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Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
(伊東 豊雄, Itō Toyoo, born 1 June 1941) is a Japanese architect known for creating conceptual architecture, in which he seeks to simultaneously express the physical and virtual worlds. He is a leading exponent of architecture that addresses the contemporary notion of a "simulated" city, and has been called "one of the world's most innovative and influential architects."[1] In 2013, Ito was awarded the Pritzker Prize, one of architecture's most prestigious prizes.[2] He was a likely front-runner for the Pritzker Prize
Pritzker Prize
for the previous 10 years. A recent trend has seen less experienced and well-known winners, for example Chinese architect Wang Shu in 2012, and the award to Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
is seen as recognition of a lifetime's achievement in architecture.[3]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 Critical vision 2.2 Exhibitions 2.3 List of works 2.4 Gallery of works 2.5 Honors and recognition 2.6 Professorship

3 References 4 External links

Early life and education[edit] Ito was born in Seoul, Korea
Korea
to Japanese parents on 1 June 1941. In 1943, he moved to Japan with his mother and two sisters living until middle school age in rural Shimosuwa, Nagano
Shimosuwa, Nagano
Prefecture. Ito attended Hibiya High School
Hibiya High School
in central Tokyo
Tokyo
and graduated from the University of Tokyo's department of architecture in 1965.[4] Career[edit] After working for Kiyonori Kikutake
Kiyonori Kikutake
Architect
Architect
and Associates from 1965 to 1969 (alongside Itsuko Hasegawa), in 1971 he started his own studio in Tokyo, named Urbot ("Urban Robot"). In 1979, the studio name was changed to Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
& Associates.[4] Throughout his early career Ito constructed numerous private house projects that expressed aspects of urban life in Japan. His most remarkable early conceptual contributions were made through projects of this scale, such as White U (1976) and Silver Hut (1984).[1] With the Pao for the Tokyo
Tokyo
Nomad Girl projects in 1985 and 1989, Ito presented a vision of the life of an urban nomad, illustrative of typical lifestyles during the bubble economy period in Japan.[5] Tower of Winds (1986) and Egg of Winds (1991) are interactive landmarks in public spaces, resulting from a creative interpretation of contemporary technical possibilities.[1] Whilst their function is in fact exhaust air outlets for the underground system below, their significance lies in Ito's treatment of their opacity, one of the hallmarks of his work. Whilst appearing solid during the day, the perforated aluminium structures "dissolve" at night through the use of computer-controlled light systems which form an interactive display representing measured data such as noise levels in their surrounding vicinity. Toyo Ito's office is known as a training ground for talented younger architects. Architects who previously worked for his office include Kazuyo Sejima
Kazuyo Sejima
and Ryue Nishizawa (SANAA), Astrid Klein and Mark Dytham (KDa), Katsuya Fukushima, Makoto Yokomizo, and Akihisa Hirata.[6] Critical vision[edit] Ito's work is often said to have affinities with the ideas of philosophers such as Munesuke Mita and Gilles Deleuze. Ito has defined architecture as "clothing" for urban dwellers, particularly in the contemporary Japanese metropolis. This theme revolves around the equilibrium between the private life and the metropolitan, "public" life of an individual. The current architecture of Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
expands on his work produced during the postmodern period, aggressively exploring the potentials of new forms. In doing so, he seeks to find new spatial conditions that manifest the philosophy of borderless beings. Exhibitions[edit] Ito's work has been exhibited widely. In 1991, Ito used 130 video projectors to simulate the urban environment of Tokyo
Tokyo
for the Visions of Japan exhibition at The Victoria and Albert Museum
Victoria and Albert Museum
in London.[7] Later, in 2000, his Vision and Reality at the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art also became a traveling exhibition.[8] Ito similarly exploited the effect of video projection as a medium with which to exhibit architecture in his Blurring Architecture exhibition, initiated at the Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum
Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum
in Aachen and traveling to four other cities (Tokyo, Antwerp, Auckland, and Wellington between 1999 and 2001).[9] Ito designed the Berlin-Tokyo/Tokyo- Berlin
Berlin
Exhibition (2006) at the Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin. The design featured a smooth, undulating landscape that occupied almost the entirety of the museum's main exhibition space. This exhibition, in collaboration with the Mori Art Museum, was one of the largest undertakings in the museum's history.[10] A major retrospective of Ito's work was shown at the Tokyo
Tokyo
Opera City Art Gallery in 2006 as Toyo Ito: The New "Real" in Architecture.[11] List of works[edit] Source:[12]

