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The Toyota
Toyota
Mirai (from mirai (未来), Japanese for "future") is a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle manufactured by Toyota, one of the first such vehicles to be sold commercially.[6][7] The Mirai was unveiled at the November 2014 Los Angeles Auto Show.[8] As of December 2017[update], global sales totaled 5,300 Mirais. The top selling markets were the U.S. with 2,900 units, Japan with 2,100 and Europe with 200.[9] Under the United States Environmental Protection Agency
United States Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) cycle, the 2016 model year Mirai has a total range of 502 km (312 mi) on a full tank, with a combined city/highway fuel economy rating of 66 mpg‑US (3.6 L/100 km; 79 mpg‑imp) equivalent (MPG-equivalent), making the Mirai the most fuel efficient hydrogen fuel cell vehicle rated by the EPA, and the one with the largest range.[5] Sales in Japan began on 15 December 2014 at a price of ¥6.7 million (~US$57,400) at Toyota
Toyota
Store and Toyopet Store locations. The Japanese government plans to support the commercialization of fuel-cell vehicles with a subsidy of ¥2 million (~US$19,600).[10] Retail sales in the U.S. began in August 2015 at a price of US$57,500 before any government incentives. Deliveries to retail customers began in California
California
in October 2015.[11] Toyota
Toyota
scheduled to release the Mirai in the Northeastern States
Northeastern States
in the first half of 2016.[12] As of June 2016[update], the Mirai is available for retail sales in the UK, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, and Norway.[13] Pricing in Germany starts at €60,000 (~US$75,140) plus VAT
VAT
(€78,540).[14]

Contents

1 History

1.1 FCV concept 1.2 Timeline 1.3 Testing

2 Specifications

2.1 Fuel economy and range 2.2 Fuel cell
Fuel cell
stack 2.3 High-pressure hydrogen tanks 2.4 Electric traction motor and battery 2.5 Safety

3 Infrastructure 4 Production 5 Markets and sales

5.1 Japan 5.2 United States 5.3 Canada 5.4 Europe

6 Recognition 7 Marketing 8 Recalls 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

FCV concept[edit] The Mirai is based on the Toyota
Toyota
FCV-R (Fuel Cell Vehicle) concept car, which was unveiled at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show[15][16] and the Toyota
Toyota
FCV (Fuel Cell Vehicle) concept car, which was unveiled at the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show.[17] The unveiled FCV concept was a bright blue sedan shaped like a drop of water "to emphasize that water is the only substance that hydrogen-powered cars emit from their tailpipes." The FCV has a large grille and other openings to allow cooling air and oxygen intake for use by the fuel cell. According to Toyota, the FCV concept is close in appearance to the expected production version of the car.[18] The FCV size is similar to the Toyota
Toyota
Camry.[19] The FCV range is expected to be approximately 700 km (430 mi) under Japan's JC08 test cycle.[20]

Toyota
Toyota
FCV concept car

According to Toyota, the FCV features a fuel cell system with an output power density of 3.0 kW/L, which is twice as high as that of its previous fuel cell concept, the Toyota
Toyota
FCHV-adv, delivering an output power of more than 100 kW, despite significant unit downsizing. The FCV uses Toyota's proprietary, small, light-weight fuel cell stack and two 70 MPa
MPa
high-pressure hydrogen tanks placed beneath the specially designed body. The Toyota
Toyota
FCV concept can accommodate up to four occupants. For the full-scale market launch in 2015, the cost of the fuel cell system is expected to be 95% lower than that of the 2008 Toyota
Toyota
FCHV-adv.[21] The FCV concept also uses portions of Toyota's Hybrid Synergy Drive technology including the electric motor, power control unit and other parts and components from its hybrid vehicles to improve reliability and minimize cost.[21] The hybrid technology is also used to work together with the fuel cell. At low speeds such as city driving, the FCV runs just like any all-electric car by using the energy stored in its battery, which is charged through regenerative braking. At higher speeds, the hydrogen fuel cell alone powers the electric motor. When more power is needed, for example during sudden acceleration, the battery supports the fuel cell system as both work together to provide propulsion.[22] In June 2014 Toyota
Toyota
showcased an FCV with an exterior design close to production, and announced details about pricing in Japan and set a domestic market launch before April 2015 with initial sales limited to regions where hydrogen refueling infrastructure is being developed.[23] Timeline[edit]

