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Cecil Antonio "Tony" Richardson (5 June 1928 – 14 November 1991) was an English theatre and film director and producer whose career spanned five decades. In 1964 he won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director for the film Tom Jones.

Contents

1 Personal life 2 Career 3 Filmography (as director) 4 Theatre 5 Bibliography 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Personal life[edit] Richardson was born in Shipley, West Riding of Yorkshire
West Riding of Yorkshire
in 1928, the son of Elsie Evans (Campion) and Clarence Albert Richardson, a chemist.[1] He was Head Boy at Ashville College, Harrogate
Harrogate
and attended Wadham College, Oxford, where his contemporaries included Rupert Murdoch, Margaret Thatcher, Kenneth Tynan, Lindsay Anderson
Lindsay Anderson
and Gavin Lambert. He had the unprecedented distinction of being the President of both the Oxford University Dramatic Society
Oxford University Dramatic Society
and the Experimental Theatre Club (the ETC), in addition to being the theatre critic for the university magazine Isis.[2] Those he cast in his student productions included Shirley Williams
Shirley Williams
(as Cordelia), John Schlesinger, Nigel Davenport
Nigel Davenport
and Robert Robinson.[3] Richardson was married to actress Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
from 1962 to 1967. The couple had two daughters, Natasha (1963–2009) and Joely Richardson (born 1965), both actresses. He left Redgrave for actress Jeanne Moreau,[4] although the marriage he had anticipated never materialised. In 1972 he also had a relationship with Grizelda Grimond, who was a secretary for Richardson's former business partner Oscar Lewenstein, and daughter of British politician Jo Grimond. Grizelda gave birth to his daughter, Katharine Grimond, on 8 January 1973.[5] Richardson was bisexual, but never acknowledged it publicly until after he contracted HIV. He died of complications from AIDS in 1991.[4][6] Career[edit]

Richardson's house from 1928 to 1948, 28 Bingley Road, Saltaire, Shipley

BFI plaque commemorating Richardson's contribution to cinema

In 1955, in his directing debut,[7] Richardson produced Jean Giraudoux's The Apollo of Bellac for Television with Denholm Elliott and Natasha Parry in the main roles.[8] Around the same time he began to be active in Britain's Free Cinema
Free Cinema
movement, co-directing the non-fiction short Momma Don't Allow (also 1955) with Karel Reisz. Part of the British "New Wave" of directors, he was involved in the formation of the English Stage Company, along with his close friend George Goetschius and George Devine. He directed John Osborne's play Look Back in Anger
Look Back in Anger
at the Royal Court Theatre, and in the same period he directed Shakespeare in Stratford-upon-Avon. Then in 1957 he directed Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
as Archie Rice in Osborne's next play The Entertainer, again for the Royal Court. In 1959, Richardson co-founded Woodfall Film Productions with John Osborne and producer Harry Saltzman, and, as Woodfall's debut, directed the film version of Look Back in Anger, his first feature film. In 1964 Richardson received two Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(Best Director and Best Picture) for Tom Jones (1963). His next film was The Loved One, during which he worked with established stars including John Gielgud, Rod Steiger and Robert Morse
Robert Morse
working in Hollywood both on location and on the sound stage. In his autobiography[9] he confesses that he did not share the general admiration of Haskell Wexler, who worked on The Loved One as both director of photography and a producer. Among stars that Richardson directed were: Jeanne Moreau, Orson Welles, Trevor Howard, David Hemmings, Nicol Williamson, Marianne Faithfull, Richard Burton,[10] Anthony Hopkins, Mick Jagger, Katharine Hepburn, Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
and Judi Dench. His musical composers included Antoine Duhamel, John Addison and Shel Silverstein. His screenwriters were Jean Genet, Christopher Isherwood, Terry Southern, Marguerite Duras, Edward Bond
Edward Bond
(adapting Vladimir Nabokov) and Edward Albee. Richardson and Osborne eventually fell out[11] during production of the film Charge of the Light Brigade (1968). The basic issue was Osborne's unwillingness to go through the rewrite process, more arduous in film than it is in the theatre. Richardson himself had a different version. In his autobiography (p. 195) he writes that Osborne was angry at being replaced, in a small rôle, by Laurence Harvey to whom the producers had obligations. Osborne took literary revenge by creating a fictionalised and pseudonymous Richardson – a domineering and arrogant character whom everyone hated – in his play Hotel in Amsterdam. Stylistically, Richardson's work was highly varied. Mademoiselle was shot noir-style on location in rural France with a static camera, monochrome film stock and no music. The Charge of the Light Brigade was part epic and part animated feature. Ned Kelly was what might be called an Aussie-western. Laughter in the Dark and A Delicate Balance were psycho-dramas. Joseph Andrews was a return to the mood of Tom Jones. He financed the escape from Wormwood Scrubs prison of the spy and double agent George Blake in 1966.[12] In 1970, Richardson was set to direct a film about Vaslav Nijinsky with a script by Edward Albee. It was to have starred Rudolf Nureyev as Nijinsky, Claude Jade
Claude Jade
as Romola and Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
as Diaghilev, but producer Harry Saltzman cancelled the project during pre-production. In 1974 he went to Los Angeles to work on a script (never produced) with Sam Shepard, and took up residence there.[13] Later that year he began work on Mahogany (1975), starring Diana Ross, but was fired by Motown
Motown
head Berry Gordy
Berry Gordy
shortly after production began, owing to creative differences. Richardson made four more major films before his death. His last, Blue Sky, was released posthumously and won a Best Actress Oscar for Jessica Lange. Filmography (as director)[edit]

