
Toyota Century
Royal is the official state car of the Japanese imperial family, namely for the current Emperor of Japan. Toyota
Toyota
was hit by the global financial crisis of 2008 as it was forced in December 2008 to forecast its first annual loss in 70 years.[86] In January 2009, it announced the closure of all of its Japanese plants for 11 days to reduce output and stocks of unsold vehicles.[87] Akio Toyoda
Akio Toyoda
became the new president and CEO of the company on June 23, 2009, by replacing Katsuaki Watanabe, who became the new vice chairman by replacing Katsuhiro Nakagawa.[88] Worldwide presence[edit]

The Toyota Camry
Toyota Camry
is assembled in several facilities around the world including Australia, China, Taiwan, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Russia, Thailand, India, Vietnam, and the United States

A Toyota
Toyota
dealer in Jakarta, Indonesia

Toyota
Toyota
has factories in most parts of the world, manufacturing or assembling vehicles for local markets in Japan, Australia, India, Sri Lanka, Canada, Indonesia, Poland, South Africa, Turkey, Colombia, the United Kingdom, the United States, France, Brazil, Portugal, and more recently, Argentina, Czech Republic, Mexico (Tijuana), Malaysia, Thailand, Pakistan, Egypt, China, Vietnam, Venezuela, the Philippines, and Russia. Toyota's net revenue by geographical regions for the year ended March 31, 2007:[89]

Geographic region Total sales ( Yen in millions)

Japan 8,152,884

North America 8,771,495

Europe 3,346,013

Asia 1,969,957

Others 1,707,742

The Toyota Innova
Toyota Innova
is one of the vehicles designed as part of the IIMV project.

In 2002, Toyota
Toyota
initiated the Innovative International Multi-purpose Vehicle project (IIMV) to optimize global manufacturing and supply systems for pickup trucks and multipurpose vehicles, and to satisfy market demand in more than 140 countries worldwide. IIMV called for diesel engines to be made in Thailand, gasoline engines in Indonesia, and manual transmissions in India and the Philippines, for supply to the countries charged with vehicle production. For vehicle assembly, Toyota
Toyota
would use plants in Thailand, Indonesia, Argentina, and South Africa. These four main IIMV production and export bases supply Asia, Europe, Africa, Oceania, Latin America, and the Middle East with three vehicles: The Toyota Hilux
Toyota Hilux
(Vigo), the Fortuner, and the Toyota Innova.[90] North America[edit] Main article: Toyota
Toyota
Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America Toyota Motor North America
Toyota Motor North America
headquarters is located in Plano, Texas, and operates as a holding company in North America. Its manufacturing headquarters is located in Erlanger, Kentucky, and is known as Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America. Toyota Canada Inc.
Toyota Canada Inc.
has been in production in Canada since 1983 with an aluminium wheel plant in Delta, British Columbia, which currently employs a workforce of roughly 260. Its first vehicle assembly plant, in Cambridge, Ontario, since 1988, now produces Corolla compact cars, Matrix crossover vehicles, and Lexus
Lexus
RX 350 luxury SUVs, with a workforce of 4,300 workers. Its second assembly operation in Woodstock, Ontario, began manufacturing the RAV4 late in 2008.[91] In 2006, Toyota's subsidiary Hino Motors
Hino Motors
opened a heavy duty truck plant, also in Woodstock, employing 45 people and producing 2000 trucks annually.[92]

Toyota
Toyota
Technical Center, Ann Arbor Charter Township, Michigan

Toyota
Toyota
has a large presence in the United States with six major assembly plants in Huntsville, Alabama, Georgetown, Kentucky, Princeton, Indiana, San Antonio, Texas, Buffalo, West Virginia, and Blue Springs, Mississippi. Toyota
Toyota
had a joint-venture operation with General Motors
General Motors
at New United Motor Manufacturing Inc. in Fremont, California, which began in 1984 and ended in 2009.[93] It still has a joint venture with Subaru
Subaru
at Subaru
Subaru
of Indiana
Indiana
Automotive, Inc. in Lafayette, Indiana, which started in 2006. In these assembly plants, the Camry and the Tundra are manufactured, among others. Toyota
Toyota
marketing, sales, and distribution in the US are conducted through a separate subsidiary, Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc.
Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc.
It has started producing larger trucks, such as the new Tundra, to go after the large truck market in the United States. Toyota
Toyota
is also pushing hybrid vehicles in the US such as the Prius, Camry Hybrid, Highlander Hybrid, and various Lexus
Lexus
products. Currently, Toyota
Toyota
has no plans to offer diesel motor options in its North American products, including the light-duty pickup trucks.[94] Europe[edit] Main article: Toyota
Toyota
Motor Europe Australia[edit] Main article: Toyota
Toyota
Australia In 1963, Australia was one of the first countries to assemble Toyotas outside Japan. However, in February 2014, Toyota
Toyota
was the last of Australia's major automakers to announce the end of production in Australia. The closure of Toyota's Australian plant will be completed by 2017. Before Toyota, Ford
Ford
and GM's Holden
Holden
had announced similar moves, all citing an unfavorable currency and attendant high manufacturing costs.[95] Product line[edit] Electric technology[edit] Hybrid electric vehicles[edit] Main articles: Hybrid Synergy Drive, Hybrid electric vehicle, and Toyota
Toyota
Prius Toyota
Toyota
is the world's market leader in sales of hybrid electric vehicles, one of the largest companies to encourage the mass-market adoption of hybrid vehicles across the globe, and the first to commercially mass-produce and sell such vehicles, with the introduction of the Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
in 1997.[96][97] The company eventually began providing this option on its main passenger cars such as Camry and later with the Lexus
Lexus
divisions, producing some hybrid luxury vehicles. It labeled such technology in Toyota
Toyota
cars as "Hybrid Synergy Drive" and in Lexus
Lexus
versions as " Lexus
Lexus
Hybrid Drive". Cumulative global sales of Toyota
Toyota
and Lexus
Lexus
hybrid passenger car models passed the 10 million milestone in January 2017.[10] Its Prius family
Prius family
is the world's top-selling hybrid nameplate with almost 4 million units sold worldwide as of January 2017[update].[10]

The Toyota
Toyota
Prius, flagship of Toyota's hybrid technology, is the world's best-selling hybrid car with almost 4 million units sold as of January 2017[update].[10]

As of January 2017[update], Toyota Motor Corporation
Toyota Motor Corporation
sells 33 Toyota
Toyota
and Lexus
Lexus
hybrid passenger car models and one plug-in hybrid in over 90 countries and regions around the world, and the carmaker expects to achieve annual sales of 1.5  million units, and cumulative sales of 15  million units by 2020.[10] The Prius liftback is the world's top selling hybrid gasoline-electric car, its sales achieved the 3 million unit milestone in June 2013,[98] and cumulative sales since 1997 totaled 3,984,600 units at the end of January 2017.[10] The Prius liftback ranks as the top selling hybrid car in the U.S. market, and passed the 1 million milestone in April 2011.[99] Cumulative sales of the Prius in Japan
Japan
reached the 1 million mark in August 2011.[100] As of January 2017[update], sales of the Prius liftback totaled over 1.8 million units in Japan
Japan
and 1.75 million in the United States.[10] Cumulative TMC hybrid sales since the Prius introduction in Europe in 2000 passed the 1 million unit milestone in November 2015.[101] Worldwide sales of hybrid vehicles produced by Toyota
Toyota
reached 1 million vehicles by May 31, 2007, and the 2 million mark was reached by August 2009, with hybrids sold in 50 countries.[102][103] The 5 million hybrid sales milestone was reached in March 2013.[104] During 2012, Toyota
Toyota
and Lexus
Lexus
hybrid models sold more than 1 million units a year for the first time, with 1.219 million units sold.[105] During 2013, TMC sold 1.279 million units, and the 6 million sales milestone was achieved in December 2013, just nine months after its latest million unit milestone.[106] The 7 million sales mark was reached in September 2014, again, selling one million hybrids in nine months,[107] and the 8 million sales milestone was achieved in July 2015, just 10 months after the previous million-unit milestone.[108] The 9 million sales mark was reached in April 2016, again, selling one million hybrids in just nine months,[96] and the 10 million milestone in January 2017, one more time nine months later.[10] Toyota estimates that up to January 31, 2017, its hybrids have saved about 7.66 billion U.S. gallons of gasoline (29 billion liters) compared to the amount used by gasoline-powered vehicles of similar size, and have emitted approximately 77 million fewer tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions than would have been emitted by gasoline-powered vehicles of similar size and driving performance.[10]

The Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
c is the second spin-off of the Prius family, and the second most sold TMC hybrid after the Prius liftback, with almost 1.38 million units sold as of January 2017[update].[10]

As of April 2016[update], besides the four Prius liftback generations, Toyota's hybrid lineup includes the Prius α/Prius v/Prius +, Aqua/Prius c, Camry Hybrid (1st and 2nd generation), Toyota Highlander Hybrid (Kluger Hybrid in Japan), Toyota Avalon
Toyota Avalon
Hybrid, Toyota Auris
Toyota Auris
Hybrid, Toyota Yaris Hybrid
Toyota Yaris Hybrid
(Europe only), and the following models sold only in Japan: Alphard Hybrid/Vellfire Hybrid, Estima Hybrid, Toyota
Toyota
Sai, Toyota
Toyota
Harrier, Toyota Crown
Toyota Crown
Hybrid, Toyota Crown Mild Hybrid, Toyota Crown
Toyota Crown
Majesta, Corolla Axio, Corolla Fielder, Toyota
Toyota
Voxy/Noah/Esquire, Toyota
Toyota
Sienta, Toyota
Toyota
Corolla Hybrid, Toyota
Toyota
Levin Hybrid, and Toyota RAV4
Toyota RAV4
Hybrid.[96] Beginning in 2011, TMC introduced three new members to the Prius family, the Prius v
Prius v
(Prius α in Japan
Japan
and Prius + in Europe), the Prius c
Prius c
( Toyota
Toyota
Aqua in Japan), and the Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
Plug-in Hybrid, released in 2012 in Japan, the U.S., and Europe.[109] With a total of 247,230 vehicles sold during the first quarter of 2012, the Toyota Prius family
Prius family
became the third top selling nameplate in the world in terms of total global sales after the Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corolla
(300,800 units) and the Ford
Ford
Focus (277,000 units).[110][111] Until September 2012, the Prius liftback was the top selling new car in Japan
Japan
for 16 months in a row, until it was surpassed by the Toyota
Toyota
Aqua (Prius c) in October 2012.[112][113] With 266,567 units sold in Japan
Japan
in 2012, the Aqua is considered the most successful nameplate launch in the Japanese market in the last 20 years.[114]

The Lexus
Lexus
RX 450h is the top selling hybrid of the Lexus
Lexus
brand with global sales of 363,000 units as of January 2017[update].[10]

The Prius c/Aqua model, with global sales of 1,380,100 units through January 2017, is TMC's second best-selling hybrid after the Prius liftback, followed the Prius α/v/+ with 671,200 units, and the two generations of the Camry Hybrid, with 614,700 units sold worldwide, all through January 2017.[10] For both Prius family
Prius family
variants, Japan
Japan
is the top selling market while the U.S. is the top-selling Camry market.[10] Ranking next is the Auris with 378,000 units sold, with Europe as the top market with 354,600 units sold.[10] Lexus
Lexus
also has their own hybrid lineup, and as of August 2015[update], consist of the LS 600h/LS 600h L, GS 450h, RX 400h/RX 450h, Lexus
Lexus
HS 250h, Lexus
Lexus
CT 200h, Lexus
Lexus
ES 300h, Lexus
Lexus
IS 300h, Lexus
Lexus
NX 300h, and Lexus
Lexus
RC 300h.[108] Global cumulative sales of Lexus
Lexus
brand hybrids reached the 500 thousand mark in November 2012.[104] The 1 million sales milestone was achieved in March 2016.[115] The Lexus
Lexus
RX 400h/RX 450h ranks as the top selling Lexus hybrid with 363,000 units delivered worldwide as of January 2017[update], followed by the Lexus
Lexus
CT 200h with 290,800 units, and the Lexus
Lexus
ES 300h with 143,200 units.[10] Plug-in hybrids[edit] Main article: Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
Plug-in Hybrid

First generation Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
Plug-in Hybrid

Toyota's plug-in hybrid electric vehicle project began in 2007, with road trials of the prototype vehicle in France
France
and the UK in 2008. Toyota
Toyota
made 600 Prius plug-in demonstration vehicles for lease to fleet and government customers. 230 were delivered in Japan
Japan
beginning in late December 2009, 125 models released in the U.S. by early 2010, and 200 units in 18 European countries in 2010. France, the UK, and Germany
Germany
had the largest fleets with 150 PHEVs.[116][117][118] Canada, China, Australia, and New Zealand also participated in the global demonstration program.[117][119][120] The production version of the Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
Plug-in Hybrid was released in Japan
Japan
in January 2012,[121][122] followed by the United States in late February,[123] and deliveries in Europe began in late June 2012.[124] As of April 2016[update], global sales totaled 75,400 Prius PHVs since 2012, with North America as the leading regional market with 42,700 units, followed by Japan
Japan
with about 22,100 units, Europe with 10,500 units, and only about 100 units in the rest of the world.[96] The United States is the country market leader with 42,320 units delivered through April 2016.[125][126] The leading European market is the Netherlands with 4,134 units registered as of 30 November 2015[update].[127] During its first year in the market, a total of 27,279 Prius PHVs were sold worldwide,[128] allowing the plug-in version to rank as the second most sold plug-in electric car for 2012.[129] Accounting for cumulative sales since its inception, the Prius PHV was the world's all-time third best selling plug-in electric car by December 2014.[130] Production of the first generation Prius Plug-in ended in June 2015.[131] As of May 2015[update], the Prius Plug-in Hybrid ranked as the world's second top selling plug-in hybrid ever after the Volt/Ampera family.[132] As of April 2016[update], the Prius plug-in ranking among the top selling plug-in cars fell to fifth place after the Tesla Model S
Tesla Model S
and the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV.[133] The second generation Prius plug-in hybrid, named Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
Prime in the US, was unveiled at the 2016 New York International Auto Show, and was released in the U.S. in November 2016. Unlike the first generation model, it is available in all 50 states.[134][135]Sales in Japan
Japan
started on February 15, 2017. All-electric vehicles[edit] See also: Toyota RAV4
Toyota RAV4
EV and Toyota iQ
Toyota iQ
EV The first generation Toyota RAV4
Toyota RAV4
EV was leased in the United States from 1997 to 2003, and at the lessees' request, many units were sold after the vehicle was discontinued.[136] A total of 1,484 were leased and/or sold in California to meet the state’s CARB
CARB
mandate for zero-emissions vehicles.[137][138] As of mid-2012, there were almost 500 units still in use.[139]

First generation Toyota RAV4
Toyota RAV4
EV

Second generation Toyota RAV4
Toyota RAV4
EV

In May 2010, Toyota
Toyota
launched a collaboration with Tesla Motors
Tesla Motors
to create electric vehicles. Toyota
Toyota
agreed to purchase US$50 million of Tesla common stock subsequent to the closing of Tesla's planned initial public offering.[140] Toyota, with the assistance of Tesla, built 35 converted RAV4s (Phase Zero vehicles) for a demonstration and evaluation program that ran through 2011. The lithium metal-oxide battery and other power train components were supplied by Tesla Motors.[141][142] Four years later, Toyota, along with Daimler, began to unwind its position in Tesla.[143] Toyota
Toyota
and Daimler made more than $1 bln from the investment.[144] The Toyota RAV4
Toyota RAV4
EV Concept was released in September 2012.[145] The RAV4 EV
RAV4 EV
was assembled at Toyota's facility in Woodstock, Ontario
Woodstock, Ontario
along with the regular gasoline version. Tesla built the electric powertrain at its plant at Tesla Factory
Tesla Factory
in Fremont, California, and then shipped them to Canada.[146][147] The RAV4 EV
RAV4 EV
was sold only in California, beginning with the San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles/Orange County, and San Diego. Production was limited to 2,600 units during a three-year period.[148][149] As of 31 December 2015[update], a total of 2,340 RAV4 EVs were sold in the U.S. to retail customers.[150][151][152] Production ended in September 2014.[153] A prototype of the Toyota iQ
Toyota iQ
EV (Scion iQ EV in the US) was exhibited at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show. The Scion iQ EV is the successor to the FT-EV II as an electric vehicle based on the Toyota
Toyota
iQ chassis.[154][155] Toyota
Toyota
produced three generations of FT-EV concept cars, and the iQ EV is a production version of those concepts, incorporating the technological and design strengths of all three models. The exterior of the production version is based on the FT-EV III concept shown at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show.[156]

The Toyota
Toyota
iQ/Scion iQ EV is based on Toyota's three generations of FT-EV concept. Shown the Toyota FT-EV III
Toyota FT-EV III
concept car at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show.

