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Sir Tom Stoppard
Sir Tom Stoppard
OM CBE FRSL HonFBA (born Tomáš Straussler; 3 July 1937) is a Czech-born British playwright and screenwriter, knighted in 1997.[1] He has written prolifically for TV, radio, film and stage, finding prominence with plays such as Arcadia, The Coast of Utopia, Every Good Boy Deserves Favour, Professional Foul, The Real Thing, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead. He co-wrote the screenplays for Brazil, The Russia House, and Shakespeare in Love, and has received one Academy Award
Academy Award
and four Tony Awards.[2] Themes of human rights, censorship and political freedom pervade his work along with exploration of linguistics and philosophy. Stoppard has been a key playwright of the National Theatre and is one of the most internationally performed dramatists of his generation.[3] In 2008 The Daily Telegraph ranked him number 11 in their list of the "100 most powerful people in British culture".[4] Born in Czechoslovakia, Stoppard left as a child refugee, fleeing imminent Nazi occupation. He settled with his family in Britain after the war, in 1946, having spent the three years prior (1943–46) in a boarding school in Darjeeling
Darjeeling
in the Indian Himalayas. After being educated at schools in Nottingham and Yorkshire, Stoppard became a journalist, a drama critic and then, in 1960, a playwright.

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Early years 1.2 Career

2 Themes 3 Personal life 4 Archive 5 Selected awards and honours

5.1 Awards 5.2 Honours

6 Published works 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Life and career[edit] Early years[edit] Stoppard was born Tomáš Straussler, in Zlín, a city dominated by the shoe-manufacturing industry, in the Moravia
Moravia
region of Czechoslovakia. He was the son of Martha Becková and Eugen Straussler, a doctor with the Bata shoe company. Both of his parents were non-observant Jews,[5] part of a long-established community. Just before the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, the town's patron, Jan Antonín Baťa, helped re-post his Jewish employees, mostly physicians, to various branches of his firm all over the world.[6][7] On 15 March 1939, the day that the Nazis invaded Czechoslovakia, the Straussler family fled to Singapore, one of the places Bata had a company. Before the Japanese occupation of Singapore
Japanese occupation of Singapore
(February 1942), the two sons and their mother were sent on to Australia. Stoppard's father remained in Singapore as a British army volunteer, knowing that, as a doctor, he would be needed in its defence.[5] Stoppard was four years old when his father died.[8] In the book Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
in Conversation, Stoppard tells how his father died in Japanese captivity, a prisoner of war[9][10] although Straussler is also commonly reported to have drowned on board a ship bombed by Japanese forces.[5] From there, in 1941, when Tomas was five, the three were evacuated to Darjeeling
Darjeeling
in India. The boys attended Mount Hermon School, an American multi-racial school,[9] where Tomas became Tom and his brother Petr became Peter. In 1945, his mother Martha married British army major Kenneth Stoppard, who gave the boys his English surname and, in 1946, after the war, moved the family to England.[1] His stepfather believed strongly that "to be born an Englishman was to have drawn first prize in the lottery of life" – a quote from Cecil Rhodes – telling his small stepson: "Don't you realise that I made you British?"[11] setting up Stoppard's desire as a child to become "an honorary Englishman". "I fairly often find I'm with people who forget I don't quite belong in the world we're in", he says. "I find I put a foot wrong – it could be pronunciation, an arcane bit of English history – and suddenly I'm there naked, as someone with a pass, a press ticket." This is reflected in his characters, he notes, who are "constantly being addressed by the wrong name, with jokes and false trails to do with the confusion of having two names".[11] Stoppard attended the Dolphin School in Nottinghamshire, and later completed his education at Pocklington School
Pocklington School
in East Riding, Yorkshire, which he hated.[10] Stoppard left school at seventeen and began work as a journalist for the Western Daily Press in Bristol, never receiving a university education, having taken against the idea.[10] Years later he came to regret not going to university, but at the time he loved his work as a journalist and felt passionately about his career.[10] He remained at the paper from 1954 until 1958, when the Bristol Evening World offered Stoppard the position of feature writer, humour columnist, and secondary drama critic, which took Stoppard into the world of theatre. At the Bristol Old Vic – at the time a well-regarded regional repertory company – Stoppard formed friendships with director John Boorman
John Boorman
and actor Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
early in their careers. In Bristol, he became known more for his strained attempts at humour and unstylish clothes than for his writing.[1] Career[edit] Stoppard wrote short radio plays in 1953–54 and by 1960 he had completed his first stage play, A Walk on the Water, which was later re-titled Enter a Free Man (1968).[10] He noted that the work owed much to Robert Bolt's Flowering Cherry and Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. Within a week after sending A Walk on the Water to an agent, Stoppard received his version of the "Hollywood-style telegrams that change struggling young artists' lives." His first play was optioned, staged in Hamburg, then broadcast on British Independent Television in 1963.[1] From September 1962 until April 1963, Stoppard worked in London as a drama critic for Scene magazine, writing reviews and interviews both under his name and the pseudonym William Boot (taken from Evelyn Waugh's Scoop). In 1964, a Ford Foundation
