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Tokugawa Iemitsu
Tokugawa Iemitsu
(徳川 家光 August 12, 1604 – June 8, 1651) was the third shōgun of the Tokugawa dynasty. He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Hidetada, and the grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Iemitsu ruled from 1623 to 1651, and during this period he crucified Christians, expelled all Europeans from Japan
Japan
and closed the borders of the country, a foreign politics policy that continued for over 200 years after its institution. It is debatable whether Iemitsu can be considered a kinslayer for making his younger brother Tadanaga commit suicide by seppuku. Iemitsu also had well-known homosexual preferences, and it is speculated he was the last direct male descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu, thereby ending the patrilineality of the shogunate by the third generation.

Contents

1 Early life (1604–1617) 2 Family 3 Tokugawa heir (1617–1623) 4 Shogunal regency (1623–1632) 5 Shōgun
Shōgun
(1632–1651) 6 Anti-Europeanization of Japan
Japan
and the "Maritime Restrictions Edict of 1639" 7 Notable descendants 8 Honours 9 Eras of Iemitsu's bakufu 10 In popular culture 11 Notes 12 References

Early life (1604–1617)[edit] Tokugawa Iemitsu
Tokugawa Iemitsu
was born on 12 August 1604. He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Hidetada
Tokugawa Hidetada
and grandson of the last great unifier of Japan, the first Tokugawa shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu.[1] He was the first member of the Tokugawa family born after Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
became shōgun. (There was some rumour said that he was not Hidetada's son but Ieyasu's son with Kasuga no Tsubone). Not much is known of Iemitsu's early life; his childhood name was Takechiyo (竹千代). He had two sisters, Senhime
Senhime
and Masako, and a brother, who would become a rival, Tadanaga. Tadanaga was his parents' favorite. However, Ieyasu made it clear that Iemitsu would be next in line as shōgun after Hidetada. An obsolete spelling of his given name is Iyemitsu. Family[edit]

Father: Tokugawa Hidetada Mother: Oeyo Sibling from Mother: Toyotomi Sadako (1592–1658), adopted by Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
and Yodo-dono
Yodo-dono
later married Kujō Yukiie, daughter of Toyotomi Hidekatsu Wife: Takatsukasa Takako (1622–1683) later Honriin Concubines:

Okoto no Kata (1614-1691) later Hoshin'in Ofuri no Kata (d. 1640) later Jishōin Oraku no Kata (1621–1653) later Hōjuin Onatsu no Kata (1622-1683) later Junshōin Oman no Kata (1624–1711) later Eikoin Otama no Kata (1627–1705) later Keishoin Orisa no Kata (d. 1674) later Jokoin Ohara no Kata Osuzu no Kata Omasa no Kata

Children:

Chiyohime, by Ofuri Tokugawa Ietsuna
Tokugawa Ietsuna
by Oraku Tokugawa Kamematsu (1643–1647) by Omasa Tokugawa Tsunashige by Onatsu Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
by Otama Tokugawa Tsurumatsu (1647–1648) by Orisa

Adopted Daughters:

Kametsuruhime (1613–1630), daughter of Tamahime with Maeda Toshitsune and married Mōri Tadahiro, son of Mōri Tadamasa of Tsuyama Domain Tsuruhime (1618–1671), daughter of Matsudaira Tadanao
Matsudaira Tadanao
and married Kujō Michifusa had 3 daughters: the first married Kujō Kaneharu the second and the third married Asano Tsunaakira Manhime (1620–1700), daughter of Tamahime with Maeda Toshitsune
Maeda Toshitsune
and married Asano Mitsuakira had 3 sons: Asano Tsunaakira, Asano Naganao, Asano Nagateru Oohime, daughter of Tokugawa Yorifusa
Tokugawa Yorifusa
And married Maeda Mitsutaka had 1 son: Maeda Tsunanori Tsuhime (1636–1717) daughter of Ikeda Mitsumasa
Ikeda Mitsumasa
and married Ichijō Norisuke had 1 son: Ichijō Kaneteru