1976 – The U House (house for his sister) 1984 – Silver Hut (Ito's own house, adjacent to White U) 1986 – Tower of Winds, West Exit, Yokohama
Yokohama
Station, Nishi-ku, Yokohama 1991 – Yatsushiro Municipal Museum 1994 – Old People's Home in Yatsushiro 2001 – Sendai Mediatheque: a multi-function complex accommodating a mixed programme of library, art gallery, audio-visual library, film studio and café. It was a competition winning scheme chosen in 1995 from amongst 235 competing proposals.[13] Widely recognised as one of Ito's seminal works. 2002 – Temporary Serpentine Gallery
Serpentine Gallery
Pavilion, in Kensington Gardens, London 2002 – Bruges
Bruges
pavilion 2004 – Matsumoto Performing Art Center, Matsumoto 2004 – Tod's
Tod's
Omotesandō
Omotesandō
Building, Tokyo 2006 – First Prize "Taichung Opera International Competition" in Taiwan 2006 – Meiso no Mori Municipal Funeral Hall Kakamigahara-shi, Gifu, Japan 2006 – VivoCity
VivoCity
Singapore at HarbourFront 2007 – Library of Tama Art University, Tokyo 2008 – World Games Stadium
World Games Stadium
in Kaohsiung, Taiwan 2008 – Villa for Chilean architectural project Ochoalcubo. 2008 – Huge Wine Glass in Pescara
Pescara
(broken after 64 days from unveiling) 2009 – Suites Avenue Building, Barcelona, Spain 2009 – Torre Realia BCN
Torre Realia BCN
and Hotel Porta Fira, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain 2009 – Za-Koenji Public Theater, Kōenji, Suginami, Tokyo 2011 – Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
Museum of Architecture, Imabari, Ehime, Japan 2011 – Ken Iwata Mother and Child Museum, Imabari, Ehime, Japan 2014 – Koo Chen-Fu Memorial Library, College of Social Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taiwan 2014 – National Taichung Theater, Taiwan 2016 – Barroco Museo Internacional, Puebla, Mexico

Gallery of works[edit]

Nagaoka Lyric Hall (1994, Nagaoka)

Serpentine Gallery, London, UK (2002)

Matsumoto Performing Arts Centre (2004)

TOD's Omotesando Building, Tokyo, Japan (2004)

Mikimoto Ginza 2, Tokyo, Japan (2005)

VivoCity, Singapore (2006)

Library of Tama Art University, Tokyo, Japan (2007)

World Games Stadium, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (2008)

Torre Realia BCN
Torre Realia BCN
and Hotel Porta Fira, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain (2009)

Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
Museum of Architecture, Imabari, Ehime, Japan (2011)

Koo Chen-Fu Memorial Library, College of Social Sciences,National Taiwan University, Taiwan (2014)

Honors and recognition[edit]

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Ito's awards and honors include:

1986 – Architectural Institute of Japan
Architectural Institute of Japan
Award for Silver Hut 1992 – 33rd Mainichi Art Award for Yatsushiro Municipal Museum 1997 – IAA 'interach ‘97' Grand Prix of the Union of Architects in Bulgaria Gold Medal 1998 – Education Minister’s Art Encouragement Prize in Japan 2000 – Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize in architecture from the American Academy of Arts and Letters 2001 – Gold prize of the Japanese Good Design Award 2006 – RIBA Royal Gold Medal 2008 – Frederick Kiesler Prize for Architecture and the Arts 2009 – Asahi Prize 2010 – Praemium Imperiale 2013 – Pritzker Prize
Pritzker Prize
for Architecture 2014 - Mathew Art Award in Berlin