Ford Foundation
grant enabled Stoppard to spend 5 months writing in a Berlin mansion, emerging with a one-act play titled Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Meet King Lear, which later evolved into his Tony-winning play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead.[1] In the following years, Stoppard produced several works for radio, television and the theatre, including "M" is for Moon Among Other Things (1964), A Separate Peace (1966) and If You're Glad I'll Be Frank (1966). On 11 April 1967 – following acclaim at the 1966 Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Festival – the opening of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead in a National Theatre production at the Old Vic
Old Vic
made Stoppard an overnight success. Jumpers (1972) places a professor of moral philosophy in a murder mystery thriller alongside a slew of radical gymnasts, and Travesties
Travesties
(1974) explored the 'Wildean' possibilities arising from the fact that Vladimir Lenin, James Joyce, and Tristan Tzara
Tristan Tzara
had all been in Zurich
Zurich
during the First World War.[3] In his early years, he also wrote extensively for BBC radio, often introducing surrealist themes. He has also adapted many of his stage works for radio, film and television winning extensive awards and honours from the start of his career. His latest original radio production, Darkside (2013), has been written for BBC
BBC
Radio 2 to celebrate the 40th anniversary of Pink Floyd's album, The Dark Side of the Moon.[12] Stoppard has written one novel, Lord Malquist and Mr Moon (1966), set in contemporary London. Its cast includes the 18th-century figure of the dandified Malquist and his ineffectual Boswell, Moon, and also cowboys, a lion (banned from the Ritz) and a donkey-borne Irishman claiming to be the Risen Christ. In the 1980s, in addition to writing his own works, Stoppard translated many plays into English, including works by Sławomir Mrożek, Johann Nestroy, Arthur Schnitzler, and Václav Havel. It was at this time that Stoppard became influenced by the works of Polish and Czech absurdists. He has been co-opted into the Outrapo group, a far-from-serious French movement to improve actors' stage technique through science.[13] Stoppard has also co-written screenplays including Shakespeare in Love and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Spielberg states that though Stoppard was uncredited, "he was responsible for almost every line of dialogue in the film".[14] It is also rumoured that Stoppard worked on Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, though again Stoppard received no official or formal credit in this role.[15] He worked in a similar capacity with Tim Burton
Tim Burton
on his film Sleepy Hollow.[16] In 2008, Stoppard was voted number 76 on the Time 100, Time magazine's list of the most influential people in the world. Stoppard serves on the advisory board of the magazine Standpoint, and was instrumental in its foundation, giving the opening speech at its launch.[17] He is also a patron of the Shakespeare Schools Festival, a charity that enables school children across the UK to perform Shakespeare in professional theatres.[18] In July 2013 Stoppard was awarded the PEN Pinter Prize for "determination to tell things as they are."[19] Stoppard was appointed president of the London Library
London Library
in 2002.[20] In July 2017, Stoppard was elected an Honorary Fellow of the British Academy (HonFBA), the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and social sciences.[21] Stoppard was appointed Cameron Mackintosh Visiting Professor of Contemporary Theatre, St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, for the academic year 2017-2018. Themes[edit] Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead (1966–67) was Stoppard's first major play to gain recognition. The story of Hamlet, as told from the viewpoint of two courtiers echoes Beckett in its double act repartee, existential themes and language play.[3] "Stoppardian" became a term describing works using wit and comedy while addressing philosophical concepts.[3] Critic Dennis Kennedy notes "It established several characteristics of Stoppard's dramaturgy: his word-playing intellectuality, audacious, paradoxical, and self-conscious theatricality, and preference for reworking pre-existing narratives... Stoppard's plays have been sometimes dismissed as pieces of clever showmanship, lacking in substance, social commitment, or emotional weight. His theatrical surfaces serve to conceal rather than reveal their author's views, and his fondness for towers of paradox spirals away from social comment. This is seen most clearly in his comedies The Real Inspector Hound
The Real Inspector Hound
(1968) and After Magritte (1970), which create their humour through highly formal devices of reframing and juxtaposition."[3] Stoppard himself went so far as to declare "I must stop compromising my plays with this whiff of social application. They must be entirely untouched by any suspicion of usefulness."[1] He acknowledges that he started off "as a language nerd", primarily enjoying linguistic and ideological playfulness, feeling early in his career that journalism was far better suited for presaging political change, than playwriting.[10] The accusations of favouring intellectuality over political commitment or commentary were met with a change of tack, as Stoppard produced increasingly socially engaged work.[3] From 1977, he became personally involved with human rights issues, in particular with the situation of political dissidents in Central and Eastern Europe. In February 1977, he visited the Soviet Union and several Eastern European countries with a member of Amnesty International.[1] In June, Stoppard met Vladimir Bukovsky
