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Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
is an American film distribution label of Walt Disney
Disney
Studios Motion Pictures. Previously, Touchstone operated as an active film production banner of Walt Disney
Disney
Studios, owned by The Walt Disney
Disney
Company. Established on February 15, 1984[1] by then- Disney
Disney
CEO Ron W. Miller as Touchstone Films, similar to the defunct label Hollywood Pictures, it typically releases films targeted to adult audiences with more mature themes and darker tones than those released under the Disney
Disney
name.[2][3] Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
merely serves as a brand and not a distinct business operation, and does not exist as a separate company.[4] In 2009, Disney
Disney
entered into a five year, thirty picture distribution deal with DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Pictures by which DreamWorks' productions would be released through the Touchstone banner.[5][6] Touchstone then distributed DreamWorks' films from 2011 to 2016.

Contents

1 Background 2 History

2.1 Touchstone Films 2.2 Touchstone Pictures

3 Filmography

3.1 Distribution

3.1.1 Highest-grossing films

4 Related units

4.1 Touchstone Television 4.2 Touchstone Games

5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

Background[edit] Due to increased public assumption that Disney
Disney
films were aimed at children and families, films produced by the Walt Disney
Disney
Productions began to falter at the box office as a result.[1] In late 1979, Disney Productions released The Black Hole, a science-fiction movie that was the studio's first production to receive a PG rating (the company, however, had already distributed via Buena Vista Distribution
Buena Vista Distribution
its first PG-rated film, Take Down almost a year before the release of The Black Hole).[7] Over the next few years, Disney
Disney
experimented with more PG-rated fare, such as the 1981 film Condorman.[citation needed] With Disney's 1982 slate of PG-rated films—including the horror-mystery The Watcher in the Woods, the thriller drama Night Crossing, and the science-fiction film Tron—the company lost over $27 million. Tron
Tron
was considered a potential Star Wars-level success film by the film division. A loss of $33 million was registered by the film division in 1983 with the majority resulting from Something Wicked This Way Comes, a horror-fantasy adaptation of Ray Bradbury's novel. Never Cry Wolf, a 1983 PG release that featured male nudity did well as the studio downplayed the film's association with the Disney
Disney
brand.[1] History[edit] Touchstone Films[edit] Touchstone Films was started by then- Disney
Disney
CEO Ron W. Miller on February 15, 1984 as a label for their PG films with an expected three to four movies released under the label. Touchstone's first film was Splash, a huge hit for grossing $68 million at the domestic box office was released that year.[1][8][9] Incoming Disney
Disney
CEO Michael Eisner and film chief Jeffrey Katzenberg
Jeffrey Katzenberg
considered renaming the label to Hollywood Pictures.[10] In 1986, Down and Out in Beverly Hills
Down and Out in Beverly Hills
was another early success for Touchstone and was Disney's first R-rated film. Allowing the momentum to increase with additional films with Ruthless People
Ruthless People
(1986), Outrageous Fortune (1987), Tin Men
Tin Men
(1987), and other top movies.[8] In April 1985, Touchstone Films were licensed to Showtime/The Movie Channel for five years starting in 1986.[11] Touchstone Pictures[edit] Touchstone Films was renamed Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
after the film Ruthless People
Ruthless People
in 1986.[citation needed] With the Touchstone movies, Disney
Disney
moved to the top of box office receipts beating out all the other major film studios by 1988.[8] In April 1988, Touchstone became a unit of Walt Disney Pictures
Walt Disney Pictures
with newly appointed president Ricardo Mestres.[12] On October 23, 1990, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
formed Touchwood Pacific Partners I to supplant the Silver Screen Partnership series as their movie studios' primary funding source.[13] With several production companies getting out of film production or closing shop by December 1988, the Walt Disney
Disney
Studios announced the formation of the Hollywood Pictures
Hollywood Pictures
division, which would only share marketing and distribution with Touchstone, to fill the void. Mestres was appointed president of Hollywood.[10] In July 1992, Touchstone agreed to an exclusive, first-look production and distribution agreement with Merchant Ivory Productions to last three years.[14] Following the success of the Disney-branded PG-13-rated Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl in 2003, and other films that in the 1980s and 1990s would have been released as Touchstone or Hollywood Pictures
Hollywood Pictures
films, Disney
