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Tomás Mac Giolla ([ˈt̪ˠʊmˠaːsˠ mˠək ˈɡɪl̪ˠə]; born Thomas Gill; 25 January 1924 – 4 February 2010) was an Irish politician.[1] He was a Teachta Dála (TD) and a member of the Central Executive Committee of the Workers' Party of Ireland. Early life[edit] He was born Thomas Gill in Nenagh, County Tipperary. His uncle T. P. Gill was a Member of Parliament (MP) and member of the Irish Parliamentary Party of Charles Stewart Parnell. Tomás's father Robert Paul Gill, an engineer and architect,[2] also stood unsuccessfully for election on a number of occasions. His mother was Mary Hourigan. Mac Giolla was educated at the local national school in Nenagh before completing his secondary education at St. Flannan's College, Ennis, County Clare. It was while at St. Flannan's that he changed to using the Irish language version of his name. He won a scholarship to University College Dublin where he qualified with a Bachelor of Arts degree, followed by a degree in Commerce. A qualified accountant, Mac Giolla was employed by the Irish Electricity Supply Board from 1947 until he went into full-time politics in 1977. In his early life Mac Giolla was an active republican. He joined Sinn Féin and the Irish Republican Army (IRA) around 1950. He was interned by the Irish government during the 1956–62 IRA Border Campaign. He also served a number of prison sentences in Mountjoy Prison, Dublin. Political career[edit]

Seán Garland (right) with Tomás MacGiolla, May 2008

At the 1961 general election, Mac Giolla unsuccessfully contested the Tipperary North constituency for Sinn Féin. In 1962 he became president of Sinn Féin and was one of the people who moved the party to the left during the 1960s. In 1969 Sinn Féin split and Mac Giolla remained leader of Official Sinn Féin. It was also in 1962 that Tomás married May McLoughlin who was also an active member of Sinn Féin as well as Cumann na mBan, the women's section of the IRA. In 1977 the party changed its name to Sinn Féin the Workers Party and in 1982 it became simply the Workers' Party. Mac Giolla was elected to Dublin City Council representing the Ballyfermot local electoral area in 1979 and at every subsequent local election until he retired from the council in 1997. In the November 1982 general election Mac Giolla was elected to Dáil Éireann for his party.[3] In 1988 he retired as party leader and was succeeded by Proinsias De Rossa. He served as Lord Mayor of Dublin from 1993 to 1994 and remained a member of Dublin Corporation until 1998. While president he was regarded as a mediator between the Marxist-Leninist wing headed by Sean Garland and the social democratic wing of Prionsias De Rossa. At the 1992 special Ard Fheis he voted for the motion to abandon democratic centralism and to re-constitute the party much as the Italian Communist Party became the Democratic Party of the Left.[citation needed] However the motion failed to reach the required two-thirds majority and after the departure of six Workers' Party TDs led by De Rossa to form the new Democratic Left party in 1992, Mac Giolla was the sole member of the Workers' Party in the Dáil. He lost his Dáil seat at the general election later that year by a margin of just 59 votes to Liam Lawlor of Fianna Fáil.[3] In 1999 Mac Giolla wrote to the chairman of the Flood Tribunal calling for an investigation into revelations that former Dublin Assistant City and County Manager George Redmond had been the official supervisor at the election count in Dublin West and was a close associate of Liam Lawlor. In 2003 Redmond was convicted of corruption by a Dublin court but subsequently had his conviction quashed due to conflicting evidence. In his eighties Mac Giolla continued to be active and was a member of the group which campaigned to prevent the demolition of No. 16 Moore Street in Dublin city centre, where the surrender after the Easter Rising was completed. He also served on the Dublin '98 committee to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the 1798 Rebellion. He died in Beaumont Hospital in Dublin on 4 February 2010 after a long illness.[4][5] References[edit]