Vladimir Bukovsky
in London and travelled to Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(then under communist control), where he met dissident playwright and future president Václav Havel, whose writing he greatly admires.[1][10] Stoppard became involved with Index on Censorship, Amnesty International, and the Committee Against Psychiatric Abuse
Committee Against Psychiatric Abuse
and wrote various newspaper articles and letters about human rights. He was also instrumental in translating Havel's works into English. Every Good Boy Deserves Favour (1977), 'a play for actors and orchestra' was based on a request by composer André Previn; inspired by a meeting with a Russian exile. This play as well as Dogg's Hamlet, Cahoot's Macbeth (1979), The Coast of Utopia (2002), Rock 'n' Roll (2006), and two works for television Professional Foul (1977) and Squaring the Circle (1984) all concern themes of censorship, rights abuses, and state repression.[3] Stoppard's later works have sought greater inter-personal depths, whilst maintaining their intellectual playfulness. Stoppard acknowledges that around 1982 he moved away from the "argumentative" works and more towards plays of the heart, as he became "less shy" about emotional openness. Discussing the later integration of heart and mind in his work, he commented "I think I was too concerned when I set off, to have a firework go off every few seconds... I think I was always looking for the entertainer in myself and I seem to be able to entertain through manipulating language... [but] it's really about human beings, it's not really about language at all." The Real Thing (1982) uses a meta-theatrical structure to explore the suffering that adultery can produce and The Invention of Love
The Invention of Love
(1997) also investigates the pain of passion. Arcadia (1993) explores the meeting of chaos theory, historiography, and landscape gardening.[3] He was inspired by a Trevor Nunn production of Gorky's Summerfolk to write a trilogy of "human" plays: The Coast of Utopia (Voyage, Shipwreck, and Salvage, 2002).[10] Stoppard has commented that he loves the medium of theatre for how 'adjustable' it is at every point, how unfrozen it is, continuously growing and developing through each rehearsal, free from the text. His experience of writing for film is similar, offering the liberating opportunity to 'play God', in control of creative reality. It often takes four to five years from the first idea of a play to staging, taking pains to be as profoundly accurate in his research as he can be.[10] Personal life[edit] Stoppard has been married three times. His first marriage was to Josie Ingle (1965–1972), a nurse;[22] his second marriage was to Miriam Stern (1972–92), whom he left to begin a relationship with actress Felicity Kendal.[23][24] He has two sons from each of his first two marriages: Oliver Stoppard, Barnaby Stoppard, the actor Ed Stoppard, and Will Stoppard, who is married to violinist Linzi Stoppard.[24] In 2014 he married Sabrina Guinness, daughter of James Edward Alexander Rundell Guinness and his wife, Pauline Mander.[25] Stoppard's mother died in 1996. The family had not talked about their history and neither brother knew what had happened to the family left behind in Czechoslovakia.[26] In the early 1990s, with the fall of communism, Stoppard found out that all four of his grandparents had been Jewish and had died in Terezin, Auschwitz
Auschwitz
and other camps, along with three of his mother's sisters. In 1998, following the deaths of his parents he returned to Zlín
Zlín
for the first time in over 50 years.[10] He has expressed grief both for a lost father and a missing past, but he has no sense of being a survivor, at whatever remove. "I feel incredibly lucky not to have had to survive or die. It's a conspicuous part of what might be termed a charmed life."[11] In the 1970s Stoppard and his wife Miriam bought Iver Grove
Iver Grove
in Buckinghamshire and lived there for around 20 years.[27] In 1979, the year of Margaret Thatcher's election, Stoppard noted to Paul Delaney: "I'm a conservative with a small c. I am a conservative in politics, literature, education and theatre."[28] In 2007, Stoppard described himself as a "timid libertarian".[29] The Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
Prize (Czech: Cena Toma Stopparda) was created in 1983 under the Charter 77
Charter 77
Foundation and is awarded to authors of Czech origin.[30] Stoppard, Kevin Spacey, Jude Law, and others, joined protests against the regime of Alexander Lukashenko
Alexander Lukashenko
in March 2011, showing their support for the Belarusian democracy movement.[31] In 2014, Stoppard publicly backed "Hacked Off" and its campaign towards press self-regulation by "safeguarding the press from political interference while also giving vital protection to the vulnerable."[32] Stoppard sat for sculptor Alan Thornhill, and a bronze head is now in public collection, situated with the Stoppard papers in the reading room of the Harry Ransom Center
Harry Ransom Center
at the University of Texas at Austin.[33] The terracotta remains in the collection of the artist in London.[34] The correspondence file relating to the Stoppard bust is held in the archive of the Henry Moore Foundation's Henry Moore Institute in Leeds.[35] Stoppard also sat for the sculptor and friend Angela Conner, and his bronze portrait bust is on display in the grounds of Chatsworth House.

