The Info List - Tordesillas

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(Spanish pronunciation: [torðeˈsiʎas]) is a town and municipality in the province of Valladolid, Castile and León, central Spain. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of the provincial capital, Valladolid
at an elevation of 704 metres (2,310 ft). The population was c. 9,000 as of 2009[update]. The town is located on the Douro
River although the river is not navigable up to Tordesillas. There are highway connections to Madrid, 182 kilometres (113 mi) to the southeast, and with Salamanca, 96 kilometres (60 mi) to the southwest. The provincial capital of Valladolid
is also linked by four-lane highway. Because of its important highway connections Tordesillas
has become a major transit hub. The economy is based on services — especially connected to tourism — and the agricultural production of the surrounding area. Wheat has long been the traditional agricultural product (see Cuisine of the province of Valladolid). The town is well served by hotels with a parador, four three-star hotels, one two-star hotel, and ten hostels and pensions. There is also a camping site. There is also an abundance of restaurants — 27 in total — with the Parador
restaurant having a three star classification. North of the town there is a fertile valley formed by the Douro, with extensive use of irrigation by central pivots. The town is known for its Toro de la Vega
Toro de la Vega
festival during which a bull was slaughtered by people on horseback and on foot. Animal rights groups repeatedly tried to stop this from taking place. The bull is at least five years old when he's killed and is allowed to live in a large property to keep him territorial, unlike other animals who are killed for the butcher at one year of age. Finally, in May 2016 the Regional government issued a decree prohibiting the slaughter of the bull in public; animal rights activists regarded it as a victory after years denouncing publicly the cruelty with great national and worldwide coverage. The mayor of the town, backed unanimously by the opposition, made a statement of outrage on the same day of the prohibition. The bull's slaughter had come to be inextricably associated with the name of the town, overshadowing its rich monumental and historical heritage.


1 History 2 Main sights

2.1 Convent of Santa Clara

2.1.1 Queen Joanna's confinement

3 Plaza Mayor and churches 4 Festivals

4.1 Festivities in honour of 'La Virgen de La Peña' 4.2 Torneo del Toro de la Vega

5 Notable people 6 References


The Cantino planisphere
Cantino planisphere
(1502), depicting the meridian of Tordesillas.

The Roman Turris Sillae, built on the hill of Siellas, was the bulwark of the defensive line of the Duero during the Reconquest. In 1262 it received its charter from Alfonso X the Wise. The town began to be favored by the royal family and nobility, above all after Alfonso XI built a palace (1325). In the 15th century the town hosted several meetings of the Cortes. During the skirmishes between Henry IV and the nobility the city supported the monarchy, and again during the clashes between the Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
and Joanna La Beltraneja
Joanna La Beltraneja
in 1476. The Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
signed the Treaty of Tordesillas
Treaty of Tordesillas
with the Portuguese crown in 1494, which established the line dividing the globe between Spain
and Portugal for colonization purposes. This especially affected the Portuguese and Spanish colonization of the Americas, and placed the name Tordesillas
in history worldwide ever since. Despite Tordesillas' traditional support for the monarchy, in the Castilian War of the Communities
Castilian War of the Communities
by citizens of Castile against the rule of Charles V, the city took the side of the Comuneros. The leaders chose Charles' own mother, Queen Joanna I, as an alternative ruler in more than title in 1519. They came to the town to ask for the mediation of Joanna I, confined within the Santa Clara convent since 1509 by her father Ferdinand II. However, in 1521, after nearly a year of rebellion, the reorganized supporters of the emperor Charles V struck a crippling blow to the comuneros at the Battle of Villalar, and finally royal troops of the Count of Haro captured Tordesillas.[1] This 16th-century event was the beginning of a long decline from influence and prosperity. The ongoing position of Tordesillas
at a crossing of historic roads and modern highways has been the decisive factor in its economic survival and development. Main sights[edit] Convent of Santa Clara[edit]

