The TORONTO CARRYING-PLACE TRAIL, also known as the HUMBER PORTAGE
and the TORONTO PASSAGE, was a major portage route in
From Lake Ontario, the trail ran northward along the eastern bank of the Humber River . It forked at Woodbridge , with one path crossing the east branch of the Humber and running along the west side of the river to the vicinity of Kleinburg , where it crossed the river again. This trail was probably used during the seasons when the water was low enough to ford. The other path of the fork followed the east side of the river and angled cross-country to King Creek , joining the other fork before crossing the river near Nobleton , some 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Lake Ontario. From there it runs north over the Oak Ridges Moraine to the western branch of the Holland River , and from there north-east into Lake Simcoe some 80 kilometres (50 mi) north.
A second route of the trail runs from Lake
Once into Lake Simcoe, known as _Ouentironk_ among the First Nations people living in the area, the trail continues north through straits on the north end of the lake into Lake Couchiching . These straits, an important fishing area, gives rise to the name Toronto, as this is "the place where the trees grow over the water". The First Nations peoples had planted trees in the narrows between the lakes to act as a weir to catch fish. From there the trail follows the Severn River into Georgian Bay . Many of the major First Nations tribes lived in the area around and to the north of Lake Simcoe, which were easily reachable via the many rivers leading to the lake.
It is widely stated that the first European to see the Humber arm was
Étienne Brûlé , who traveled it with a group of twelve Huron in
1615. However it is now believed that this is in error, and he
actually traveled further west, to
Further French settlement used the Humber portion of the trail
primarily. Near the mouth of the Humber and along the
The trail was widely used by both French and English fur traders
* Turner, Glenn (2015). _The
* ^ "DID ÉTIENNE BRÛLÉ VISIT TORONTO IN 1615?". _toronto.ca_.