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The _TORONTO STAR_ is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper . It is Canada's highest-circulation newspaper on overall weekly circulation; although it is a close second to _ The Globe and Mail _ in daily circulation on weekdays and Saturdays, it overtakes the _Globe_ in weekly circulation because it publishes a Sunday edition while the _Globe_ does not. It is owned by Toronto
Toronto
Star Newspapers Ltd., a division of Star Media Group , a subsidiary of Torstar Corporation.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Formation * 1.2 Atkinson\'s influence * 1.3 Involvement with broadcasting * 1.4 1970s to present

* 2 The _Star_ brand

* 2.1 Editorial position * 2.2 Features * 2.3 Competitive position

* 3 Current developments

* 3.1 Sing Tao (Canada) * 3.2 Paywall * 3.3 Star Touch tablet app * 3.4 Closing of printing plants

* 4 Notable _Star_ personalities (past and present)

* 4.1 Publishers * 4.2 Presidents and CEOs of Torstar * 4.3 Journalists and columnists * 4.4 Cartoonists

* 5 Office locations of the _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links

HISTORY

_ Horatio Clarence Hocken , founder of the Star_

FORMATION

The _Star_ (originally known as the _Evening Star_ and then the _ Toronto
Toronto
Daily Star_) was created in 1892 by striking _ Toronto
Toronto
News _ printers and writers, led by future Mayor of Toronto
Toronto
and social reformer Horatio Clarence Hocken , who became the newspaper's founder, along with another future mayor, Jimmy Simpson .

_The Star_ was first printed on _ Toronto
Toronto
World _ presses, and at its formation _The World_ owned a 51% interest in it as a silent partner. That arrangement only lasted for two months, during which time it was rumoured that William Findlay "Billy" Maclean , the _World'_s proprietor, was considering selling the _Star_ to the Riordon family. After an extensive fundraising campaign among the _Star_ staff, Maclean agreed to sell his interest to Hocken.

The paper did poorly in its first few years. Hocken sold out within the year, and several owners followed in succession until Sir William Mackenzie bought it in 1896. Its new editors, Edmund E. Sheppard and Frederic Thomas Nicholls , moved the entire _Star_ operation into the same building used by the magazine _Saturday Night _. This would continue until Joseph E. "Holy Joe" Atkinson , backed by funds raised by supporters of Sir Wilfrid Laurier , bought the paper. The supporters included Senator George Cox , William Mulock , Peter Charles Larkin and Timothy Eaton .

ATKINSON\'S INFLUENCE

Joseph E. Atkinson , c. 1910s

Atkinson was the _Star_'s editor from 1899 until his death in 1948. Its early opposition and criticism of the Nazi regime saw the paper become one of the first North American papers to be banned in Germany.

Atkinson had a social conscience. He championed many causes that would come to be associated with the modern welfare state : old age pensions , unemployment insurance , and health care . The Government of Canada
Canada
Digital Collections website describes Atkinson as "a 'radical' in the best sense of that term.... The _Star_ was unique among North American newspapers in its consistent, ongoing advocacy of the interests of ordinary people. The friendship of Atkinson, the publisher, with Mackenzie King , the prime minister , was a major influence on the development of Canadian social policy."

Atkinson became the controlling shareholder of the _Star_. The _Star_ was frequently criticized for practising the yellow journalism of its era. For decades, the paper included heavy doses of crime and sensationalism, along with advocating social change. From 1910 to 1973, the _Star_ published a weekend supplement, the _ Star Weekly _.

Shortly before his death in 1948, Joseph E. Atkinson transferred ownership of the paper to a charitable organization given the mandate of continuing the paper's liberal tradition. In 1949, the Province of Ontario
Ontario
passed the _Charitable Gifts Act_, barring charitable organizations from owning large parts of profit-making businesses, that effectively required the _Star_ to be sold.