Toyota
Toyota
FCHV-adv SUV

1992: Toyota
Toyota
starts development of FCV technology.[20] 1996: The EVS13, an FCV with a metal hydride hydrogen tank, takes part in a parade in Osaka.[20] 2001: Toyota
Toyota
shows the FCHV-4, FCHV-5, and Daihatsu
Daihatsu
MOVE FCV-K-II fuel-cell cars at the Tokyo Motor Show.[24] 2002: The Highlander-based FCHV
FCHV
is available for limited sales in the U.S. and Japan. The fuel-cell stack outputs 90 kW. The cruising range is 300 km (185 miles). Two FCHVs are delivered to the Irvine and Davis campuses of University of California, four go to government departments in Japan.[25] 2003: Toyota
Toyota
and Daihatsu
Daihatsu
begin road testing of the MOVE FCV-K-II, a fuel-cell Kei car.[26] 2005: FCHV
FCHV
receives type certification in Japan.[20] 2008: The FCHV-adv has increased range of 830 km (515 miles) for the 10-15 test cycle and better cold start capabilities.[20] 2009: U.S. government drops funding for hydrogen fuel-cell cars.[27][28] 2010: A Toyota/Hino FCHV
FCHV
Bus services daily commercial routes between Tokyo’s Haneda Airport
Haneda Airport
and the city center.[29][30] 2011: Satoshi Ogiso, deputy chief officer Product Planning Group, declares all technical problems as solved, says “the only remaining real issue that stands in the way of fuel-cell electric vehicles is mass production cost.”[31] 2011: Toyota
Toyota
shows an FCV concept vehicle, dubbed "FCV-R," at the Tokyo Motor Show.[15][16] 2012: Toyota
Toyota
Chairman Takeshi Uchiyamada says: “The current capabilities of electric vehicles do not meet society’s needs, whether it may be the distance the cars can run, or the costs, or how it takes a long time to charge.”[32] 2013: Reporters drive test mules of the fuel cell vehicle. Toyota demonstrates that fueling takes less than three minutes.[33]

Toyota
Toyota
fuel cell test mule fueling hydrogen in Tokyo.

2013: Toyota
Toyota
shows FCV sedan at Tokyo Motor Show.[17][34] June 2014: Toyota
Toyota
shows close-to-production FCV to the press. Announces early 2015 availability in Japan at around ¥7,000,000.[35] November 2014: Toyota
Toyota
launches a press release and photos detailing the production version of the fuel cell vehicle. Also announced is the official model name of Mirai which means "future".[36] April 2015: The Mirai was the first hydrogen fuel cell vehicle to pace a NASCAR
NASCAR
race at the Toyota
Toyota
Owners 400 at Richmond, US.[citation needed] June 2015: The Mirai was the pace car at the Toyota/Save Mart 350
Toyota/Save Mart 350
at Sonoma, US. October 21, 2015: Start sale and deliver in California, the same day to which the fusion-powered flying car in the film Back to the Future Part II time-travelled.[37]

Testing[edit] Toyota
Toyota
began fuel cell development in Japan in the early 1990s and has developed a series of fuel cell vehicles, subjecting them to more than 1,600,000 km (1,000,000 miles) of road testing. Since 2012, fuel cell test vehicles have logged thousands of miles on North American roads. This includes hot testing in Death Valley, cold testing in Yellowknife, Canada, steep grade hill climbs in San Francisco and high altitude trips in Colorado. The Toyota-designed carbon fiber hydrogen tanks have also undergone extreme testing to ensure their strength and durability in a crash.[38] Between September 2015 and February 2016, one Mirai was driven 100,000 km (62,000 miles) in 107 days on different roads in Hamburg, using just over one tonne of hydrogen.[39] Toyota
Toyota
started testing two Mirai fuel cells in an electric Class 8 semi-trailer truck in the Port of Los Angeles
Port of Los Angeles
in 2017 as part of Project Portal.[40] Specifications[edit]

Mirai cutaway showing the power control unit and the electric traction motor in the front, the fuel cell stack and hydrogen storage tank in the middle, and the nickel–metal hydride rechargeable battery above in the rear.

