Toronto Pearson International Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ), officially named Lester B. Pearson International Airport (frequently shortened to Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport, or simply Pearson), is an international airport that serves the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the Greater Toronto Area, and the Golden Horseshoe.[6] The airport is 22.5 km (14.0 mi) northwest of Downtown Toronto, with the bulk of the airport (including the two main terminals) in the adjacent city of Mississauga, and a small portion of the airfield extending into Etobicoke, Toronto's western district.[7] The airport is named in honour of Toronto-born Lester B. Pearson, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate and 14th Prime Minister of Canada.

Pearson Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Canada. In 2017, it handled 47,130,358 passengers and 465,342 aircraft movements,[5] making it the world's 30th-busiest airport by total passenger traffic, 22nd-busiest airport by international passenger traffic, and 15th-busiest airport by flights. Pearson is also the 2nd-busiest airport by international passenger traffic in North America, the busiest being John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City.[8]

Pearson is the main hub for Air Canada.[9][10] It is also a hub for passenger airline WestJet and cargo airline FedEx Express, and serves as an operating base for passenger airlines Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines. Pearson Airport is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System.[11] In 1952, the airport became the first in the world to provide facilities for United States border preclearance,[12] and is now one of eight Canadian airports with such facilities.

An extensive network of non-stop domestic flights is operated from Pearson by several airlines to all major and many secondary cities across all provinces of Canada.[13] As of 2018, over 75 airlines operate around 1,250 daily departures from Toronto Pearson to more than 180 destinations across all six of the world's inhabited continents.[14][15][16]


In 1937, the Government of Canada agreed to support the building of two airports for Toronto, Ontario. One site was downtown, today's Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport. The other was to be outside the city, intended as a backup for the downtown airport. A site on a ghost-town called Elmbank near the town of Malton, northwest of Toronto, was chosen[17] and the Toronto Harbour Commission purchased and acquired several farms to provide the land for the airfield.[18][19] The first scheduled passenger flight for the new Malton Airport was a Trans-Canada Air Lines DC-3 that landed on August 29, 1939.[20]

During World War II, the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) operated No. 1 Elementary Service Flying School (EFTS) and No. 1 Air Observer School (AOS) at Malton Airport.[21][22]

In 1958, the City of Toronto sold the Malton Airport to Transport Canada, who subsequently changed the name of the facility to Toronto International Airport.[23] The airport was officially renamed Lester B. Pearson International Airport in 1984, in honour of Lester B. Pearson, the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize. The Greater Toronto Airports Authority assumed management, operation, and control of the airport in 1996.[24]


Terminal 1 seen from the ramp

Toronto Pearson International Airport has two active public terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 3. Both terminals are designed to handle all three sectors of travel (domestic, transborder, and international), which results in terminal operations at Pearson being grouped for airlines and airline alliances, rather than for domestic and international routes.

A third terminal, the Infield Terminal (IFT), is not currently used for regular operations at Pearson.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 Check-in Hall
Inuksuk sculptures stand in front of the departures entrance at Terminal 1.

Measuring over 346,000 square metres (4,000,000 sq ft),[25] Terminal 1 is the largest terminal at Pearson Airport and is among the largest buildings in the world by floor space. Air Canada and all other Star Alliance airlines that serve Toronto Pearson operate out of Terminal 1. Non-alliance airline Emirates also uses the terminal using Airbus A380 from/ to Dubai.

Terminal 1 was designed by a joint venture known as Airports Architects Canada made up of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, Adamson Associates Architects and Moshe Safdie and Associates.[26] It contains 58 gates: D1, D3, D5, D7-D12, D20, D22, D24, D26, D28, D31–D45 (D32, D34, D36 also serve US flights and carry F designation), D51, D53, D55, D57 (also carry F designation), F60–F63, F64A–F64B, F65, F66A–F66B, F/E67–F/E81 (F68-F73 and F78-F81 serve both US and international flights but E74-E77 are international only), F91, and F93. Two of the gates, E73 and E75, can accommodate the Airbus A380.

Along with the standard customs and immigration facilities, Terminal 1 also contains special customs "B" checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-U.S.) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks, then are immediately directed to Pier F for departure. This alleviates the need to recheck bags, pass through security screening, and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall.[27]

An 8-level parking garage with 8,400 public parking spaces (including 700 rental car spaces) [25] across from Terminal 1 is connected to the terminal by several elevated and enclosed pedestrian walkways.[23]

Terminal 1 is home to the ThyssenKrupp Express Walkway, the world's fastest moving walkway.[28]

Terminal 3

The Grand Hall of Terminal 3

Terminal 3 is used by all SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines that serve Pearson, along with WestJet, Air Transat, Sunwing Airlines, Etihad Airways, and most other airlines that are unaffiliated with an airline alliance except Emirates. The terminal has 178,000 square metres (1,920,000 sq ft) [25] of floor space[29] and features 48 gates: A1–A6, B1a-B1d, B2a-B2b, B3-B5, B7–B20, B22 and C24–C41.

A 5-level parking garage with 3,800 public parking spaces (including 600 rental car spaces) [25] is located directly across from the terminal along with the Sheraton Hotel, both of which are connected to Terminal 3 by an elevated pedestrian walkway.[23][30]

Infield Terminal (IFT)

The infield terminal was built to handle traffic displaced during the development and construction of the current Terminal 1.[31] Its gates were opened in 2002 and 2003,[32] and a first class lounge was opened in 2005.[33] The terminal, also known as the IFT, has 11 gates (521 to 531). When it was in regular use, passengers were transported by bus between Terminal 1 and the IFT to reach their gates.[32] Though currently not used for regular operations, plans are in place to reactivate it if necessary in the future to accommodate seasonal or overflow demand, or to provide additional capacity during future terminal building construction at the airport.