Atkinson's will had directed that profits from the paper's operations were "for the promotion and maintenance of social, scientific and economic reforms which are charitable in nature, for the benefit of the people of the province of Ontario" and it stipulated that the paper could be sold only to people who shared his social views. The five trustees of the charitable organization circumvented the Act by buying the paper themselves and swearing before the Supreme Court of Ontario
Ontario
to continue what became known as the "Atkinson Principles":

The Atkinson Principles

* A strong, united and independent Canada * Social justice * Individual and civil liberties * Community and civic engagement * The rights of working people * The necessary role of government

Descendants of the original owners, known as "the five families", still control the voting shares of Torstar , and the Atkinson Principles continue to guide the paper to this day. In February 2006, _Star_ media columnist Antonia Zerbisias wrote on her blog:

“ Besides, we are the _Star_ which means we all have the Atkinson Principles—and its multi-culti values—tattooed on our butts. Fine with me. At least we are upfront about our values, and they almost always work in favour of building a better Canada. ”

INVOLVEMENT WITH BROADCASTING

The Old Toronto
Toronto
Star Building , 80 King St West, in 1961

From 1922 to 1933, the _Star_ was also a radio broadcaster on its station CFCA , broadcasting on a wavelength of 400 metres (749.48 kHz ), whose coverage was complementary to the paper's reporting. It was closed following the establishment of the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission and the introduction of a government policy that in essence restricted private stations to an effective radiated power of 100 watts . It would continue to supply sponsored content to the CRBC's station CRCT (later becoming the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation 's station CBL ), which arrangement would last until 1946.

1970S TO PRESENT

In 1971, the newspaper was renamed _The Toronto
Toronto
Star_ and moved to a modern office tower at One Yonge Street by Queens Quay . The original _Star_ Building at 80 King Street West was demolished to make room for First Canadian Place
First Canadian Place
. The new building originally housed the paper's presses. In 1992, the printing plant was moved to the Toronto
Toronto
Star Press Centre at the Highway 407 "> One Yonge Street – Current head office, built in 1970

EDITORIAL POSITION

Its precise position in the political spectrum—especially in relation to one of its principal competitors, _The Globe and Mail _—is at times disputed but the _Star_ is generally considered to be the most liberal of Canada's major papers. Long a voice of Canadian nationalism, the paper opposed free trade with the United States in the 1980s and has recently expressed concern about U.S. takeovers of Canadian firms.

The _Star_ was an early opponent of the Iraq War
Iraq War
and sharply criticized most policies of George W. Bush , but supported Canadian participation in U.S. continental missile defense. Editorials have denounced political correctness at Canadian universities, opposed proportional representation , and called for more restrictive copyright laws .

In the early 2000s, the newspaper has promoted "a new deal for cities". Historically, its coverage was Toronto-centric to the point that any story was said to carry an explanation as to "What it means to Metro ."

The paper usually endorses the Liberal Party federally. The _Star_ was the only major daily to do so in the 2006 and the 2008 federal elections while many of the other major papers endorsed the Conservatives . The _Star_ endorsed the social democratic New Democratic Party (NDP) leader Ed Broadbent in 1979 and it has been over forty years since it last endorsed the Progressive Conservative party under leader Robert Stanfield in 1972. The paper endorsed the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario
Ontario
in some of the provincial elections from the 1940s to the 1980s, and endorsed strategic voting to try to defeat Mike Harris
Mike Harris
in 1999, which they failed to do.

Though Toronto
Toronto
mayoral elections are non-partisan, during the 2010 mayoral election , it endorsed George Smitherman , who before the election was a provincial cabinet member of McGuinty's Liberal government. In the 2014 mayoral election , as with all the other major Toronto-based daily newspapers, it endorsed John Tory , who would later win the election.

The Toronto
Toronto
Star endorsed the NDP for the 2011 federal election , stating that its platform "puts people first" and that Jack Layton
Jack Layton
has won the trust of many voters. To avoid vote-splitting that could inadvertently help the Conservatives under Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
, which it saw as the worst outcome for the country, the paper also recommended Canadians vote strategically by voting for "the progressive candidate best placed to win" in certain ridings.

