A tomb (from Greek: τύμβος tumbos) is a repository for the
remains of the dead. It is generally any structurally enclosed
interment space or burial chamber, of varying sizes.
The word is used in a broad sense to encompass a number of such types
of places of interment or, occasionally, burial, including:
Architectural shrines – in Christianity, an architectural shrine
above a saint's first place of burial, as opposed to a similar  on
which stands a reliquary or feretory into which the saint's remains
have been transferred
Burial vault – a stone or brick-lined underground space for multiple
burials, originally vaulted, often privately owned for specific family
groups; usually beneath a religious building such as a church or in a
churchyard or cemetery
Church monument – within a church (or a tomb-style chest in a
churchyard) may be a place of interment, but this is unusual; it may
more commonly stand over the grave or burial vault rather than
containing the actual body and therefore is not a tomb.
Crypts – often, though not always, for interment; similar to burial
vaults but usually for more general public interment
Hypogeum tomb - stone-built underground structure for interment, such
as the tombs of ancient Egypt
Kokh (tomb) – a rectangular rock-cut sloping space, running inward,
like tunnels into rock, sufficiently high and wide to permit the
admission of a corpse
Mausoleum for the remains of martyrs, such as San Pietro
Mausoleum (including ancient pyramid in some countries) – external
free-standing structure, above ground, acting as both monument and
place of interment, usually for individuals or a family group
Megalithic tomb (including Chamber tomb) – prehistoric place of
interment, often for large communities, constructed of large stones
and originally covered with an earthen mound
Ohel, a structure built around the grave or graves of Hasidic Rebbes,
prominent rabbis, Jewish community leaders, and biblical figures in
Israel and the diaspora
Pillar tomb – a monumental grave. Its central feature is a single,
prominent pillar or column, often made of stone.
Rock-cut tomb – a form widespread in the ancient world, in which the
tomb is not built but carved out of the rock and can be a
free-standing building but is more commonly a cave, which may be
extensive and may or may not have an elaborate facade.
Sarcophagus – a stone container for a body or coffin, often
decorated and perhaps part of a monument; it may stand within a
religious building or greater tomb or mausoleum.
Sepulchre – a cavernous rock-cut space for interment, generally in
the Jewish or Christian faiths (cf. Holy Sepulchre).
Samadhi – in India a tomb for a deceased saint that often has a
larger building over it as a shrine
Other forms of archaeological "tombs", such as ship burials
Tumulus – (plural: tumuli) A mound of earth and stones raised over a
grave or graves. Tumuli are also known as barrows, burial mounds,
Hügelgräber or kurgans', and can be found throughout much of the
world. A cairn (a mound of stones built for various purposes), might
also be originally a tumulus. A long barrow is a long tumulus, usually
for numbers of burials.
As indicated, tombs are generally located in or under religious
buildings, such as churches, or in cemeteries or churchyards. However,
they may also be found in catacombs, on private land or, in the case
of early or pre-historic tombs, in what is today open landscape.
The Daisen Kofun, the tomb of
Emperor Nintoku (the 16th Emperor of
Japan), is the largest in the world by area. However, the Pyramid
of Khufu in
Egypt is the largest by volume.
Catacombs of Rome
Death in Norse paganism
English church monuments
List of extant papal tombs
List of mausolea
List of non-extant papal tombs
List of tombs and mausoleums
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tombs.
^ τύμβος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English
Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
^ Morana, Martin (2011). Bejn Kliem u Storja (in Maltese). Malta:
Books Distributors Limited. p. 211. ISBN 978-99957-0137-6.
Archived from the original on 10 October 2016.
^ Merueñas, Mark (2012-11-04). "Where emperors sleep: Japan's
keyhole-shaped burial mounds". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2017-01-11.
The Nintoku-ryo tumulus is one of almost 50 tumuli collectively known
as "Mozu Kofungun" clustered around the city, and covers the largest
area of any tomb in the world.