Disney
weighed distribution of films more toward Disney-branded films and away from Touchstone Pictures, though not entirely disbanding them as it continues to use the Touchstone label for R and most PG-13 rated fare.[4] In 2006, Disney
Disney
limited Touchstone's output to two or three films in favor of Walt Disney Pictures titles due to an increase in film industry costs.[15] Disney indicated scaling back on using multiple brands in 2007 with the renaming of Touchstone Television to ABC Television Studio
ABC Television Studio
in February and the outright elimination of the Buena Vista brand in April.[16] Two Touchstone co-productions flopped at the box office minimized by its co-producers financial contributions to the movies.[15] Disney
Disney
revived Touchstone in 2009 to serve as a distribution label for DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Studios' films.[6][17] DreamWorks
DreamWorks
was expected to allow Disney
Disney
to release additional family fare that could be used at its parks and on its channels, but at best DreamWorks
DreamWorks
films have been a modest success.[according to whom?] Disney
Disney
has been financing DreamWorks
DreamWorks
productions with $90 million more available under its agreement if DreamWorks
DreamWorks
cannot get additional equity funding. In 2012, Disney
Disney
reportedly was in early stages in considering Touchstone's fate, including a possible sale.[18] Following Disney's decision not to renew their long-standing deal with Jerry Bruckheimer Films
Jerry Bruckheimer Films
in 2013, producer Jerry Bruckheimer
Jerry Bruckheimer
revealed that he insisted on revitalizing the Touchstone label for production. Disney
Disney
was uninterested, with studio chairman Alan Horn
Alan Horn
admitting that Touchstone's output had been reduced to distributing DreamWorks' films as those films are in the label's wheelhouse.[19] In addition to DreamWorks' films, Touchstone has also released non Disney-branded animated films such as Gnomeo & Juliet, The Wind Rises and Strange Magic.[20] By the end of the DreamWorks
DreamWorks
deal, Disney
Disney
had distributed fourteen of DreamWorks' original 30-picture agreement, with thirteen through Touchstone.[21][22] The deal ended in August 2016, with The Light Between Oceans being the last film released under the agreement. Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
then replaced Disney
Disney
as DreamWorks' distributor.[23][24] Disney
Disney
will retain the distribution rights for these DreamWorks
DreamWorks
films in perpetuity as compensation for the studio's outstanding loan.[25] Filmography[edit] Main article: List of Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
films Some well-known Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
releases include Beaches, Splash, The Color of Money, Ernest Goes to Camp, Adventures in Babysitting, Good Morning, Vietnam, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Dead Poets Society, Pretty Woman, Dick Tracy, What About Bob?, Sister Act, When a Man Loves a Woman, Ed Wood, Rushmore, The Insider, Unbreakable, The Royal Tenenbaums, Signs, Sweet Home Alabama, The Prestige, The Proposal, The Help, War Horse, Lincoln, and Bridge of Spies. Its highest-grossing film release is Armageddon. Although animated films are primarily released by Walt Disney
Disney
Pictures, Touchstone's animated releases include the original theatrical release of The Nightmare Before Christmas, Gnomeo & Juliet, The Wind Rises, and Strange Magic. Six Touchstone films have received an Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination for Best Picture; Dead Poets Society, The Insider, The Help, War Horse, Lincoln, and Bridge of Spies.[26] Through Touchstone, Disney's first R-rated film, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, came in January 31, 1986 and was a large box-office success. Ruthless People
Ruthless People
followed in June 27, 1986 and was also very successful. Both of these pictures starred Bette Midler, who had signed a six-picture deal with Disney
Disney
and became a major film star again with these hits as well as Beaches and Outrageous Fortune. One of the key producers behind Touchstone films has been producer Jerry Bruckheimer, who had a production deal with Disney
Disney
from 1993 to 2014.[27][28] His Touchstone titles include The Ref, Con Air, Enemy of the State, Gone in 60 Seconds, Coyote Ugly, Pearl Harbor, Bad Company, Veronica Guerin, King Arthur and Déjà Vu. In addition, Bruckheimer has also produced several other films released under the Disney
Disney
and Hollywood labels. Distribution[edit] Releases from Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
are distributed theatrically by Walt Disney
Disney
Studios Motion Pictures and through home media platforms via Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment
(branded as "Touchstone Home Entertainment").[29] Touchstone is also a distribution label for Disney. Highest-grossing films[edit]

Highest-grossing films in North America[30]

Rank Title Year Box office gross

1 Signs 2002 $227,966,634

2 Armageddon 1998 $201,578,182

3 Pearl Harbor 2001 $198,542,554

4 Lincoln 2012 $182,207,973

5 Pretty Woman 1990 $178,406,268

6 The Help 2011 $169,708,112

7 Wild Hogs 2007 $168,273,550

8 Three Men and a Baby 1987 $167,780,960

9 The Proposal 2009 $163,958,031

10 The Waterboy 1998 $161,491,646

11 Who Framed Roger Rabbit 1988 $156,452,370

12 Sister Act 1992 $139,605,150

13 Ransom 1996 $136,492,681

14 Bringing Down the House 2003 $132,716,677

15 Sweet Home Alabama 2003 $127,223,418

16 Good Morning, Vietnam 1987 $123,922,370

17 The Village 2004 $114,197,520

18 Enemy of the State 1998 $111,549,836

19 Phenomenon 1996 $104,636,382

20 Dick Tracy 1990 $103,738,726

21 Gone in 60 Seconds 2000 $101,648,571

22 Con Air 1997 $101,117,573

23 Gnomeo & Juliet 2011 $99,967,670

24 Dead Poets Society 1989 $95,860,116

25 Unbreakable 2000 $95,011,339

Highest-grossing films worldwide

Rank Title Year Box office gross

1 Armageddon 1998 $553,709,788

2 Pretty Woman 1990 $463,406,268

3 Pearl Harbor 2001 $449,220,945

4 Signs 2002 $408,247,917

5 Who Framed Roger Rabbit 1988 $329,803,958

6 The Proposal 2009 $317,375,031

7 Ransom 1996 $309,492,681

8 Real Steel 2011 $299,268,508

9 Lincoln 2012 $275,293,450

10 The Village 2004 $256,697,520

11 Wild Hogs 2007 $253,625,427

12 Enemy of the State 1998 $250,649,836

13 Unbreakable 2000 $248,118,121

14 Gone in 60 Seconds 2000 $237,202,299

15 Dead Poets Society 1989 $235,860,116

16 Sister Act 1992 $231,605,150

17 Con Air 1997 $224,012,234

18 Flightplan 2005 $223,387,299

19 The Help 2011 $216,639,112

20 King Arthur 2004 $203,567,857

21 Need for Speed 2014 $203,277,636

22 Gnomeo & Juliet 2011 $193,967,670

23 The Waterboy 1998 $185,991,646

24 Sweet Home Alabama 2002 $180,622,424

25 War Horse 2011 $177,584,879

Related units[edit] Touchstone Television[edit] Main article: ABC Studios Disney's former non- Disney
Disney
branded television division Touchstone Television Productions, LLC (formerly known as Touchstone Films Television Division, Touchstone Films Television, Touchstone Pictures Television and Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
and Television [itself an alternate version of the Walt Disney
Disney
Television names] and later Touchstone Television) is known for being the production company of the series The Golden Girls, Blossom, Home Improvement, Boy Meets World
Boy Meets World
(all four began before Disney's ABC acquisition), My Wife and Kids, Desperate Housewives, Lost, Grey's Anatomy, Scrubs, Miracles and Monk. On February 8, 2007 at the Disney
Disney
Investor Conference, then- Disney–ABC Television Group
Disney–ABC Television Group
President Anne Sweeney, announced that they would rebrand Touchstone Television to ABC Television Studio in order to tie its successful productions more closely with the ABC brand. The announcement was made as part of a company-wide strategy to focus on three core brands, Disney, ABC and ESPN.[31] In May 2007, the television production company yet again changed its name, this time to ABC Studios. Touchstone Games[edit] Main article: Disney
Disney
Interactive Studios By the end of 2007, Disney's video game subsidiary Buena Vista Games began to produce material under its own Touchstone imprint. As is the case with its motion picture and television counterparts, Touchstone Games merely acts as a label/imprint of Disney
Disney
Interactive and not its own entity. The first such release was the Turok video game in 2008. References[edit]

^ a b c d Harmetz, Aljean (February 16, 1984). "Touchstone Label to Replace Disney
Disney
Name on Some Films". New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2015.  ^ McClintock, Pamela (September 24, 2015). "Will Steven Spielberg Drop the DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Name?". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 4, 2015.  ^ Deitchman, Beth (March 7, 2014). "It's Been 30 Years Since Touchstone Pictures' Splash-y Debut". Disney
Disney
D23. Retrieved August 29, 2014.  ^ a b Letter signed by Thomas O. Staggs
Thomas O. Staggs
(Senior Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer, The Walt Disney
Disney
Company) to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, March 1, 2007. Retrieved on May 6, 2013. ^ "The Walt Disney
Disney
Company: 2011 Annual Financial Report" (PDF). The Walt Disney
Disney
Company. Retrieved December 30, 2012.  Page 12 ^ a b Variety: Disney
Disney
signs deal with DreamWorks; Company will handle distribution for films, Variety, February 9, 2009 ^ " Disney
Disney
plans show for 'older' viewers". July 28, 1980. Retrieved Feb 21, 2016.  ^ a b c " The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
History". Company Profiles. fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved November 6, 2012.  ^ 1984 Yearly Chart for Domestic Grosses at boxofficemojo.com, Retrieved on May 25, 2007. ^ a b Harmetz, Aljean (December 2, 1988). "COMPANY NEWS; Disney Expansion Set; Film
Film
Output to Double". New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2015.  ^ "Two Studios Announce Exclusive Cable Deals". New York Times. April 25, 1986. Retrieved October 9, 2015.  ^ "People: Los Angeles County". Los Angeles Times. April 13, 1988. Retrieved March 17, 2015.  ^ "Disney, Japan Investors Join in Partnership : Movies: Group will become main source of finance for all live-action films at the company's three studios". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. October 23, 1990. Retrieved 18 July 2012.  ^ Fox, David J. (July 27, 1992). "An Unlikely Trio: Merchant, Ivory and Disney : Movies: The 'Howards End' team agrees to a three-year deal that will give their artful fare wider distribution. The studio will also release 'Sarafina!'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 14, 2018.  ^ a b Brooks, Barnes; Michael Cieply. " Disney
Disney
and DreamWorks
DreamWorks
form partnership". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2013.  ^ Fixmer, Fixmer (April 25, 2007). " Disney
Disney
to Drop Buena Vista Brand Name, People Say (Update1)". bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on September 18, 2011. Retrieved November 28, 2012.  ^ Barnes, Brooks; Michael Cieply (February 9, 2009). " DreamWorks
DreamWorks
and Disney
Disney
Agree to a Distribution Deal". The New York Times. Retrieved September 29, 2013.  ^ Atkinson, Claire (January 7, 2012). " Disney
Disney
mulls future of sluggish Touchstone". New York Post. Retrieved January 7, 2012.  ^ Masters, Kim (September 19, 2013). "Disney, Jerry Bruckheimer
Jerry Bruckheimer
to Split in 2014". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 20, 2013.  ^ Butler, Karen (November 11, 2014). "Lucasfilm's animated 'Strange Magic' set for Jan. 23 release". UPI. Retrieved March 17, 2015.  ^ Pamela McClintock; Gregg Kilday (December 16, 2015). "Steven Spielberg, Jeff Skoll Team to Form Amblin Partners, Strike Distribution Deal With Universal". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 22, 2015.  ^ " DreamWorks
DreamWorks
Studios, Participant Media, Reliance Entertainment and Entertainment One Form Amblin Partners, a New Film, Television and Digital Content Creation Company" (Press release). Business Wire. Universal City, California. December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015. Film
Film
projects in various stages of production include: “The BFG,” and “The Light Between Oceans,” scheduled for release by Disney
Disney
in 2016.  ^ Masters, Kim (September 2, 2015). "Steven Spielberg's DreamWorks
DreamWorks
to Split From Disney, in Talks With Universal (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 3, 2015.  ^ McNary, Dave (September 2, 2015). "Steven Spielberg's DreamWorks
DreamWorks
to Leave Disney, Possibly for Universal". Variety. Retrieved September 3, 2015.  ^ Rainey, James (December 30, 2015). "Steven Spielberg Puts His Own Big Bucks Into the New Amblin Partners (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved January 1, 2016.  ^ Tribou, Richard (January 16, 2014). "Not-so-golden year for Disney's chances at the Oscars". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved February 20, 2016.  ^ Miller, Daniel (September 19, 2013). " Disney
Disney
and Jerry Bruckheimer to end longtime partnership". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 20, 2013.  ^ Lev, Michael (January 18, 1991, Friday), 2 Top Movie Producers Sign Disney
Disney
Accord, The New York Times Financial Desk. Late Edition – Final, Section D, Page 3, Column 1, 286 words ^ "The Walt Disney
Disney
Studios' Distribution Arm Buena Vista Pictures Commits Content to Christie". www.christiedigital.com. Retrieved 2017-10-18.  ^ "Box Office by Studio – Disney
Disney
All Time". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 29, 2016.  ^ The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
News Release, "Disney-ABC Television Group Renames Television Studio". Retrieved on May 25, 2007

Further reading[edit]

Maltin, Leonard, The Disney
Disney
Films, Fourth Edition (2000). Smith, Dave, Disney
Disney
A to Z: The Updated Official Encyclopedia (1998)

External links[edit]

Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
on IMDbPro (subscription required) Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
at Movie Insider List of all films released by Disney
Disney
regardless of label

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