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TOYOKAWA INARI (豊川稲荷) is the popular name for a Buddhist temple of the Sōtō
Sōtō
sect located in the city of Toyokawa in eastern Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture
, Japan
Japan
. The temple’s true name is 妙厳寺 (MYōGON-JI), or full name is Enpukuzan Toyokawa-kaku, Myōgon-ji (円福山 豊川閣 妙厳寺). Despite the torii gate at the entrance, and the popular identification of its main image of veneration (a Juichimen Kannon ) with Inari Okami , the Shinto kami of fertility, rice, agriculture, industry and worldly success, the institution is a Buddhist temple and has no overt association with the Shinto religion.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Cultural Properties * 3 Tōkai Hundred Kannon * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Notes

HISTORY

The temple was founded in 1441 by a Buddhist priest named Tōkai Gieki (東海義易), whose distance predecessor, Kangan Giin had studied Tantric Buddhism in Song Dynasty , China
China
. Per his teachings, the main object of veneration, Juichimen Kannon was identified as an avatar of the Toyokawa Dakinishinten , who is depicted in Japanese Buddhist iconography as a female deity riding on a white fox. In the period of Shinbutsu shūgō , the line between Buddhism and Shinto became blurred, and images of a goddess on a fox were associated with Ukanomitama-no-mikoto , the goddess of agriculture, who used the white fox as her messenger.

The temple was patronized in the Sengoku period by Imagawa Yoshimoto , Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
, Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
, and by pilgrims from the merchant classes in the Edo period through the modern period.

CULTURAL PROPERTIES

Most of the temple was rebuilt in the Meiji period or later; however, the Sanmon
Sanmon
dates from 1536 and is the oldest existent buildings in the complex. The Main Hall was reconstructed in the Tempo period (1830-1843), and several other buildings also date from the Edo period. In terms of registered cultural properties, the temple has a wooden Kamakura period statue of Jizo Bosatsu which is a National Important Cultural Property .

TōKAI HUNDRED KANNON

The Toyokawa Inari
Toyokawa Inari
combines with the Mino Thirty-three Kannon in Gifu Prefecture , the Owari Thirty-three Kannon
Owari Thirty-three Kannon
in western Aichi Prefecture, and the Mikawa Thirty-three Kannon
Mikawa Thirty-three Kannon
(三河三十三観音) in eastern Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture
to form a pilgrimage route known as the Tōkai Hundred Kannon .

SEE ALSO

* Inari Shrine
Inari Shrine

* Tōkai Hundred Kannon

* Mino Thirty-three Kannon * Owari Thirty-three Kannon
Owari Thirty-three Kannon

* Glossary of Japanese Buddhism
Glossary of Japanese Buddhism
* Glossary of Shinto

Wikimedia Commons has media related to TOYOKAWA INARI .

REFERENCES

* Smyers, Karen Ann. The fox and the jewel: shared and private meanings in contemporary Japanese. University of Hawaii Press (1998). ISBN 0-8248-2102-5

NOTES

* ^ Toyokawa Inari
Toyokawa Inari
Homepage. Toyokawa Inari. Accessed May 3, 2009. * ^ * ^ * ^ Owari Thirty-three Kannon. Aruku88.net. Accessed May 4, 2009.

Coordinates : 34°49′28.26″N 137°23′31.24″E / 34.8245167°N 137.3920111°E / 34.8245167; 137.3920111

* v * t * e

Buddhist temples in Japan
Japan

JAPANESE BUDDHIST ARCHITECTURE

ARCHITECTONIC ELEMENTS

* hidden roof * hisashi * irimoya * kaerumata: see nakazonae * kairō * karahafu * karesansui * kentozuka: see nakazonae * komainu * katōmado * mokoshi * moya * nakazonae * Niō or Kongōrikishi * sandō * shichidō garan * shōrō * sōrin * tokyō * tōrō * onigawara

MON (GATES)

* karamon * nijūmon * niōmon * rōmon * sanmon * sōmon * torii

BUILDINGS

* Chinjusha * chōzuya/temizuya * -dō * main hall (kon-dō, hon-dō, butsuden) * kuri * kyōzō or kyō-dō * shoin

JAPANESE PAGODAS

* gorintō * hōkyōintō * hōtō * kasatōba * sotōba * muhōtō * tahōtō

STYLES

* Daibutsuyō
Daibutsuyō
* Wayō * Setchūyō
Setchūyō
* Shoin-zukuri
Shoin-zukuri
* Shin- Wayō * Zenshūyō * Ōbaku Zen architecture
Ōbaku Zen architecture

OTHERS

* A-un * ken

SCHOOLS AND OBJECTS OF WORSHIP

MAJOR SCHOOLS

* Jōdo * Nichiren * Shingon * Tendai
Tendai

ZEN SCHOOLS

* Sōtō
Sōtō
* Ōbaku * Rinzai

NANTO ROKUSHū

* Jōjitsu * Hossō * Kusha * Kegon * Ritsu * Sanron

OBJECTS OF WORSHIP

* Amida Nyōrai * Benzaiten
Benzaiten
* Dainichi Nyorai * Jizō * Kannon * Marishi-ten * Shaka Nyorai * Shitennō (Four Kings) * Twelve Heavenly Generals
Twelve Heavenly Generals
(Jūni Shinshō) * Yakushi Nyorai

OTHER ELEMENTS

IMPLEMENTS

* kei (ritual gong) * mokugyō

OTHERS

* bussokuseki * butsudan * Glossary of Japanese Buddhism
Glossary of Japanese Buddhism
* Japanese Buddhist pantheon * jingū-ji * miyadera * saisenbako

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