The Mirai uses the Toyota
Toyota
Fuel Cell System (TFCS), which features both fuel cell technology and hybrid technology, and includes proprietary Toyota-developed components including the fuel cell (FC) stack, FC boost converter, and high-pressure hydrogen tanks. The TFCS is more energy-efficient than internal combustion engines[clarification needed] and emits no CO2 at the point of operation or substances of concern (SOCs) when driven. The system accelerates Mirai from 0 to 97 km/h (0 to 60 mph) in 9.0 seconds and delivers a passing time of 3 seconds from 40 to 64 km/h (25 to 40 mph). The Mirai refueling takes between 3 and 5 minutes, and Toyota
Toyota
expected a total range of 480 km (300 miles) on a full tank.[38] The Mirai has a button labeled  H2O that opens a gate at the rear, dumping the water vapor that forms from the hydrogen-oxygen reaction in the fuel cell.[3] The exhaust  H2O or water volume is 240 mL per 4 km running.[41] Fuel economy and range[edit] Under the United States Environmental Protection Agency
United States Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) cycle, the 2016 model year Mirai has a range of 502 km (312 mi) on a full tank, with a combined city/highway fuel economy rating of 66 mpg‑US (3.6 L/100 km; 79 mpg‑imp) equivalent (MPG-equivalent).[5] The following table compares the Mirai with other FCVs available for leasing in California
California
as of November 2016[update].[5]

Comparison of fuel economy expressed in MPGe for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles available for leasing in California
California
and rated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as of August 2015[update][5]

Vehicle Model year Combined fuel economy City fuel economy Highway fuel economy Range Annual fuel cost

Honda Clarity Fuel Cell 2017 67 mpg-e 68 mpg-e 66 mpg-e 366 mi (589 km) US$1,250

Toyota
Toyota
Mirai 2016-17 66 mpg-e 66 mpg-e 66 mpg-e 312 mi (502 km) US$1,250

Honda FCX Clarity 2014 59 mpg-e 58 mpg-e 60 mpg-e 231 mi (372 km) NA

Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell 2017 49 mpg-e 48 mpg-e 50 mpg-e 265 mi (426 km) US$1,700

Notes: One kg of hydrogen is roughly equivalent to one U.S. gallon of gasoline.

Fuel cell
Fuel cell
stack[edit]

Mirai's fuel cell stack

Mirai's high-pressure hydrogen tank and rechargeable battery pack on top

The new Toyota
Toyota
FC Stack achieves a maximum output of 114 kW (153 hp). Electricity generation efficiency has been enhanced through the use of 3D fine mesh flow channels. These channels—a world first, according to Toyota—are arranged in a fine three-dimensional lattice structure and enhance the dispersion of air (oxygen), thereby enabling uniform generation of electricity on cell surfaces. This, in turn, provides a compact size and a high level of performance, including the stack’s world-leading power output density of 3.1 kW/L (2.2 times higher than that of the previous Toyota
Toyota
FCHV-adv limited-lease model), or 2.0 kW/kg. Each stack comprises 370 (single-line stacking) cells, with a cell thickness of 1.34 mm and weight of 102 g. The compact Mirai FC stack generates about 160 times more power than the residential fuel cells on sale in Japan.[38] The Mirai has a new compact (13-liter), high-efficiency, high-capacity converter developed to boost voltage generated in the Toyota
Toyota
FC Stack to 650 volts.[38] High-pressure hydrogen tanks[edit] The Mirai has two hydrogen tanks with a three-layer structure made of carbon fiber-reinforced plastic consisting of nylon 6 from Ube Industries[42] and other materials. The tanks store hydrogen at 70  MPa
MPa
(10,000 psi). The tanks have a combined weight 87.5 kg (193 lb).[2][38] and 5 kg capacity. Electric traction motor and battery[edit] Toyota's latest generation hybrid components were used extensively in the fuel cell powertrain, including the electric motor, power control and main battery. The electric traction motor delivers 113 kilowatts (152 hp) and 335 N⋅m (247 lbf⋅ft) of torque. The Mirai has a 245V (1.6 kWh) sealed nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) traction rechargeable battery pack, similar to the one used in the Toyota
Toyota
Camry hybrid.[3][4][38] Safety[edit]