In December 2015, the Infield Terminal was upgraded and temporarily reopened to handle the Syrian refugees accepted and re-settling in Canada.[34] After the last government-chartered refugee flight arrived on February 29, 2016, the terminal was deactivated. In total, the Infield Terminal handled 56 refugee flights carrying 13,628 refugees.[35]

The Infield Terminal is frequently used as a location to film major motion pictures and television productions.[36]

VIP Terminal

Skyservice FBO operates an 800 square metres (8,610 sq ft) VIP terminal at Toronto Pearson on Midfield Road, in the infield area of the airport.[37][38] The terminal handles most private aircraft arriving and departing at Pearson, providing passenger services that include 24/7 concierge, private customs and immigration facilities, personalized catering, showers, direct handling of baggage, and VIP ground transportation services.[37][39]

Infrastructure and operations


Toronto Pearson has five runways, aligned in both the east-west direction and the north-south direction. A large network of taxiways, collectively measuring over 40 kilometres (25 mi) in length,[40] provides access between the runways and the passenger terminals, air cargo areas, and airline hangar areas.[41] The airport occupies 4,613 acres (1,867 ha) of land.

Cockpit view of runway 06R
Number Length Width ILS Alignment
05/23 3,389.4 metres (11,120 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. IIIa (05), Cat. I (23) East-West
06L/24R 2,955.6 metres (9,697 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. IIIa (6L), Cat. I (24R) East-West
06R/24L 2,743.2 metres (9,000 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) East-West
15L/33R 3,368 metres (11,050 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) North-South
15R/33L 2,770 metres (9,088 ft) 61 metres (200 ft) Cat. I (both directions) North-South

Airfield operations

Pearson is home to Toronto Area Control Centre, one of seven Air Control Centers in Canada, all of which are operated by Nav Canada. The airport's main control tower is within the infield operations area. Pearson is one of two airports in Canada with a Traffic Management Unit (TMU) to control planes on the apron areas.[42] The TMU is located in the tower at Terminal 1.

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority Fire and Emergency Service has 2 fire stations to provide firefighting and rescue operations. The fire service has 5 crash tenders as well as two pumpers, an aerial ladder and heavy rescue unit. The fire service is supported by a crew of 80 firefighters.

Toronto Pearson Fire Rescue Unit 5

The airport's 115-member airfield maintenance unit is responsible for general maintenance and repairs at the airport. From mid-November to mid-April, the unit is in winter mode armed with a $38 million snow removal budget.[43] The airport employs 94 pieces of snow clearance equipment, including 11 Vammas PSB series[43] and 4 Oshkosh HT-Series[44] snowplow units, along with 14 snow melters.[45]

Pearson Airport's Central De-icing Facility is the largest in the world, servicing about 10,500 aircraft each winter.[45] The six de-icing bays can handle up to 12 aircraft at a time and take between 2 and 19 minutes per aircraft.[46]

Cargo facilities

Toronto Pearson processes over 45% of total air cargo in Canada.[47] The airport has three primary cargo facilities, known as The Cargo West Facilities, the VISTA Cargo area, and the FedEx cargo area.[48]

The Cargo West Facilities (also known as the Infield Cargo Area) are between runways 15L/33R and 15R/33L. The area includes three large buildings, a common use cargo apron, vehicle parking, and a truck maneuvering area. A four-lane vehicle tunnel connects it to the passenger terminal area.[49] The VISTA cargo area (also known as Cargo East) is a privately owned and operated complex north of Terminal 3. The VISTA cargo area consists of a multi-tenant facility organized in a U-shape with an adjacent cargo apron area.[49] The FedEx Cargo area (also known as Cargo North) is the Canadian hub for FedEx Express. The site occupies an area on the north side of the airport lands near runway 05/23, and is home to two cargo buildings along with dedicated ramp space.[49]

Other facilities

Pearson Airport has seven aircraft maintenance hangars, operated by Air Canada, Air Transat, Westjet, and the GTAA, which are used for line maintenance and routine aircraft inspections.[49] The airfield's north end has numerous hangars for personal private jets and charter aircraft, along with passenger facilities and maintenance services for them.[50]

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority maintains offices on Convair Drive near the southeast corner of the airport. Cara Operations and CLS Catering Services both operate dedicated flight kitchen facilities at Pearson for airline catering services.[49] Aviation fuel (Jet A-1) is supplied by Esso Avitat and Shell Aerocentre, which are both in the airport's infield.[49]

The Peel Regional Police is the primary law enforcement agency at Pearson Airport. The Airport Division is based at 2951 Convair Drive, on the southern perimeter of the airport adjacent to Highway 401.[51] The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) also maintain a Pearson Airport Detachment, which provides federal police services. The Detachment is at 255 Attwell Drive, east of the airport in Etobicoke.[52]

