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Townships are the third-level administrative subdivisions of
counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French ...
of
Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main island of Ta ...
, along with county-administered cities. After World War II, the townships were established from the following conversions on the
Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan, an island country in East Asia * Japanese language, spoken mainly in Japan * Japanese people, the ethnic group that identifies with Japan through culture or ancestry ** Japanese diaspora ...
administrative divisions Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a particular, ...
: Although local laws do not enforce strict standards for classifying them, generally urban townships have a larger population and more business and industry than rural townships, but not to the extent of county-administered cities. Under townships, there is still the
village A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town (although the word is often used to describe both hamlets and smaller towns), with a population typically ranging from a few hundred to a ...
as the fourth or basic level of administration. As of 2017, there are totally 184 townships in Taiwan, including 38 urban townships, 122 rural townships and 24 mountain indigenous townships.
Penghu The Penghu (Hokkien POJ: ''Phîⁿ-ô͘''  or ''Phêⁿ-ô͘'' ) or Pescadores Islands are an archipelago of 90 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait. The largest city is Magong, located on the largest island, which is also named Mag ...
and
Lienchiang The Matsu Islands (; Foochow Romanized: Mā-cū liĕk-dō̤) are an archipelago of 36 islands and islets in the East China Sea officially named Lienchiang County (; Foochow Romanized: Lièng-gŏng-gâing) in the Republic of China. It is the smal ...
are the only two counties that do not have urban townships.


Statistics of townships


List of townships by county

Township names are now
transliterated Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus ''trans-'' + ''liter-'') in predictable ways, such as Greek → , Cyrillic → , Greek → the digraph , Armenian → or Lat ...
using the
Hanyu Pinyin ''Hanyu Pinyin'' (), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Mandarin Chinese in mainland China, Taiwan (ROC), and Singapore. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin, which is normally written using C ...
romanization system without tone marks. Note that the ''county'' names do not necessarily use Hanyu Pinyin or special case such as
Lukang Lukang, formerly romanized as Lugang and also known by other names, is an urban township in northwestern Changhua County, Taiwan. The township is on the west coast of Taiwan, facing the Taiwan Strait. Lukang was an important sea port in the 18th ...
. Colors indicate the common language status of
Formosan languages The Formosan languages are the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, all of which are Austronesian. The Taiwanese indigenous peoples recognized by the government are about 2.3% of the island's population. However, only 35% speak their a ...

Formosan languages
,
Hakka The Hakka (), sometimes Hakka Han, are a Han Chinese subgroup whose ancestral homes are chiefly in the Hakka-speaking provincial areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hainan and Guizhou. The Chinese characters f ...
or
Matsu dialect Matsu dialect (Eastern Min: / ) is the local dialect of Matsu Islands, Taiwan. Native speakers also call it Bàng-huâ (), meaning the language spoken in everyday life. It is recognised one of the statutory languages for public transport announcem ...
within each division.


See also

* County (Taiwan) * County-administered city


References

{{commons category, Townships in Taiwan Townships in Taiwan, Township Populated places in Taiwan