Tom Stoppard, whose archive resides at the Harry Ransom Center, on The University of Texas at Austin
University of Texas at Austin
campus in 1996. Image courtesy of Harry Ransom Center.

Archive[edit] The papers of Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
are housed at the Harry Ransom Center
Harry Ransom Center
at the University of Texas at Austin. The archive was first established by Stoppard in 1991 and continues to grow. The collection consists of typescript and handwritten drafts, revision pages, outlines, and notes; production material, including cast lists, set drawings, schedules, and photographs; theatre programs; posters; advertisements; clippings; page and galley proofs; dust jackets; correspondence; legal documents and financial papers, including passports, contracts, and royalty and account statements; itineraries; appointment books and diary sheets; photographs; sheet music; sound recordings; a scrapbook; artwork; minutes of meetings; and publications.[36] Selected awards and honours[edit] Awards[edit]

1967: Evening Standard Award for Most Promising Playwright (UK) 1967: Plays and Players London Theatre Critics Award Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead (UK) 1968: Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play, New York Drama Critics' Circle
New York Drama Critics' Circle
Best Play of the Year (US), Plays and Players London Theatre Critics Award for Best New Play (UK) 1968: Albert's Bridge – Prix Italia (Italy)[37] 1972: Jumpers Evening Standard Award for Best Play, Plays and Players London Theatre Critics Award for Best New Play (UK) 1974: Travesties
Travesties
Evening Standard Award for Best Comedy of the Year (UK) 1976: Travesties
Travesties
Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play, New York Critics Award for Best Play (US) 1978: Night and Day – Evening Standard Award for Best Play (UK) 1982: The Dog It Was That Died – Giles Cooper Award 1982: The Real Thing – Evening Standard Award for Best Play (UK) 1984: The Real Thing – Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play, New York Critics Award for Best Foreign Play (US) 1991: In the Native State – Giles Cooper Award 1993: Arcadia – Critics' Circle Theatre Awards for Best New Play, Evening Standard Award for Best Play of the Year 1994: Arcadia – Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Play (UK) 1997: The Invention of Love
The Invention of Love
Evening Standard Award for Best Play (UK) 1998: Shakespeare in Love
Shakespeare in Love
Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay (US) 1999: Shakespeare in Love
Shakespeare in Love
Silver Bear
Silver Bear
for an outstanding single achievement (Berlin)[38] 2000: The Real Thing – Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival of a Play (US) 2000: The Real Thing – Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Revival of a Play (US) 2001: The Invention of Love
The Invention of Love
– New York Drama Critics Circle Award for Best Play (US) 2007: The Coast of Utopia Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Play (US) 2007: The Critics' Circle Award for Distinguished Service to the Arts (presented on 3 April 2008 at the National Theatre) (UK) 2008: The 2008 Dan David Prize for Creative Rendering of the Past in Theatre (Israeli) 2013: The PEN Pinter Prize for "determination to tell things as they are." (UK) 2013: Laurel Award for Screenwriting Achievement 2015: PEN/Allen Foundation Literary Service Award[39] 2017: America Award in Literature[40] 2017: David Cohen Prize[41]

Honours[edit]

Insignia of Knight Bachelor

1972: Elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature 1978: CBE 1997: Knight Bachelor 1999: Induction into American Theater Hall of Fame[42] 2000: Order of Merit 2000: Honorary Doctor of Letters, Yale University 2000: Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Cambridge 2002: President of The London Library 2009:[43] Honorary Patronage of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College, Dublin 2013: Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Oxford 2017: Honorary Fellow of the British Academy[21]

Published works[edit]