Mirai instrument panel

At Toyota’s Higashi-Fuji Technical Center, the Mirai has been subjected to extensive crash testing to evaluate a design specifically intended to address frontal, side and rear impacts and to provide excellent protection of vehicle occupants. A high level of collision safety has also been achieved to help protect the fuel cell stack and high-pressure tanks against body deformation. The high pressure hydrogen tanks have excellent hydrogen permeation prevention performance, strength, and durability. Hydrogen
Hydrogen
sensors provide warnings and can shut off tank main stop valves. The hydrogen tanks and other hydrogen-related parts are located outside the cabin to ensure that if hydrogen leaks, it will dissipate easily. The vehicle structure is enhanced with carbon-fiber-reinforced polymers from Toray[43] and designed to disperse and absorb impact energy across multiple parts to ensure a high-impact safety performance that protects the Toyota
Toyota
FC Stack and high-pressure hydrogen tanks during frontal, side or rear impacts.[38] Infrastructure[edit]

The Saratoga, California, True Zero hydrogen fueling station, filling a Toyota
Toyota
Mirai while the station is being refilled by an Air Products SmartFuel Hydrogen
Hydrogen
delivery truck

The Linde hydrogen fuel station in Mountain View, California, with Linde liquid-hydrogen delivery truck, and a Toyota
Toyota
Mirai fueling up

Main articles: Hydrogen
Hydrogen
highway and hydrogen station As of January 2013[update], Japan had ten demonstration hydrogen fueling stations.[44] Toyota
Toyota
operated three of these stations.[45] To support commercialization of hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles by Toyota
Toyota
and other manufacturers, the Japanese government announced a goal to build approximately 100 hydrogen fueling stations by March 2016 in Japanese cities where the vehicles were to be launched initially.[46] By May 2016, there were approximately 80 hydrogen fueling stations in Japan.[47] California
California
had ten hydrogen fueling stations in 2015, and the government provided about $47 million for 28 additional stations there.[19] As of December, 2017, there are 19 True Zero hydrogen stations[48] and 33 total hydrogen stations operating in California.[49] Production[edit] Production of the fuel cell parts began in the Toyota
Toyota
Boshoku factory in November 2014.[50] Markets and sales[edit]

Rear badging of the American Toyota
Toyota
Mirai with California's white HOV lane access sticker.

Calendar Year US

2015 72 [51]

2016 1,034 [51]

2017 1,838 [51]

In January 2015 it was announced that production of the Mirai fuel cell vehicle would increase from 700 units in 2015 to approximately 2,000 in 2016 and 3,000 in 2017.[52] As of December 2017[update], global sales totaled 5,300 Mirais. The top selling markets were the U.S. with 2,900 units, Japan with 2,100 and Europe with 200.[9] Japan[edit] Sales in Japan began on December 15, 2014.[53] Pricing starts at ¥6,700,000 (~US$57,400) before taxes and a government incentive of ¥2,000,000 (~US$19,600).[10] Initially sales are limited to government and corporate customers. As of December 2014[update], domestic orders had already reached over 400 Mirais, surpassing Japan's first-year sales target, and as a result, there is a waiting list of more than a year.[53] The dimensions of the Mirai place it in a higher tax bracket outlined in the Japanese Governments dimension regulations, and the weight of the vehicle is also taxed annually during the annual road tax obligation. The Japanese government also provides a subsidy of 50% of the installation costs, with ¥7,200,000,000 (~US$61.7 million) allocated for fiscal year 2014.[54] A hydrogen station in Japan costs ¥280,000,000 (~US$2.4 million) which is about ¥150,000,000 (~US$1.29 million) more than in Europe which allows more generic materials.[citation needed] Toyota
Toyota
delivered the first market placed Mirai to the Prime Minister's Official Residence and announced it got 1,500 orders in Japan in one month after sales began on December 15, 2014 against a sales target of 400 for 12 months.[55][56] By mid-February 2017 about 1,500 Mirais have been sold in Japan,[57] and a total of about 2,100 at the end of 2017.[9] United States[edit]

Retail deliveries of the Mirai in the U.S. began in October 2015.[11]