Tokugawa heir (1617–1623)[edit] Iemitsu came of age in 1617 and dropped his childhood name in favor of Tokugawa Iemitsu. He also was installed officially as the heir to the Tokugawa shogunate. The only person to contest this position was his younger brother Tokugawa Tadanaga. A fierce rivalry began to develop between the brothers. From an early age Iemitsu practiced the shūdō tradition. However, in 1620, he had a falling out with his homosexual lover, Sakabe Gozaemon, a childhood friend and retainer, aged twenty-one, and murdered him as they shared a bathtub.[2] He married Takatsukasa Takako, daughter of Takatsukasa Nobufusa at 12th December 1623. His relationship with Takako was good but Takako had three miscarriages. Shogunal regency (1623–1632)[edit] In 1623, when Iemitsu was nineteen, Hidetada
Hidetada
abdicated the post of shōgun in his favor. Hidetada
Hidetada
continued to rule as Ōgosho (retired shōgun), but Iemitsu nevertheless assumed a role as formal head of the bakufu bureaucracy.[3] In 1626, shōgun Iemitsu and retired shōgun Hidetada
Hidetada
visited Emperor Go-Mizunoo, Empress
Empress
Masako (Hidetada's daughter and Iemitsu's sister), and Imperial Princess Meishō in Kyoto. Shōgun
Shōgun
Iemitsu made lavish grants of gold and money to the court nobles and the court itself. Yet relations with Go-Mizunoo deteriorated after the Purple Robe Incident (紫衣事件, shi-e jiken), during which the Emperor was accused of having bestowed honorific purple garments to more than ten priests despite an edict which banned them for two years (probably in order to break the bond between the Emperor and religious circles). The shogunate intervened, making the bestowing of the garments invalid. When the wet nurse of Iemitsu and Masako broke a taboo by visiting the imperial court as a commoner, Go-Mizunoo abdicated, embarrassed, and Meisho became empress. The shōgun was now the uncle of the sitting monarch. In Kan'ei
Kan'ei
9, on the 24th day of the 2nd month (1632), Ōgosho Hidetada died,[4] and Iemitsu could assume real power. Worried that his brother Tokugawa Tadanaga
Tokugawa Tadanaga
might assassinate him, however, he ruled carefully until that brother's death by seppuku in 1633. Shōgun
Shōgun
(1632–1651)[edit] Hidetada
Hidetada
left his advisors, all veteran daimyōs, to act as regents for Iemitsu. In 1633, after his brother's death, Iemitsu dismissed these men. In place of his father's advisors, Iemitsu appointed his childhood friends. With their help Iemitsu created a strong, centralized administration. This made him unpopular with many daimyōs, but Iemitsu simply removed his opponents. His sankin-kōtai system forced daimyōs to reside in Edo in alternating sequence, spending a certain amount of time in Edo, and a certain amount of time in their home provinces. It is often said that one of the key goals of this policy was to prevent the daimyōs from amassing too much wealth or power by separating them from their home provinces, and by forcing them to regularly devote a sizable sum to funding the immense travel expenses associated with the journey (along with a large entourage) to and from Edo. The system also involved the daimyōs' wives and heirs remaining in Edo, disconnected from their lord and from their home province, serving essentially as hostages who might be harmed or killed if the daimyōs were to plot rebellion against the shogunate.[5] In 1637, an armed revolt arose against Iemitsu's anti-Christian policies in Shimabara, but there were other reasons involved, such as overly-high taxation and cruel treatment of peasants by the local lord. The period domestic unrest is known as the Shimabara Rebellion.[1] Thousands were killed in the shogunate's suppression of the revolt and countless more were executed afterwards.[6] The fact that many of the rebels were Christians was used by the Bakufu
Bakufu
as a convenient pretext for expelling the Portuguese and restricting the Dutch East India Company
Dutch East India Company
to Dejima
Dejima
in Nagasaki. Over the course of the 1630s, Iemitsu issued a series of edicts restricting Japan's dealings with the outside world. Japanese, who had since the 1590s traveled extensively in East and Southeast Asia
Asia
(and, in rare instances, much farther afield), were now forbidden from leaving the country or returning, under pain of death. Europeans were expelled from the country, with the exception of those associated with the Dutch East India Company, who were restricted to the manmade island of Dejima, in Nagasaki
Nagasaki
harbor. Japan
Japan
remained very much connected to international commerce, information, and cultural exchange, though only through four avenues. Nagasaki
Nagasaki
was the center of trade and other dealings with the Dutch East India Company, and with independent Chinese merchants. Satsuma Domain
Satsuma Domain
controlled relations with the Ryūkyū Kingdom
Ryūkyū Kingdom
(and through Ryūkyū, had access to Chinese goods and information, as well as products from further afield through alternative trade routes that passed through Ryūkyū), while Tsushima Domain handled diplomatic and trade relations with Joseon-dynasty Korea, and Matsumae Domain managed communications with the Ainu, the indigenous people of Hokkaido, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, as well as limited communication with related peoples on the mainland close to Sakhalin. Japan
Japan
in this period has often been described as "closed", or under sakoku (鎖国, "chained country"), but since the 1980s, if not earlier, scholars have argued for the use of terms such as "maritime restrictions" or kaikin (海禁, "maritime restrictions"), emphasizing the fact that Japan