The Apollo of Bellac (TV) (1954) The Actor's End (TV) (1955) Momma Don't Allow (with Karel Reisz; 1955) Look Back in Anger
Look Back in Anger
(1959) The Entertainer (1960) A Subject of Scandal and Concern (1960) Sanctuary (1961) A Taste of Honey
A Taste of Honey
(1961) The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962) Tom Jones (1963) The Loved One (1965) Mademoiselle (1966) Red and Blue (1967) The Sailor from Gibraltar
The Sailor from Gibraltar
(1967) The Charge of the Light Brigade (1968) Laughter in the Dark (1969) Hamlet
Hamlet
(1969) Ned Kelly (1970) A Delicate Balance (1973) Dead Cert (1974) Mahogany (uncredited; replaced by Berry Gordy
Berry Gordy
1975) Joseph Andrews (1977) A Death in Canaan (1978) The Border (1982) The Hotel New Hampshire (1984) Penalty Phase (TV) (1986) Beryl Markham: A Shadow on the Sun (1988) Women & Men: Stories of Seduction (with Frederic Raphael and Ken Russell; 1990) The Phantom of the Opera (TV) (1990) Blue Sky (1994)

Theatre[edit] sources: Adler; Little & McLaughlin; Richardson

Year Play House City Run

1954 The Changeling Wyndham's London 1 perf.

1955 The Country Wife Th. Royal, Stratford E London 3 weeks

1955 Mr Kettle & Mrs Moon[14] Duchess London

1956 The Mulberry Bush[15] Royal Court London

1956 The Crucible[15] Royal Court London

1956 Look Back in Anger Royal Court London 151 perf.

1956 Cards of Identity Royal Court London

1957 Look Back in Anger John Golden, Lyceum New York ~1 year

1957 Look Back in Anger

Moscow

1957 The Member of the Wedding Royal Court London

1957 The Entertainer Royal Court London 4 weeks

1957 The Apollo of Bellac Royal Court London

1957 The Chairs Royal Court London

1957 The Entertainer Palace London 6 months

1957 The Making of Moo Royal Court London

1957 Requiem for a Nun Royal Court London

1958 The Entertainer Royale New York

1958 The Chairs
The Chairs
& The Lesson Phoenix New York 17 perf.

1958 Flesh to a Tiger Royal Court London

1958 Pericles SMT Stratford-on-Avon

1959 Othello[16] SMT Stratford-on-Avon

1959 Orpheus Descending Royal Court London

1959 Look After Lulu! Royal Court London 45 perf.

1959 Look After Lulu! New London 5 months

1960 A Taste of Honey

Los Angeles

1960 A Taste of Honey Booth, Lyceum New York 376 perf.

1961 The Changeling Royal Court London

1961 Luther Royal Court[17] London 28 perf.

1961 Luther Phoenix London 239 perf.

1962 A Midsummer Night's Dream Royal Court London 29 perf.

1962 Semi-Detached Saville London

1963 Natural Affection Booth New York 31 perf.

1963 Luther Lunt-Fontanne, St. James New York 6 months

1963 Semi-Detached Music Box New York 12 perf.

1963 Arturo Ui Lunt-Fontanne New York 8 perf.

1964 The Milk Train...[18] Brooks Atkinson New York 5 perf.

1964 The Seagull Queen's London

1964 St Joan of the Stockyards Queen's London 3 weeks

1969 Hamlet Roundhouse London 10 weeks

1969 Hamlet Lunt-Fontanne New York[19] 52 perf.

1972 The Threepenny Opera Prince of Wales London

1972 I, Claudius Queen's London

1973 Anthony and Cleopatra Bankside Globe Playhouse London

1976 The Lady from the Sea Circle in the Square Theatre New York

1979 As You Like It Center Theatre Long Beach