The U.S. launch of the Scion iQ EV was announced for 2012,[157][158] and according to Toyota, for the initial roll-out the iQ EV would not be available to individual consumers, instead, the carmaker decided to focus on fleet customers and car sharing programs.[159] The iQ EV was scheduled to be produced at Toyota’s Takaoka Plant in Toyota
Toyota
City beginning in August 2012 and the initial production was planned to be limited to 600 units, with 400 staying in Japan, 100 units destined to the U.S., and the other 100 for Europe.[160] In September 2012, Toyota announced that due to customers' concerns about range and charging time, the production of the Scion iQ ( Toyota
Toyota
eQ in Japan) will be limited to about 100 units for special fleet use in Japan
Japan
and the U.S. only. The iQ EV/eQ was scheduled to be released in both countries in December 2012.[161]

Toyota
Toyota
I-Road in Grenoble

The first 30 iQ EVs were delivered in the U.S. to the University of California, Irvine in March 2013 for use in its Zero Emission Vehicle-Network Enabled Transport (ZEV-NET) carsharing fleet. Since 2002, the ZEV-NET program has been serving the transport needs of the Irvine community with all-electric vehicles for the critical last mile of commutes from the Irvine train station to the UC campus and local business offices.[162] In addition, Toyota
Toyota
announced that is backing away from fully electric vehicles. The company's vice chairman, Takeshi Uchiyamada, said: "The current capabilities of electric vehicles do not meet society’s needs, whether it may be the distance the cars can run, or the costs, or how it takes a long time to charge." Toyota's emphasis would be re-focused on the hybrid concept, and 21 new hybrid gas-electric models scheduled to be on the market by 2015.[161][163] Toyota's project called Ha:mo (Harmonious Mobility Network), is using the Toyota
Toyota
i-Road, an all-electric vehicle which combines the potential of both cars and motorbikes.[164][165] The project is being run in Grenoble, France; Toyota
Toyota
City, Japan; and also Tokyo, Japan.[166] Hydrogen fuel-cell[edit] In 2002, Toyota
Toyota
began a development and demonstration program to test the Toyota
Toyota
FCHV, a hybrid hydrogen fuel cell vehicle based on the Toyota Highlander
Toyota Highlander
production SUV. Toyota
Toyota
also built a FCHV bus based on the Hino Blue Ribbon City
Hino Blue Ribbon City
low-floor bus.[167][168] Toyota
Toyota
has built several prototypes/concepts of the FCHV since 1997, including the Toyota
Toyota
FCHV-1, FCHV-2, FCHV-3, FCHV-4, and Toyota
Toyota
FCHV-adv. The Toyota FCV-R fuel cell concept car was unveiled at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show. The FCV-R sedan seats four and has a fuel cell stack including a 70 MPa high-pressure hydrogen tank, which can deliver a range of 435 mi (700 km) under the Japanese JC08 test
Japanese JC08 test
cycle. Toyota said the car was planned for launch in about 2015.[169]

The Toyota Mirai
Toyota Mirai
fuel-cell vehicle

In August 2012, Toyota
Toyota
announced its plans to start retail sales of a hydrogen fuel-cell sedan in California in 2015. Toyota
Toyota
expects to become a leader in this technology.[170] The prototype of its first hydrogen fuel cell vehicle will be exhibited at the November 2013 Tokyo Motor Show, and in the United States at the January 2014 Consumer Electronics Show.[171] Toyota's first hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles to be sold commercially, the Toyota Mirai
Toyota Mirai
(Japanese for "future"), was unveiled at the November 2014 Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Auto Show.[172] In January 2015, it was announced that production of the Mirai fuel cell vehicle would increase from 700 units in 2015 to approximately 2,000 in 2016 and 3,000 in 2017.[173] Sales in Japan
Japan
began on December 15, 2014, at a price of ¥6,700,000 (~US$57,400). The Japanese government plans to support the commercialization of fuel-cell vehicles with a subsidy of ¥2,000,000 (~US$19,600).[174] Retail sales in the U.S. began in August 2015 at a price of US$57,500 before any government incentives. Initially, the Mirai will only be available in California.[175][176] The market release in Europe is slated for September 2015, and initially will be available only in the UK, Germany, and Denmark, followed by other countries in 2017. Pricing in Germany
Germany
starts at €60,000 (~US$75,140) plus VAT
VAT
(€78,540).[177] In 2015, Toyota
Toyota
released 5,600 patents for free use until 2020, hoping to promote global development of hydrogen fuel-cell technology.[178][179][180][181] Cars[edit] Further information: List of Toyota
Toyota
vehicles As of 2009, Toyota
Toyota
officially lists approximately 70 different models sold under its namesake brand, including sedans, coupes, vans, trucks, hybrids, and crossovers.[182] Many of these models are produced as passenger sedans, which range from the subcompact Toyota Yaris
Toyota Yaris
and compact Corolla, to mid-size Camry and full-size Avalon.[182] Vans include the Previa/Estima, Sienna, and others.[182] Several small cars, such as the xB and tC, are sold under the Scion brand.[182] SUVs and crossovers[edit]

Toyota
Toyota
Fortuner

Toyota
Toyota
crossovers range from the compact Matrix and RAV4, to midsize Venza and Kluger/Highlander.[182] Toyota
Toyota
SUVs range from the midsize 4Runner to full-size Land Cruiser.[182] Other SUVs include the Prado, FJ Cruiser, Fortuner, and Sequoia.[182]

Pickup trucks[edit]

Toyota
Toyota
Hilux

Toyota
Toyota
Tacoma

Toyota
Toyota
first entered the pickup truck market in 1947 with the SB that was only sold in Japan
Japan
and limited Asian markets. It was followed in 1954 by the RK (renamed in 1959 as the Stout) and in 1968 by the compact Hilux. With continued refinement, the Hilux (simply known as the Pickup in some markets) became famous for being extremely durable and reliable, and many of these trucks from as early as the late 1970s are still on the road today, some with over 300,000 miles. Extended- and crew-cab versions of these small haulers were eventually added, and Toyota
Toyota
continues to produce them today under various names depending on the market. Riding on the success of the compact pickups in the US, Toyota
Toyota
decided to attempt to enter the traditionally domestic-dominated full-size pickup market, introducing the T100 for the 1993 US model year, with production ending in 1998. While having a bed at the traditional full-size length of 8 feet, the suspension and engine characteristics were still similar to that of a compact pickup. It proved to be as economical and reliable as any typical Toyota
Toyota
pickup, but sales never became what Toyota
Toyota
brass had hoped for. It was criticized as being too small to appeal to the traditional American full-size pickup buyer. Another popular full-size truck essential, a V8 engine, was never available. Additionally, the truck was at first only available as a regular cab, though Toyota
Toyota
addressed this shortcoming and added the Xtracab version in mid-1995. In 1999 for the 2000 model year, Toyota
Toyota
replaced the T100 with the larger Tundra. The Tundra addressed criticisms that the T100 did not have the look and feel of a legitimate American-style full-size pickup. It also added the V8 engine that the T100 was criticized for not having. However, the Tundra still came up short in towing capacity as well as still feeling slightly carlike. These concerns were addressed with an even larger 2007 redesign. A stronger V6 and a second V8 engine among other things were added to the option list. As of early 2010, the Tundra has captured 16% of the full-size half-ton market in the US.[citation needed] The all-new Tundra was assembled in San Antonio, Texas, US. Toyota
Toyota
assembled around 150,000 Standard and Double Cabs, and only 70,000 Crew Max's in 2007. The smaller Tacoma (which traces its roots back to the original Hilux) was also produced at the company's San Antonio
San Antonio
facility. Outside the United States, Toyota
Toyota
produced the Hilux in Standard and Double Cab, gasoline and diesel engine, and 2WD and 4WD versions. The BBC's Top Gear TV show featured two episodes of a Hilux that was deemed "virtually indestructible".[183] Luxury-type vehicles[edit] Further information: List of Lexus
Lexus
vehicles