Japan
was not "closed" to the outside world, but was in fact very actively engaged with the outside world, albeit through a limited set of avenues.[7] In 1643 Empress
Empress
Meisho abdicated the throne. She was succeeded by her younger half-brother (Go-Mizunoo's son by a consort) Emperor Go-Kōmyō, who disliked the shogunate for its violent and barbaric ways. He repeatedly made insulting comments about Iemitsu and his eldest son and heir, Tokugawa Ietsuna. In 1651 shōgun Iemitsu died at the age of 47, being the first Tokugawa shōgun whose reign ended with death and not abdication. He was accorded a posthumous name of Taiyūin,[1] also known as Daiyūin (大猷院) and buried in Taiyu-in Temple, Nikko. [8] He was succeeded by his eldest son and heir, Tokugawa Ietsuna. Anti-Europeanization of Japan
Japan
and the "Maritime Restrictions Edict of 1639"[edit] Main article: Sakoku
Sakoku
Edict of 1635 During the 16th century, Japan
Japan
was among the countries in Asia
Asia
that appealed most to European traders and missionaries. A group of Portuguese arrived on the island of Tanegashima, becoming the first Europeans to enter Japan. This began the so-called Nanban trade (南蛮貿易 Nanban bōeki) period. From 1545 onwards, Japan
Japan
saw the arrival of numerous European ships, first from Portugal, and later from Spain, the Netherlands
Netherlands
and England. Starting in 1549, with the arrival of Francis Xavier
Francis Xavier
at Kagoshima, a large missionary campaign, led by the Society of Jesus, began to shake Japan's social structures. Furthermore, on the island of Kyūshū, in order to preserve the European trade in their lands, some daimyōs agreed to be converted to Christianity. By the beginning of the 17th century a half million Japanese people had converted to Christianity. However, during this period of Europeanization, adverse feelings towards the foreigners started spreading across Japan. Following Spain's conquest of the Philippines, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the supreme military/political authority in Japan
Japan
at the time, began to more strongly doubt the Europeans' good intentions, and questioned the loyalty of the Christian daimyōs. Seeing the threat that Christianity potentially posed to political stability, and to the daimyōs' loyalty to him over the Church, he issued Anti-Christian Edicts, expelling foreign missionaries, and ordering the crucifixion of a number of prominent Catholic proselytizers and converts. However, it was not until the reign of Tokugawa Iemitsu
Tokugawa Iemitsu
that anti-Christian policies were more fully expanded and more permanently put into effect. The century-long presence of Catholic traders and missionaries in Japan
Japan
ended in the 1630s when Iemitsu ordered the expulsion of nearly every European from the country. European access to trade relations with Japan
Japan
was restricted to one Dutch ship each year. Iemitsu's policies on this matter were reinforced after the execution of two Portuguese men who came to plead for the re-establishment of Japan's earlier foreign trade policy. By the end of the 1630s, Iemitsu had issued a series of edicts more extensively detailing a system of restrictions on the flow of people, goods, and information in and out of the country. The most famous of those edicts was the so-called Sakoku
Sakoku
Edict of 1635. It contained the main restrictions introduced by Iemitsu. With it, he forbade every Japanese ship and person to travel to another country, or to return to Japanese shores. The punishment for violation was death. The edict offered lavish gifts and awards for anyone who could provide information about priests and their followers who secretly practiced and spread their religion across the country. Furthermore, every newly arrived ship was required to be thoroughly examined for Catholic priests and followers. The document pays extremely close attention to every detail regarding incoming foreign ships. For example, merchants coming from abroad had to submit a list of the goods they were bringing with them before being granted permission to trade. Additional provisions specified details of the timing and logistics of trade. For example, one clause declares that the "date of departure homeward for foreign ships shall not be later than the twentieth day of the ninth month". In addition to this, Iemitsu forbade alterations of the set price for raw silk and thus made sure that competition between trading cities was brought to a minimum. The measures Iemitsu enacted were so powerful that it was not until the 1850s that Japanese ports opened to a wider range of trading partners, Westerners were free to settle and travel within Japan, and Japanese were once more free to travel overseas. This period of "maritime restrictions", from the 1630s until the 1850s, is, as described above, very commonly referred to as sakoku, or as "the Closed Country", but many scholars[who?] today argue against the notion that Japan
Japan
was "closed". They argue that Japan's international relations policies during this period should be understood, rather, as simply being aimed at keeping international interactions under tight control; furthermore, they emphasize that Japan
Japan
was not alone in seeking to control, and limit, international interactions, and that in fact nearly every major power at the time had policies in place dictating who could trade, at which ports, at which times, and in what manner.[7] Notable descendants[edit] Chiyohime – daughter married Tokugawa Mitsutomo

