Todmorden (/ˈtɒdmərdən/ TOD-mər-dən; locally
/ˈtɒdmɔːdən/ /ˈtɒdmərdən/ or /tɔːmdɪn/) is a market
town and civil parish in the
Upper Calder Valley
Upper Calder Valley in Calderdale,
West Yorkshire, England. It is 17 miles (27 km) from Manchester
and in 2011 had a population of 15,481.
Todmorden is at the confluence of three steep-sided Pennine valleys
and is surrounded by moorlands with outcrops of sandblasted gritstone.
The historic boundary between
Lancashire is the River
Calder and its tributary, the
Walsden Water, which run through the
town. The administrative border was altered by the Local Government
Act 1888 placing the whole of the town within the West Riding.
The town is served by
Walsden railway stations.
1.2 Pagan prehistory
1.3 Early history
1.4 19th century
1.5 20th century
Todmorden Town Council Composition
2.1.1 Current composition
2.2 Twin towns
8 Notable people
8.1 Science and Engineering
Nobel Prize winners
8.2 Politics and Law
8.3 Arts and culture
10 Further reading
11 External links
Todmorden first appears in 1641. The town had earlier been
called Tottemerden, Totmardene, Totmereden or Totmerden. The generally
accepted meaning of the name is Totta's boundary-valley, probably a
reference to the valley running north-west from the town.
Alternative suggestions have been proposed, such as the speculation
"maybe fancifully" that the name derives from two words for death: tod
and mor (as in mort), meaning "death-death-wood", or that the name
meant "marshy home of the fox", from the Old English.
In 1898 Blackheath Barrow—a ring cairn monument situated above Cross
Stone in Todmorden—was excavated and proved to be a site of
"surpassing archaeological interest", according to J. Lawton Russell,
one of the men who carried out the excavation. Various Bronze Age
items were discovered, including sepulchral urns, a human skull, teeth
Russell contended that Blackheath Barrow was primarily a religious
site, specifically intended for the "performance of funeral rites", as
there was no evidence that it had been settled for domestic use. Of
particular interest were the four cairns, positioned at the cardinal
points of the compass, and it has been suggested that this indicates
"a ritual evocation of the airts, or spirits of the four directions,
with obvious correlates in relation to spirits in the land of the
The various finds from the 1898 dig are now housed in the Todmorden
Library, on permanent display.
The earliest written record of the area is in the Domesday Book
(1086). Settlement in medieval
Todmorden was dispersed. Most
people living in scattered farms or in isolated hilltop agricultural
Packhorse trails were marked by ancient stones of which
many still survive.
For hundreds of years streams from the surrounding hills provided
water for corn and fulling mills.
Todmorden grew to relative
prosperity by combining farming with the production of woollen
textiles. Some yeomen clothiers were able to build fine houses, a few
of which still exist today. Increasingly, though, the area turned to
cotton. The proximity of Manchester, as a source of material and
trade, was undoubtedly a strong factor. Another was that the strong
Pennine streams and rivers were able to power the machine looms.
Improvements in textile machinery (by Kay, Hargreaves and Arkwright),
along with the development of turnpike roads (1751–1781), helped to
develop the new cotton industry and to increase the local population.
In 1801 most people still lived in the uplands;
Todmorden itself could
be considered as a mere village. During the years 1800–1845 great
changes took place in the communications and transport of the town
which were to have a crucial effect on promoting industrial growth.
These included the building of: (1) better roads; (2) the Rochdale
Canal (1804); and (3) the main line of the
Manchester and Leeds
Railway (1841), which became the
Yorkshire Railway in
1847. This railway line incorporated the (then) longest tunnel in the
world, the 2,885-yard Summit Tunnel. A second railway, from Todmorden
to Burnley, opened as a single line in 1849, being doubled to meet
demand in 1860. A short connecting line, from Stansfield Hall to Hall
Royd, completed the "
Todmorden Triangle" in 1862, thus enabling trains
to travel in all three directions (Manchester,
Leeds and Burnley)
Industrial Revolution caused a concentration of industry and
settlement along the valley floor and a switch from woollens to
cotton. One family in the area was particularly influential on the
town; the Fielden family. They created a "dynasty" that changed the
town forever by establishing several large mills, putting up assorted
impressive buildings and bringing about social and educational change.
A double murder took place at Christ Church,
Todmorden on 2 March
1868. The victims' graves lie in the churchyard. Miles Weatherhill, a
23-year-old weaver from the town, was forbidden from seeing his
housemaid sweetheart, Sarah Bell, by the Reverend Anthony John Plow.
Armed with four pistols and an axe, Weatherhill took revenge first on
the vicar and then on Jane Smith, another maid who had informed Plow
of the secret meetings. Miss Smith died at the scene, while the vicar
survived another week before succumbing to his injuries. Weatherhill
also seriously injured the vicar's wife. On 4 April 1868 Weatherhill
became the last person to be publicly hanged in Manchester, at the New
Bailey prison. Local legend has it that the face of a
young woman is sometimes seen in the window of the vicarage, now in
Throughout the first decade of the 20th century, the population
of the Borough of
Todmorden remained constant. The ten-yearly UK
census returns show figures of 25,418 in 1901 and 25,404 in 1911. Like
the rest of the Upper Calder Valley, Todmorden's economy experienced a
slow decline from around the end of the
First World War
First World War onwards,
accelerating after the
Second World War
Second World War until around the late 1970s.
During this period there was a painful restructuring of the local
economy with the closure of mills and the demise of heavy industry.