Toyota Crown
Toyota Crown
Royal

As of 2009, the company sold nine luxury-branded models under its Lexus
Lexus
division, ranging from the LS sedan to RX crossover and LX SUV.[182] Luxury-type sedans produced under the Toyota
Toyota
brand included the Century, Crown, and Crown Majesta.[182] A limited-edition model produced for the Emperor of Japan
Japan
was the Century Royal. Buses[edit]

Toyota Coaster
Toyota Coaster
bus

Toyota Coaster
Toyota Coaster
minibus

Hino Liesse
Hino Liesse
II

Hino Liesse
Hino Liesse
minibus

Pleasure boats[edit] In 1997, building on a previous partnership with Yamaha Marine, Toyota created " Toyota
Toyota
Marine"[184], building private ownership motorboats, currently sold only in Japan. A small network in Japan
Japan
sells the luxury craft at 54 locations, called the " Toyota
Toyota
Ponam" series, and in 2017, a boat was labeled under the Lexus
Lexus
brand name starting May 26, 2017.[185] Motorsports[edit] Main articles: Toyota in motorsports
Toyota in motorsports
and Toyota
Toyota
Motorsport GmbH Toyota
Toyota
has been involved in many global motorsports series. They also represent their Lexus
Lexus
brand in other sports car racing categories. Toyota
Toyota
also makes engines and other auto parts for other Japanese motorsports including Formula Nippon, Super GT, Formula 3, and Formula Toyota
Toyota
Series. Toyota
Toyota
also runs a driver development programme known as the Toyota
Toyota
Young Drivers Program, which they made for funding and educating future Japanese motorsports talent.[186] Toyota
Toyota
Motorsport GmbH, with headquarters in Cologne, Germany, has been responsible for Toyota's major motorsports development including Formula One, the World Rally Championship, the Le Mans Series, and most recently the FIA World Endurance Championship. Toyota
Toyota
enjoyed success in all these motorsports categories. In 2002, Toyota
Toyota
entered Formula One
Formula One
as a constructor and engine supplier; however, despite having experienced drivers and a larger budget than many other teams, they failed to match their success in other categories, with five second-place finishes as their best results. On November 4, 2009, Toyota
Toyota
announced they were pulling out of the sport due to the global economic situation.

Toyota's nationwide driver hunt of drivers for Etios Motor Racing Series ended up with selection of 25 drivers, who will participate in the race in 2013.[187] TRD[edit] Toyota Racing Development
Toyota Racing Development
(TRD) was brought about to help develop true high-performance racing parts for many Toyota
Toyota
vehicles. TRD has often had much success with their aftermarket tuning parts, as well as designing technology for vehicles used in all forms of racing. TRD is also responsible for Toyota's involvement in NASCAR motorsports.[citation needed] TRD also made Lexus's performance division "F-Sport". Nonautomotive activities[edit] Aerospace[edit] Toyota
Toyota
is a minority shareholder in Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation, having invested US$67.2 million in the new venture which will produce the Mitsubishi Regional Jet, slated for first deliveries in 2017.[188] Toyota
Toyota
has also studied participation in the general aviation market and contracted with Scaled Composites
Scaled Composites
to produce a proof of concept aircraft, the TAA-1, in 2002.[189][190] Philanthropy[edit]

The Toyota
Toyota
Municipal Museum of Art in Aichi, sponsored by the manufacturer

Toyota
Toyota
supports a variety of philanthropic work in areas such as education, conservation, safety, and disaster relief. Some of the organizations that Toyota
Toyota
has worked with in the US include the American Red Cross, the Boys and Girls Club, Leaders in Environmental Action for the Future (LEAF), and the National Center for Family Literacy.[191] The Toyota
Toyota
USA Foundation exists to support education in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.[192] In addition, Toyota
Toyota
works with nonprofits to improve their processes and operations such as the Food Bank For New York City.[193][194] Toyota
Toyota
also supports a variety of work in Japan.[195] The Toyota
Toyota
Foundation takes a global perspective providing grants in the three areas of human and natural environments, social welfare, and education and culture.[196] Higher education[edit] Toyota
Toyota
established the Toyota Technological Institute
Toyota Technological Institute
in 1981, as Sakichi Toyoda
Sakichi Toyoda
had planned to establish a university as soon as he and Toyota
Toyota
became successful. Toyota Technological Institute
Toyota Technological Institute
founded the Toyota Technological Institute
Toyota Technological Institute
at Chicago in 2003. Toyota
Toyota
is supporter of the Toyota
Toyota
Driving Expectations Program, Toyota
Toyota
Youth for Understanding Summer Exchange Scholarship Program, Toyota International Teacher Program, Toyota
Toyota
TAPESTRY, Toyota
Toyota
Community Scholars (scholarship for high school students), United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce Internship Program, and Toyota
Toyota
Funded Scholarship.[197] It has contributed to a number of local education and scholarship programs for the University of Kentucky, Indiana, and others.[197] Robotics[edit] Main article: Toyota
Toyota
Partner Robot

Toyota
Toyota
trumpet-playing robot

In 2004, Toyota
Toyota
showcased its trumpet-playing robot.[198] Toyota
Toyota
has been developing multitask robots destined for elderly care, manufacturing, and entertainment. A specific example of Toyota's involvement in robotics for the elderly is the Brain Machine Interface. Designed for use with wheelchairs, it "allows a person to control an electric wheelchair accurately, almost in real-time", with his or her mind.[199] The thought controls allow the wheelchair to go left, right, and forward with a delay between thought and movement of just 125 milliseconds.[199] Toyota
Toyota
also played a part in the development of Kirobo, a 'robotic astronaut'. Agricultural biotechnology[edit] Toyota
Toyota
invests in several small start-up businesses and partnerships in biotechnology, including:

P.T. Toyota
Toyota
Bio Indonesia
Indonesia
in Lampung, Indonesia Australian Afforestation Pty. Ltd. in Western Australia and Southern Australia Toyota
Toyota
Floritech Co., Ltd. in Rokkasho-Mura, Kamikita District, Aomori Prefecture Sichuan
Sichuan
Toyota
Toyota
Nitan Development Co., Ltd. in Sichuan, China Toyota
Toyota
Roof Garden Corporation in Miyoshi-Cho, Aichi
Aichi
Prefecture

Sewing machine technology[edit] Toyota
Toyota
developed an oekaki-style sewing machine called the Oekaki Renaissance, which, like others of its type, is designed to allow the user to be able to draw ideas directly onto fabric using the art of free-motion embroidery.[200] Environmental record[edit] Toyota
Toyota
has been a leader in environmentally friendly vehicle technologies, most notably the RAV4 EV
RAV4 EV
(produced from 1997 to 2003, then 2012 to present) and the Toyota Prius
Toyota Prius
(1997 to present). Toyota
Toyota
implemented its fifth Environmental Action Plan in 2005. The plan contains four major themes involving the environment and the corporation's development, design, production, and sales. The five-year plan is directed at the, "arrival of a revitalized recycling and reduction based society".[201] Toyota
Toyota
had previously released its Eco-Vehicle Assessment System (Eco-VAS) which is a systematic life cycle assessment of the effect a vehicle will have on the environment including production, usage, and disposal. The assessment includes, "... fuel efficiency, emissions and noise during vehicle use, the disposal recovery rate, the reduction of substances of environmental concern, and CO2 emissions
CO2 emissions
throughout the life cycle of the vehicle from production to disposal."[202] 2008 marks the ninth year for Toyota's Environmental Activities Grant Program which has been implemented every year since 2001. Themes of the 2008 program consist of "Global Warming Countermeasures" and "Biodiversity Conservation."[203] Since October 2006, Toyota's new Japanese-market vehicle models with automatic transmissions are equipped with an Eco Drive Indicator. The system takes into consideration rate of acceleration, engine and transmission efficiency, and speed. When the vehicle is operated in a fuel-efficient manner, the Eco Drive Indicator on the instrument panel lights up. Individual results vary depending on traffic issues, starting and stopping the vehicle, and total distance traveled, but the Eco Drive Indicator may improve fuel efficiency by as much as 4%.[204] Along with Toyota's eco-friendly objectives on production and use, the company plans to donate US$1 million and five vehicles to the Everglades National Park. The money will be used to fund environmental programs at the park. This donation is part of a program which provides US$5 million and 23 vehicles for five national parks and the National Parks Foundation.[205] However, new figures from the United States National Research Council show that the continuing hidden health costs of the auto industry to the US economy in 2005 amounted to US$56 million.[206] The United States EPA has awarded Toyota
Toyota
Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. (TEMA) with an ENERGY STAR Sustained Excellence Award in 2007, 2008, and 2009.[207][208][209] In 2016, Toyota
Toyota
was recognized as the top company on the Carbon Clean 200 list of the world's largest clean energy companies.[210] In 2007, Toyota's Corporate Average Fuel Economy
Corporate Average Fuel Economy
(CAFE) fleet average of 26.69 mpg‑US (8.81 L/100 km; 32.05 mpg‑imp) exceeded all other major manufacturers selling cars within the United States. Only Lotus Cars, which sold the Elise and Exige (powered by Toyota's 2ZZ-GE engine), did better with an average of 30.2 mpg‑US (7.8 L/100 km; 36.3 mpg‑imp).[211] Production and sales numbers[edit]