Tokugawa Tsunanari

Tokugawa Muneharu Matsudaira Yoshitaka Tokugawa Tsugutomo Matsuhime, married Maeda Yoshinori Tokugawa Muneharu Tokugawa Yoshimichi

Tokugawa Gorōta Shinjuin (1706–1757) married Kujō Yukinori

Kujō Tanemoto Nijō Munemoto

Nijō Shigeyoshi (1751–1768) Nijō Harutaka

Nijō Suiko married Nabeshima Naotomo

Nabeshima Naotada

Nijō Narimichi Saionji Kujō Suketsugu Nijō Narinobu

Nijō Nariyuki Nijō Masamaro

Nijō Tamemoto (1911–1985) Nijō Toyomoto (1909–1944)

Kujō Hisatada

Empress
Empress
Eishō

Imperial Princess Junko Naishinno Imperial Princess Fuko

Kujō Michitaka Takatsukasa Hiromichi

Nobusuke Takatsukasa

Toshimichi Takatsukasa

Takatsukasa Nobuhiro (1892–1981)

Nijō Motohiro

Nijō Atsumoto

Tsurudono Tadayoshi Matsuzono Hisayoshi

Tokugawa Tsunayoshi

Tokugawa Tokumatsu (1679–1683) Tokugawa Chomatsu (1683–1686) Tsuruhime (1677–1704)

Tokugawa Tsunashige

Matsudaira Kiyotake (1663–1724)

Matsudaira Kiyokata (1697-1724)

