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The Toxics Release Inventory
Toxics Release Inventory
(TRI) is a publicly available database containing information on toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities in the United States.

Contents

1 Overview

1.1 Summary of requirements 1.2 Origins of TRI

2 Revisions to reporting requirements 3 Accessing TRI data 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Overview[edit]

TRI-ME, the TRI computer reporting program

Summary of requirements[edit] The database is available from the United States
United States
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and contains information reported annually by some industry groups as well as federal facilities. Each year, companies across a wide range of industries (including chemical, mining, paper, oil and gas industries) that produce more than 25,000 pounds or handle more than 10,000 pounds of a listed toxic chemical must report it to the TRI. The TRI threshold was initially set at 75,000 pounds annually. If the company treats, recycles, disposes, or releases more than 500 pounds of that chemical into the environment (as opposed to just handling it), then they must provide a detailed inventory of that chemical's inventory. Origins of TRI[edit] The inventory was first proposed in a 1985 New York Times
New York Times
op-ed piece[1] written by David Sarokin and Warren Muir, researchers for an environmental group, INFORM. Congress established TRI under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
of 1986 (EPCRA), and later expanded it in the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990. The law grew out of concern surrounding Union Carbide's releases of toxic gases in the 1984 Bhopal disaster
Bhopal disaster
and a smaller 1985 release in Institute, West Virginia.[2] Revisions to reporting requirements[edit] Proposed changes in late 2005 would have weakened the reporting standards for the TRI program. Several state attorneys general wrote to EPA asking that the standard not be altered. The proposed revisions came under fire from Eliot Spitzer, then the Attorney General for New York, who said "Public disclosure has proven to be a strong incentive for polluters to reduce their use of toxic chemicals, this move by EPA appears to be yet another poorly considered notion to appease a few polluting constituents at the expense of a valuable program."[3] EPA originally proposed to reduce the required reporting frequency from every year to every other year. This drew intense criticism, and the idea was dropped. However, EPA went forward with another part of the plan that initially did not receive much attention. Companies were previously required to disclose any release over 2000 pounds (907 kg) on a more detailed "Form R" rather than the less detailed "Form A." With the new regulations, the minimum reporting requirements for Form R have been increased to 5000 pounds (2268 kg), thus reducing the amount of information available. Although this move was widely criticized by the public as well as many officials, EPA went ahead with the new rule anyway.[4] EPA claimed that the comments submitted opposed to the Form R requirements were invalid because nearly all the people who had commented did so on both the change in reporting frequency as well as the minimum amounts required for Form R. Accessing TRI data[edit] The data in the Toxic
Toxic
Release Inventory is available to the public, but initially the system was difficult to access. In recent years, EPA and several other organizations have made the task much easier. Mapping Systems There are several tools for mapping the TRI data to particular locations. These tools also allow the user to view some of the information in the database.

TOXMAP, Benzene on-site releases, all mediums, lower 48 States, reported to EPA 2012 TRI Program, shown by NLM's TOXMAP

TOXMAP is a Geographic Information System (GIS) from the Division of Specialized Information Services [1] of the United States
United States
National Library of Medicine (NLM) that uses maps of the United States
United States
to help users visually explore data from the United States
United States
Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxics Release Inventory
Toxics Release Inventory
and Superfund Basic Research Programs. TOXMAP is a resource funded by the US Federal Government. TOXMAP's chemical and environmental health information is taken from NLM's Toxicology Data Network (TOXNET) [2] and PubMed, and from other authoritative sources.

MapEcos, A Map of Industrial Environmental Performance

MapEcos.org is a browser-based tool. It allows users to access an interactive map of the US showing the most recent TRI data. The map can be searched for locations of interest. At lower zoom levels, it allows the user to get information on pollution from particular facilities. This site was created by faculty and students at Dartmouth College, Harvard Business School, and Duke University.[5] The Commission for Environmental Cooperation has created a downloadable File
File
for Google Earth which shows all of the most recent reports to the TRI database. It also includes locations from the equivalent Canadian and Mexican pollution inventory. The system currently only maps the locations and links to data at the national registries.[6] DotGovWatch offers a simple browser-based map of TRI data. The map can be searched by city, address, and each facility's detailed emissions are available.

Research Oriented Portals

RTKnet.org Run by Center for Effective Government (formally OMB Watch), this site provides access to current to a variety of EPA data, including data for the TRI. Queries allow users to download files with the raw data. The EPA also provides access to the raw data through their Envirofacts site. As with RTK net, queries to the underlying relational database produce downloadable text documents.

See also[edit]

Toxic
Toxic
Substances Control Act (TSCA) Pollutant release and transfer register

References[edit]

^ Too Little Toxic
Toxic
Waste Data, New York Times, Oct 7, 1985, pg A31 ^ U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington, DC. Toxics Release Inventory Program." Accessed 2009-12-20. ^ Geiselman, Bruce (2006-01-30). "States ask EPA to reconsider TRI changes". Waste & Recycling News. ISSN 1091-6199.  ^ Center for Effective Government (2007). "EPA Finalizes Rules for Toxics Release Inventory." January 9, 2007. Vol. 8, No. 1. ^ Walker, Peter (2007). "Mapping out the environment." CNN.com. 2007-12-14. ^ GIS News:Google Earth layer helps mapping industrial pollutants

External links[edit]

EPA's TRI.NET page (for accessing the data) EPA's TRI Explorer page (for accessing the data) The Right-to-Know Network for accessing the TRI Environmental Working Group's report on the TRI rollback Center for Effective Government's page on the TRI National Environmental Trust's Page on the TRI TOXMAP: National Institute of Health's Environmental Health Maps

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Aarhus Convention Corporate accountability / behaviour / social responsibility Ethical banking Ethical code Extended producer responsibility Organizational ethics Organizational justice Principles for Responsible Investment Social responsibility Stakeholder theory Sullivan principles Transparency (behavioral social) UN Global Compact

Social accounting

Double bottom line Ethical Positioning Index Higg Index Impact assessment (environmental equality social) ISO 26000 ISO 45001 Genuine progress indicator Performance indicator SA8000 Social return on investment Whole-life cost

Environmental accounting

Carbon accounting Eco-Management and Audit
Audit
Scheme Emission inventory Environmental full-cost accounting / impact assessment / management system / profit-and-loss account ISO 14000 ISO 14031:1999 Life-cycle assessment Pollutant release and transfer register Sustainability accounting / measurement / metrics and indices / standards and certification / supply chain Toxics Release Inventory Triple bottom line

Reporting

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GxP
guidelines Sustainability reporting

Auditing

Community-based monitoring Environmental (certification) Fair trade (certification) ISO 19011

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