The first 57 units were delivered to retail customers in California
California
in October and November 2015.[11] Toyota
Toyota
hoped to release the Mirai in the five Northeastern States
Northeastern States
in the first half of 2016 as hydrogen fueling infrastructure is built in the Boston
Boston
and New York City regions. Toyota
Toyota
will provide free hydrogen fueling for the first three years to initial buyers of the Mirai, just as Hyundai does for lessees of its Hyundai Tucson-ix35 Fuel Cell in California.[12][58] Toyota planned for cumulative sales of 3,000 Mirais in the U.S. by the end of 2017.[12] In the American market the 2016 model year Toyota
Toyota
Mirai started at US$57,500 before any government incentives, and a leasing option for 36 months is available with a $3,649 down payment and a lease rate of $499 per month.[12][58][59] Several states have established incentives and tax exemptions for fuel cell vehicles.[60][61] As a zero-emission vehicle (ZEV), the Mirai is eligible for a purchase rebate in California
California
of US$5,000 through the Clean Vehicle Rebate Project.[61] The federal tax credit for fuel cell vehicles originally expired on 31 December 2014,[58][62] but was retroactively extended through 31 December 2016.[62] By September 2016, Toyota
Toyota
had reduced down-payment from US$3,649 to US$2,499 and leasing price to US$349/month with several benefits,[63] and sold 710 Mirais.[64] As of December 2017[update], U.S. sales totaled about 2,900 Mirais.[9] Sales in California
California
pass the 3,000 unit mark in January 2018, where there are 31 retail hydrogen stations in operation, with an additional 12 stations projected to open in the state in 2018.[65] As of January 2018[update], Mirai sales represent more than 80% of all hydrogen fuel cell vehicles on the road in the United States.[65] Canada[edit] In January 2018, Toyota
Toyota
Canada announced that the Mirai for the Canadian market would first become available in Quebec, in line with the provincial government's zero-emission vehicle standard adopted the previous month.[66] Previously, a fleet of 50 Mirai vehicles had been internally tested by the Quebec
Quebec
government under the direction of Quebec's Minister of Natural Resources, Pierre Morneau. The first[67] public demonstrations for the vehicle took place at the January 2018 Montreal International Auto Show.[68] Toyota
Toyota
is partnering with, among other agencies, Quebec's Ministry of Energy and Hydro-Québec, to introduce hydrogen fueling infrastructure in the province.[69] Europe[edit]

Toyota
Toyota
Mirai (Europe)

The market launch in Europe was slated for September 2015.[12] The UK, Germany and Denmark were the first European countries where the Mirai was released, to be followed by additional markets in 2017.[14] In Germany, pricing starts at €60,000 (~US$75,140) plus VAT.[14] As of June 2016[update], the Mirai is available for retail sales in the UK, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, and Norway.[13] About 200 Mirais had been sold by the end of 2017.[9] Former European Parliament President Pat Cox
Pat Cox
estimated that Toyota would initially lose between €50,000 to €100,000 (US$60,000 to US$133,000 at 2014 exchange rates) on each Mirai sold in 2015.[70] Recognition[edit] The Toyota
Toyota
Mirai won the 2016 World Green Car of the Year Award, announced at the 2016 New York International Auto Show.[71] Marketing[edit]

Toyota's "Fuel Cell" badge used in the Mirai.

In 2015, Toyota
Toyota
released a series of video commercials for the Mirai entitled Fueled By..., showing how hydrogen to power fuel cells like the ones that Mirais use could come from various unexpected sources.[72] The last one, entitled Fueled by the Future, featured Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd
Christopher Lloyd
and YouTube
YouTube
science personality Go Tech Yourself, doubled as a tribute to the Back to the Future franchise and illustrated how the idea of converting trash into fuel (which had been introduced with the "Mr. Fusion" reactor that Dr. Emmett Brown (Lloyd) had brought back from the future at the end of the first film) had become reality. The commercial was released on October 21 - the same date in 2015 that Marty McFly
Marty McFly
(Fox), Jennifer Parker (Claudia Wells/Elizabeth Shue) and Brown traveled to in Back to the Future Part II. Recalls[edit] On 15 February 2017 Toyota
Toyota
recalled all of the roughly 2,800 zero-emission Mirai cars on the road due to problems with the output voltage generated by their fuel cell system. According to Toyota, under unique driving conditions, such as if the accelerator pedal is depressed to the wide open throttle position after driving on a long descent while using cruise control, there was a possibility the output voltage generated by the fuel cell boost converter could exceed the maximum voltage. Toyota
Toyota
dealers announced they will update the fuel cell system software at no cost to the customer, claiming the process will take about half an hour.[73][74] See also[edit]

Cars portal Renewable energy portal

List of fuel cell vehicles Toyota
Toyota
FCHV Toyota
Toyota
FINE

Toyota
Toyota
Fine-S Toyota
Toyota
Fine-N Toyota
Toyota
Fine-T Toyota
Toyota
Fine-X

