The TORONTO PURCHASE was the surrender of lands in the
* 1 1787 purchase * 2 1805 indenture * 3 2010 settlement * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
Under the Treaty of Paris which ended the conflict between Great Britain and its former colonies, the boundary of British North America was set in the middle of the Great Lakes. This made the land north of the border more important, strategically and as the place for Loyalists to settle after the war. In 1781, the Mississaugas surrendered a strip of land along the Niagara River , and in 1783, land on the Bay of Quinte for the Mohawks who had been loyal to the British to settle (today's Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory ). Between 1783 and 1785, 10,000 Loyalists arrived and were settling on land the Crown had recognized as _Indian Land._ In 1784, the Mississaugas surrendered more land in the Niagara peninsula, including land on the Grand River for the Iroquois.
In 1786, Lord Dorchester arrived in Quebec City as Governor-in-Chief of British North America. His mission was to solve the problems of the newly landed Loyalists. At first, Dorchester suggested opening the new Canada West as districts under the Quebec government, but the British Government made known its intention to split Canada into Upper and Lower Canada. Dorchester began organizing for the new province of Upper Canada, including a capital. Dorchester's first choice was Kingston, but was aware of the number of Loyalists in the Bay of Quinte and Niagara areas, and chose instead the location north of the Bay of Toronto, midway between the settlements and 30 miles (48 km) from the US. Under the policy of the time, the British recognized aboriginal title to the land and Dorchester arranged to purchase the lands from the Mississaugas .
The 1787 purchase, according to British records, was conducted on
September 23, 1787, at the "Carrying-Place" of
Bay of Quinte . The
British crown and the Mississaugas of New Credit met to arrange for
the surrender of lands along Lake Ontario. In the case of the Toronto
area, the Mississaugas of New Credit exchanged 250,808 acres (101,498
ha) of land in what became York County (most of current
At the time, the Mississaugas believed that the agreement was not a purchase extinguishing their rights to the land, but a rental of the lands for British use in exchange for gifts and presents in perpetuity.
In 1788, surveyor Alexander Aitken was assigned to conduct a survey
An Indenture (a revision) of the deal was made on August 1, 1805. Both the 1787 Purchase and its 1805 Indenture were registered as CROWN TREATY NO. 13.
The Purchased was signed by Sir John Johnson , William Claus (deputy
superintendent of Indian Affairs representing the Crown). Witness
consisted of: Ratification of
* Captain JW Williams of the 49th Regiment * Prideaux Selby of the Indian Department
Confirming Indian Chief Totems
* Jean-Bonaventure Rousseaux '(_Jean Rousseaux_)' - fur trader
* Chehalk * Queneperion * Okemaperesse * Wabensse * Kenebonecence * Osenego * Acheton
The land sold consists of:
* former city of
* former city of
* former city of
For this revision, the Mississaugas were given the amount of ten shillings.
The Mississaugas of New Credit First Nation also claimed the Toronto Islands , which was not part of the purchase as the agreement only went to the Lake Ontario shoreline.
Starting in 1986, the Mississaugas opened a land claims settlement
process with the
Government of Canada to rectify its grievance over
* ^ Bellegarde 2003 .
* ^ Hounsom 1970 , pp. xiv-xv.
* ^ Smith 1987 , p. 26.
* ^ Bellegarde 2003 , p. 20.
* ^ http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/selby_prideaux_5E.html
* ^ "Fact Sheet - The Brant tract and the
* Bellegarde, Daniel J. (2003). Mississaugas of The New Credit First
_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to TORONTO PURCHASE