Calendar year Total Japan United States

Production Sales Production Sales Sales

1935

21

1936

1,142

1937

4,013

1938

4,615

1939

11,981

1940

14,787

1941

14,611

1942

16,302

1943

9,827

1944

12,720

1945

3,275

1946

5,821

1947

3,922

1948

6,703

1949

10,824

1950

11,706

1951

14,228

1952

42,106

1953

16,496

1954

22,713

1955

22,786

1956

46,716

1957

79,527

1958

78,856

1959

101,194

1960

154,770

1961

210,937

1962

230,350

1963

318,495

1964

425,764

1965

477,643

1966

587,539

1967

832,130

1968

1,097,405

1969

1,471,211

1970

1,609,190

1971

1,955,033

1972

2,087,133

1973

2,308,098

1974

2,114,980

1975

2,336,053

1976

2,487,851

1977

2,720,758

1978

2,929,157

1979

2,996,225

1980

3,293,344

1981

3,220,418

1982

3,144,557

1983

3,272,335

1984

3,429,249

1985

3,665,622

1986

3,660,167

1987

3,638,279

1988

3,956,697[212] 2,120,273[212]

1989

3,975,902[212] 2,308,863[212] 945,353[citation needed]

1990

4,212,373[212] 2,504,291[212] 1,058,005[citation needed]

1991

4,085,071[212] 2,355,356[212] 1,010,480[citation needed]

1992

3,931,341[212] 2,228,941[212] 1,023,641[citation needed]

1993

3,561,750[212] 2,057,848[212] 1,033,211[citation needed]

1994

3,508,456[212] 2,031,064[212] 1,088,073[citation needed]

1995

3,171,277[212] 2,060,125[212] 1,083,351[citation needed]

1996

3,410,060[212] 2,135,276[212] 1,159,718[citation needed]

1997

3,502,046[212] 2,005,949[212] 1,230,112[citation needed]

1998 5,210,000[213]

1,361,025[citation needed]

1999 5,462,000[214]

1,475,441[citation needed]

2000 5,954,723[215]

1,619,206[216]

2001 5,847,743[217]

4,046,637[217] 2,291,503[217] 1,741,254[citation needed]

2002 6,309,307[218]

4,138,873[218] 2,218,324[218] 1,756,127[219]

2003 6,826,166[220]

4,244,667[220] 2,305,635[220] 1,866,314[citation needed]

2004 7,547,177[221]

4,454,212[221] 2,387,556[221] 2,060,049[222]

2005 8,232,143[223]

4,611,076[223] 2,368,817[223] 2,260,296[citation needed]

2006 9,017,786[224]

5,085,600[224] 2,368,706[224] 2,542,524[225]

2007 9,497,754[226]

5,119,631[226] 2,261,515[226] 2,620,825[227]

2008 9,225,236[228]

4,911,861[228] 2,153,197[228] 2,217,662[229]

2009 8,150,542[230]

3,543,199[230] 1,996,174[230] 1,770,147[231]

2010 8,557,351[232] 8,418,000[233] 4,047,343[234] 2,203,849[234] 1,763,595[235]

2011 7,858,091[236]

3,483,464[236] 1,783,521[236] 1,644,661[237]

2012 9,909,440[238] 9,748,000[238] 4,420,158[238] 2,411,890[238] 2,082,504[239]

2013 10,117,274[240] 9,980,000[240] 4,290,652[240] 2,295,222[240] 2,236,042[241]

2014[242] 10,285,546 10,231,000 4,211,492 2,319,997 2,373,771[243]

2015[244] 10,083,783 10,151,000 4,035,434 2,169,469 2,499,313[citation needed]

2016[245] 10,213,486 10,175,000 4,035,186 2,231,202 2,449,630

2016[246] 10,213,486 10,175,000 4,035,186 2,231,202 2,449,630

2017[247]

2,434,515

Calendar year Production Sales Production Sales Sales

Total Japan United States

Note: Japan
Japan
production numbers 1937 to 1987.[248] Global production since 1998, global and Japanese production, Japanese sales since 2001 consolidated include Daihatsu
Daihatsu
and Hino. Citations for years 2014-2016 are for total production and sales and Japan
Japan
production and sales---U.S. sales figures are not included in these citations.

Labor problems[edit] Death from overwork[edit] On January 2, 2006, an unnamed chief engineer of the Camry Hybrid, aged 45 years, died from heart failure in his bed.[249] On February 9, 2002, Kenichi Uchino, aged 30 years, a quality control manager, collapsed then died at work.[249][250] June 2010 Chinese labour strike[edit] On June 21, 2010, a Chinese labor strike happened in Tianjin
Tianjin
Toyoda Gosei Co, Tianjin. Toyoda Gosei Co supplies parts to Tianjin
Tianjin
FAW Toyota
Toyota
Motor Co.[251] See also[edit]

Companies portal Japanese cars portal

List of Toyota
Toyota
engines List of Toyota
Toyota
manufacturing facilities List of Toyota
Toyota
transmissions List of Toyota
Toyota
vehicles Nagoya
Nagoya
Grampus, formerly the company's football club and still sponsored by them Toyota
Toyota
Verblitz, the company's rugby team Toyota
Toyota
War, a conflict between Libya and Chad which saw a heavy use of Toyota's pickup trucks. Toyota
Toyota
i-Road, a new concept car shown at March's 2013 Geneva Motor Show

Notes[edit]

^ The FY (Fiscal Year) 2017 as reported by Toyota
Toyota
is from April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2017.

References[edit]

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Toyota
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Toyota
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Reports 2008 and December Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved July 25, 2009.  ^ a b c "TMC Announces Results for December 2009 and CY2009". Toyota Motor Corporation. January 25, 2010. Retrieved May 29, 2010.  ^ "Data Center: U.S. total vehicle sales by make, Dec. & YTD". Automotive News. January 11, 2010. Retrieved May 29, 2010.  ^ "TTAC Announces The Top 3 Automakers Of 2010". The Truth About Cars. July 27, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2011.  ^ " Toyota
Toyota
Announces Sales Results for 2010" (PDF). Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation. January 24, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2011.  ^ a b " Toyota
Toyota
Announces Results for December 2010 and CY2010". Toyota Motor Corporation. January 27, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2011.  ^ " Toyota
Toyota
Reports December and 2010 Sales". USA: Toyota. January 4, 2011. Archived from the original on January 22, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2011.  ^ a b c "TMC Announces Results for December 2011 and CY2011" (Press release). Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation. January 27, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.  ^ " Toyota
Toyota
Reports December 2011 and Year-End Sales" (Press release). Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation. January 4, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.  ^ a b c d "TTMC Announces Results for December 2012 and CY2012" (Press release). January 28, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2013.  ^ "December 2012 and Year-End Sales Chart" (Press release). USA: Toyota. January 3, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2013.  ^ a b c d "TMC Announces Results for December 2013 and CY2013" (Press release). Japan: Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation. January 29, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2014.  ^ "December 2013 Sales Chart" (Press release). USA: Toyota. January 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2014.  ^ "TMC Announces Results for December 2014 and CY2014".  ^ " Toyota
Toyota
U.S. Sales Summary" (Press release). USA: Toyota. Retrieved February 14, 2015.  ^ "TMC Announces Results for December 2015 and CY2015".  ^ "TMC Announces Results for December 2016 and CY2016".  ^ "TMC Announces Results for December 2016 and CY2016".  ^ "TMC Announces Results for December 2016 and CY2016".  ^ Toyota: A history of the First 50 Years. Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation. 1988. ISBN 0-517-61777-3. , p461. ^ a b Harden, Blaine (July 13, 2008). "Japan's Killer Work Ethic". Washington Post Foreign Service. Retrieved June 29, 2017.  ^ " Nagoya
Nagoya
court rules Toyota
Toyota
employee died from overwork". The Japan Times. December 1, 2007. Retrieved June 29, 2017.  ^ "Strike halts production at Denso
Denso
plant in China". 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation.