Airlines and destinations


Airlines Destinations Refs
Aer Lingus Dublin [53]
Aeroméxico Mexico City [54]
Air Canada Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Austin (begins May 1, 2018),[55] Beijing–Capital, Bermuda, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Calgary, Chicago–O'Hare, Copenhagen, Delhi, Denver, Dubai–International, Dublin, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Frankfurt, Geneva, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Hong Kong, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Montréal–Trudeau, Mumbai, Munich, New York–LaGuardia, Ottawa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Providenciales, Regina, Rome–Fiumicino, St. John's (NL), San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney (AU), Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Vancouver, Winnipeg, Zürich
Seasonal: Cozumel, Eagle/Vail, George Town/Exuma, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa–Zihuatanejo, Milan–Malpensa, Portland (OR), San Juan, Shannon (begins June 2, 2018),[56] Warsaw–Chopin, West Palm Beach
Air Canada Express Atlanta, Austin (ends April 30, 2018), Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fredericton, Harrisburg, Hartford, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Kingston (ON), London (ON), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, North Bay, Omaha (begins May 1, 2018),[58] Ottawa, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Quebec City (ends June 30, 2018), Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Saint John (NB), St. Louis, San Antonio, Sarnia, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Sydney (NS), Syracuse, Thunder Bay, Timmins, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, Windsor
Seasonal: Charlottetown, Gander, Mont Tremblant, Providence (RI) (resumes May 17, 2018),[58] Savannah
Air Canada Rouge Barbados, Barcelona, Bogotá, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Curaçao, Deer Lake, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grenada, Havana, Holguín, Kelowna, Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, Lima, Mexico City, Miami, Montego Bay, Nassau, Orlando, Panama City, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Port of Spain, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Quebec City (begins July 1, 2018),[59] Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, Samaná, San Diego, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Sarasota, Tampa, Varadero, Victoria
Seasonal: Abbotsford, Athens, Belize City, Berlin–Tegel, Bucharest (begins June 9, 2018),[60] Budapest, Cartagena,[61] Charlottetown, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Kamloops (begins June 22, 2018),[62] Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Manchester (UK), Nanaimo (begins June 21, 2018),[62] Palm Springs, Porto (begins June 8, 2018),[60] Prague, Puerto Vallarta, St. Maarten, San José del Cabo, St. Kitts, St. Vincent–Argyle, Venice–Marco Polo, Zagreb (begins June 2, 2018)[60]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [63]
Air Transat Birmingham (UK), Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Glasgow, Holguín, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Manchester (UK), Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Orlando, Porto, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Calgary, Camagüey, Cartagena, Cayo Largo, Dublin, Faro, Fort-de-France,[64] Havana, Huatulco, Lamezia Terme, La Romana, Liberia, Managua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, St. Maarten, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Juan (suspended),[65] Tampa, Vancouver, Venice–Marco Polo, Zagreb
Alitalia Seasonal: Rome–Fiumicino [67]
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami [68]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [68]
Austrian Airlines Vienna [69]
Avianca Costa Rica San Salvador [70]
Azores Airlines Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Porto
Seasonal: Terceira
British Airways London–Heathrow
Seasonal: London–Gatwick (begins May 1, 2018)[72]
Brussels Airlines Brussels [74]
Caribbean Airlines Kingston–Norman Manley, Port of Spain [75]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [76]
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong [77]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou [78]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [79]
Copa Airlines Panama City [80]
Cubana de Aviación Camagüey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguín, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero [81]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
Delta Connection Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK [82]
EgyptAir Cairo [83]
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion [84]
Emirates Dubai–International [85]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa [86]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi [87]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan [88]
Flair Airlines Edmonton, Kelowna, Vancouver [89]
Fly Jamaica Airways Georgetown–Cheddi Jagan, Kingston–Norman Manley [90]
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital [91]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík [92]
Interjet Cancún, Mexico City [93]
Jet Airways Amsterdam, Delhi [94]
KLM Amsterdam [95]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [96]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin [97]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore [99]
Philippine Airlines Manila [100]
Primera Air Birmingham (UK) (begins June 23, 2018),[101] London–Stansted (begins May 19, 2018),[101] Paris–Charles de Gaulle (begins June 22, 2018)[101]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh [102]
Sunwing Airlines Aruba, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Fort Lauderdale, Freeport, Holguín, Mazatlán, Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, St. Maarten (suspended until April 30, 2018),[103] Varadero
Seasonal: Bonaire,[104] Camagüey, Cozumel, Curaçao, Gander, Huatulco, Ixtapa–Zihuatanejo, Liberia, Manzanillo (Cuba), Nassau, St. John's, St. Petersburg/Clearwater, Stephenville, Saint Vincent-Argyle, Vancouver
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon [106]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk [107]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil (begins June 6, 2018)[108] [109]
United Airlines Chicago–O’Hare [110]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [110]
WestJet Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco, Charlottetown, Deer Lake, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort McMurray, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Kelowna, Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Liberia, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, Moncton, Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Nassau, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Ottawa, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Regina, Saint Lucia–Hewanorra, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, St. John's (NL), St. Maarten, Samaná, Saskatoon, Tampa, Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Belize City, Cozumel, Curaçao, Dublin, Glasgow, Holguín, Huatulco, Mérida, Miami, Nashville (begins April 26, 2018)[citation needed], Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, San Juan, Sydney (NS), Victoria
WestJet Encore Boston, Fredericton, London (ON), Moncton, Montréal–Trudeau, Nashville, Ottawa, Quebec City, Sudbury, Thunder Bay
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík [112]


Airlines Destinations Cargo Center
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Hong Kong, New York–JFK VISTA
Cubana Cargo Havana VISTA
FedEx Express Calgary, Edmonton, Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montréal–Mirabel, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Timmins, Vancouver, Winnipeg FedEx
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon Cargo West
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt Cargo West
Turkish Airlines Cargo Chicago–O'Hare, Istanbul–Atatürk, Maastricht VISTA
UPS Airlines Louisville VISTA