Novel

1966: Lord Malquist and Mr Moon

Theatre

1964: A Walk on the Water 1965: The Gamblers, based on the novel The Gambler by Dostoevsky 1966: Tango, adapted from Sławomir Mrożek's play and Nicholas Bethell translation, premiered at the Aldwych Theatre 1966: Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead 1968: Enter a Free Man. Developed from A Walk on the Water. First performed 28 March 1968. 1968: The Real Inspector Hound 1969: Albert's Bridge premiered at St. Mary's Hall in Edinburgh 1969: If You're Glad I'll Be Frank premiered at St. Mary's Hall in Edinburgh 1970: After Magritte frequently performed as a companion piece to The Real Inspector Hound 1971: Dogg's Our Pet premiered at the Almost Free Theatre 1972: Jumpers 1972: Artist Descending a Staircase[44] 1974: Travesties 1976: Dirty Linen and New-Found-Land first performed on 6 April 1976 1976: 15-Minute Hamlet 1977: Every Good Boy Deserves Favour was written at the request of André Previn. The play calls for a full orchestra 1978: Night and Day 1979: Dogg's Hamlet, Cahoot's Macbeth – two plays written to be performed together. 1979: Undiscovered Country – an adaptation of Das Weite Land by the Austrian playwright Arthur Schnitzler 1981: On the Razzle based on Einen Jux will er sich machen by Johann Nestroy 1982: The Real Thing 1982: The (15 Minute) Dogg's Troupe Hamlet, revision of 1979 play, Tom Stoppard's contribution to eight one-act plays by eight playwrights performed as Pieces of Eight 1983: English libretto for The Love for Three Oranges. Original opera by Sergei Prokofiev. 1984: Rough Crossing based on Play at the Castle by Ferenc Molnár 1986: Dalliance An adaptation of Arthur Schnitzler's Liebelei 1987: Largo Desolato, translation of a play by Václav Havel 1988: Hapgood 1993: Arcadia 1995: Indian Ink
Indian Ink
– based on Stoppard's radio play In The Native State 1997: The Invention of Love 1997: The Seagull
The Seagull
– translation of the play by Anton Chekhov 2002: The Coast of Utopia is a trilogy of plays: Voyage, Shipwreck, and Salvage 2004: Enrico IV
Enrico IV
(Henry IV) – translation of the Italian play by Luigi Pirandello[45] First presented at the Donmar Theatre, London, in April 2004 2006: Rock 'n' Roll – first public performance 3 June 2006 preview at the Royal Court Theatre. 2010: The Laws of War – contributor to a collaborative piece for one-night benefit performance in support of Human Rights Watch.[46] 2015: The Hard Problem

Original works for radio

1964: The Dissolution of Dominic Boot 1964: 'M' is for Moon Amongst Other Things 1966: If You're Glad I'll be Frank 1967: Albert's Bridge 1968: Where Are They Now?, written for schools radio 1972: Artist Descending a Staircase 1982: The Dog It Was That Died 1991: In the Native State, later expanded to become the stage play Indian Ink
Indian Ink
(1995) 2007: On Dover Beach[47] 2012: Albert's Bridge, Artist Descending a Staircase, The Dog It Was That Died, and In the Native State have been published by the British Library as Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
Radio Plays[48] 2013: Darkside, written for BBC
BBC
Radio 2[12]

Television plays

A Separate Peace transmitted August 1966[49] Teeth Another Moon Called Earth (containing some dialogue and situations later incorporated into Jumpers) Neutral Ground (a loose adaptation of Sophocles' Philoctetes) Professional Foul Squaring the Circle

Film and television adaptation of plays and books

1975: Three Men in a Boat adaptation of Jerome K. Jerome's novel for BBC
BBC
Television 1975: The Boundary co-authored by Clive Exton, for the BBC 1978: Despair - screenplay for the film directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder, starring Dirk Bogarde, based on the novel by Vladimir Nabokov 1985: Brazil co-authored with Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
and Charles McKeown, script nominated for an Academy Award 1987: Empire of the Sun first draft of the screenplay 1989: Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
final rewrite of Jeffrey Boam's rewrite of Menno Meyjes's screenplay 1990: The Russia House screenplay for the 1990 film of the John Le Carre Novel 1990: Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead – won the Golden Lion and which he also directed 1998: Shakespeare in Love
Shakespeare in Love
co-authored with Marc Norman; script won an Academy Award 1998: Poodle Springs teleplay adaptation of the novel by Robert B. Parker and Raymond Chandler 2001: Enigma film screenplay of the Robert Harris novel 2005: The Golden Compass a draft screenplay, not produced 2012: Parade's End, television screenplay for BBC/HBO of Ford Madox Ford's series of novels 2012: Anna Karenina, film screenplay of the Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
novel 2014: Tulip Fever, film screenplay of the Deborah Moggach
Deborah Moggach
novel

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Amy Reiter (13 November 2001). "Tom Stoppard". Salon. Retrieved 9 October 2008.  ^ "Stoppard play sweeps Tony awards". BBC
BBC
News. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 5 October 2008.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Stoppard, Tom" The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance. Edited by Dennis Kennedy. Oxford University Press Inc. ^ "The 100 most powerful people in British culture". The Daily Telegraph. 9 November 2016.  ^ a b c Moss, Stephen (22 June 2002). "And now, the real thing". 'The Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2010.  ^ Theresienstadt memorial archive ' Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
Discloses his Past ^ "And now the real thing" The Guardian, 22 June 2002. Retrieved 10 October 2010 ^ Bloom, p.13 ^ a b Tom Stoppard, Paul Delaney (1994). Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
in Conversation, p. 91, University of Michigan Press ^ a b c d e f g h i j BBC
BBC
John Tusa
John Tusa
Interview (Audio 43 mins). Transcript ^ a b c "You can't help being what you write". The Guardian, 6 September 2008 ^ a b "Tom Stoppard's Dark Side comes to BBC
BBC
Radio 2". Tuppence Magazine. Retrieved 28 April 2013.  ^ von Bariter, Milie. "L'acteur cérébral". Contrainte du moment. Outrapo. Retrieved 6 September 2008.  ^ "Empire: Features". Empire. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  ^ Rolling Stone magazine article. Retrieved 19 February 2010 ^ "Get me Tom Stoppard". The Guardian
The Guardian
30 November 1999. Retrieved 22 October 2010 ^ Tom Stoppard. "ONLINE ONLY: Speech at the Standpoint Launch". Standpoint. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2012.  ^ " Sir Tom Stoppard
Sir Tom Stoppard
wins annual Pen Pinter prize". BBC. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ artonezero. "Patrons and Presidents". londonlibrary.co.uk. Retrieved 28 February 2017.  ^ a b "Elections to the British Academy
British Academy
celebrate the diversity of UK research". 21 Jul 2017.  ^ Stade, George and Karen Karbiener (2009). Encyclopedia of British Writers, 1800 to the Present, Volume 2. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 467–69. ISBN 0816073856. Retrieved 9 October 2015.  ^ Kelly 2001, pp. 33–34. ^ a b Kelly 2001, pp. 242–243. ^ Griffiths, Charlotte (7 June 2014). "Tom and 'Goldilocks' tie knot – for real this time!". Daily Mail. Retrieved 8 June 2014.  ^ Theresienstadt memorial archive website Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
Discloses his Past ^ "Country house bargains". Country Life. 30 November 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2015.  ^ Kelly 2001, p. 151. ^ "Theater: Elitist, Moi?". Time. 25 October 2007.  ^ "Cenu Toma Stopparda získala Linhartová za knihu, která vznikala 40 let". Hospodářské noviny
Hospodářské noviny
(in Czech). 26 May 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2013.  ^ Against the Law: Jude joins Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
on street protest against brutal Belarus regime of 'Europe's last dictator'. Daily Mail. 29 March 2011 ^ Georg Szalai (18 March 2014). "Benedict Cumberbatch, Alfonso Cuaron, Maggie Smith Back U.K. Press Regulation". The Hollywood Reporter.  ^ "Inventory of Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
papers and location of bronze head". Research.hrc.utexas.edu:8080. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  ^ "image of Stoppard bust by sculptor Alan Thornhill". Alanthornhill.co.uk. Archived from the original on 29 June 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  ^ "HMI Archive". Henry-moore-fdn.co.uk. Archived from the original on 12 January 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  ^ "Tom Stoppard: An Inventory of His Papers at the Harry Ransom Center". norman.hrc.utexas.edu. Retrieved 29 February 2016.  ^ Prix Italia, Winners 1949 – 2010, RAI Archived 22 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Berlinale: 1999 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 4 February 2012.  ^ "2015 PEN Literary Gala & Free Expression Awards".  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.  ^ Alison Flood (8 November 2017). " Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
is 'bashful' winner of lifetime achievement award". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 November 2017.  ^ "On Stage: New class of theater hall of famers". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.  ^ L ^ "Artist Descending a Staircase". ArtScope.net. Retrieved 8 July 2009.  ^ Bassett, Kate (9 May 2004). "Madness – it's just another act". The Independent. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2008.  ^ "The Laws of War at The Royal Court Theatre". Royal Court Theatre. Retrieved 24 September 2011.  ^ "Alan Howard Reads". RadioListings.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
Radio Plays. ^ Hodgson 2001, p. 41.