Official website

Business data for Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corp: Reuters SEC filings

v t e

Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation

Marques

Toyota Daihatsu Lexus Hino Leahead1 Ranz2 Subaru3

Former marques

Scion

Subsidiaries

Calty Design Research Central Motors Hino Motors Kanto Auto Works Toyota
Toyota
Australia Toyota
Toyota
Central R&D Labs Toyota
Toyota
Financial Services Toyota
Toyota
Manufacturing UK Toyota
Toyota
(GB) PLC Toyota
Toyota
Motor Europe Toyota
Toyota
Motor Manufacturing Canada Toyota
Toyota
Motor Manufacturing France Toyota
Toyota
Motor Manufacturing Turkey Toyota
Toyota
Motor North America Toyota
Toyota
Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America Toyota
Toyota
Motor Philippines Toyota
Toyota
Motor Thailand Toyota
Toyota
Motorsport GmbH

Joint ventures

WiLL GAC Toyota
GAC Toyota
(50%) Indus Motors Company Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor
Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor
(50%) Toyota
Toyota
Kirloskar Motor Toyota
Toyota
Peugeot
Peugeot
Citroën
Citroën
Automobile Czech UMW Toyota
Toyota
Motor (49%)

Current models

Cars

86 Agya Allion Auris Aurion Avalon Avensis Aygo Camry

Camry Hybrid

Century Corolla

Corolla Altis Corolla Axio Corolla Fielder Corolla iM

Crown

Crown Majesta

Etios JPN Taxi Mark X Mirai Passo Pixis Epoch Pixis Joy Pixis Mega Premio Porte Prius

Prius Plug-in Hybrid Prius c

Probox Roomy Succeed Tank Verso Vios Vitz Yaris

Yaris iA

Pickup trucks/Utilities

Hilux

Hilux Vigo Hilux Revo

Land Cruiser 79 Series Pixis Truck Tacoma Tundra

SUVs/Crossovers

4Runner C-HR Fortuner Harrier

Harrier Hybrid

Highlander Kluger

Highlander Hybrid Kluger Hybrid

Land Cruiser 200 Land Cruiser Prado Land Cruiser 74 Series Land Cruiser 76 Series Land Cruiser 78 Series RAV4 Rush Sequoia

Vans

Alphard Avanza Calya Esquire Estima

Estima Hybrid

HiAce Innova

Kijang Innova

LiteAce Noah Pixis Van Previa Prius v/Prius +/Prius α ProAce Sienna Sienta TownAce Voxy

Commercial trucks

Dyna ToyoAce Type 73 Medium Truck

Buses

Coaster

Discontinued models

1000 1900 2000 2000GT AA AB AC AE Allex Altezza (Gita) Aristo Avensis Verso BA Bandeirante bB Belta Blade Blizzard Brevis Briska Caldina Cami Camry Coupe Camry Station wagon Camry Solara Carina Carina E Carina ED Carina FF Carina Surf Carina II Celica Celica Camry Celica Supra Celica XX Celsior Chaser Classic Comfort Corolla Ceres Corolla II Corolla Levin Corolla Rumion Corolla Spacio Corolla Sprinter Corolla SR5 Corolla Verso Corolla Tercel Corona Corona Absolute Corona Exsior Corona EXiV Corona Mark II Corona SF Corsa Cressida Cresta Crown Comfort Crown Sedan Curren Cynos DA Duet Echo FA FJ40 FJ Cruiser Fun Cargo Gaia Grand Hiace Granvia Hilux Surf Ipsum

Nadia Picnic

iQ Isis ist Kijang Lexcen Light Stout Macho Mark II Mark II Blit Mark II Qualis Mark X ZiO Master MasterAce Matrix Mega Cruiser MiniAce Model F MR2 MR-S Opa Origin Paseo Pixis Space Platz Progrès Pronard Publica Quick Delivery Ractis Raum Regius Revo RH RK RR SA Sai SB Scepter SD Sera SF SG Soarer Solara Soluna Space Cruiser Sparky Sports 800 SportsVan Sprinter Sprinter Carib Sprinter Cielo Sprinter Marino Sprinter Trueno Stallion Starlet Stout Su-Ki SunChaser Super Supra T100 Tamaraw Tercel Tiara Urban Cruiser Van VanWagon Venza Verossa Verso-S Vienta Vista Voltz Windom WISH Yaris Verso Zelas

Concepts and prototypes

1957 Sports 4500GT A-BAT Alessandro Volta Auris HSD Full Hybrid Concept Avalon AXV-II Toyota
Toyota
AXV-III AXV-IV CAL-1 Camry TS-01 Celica Cruising Deck Celica XYR Century GT45 C-HR concept Corona 1500S Convertible Corona 1900S Sporty Sedan Corona Sports Coupe Crown Convertible CS&S CX-80 DMT Dream Car Dream Car Model eCom Electronics Car ES3 EX-I EX-II EX-III EX-7 EX-11 F101 F110 F1/Ultimate Celica F3R FCHV Fine-N Fine-S Fine-X FSC FT-1 FT-86 FT-CH FT-EV FT-HS FT-SX FTX FX-1 FXV FXV-II FXS GTV HC-CV Hybrid X i-foot i-real i-swing i-unit Marinetta Marinetta 10 Motor Triathlon Race Car MP-1 NLSV PM Pod Prius c
Prius c
Concept Prius Custom Plus Concept Project Go Publica Sports RiN RSC RV-1 RV-2 RV-5 Sport Sportivo Coupe Sports 800 Gas Turbine Hybrid Sports X Street Affair SV-1 SV-2 SV-3 TAC3 VM180 Zagato Winglet X X-Runner

Motorsports

Formula Toyota Tom's Toyota
Toyota
Finance 86 Championship Toyota
Toyota
Team Australia Toyota
Toyota
Team Europe Toyota
Toyota
Racing

Other

Toyota
Toyota
Group Engines Transmissions Manufacturing facilities Hybrid Synergy Drive Toyota Racing
Toyota Racing
Development Model codes G-Book
G-Book
telematics Entune Telematics TTC Toyota
Toyota
flower

1A brand of GAC Toyota 2A brand of Sichuan
Sichuan
FAW Toyota
Toyota
Motor 3 Toyota
Toyota
holds a 16.1% stake in Subaru's parent company Subaru Corporation

Category Commons

Toyota
Toyota
Navigational boxes

v t e

Toyopet
Toyopet
/ Toyota
Toyota
road car timeline, Japan
Japan
market, 1980–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

Model year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Subcompact

Starlet KP60 Starlet KP70 Starlet KP80 Vitz XP10 Vitz XP90 Vitz XP130

Starlet KP90

ist XP60 ist XP110

Corolla II L20 Corolla II L30 Corolla II L40 Corolla II L50 Platz Belta

Corsa L20 Corsa L30 Corsa L40 Corsa L50

Corolla FX E80 Corolla FX E90 Corolla FX E100

Corolla RunX Auris E150 Auris E180

Sprinter E70 Sprinter E80 Sprinter E90

Allex Blade

Sprinter Trueno E80

Sprinter Marino

Corolla E70 Corolla E80 Corolla E90

Corolla Levin E70 Corolla Levin E80 Corolla Levin E90

Subcompact Wagon/Van Corolla E70

Funcargo Ractis XP100 Ractis XP120

bB bB

Compact

Corolla E100 Corolla E110 Corolla E120 Corolla E140 Corolla E160

Corona T130 Corona T150 Corona T170 Corona T190 Corona T210 Corona Premio Premio

Corona EXIV Corona EXIV

Cynos Cynos

Celica Camry A40 Camry V10 Camry V20 Camry V30 Camry V40

Avensis Avensis

Vista V10 Vista V20 Vista V30 Vista V40 Vista V50

Compact luxury

Altezza

Progress

Brevis

Compact Wagon/VAN

Altezza Ghita

Corolla E100

Voltz

Carina Surf Caldina T190 Caldina T210 Caldina T240

Mid-size car

Camry XV20 Camry XV30 Camry XV40

Scepter

Windom XV10 Windom XV20 Windom XV30

Aristo S140 Aristo S160 Mark X X120 Mark X X130

Mark II X60 Mark II X70 Mark II X80 Mark II X90 Mark II X100 Mark II X110

Mid-size sport Chaser X60 Chaser X70 Chaser X80 Chaser X90 Chaser X100 Verossa X110