Ground transportation


UP Express

A UP Express train approaching Terminal 1 Station

The UP Express (Union Pearson Express) is an express airport rail link running between Pearson Airport and Union Station in Downtown Toronto. It connects to the airport at Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 Station, and provides a 25-minute travel time to Union Station.[113] The first UP Express departure from Pearson to Union is at 5:27 a.m., with trains departing every 15 minutes throughout the day until the last departure to Union at 12:57 a.m., 7 days a week.[114] The full adult fare for the UP Express from Pearson to Union is C$12, with discounts available for Presto card users.[115]

Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Union Pearson Express
Union Pearson Express Express rail service to Union Station in Downtown Toronto with stops at Weston and Bloor. Daily

(Every 15 minutes from 05:27–00:57)

Terminal 1. Same-platform transfer at Terminal 1 Station to Link Train for Terminal 3 Station [114]

LINK Train

The LINK Train approaching Terminal 1 Station

The Link Train is an automated people mover at Pearson Airport that runs between Terminal 1, Terminal 3, and the Viscount Value Park Lot. It connects to the airport at Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 Station and Toronto Pearson Terminal 3 Station. The LINK Train is a free service that operates every 4 to 8 minutes, 24 hours a day.[116][117]

Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Terminal LINK Train
Terminal LINK Train People mover service between Terminal 1 Station, Terminal 3 Station, and Viscount Station Daily

(Every 4 to 8 minutes, 24-hour service)

Terminals 1 and 3. Same-platform transfer to Union Pearson Express at Terminal 1 Station [118]


Taxis are available at all terminals, and are licensed by the City of Mississauga. Taxis that are licensed in Toronto can drop passengers off at Toronto Pearson, but only airport-licensed taxis and limos can pick up passengers at Toronto Pearson legally. Rides can also be prearranged, allowing for curbside pick up at either terminal.[119] Pearson Airport Limousine companies use GTAA authorized out-of-town flat rates for pick-ups from Pearson Airport.[120]


Greyhound Canada operates daily intercity bus service from Toronto Pearson to several cities in Southern Ontario including Cambridge, Guelph, Hamilton, Kitchener, London, Niagara Falls, and Peterborough, with connections to other cities across Canada and the United States.[121] Greyhound Canada coaches arrive and depart from Pearson at Terminal 1.[121]

Public transit bus and coach services connecting Pearson Airport to the city of Toronto and other cities in the Greater Toronto Area are operated by Toronto Transit Commission, GO Transit, MiWay, and Brampton Transit.[122] Fares vary depending on transit operator and destination.[123][124][125][126]

A TTC 192 Airport Rocket express bus at Terminal 1
A GO Transit coach at Terminal 1
Route Destination Service Times Terminals Served Schedule
Toronto Transit Commission (TTC)
192 Airport Rocket Express service to Kipling station on the TTC - Line 2 - Bloor-Danforth line.svg Bloor–Danforth Subway Line Daily

(Every 10 minutes from 05:18–01:59 Monday to Friday, 05:41–02:34 Saturday, 07:27–02:34 Sunday)

Terminals 1 and 3 [127]
52A Lawrence West Local service along Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Lawrence and Lawrence West stations on the TTC - Line 1 - Yonge-University-Spadina line.svg Yonge–University Subway Line Daily

(Every 6 to 30 minutes from 05:18–01:57 Monday to Friday, 05:20–01:57 Saturday, 05:12–01:55 Sunday)

Terminals 1 and 3 [128]
300A Bloor-Danforth Runs express from the airport to Burnhamthorpe Road at Highway 427, then local service along Bloor Street and Danforth Avenue to Warden Avenue Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 20 to 30 minutes from 02:13–04:53 Monday to Friday, 02:23–05:23 Saturday, 02:23–07:16 Sunday)

Terminals 1 and 3 [129]
332 Eglinton West Local service along Eglinton Avenue to Yonge Street Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 30 minutes from 02:29–04:59)

Terminals 1 and 3 [130]
352 Lawrence West Local service along Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Sunnybrook Hospital Daily (Overnight only)

(Every 30 minutes from 02:20–04:50)

Terminals 1 and 3 [131]
GO Transit
34 Pearson Airport-North York Express service to Yorkdale Terminal and Finch Terminal Daily

(Every 30 to 60 minutes, 24-hour service)

Terminal 1 [132]
40 Hamilton-Richmond Hill Express service to:

Eastbound: Richmond Hill Centre bus terminal. Westbound: Square One Terminal and Hamilton Terminal


(Every 30 to 60 minutes, 24-hour service)

Terminal 1 [132]
107 Malton Express Express service along the Mississauga Transitway to:

Southbound: Mississauga City Centre Terminal. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal and Humber College North Campus.


(Every 8 to 20 minutes from 05:15-23:07 Monday to Friday, Every 21 minutes from 07:19-22:08 Saturday, Every 21 minutes from 07:40-22:08 Sunday)

Viscount LINK Station [133]
7 Airport Local service to:

Southbound: Mississauga City Centre Terminal. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal.


(Every 18 to 30 minutes from 05:18-01:48 Monday to Friday, Every 30 to 60 minutes from 05:17-00:34 Saturday, Every 40 minutes from 07:08-23:49 Sunday)

Terminal 1 [133]
24 Northwest Local service to:

Southbound: Renforth station. Northbound: Westwood Mall Terminal.