Tokugawa Ienobu

Tokugawa Ietsugu Tokugawa Daigoro (1709–1710) Tokugawa Iechiyo (1707–1707) Tokugawa Torakichi (1711–1712) Toyo-hime (1681–1681) Tokugawa Mugetsuin (1699–1699)

Honours[edit]

Senior First Rank (July 4, 1651; posthumous)

Eras of Iemitsu's bakufu[edit] The years in which Iemitsu was shōgun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[9]

Genna
Genna
(1615–1624) Kan'ei
Kan'ei
(1624–1644) Shōhō
Shōhō
(1644–1648) Keian (1648–1652)

In popular culture[edit]

Iemitsu's rivalry with his brother Tokugawa Tadanaga
Tokugawa Tadanaga
over the Shogunate forms a part of the television series The Yagyu Conspiracy and is the basis for the film Shogun's Samurai
Shogun's Samurai
(at the end of the film, shōgun Iemitsu is killed and decapitated by Yagyū Jūbei in an act of revenge for his father Yagyū Munenori's betrayal). Tokugawa Iemitsu
Tokugawa Iemitsu
appears as the ruling shōgun in the Legends of Tomorrow episode "Shogun", portrayed by Stephen Oyoung. He is to be married to Masako Yamashiro and takes the Atom's (Brandon Routh) exosuit. Before the marriage can take place, the Legends take on him and his samurai, with Steel (Nick Zano) dealing the final blow, destroying the Atom suit and thus, stopping Iemitsu.

Notes[edit]

^ a b c Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tokugawa, Iemitsu" in Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia, pp. 976-977, p. 976, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File
File
Archived 2012-05-24 at Archive.is. ^ Louis Crompton, Homosexuality p. 439 ^ Titsingh, J. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, p. 410. ^ Titsingh, p. 411. ^ Vaporis, Constantine. Tour of Duty. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2008. ^ Screech, T. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779–1822. p. 85. ^ a b Arano, Yasunori. "The Entrenchment of the Concept of 'National Seclusion'". Acta Asiatica 67 (1994). pp. 83–103. Arano, Yasunori. Sakoku
Sakoku
wo minaosu 「鎖国」を見直す. Kawasaki: Kawasaki Shimin Academy, 2003. Kato, Eiichi. "Research Trends in the Study of the History of Japanese Foreign Relations at the Start of the Early Modern Period: On the Reexamination of 'National Seclusion' – From the 1970's to 1990's." Acta Asiatica 67 (1994). pp. 1–29. Tashiro, Kazui and Susan D. Videen. "Foreign Relations during the Edo Period: Sakoku
Sakoku
Reexamined". Journal of Japanese Studies 8:2 (1982). pp. 283–306. Toby, Ronald. "Reopening the Question of Sakoku: Diplomacy in the Legitimation of the Tokugawa Bakufu", Journal of Japanese Studies 3:2 (1977). pp. 323–363. ^ Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (1999). Kaempfer's Japan: Tokugawa Culture Observed, p. 440. ^ Titsingh, pp. 410–412.

References[edit]

Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (1999). Kaempfer's Japan: Tokugawa Culture Observed. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824819644; ISBN 9780824820664; OCLC 246417677 Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 48943301 Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779–1822. London: RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 978-0-203-09985-8; OCLC 65177072 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691. Totman, Conrad. (1967). Politics in the Tokugawa Bakufu, 1600–1843. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. OCLC 279623

Military offices

Preceded by Tokugawa Hidetada Shōgun: Tokugawa Iemitsu 1623–1651 Succeeded by Tokugawa Ietsuna

v t e

Tokugawa Shogunate family tree

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Ieyasu(1)

Hidetada(2)

Yorinobu

Iemitsu(3)

Mitsusada

Ietsuna(4)

Tsunayoshi(5)

Tsunashige

Yoshimune(8)

Ienobu(6)

Ieshige(9)

Ietsugu(7)

Ieharu(10)

Ienari(11)

Ieyoshi(12)

Iesada(13)

Iemochi(14)

Yoshinobu(15)

