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Toyama Prefecture
Toyama Prefecture
(富山県, Toyama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Hokuriku region
Hokuriku region
on the main Honshu
Honshu
island.[2] The capital is the city of Toyama.[3] Toyama is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan
Japan
Sea coast, and has the industrial advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. It also contains East Asia’s only known glaciers outside Russia, first recognized in 2012.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Municipalities

3.1 Cities 3.2 Towns and villages 3.3 Mergers

4 Economy

4.1 Agriculture 4.2 Manufacturing 4.3 Energy

5 Demographics 6 International links 7 Transportation

7.1 Rail 7.2 Expressway 7.3 Air

7.3.1 Domestic 7.3.2 International

8 Culture

8.1 UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites 8.2 National Treasures of Japan 8.3 Festivals

8.3.1 Spring 8.3.2 Summer 8.3.3 Fall 8.3.4 Winter

8.4 Regional Foods 8.5 Regional sake

9 Sports 10 Sister Regions 11 Tourism 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

History[edit] See also: Historic Sites of Toyama Prefecture Historically, Toyama Prefecture
Toyama Prefecture
was Etchū Province.[5] Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province
Etchū Province
was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture. In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture
Ishikawa Prefecture
but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.[citation needed] The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950. Geography[edit]

Toyama Prefecture
Toyama Prefecture
is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture
Ishikawa Prefecture
to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan
Japan
to the north. As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[6] Municipalities[edit]

Map of Toyama Prefecture

Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan
Japan
with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages). Cities[edit] Ten cities are located in Toyama Prefecture:

City of Toyama

Himi Imizu Kurobe Namerikawa Nanto

Oyabe Takaoka Tonami Toyama (capital) Uozu

Towns and villages[edit] These are the towns and villages in each district:

Nakaniikawa District

Funahashi Kamiichi Tateyama

Shimoniikawa District

Asahi Nyūzen

Mergers[edit] Main article: List of mergers in Toyama Prefecture Economy[edit] Agriculture[edit] In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan's rice production [7] and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline. Manufacturing[edit] Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing. Energy[edit] Kurobe Dam
Kurobe Dam
generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company. It is located on the Kurobe River
Kurobe River
in Toyama Prefecture. Demographics[edit] As of 2010, the population of the prefecture was 1,090,367.[8] International links[edit]

 China, Liaoning Province
Liaoning Province
- May 9, 1984  Brazil, São Paulo State
São Paulo State
- July 18, 1985  United States, Oregon
Oregon
State - October 19, 1991  Russia, Primorsky Region
Primorsky Region
- August 26, 1992  India, Andhra Pradesh State- Dec 2015

Transportation[edit] Rail[edit] Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen
Hokuriku Shinkansen
and Thunderbird Limited Express

The Hokuriku Shinkansen
Hokuriku Shinkansen
line is scheduled to extend to Osaka
Osaka
in the future, and will shorten the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min.

Expressway[edit]

Tokyo: 5 hr Osaka: 4 hr 10 min Nagoya: 3 hr 15 min Niigata: 2 hr 30 min

Air[edit]

Toyama Airport
Toyama Airport
(TOY)

Domestic[edit]

Tokyo: 1 hr Sapporo: 1 hr 20 min Fukuoka: 1 hr 30 min

International[edit]

Shanghai: 2 hr 30 min via Shanghai
Shanghai
Airlines Dalian: 2 hr 30 min via Southern China
China
Airlines Seoul: 1 hr 50 min via Asiana Airlines Vladivostok: 2 hr 40 min via Vladivostok
Vladivostok
Airlines

Culture[edit] UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites[edit] Gokayama Historical Village
Gokayama Historical Village
(Nanto City) National Treasures of Japan[edit] Zuiryū-ji Temple (Takaoka City) Festivals[edit]

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Spring[edit]

Tonami Yotaka Festival (June)

Uozu Tatemon Festival (August)

All Japan
Japan
Chindon Competition ( Toyama City
Toyama City
( Toyama Castle
Toyama Castle
Park), Mid April Tonami Tulip
Tulip
Fair (Tonami City), May Marumage Festival (Himi City), May 17

Summer[edit]

Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival (Toyama City), Late July Japan
Japan
Wildlife Film Festival (Toyama Prefecture), Early August

Fall[edit]

Toyama Festival (Toyama City), Sept. 1 Owara Kaze no Bon
Owara Kaze no Bon
( Toyama City
Toyama City
( Yatsuo Area)), Sept. 1-3

Winter[edit]

Nanto Toga Soba Festival ( Nanto City
Nanto City
( Toga Village Area)), Mid Feb.

Regional Foods[edit]

Trout Sushi (Masu no Sushi) White Shrimp (Shiro Ebi) Matured Yellow Tail (Buri) Firefly Squid (Hotaru Ika) Fish Paste (Kamaboko)

Regional sake[edit]

Tateyama (立山) Narimasa (成政) Masuizumi (満寿泉) Sanshoraku (三笑楽)

Sports[edit] The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama. Football (soccer)

Kataller Toyama
Kataller Toyama
(Toyama City)

Basketball

Toyama Grouses
Toyama Grouses
(Toyama City)

Baseball

Toyama Thunderbirds
Toyama Thunderbirds
(Toyama City)

Rugby Union

Takaoka Mariners (Takaoka)

Sister Regions[edit]

 People's Republic of China, Liaoning Province[9]  United States, Oregon[10]  Russia, Primorsky Krai[9]

Tourism[edit]

Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d 富山県の魅力・観光>シンボル. Toyama Prefectural website (in Japanese). Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011.  ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Toyama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books; "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Toyama" at p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books. ^ First glaciers of Japan
Japan
recognised ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 29 June 2012.  ^ "米の生産 〔2014年〕" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 11, 2015.  ^ "Location - Area - Population". Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved December 26, 2017. ^ a b Sister/Friendship Affiliation ^ Oregon
Oregon
State Archives Copy, Governor's Office Press Releases

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyama prefecture.

Official Toyama Prefecture
Toyama Prefecture
Homepage Toyama Prefecture
Toyama Prefecture
International Center National Archives of Japan
Japan
Toyama Map (1891)

v t e

Toyama Prefecture

Toyama (capital)

Core city

Toyama

Cities

Takaoka Uozu Himi Namerikawa Kurobe Tonami Oyabe Nanto Imizu

Nakaniikawa District

Funahashi Kamiichi Tateyama

Shimoniikawa District

Asahi Nyūzen

List of mergers in Toyama Prefecture

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 253502151 ISNI: 0000 0004 0531

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