Monday to Friday (Rush hours only)

(Every 28 to 31 minutes from 05:19-10:14 in the morning, 14:50-19:45 in the afternoon)

Viscount LINK Station [133]
57 Courtneypark Local service from the airport's Infield Cargo area to:

Northbound: Meadowvale Town Centre Terminal

Southbound: Islington station on the TTC - Line 2 - Bloor-Danforth line.svg Bloor–Danforth Subway Line

Monday to Friday (Rush hours only)

(Every 31 to 36 minutes from 06:05-09:42 in the morning, 13:35-19:27 in the afternoon)

None [133]
Brampton Transit
115 Airport Express Semi-express service to Bramalea Terminal Daily

(Every 20 to 30 minutes from 05:25-00:42 Monday to Friday, 30 minutes from 05:55-23:45 Saturday, 30 to 60 minutes from 07:00-23:17 Sunday)

Terminal 1 [134]


The airport is accessible from Highway 427 (just north of Highway 401) or from Highway 409, a spur off Highway 401 that leads directly into the airport. Airport Road to the north and Dixon Road to the east both provide local access to the airport.[135] When drivers pick up or drop off guests at Toronto Pearson, they are permitted to stop momentarily outside the Arrivals and Departure areas at both terminals.

Car Rentals are available from several major car rental agencies located on Level 1 of the parking garages that are adjacent to both terminals.[136] Car rentals are also available from several off-airport car rental agencies located at or near Viscount Station, which is accessible from both terminals via the Link Train.[136]


Pearson is served by many out-of-town van and minibus shuttle operators, offering transportation from the airport to cities, towns, and villages throughout Southern Ontario.[137] Some operators offer connections to other airports in Ontario (John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport in Hamilton and London International Airport in London) and in the United States (Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Romulus, Michigan and Buffalo Niagara International Airport in Cheektowaga, New York).[137]

Proposed transit hub

In February 2017, the GTAA announced a proposed transit hub to be located across from Terminal 3 that would connect with Union Pearson Express and may connect with other transit lines extended to the airport like Line 5 Eglinton LRT and GO Transit Regional Express Rail.[138] This proposal would eliminate the Link Train connecting Terminals 1 and 3 with a bridge from the transit hub to Terminal 3 and another bridge connecting Terminal 3 to Terminal 1.[138]


Annual traffic

Annual passenger traffic at Toronto Pearson International Airport
2003 through 2016
Year Total passengers % change Domesticc % change Transborderc % change Internationalc % change
2017[139] 47,130,358 Increase 6.3% 17,475,217 Increase 3.4% 12,855,891 Increase 6.6% 16,799,250 Increase 9.3%
2016[5] 44,335,198 Increase 8.0% 16,906,560 Increase 6.6% 12,054,296 Increase 8.1% 15,374,342 Increase 9.6%
2015[140] 41,036,847 Increase 6.4% 15,859,289 Increase 4.4% 11,154,435 Increase 6.2% 14,023,123 Increase 8.9%
2014[140] 38,571,961 Increase 6.8% 15,192,126 Increase 5.6% 10,506,070 Increase 6.8% 12,874,220 Increase 8.3%
2013[140] 36,107,306 Increase 3.4% 14,385,001 Increase 5.4% 9,838,121 Increase 3.9% 11,884,184 Increase 0.7%
2012[140] 34,911,850 Increase 4.4% 13,646,163 Increase 4.3% 9,464,858 Increase 5.4% 11,800,829 Increase 3.7%
2011[140] 33,435,277 Increase 4.7% 13,078,513 Increase 2.7% 8,979,103 Increase 4.1% 11,377,661 Increase 7.6%
2010[141] 31,936,098 Increase 5.2% 12,730,680 Increase 0.1% 8,628,851 Increase 6.9% 10,576,567 Increase 10.6%
2009[141] 30,368,339 Decrease -6.0% 12,730,047 Decrease -7.8% 8,074,027 Decrease -8.3% 9,564,265 Decrease -1.5%
2008[141] 32,334,831 Increase 2.8% 13,812,866 Increase 0.5% 8,805,898 Decrease -0.8% 9,716,067 Increase 10.1%
2007[141] 31,446,199 Increase 2.1% 13,744,155 Increase 3.3% 8,879,180 Decrease -0.3% 8,822,864 Increase 2.8%
2006[141] 30,794,581 Increase 2.9% 13,309,531 Increase 3.1% 8,906,324 Increase 1.2% 8,578,726 Increase 4.6%
2005[141] 29,914,750 Increase 4.5% 12,906,457 Increase 2.1% 8,803,505 Increase 4.5% 8,204,788 Increase 8.6%
2004[141] 28,615,981 Increase 15.7% 12,636,748 Increase 14.6% 8,422,537 Increase 15.1% 7,556,696 Increase 18%
2003[141] 24,739,312  –––– 11,021,760  –––– 7,316,287  –––– 6,401,265  ––––
  • ^c : At Toronto Pearson and at other airports in Canada with United States border preclearance, a distinction is made between "transborder" and "international" flights for operational and statistical purposes. A "transborder" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination in the United States, while an "international" flight is a flight between Canada and a destination that is not within the United States or Canada. A "domestic" flight is a flight within Canada only.