Real Monasterio de Santa Clara de Tordesillas

The Santa Clara buildings were originally built by King Alfonso XI as his palace in 1344. His son Peter the Cruel
Peter the Cruel
had it embellished by Mudéjar artists, beautiful works at Santa Clara, though on a much smaller scale than they did in the Alcázar of Seville. The facade, a lovely small patio, a chapel and the baths remain of Peter the Cruel's palace. Blanche de Bourbon was held here after her abandonment by Peter for María de Padilla
María de Padilla
in 1353. The former portal, blocked off now, has a particularly fine Mudéjar doorway. In 1363 he ceded Santa Clara to two of his daughters by María de Padilla. They turned it into a convent, but it retained its role as a royal palace. In 1420 the Infante Don Enrique of Aragón burst into the palace and seized the person of John II, who escaped the Infante thanks to Álvaro de Luna. Queen Joanna's confinement[edit] Santa Clara convent's saddest association is with Joanna I, Queen of Castile and Aragon, the daughter of Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
and Ferdinand II of Aragon. She ascended the Castilian throne as Princess of Asturias in 1502 and succeeded her mother as Queen regnant
Queen regnant
of Castile in 1504. Joanna's life with her husband Philip I of Castile was rendered extremely unhappy by his infidelity and political insecurity, during which he consistently attempted to usurp her legal birthrights of power. This led in great part to the rumors of her insanity due to reports of depressive or neurotic acts committed while she was being imprisoned or coerced by her husband; most historians now agree she was merely clinically depressed or schizophrenic at the time, not 'insane' as commonly believed. His early death in 1506 added the pressures of her father now maneuvering to block her legal birthrights of power and sole rule. He succeeded, and as Regent ordered his daughter confined within the Convent of Santa Clara in 1509. Here she received her son Charles I after his arrival in Spain
in 1517 from Flanders. Charles had landed on the Asturian coast in September and it took six weeks for the royal entourage to reach Tordesillas. He had become co-monarch of Castile and Aragon with his mother, after the regent period and Ferdinand II's death in 1519. Charles continued her imprisonment until she died in 1555, after being confined nearly fifty years inside Santa Clara. The fact that Juana remained, on record, the legitimate Queen regnant
Queen regnant
of Castile and Aragon until her death must have caused Charles at least some disquiet. His chambers at the monastery of Yuste
(Cáceres) to which he retired on his abdication of the Spanish and Holy Roman Emperor crowns in 1556, a year after her death in Tordesillas, were and still are hung in black in her memory. The exact windowless rooms of her confinement are unknown, however in one room her little clavichord has been preserved. Plaza Mayor and churches[edit]

Plaza Mayor with colonnades.

The Plaza Mayor is the historic and attractive central community space framed by the 17th century colonnade and porticos creating the arcade that encircles it. Nearby is the Church of Santa Maria, built from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries. It has a monumental baroque sacristy. The town's other landmark churches are San Juan, San Pedro, Santiago, and San Antolín. The massive 15th-century Church of San Antolín is of special interest, containing a museum of religious art collected from churches in the vicinity. The spacious church interior has a single nave, and its most outstanding feature is the sumptuous Alderete Chapel, containing the 1550 alabaster tomb of Don Pedro de Alderete, Commander of the Order of Santiago. There are also two other historic convents besides Santa Clara in Tordesillas
— Convento de Carmelo and Convento de San Francisco. Festivals[edit] The Main Feasts in Tordesillas
are held in September although the date is variable every year. Festivities in honour of 'La Virgen de La Peña'[edit] The celebrations are in honour of Our Lady 'La Virgen de la Peña', (Our Lady of the Rock) Patron Saint of the Village and Land of Tordesillas. Her hermitage is located on the other side of the river, where people arrive for the romería (pilgrimage) in carts drawn by decorated horses. Celebrations begin on 8 September, Patron Saint's Day of Tordesillas, the 'Virgen de la Guía' (Our Guiding Lady). Following Saturday to 8 September is called "Sábado de Faroles". (The Saturday of torchs or lanterns made of wood). During the night there is the "Desfile de Faroles", a big parade where each competing "peña" (crew or team) carries a "farol" (which is somewhat bigger than a common streetlamp). Each side of the "farol" is painted with typical images about Tordesillas
and about the festivities. Crews, accompanied by brass bands, take part in the parade carrying their "faroles", along the streets of the village. The crew judged to have the most beautiful farole is awarded a prize. The guards' patrol through the old walls of Tordesillas
gave rise to this curious celebration that traverses the whole village. Torneo del Toro de la Vega[edit]

Festivities of Toro de la Vega
Toro de la Vega
(photo of 2010)

The "Virgen de la Peña" Patron Saint's Day is celebrated on Sunday. The following Tuesday there is a well-known local tournament called, in Spanish, "Torneo del Toro de la Vega" (The Meadow Bull Tournament), The bull is driven by horsemen. When it reaches the meadow across the river it is finally speared and stabbed by many competing lancers.[2] The person who delivers the fatal blow (this can be with a rifle) is entitled to cut off the bull's testicles impaled on the tip of his spear and parade them through the town. The city then awards him a gold medal and a commemorative forged iron spear. Notable people[edit]