Further reading[edit]

Bloom, Harold, ed. Tom Stoppard. Bloom's Major Dramatists series. New York: Chelsea House, 2003, ISBN 0791070328. Cahn, Victor L. Beyond Absurdity: The Plays of Tom Stoppard. Madison, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1979. Corballis, Richard. Stoppard. The Mystery and the Clockwork Oxford, New York, 1984. Delaney, Paul. Tom Stoppard: The Moral Vision of the Plays London, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990. Fleming, John. Stoppard's Theater: Finding Order Amid Chaos Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001. Hodgson, Terry (2001). The Plays of Tom Stoppard: For Stage, Radio, TV and Film. Duxford, England: Icon. ISBN 1-84046-241-8.  Hunter, Jim. About Stoppard: The Playwright and the Work. London: Faber and Faber, 2005. Kelly, Katherine E., ed. (2001). The Cambridge Companion to Tom Stoppard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-64592-1.  Londré, Felicia Hardison. Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
Modern Literature Series. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1981. Purse, Nigel. Tom Stoppard's Plays. Patterns of Plenitude and Parsimony. Leiden: Brill, 2016. Stoppard, Tom & Paul Delaney, ed. Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
in Conversation University of Michigan Press, 1994. Südkamp, Holger. Tom Stoppard's Biographical Drama. Trier: WVT, 2008.

External links[edit]

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Bibliography at Open Library Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
at the British Film Institute Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
Papers at the Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
on IMDb British Council Profile. Retrieved 2011-01-02 BBC
BBC
John Tusa
John Tusa
Interview (Audio 43 mins). With transcript. BBC
BBC
profile. Retrieved 2011-01-02 Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
on Charlie Rose Works by or about Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) Tom Stoppard, The Art of Theater No. 7, Paris Review Interview Appearances on C-SPAN Stoppard talking about his life on BBC
BBC
Radio 4's Front Row in April 2017

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Tom Stoppard

Stage plays

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead Enter a Free Man The Real Inspector Hound After Magritte Jumpers Travesties Dirty Linen and New-Found-Land Professional Foul Every Good Boy Deserves Favour Night and Day Dogg's Hamlet, Cahoot's Macbeth 15-Minute Hamlet Undiscovered Country On the Razzle The Real Thing Rough Crossing Dalliance Hapgood Arcadia Indian Ink The Invention of Love The Coast of Utopia Rock 'n' Roll The Hard Problem

Radio plays

Artist Descending a Staircase The Dog It Was That Died In the Native State Darkside

Screenplays

Three Men in a Boat The Boundary Despair Brazil Empire of the Sun Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead (also directed) The Russia House Billy Bathgate Poodle Springs Shakespeare in Love Enigma Anna Karenina Parade's End Tulip Fever

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Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay

1940–1960

Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
(1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1941) Michael Kanin
Michael Kanin
and Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960)

1961–1980

William Inge
William Inge
(1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1968) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward
David S. Ward
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980)

1981–2000

Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
and Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

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Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Screenplay

Screenplay (1995–1996, 2001–2008, retired)

Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2001) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2002) Jim Sheridan, Kirsten Sheridan, and Naomi Sheridan (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008)

Screenplay, Original (1997–2000, 2009–present)

Matt Damon
Matt Damon
and Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(1997) Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
and Marc Norman (1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
/ Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

Screenplay, Adapted (1997–2000, 2009–present)

Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Smith (1998) Frank Darabont
Frank Darabont
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Steven Zaillian, Aaron Sorkin, and Stan Chervin (2011) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Gillian Flynn
Gillian Flynn
(2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Eric Heisserer (2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

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Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay

Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) Stirling Silliphant (1968) Bridget Boland, John Hale and Richard Sokolove (1969) Erich Segal
Erich Segal
(1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) John Briley (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1985) Robert Bolt (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci, Mark Peploe and Enzon Ungari (1987) Naomi Foner (1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
and Ron Kovic
Ron Kovic
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) Peter Morgan (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Martin McDonagh
Martin McDonagh
(2017)

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John Whiting Award

1967–1969

Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
for Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead and Wole Soyinka for The Interpreters (shared) (1967) Peter Nichols for A Day in the Death of Joe Egg (1967) Peter Barnes for The Ruling Class and Edward Bond
Edward Bond
for Narrow Road to the Deep North (shared) (1968) Howard Brenton for Christie in Love (1969)

1970–1979

Freehold Company and Peter Hulton (joint) for Freehold on Antigone (1970) Mustapha Matura for As Time Goes By (1971) Heathcote Williams
Heathcote Williams
for AC/DC (1972) John Arden (1973) David Rudkin (1974) David Edgar for Destiny (1975) David Lan
David Lan
for The Winter Dancers (1976) David Halliwell and Snoo Wilson
Snoo Wilson
for The Glad Hand (shared) (1978) Stephen Bill (1979)