Incidents and accidents

  • On October 3, 1959, Vickers Viscount CF-TGY of Trans-Canada Air Lines was written off when it landed short of the runway.[142] No fatalities among the 38 on board.
  • On June 13, 1964, Vickers Viscount CF-THT of Air Canada was damaged beyond economical repair when it crash-landed after the failure of two engines on approach.[143]
  • The airport's deadliest accident occurred on July 5, 1970, when Air Canada Flight 621, a DC-8 jet, flew on a Montreal–Toronto–Los Angeles route. The pilots inadvertently deployed spoilers before the plane attempted landing, forcing the pilots to abort landing and takeoff. Damage to the aircraft that was caused during the failed landing attempt caused the plane to break up in the air during the go-around, killing all 100 passengers and nine crew members on board when it crashed into a field southeast of Brampton. Controversy remains over the cleanup effort following the crash, as both plane wreckage debris and human remains from the crash are still found on the site.[144]
  • On August 30, 1970, Douglas C-47 CF-JRY of D G Harris Productions was damaged beyond economic repair in a storm.[145]
  • On June 26, 1978, Air Canada Flight 189 to Winnipeg overran the runway during an aborted takeoff, and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of the 107 passengers on board the DC-9 were killed.
  • On June 22, 1983, Douglas C-47A C-GUBT of Skycraft Air Transport crashed on takeoff roll at Toronto International Airport while on an international cargo flight from Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Ohio. Both of the crew members were killed.[146]
  • On August 2, 2005, Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340-300 (registration F-GLZQ) inbound from Paris, landed on runway 24L during a severe thunderstorm, failed to stop, and ran off of the runway into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. The rear third of the plane burst into flames, eventually engulfing the whole plane except the cockpit and wings. There were 12 serious injuries, but no fatalities. The investigation predominantly blamed pilot error when faced with the severe weather conditions.[147]