Mid-size luxury Cresta X60 Cresta X70 Cresta X80 Cresta X90 Cresta X100

Mid-size wagon Mark II X60 Mark II X70 Mark II Qualis XV20 Mark II Blit X110 Mark X Zio AA10

Camry Gracia XV20

Full-size Crown S110 Crown S120 Crown S130 Crown S130/S140 Crown S150 Crown S170 Crown S180 Crown S200 Crown S210

Celsior XF10 Celsior XF20 Celsior XF30

Hybrid

Prius XW10 Prius XW11 Prius XW20 Prius XW30 Prius XW50

Flagship car Century G35 Century G40 Century G50

Sport compact Celica A40 Celica A60 Celica T160 Celica T180 Celica T200 Celica T230

Carina A40 Carina A60

Cavalier

Carina T150 Carina T170 Carina T190 Carina T210 Allion T240 Allion T260

Carina ED T160 Carina ED T180 Carina ED T200

Sports

Soarer Z10 Soarer Z20 Soarer Z30 Soarer Z40

Celica XX A40 Celica XX A60 Supra A70 Supra A80

Roadster

MR2 W10

MR2 W20

MR-S W30

Limited edition

Sera Classic Origin

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« previous — Toyota
Toyota
road car timeline, North American market, 1980s–present (model years)

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

Model year 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Subcompact Tercel Tercel Tercel Tercel Tercel

Echo

Yaris Sedan

Yaris iA

Yaris Liftback Yaris Liftback

Starlet

Corolla FX

Prius c

Corolla Corolla

Compact

Corolla Corolla Corolla Corolla Corolla Corolla

Matrix Matrix

Corolla iM

Corona Camry Camry

Prius

Mid-size

Prius Prius Prius

Cressida Cressida Cressida Cressida

Camry Solara Camry Solara

Prius v

Camry Camry Camry Camry Camry Camry

Mirai

Full-size

Avalon Avalon Avalon Avalon

Sport compact

Corolla GT-S/SR5

Celica Celica Celica Celica Celica Celica

Paseo Paseo

Sports car Celica Supra Celica Supra

86

Supra Supra

MR2

MR2

MR2 Spyder

v t e

Toyota
Toyota
light truck timeline, North American market, 1980s–present (model years)

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Subcompact crossover

RAV4 RAV4

C-HR

Compact crossover

RAV4 RAV4

Mid-size crossover

Highlander Highlander Highlander

Venza

Compact SUV

4Runner 4Runner 4Runner

Mid-size SUV

4Runner 4Runner

FJ Cruiser

Land Cruiser Land Cruiser Land Cruiser Land Cruiser

Full-size SUV

Sequoia Sequoia

Minivan

Van

Previa Sienna Sienna Sienna

Pickup Pickup Pickup Pickup Tacoma Tacoma Tacoma

T100

Tundra Tundra

v t e

« previous — Toyota
Toyota
road cars timeline, 1985–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

Calendar year 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Subcompact car Starlet P70 Starlet P80 Vitz XP10 Vitz XP90 Vitz XP130

Starlet P90

Tercel, Corolla II, Corsa L20 Tercel, Corolla II, Corsa L30 Tercel, Corolla II, Corsa L40 Tercel, Corolla II, Corsa L50

Platz XP10 Belta XP90 Vios XP150

FunCargo XP20 Ractis XP100 Ractis Verso-S XP120

bB XP30 bB QNC2x

ist XP60 ist XP110

iQ

Aygo AB10 Aygo AB40

Subcompact SUV

C-HR

Compact car Corolla, Sprinter E80 Corolla, Sprinter E90 Corolla, Sprinter E100 Corolla, Sprinter E110 Corolla E120/130 Corolla E140/150 Corolla E160/170

Cynos L40 Cynos L50

Compact luxury car

Altezza XE10

Progrès XG10

Brevis XG10

Compact wagon

Altezza Gita XE10

Voltz E130 Voltz E140

Carina Surf T150 Carina Surf T170 Caldina T190 Caldina T210 Caldina T240

Mid-size car Corona T150 Corona T170 Corona T190 Corona T210 Premio T240 Premio T260

Corona EXIV T180 Corona EXIV T200

Avensis T220 Avensis T250 Avensis T270

Camry, Vista V10 Camry, Vista V20 Camry, Vista V30 Camry, Vista V40 Camry, Vista V50

Scepter, Camry XV10 Camry XV20 Camry XV30 Camry XV40 Camry XV50 Camry XV70

Windom XV10 Windom XV20 Windom XV30

Aristo S147 Aristo S160

Mark II, Cressida, Chaser, Cresta X70 Mark II, Cressida, Chaser, Cresta X80 Mark II, Chaser, Cresta X90 Mark II, Chaser, Cresta X100 Mark II, Verossa X110 Mark X X120 Mark X X130

Mid-size wagon

Mark II Qualis XV20 Mark II Blit X110 Mark X Zio AA10

Camry Gracia XV20

Full-size car

Avalon XX10 Avalon XX20 Avalon XX30 Avalon XX40

Crown S120 Crown S130 Crown S130/S140 Crown S150 Crown S170 Crown S180 Crown S200 Crown S210

Celsior XF10 Celsior XF20 Celsior XF30

Hybrid car

Prius XW10 Prius XW11 Prius XW20 Prius XW30 Prius XW40

Limousine Century G40 Century G50

Sport compact
Sport compact
car Celica A60 Celica T160 Celica T180 Celica T200 Celica T230

Carina A60

Cavalier

Carina T150 Carina T170 Carina T190 Carina T210 Allion T240 Allion T260

Carina ED T160 Carina ED T180 Carina ED T200

Sports car Soarer Z10 Soarer Z20 Soarer Z30 Soarer Z40

Celica Supra A60 Supra A70 Supra A80

86 ZN6

Roadster MR2 W10/11

MR2 W20

MR-S W30

Limited edition

Toyota Sera
Toyota Sera
XY10 Toyota Classic
Toyota Classic
N80 Toyota Origin
Toyota Origin
XG10

v t e

Lexus, a division of Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation, vehicle production timeline

Type Line

1990s 2000s 2010s

9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Compact CT

A10

IS

XE10 XE20 XE30

HS

ANF10

Mid-size ES

V20 XV10 XV20 XV30 XV40 XV60

GS

S140 S160 S190 L10

Full-size LS

XF10 XF20 XF30 XF40 XF50

Crossover UX

NX

AZ10

RX

XU10 XU30 AL10 AL20

SUV GX

J120 J150

LX

J80 J100 J200

Coupé RC

XC10

SC

Z30 Z40

LC

Z100

LFA

LFA

v t e

Panasonic
Panasonic
Toyota
Toyota
Racing

Personnel Tadashi Yamashina John Howett Pascal Vasselon Ove Andersson Tsutomu Tomita

Noted drivers Timo Glock Kamui Kobayashi Cristiano da Matta Allan McNish Olivier Panis Mika Salo Ralf Schumacher Jarno Trulli Ricardo Zonta

Formula One
Formula One
cars TF101 TF102 TF103 TF104 TF104B TF105 TF105B TF106 TF106B TF107 TF108 TF109 TF110

v t e

Toyota
Toyota
sportscar racers (1968–present)

Group 7 (1968–1970)

7

Group 5 (1977–1982)

Celica LB Turbo TOM'S
TOM'S
Corolla G5 Dome Celica Turbo

Group C
Group C
(1983–1993)

TOM'S
TOM'S
Celica C 82C 83C 84C 85C 86C 87C 88C 88C-V 89C-V 90C-V 91C-V 92C-V TS010 93C-V

IMSA GTP (1988–1993)

Mk. I 88C HF89 MkIII

GT1 / LMGTP / LMP (1994–)

94C-V TOM'S
TOM'S
LMP GT-One (TS020) TS030 Hybrid TS040 Hybrid TS050 Hybrid

v t e

Automotive industry
Automotive industry
in Japan

Automotive industry
Automotive industry
in Japan Economy of Japan Transport in Japan