For the 2015 federal election, the Toronto
Toronto
Star endorsed the Liberal Party, stating that "The Liberal party under Justin Trudeau has crafted an alternative vision for the country that deserves the support of those who believe Canada
Canada
can be more generous, more ambitious and more successful." They criticised the Conservatives for having a "destructive agenda" and stated that they "play shamelessly on public anxiety about terrorism, refugees and, of all unlikely things, the niqab." It also criticized the Postmedia chain for imposing a common editorial position on its papers, but was also criticized in turn for its "moral self-righteousness."

FEATURES

_ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ paperboy in Whitby in 1940

The _Star_ is one of the few Canadian newspapers that employs a "public editor " (ombudsman ) and was the first to do so. Its newsroom policy and journalistic standards guide is also published online.

Other notable features include:

* an in-depth world news section called "World Weekly" on Saturdays, with a column by Tony Burman (this section is only available to residential subscriptions without any additional payment and the section contains no advertisements) * optional supplements on Friday/Saturday ("That's Puzzling!" (puzzle booklet with University of Toronto
Toronto
semiotics and linguistic anthropology professor Marcel Danesi as featured contributor)), Saturday (Starweek (television listings and episode summaries)), and Sunday (abridged version of _ The New York Times _ international section, _New York Times_ Crosswords, editorials, and book reviews) ("That's Puzzling!", the "Starweek", and _The New York Times_ supplements require separate additional payment)

The _Star_ states that it favours an inclusive, "big tent " approach, not wishing to attract one group of readers at the expense of others. It publishes special sections for Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year
and Gay Pride Week , along with regular features on real estate (including condominiums), individual neighbourhoods (and street name etymologies), shopping, cooking, dining, alcoholic beverages (right down to having an exclusive on the anti-competitive practices of the Beer Store that led to major reforms on the sale of alcohol in Ontario
Ontario
grocery stores in 2015 by Premier Kathleen Wynne and Ed Clark ), automobiles (as Wheels), and travel destinations.

Since the mid-2010s, the sports and business sections are consolidated on some days and eventually, all weekdays.

COMPETITIVE POSITION

_ Reliefs recovered from the demolition of the former Toronto Star_ building on King Street. Located at the Guild Park and Gardens in Scarborough .

_ This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (May 2010)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_

The advent of the _ National Post _ in 1998 shook up the Toronto newspaper market. In the upheaval that followed, editorial spending increased and there was much hiring and firing of editors and publishers. Toronto
Toronto
newspapers have yet to undergo the large-scale layoffs that have occurred at most other newspapers in Canada
Canada
and the United States.

The _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ has been profitable in most recent years. The residual strength of the _Star_ is its commanding circulation lead in Ontario. The paper remains a "must buy" for most advertisers. Some competing papers consistently lose money, are only marginally profitable, or do not break out earnings in a way that makes comparison possible. However, the _Star_ has long been criticized for inflating circulation through bulk sales at discount rates.

Margins have declined and some losses have been recorded. In 2006, several financial analysts expressed dissatisfaction with the _Star_'s performance and downgraded their recommendations on the stock of its parent company, Torstar. In October 2006, the publisher and editor-in-chief of the _Star_ were replaced amid reports of boardroom battles about the direction of the company. A redesigned paper launched in May 2007. It featured 17% less space for editorial content and a greater emphasis on local coverage. However, the paper reverted to its pre-May 2007 design on January 1, 2009.

CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS

SING TAO (CANADA)

Sing Tao Daily (Canada) , editorial office in Markham, Ontario
Ontario
.

In 1998, the _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ purchased a majority stake in Sing Tao\'s Canadian newspaper , which it jointly owns with Sing Tao News Corporation . Sing Tao (Canada) encountered controversy in April 2008, after media watchers discovered the paper had altered a translated _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ article about the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games protests to adhere to Chinese government's official line. Sing Tao's then editor Wilson Chan was fired over this.

