Toggenburg (Wahlkreis)
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Toggenburg is a region of
Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under an assembly-independent Directorial system, directorial republic , leader_title1 = Fe ...

Switzerland
. It corresponds to the upper valley of the river Thur and that of its main tributary, the Necker. Since 1 January 2003, Toggenburg has been a constituency (''Wahlkreis'') of the
canton of St. Gallen The canton of St. Gallen, also canton of St Gall (german: link=no, Kanton St. Gallen ; dialectally , french: link=no, canton de Saint-Gall, it, Cantone di San Gallo, rm, chantun Son Gagl), is a canton Canton may refer to: Administrative d ...
(
SFOS number
SFOS number
1727).


Geography

The valley descends in a northwestern direction from the watershed between the
Rhine ), Surselva Surselva Region is one of the eleven administrative districts Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many s ...

Rhine
and the Thur, and is enclosed on the northeast by the chain of the
Säntis At 2,501.9 metres above sea level Height above mean sea level is a measure of the vertical distance (height 200px, A cuboid demonstrating the dimensions length, width, and height. Height is measure of vertical distance, either vertical ex ...

Säntis
() and on the southwest by that of the
Churfirsten Churfirsten is a mountain range in the Canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland ,german: Schweizer(in),french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under a multi-par ...
() and of the Speer (). It is a fertile valley of about in length from the source of the river to
Wil Wil is the capital of the ''Wahlkreis'' (constituency) of Wil in the canton Canton may refer to: Administrative division terminology * Canton (administrative division), territorial/administrative division in some countries, notably Switzer ...

Wil
. At
Wildhaus Wildhaus (High Alemannic German, High Alemannic: ''Wildhuus'') is a village and former municipality in the Toggenburg region of the Cantons of Switzerland, canton of St. Gallen (canton), St. Gallen in Switzerland, since 2010 by merger with Alt St. ...

Wildhaus
, the highest village (), the house wherein
Huldrych Zwingli Huldrych Zwingli or Ulrich Zwingli (1 January 1484 – 11 October 1531) was a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland Map of the Swiss Confederacy by Sebastian Münster () The Protestant Reformation in Switzerland was promoted initi ...

Huldrych Zwingli
, the Swiss Reformer, was born in 1484, is still shown. Other villages are
Lichtensteig Lichtensteig is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision ...

Lichtensteig
, Kirchberg and
Wattwil Wattwil is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as ...

Wattwil
.


History

There are traces of the paleolithic Mousterian Industry throughout the
Appenzell Alps The Appenzell Alps (german: Appenzeller Alpen) are a mountain range in Switzerland on the northern edge of the Alps. They extend into the cantons of Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden and St. Gallen (canton), St. Gallen and are bordere ...
, in the Toggenburg notably in
Wildenmannlisloch Wildenmannlisloch (also ''Wildmannlisloch'', translating to "wild man's hole") is an alpine limestone Karst cave in the municipality of Wildhaus-Alt St. Johann, Toggenburg region, canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland, on the northern slope of the ...
cave. The upper Thur valley was part of the province of
Raetia Raetia ( ; ; also spelled Rhaetia) was a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, firs ...

Raetia
in the
Roman era In , ancient Rome is civilization from the founding of the Italian city of in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the in the 5th century AD, encompassing the (753 BC–509 BC), (509 BC–27 BC) and (27 BC–476 AD) until the fall of ...
, and was reached by Alemannic-speaking settlers only in the early medieval period. This is evidenced by a substantial
substrate Substrate may refer to: Physical layers *Substrate (biology), the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the surface or medium on which an organism grows or is attached **Substrate (locomotion), the surface over which an organism loco ...
of
Romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or romantic love is a feeling Feeling was originally used to describe the physical sensation of touch through e ...
toponyms in the upper Toggenburg (upstream of
Stein Stein is a German language, German, Yiddish and Norwegian language, Norwegian word meaning "stone" and "pip" or "kernel". It stems from the same Germanic languages, Germanic Root (linguistics), root as the English word stone. It may refer to: Pl ...
). The name of the region is derived from that of the
House of Toggenburg The counts of Toggenburg (''Grafen von Toggenburg'') ruled the Toggenburg (Switzerland), Toggenburg region of today's canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland, and adjacent areas during the 13th to 15th centuries. A Freiherr, baronial family of Toggenbu ...
(named for their castle near Kirchberg) who ruled over parts of the Toggenburg region since the 12th century, in the 13th century taking the title of counts () and extending their domain to include all of the upper Thur valley. The extinction of the main line of the counts of Toggenburg (1436) led to the
Old Zürich War The Old Zurich War (german: Alter Zürichkrieg), 1440–46, was a conflict between the canton of Zurich and the other seven cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy The Old Swiss Confederacy or Swiss Confederacy (Modern German New High Germa ...
(1440–46) ultimately resulting in the temporary expulsion of
Zürich Zürich () is the in and the capital of the . It is located in north-central Switzerland, at the northwestern tip of . As of January 2020, the municipality has 434,335 inhabitants, the urban area (agglomeration) 1.315 million (2009), and the 1. ...
from the Swiss confederacy. Eventually, the Toggenburg passed to the lord of
Raron Raron (french: Rarogne) is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level ...

