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Toyokawa Inari
Toyokawa Inari
(豊川稲荷) is the popular name for a Buddhist temple of the Sōtō
Sōtō
sect located in the city of Toyokawa in eastern Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The temple’s true name is 妙厳寺 (Myōgon-ji), or full name is Enpukuzan Toyokawa-kaku, Myōgon-ji (円福山 豊川閣 妙厳寺). Despite the torii gate at the entrance, and the popular identification of its main image of veneration (a Juichimen Kannon) with Inari Okami, the Shinto
Shinto
kami of fertility, rice, agriculture, industry and worldly success, the institution is a Buddhist temple and has no overt association with the Shinto
Shinto
religion.

Contents

1 History 2 Cultural Properties 3 Tōkai Hundred Kannon 4 See also 5 References 6 Notes

History[edit] The temple was founded in 1441 by a Buddhist priest named Tōkai Gieki (東海義易), whose distance predecessor, Kangan Giin had studied Tantric Buddhism
Tantric Buddhism
in Song Dynasty, China
China
.[1] Per his teachings, the main object of veneration, Juichimen Kannon was identified as an avatar of the Toyokawa Dakinishinten,[2] who is depicted in Japanese Buddhist iconography as a female deity riding on a white fox. In the period of Shinbutsu shūgō, the line between Buddhism and Shinto became blurred, and images of a goddess on a fox were associated with Ukanomitama-no-mikoto, the goddess of agriculture, who used the white fox as her messenger.[3] The temple was patronized in the Sengoku period
Sengoku period
by Imagawa Yoshimoto, Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
and Tokugawa Ieyasu, and by pilgrims from the merchant classes in the Edo period
Edo period
through the modern period. Cultural Properties[edit] Most of the temple was rebuilt in the Meiji period
Meiji period
or later; however, the Sanmon
Sanmon
dates from 1536 and is the oldest existent buildings in the complex. The Main Hall was reconstructed in the Tempo period (1830-1843), and several other buildings also date from the Edo period. In terms of registered cultural properties, the temple has a wooden Kamakura period
Kamakura period
statue of Jizo Bosatsu which is a National Important Cultural Property. Tōkai Hundred Kannon[edit] The Toyokawa Inari
Toyokawa Inari
combines with the Mino Thirty-three Kannon
Mino Thirty-three Kannon
in Gifu Prefecture, the Owari Thirty-three Kannon
Owari Thirty-three Kannon
in western Aichi Prefecture, and the Mikawa Thirty-three Kannon
Mikawa Thirty-three Kannon
(三河三十三観音) in eastern Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture
to form a pilgrimage route known as the Tōkai Hundred Kannon.[4] See also[edit]

Inari Shrine Tōkai Hundred Kannon

Mino Thirty-three Kannon Owari Thirty-three Kannon

Glossary of Japanese Buddhism Glossary of Shinto

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyokawa Inari.

References[edit]

Smyers, Karen Ann. The fox and the jewel: shared and private meanings in contemporary Japanese. University of Hawaii Press (1998). ISBN 0-8248-2102-5

Notes[edit]

^ Toyokawa Inari
Toyokawa Inari
Homepage. Toyokawa Inari. Accessed May 3, 2009. ^ [1] ^ [2] ^ Owari Thirty-three Kannon. Aruku88.net. Accessed May 4, 2009.

Coordinates: 34°49′28.26″N 137°23′31.24″E / 34.8245167°N 137.3920111°E / 34.8245167; 137.3920111

v t e

Buddhist temples in Japan

Japanese Buddhist architecture

Architectonic elements

hidden roof hisashi irimoya kaerumata: see nakazonae kairō karahafu karesansui kentozuka: see nakazonae komainu katōmado mokoshi moya nakazonae Niō or Kongōrikishi sandō shichidō garan shōrō sōrin tokyō tōrō onigawara

Mon (gates)

karamon nijūmon niōmon rōmon sanmon sōmon torii

Buildings

Chinjusha chōzuya/temizuya -dō main hall (kon-dō, hon-dō, butsuden) kuri kyōzō or kyō-dō shoin

Japanese pagodas

gorintō hōkyōintō hōtō kasatōba sotōba muhōtō tahōtō

Styles

Daibutsuyō Wayō Setchūyō Shoin-zukuri Shin-Wayō Zenshūyō Ōbaku
Ōbaku
Zen
Zen
architecture

Others

A-un ken

Schools and objects of worship

Major schools

Jōdo Nichiren Shingon Tendai

Zen
Zen
schools

Sōtō Ōbaku Rinzai

Nanto rokushū

Jōjitsu Hossō Kusha Kegon Ritsu Sanron

Objects of worship

Amida Nyōrai Benzaiten Dainichi Nyorai Jizō Kannon Marishi-ten Shaka Nyorai Shitennō (Four Kings) Twelve Heavenly Generals
Twelve Heavenly Generals
(Jūni Shinshō) Yakushi Nyorai

Other elements

Implements

kei (ritual gong) mokugyō

Others

bussokuseki butsudan Glossary of Japanese Buddhism Japanese Buddhist pantheon jingū-ji m

.