^ "Mr. Tomás Mac Giolla". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 4 February 2010.  ^ "Gill, Robert Paul". Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720–1940, Irish Architectural Archive. Retrieved 24 March 2013.  ^ a b "Tomás Mac Giolla". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 February 2010.  ^ "Tomás MacGiolla dies aged 86". RTÉ News. 4 February 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010.  ^ "Former WP leader Mac Giolla dies". The Irish Times. 4 February 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 

Oireachtas

Preceded by Brian Fleming (Fine Gael) Workers' Party Teachta Dála for Dublin West 1982–1992 Succeeded by Constituency redrawn

Party political offices

Preceded by Paddy McLogan Leader of Sinn Féin 1962–1970 Succeeded by Split in party Tomás Mac Giolla (Official) Ruairí Ó Brádaigh (Provisional)

Preceded by Split in party President of the (Official) Sinn Féin/Workers' Party of Ireland 1970–1988 Succeeded by Proinsias De Rossa

Civic offices

Preceded by Gay Mitchell Lord Mayor of Dublin 1993–1994 Succeeded by John Gormley

v t e

Official IRA and the Workers' Party

General

Anti-Treaty IRA Sinn Féin The Troubles (Timeline) Marxist-Leninism Popular front Two-stage theory Anti-sectarianism Officials-Provisionals split Free Derry United Irishman The Irish People Official IRA Belfast Brigade

Actions

1969 Northern Ireland riots Falls curfew Aldershot bombing

Personalities

Cathal Goulding Seán Garland Roy Johnston C. Desmond Greaves Joe McCann Ronnie Bunting Thomas 'Ta' Power Des O'Hagan Malachy McGurran Billy McMillen Jim Sullivan Kenneth Littlejohn Seamus Costello Eoin Ó Murchú Tomás Mac Giolla Francis Hughes Paddy O'Callaghan Mickey Devine Michael Gaughan Henry McDonald Johnnie White Seán Ó Cionnaith Mairín De Burca Hugh Torney Dominic Behan Martin O'Hagan Eoghan Harris Eamonn Melaugh Proinsias De Rossa Eric Byrne Pat McCartan Joe Sherlock Liz McManus Pat Rabbitte Seamus Lynch Michael Enright Eamon Gilmore Catherine Murphy Marian Donnelly Francie Donnelly Tom French Patrick Gallagher John Halligan Linda Kavanagh Kathleen Lynch Des Geraghty Mick Finnegan Ted Tynan Michael Donnelly John Lowry Gerry Grainger

Associates

Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association Connolly Association (Communist Party of Great Britain) Peace Train Organisation IMCWP INITIATIVE Clann na hÉireann

Derivatives

Irish National Liberation Army Irish Republican Socialist Party Democratic Left Irish Socialist Network Official Republican Movement

Prominent killings

Seamus Costello John Barnhill Gerard Weston

v t e

Sinn Féin

History

History of Sinn Féin

Abstentionism

Armalite and ballot box strategy Clann na hÉireann Cumann na nGaedheal (1900) Comhairle na dTeachtaí Éire Nua Election results Fianna Fáil Fine Gael Gaelic American German Plot Provisional IRA Sinn Féin Manifesto 1918 Sinn Féin MPs Sinn Féin (newspaper) Sinn Féin Printing & Publishing Company Republican News Republican Sinn Féin United Irishman Willie O'Dea affidavit incident Workers' Party of Ireland 32 County Sovereignty Movement

Leadership

Presidents

Edward Martyn (1905–08) John Sweetman (1908–11) Arthur Griffith (1911–17) Éamon de Valera (1917–26) John J. O'Kelly (Sceilg) (1926–31) Brian O'Higgins (1931–33) Michael O'Flanagan (1933–35) Cathal Ó Murchadha (1935–37) Margaret Buckley (1937–50) Paddy McLogan (1950–52) Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1952–54) Paddy McLogan (1954–62) Tomás Mac Giolla (1962–70) Ruairí Ó Brádaigh (1970–83) Gerry Adams (1983–2018) Mary Lou McDonald (2018–present)

