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Tollan, Tolan, or Tolán is a name used for the capital cities of two empires of Pre-Columbian
Pre-Columbian
Mesoamerica; first for Teotihuacan, and later for the Toltec
Toltec
capital, Tula, both in Mexico. The name has also been applied to the Postclassic Mexican settlement Cholula. The name Tōllān means "Among the reeds" in the Nahuatl
Nahuatl
language, with the figurative sense of a densely populated "place where people are thick as reeds". Names with the same meaning were used in Maya and other native Mexican languages. Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan
seems to have been the first city known by this name. After the collapse of the Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan
empire, central Mexico
Mexico
broke into various petty states. The Toltec
Toltec
created the first sizable Mexican empire after the fall of Teotihuacan, and their capital was referred to by the same name as a reference to the earlier greatness of Teotihuacan. In Aztec
Aztec
accounts at the time of the arrival of the Conquistadores, Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan
and the Toltec
Toltec
capital sometimes seem to be confused and conflated. The epithet "Tollan" was also sometimes applied to any great metropolis or capital. Cholula, for example, was sometimes called " Tollan Cholula", and the Aztec
Aztec
capital of Tenochtitlán
Tenochtitlán
was likewise given the title "Tollan". The Mixtec
Mixtec
translation of this, Ñuu Co'yo is still the Mixtec
Mixtec
name for Mexico
Mexico
City to this day.

Contents

1 Tollan in Mesoamerican mythology 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References

Tollan in Mesoamerican mythology[edit] Tollan is the name given to the mythical place of origin in many Mesoamerican traditions, including those of the Aztecs
Aztecs
and the K'iche' Maya.[1] In the K'iche' epic Popul Vuh, the first people created are gathered at Tollan, the place of seven caves, where they receive their languages and their gods.[2] See also[edit]

Chalchiuhtlatonac (Tollan)

Notes[edit]

^ Read & González 2000, pp.90, 123.n10. ^ Read & González 2000, p.90.

References[edit]

López Austin, Alfredo; López Lujan, Leonardo (1999). Mito y realidad de Zuyuá: Serpiente emplumada y las transformaciones mesoamericanas del clásico al posclásico. Mexico
Mexico
City: COLMEX & FCE. ISBN 968-16-5889-2.  Read, Kay Almere; Jason González (2000). Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology. Oxford: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-85109-340-0. OCLC 438

.