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Tonypandy
Tonypandy
/tɒnəˈpændi/ is a town located in the county borough of Rhondda
Rhondda
Cynon Taf, within the historic county boundaries of Glamorgan, Wales, lying in the Rhondda
Rhondda
Fawr Valley. A former industrial coal mining town, today Tonypandy
Tonypandy
is best known as the site of the 1910 Tonypandy
Tonypandy
Riots.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Pre-industrial 1.2 Industrial era

2 Sports and recreation 3 Notable people 4 References

History[edit] Pre-industrial[edit] The Tonypandy
Tonypandy
area contains several prehistoric sites, the main one being Mynydd y Gelli. Located to the north-west of the town, the remains of an Iron Age
Iron Age
settlement Hen Dre'r Gelli lies on the slopes of Mynydd Y Gelli hill between Tonypandy
Tonypandy
and Gelli. Near the same location are several Bronze Age
Bronze Age
cairns.[2]:14 Tonypandy
Tonypandy
is also the site of one of two permanent Middle Ages fortifications found within the Rhondda
Rhondda
Valley. Named Ynysygrug, it was a lesser motte and bailey earthwork defence consisting of a wooden tower surrounded by a small fortified courtyard.[2]:26 Built around the 12th or early 13th century, the remains of the fortification were mostly destroyed during railway construction works in the 19th century. The fortification was for many years wrongly thought to be the burial place of Rhys ap Tewdwr
Rhys ap Tewdwr
or a druidic worship site.[2]:26 The regional library service recounts that the name 'Tonypandy' means the meadow of the fulling mill which was established there in 1838. "E. D. Lewis in his work The Rhondda
Rhondda
Valleys provides us with an outline history of the mill that once stood in Tonypandy, and from which the town took its name".[3] Industrial era[edit] In the mid-19th century, the Rhondda
Rhondda
began its industrial transformation after the successful excavation of coal. With the extension of the Taff Vale Railway
Taff Vale Railway
to Treherbert
Treherbert
and Maerdy
Maerdy
in 1856, the Rhondda
Rhondda
grew as absentee landlords switched their interests from farming to mining. Tonypandy, unlike the surrounding villages, grew as a financial and social hub, providing services and amenities for the neighbouring communities. Served by Tonypandy
Tonypandy
railway station, it is the largest shopping area in the Rhondda
Rhondda
and is now largely pedestrianised.[4] Sports and recreation[edit] In the early part of the 20th century, Tonypandy
Tonypandy
was home to Mid- Rhondda
Rhondda
RLFC, one of the first Welsh rugby league teams.[5] Although surviving only one season, the club transformed into Mid- Rhondda
Rhondda
AFC, one of the most notable association football teams the Rhondda
Rhondda
has produced. Both Mid- Rhondda
Rhondda
teams played at the Athletic Ground, now named King George's Field, after King George V. The pitch is notable as having hosted the first international match between the Wales
Wales
and England rugby league teams on 20 April 1908.[6] It was also used as the opening venue for the 1908–09 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain, when the visiting Australian rugby league team began its campaign with a match against Mid-Rhondda.[7] When the Mid- Rhondda
Rhondda
RLFC collapsed in 1909, the committee refocused on creating an association football team. In 1912 Mid Rhondda
Rhondda
F.C. was formed, winning the South League Second Division in 1919/20. Notable people[edit]

Willie Llewellyn
Willie Llewellyn
(1878 – 1973), Welsh national rugby captain and three times Triple Crown winner Writer Rhys Davies (1901 – 1978) George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy
George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy
(1909 – 1997) was educated at Tonypandy
Tonypandy
Grammar School.[8] Boxer Tommy Farr
Tommy Farr
(1913 – 1986), the " Tonypandy
Tonypandy
Terror", trained there, living in adjoining Clydach Vale Brothers Donald Houston
Donald Houston
(1923 – 1991) and Glyn Houston (b. 1926) were both actors Len Rawle (b. 1938), organist and organ builder/restorer Footballer and club manager Nathan Jones (b. 1973) Footballer Alex Lawless
Alex Lawless
(b. 1985) Singer and actress Sophie Evans (b. 1993)

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tonypandy.

^ " Town
Town
population 2011". Retrieved 17 November 2015.  ^ a b c Davis, Paul R. (1989). Historic Rhondda. Ynyshir: Hackman. ISBN 0-9508556-3-4.  ^ Heritage trail (Tonypandy) Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. Rhondda Cynon Taf
Rhondda Cynon Taf
Library Service ^ "Tonypandy...a peaceful town benefiting from a commitment to the regeneration of the Victorian town centre". Rhondda Cynon Taf
Rhondda Cynon Taf
County Borough Council. Retrieved 4 April 2018 ^ Lush, Peter; Farrar, Dave (1998). Tries in the Valley: A History of Rugby League in Wales. London: London League Publications. pp. 31–32. ISBN 0-9526064-3-7.  ^ Gate, Robert (1986). Gone North: Volume 1. Ripponden: R. E. Gate. p. 141. ISBN 0-9511190-0-1.  ^ Sean Fagan Kangaroo Tour: 1908-1909 Archived 2008-05-23 at the Wayback Machine. (2006) at website RL1908.com ^ George Thomas (Lord Tonypandy) at Port Talbot Historical Society. Accessed 29 April 2016