Notes

All Tokugawa shōguns claim descent from Ieyasu, who is recognized as the dynasty's founder. The broken lines indicate adoptions within the shogunal clan.

v t e

Timeline and paternities of the Tokugawa Shogunate

  Lifespan   Reign

v t e

Officials of the Tokugawa shogunate

Shōgun

Ieyasu (1603–1605) Hidetada
Hidetada
(1605–1623) Iemitsu (1623–1651) Ietsuna (1651–1680) Tsunayoshi (1680–1709) Ienobu (1709–1712) Ietsugu (1713–1716) Yoshimune (1716–1745) Ieshige (1745–1760) Ieharu (1760–1786) Ienari (1787–1837) Ieyoshi (1837–1853) Iesada (1853–1858) Iemochi (1858–1866) Yoshinobu (1867–1868)

Tairō

Sakai Tadayo
Sakai Tadayo
(1636) Doi Toshikatsu
Doi Toshikatsu
(1638–1644) Sakai Tadakatsu
Sakai Tadakatsu
(1638–1656) Sakai Tadakiyo
Sakai Tadakiyo
(1666–1680) Ii Naozumi (1668–1676) Hotta Masatoshi (1681–1684) Ii Naooki (1696–1700, 1711–1714) Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu
Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu
(1706–1709) Ii Naoyuki (1784–1787) Ii Naoaki (1835–1841) Ii Naosuke
Ii Naosuke
(1858–1860) Sakai Tadashige (1865)