1983 Toyer Kennedy Center Washington

1984 Dreamhouse L.A. Stage Co. Hollywood

Bibliography[edit]

Richardson, Tony (1993). Long Distance Runner – A memoir. London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0-571-16852-3. 

Heilpern, John (2006). John Osborne: A Patriot for Us. London: Chatto & Windus. ISBN 978-0-7011-6780-6. 

Little, Ruth & McLaughlin, Emily (2007). The Royal Court Theatre Inside Out. Oberon Books. ISBN 978-1-84002-763-1.  Adler, Tim (2012). The House of Redgrave. London: Aurum. ISBN 978-1-84513-623-9. 

See also[edit]

Biography portal

Kitchen sink realism

References[edit]

^ Richardson, pp 1–5 ^ Richardson, p.45 ^ Adler, p.26 ^ a b " "The cursed legacy that still haunts Vanessa Redgrave". Daily Mail. UK. 7 May 2011.  ^ Richardson, p.233 ^ Heilpern, p.142 ^ David Parkinson, 'Richardson, Cecil Antonio [Tony] (1928–1991)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 ^ "Giraudoux Play on Television 'The Apollo of Bellac'", The Times, 13 August 1955 ^ Richardson, p. 163 ^ Until dismissed by Richardson for repeatedly failing to show up on set as contracted (Richardson, pp. 212–3) ^ Heilpern, pp.346–51 ^ "John Quine". The Daily Telegraph. London. 12 June 2013.  ^ Richardson, p. 242. ^ Richardson was actually fired by the author, J. B. Priestley, who took over directing himself ^ a b As Asst. to George Devine ^ Starring Paul Robeson ^ Also Nottingham, Paris, Amsterdam, Edinburgh Festival ^ Starring Tallulah Bankhead ^ Also toured

External links[edit]

Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
on IMDb BFI: Tony Richardson Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
at Find a Grave

v t e

Films directed by Tony Richardson

Momma Don't Allow (1955) Look Back in Anger
Look Back in Anger
(1959) The Entertainer (1960) Sanctuary (1961) A Taste of Honey
A Taste of Honey
(1961) The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962) Tom Jones (1963) The Loved One (1965) Mademoiselle (1966) The Sailor from Gibraltar
The Sailor from Gibraltar
(1967) The Charge of the Light Brigade (1968) Laughter in the Dark (1969) Hamlet
Hamlet
(1969) Ned Kelly (1970) A Delicate Balance (1973) Dead Cert (1974) Joseph Andrews (1977) The Border (1982) The Hotel New Hampshire (1984) Penalty Phase (1986) The Phantom of the Opera (1990) Women & Men: Stories of Seduction (1990) Blue Sky (1994)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best British Screenplay

George Tabori
George Tabori
and Robin Estridge (1954) William Rose (1955) Nigel Balchin
Nigel Balchin
(1956) Pierre Boulle
Pierre Boulle
(1957) Paul Dehn (1958) Frank Harvey, John Boulting and Alan Hackney (1959) Bryan Forbes
Bryan Forbes
(1960) Wolf Mankowitz and Val Guest
Val Guest
/ Shelagh Delaney
Shelagh Delaney
and Tony Richardson (1961) Robert Bolt (1962) John Osborne
John Osborne
(1963) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) David Mercer (1966) Robert Bolt (1967)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 54333639 LCCN: n93075300 ISNI: 0000 0001 0857 6213 GND: 11918429X SUDOC: 034751459 BNF: cb138989843 (data) NLA: 36528418 NDL: 00547364 NKC: xx0164794 BNE: XX1316294 SN

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