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Mirai production to be increased" (Press release). UK: Toyota. Retrieved 2015-02-11.  ^ a b Yoko Kubota (2014-12-15). "Toyota's Fuel-Cell Car Mirai Goes on Sale". Japan Real Time (Wall Street Journal). Retrieved 2014-12-29.  ^ Shigenobu Watanabe (2014-06-19). " Hydrogen
Hydrogen
infrastructure related issue in Japan" (PDF). New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO). Retrieved 2014-11-29.  ^ "首相「水素時代の幕開け」…規制緩和を加速へ" [Opening of hydrogen age, accelerate deregulations]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 2015-01-16. Retrieved 2015-01-16. Yomiuri Shimbun Ver.13S page 1  ^ Mihalascu, Dan (2015-01-15). " Toyota
Toyota
Gets 1,500 Orders for the Mirai in Japan in One Month". Car Scoops.  ^ " Toyota
Toyota
hopes revamped plug-in sells better than first model". Associated Press. The New Zealand Herald. 2017-02-15. Retrieved 2017-02-19. [permanent dead link] ^ a b c Cobb, Jeff (2014-11-17). " Toyota
Toyota
Mirai To Be Priced From $57,500". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-11-30. Toyota
Toyota
announced a total subsidy of $13,000 for the Mirai in California
California
but did not note that the expiration date for federal FCV subsidies is set at end of this year. Asked about this issue Toyota
Toyota
said it is hoping that the present federal subsidies will be extended.  ^ King, Danny (2015-04-15). "Toyota's Mirai fuel cell car gets its own special showroom". AutoBlog. Retrieved 2015-04-17.  ^ "Eligible Vehicles List". Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles. Center for Sustainable Energy. Retrieved 2016-07-26.  ^ a b "Vehicles and eligiblity". California
California
Clean Vehicle Rebate Project. Center for Sustainable Energy. Retrieved 2016-12-24.  ^ a b "Fuel Cell Motor Vehicle Tax Credit". US: Alternative Fuels Data Center. 2014-06-04. Archived from the original on 2014-12-05. Retrieved 2016-03-10.  ^ Ayre, James (2016-09-28). " Toyota
Toyota
Mirai (Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Car) Lease Slashed From $499 To $349". EV Obsession. US. Retrieved 2016-11-06.  ^ "September 2016 Plug-in Vehicle Sales". Electric Cars Report. US. 2016-10-04. Retrieved 2016-11-06.  ^ a b " Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Is Going The Distance: Toyota
Toyota
Surpasses 3,000 Mirai Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Fuel Cell Vehicle Sales In California" (Press release). Plano, Texas: Toyota
Toyota
Motor North America. 2018-01-23. Retrieved 2018-02-03.  ^ " Toyota
Toyota
bringing hydrogen fuel cell cars to Quebec". Driving. 2018-01-23. Retrieved 2018-02-18.  ^ Plouffe, Robert (2018-01-18). "L'auto à hydrogène roulera au Québec". Le Journal de Québec (in French). Retrieved 2018-02-18.  ^ Marcoux, Bruno (2018-01-19). "Québec Government Purchases 50 Toyota Mirai To Trial Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Fuel Cell Technology". CleanTechnica. Retrieved 2018-02-18.  ^ "The Toyota
Toyota
Mirai Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle To Go On Sale This Year In Canada Starting in Québec" (Press release). Canada: Toyota. 2018-01-18. Retrieved 2018-02-18.  ^ Blanco, Sebastian (2014-11-12). "Bibendum 2014: Former EU President says Toyota
Toyota
could lose 100,000 euros per hydrogen FCV sedan". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2014-12-06.  ^ "And Now There Is One… TOYOTA MIRAI Wins 2016 World Green Car Award" (Press release). New York City: PR Newswire. 2016-03-14. Retrieved 2016-03-26.  ^ Toyota
Toyota
Mirai "Fueled By" Commercials. US: Toyota. Archived from the original on 2015-10-22.  ^ Chang-Ran Kim (2017-02-15). " Toyota
Toyota
to recall all 2,800 Mirai fuel cell cars on the road" (Press release). Reuters. Retrieved 2017-02-19.  ^ Kieler, Ashlee (2017-02-15). " Toyota
Toyota
Recalls All Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Powered Mirai Vehicles". Consumerist. US. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyota
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Mirai.

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