Raron
(in
Valais Valais (in French language, French) ( , , ; frp, Valês), or Wallis (in German language, German) (german: Wallis ), more formally the Canton of Valais,; german: Kanton Wallis; in other official Swiss languages outside Valais: it, (Canton) Valle ...

Valais
), who sold it to the abbot of St. Gall in 1468. Part of the Toggenburg followed the
Swiss Reformation The Protestant Reformation in Switzerland was promoted initially by Huldrych Zwingli Huldrych Zwingli or Ulrich Zwingli (1 January 1484 – 11 October 1531) was a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland Map of the Swiss Confede ...
led by Zwingli, and the valley declared itself independent in 1530, but was forced to re-submit to the Abbot of St. Gall in 1538. The Abbot was, however, pressured into toleration of either confession, so that the Toggenburg became one of the few regions of Switzerland where Catholicism and Protestantism have a tradition of co-existence. In 1707, the Toggenburg again declared its independence of St. Gall, in reaction to the Abbey's plans to build a road across the
Ricken Pass The Ricken Pass is a mountain pass A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range A mountain range is a series of mountains ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mount ...
, which was seen as a strategic arrangement towards a Catholic military alliance. The ensuing
Toggenburg war The Toggenburg War, also known as the Second War of Villmergen or the Swiss Civil War of 1712, was a Swiss Swiss may refer to: * the adjectival form of Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , ...
of 1712 resulted in a balance of power between Catholic and Protestant cantons, ultimately leading to the formation of
Switzerland as a federal state The rise of Switzerland as a federal state began on 12 September 1848, with the creation of a federal constitution Federal or foederal (archaic) may refer to: Politics General *Federal monarchy, a federation of monarchies *Federation, or ''F ...
. In the
Helvetic Republic In Swiss history, the Helvetic Republic (1798–1803) represented an early attempt to impose a central authority over Switzerland ,german: Schweizer(in),french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = ...
, the Toggenburg was divided between the cantons of
Säntis At 2,501.9 metres above sea level Height above mean sea level is a measure of the vertical distance (height 200px, A cuboid demonstrating the dimensions length, width, and height. Height is measure of vertical distance, either vertical ex ...
and
Linth The Linth (pronounced "lint") is a Swiss Swiss may refer to: * the adjectival form of Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democra ...
. The parts were re-united as part of the
canton of St. Gallen The canton of St. Gallen, also canton of St Gall (german: link=no, Kanton St. Gallen ; dialectally , french: link=no, canton de Saint-Gall, it, Cantone di San Gallo, rm, chantun Son Gagl), is a canton Canton may refer to: Administrative d ...
in 1803. Schüblig, a type of
sausage A sausage is a type of meat Meat is animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the Kingdom (biology), biological kingdom Animalia. With few exceptions, animals Heterotroph, consum ...

sausage
is a tradition in the area.


Demographics

The Toggenburg has a population of (as of ). Of the foreign population, (), 584 are from
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
, 952 are from
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
, 3,124 are from ex-
Yugoslavia Yugoslavia (; sh, Jugoslavija / ; sl, Jugoslavija ; mk, Југославија ;; rup, Iugoslavia; hu, Jugoszlávia; Pannonian Rusyn Image:Novi Sad mayor office.jpg, 250px, Mayor office written in four official languages used in the ...
, 167 are from
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
, 1,137 are from
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
, and 1,123 are from another country.Der Kanton St. Gallen und seine Menschen in Zahlen - Ausgabe 2009
accessed 30 December 2009
Of the Swiss national languages (), 41,718 speak
German German(s) may refer to: * Germany (of or related to) **Germania (historical use) * Germans, citizens of Germany, people of German ancestry, or native speakers of the German language ** For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law **Ger ...