Gonzalo Queipo de Llano
Gonzalo Queipo de Llano
(1875–1951), military leader


^ Pérez, Joseph (1998) [1970]. La révolution des "Comunidades" de Castille, 1520–1521 (in Spanish). Madrid: Siglo Veintiuno de España Editores. p. 110. ISBN 84-323-0285-6.  ^ Spanish battle over Toro de la Vega
Toro de la Vega
bullfighting tradition, BBC News, 13 September 2015

v t e

Municipalities in the province of Valladolid

Adalia Aguasal Aguilar de Campos Alaejos Alcazarén Aldea de San Miguel Aldeamayor de San Martín Almenara de Adaja Amusquillo Arroyo de la Encomienda Ataquines Bahabón Barcial de la Loma Barruelo del Valle Becilla de Valderaduey Benafarces Bercero Berceruelo Berrueces Bobadilla del Campo Bocigas Bocos de Duero Boecillo Bolaños de Campos Brahojos de Medina Bustillo de Chaves Cabezón de Pisuerga Cabezón de Valderaduey Cabreros del Monte Campaspero Camporredondo Canalejas de Peñafiel Canillas de Esgueva Carpio Casasola de Arión Castrejón de Trabancos Castrillo de Duero Castrillo-Tejeriego Castrobol Castrodeza Castromembibre Castromonte Castronuevo de Esgueva Castronuño Castroponce Castroverde de Cerrato Ceinos de Campos Cervillego de la Cruz Cigales Ciguñuela Cistérniga Cogeces de Íscar Cogeces del Monte Corcos Corrales de Duero Cubillas de Santa Marta Cuenca de Campos Curiel de Duero El Campillo Encinas de Esgueva Esguevillas de Esgueva Fombellida Fompedraza Fontihoyuelo Fresno el Viejo Fuensaldaña Fuente el Sol Fuente-Olmedo Gallegos de Hornija Gatón de Campos Geria Herrín de Campos Hornillos de Eresma Íscar La Mudarra La Parrilla La Pedraja de Portillo La Seca La Unión de Campos La Zarza Laguna de Duero Langayo Llano de Olmedo Lomoviejo Manzanillo Marzales Matapozuelos Matilla de los Caños Mayorga Medina de Rioseco Medina del Campo Megeces Melgar de Abajo Melgar de Arriba Mojados Monasterio de Vega Montealegre de Campos Montemayor de Pililla Moral de la Reina Moraleja de las Panaderas Morales de Campos Mota del Marqués Mucientes Muriel de Zapardiel Nava del Rey Nueva Villa de las Torres Olivares de Duero Olmedo Olmos de Esgueva Olmos de Peñafiel Palazuelo de Vedija Pedrajas de San Esteban Pedrosa del Rey Pesquera de Duero Peñafiel Peñaflor de Hornija Piña de Esgueva Piñel de Abajo Piñel de Arriba Pollos Portillo Pozal de Gallinas Pozaldez Pozuelo de la Orden Puras Quintanilla de Arriba Quintanilla de Onésimo Quintanilla de Trigueros Quintanilla del Molar Ramiro Renedo de Esgueva Roales de Campos Robladillo Roturas Rubí de Bracamonte Rueda Rábano Saelices de Mayorga Salvador de Zapardiel San Cebrián de Mazote San Llorente San Martín de Valvení San Miguel del Arroyo San Miguel del Pino San Pablo de la Moraleja San Pedro de Latarce San Pelayo San Román de Hornija San Salvador San Vicente del Palacio Santa Eufemia del Arroyo Santervás de Campos Santibáñez de Valcorba Santovenia de Pisuerga Sardón de Duero Serrada Siete Iglesias de Trabancos Simancas Tamariz de Campos Tiedra Tordehumos Tordesillas Torre de Esgueva Torre de Peñafiel Torrecilla de la Abadesa Torrecilla de la Orden Torrecilla de la Torre Torrelobatón Torrescárcela Traspinedo Trigueros del Valle Tudela de Duero Urones de Castroponce Urueña Valbuena de Duero Valdearcos de la Vega Valdenebro de los Valles Valdestillas Valdunquillo Valladolid Valoria la Buena Valverde de Campos Vega de Ruiponce Vega de Valdetronco Velascálvaro Velilla Velliza Ventosa de la Cuesta Viana de Cega Villabaruz de Campos Villabrágima Villabáñez Villacarralón Villacid de Campos Villaco Villafrades de Campos Villafranca de Duero Villafrechós Villafuerte de Esgueva Villagarcía de Campos Villagómez la Nueva Villalar de los Comuneros Villalba de la Loma Villalba de los Alcores Villalbarba Villalán de Campos Villalón de Campos Villamuriel de Campos Villanubla Villanueva de Duero Villanueva de San Mancio Villanueva de la Condesa Villanueva de los Caballeros Villanueva de los Infantes Villardefrades Villarmentero de Esgueva Villasexmir Villavaquerín Villavellid Villaverde de Medina Villavicencio de los Caballeros Villán de Tordesillas Viloria Wamba Zaratán

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 159451730 LCCN: n81002948 GND: 4119657-0 BNF: