Tony Fisher is a British puzzle designer who specialises in creating custom rotational puzzles. He is acknowledged by cubing enthusiasts as a pioneer in the creation of new puzzle designs and new manufacturing techniques.[1][2][3] In 2017 the Guinness Book of World Records acknowledged Fisher as the creator of the world's largest Rubik's cube.[4]


1 Career

1.1 Guinness World Record 1.2 Other novelty cubes 1.3 Fidget spinner

2 Puzzle designs 3 References 4 External links

Career[edit] Fisher is both a puzzle collector and designer.[5] He first bought a Rubik's Cube in 1980 when it was first released in the UK.[6] He worked out his own solution to solve it.[6] Fisher first began creating puzzles in 1981, when he modified two existing Rubik’s cubes by joining them along one edge to create a new device called the Siamese cube.[1] This has been accredited as the first example of a “handmade modified rotational puzzle”.[1]

Tony Fisher at a puzzle event with one of his puzzles

In 1995 Fisher further modified the conventional rotational puzzle design by shifting its cutting planes to create a 3x3x4 cube.[1] This invention was further adapted in the creation of 2x3x4, 3x3x5 and 4x4x5 cube puzzles. Another technique, initially developed by Geert Hellings, rounded the centre piece of a conventional 4x4x4 cube to create additional turning layers for a uniform 2x2x4, 6x6x6 and non-uniform 2x2x6.[1] Fisher’s Golden Cubes, initially intended to be released as the Millennium Cube, began production in the early 2000s.[2] Created by modifying the Skewb, it is the first example of a rotational puzzle that features just one colour scheme, requiring the solver to restore the cube’s shape without the visual aid of having separate colours for each side.[1] The Golden Cube is considered to be Fisher’s most unusual contribution to the design of new combination puzzles,[1] and has been mass-produced by Uwe Meffert.[2] This cube puzzle was followed by the Cube, using the modified mechanism from an Eastsheen 4x4x4 cube, and in 2007 the Hexaminx puzzle, a cubic version of the Megaminx for which Fisher has used new manufacturing techniques involving polyurethane resins.[1] Since 1981 Fisher has designed and crafted around 100 puzzles based on different puzzle mechanisms.[1] As well as puzzle manufacturing, he has also worked for Suffolk County Council as an archaeologist.[7] Guinness World Record[edit] At the beginning of 2016 he built the world's largest Rubik's Cube, which took him a total 156 hours to build in his garage.[6] It was 1.57 metres tall and weighed 100 kilograms.[8] He released a sped-up video showing how he spent two days working to solve the massive puzzle.[6] In 2017 the Guinness Book of World Records acknowledged Fisher as the creator of the world's largest Rubik's cube, which measured 1.57m long, created in 2016.[4][9][10] Other novelty cubes[edit] In June 2016 Fisher also created the world's smallest functioning Rubik's Cube which measured only 5.6 millimetres on each side.[11][12] In December 2017 he unveiled a Rubik’s Cube which was made from 95% ice.[13] His other creations include a Rubik's Cube made from candles; one made from cheese; and one made from chocolate.[5][14] Fidget spinner[edit] In June 2017 he unveiled the world largest fidget spinner.[15] The spinner had a diameter of over 3.3 metres, and took him 40 hours to build.[16] Puzzle designs[edit] Examples of Fisher’s puzzle designs can be found at the Puzzle Museum, including his Cylinder Cube, Golden Cube, Hexagonal Prism, Truncated Octaminx and Truncated Octahedron. References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i Slocum, Jerry (2009). The Cube. The Ultimate Guide to the World’s Best Selling Puzzles. Black Dog & Leventhal. ISBN 978-1-57912-805-0.  ^ a b c "A Fully Operational 2x2x4 Cube with Uniform Cubies". Retrieved 19 July 2014.  ^ "Dutch Cube Day". Retrieved 19 July 2014.  ^ a b Guinness World Records 2018. 2018. ISBN 978-1-910561-71-3.  ^ a b Farah Celjo (13 March 2018). "This working Rubik's cube is made completely out of cheese". SBS.  ^ a b c d Ben Hooper (2 June 2016). "Creator of world's largest Rubik's cube solves the puzzle". United Press International.  ^ "Mr Tony Fisher, Archaeologist". Retrieved 19 July 2014.  ^ Rachel Swatman (19 April 2016). "Video: Watch maker of world's largest Rubik's cube attempt to solve it". Guinness World Records.  ^ "Largest Rubik's Cube". Retrieved 27 November 2017.  ^ "Video: Watch maker of world's largest Rubik's cube attempt to solve it". Retrieved 27 November 2017.  ^ Ben Hooper (4 October 2016). "British man solves 'world's smallest Rubik's cube' with tweezers". United Press International.  ^ Derrick Rosignol (13 May 2017). "The World's Smallest Rubik's Cube is So, So, So Very Teeny-Tiny". Nerdist.  ^ "Guinness World Record Holder Tony Fisher Makes an Icy-Rubik Cube". 29 December 2017.  ^ Carla Sinclair (21 March 2018). "Puzzle maker creates fully functional chocolate Rubik's cube". Boing Boing.  ^ Ben Hooper (27 June 2017). "British inventor shows off world's largest fidget spinner". United Press International.  ^ "British Enthusiast Makes the World's Largest Fidget Spinner". Sputnik News. 28 June 2017. 

External links[edit]

Official website Puzzle Museum Tony Fisher Rotational Puzzles

v t e

Rubik's Cube

Puzzle inventors

Ernő Rubik Uwe Mèffert Tony Fisher Panagiotis Verdes Oskar van Deventer

Rubik's Cubes

Overview 2×2×2 (Pocket Cube) 3×3×3 (Rubik's Cube) 4×4×4 (Rubik's Revenge) 5×5×5 (Professor's Cube) 6×6×6 (V-Cube 6) 7×7×7 (V-Cube 7) 8×8×8 (V-Cube 8)

Cubic variations

Helicopter Cube Skewb Square 1 Sudoku Cube Nine-Colour Cube Void Cube

Non-cubic variations


Pyraminx Pyraminx Duo Pyramorphix BrainTwist


Skewb Diamond


Megaminx (Variations) Pyraminx Crystal Skewb Ultimate


Impossiball Dogic

Great dodecahedron

Alexander's Star

Truncated icosahedron



Floppy Cube (1x3x3) Rubik's Domino (2x3x3)

Virtual variations (>3D)

MagicCube4D MagicCube5D MagicCube7D Magic 120-cell


Missing Link Rubik's 360 Rubik's Clock Rubik's Magic

Master Edition

Rubik's Revolution Rubik's Snake Rubik's Triamid

Renowned solvers

Erik Akkersdijk Yu Nakajima Bob Burton, Jr. Jessica Fridrich Chris Hardwick Kevin Hays Rowe Hessler Leyan Lo Shotaro Makisumi Toby Mao Tyson Mao Frank Morris Lars Petrus Gilles Roux David Singmaster Ron van Bruchem Eric Limeback Anthony Michael Brooks Mats Valk Feliks Zemdegs Collin Burns Lucas Etter Max Park





Layer by Layer CFOP Method Roux Method Corners First Optimal


God's algorithm Superflip Thistlethwaite's algorithm Rubik's Cube group

Official organization

World Cube Association

Related articles

Rubik's Cube in popular culture The Simple Solution to Rubik's Cube 1982 World Rubik's Cube