German
, 107 people speak
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...

French
, 673 people speak
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the people of Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps ...

Italian
, and 47 people speak Romansh. The age distribution, , is; 6,296 children or 13.7% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 7,444 teenagers or 16.2% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 5,046 people or 11.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 6,784 people or 14.8% are between 30 and 39, 6,390 people or 13.9% are between 40 and 49, and 4,926 people or 10.7% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 3,773 people or 8.2% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 3,269 people or 7.1% are between 70 and 79, there are 1,652 people or 3.6% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 326 people or 0.7% who are between 90 and 99, and 1 person who is 100 or more.Canton St. Gallen Statistics-Hauptergebnisse der Volkszählung 2000: Regionen- und Gemeindevergleich-Personen
accessed 30 December 2009
there were 4,967 persons (or 10.8% of the population) who were living alone in a private dwelling. There were 8,910 (or 19.4%) persons who were part of a couple (married or otherwise committed) without children, and 27,097 (or 59.0%) who were part of a couple with children. There were 2,202 (or 4.8%) people who lived in single parent home, while there are 318 persons who were adult children living with one or both parents, 165 persons who lived in a household made up of relatives, 198 people who lived in a household made up of unrelated persons, and 2,050 who are either institutionalized or lived in another type of collective housing. Out of the total population in the region, , the highest education level completed by 11,393 people (24.8% of the population) was
Primary Primary or primaries may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Music Groups and labels * Primary (band) Primary were an Australian electronic rock band which formed in 1995 the Fonti brothers: Jamie on keyboards and Sean on bass guitar (b ...

Primary
, while 15,123 (32.9%) have completed
Secondary Secondary may refer to: * Secondary (chemistry) Secondary is a term used in organic chemistry to classify various types of compounds (e. g. alcohols, alkyl halides, amines) or reactive intermediates (e. g. alkyl radicals, carbocations). See ...
, 3,627 (7.9%) have attended a
Tertiary Tertiary ( ) is a widely used but obsolete term for the geologic period The geologic time scale (GTS) is a system of chronological dating that classifies Geology, geological strata (stratigraphy) in time. It is used by geologists, paleontology ...

Tertiary
school, and 2,291 (5.0%) are not in school. The remainder did not answer this question. the average unemployment rate was 2.9%. From the , 21,238 or 46.3% are
Roman Catholic Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Laz ...

Roman Catholic
, while 15,930 or 34.7% belonged to the
Swiss Reformed Church The Swiss Reformed Church (german: Evangelisch-reformierte Kirchen der Schweiz, lit=Evangelical Reformed Churches of Switzerland) is the Reformed branch of Protestantism Protestantism is a form of Christianity Christianity is an , base ...

Swiss Reformed Church
. Of the rest of the population, there are 29 individuals (or about 0.06% of the population) who belong to the Christian Catholic faith, there are 939 individuals (or about 2.05% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 1,033 individuals (or about 2.25% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 11 individuals (or about 0.02% of the population) who are Judaism, Jewish, and 2,889 (or about 6.29% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 245 individuals (or about 0.53% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 2,183 (or about 4.76% of the population) belong to no church, are Agnosticism, agnostic or Atheism, atheist, and 1,410 individuals (or about 3.07% of the population) did not answer the question.


Municipalities

Since 1 January 2013, the Toggenburg district has consisted of twelve municipalities:


Mergers and name changes

* On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Bütschwil and Ganterschwil merged to form Bütschwil-Ganterschwil, the former municipality of Krinau merged into the municipality of
Wattwil Wattwil is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as ...

Wattwil
and the former municipalities of Nesslau-Krummenau and
Stein Stein is a German language, German, Yiddish and Norwegian language, Norwegian word meaning "stone" and "pip" or "kernel". It stems from the same Germanic languages, Germanic Root (linguistics), root as the English word stone. It may refer to: Pl ...
merged into the new municipality of Nesslau.Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz
published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office


See also

* Municipalities of the canton of St. Gallen


References


External links


Tourist information
{{Authority control Toggenburg,