Companies

Vehicle producers

ASL Duesen Bayern Subaru
Subaru
Corporation

Blitzen Subaru

Honda

Acura

Isuzu Kawasaki

Kawasaki Motorcycle & Engine

Mazda

Amati Autozam Ẽfini Eunos M2 Xedos

Mitsubishi Group

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Mitsubishi Motors
Mitsubishi Motors
(66%) Mitsubishi Fuso (10.71%)

Mitsuoka Nissan

Cony Datsun Infiniti Kurogane Ohta Otomo Prince Shatai Tama

Suzuki

Hope

Toyota

Daihatsu Scion Lexus Hino WiLL

UD Trucks Yamaha

Shin Meiwa

Active Factories

Toyota
Toyota
Factories

Defunct Factories

-

Components

Aisin Seiki Akebono Brake Bridgestone Calsonic Kansei Clarion Denso Fujitsu
Fujitsu
Ten GS Yuasa Hitachi HKS IHI Corporation Jatco JECS JTEKT Kawasaki Kayaba Industry Mabuchi Motor Mikuni Mitsuba Corporation NGK NHK Spring Nidec Nisshinbo Nissin Kogyo NSK NTN Corporation Sumitomo Riko Sumitomo Rubber Industries Takata Corporation Tokico Topy Industries Toyo Tire & Rubber Company Toyota
Toyota
Boshoku Tsubakimoto Chain Yanmar Yazaki Corporation Yokohama Rubber Company Zexel

Motorsport and tuners

5Zigen A'PEXi Autech Blitz Car Make T&E Dome Enkei GReddy HKS Impul JUN Auto Kojima Mazdaspeed Mine's Mugen Motorsports Nismo Rauh-Welt Begriff Rays Engineering RE Amemiya RS Watanabe SARD Spoon Sports Subaru
Subaru
Tecnica International Tanabe

Speed Star Racing

Tein Toda Racing Tomei Tommykaira Top Secret TOM'S Toyota Racing
Toyota Racing
Development Veilside WALD International WedsSport Yashio Factory

Services

Autobacs Seven Yanase Imported Cars

Related topics

Japan
Japan
Automobile Manufacturers Association Tokyo Motor Show Tokyo Auto Salon Used vehicle exporting J-NCAP National Highway Expressways

Category Portal Note: defunct companies and marques above are shown in italics

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Bus manufacturing
Bus manufacturing
companies of Asia

Active

Ankai Ashok Leyland BharatBenz Bonluck Bus BYD Auto Daewoo Bus(Zyle Daewoo bus) Eicher Motors Force Foton Ganja Auto Plant Gemilang Coachworks Ghandhara GAG Bus HICOM AM Hindustan Huanghai Bus Hyundai Motor Group

Hyundai Kia(Granbird)

Fujian Motors Group

King Long Xiamen Golden Dragon Higer Bus

Iran Khodro Diesel Isuzu JAC Mahindra

Mahindra Navistar SsangYong

Master Mitsubishi Fuso Mudan Nissan Saipa Diesel SHL Coach Sunlong Bus Swaraj Mazda Tata

Tata Daewoo Tata Marcopolo

Toyota

Hino Hinopak

UD Trucks Zhongtong Bus

Defunct

BakAZ Changzhou Changjiang FHI Ghandhara Nissan Samsung

v t e

Nikkei 225
Nikkei 225
companies of Japan

7&i Advantest ÆON AGC Ajinomoto Alps ANA Amada Aozora Bank Asahi Breweries Asahi Kasei Astellas Bridgestone Canon Casio Chiba Bank Chiyoda Chuden Chugai Citizen Comsys Concordia Financial Credit Saison Dai-ichi Life Daiichi Sankyo Daikin Dainippon Screen Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Daiwa House Daiwa Securities Denka Denso Dentsu DNP Dowa Ebara Eisai Fanuc Fast Retailing Fuji Electric Fuji Heavy Industries Fujifilm Fujikura Fujitsu Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Financial Furukawa Co., Ltd. Furukawa Electric GS Yuasa Heiwa Real Estate Hino Hitachi Hitachi
Hitachi
Construction Machinery Hitz Hokuetsu Paper Honda IHI INPEX Isetan-Mitsukoshi Isuzu Itochu JFE J. Front Retailing JGC JR Central JR East JR West JSW JT JTEKT JXTG Kajima KEPCO Kao Kawasaki KDDI Keio Keisei Kikkoman Kirin K Line Kobelco Komatsu Konami Konica Minolta Kubota Kuraray Kyocera Kyowa Hakko Kirin Marubeni Maruha Nichiro Marui Matsui Securities Mazda Meidensha Meiji Holdings MES Minebea Mitsubishi Chemical Mitsubishi Corporation Mitsubishi Electric Mitsubishi Estate Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Mitsubishi Logistics Mitsubishi Materials Mitsubishi Motors Mitsui
Mitsui
& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
Chemicals Mitsui
Mitsui
Fudosan Mitsui
Mitsui
Kinzoku Mitsumi Electric Mizuho MOL MS&AD MUFG NEC NEG NGK Nichirei Nikon Nippon Express Nippon Kayaku Nippon Light Metal Nippon Ham Nippon Paper Industries Nippon Soda Nippon Suisan Nissan Nissan Chemical Nisshin Seifun Nisshin Steel Nisshinbo Nittobo Nitto Denko Sompo Japan
Japan
Nipponkoa Holdings Nomura NSG NSK NSSMC NTN NTT NTT Data NTT DoCoMo NYK Obayashi Odakyu Oji Holdings Corporation OKI Okuma Olympus Osaka Gas Pacific Metals Panasonic Pioneer Resona Ricoh Sapporo Holdings Secom Sekisui House Sharp Shimz Shin-Etsu Shinsei Bank Shionogi Shiseido Shizuoka Bank Showa Denko Showa Shell SKY Perfect JSAT SoftBank Sojitz Sony Sony
Sony
Financial SUMCO Sumitomo Chemical Sumitomo Corporation Sumitomo Electric Sumitomo Heavy Industries Sumitomo Metal Mining Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Financial Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Trust Sumitomo Osaka Cement Sumitomo Realty Suzuki T&D Taiheiyo Cement Taisei Taiyo Yuden Takara Takashimaya Takeda TDK Teijin TEPCO Terumo Tobu Toho Toho
Toho
Zinc Tokai Carbon Tokuyama Corporation Toyo Seikan Tokio Marine Tokyo Dome Tokyo Electron Tokyo Gas Tokyo Tatemono Tokyu Tokyu Land Toppan Toray Toshiba Tosoh Toto Toyobo Toyota Toyota
Toyota
Tsusho Trend Micro Ube Unitika Uny Yahoo! Japan Yamaha Yamato Transport Yasakawa Yokogawa Electric Yokohama Rubber

v t e

TOPIX 100 companies of Japan

Core 30

7&i Astellas Canon Denso FANUC Hitachi Honda JR Central JR East JT KDDI Mitsubishi Corporation Mitsubishi Estate Mitsui
Mitsui
& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
Fudosan Mizuho MUFG Murata Nissan Nomura NTT NTT DoCoMo Panasonic Shin-Etsu SoftBank Sony Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Financial Takeda Tokio Marine Toyota

Large 70

ÆON Ajinomoto ANA Asahi Breweries Asahi Kasei Bridgestone Chubu Electric Power Concordia Financial Dai-ichi Life Daiichi Sankyo Daikin Daito Trust Construction Daiwa House Daiwa Securities Eisai Fast Retailing Fujifilm Fuji Heavy Industries Fujitsu Hoya INPEX Isuzu Itochu Japan
Japan
Airlines JR West JFE JXTG Kao KEPCO Keyence Kirin Komatsu Kubota Kyocera Marubeni Mazda Mitsubishi Chemical Mitsubishi Electric Mitsubishi Heavy Industries MS&AD Nidec Nintendo Nitto Denko NSSMC Ono Pharmaceutical Oriental Land Orix Osaka Gas Otsuka Pharmaceutical Rakuten Resona Secom Sekisui House Shionogi Shiseido SMC Sompo Holdings Sumitomo Corporation Sumitomo Electric Sumitomo Metal Mining Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Trust Sumitomo Realty Suzuki T&D Holdings Tokyo Electron Tokyo Gas Toray Toshiba Unicharm Yamato Transport

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153304083 ISNI: 0000 0000 9175 1993 GND: 136030-9 SUDOC: 029939070 BNF: cb12145829k (d

.