Vice presidents

John Sweetman (1905–07) Arthur Griffith (1905–08; 1917–22) Bulmer Hobson (1907–10) Jennie Wyse Power (1911–) Thomas Kelly (1911–) Fr. Michael O'Flanagan (1917–23) P. J. Ruttledge (1923–26) Mary MacSwiney John Madden John J. O'Kelly (1931-33) Margaret Buckley (1933–35; 1952–60) Liam Raul (1933-37) Tom Maguire (1935-37) Seamus Mitchell Padraig de Paor Criostóir O'Neill Michael Traynor (1950–54; 1962) Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1950–52; 1954–62) Tony Magan (1960–62) Rory O'Driscoll (1962–63) Larry Grogan (1962–69; 1970–71) Seán Caughey (1963–65) Joe Clarke (1966–72) Cathal Goulding (1969–70) Dáithí Ó Conaill (1971–78; 1978–83) Máire Drumm (1972–76) Joe Cahill (1976–78) Gerry Adams (1978–83) Phil Flynn (1983–85) John Joe McGirl (1985–88) Pat Doherty (1988–2009) Mary Lou McDonald (2009–2018) Michelle O'Neill (2018–present)

Seanad leaders

Pearse Doherty (2007–10) David Cullinane (2011–16) Rose Conway-Walsh (2016–)

Northern Ireland leaders

Gerry Adams (1998–2007) Martin McGuinness (2007–17) Michelle O'Neill (2017–)

Chairpersons

Seán MacManus (1984–90) Tom Hartley (1990–96) Mitchel McLaughlin (1996–2005) Mary Lou McDonald (2005–09) Declan Kearney (2009–)

General secretaries

Joe Cahill Cathleen Knowles Tom Hartley (1984–86) Joe Reilly (1986–88) Lucilita Bhreatnach (1988–2003) Mitchel McLaughlin (2003–07) Rita O'Hare (2007–09) Dawn Doyle (2009–)

Directors of publicity

Seán Ó Brádaigh (1960–79) Danny Morrison (1979–90) Rita O'Hare (1990–98) Dawn Doyle (1998–2008) Rosaleen Doherty (2008–)

Party structures

Leader of Sinn Féin Ardfheis Sinn Féin Front Bench Sinn Féin Republican Youth An Phoblacht Friends of Sinn Féin

Presidential candidates

Martin McGuinness (2011)

Elected representatives

Dáil Éireann

Gerry Adams John Brady Pat Buckley Seán Crowe David Cullinane Pearse Doherty Dessie Ellis Martin Ferris Kathleen Funchion Martin Kenny Mary Lou McDonald Denise Mitchell Imelda Munster Carol Nolan Jonathan O'Brien Eoin Ó Broin Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire Louise O'Reilly Aengus Ó Snodaigh Maurice Quinlivan Brian Stanley Peadar Tóibín

Seanad Éireann

Rose Conway-Walsh Máire Devine Paul Gavan Pádraig Mac Lochlainn Niall Ó Donnghaile Fintan Warfield

European Parliament

Martina Anderson Lynn Boylan Matt Carthy Liadh Ní Riada

Northern Ireland Assembly

Caoimhe Archibald Cathal Boylan Michaela Boyle Linda Dillon Jemma Dolan Sinéad Ennis Megan Fearon Órlaithí Flynn Colm Gildernew Declan Kearney Catherine Kelly Gerry Kelly Seán Lynch Alex Maskey Declan McAleer Raymond McCartney Fra McCann Philip McGuigan Ian Milne Karen Mullan Conor Murphy Carál Ní Chuilín John O'Dowd Máirtín Ó Muilleoir Michelle O'Neill Emma Rogan Pat Sheehan

House of Commons (Abstentionist)

Mickey Brady Michelle Gildernew Chris Hazzard Paul Maskey Elisha McCallion Barry McElduff Francie Molloy

Lists

List of current Sinn Féin elected representatives

Alliances

European United Left–Nordi

.