See also


  1. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 29 March 2018 to 0901Z 24 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Synoptic/Metstat Station Information". Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Airport Divestiture Status Report". Tc.gc.ca. January 12, 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2011. 
  4. ^ "TORONTO PEARSON AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT" (PDF). torontopearson.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c "Toronto Pearson Traffic Summary" (PDF). Greater Toronto Airports Authority. February 7, 2017. Retrieved March 4, 2017. 
  6. ^ "2006 Census: Portrait of the Canadian Population in 2006: Findings". Statistics Canada. September 13, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Chapter 14: Land Use" (PDF). The Airport Master Plan (2000-2020). Greater Toronto Airports Authority. Retrieved January 26, 2012. The Airport occupies some 1,867 ha (4,613 acres) and is adjacent to Highway 401, the main east/west highway route through southern Ontario and the busiest highway in North America. The bulk of the Airport (1,824 ha 4,507 acres) is within the City of Mississauga with 43 ha (106 acres) located within the City of Toronto. 
  8. ^ "Toronto Pearson Fast Facts". Airports Council International. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "About Air Canada - Corporate Profile". aircanada.com. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "2013 Annual Information Form - Air Canada" (PDF). aircanada.com. March 28, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Airports in the national airports category (Appendix A)". Transport Canada. December 16, 2012. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Preclearance expansion" (PDF). U.S. Customs and Border Protection. September 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Airlines & Destinations: Canadian Destinations". torontopearson.com. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  14. ^ [www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2017/ed/bgrd/backgroundfile-107047.pdf# "TORONTO PEARSON - AIRPORT 101"] Check url= value (help) (PDF). torontopearson.com. 
  15. ^ "Airlines and Destinations: International Destinations". Greater Toronto Airports Authority. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Airlines and Destinations: US Destinations". Greater Toronto Airports Authority. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  17. ^ Cook, Dave (2010). Fading History Vol. 2. Mississauga, Ontario: David L. Cook. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-9734265-3-3. 
  18. ^ http://www.mississauga.ca/file/COM/9634_MaltonBook_PartThree.pdf
  19. ^ "What the Toronto airport used to look like". Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  20. ^ Dexter, Brian (March 16, 1974). "Malton residents say they've had enough". Toronto Star. p. B09. 
  21. ^ "The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan – Canadian Military History". militarybruce.com. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Flight Ontario – BCATP Schools". Flightontario.com. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b c "GTAA Master Plan" (PDF). p. 1.19. 
  24. ^ "About GTAA". torontopearson.com. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  25. ^ a b c d "Toronto Pearson Master Plan 2017-2037" (PDF). Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  26. ^ Harold D. Kalman. "Airport Architecture". The Canadian Encyclopedia. thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  27. ^ Schwartz, Adele C. (December 1, 2005). "Bonus Design". Air Transport World. Silver Spring, Maryland. Archived from the original on September 17, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  28. ^ "ThyssenKrupp Airport Systems on growth track" (Press release). ThyssenKrupp. April 11, 2006. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Toronto Pearson International Airport – Terminal 3 - B+H Architects". Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  30. ^ "Sheraton takes over Swissotel, increases Metro hotels to 4". Toronto Star. October 8, 1993. p. F7. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Toronto Pearson International Airport - Infield Development Project". Bharchitects. 2013. Archived from the original on November 14, 2013. Located on a 470-acre [190 ha] site between four major runways, this $250 million development is Canada's largest design-build project and comprised of six structures totaling 1,356,360 square feet: the Air Canada Maintenance Building, three cargo buildings including the Air Canada Cargo Terminal, a 3-bay Hangar Facility, and the 11-gate Infield Holdroom Terminal. 
  32. ^ a b "Toronto Pearson Master Plan - Chapter 6 : Passenger Terminals" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on July 25, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014. The Infield Terminal (IFT) was constructed to provide interim gating capacity during the phased construction of Terminal 1. The first two gates became operational in June 2002, with the remaining nine gates opening the following year. (The final three gates opened in July 2003, bringing the total available to 11.) 
  33. ^ "Air Canada opens new Maple Leaf Lounge at the Infield Terminal at Toronto Pearson Airport". Express Voyage. February 10, 2005. Archived from the original on September 17, 2014. Air Canada will officially open its newest Maple Leaf Lounge at the Infield Terminal at Toronto Pearson Airport on February 10, 2005. 
  34. ^ "Toronto's Pearson airport unveils special terminal for Syrian refugees". CBC News. December 8, 2015. 
  35. ^ "#WelcomeRefugees: The first 25,000 - Transportation to Canada". Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. May 18, 2016. 
  36. ^ "Lights, cameras and action at Toronto Pearson International Airport". Archived from the original on September 17, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  37. ^ a b "Skyservice Toronto Airport FBO - Fixed Base Operations". Skyservice.com. Retrieved September 18, 2017. 
  38. ^ "Chapter 10 - Business Aviation" (PDF). GTAA. 
  39. ^ Barnard, Linda (September 6, 2017). "How to hide a celebrity at the Toronto International Film Festival". Retrieved September 11, 2017 – via Toronto Star. 
  40. ^ http://www.torontopearson.com/uploadedFiles/GTAA/Content/About_GTAA/Strategy/Master_Plan/Chapter_1.pdf
  41. ^ http://www.torontopearson.com/uploadedFiles/GTAA/Content/About_GTAA/Strategy/Master_Plan/MP%20-%20Chapter%205%20-%20The%20Airside%20System.pdf
  42. ^ Christopher Hume (December 14, 2012). "All Eyes on the Ground". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  43. ^ a b April 14, 2013 6:04 PM EDT Facebook Twitter RSS (November 29, 2009). "Clearing Pearson airport for takeoff in the winter". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Oshkosh HT-Series Chosen by Toronto International Airport Team Eagle Ltd. ~ Your Airfield Solutions Partner". Team-eagle.ca. August 4, 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  45. ^ a b "Winter Operations". Greater Toronto Airports Authority. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  46. ^ Patel, Arti (February 3, 2011). "Clearing a Plane of Snow is Deicing on the Cake". The Globe and Mail. 
  47. ^ "Untitled Page". torontopearson.com. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  48. ^ "Advanced Cargo Facilities". GTAA. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  49. ^ a b c d e f "GTAA Master Plan" (PDF). GTAA. Retrieved February 9, 2016. 
  50. ^ "Inside Pearson Airport's ultra-luxe private hub for celebs, executives and well-to-dos - Toronto Life". Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  51. ^ "Airport Division - Peel Regional Police". Peel Regional Police. Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  52. ^ ""O" Division Greater Toronto Area (GTA) - Royal Canadian Mounted Police". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Retrieved February 11, 2016. 
  53. ^ "TImetables". Aer Lingus. 
  54. ^ "TImetables". Aeroméxico. 
