The Info List - Touraine

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(French pronunciation: ​[tuʁɛn]) is one of the traditional provinces of France. Its capital was Tours. During the political reorganization of French territory in 1790, Touraine
was divided between the departments of Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher
and Indre.


1 Geography 2 History 3 Sights 4 Famous natives 5 Famous non-natives 6 Twin towns 7 See also 8 External links

Geography[edit] Traversed by the Loire and its tributaries the Cher, the Indre
and the Vienne, Touraine
makes up a part of the Paris Basin. It is well known for its viticulture. The TGV, which connects Tours
with Paris in just over an hour, has made Touraine
a place of residence for people who work in the capital but seek a different quality of life. History[edit] Touraine
takes its name from a Celtic tribe called the Turones, who inhabited the region about two thousand years ago. In 1044, the control of Touraine
was given to the Angevins, who (as the House of Plantagenet) became kings of England in 1154, the castle of Chinon being their greatest stronghold. In 1205, Philip II Augustus of France regained Touraine. At this time, Touraine
was made into a royal duchy. In 1429, Saint Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
had a historic meeting with the future King of France Charles VII at Chinon. Throughout the late 15th and 16th centuries, Touraine
was a favorite residence of French kings, and the dark and gloomy castles were converted to Renaissance châteaux; for this reason the region was titled "The Garden of France". These same châteaux became popular tourist attractions in modern times. The royal duchy became a province in 1584, and was divided into departments in 1790. Sights[edit] Touraine
is celebrated for its many châteaux: examples are those at Amboise, Azay-le-Rideau, Chenonceaux, Chinon, Langeais, Loches and Villandry. Famous natives[edit]

René Descartes François Rabelais Alfred de Vigny Honoré de Balzac René Boylesve Jean Thurel Jakelin de Mailly

Famous non-natives[edit]

Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
died in Amboise in 1519 Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine
Duke of Touraine
leader of the Army of Scotland in France during the Hundred Years' War

Twin towns[edit]

Khouribga, Morocco Gafsa, Tunisia

See also[edit]

Centre-Val de Loire Touraine

External links[edit] Official website: Touraine
Tourism Board

Media related to Touraine
at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 47°24′N 0°41′E / 47.400°N 0.683°E / 47.400; 0.683

v t e

Historical provinces of France

Alsace Angoumois Anjou Artois Aunis Auvergne Basse-Navarre Béarn Beaujolais Berry Bourbonnais Brittany Burgundy Champagne Corsica Dauphiné Flanders and Hainaut Foix Forez Franche-Comté Gascony Guyenne Île-de-France Languedoc Limousin Lorraine Lyonnais Maine Marche Montbéliard Mulhouse Nice Nivernais Normandy Orléanais Perche Picardy Poitou Provence Roussillon Saintonge Savoy Touraine Trois-Évêchés Venaissin

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