Professorship[edit] Ito holds a professorship at the Japan Women's University. He is also an honorary professor at the University of North London
London
and has served as guest professor at Columbia University. He teaches at Tama Art University as a Visiting Professor. References[edit]

^ a b c "Toyo Ito, interview". Designboom. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2009.  ^ Francescani, Chris (17 March 2013). "Japanese architect Toyo Ito awarded 2013 Pritzker prize". Reuters. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ Christopher Hawthorne (17 March 2013). "Japanese architect Toyo Ito, 71, wins Pritzker Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ a b " Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
- Biography". Pritzker Architecture Prize. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ Idenburg, Florian. Relations in the architecture of Kazuyo Sejima
Kazuyo Sejima
+ Ryue Nishizawa. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ Ravenscroft, Tom (17 March 2013). " Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
wins 2013 Pritzker Prize". Architects Journal. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ Richards, Brent. New Glass Architecture. p. 150. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ "Architectural Wonder". Shanghai Daily. 2 January 2005. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ Toyo Ito. Blurring architecture 1971–2005. Charta. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ "Berlin-Tokyo/Tokyo-Berlin. The Art of Two Cities". Neue Nationalgalerie. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ "Toyo Ito: The New "Real" in Architecture". Opera City. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ "Projects". Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
& Associates. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ " Sendai Mediatheque
Sendai Mediatheque
(Actar, Barcelona)". Actar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyo Ito.

Ito interviewed by C.B.Liddell at Architecture Week Toyo Ito, Japanese architecture for the 21st century The New York Times
The New York Times
works on Ito's impact Thomas Daniell, "Toyo Ito: The New 'Real' in Architecture". Artscape, 2 November 2006. Nicolai Ouroussoff, "Inside the Exteriors of Architect
Architect
Toyo Ito". The New York Times, 8 July 2009.

v t e

Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize
laureates

Philip Johnson
Philip Johnson
(1979) Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
(1980) James Stirling (1981) Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
(1982) I. M. Pei
I. M. Pei
(1983) Richard Meier
Richard Meier
(1984) Hans Hollein
Hans Hollein
(1985) Gottfried Böhm
Gottfried Böhm
(1986) Kenzo Tange (1987) Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
and Oscar Niemeyer
Oscar Niemeyer
(1988) Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
(1989) Aldo Rossi
Aldo Rossi
(1990) Robert Venturi
Robert Venturi
(1991) Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira
(1992) Fumihiko Maki
Fumihiko Maki
(1993) Christian de Portzamparc
Christian de Portzamparc
(1994) Tadao Ando
Tadao Ando
(1995) Rafael Moneo
Rafael Moneo
(1996) Sverre Fehn
Sverre Fehn
(1997) Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
(1998) Norman Foster (1999) Rem Koolhaas
Rem Koolhaas
(2000) Herzog & de Meuron (2001) Glenn Murcutt
Glenn Murcutt
(2002) Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
(2003) Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid
(2004) Thom Mayne
Thom Mayne
(2005) Paulo Mendes da Rocha
Paulo Mendes da Rocha
(2006) Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
(2007) Jean Nouvel
Jean Nouvel
(2008) Peter Zumthor
Peter Zumthor
(2009) Kazuyo Sejima
Kazuyo Sejima
and Ryue Nishizawa / SANAA
SANAA
(2010) Eduardo Souto de Moura
Eduardo Souto de Moura
(2011) Wang Shu
Wang Shu
(2012) Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
(2013) Shigeru Ban
Shigeru Ban
(2014) Frei Otto
Frei Otto
(2015) Alejandro Aravena
Alejandro Aravena
(2016) Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem, and Ramón Vilalta / RCR Arquitectes (2017) B. V. Doshi
B. V. Doshi
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 4980996 LCCN: n87918776 ISNI: 0000 0001 2319 7537 GND: 119033593 SUDOC: 030818516 BNF: cb12215737g (data) ULAN: 500004494 NLA: 35748477 NDL: 00121252 NKC: ntk2010612308 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV56937 BNE: XX842295 RKD: 134

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