v t e

Rhondda
Rhondda
Cynon Taf

Rhondda Cynon Taf
Rhondda Cynon Taf
County Borough Council

Communities

Aberaman
Aberaman
North Aberaman
Aberaman
South Abercynon Aberdare
Aberdare
East Aberdare
Aberdare
West Cwm Clydach Cwmbach Cymmer Ferndale Gilfach Goch Hirwaun Llanharan Llanharry Llantrisant Llantwit Fardre Llwydcoed Llwynypïa Maerdy Mountain Ash East Mountain Ash West Penrhiwceiber Pentre Pen-y-graig Penywaun Pont-y-clun Pontypridd Porth Rhigos Taff's Well Tonypandy Tonyrefail Trealaw Trehafod Treherbert Treorchy Tylorstown Ynyshir Ynysybwl
Ynysybwl
and Coed y Cwm Ystrad

Towns and villages

Aberaman Abercwmboi Abercynon Aberdare Abernant Beddau Blaenclydach Blaencwm Blaenllechau Blaenrhondda Britannia Bryncae Bryngolau Brynna Brynsadler Brynteg Buarth-y-Capel Bwllfa Dare Caegarw Carnetown Castell y Mwnws Castellau Cefn Rhigos Cefnpennar Church Village Cilfynydd Clydach Vale Coed-Ely Coedpenmaen Coed-y-Cwm Collena Croesbychan Cross Inn Cwm-Hwnt Cwmaman Cwmbach Cwmdare Cwmparc Cwmpennar Cymmer Dinas Rhondda Dolau Edmondstown Efail Isaf Ferndale Fernhill Foundry Town Gadlys Garden City Gelli Gilfach Goch Glan Y-Ffordd Glan-Y-Llyn Glenboi Glyncoch Glynfach Glynhafod Glyntaff Godreaman Graig Graigwen Groes-faen Hawthorn Hendreforgan Hirwaun Hopkinstown Ilan Llanharan Llanharry Llanilid Llantrisant Llantwit Fardre Llwydcoed Llwyncelyn Llwynypia Maerdy Maesycoed Miskin, Mountain Ash Miskin, Pontyclun Mountain Ash Mwyndy Nantgarw Newtown Pantygraigwen Penderyn Penpisgah Penrhiwceiber Penrhiwfer Penrhys Pentre Pentrebach Pen-y-coedcae Penygraig Penygraigwen Penywaun Perthcelyn Pontcynon Pontsionnorton Pontyclun Pontygwaith Pontypridd Porth Pwllgwaun Rhigos Rhiw Ddar Rhiwsaeson Rhydyfelin Robertstown Roberttown Stanleytown Taffs Well Talbot Green Talygarn Thomastown Ton Pentre Tonteg Tonypandy Tonyrefail Trallwn Trealaw Trebanog Trecynon Treforest Trehafod Treherbert Trenant Treorchy Ty Fry Ty-Rhiw Tyla Garw Tylcha Tylorstown Tynewydd Tynybryn Tyn-y-nant Tyntetown Upper Boat Upper Church Village Wattstown Williamstown Ynysangharad Ynysboeth Ynysddu Ynyshir Ynysmaerdy Ynyswen Ynysybwl Ystrad Rhondda

Education

Aberdare
Aberdare
Girls' School Aberdare
Aberdare
High School Blaengwawr Comprehensive School Bryn Celynnog Comprehensive School Coleg y Cymoedd Hawthorn High School Mountain Ash Comprehensive School Pontypridd
Pontypridd
High School St. John the Baptist School Treorchy
Treorchy
Comprehensive School University of South Wales Y Pant School Ysgol Gyfun Cymer Rhondda Ysgol Gyfun Garth Olwg Ysgol Gyfun Llanhari Ysgol Gyfun Rhydywaun

Rivers

Afon Clun Afon Sychryd River Cynon River Ely River Rhondda River Taff

Topic lists

Parliamentary constituencies Places SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings High Sheriffs Lord Lieutenants Museums

Major infrastructure

M4 motorway

category

v t e

Villages and towns of the Rhondda
Rhondda
Valley

Rhondda
Rhondda
Fawr

Blaencwm Blaenrhondda Cwm Clydach Cwmparc Cymmer Dinas Rhondda Gelli Glynfach Llwyncelyn Llwynypia Pentre Penygraig Pen-yr-englyn Porth Ton Pentre Tonypandy Trealaw Trebanog Trehafod Treherbert Treorchy Tynewydd Williamstown Ynyswen Ystrad Rhondda

Rhondda
Rhondda
Fach

Blaenllechau Ferndale Maerdy Penrhys Pontygwaith Tylorstown Stanleytown

.