PAYWALL

In October 2012, the _Star_ announced its intention to implement a paywall on its website, thestar.com, which was made effective on August 13, 2013. Readers with daily home delivery had free access to all its digital content. Those without a digital subscription can view up to ten articles a month. The paywall does not apply to its sister sites, such as wheels.ca (automotive news and classifieds) or Workopolis (career search). However, during late 2013, the _Star_ announced that it would end its paywall, which it did on April 1, 2015, amid its lack of digital subscriptions.

STAR TOUCH TABLET APP

On September 15, 2015, the _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ released the Toronto
Toronto
Star Touch tablet app, which is a free interactive news app with interactive advertisements. At launch, it was only available for the iPad , which uses iOS . Based on a similar app for Montreal-based _La Presse _ released in 2013, Star Touch is the first such app for any English-language news organization, quality-wise. In slightly over 50 days since launch, the app had reached the 100,000-download milestone. The Android version was launched on December 1, 2015. The iOS version is rated 12+ by Apple\'s App Store guidelines and the Android version is rated Mature 17+ by the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB).

CLOSING OF PRINTING PLANTS

On January 15, 2016, the _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ announced they will be closing its printing plant, and outsourcing all print production starting in July 2016. The newspaper said it would close their printing plant so they can better focus on their digital outlets.

NOTABLE _STAR_ PERSONALITIES (PAST AND PRESENT)

PUBLISHERS

* Joseph E. Atkinson (1899–1948) * Joseph S. Atkinson (1948–1966) * Beland Honderich (1966–1988) * David R. Jolley (1988–1994) * John Honderich (1995–2004) * Michael Goldbloom (2004–2006) * Jagoda Pike (2006–2008) * Donald Babick (2008) * John Cruickshank (2009–2016) * John Boynton (2017–present)

PRESIDENTS AND CEOS OF TORSTAR

* Beland Honderich 1966–1988 (as President), 1976–1988 (as CEO and Chair) * David R. Jolley 1988–1994 * David A. Galloway 1988–2002 * J. Robert S. Prichard 2002–2009 * David P. Holland 2009–2017 * John Boynton 2017–present

JOURNALISTS AND COLUMNISTS

* Malene Arpe * Pierre Berton * Robert Benzie * Debra Black * Margaret L. Bream * Tony Burman * Morley Callaghan * June Callwood * Greg Clark * Jeremy Clarkson * Martin Regg Cohn * Daniel Dale * Susan Delacourt * Rosie DiManno * Kevin Donovan * Robyn Doolittle * Milt Dunnell * Joe Fiorito * Graham Fraser * Michael Geist * Carol Goar * Alison Gordon * Richard Gwyn * Matthew Halton * Tim Harper * Tom Harpur * Chantal Hébert * Ernest Hemingway * Bob Hepburn * Kim Hughes * Peter Howell * Christopher Hume * Royson James * Marc and Craig Kielburger * Tess Kalinowski * Nicholas Keung * Naomi Klein * Faisal Kutty * Michele Landsberg * Gary Lautens * Duncan Macpherson * Linda McQuaig * Earl McRae * Heather Mallick * Dow Marmur * Lou Marsh * Adam Mayers * Vijay Menon * Cal Millar * Corey Mintz * Raju Mudhar * Peter C. Newman * David Olive * Cleo Paskal * Angelo Persichilli * Mitch Potter * Ben Rayner * Ellen Roseman * Rob Salem * Rick Salutin * Robert Service * Haroon Siddiqui * Gordon Sinclair * Ben Spurr * Randy Starkman * Gillian Steward * Walter Stewart * Charles Templeton * Ellie Tesher * James Travers * Thomas Walkom * Rick Westhead * Antonia Zerbisias * Desmond Cole

CARTOONISTS

* Walter Ball * Sid Barron * Les Callan * Patrick Corrigan * Jimmy Frise * Duncan Macpherson * Theo Moudakis * Greg Perry * Dušan Petričić * Joe Shuster
Joe Shuster
* Ben Wicks

OFFICE LOCATIONS OF THE _TORONTO STAR_

The _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ has been located at several addresses from 1892 to 1970.

* 1892: 83 Yonge Street (shared with the Toronto
Toronto
World ) * 1896: 26-28 Adelaide Street West * 1905: 18-20 King Street West * 1929: 80 King Street West (Old Toronto
Toronto
Star Building ) * 1970: One Yonge Street

SEE ALSO

* _ Toronto
Toronto
portal * Journalism portal

* Grant v Torstar Corp _ * List of newspapers in Canada
Canada
* Metroland Media Group – Largest division of company * Old Toronto
Toronto
Star Building * One Yonge Street – Current office space of the paper * Star Media Group * Timeline of Rob Ford video scandal (as the _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_ played a major role in uncovering the scandal, along with other media) * Torstar – Parent company to the _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_

NOTES

* ^ owners of the Riordon Pulp and Paper Company, and investors in _ The Hamilton Spectator _, _ Toronto
Toronto
Mail_ and the _ Toronto
Toronto
Evening News _. * ^ The _Charitable Gifts Act_, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.8 , repealed in 2009 by the _Good Government Act, 2009_, S.O. 2009, c. 33, Sch. 2 * ^ But the Act's repeal in 2009 does not mean that charities in Ontario
Ontario
can now set up for-profit companies or pursue business activities. * ^ being the Atkinson, Hindmarsh, Campbell, Honderich and Thall families

REFERENCES

* ^ " Toronto
Toronto
Star endorses the NDP". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. April 30, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011. * ^ "But vote strategically". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. April 30, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011. * ^ "World Newspapers and Magazines: Canada". Worldpress.org. 2007. Retrieved November 2, 2007. * ^ "Star\'s choice: Dion, Liberals". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. October 11, 2008. Retrieved October 12, 2008. * ^ " Toronto
Toronto
Star boosts circulation: CCAB". _Media in Canada_. Brunico Communications. August 16, 2016. Retrieved October 23, 2016. * ^ Canadian Circulations Audit Board Circulation Report for January to December 2010. Retrieved February 16, 2012. (registration required ) * ^ "Circulation Report: Daily Newspapers 2015". _Newspapers Canada_, June 2016. * ^ Archer 1947 , p. 3. * ^ _A_ _B_ Sotiron 2005 . * ^ Rutherford 1982 . * ^ Archer 1947 , pp. 4–5. * ^ Archer 1947 , pp. 5–6. * ^ _A_ _B_ Archer 1947 , p. 6. * ^ Otto, Stephen A. (2005). "Larkin, Peter Charles". In Cook, Ramsay; Bélanger, Réal. _ Dictionary of Canadian Biography _. XV (1921–1930) (online ed.). University of Toronto
Toronto
Press. * ^ "A Canadian Observer". Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre. * ^ Bienvenue au site Web Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Canada
/ Welcome to the Library and Archives Canada
Canada
website. Collectionscanada.gc.ca (2012-08-30). Retrieved on 2013-08-17. * ^ Powell, Betsy (November 6, 2002). "Atkinson\'s will kept Star\'s resolve". _The Toronto
Toronto
Star_. Toronto. Retrieved January 12, 2011. * ^ Bourgeois, Donald. "The Charitable Gifts Act: A Commentary". Retrieved January 12, 2011. * ^ Lazier, Kate; Manwaring, Susan M. (December 2009). "Ontario Government passes _Good Government Act_ that includes positive changes for charities" (PDF). Miller Thomson . * ^ Martin, Sandra (November 8, 2005). "Beland Honderich, 86". _The Globe and Mail _. * ^ "Atkinson Principles". Torstar . Retrieved August 2, 2013. * ^ "Information Circular" (PDF). Torstar Corporation . March 1, 2016. pp. 3–5. * ^ Antonia Zerbisias (February 20, 2006). "Kartoon Kontroversy Kontinues". Retrieved August 2, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Plummer, Kevin (March 22, 2014). "Historicist: An Invisible Giant". _torontoist.com_. * ^ Torstar’s Vaughan
Vaughan
Press Centre celebrates 20th anniversary * ^ Kuntz, J. Fred (May 28, 2007). "You spoke, we listened: Here are the changes". _The Star_. Toronto. Retrieved May 25, 2010. * ^ The Sixth Estate » Media Bias. Sixthestate.net (2011-05-28). Retrieved on 2013-08-17. * ^ Farber, Michael (August 27, 1985). "Stock deal ends talk of takeover". _ Montreal Gazette _. p. A-3. * ^ "The Star\'s choices for Toronto
Toronto
mayor: George Smitherman". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. October 17, 2010. Retrieved October 26, 2010. * ^ " Toronto
Toronto
Star endorses the NDP". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. April 30, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2011. * ^ "But vote strategically". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. April 30, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2011. * ^ " Toronto
Toronto
Star endorses Liberal leader Justin Trudeau for prime minister". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. October 9, 2015. Retrieved October 9, 2015.