Rōjū

Ōkubo Tadachika (1593–1614) Ōkubo Nagayasu (1600–1613) Honda Masanobu
Honda Masanobu
(1600–1615) Naruse Masanari (1600–1616) Andō Naotsugu (1600–1616) Honda Masazumi (1600–1622) Naitō Kiyonari (1601–1606) Aoyama Tadanari (1601–1606) Aoyama Narishige (1608–1613) Sakai Tadatoshi
Sakai Tadatoshi
(1609–1627) Sakai Tadayo
Sakai Tadayo
(1610–1634) Doi Toshikatsu
Doi Toshikatsu
(1610–1638) Andō Shigenobu (1611–1621) Naitō Kiyotsugu (1616–1617) Aoyama Tadatoshi (1616–1623) Inoue Masanari (1617–1628) Nagai Naomasa (1622–1633) Abe Masatsugu (1623–1626) Inaba Masakatsu (1623–1634) Naitō Tadashige (1623–1633) Sakai Tadakatsu
Sakai Tadakatsu
(1624–1638) Morikawa Shigetoshi (1628–1632) Aoyama Yukinari (1628–1633) Matsudaira Nobutsuna (1632–1662) Abe Tadaaki (1633–1666) Hotta Masamori (1635–1651) Abe Shigetsugu (1638–1651) Matsudaira Norinaga (1642–1654) Sakai Tadakiyo
Sakai Tadakiyo
(1653–1666) Inaba Masanori
Inaba Masanori
(1657–1681) Kuze Hiroyuki (1663–1679) Itakura Shigenori
Itakura Shigenori
(1665–1668, 1670–1673) Tsuchiya Kazunao (1665–1679) Abe Masayoshi (1673–1676) Ōkubo Tadatomo (1677–1698) Hotta Masatoshi (1679–1681) Doi Toshifusa (1679–1681) Itakura Shigetane (1680–1681) Toda Tadamasa (1681–1699) Abe Masatake (1681–1704) Matsudaira Nobuyuki (1685–1686) Tsuchiya Masanao (1687–1718) Ogasawara Nagashige
Ogasawara Nagashige
(1697–1705, 1709–1710) Akimoto Takatomo (1699–1707) Inaba Masamichi (1701–1707) Honda Masanaga (1704–1711) Ōkubo Tadamasu (1705–1713) Inoue Masamine (1705–1722) Abe Masataka (1711–1717) Kuze Shigeyuki (1713–1720) Matsudaira Nobutsune (1714–1716) Toda Tadazane (1714–1729) Mizuno Tadayuki (1717–1730) Andō Nobutomo (1722–1732) Matsudaira Norisato (1723–1745) Matsudaira Tadachika (1724–1728) Ōkubo Tsuneharu (1728) Sakai Tadaoto (1728–1735) Matsudaira Nobutoki (1730–1744) Matsudaira Terusada (1730–1745) Kuroda Naokuni (1732–1735) Honda Tadanaga (1734–1746) Toki Yoritoshi
Toki Yoritoshi
(1742–1744) Sakai Tadazumi (1744–1749) Matsudaira Norikata
Matsudaira Norikata
(1745–1746) Hotta Masasuke (1745–1761) Nishio Tadanao (1746–1760) Honda Masayoshi (1746–1758) Matsudaira Takechika (1746–1779) Sakai Tadayori (1749–1764) Matsudaira Terutaka (1758–1781) Inoue Masatsune (1760–1763) Akimoto Sumitomo (1747–1764, 1765–1767) Abe Masahiro
Abe Masahiro
(1837-1857) Doi Toshitsura
Doi Toshitsura
(1838–1844) Inoue Masaharu (1840–1843) Andō Nobumasa
Andō Nobumasa
(1860–1862) Itakura Katsukiyo
Itakura Katsukiyo
(1862–1864, 1865–1868) Inoue Masanao
Inoue Masanao
(1862–1864) Mizuno Tadakiyo
Mizuno Tadakiyo
(1862–1866) Sakai Tadashige (1863–1864) Arima Michizumi (1863–1864) Makino Tadayuki
Makino Tadayuki
(1863–1865) Matsumae Takahiro
Matsumae Takahiro
(1864–1865) Abe Masato (1864–1865) Suwa Tadamasa (1864–1865) Inaba Masakuni
Inaba Masakuni
(1864–1865, 1866–1868) Matsudaira Munehide
Matsudaira Munehide
(1864–1866) Inoue Masanao
Inoue Masanao
(1865–1867) Matsudaira Yasuhide (1865–1868) Mizuno Tadanobu (1866) Matsudaira Norikata
Matsudaira Norikata
(1866–1868) Inaba Masami (1866–1868) Matsudaira Sadaaki
Matsudaira Sadaaki
(1867) Ōkōchi Masatada (1867–1868) Sakai Tadatō (1867–1868) Tachibana Taneyuki (1868)

Wakadoshiyori

Nagai Naoyuki
Nagai Naoyuki
(1867–1868)