1980–1989

David Pownall for Beef (1981) Karim Alrawi
Karim Alrawi
for Migrations (1982) Peter Flannery for Our Friends in the North
Our Friends in the North
(1983) Ron Hutchinson for The Rat in the Skull (1984) Guy Hibbert for On the Edge and Heidi Thomas for Shamrocks & Crocodiles (shared) (1985) Nick Dear for The Art of Success (1986) Iain Heggie for American Bagpipes (1988) Billy Roche for A Handful of Stars (1989)

1990–1999

Lucy Gannon for Keeping Tom Nice (1990) Terry Johnson for Imagine Drowning (1991) Rod Wooden for Your Home in the West (1992) Martin Crimp
Martin Crimp
for The Treatment and Helen Edmundson for The Clearing (shared) (1993) Jonathan Harvey for Beautiful Thing (1994) Joe Penhall
Joe Penhall
for Some Voices (1995) Ayub Khan-Din for East is East (1996) Ann Coburn for Get Up and Tie Your Fingers (1997) Roy Williams for Starstruck (1998/9)

2000–2009

David Greig for The Cosmonaut's Last Message ... and Tanika Gupta for The Waiting Room (shared) (2000) Zinnie Harris for Further than the Furthest Thing (2001) Peter Rumney for Jumping on my Shadow (2002) Rona Munro for Iron (2003) Owen McCafferty for Scenes from the Big Picture (2004) Fin Kennedy for How to Disappear Completely and Never Be Found (2005) James Philips for The Rubenstein Kiss and Fraser Grace for Breakfast with Mugabe (shared) (2006) Dennis Kelly for Taking Care of Baby (2007) Bryony Lavery for Stockholm (2008) Alexi Kaye Campbell for The Pride (2009)

2010–9999

Tim Crouch
Tim Crouch
for The Author and Lucy Kirkwood for It Felt Empty When the Heart Went at First but It Is Alright Now (shared) (2010)

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Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay

Original Drama (1969–1983, retired)

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) Steve Shagan (1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Arthur Laurents
Arthur Laurents
(1977) Nancy Dowd, Robert C. Jones and Waldo Salt (1978) Mike Gray, T. S. Cook and James Bridges (1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
and Trevor Griffiths (1981) Melissa Mathison
Melissa Mathison
(1982) Horton Foote (1983)

Original Comedy (1969–1983, retired)

Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
and Larry Tucker (1969) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Peter Bogdanovich, Buck Henry, David Newman and Robert Benton (1972) Melvin Frank and Jack Rose (1973) Mel Brooks, Norman Steinberg, Andrew Bergman, Richard Pryor
Richard Pryor
and Alan Uger (1974) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Bill Lancaster
Bill Lancaster
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
and Sheldon Keller (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Nancy Meyers, Harvey Miller and Charles Shyer
Charles Shyer
(1980) Steve Gordon (1981) Don McGuire, Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
and Murray Schisgal (1982) Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
and Barbara Benedek (1983)

Original Screenplay (1984–present)

Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1984) William Kelley and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1989) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(1994) Randall Wallace (1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
and Mark Andrus (1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000) Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Michael Moore
Michael Moore
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
and Hugo Guinness (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

Fellows of the British Academy
British Academy
elected in 2017

Fellows

Franklin Allen John Armour Alison Bashford Dauvit Broun Michael Burton Mark Casson Sir Paul Collier Mary Daly Douglas Davies Paulo de Moraes Farias Gillian Douglas Christian Dustmann Jaś Elsner Gary Gerstle John Gowlett Emily Grundy Sara Hobolt Jennifer Hornsby Charles Hulme Peter Jackson Julian Johnson Paul Kerswill Melissa Leach Richard Ned Lebow Adam Ledgeway M. M. McCabe Angela McRobbie Charles Mitchell Tariq Modood Lynne Murray Francesca Orsini Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad Nicholas Roe Eugene Rogan Ulinka Rublack Barbara Sahakian Andreas Schönle Catriona Seth Sir Hew Strachan Anna Vignoles Teresa Webber Gregory Woolf

Corresponding

John Agnew Susanne Baer Eszter Bánffy Caroline Walker Bynum William Cronon Marie-Luce Demonet Georges Didi-Huberman Peter Hall Rebecca Henderson Nancy Kanwisher Mahmood Mamdani Jay McClelland Kenneth Pomeranz James M. Poterba Claudia Rapp Ineke Sluiter Barbara Stollberg-Rilinger Cass Sunstein Agnès van Zanten Manfred Woidich

Honorary

Dame Antonia Byatt Graça Machel George Soros Sir Tom Stoppard

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 101362857 LCCN: n79034816 ISNI: 0000 0001 0929 3653 GND: 118618695 SELIBR: 303514 SUDOC: 027149706 BNF: cb11925604h (data) NDL: 00457845 NKC: jk01121270 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV52313 BNE: XX875122 SN