* ^ Corcoran, Terence (November 17, 2015). "The Toronto
Toronto
Star should step off its high horse". _The National Post _. * ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star Newsroom Policy and Journalistic Standards Guide Toronto
Toronto
Star. Thestar.com (2011-12-07). Retrieved on 2013-08-17. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Lost in Translation". _ Toronto
Toronto
Life_. August 2008. Retrieved Feb 22, 2013. * ^ "Star Media Group". Torstar Corporation. Retrieved Feb 22, 2013. * ^ "Editor Dismissed Over Pro-Beijing Edits, Say Sources". _The Epoch Times_. April 9, 2009. Retrieved Feb 22, 2013. * ^ The Star to launch digital subscription * ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star launches digital subscriptions: Publisher * ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star moving behind paywall * ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star * ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star * ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star * ^ Toronto
Toronto
Star * ^ iTunes * ^ Google * ^ Toronto
Toronto
Sun * ^ A collection of Hemingway's work in the Star was published as _Dateline: Toronto
Toronto
_ * ^ Kim Hughes (May 18, 2008). "The soundtrack of a generation". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. Retrieved September 28, 2010. * ^ Kim Hughes (July 8, 2007). "They loved, lusted, lost". _Toronto Star_. Retrieved September 28, 2010. * ^ "Harper finds new communication director in ranks of ethnic media". _ The Globe and Mail _, August 31, 2011. * ^ Gordon, Cameron. "Toronto\'s Star... Ben Rayner In a rockcritics.com interview". Rockcritics.com. Retrieved 8 September 2013. * ^ "Ben Rayner". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. Retrieved 8 September 2013. * ^ "History of the Toronto
Toronto
Star". _ Toronto
Toronto
Star_. Retrieved April 5, 2017.

FURTHER READING

* Archer, William L. (1947). _Joe Atkinson\'s Toronto
Toronto
Star: The Genius of Crooked Lane_. Montreal. * Harkness, Ross (1963). _J.E. Atkinson of the Star_. Toronto: University of Toronto
Toronto
Press . OCLC
OCLC
1402965 . * Rutherford, Paul (1982). "Riordon (Riordan), John". In Halpenny, Francess G. _ Dictionary of Canadian Biography _. XI (1881–1890) (online ed.). University of Toronto
Toronto
Press. * Sotiron, Minko (2005). "Maclean, William Findlay". In Cook, Ramsay; Bélanger, Réal. _ Dictionary of Canadian Biography _. XV (1921–1930) (online ed.). University of Toronto
Toronto
Press. * Templeton, Charles (1983). "Inside the Toronto
Toronto
Star". _Charles Templeton, an anecdotal memoir_. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart . ISBN 978-0-7710-8545-1 . OCLC
OCLC
11158533 . Retrieved February 13, 2010. * Vincent, Trista (March 1999). "Manufacturing Concern :: Ryerson Review of Journalism". Retrieved January 6, 2011. * Walkom, Thomas L (1994). _Rae Days_. Toronto: Key Porter Books . ISBN 978-1-55013-598-5 . OCLC
OCLC
30669140 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to TORONTO STAR