Kyoto
Kyoto
shoshidai

Okudaira Nobumasa
Okudaira Nobumasa
(1600–1601) Itakura Katsushige
Itakura Katsushige
(1601–1619) Makino Chikashige (1654–1668) Itakura Shigenori
Itakura Shigenori
(1668–1670) Nagai Naotsune (1670–1678) Toda Tadamasa (1678–1681) Inaba Masamichi (1681–1685) Tsuchiya Masanao (1685–1687) Naitō Shigeyori (1687–1690) Matsudaira Nobuoki (1690–1691) Ogasawara Nagashige
Ogasawara Nagashige
(1691–1697) Matsudaira Nobutsune (1697–1714) Mizuno Tadayuki (1714–1717) Matsudaira Tadachika(1717–1724) Makino Hideshige (1724–1734) Toki Yoritoshi
Toki Yoritoshi
1734–1742) Makino Sadamichi
Makino Sadamichi
(1742–1749) Matsudaira Sukekuni (1749–1752) Sakai Tadamochi
Sakai Tadamochi
(1752–1756) Matsudaira Terutaka(1756–1758) Inoue Masatsune (1758–1760) Abe Masasuke (1760–1764) Abe Masachika (1764–1768) Doi Toshisato (1769–1777) Kuze Hiroakira (1777–1781) Makino Sadanaga
Makino Sadanaga
(1781–1784) Toda Tadatō (1784–1789) Ōta Sukeyoshi (1789–1782) Hotta Masanari (1792–1798) Makino Tadakiyo (1798–1801) Doi Toshiatsu (1801–1802) Aoyama Tadayasu (1802–1804) Inaba Masanobu (1804–1806) Abe Masayoshi (1806–1808) Sakai Tadayuki
Sakai Tadayuki
(1808–1815) Ōkubo Tadazane
Ōkubo Tadazane
(1815–1818) Matsudaira Norihiro (1818–1823) Naitō Nobuatsu
Naitō Nobuatsu
(1823–1825) Matsudaira Yasutō (1825–1826) Mizuno Tadakuni
Mizuno Tadakuni
(1826–1828) Matsudaira Muneakira (1828–1832) Ōta Sukemoto (1832–1834) Matsudaira Nobuyori (1834–1837) Doi Toshitsura
Doi Toshitsura
(1837–1838) Manabe Akikatsu
Manabe Akikatsu
(1838–1840) Makino Tadamasa (1840–1843) Sakai Tadaaki
Sakai Tadaaki
(1843–1850) Naitō Nobuchika (1850–1851) Wakisaka Yasuori (1851–1857) Honda Tadamoto
Honda Tadamoto
(1857–1858) Sakai Tadaaki
Sakai Tadaaki
(1858–1862) Matsudaira Munehide
Matsudaira Munehide
(1862) Makino Tadayuki
Makino Tadayuki
(1862–1863) Inaba Masakuni
Inaba Masakuni
(1863–1864) Matsudaira Sadaaki
Matsudaira Sadaaki
(1864–1867)

Bugyō

Bugu-bugyō (post-1863) Edo machi-bugyō Fushimi bugyō Gaikoku-bugyō (post-1858) Gunkan-bugyō (post-1859) Gusoku-bugyō Hakodate bugyō Haneda bugyō (post-1853) Hyōgo bugyō (post-1864) Jisha-bugyō Kanagawa bugyō (post-1859) Kanjō-bugyō (post-1787) Kinzan-bugyō Kyoto
Kyoto
machi-bugyō Nara bugyō Machi-bugyō Nagasaki
Nagasaki
bugyō Niigata bugyō Nikkō bugyō Osaka jōdai Osaka machi-bugyō Rōya-bugyō Sado bugyō Sakai bugyō Sakuji-bugyō (post-1632) Shimoda bugyō Sunpu jōdai Uraga bugyō Yamada bugyō

Ōmetsuke

Yagyū Munenori
Yagyū Munenori
(1632–1636) Mizuno Morinobu (1632–1636) Akiyama Masashige 1632–1640) Inoue Masashige (1632–1658) Kagazume Tadazumi (1640–1650) Nakane Masamori (1650) Hōjō Ujinaga (1655–1670) Ōoka Tadatane (1670) Nakayama Naomori (1684) Sengoku Hisanao (1695–1719) Shōda Yasutoshi (1699–1701) Sakakibara Tadayuki (1836–1837) Atobe Yoshisuke (1839–1841, 1855–1856) Tōyama Kagemoto
Tōyama Kagemoto
(1844) Ido Hiromichi 1853–1855) Tsutsui Masanori (1854–1857) Ōkubo Tadahiro (1862) Matsudaira Yasuhide (1864) Nagai Naoyuki
Nagai Naoyuki
(1864–1865, 1865–1867) Yamaoka Takayuki (1868) Oda Nobushige (1868)

Kyoto
Kyoto
Shugoshoku

Matsudaira Katamori
Matsudaira Katamori
(1862–1864) Matsudaira Yoshinaga
Matsudaira Yoshinaga
(1864) Matsudaira Katamori
Matsudaira Katamori
(1864–1867)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 20493499 LCCN: n84178453 ISNI: 0000 0000 2636 9130 GND: 119550474 SUDOC: 082954984 NDL: 00625

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