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Tongguan County
Tongguan County
is a county in Shaanxi, China, administered as part of the prefecture-level city of Weinan. Its eponymous county seat, formerly romanized as Tungkwan,[a] lies south of the confluence of the Wei and Yellow Rivers. It is the southeastern corner of the Ordos Loop, the point at which the Qin Mountains
Qin Mountains
turn the Yellow River sharply eastward, forcing it into the North China
China
Plain. During the Middle Ages, the Tong Pass
Tong Pass
or Tongguan pass was an important chokepoint, protecting Xi'an
Xi'an
and the surrounding Guanzhong
Guanzhong
area from outside attack. It now lies at the intersection of Shaanxi, Shanxi, and Henan.

Contents

1 History 2 Notes 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] Chinese civilization first grew up along the Wei, Luo, and Yellow River valleys of the Loess Plateau
Loess Plateau
before expanding out into the "barbarians" who held the North China
China
Plain. The state of Qin fortified the Hangu Pass
Hangu Pass
to the east of Tongguan as its eastern border and it continued to protect the Chinese heartland from outside attack during the Qin and Han dynasties. During the Eastern Han that succeeded Wang Mang's short-lived "Xin dynasty", the guards at Hangu reversed themselves and protected Luoyang
Luoyang
in the plains from attacks coming from the west. From the time of the AD 211 Battle of Tongguan, however, Tongguan replaced the Hangu Pass
Hangu Pass
as the principal strategic post between the Guanzhong
Guanzhong
area and the North China
China
Plain. Under the Tang, the fall of Tongguan to An Lushan's rebels led directly to their capture of the capital Chang'an
Chang'an
(now Xi'an, Shaanxi).[2] Notes[edit]

^ Tongguan has also been romanized as Tung-kwan.[1]

References[edit]

^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. (1878), Vol. V, "China". ^ Chinese History - Tang Dynasty: The Rebellion of An Lushan

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tongguan.

External links[edit]

(in Chinese) Official website

v t e

Prefecture-level city
Prefecture-level city
of Weinan

Districts

Linwei Huazhou

Cities

Hancheng Huayin

Counties

Baishui Chengcheng Dali Fuping Heyang Pucheng Tongguan

Landmarks

Mount Hua Tong Pass Heyang Qiachuan National Park Grave and Ancestral Temple of Sima Qian Xiyue Temple Fawang Temple

Culture & demographics

People Qinqiang
Qinqiang
Opera Crystal cake

Education

Weinan
Weinan
Normal University

Economy

Weinan
Weinan
Hi-Tech Industries Development Zone

Transport

Weinan
Weinan
railway station Weinan
Weinan
North railway station Huashan North railway station Dali railway station Weinan
Weinan
Weihe Grand Bridge China
China
National Highway 108 China
China
National Highway 310 G5 Expressway G30 Expressway

v t e

County-level divisions of Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Province

Xi'an
Xi'an
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Xi'an

Xincheng District Lianhu District Beilin District Baqiao District Weiyang District Yanta District Yanliang District Lintong District Chang'an
Chang'an
District Gaoling District Huyi District Lantian County Zhouzhi County

Prefecture-level cities

Tongchuan

Yaozhou District Wangyi District Yintai District Yijun County

Baoji

Weibin District Jintai District Chencang District Fengxiang County Qishan County Fufeng County Mei County Long County Qianyang County Linyou County Feng County Taibai County

Xianyang

Qindu District Weicheng District Yangling District Xingping
Xingping
City Sanyuan County Jingyang County Qian County Liquan County Yongshou County Bin County Changwu County Xunyi County Chunhua County Wugong County

Weinan

Linwei District Huazhou District Huayin
Huayin
City Hancheng
Hancheng
City Tongguan County Dali County Pucheng County Chengcheng County Baishui County Heyang County Fuping County

Yan'an

Baota District Ansai District Yanchang County Yanchuan County Zichang County Zhidan County Wuqi County Ganquan County Fu County Luochuan County Yichuan County Huanglong County Huangling County

Hanzhong

Hantai District Nanzheng District Chenggu County Yang County Xixiang County Mian County Ningqiang County Lueyang County Zhenba County Liuba County Foping County

Yulin

Yuyang District Hengshan District Shenmu
Shenmu
City Fugu County Jingbian County Dingbian County Suide County Mizhi County Jia County Wubu County Qingjian County Zizhou County

Ankang

Hanbin District Hanyin County Shiquan County Ningshan County Ziyang County Langao County Pingli County Zhenping County Xunyang County Baihe County

Shangluo

Shangzhou District Luonan County Danfeng County Shangnan County Shanyang County Zhen'an County Zhashui County

Coordinates: 34°29′11″N 110°15′49″E / 34.48639°N 110.26361°E / 3

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