  55. ^ "AC Aircraft Upgrade". Retrieved November 7, 2017. 
  56. ^ "Shannon Airport welcomes new Toronto service". Shannon Airport. 13 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017. 
  57. ^ a b c "Flight Schedules". Air Canada. 
  58. ^ a b "Air Canada Expands its North American Network with New Transborder Routes starting Spring 2018". aircanada.mediaroom.com. Retrieved November 29, 2017. 
  59. ^ aircanada.com - Flight Schedules
  60. ^ a b c "Air Canada Expands its Global Network from Montreal with New Service to Bucharest, Romania and Lisbon, Portugal". aircanada.mediaroom.com. Retrieved September 28, 2017. 
  61. ^ "Air Canada to Expand Services to Colombia this Winter". Air Canada. June 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  62. ^ a b "Air Canada to Launch New Domestic Routes for Summer 2018". Air Canada. December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017. 
  63. ^ "Air France flight schedule". Air France. 
  64. ^ "airtransat adds new nonstop sectors for W17". Routes Online. May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  65. ^ https://ca.travelpulse.com/news/airlines/air-transat-drops-san-juan-for-winter-20172018.html
  66. ^ "Air Transat Flight status and schedules". Flight Times. Air Transat. 
  67. ^ "Flight schedule and operations". Alitalia. 
  68. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". American Airlines. 
  69. ^ "Austrian Timetable". Austrian Airlines. 
  70. ^ "Check Itineraries". Avianca. 
  71. ^ "Schedules". Azores Airlines. 
  72. ^ "Gatwick Extends its Transatlantic Network to Toronto and Las Vegas". British Airways. 
  73. ^ "Timetables". British Airways. 
  74. ^ "Timetable". Brussels Airlines. 
  75. ^ "Timetable". Caribbean Airlines. 
  76. ^ "Flight Timetable". Cathay Pacific. 
  77. ^ "Schedules and Timetable". China Eastern Airlines. 
  78. ^ "China Southern non-stop Canadian Service to Toronto". China Southern Airlines. 
  79. ^ "Timetable". Condor Flugdienst. 
  80. ^ "Flight Schedule". Copa Airlines. 
  81. ^ "Schedules and destinies". Cubana de Aviación. 
  82. ^ a b "Flight Schedules". Delta Air Lines. 
  83. ^ "Timetable". EgyptAir. 
  84. ^ "Flight Schedule". El Al. 
  85. ^ "Flight Schedules". Emirates. 
  86. ^ "Schedule". Ethiopian Airlines. 
  87. ^ "Flight Timetables". Etihad Airways. 
  88. ^ "Timetables and Downlaods". EVA Air. 
  89. ^ "Flair Airlines Announces Expansion". Cision. September 11, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2017. 
  90. ^ "Timetables". Fly Jamaica Airways. 
  91. ^ "Flight Schedule". Hainan Airlines. 
  92. ^ "Flight Schedule". Icelandair. 
  93. ^ "Flight Schedule". Interjet. 
  94. ^ "Download Domestic and International Flight Schedules Online". Jet Airways. 
  95. ^ "View the Timetable". KLM. 
  96. ^ "Flight Status and Schedules". Korean Air. 
  97. ^ "Timetables". LOT Polish Airlines. 
  98. ^ "Timetable - Lufthansa Canada". Lufthansa. 
  99. ^ "PIA - Weekly Flight Schedule". Pakistan International Airlines. 
  100. ^ "Flight Timetable". Philippine Airlines. 
  101. ^ a b c "Primera Air plans Toronto launch is S18". Routesonline.com. October 25, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017. 
  102. ^ "Flight Schedule". Saudia. 
  103. ^ "Sunwing cancels St. Maarten flights through April 30, 2018; adds MoBay, Cancun capacity". September 15, 2017. 
  104. ^ "Direct Flights from Toronto to Bonaire Aboard Sunwing Airlines Begin in December - DiveNewswire". May 15, 2017. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  105. ^ "Our Routes" (PDF). Sunwing Airlines. 
  106. ^ "All Destinations". TAP Portugal. 
  107. ^ "Online Flight Schedule". Turkish Airlines. 
  108. ^ Liu, Jim (29 November 2017). "Ukraine International plans Toronto launch in June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  109. ^ "Online Flight Schedule". UIA. 
  110. ^ a b "United Flight Schedules". United Airlines. 
  111. ^ a b "Flight Schedules - when we fly". Westjet. 
  112. ^ "Route Map". WOW air. 
  113. ^ "UP Express". GTAA. 
  114. ^ a b "Union Pearson Express". Metrolinx. 
  115. ^ "Tickets & Fares - UP Express". Metrolinx. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  116. ^ Irwin Rapoport (July 6, 2006). "Airport opens automated people mover: New train system connects three terminals, parking area". Toronto: Daily Commercial News. Archived from the original on February 12, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013. It’s a 1.5-kilometre train with three stations gliding along an elevated guideway connecting Terminals 1, 3 and a reduced rate parking area serving both passengers and employees of the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA). 
  117. ^ "Terminal Link". Toronto Pearson. Retrieved January 5, 2016. 
  118. ^ "LINK Train". GTAA. 
  119. ^ "Taxis & Limousines". GTAA.com. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  120. ^ "Limousine Out of town tariffs". GTAA.com. July 1, 2010. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  121. ^ a b "Greyhound Adds Stop At Toronto Pearson International Airport". CNW Newswire.ca. April 20, 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2017. 
  122. ^ "Public Transportation". GTAA.com. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  123. ^ "TTC Prices". Toronto Transit Commission. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  124. ^ "GO Transit - Fare Calculator". GO Transit. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  125. ^ "Mississauga.ca - MiWay - Bus Fares". City of Mississauga. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  126. ^ "City of Brampton - Brampton Transit - Bus Fares". City of Brampton. Retrieved March 11, 2016. 
  127. ^ "192 Airport Rocket-Northbound". .ttc.ca. December 23, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  128. ^ "52 Lawrence West". .ttc.ca. January 5, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  129. ^ "300 Bloor – Danforth-Eastbound". January 27, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  130. ^ "332 Eglinton West-Eastbound". .ttc.ca. March 9, 2016. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  131. ^ "352 Lawrence West Eastbound". April 30, 2016. Retrieved April 30, 2016. 
  132. ^ a b "GO Transit Full Schedules". 
  133. ^ a b c d "Routes & Schedules". MiWay. December 3, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  134. ^ "115: Airport Express". Brampton Transit. January 5, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  135. ^ "Directions: From South-QEW". GTAA.com. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  136. ^ a b "Car Rentals". GTAA.com. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  137. ^ a b "Out-of-Town Van Services". Gtaa.com. January 3, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  138. ^ a b "GTAA Unveils Vision For Multi-Modal Transit Hub at Pearson - Urban Toronto". urbantoronto.ca. Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  139. ^ ,TORONTO PEARSON (Enplaned + Deplaned ) PASSENGER 2014-2018
  140. ^ a b c d e ,TORONTO PEARSON (Enplaned + Deplaned ) PASSENGER 2011-2015
  141. ^ a b c d e f g h "TORONTO PEARSON (Enplaned + Deplaned ) PASSENGER 2003-2013" (PDF). Retrieved September 11, 2017. 
  142. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  143. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  144. ^ Wilkes, Jim (July 6, 2004). "Ghosts of Flight 621 haunt Brampton field". Toronto Star. p. A1. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  145. ^ "CF-JRY Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  146. ^ "C-GUBT Accident report". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  147. ^ "Aviation Investigation Report - Runway Overrun and Fire - Air France Airbus 340-313 F-GLZQ - Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport, Ontario - 02 August 2005 - Report Number A05H0002". Transportation Safety Board of Canada. 2007. ISBN 978-0-662-47298-8. Public Works and Government Services Canada Cat. No. TU3-5/05-3E. Retrieved December 13, 2007.  [Aussi disponible en français: "Rapport d'enquête aéronautique A05H0002"

External links