On 1 January 1907,
Todmorden Corporation became only the second
municipality in the
British Isles to operate a motor bus service. By
the end of that year, the fleet had expanded to five double-deck
vehicles: two by Critchley-Norris, two by
(predecessor of Leyland Motors) and one by Ryknield. In 1931, the
service became jointly operated by the Corporation and the LMS railway
under the name "
Todmorden Joint Omnibus Committee". At its maximum
size in the 1940s and 1950s, the undertaking operated 40 vehicles over
50 route miles (80 km) through the rugged South Pennine terrain.
Until 1938, the town was served by no fewer than six railway stations:
Todmorden, Stansfield Hall, Cornholme, Portsmouth,
Eastwood. With the exception of
Todmorden railway station, all closed
during the middle third of the 20th century although Walsden
railway station reopened on 10 September 1990 on a site a few yards
north of the original 1845 railway station. In December 1984 a goods
train carrying petrol derailed in the
Summit Tunnel between Todmorden
and Littleborough causing what is still considered as one of the
biggest underground fires in transport history.
Todmorden found itself at the centre of a celebrated murder
enquiry. On 11 June that year police were called to J.W. Parker's coal
Todmorden after the discovery of a body, subsequently
identified as 56-year-old Zigmund Adamski from Tingley, near
Wakefield. The former coal miner had not been seen since setting out
on a local shopping trip five days earlier. Although still wearing a
suit, his shirt, watch and wallet were missing. A post mortem
established that he died of a heart attack earlier that day, and
discovered burns on his neck, shoulders and back of his head. These
appeared to have been dressed by a green ointment, which toxicology
tests were unable to identify. Adamski's case has never been
solved, no suspect was ever arrested and in a television documentary
the coroner, James Turnbull, described it as "one of the most puzzling
cases I've come across in 25 years". Among the explanations to
gain currency was that Adamski was the victim of extraterrestrial
abduction. After intense media interest, the
force were forbidden from talking further to the press about the
In 2008, a group of local residents initiated the Incredible Edible
Todmorden project to raise awareness of food issues and in particular
local food and food provenance. The project has been responsible
for the planting of 40 public fruit and vegetable gardens throughout
the town, with each plot inviting passers-by to help themselves to the
open source produce. The project has attracted publicity, media
attention and visitors and the idea has been replicated in at least
fifteen towns and villages in the UK.
Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms of the former
Todmorden Borough Council.
Todmorden has a complex geo-administrative history. It lies along the
historic county boundary of
Yorkshire and Lancashire.
Until the boundary reformation by the Local Government Act 1888, the
Yorkshire boundary ran through the centre of Todmorden,
following the River Calder to the north-west and the
Walsden Water for
less than 1 mi (1.6 km) to the south before turning
south-eastwards across Langfield Common. The Town Hall, which was
Todmorden by the Fielden family and opened in 1875,
Walsden Water; thus, from 1875 to 1888 it was possible
to dance in the Town Hall ballroom, forward and back, across two
counties of England.
Following the Local Government Act 1894, the
Todmorden Local Board
became an Urban District Council, comprising the wards of Todmorden,
Walsden, Langfield and Stansfield. At the same time,
District Council, comprising the parishes of Blackshaw, Erringden,
Heptonstall and Wadsworth, came into being. Two years later, on 2 June
1896, the town was granted a Charter of Incorporation and the area
covered by the Urban District Council became a municipal borough. The
number of wards was increased from four to six: Central, Walsden,
Langfield, Stansfield, Stoodley and Cornholme.
District was later renamed Hepton Rural District. Since the local
government reforms of 1974,
Todmorden has been administered as part of
Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, within the Metropolitan county
of West Yorkshire. At the local government level, Todmorden, the town,
is almost entirely within
Todmorden ward although the eastern
portion of the town toward Eastwood shares some of adjoining Calder
ward with Hebden Bridge.
Until 1996, when postal counties were abolished, Todmorden's official
postal county was Lancashire.
Todmorden Town Council Composition
Todmorden Town Council 7 May 2015
As of the
United Kingdom local elections, 2016 and the By-election in
Todmorden's twin towns are:
Roncq, Nord, Hauts-de-France, France
Bramsche, Lower Saxony, Germany
A view of Gauxholme &
Walsden from Watty Lane.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June
Other villages and towns in the
Upper Calder Valley
Upper Calder Valley include Hebden
Bridge and Mytholmroyd. The territory of the civil parish of Todmorden
also extends to cover Eastwood, Walsden, Cornholme, Mankinholes,
Lumbutts, Robinwood, Lydgate, Portsmouth, Shade, Stansfield, Dobroyd,
Ferney Lee, Gauxholme and Cross Stone.
Todmorden had consisted of the townships of Langfield and
Stansfield in Yorkshire, and Todmorden/
Walsden section of the greater
Hundersfield in the Ancient Parish of Rochdale,
Lancashire. The township of
Walsden was created in 1801
by the union of the older villages of
Todmorden and Walsden.
A typical weaving shed at
Queen Street Mill
Queen Street Mill Textile Museum, Burnley
Heavy industry is now part of Todmorden's history, not its present.
The industrial chimneys have largely gone and the remaining mills have
mostly been converted for other purposes. The town's industrial base
is much reduced (at one time
Todmorden had the largest weaving shed in
the world). There has been a great deal of
regeneration activity and
Todmorden is now increasingly a commuter
town for people working in Manchester, Leeds, Bradford, Huddersfield
and smaller towns.
Todmorden also services the local rural area and
attracts visitors through its market (indoor and outdoor), various
events, heritage and the local Pennine countryside. Changing work
patterns may have influenced the fact that the town was the first
rural telephone exchange in Britain to be broadband-enabled through
public demand. Rising house prices over recent years are a particular
problem as there is limited land available in the valley for building
affordable housing. It has for centuries been considered the safest
accessible route directly across the Pennines.
Pubs in the town centre include the Duke of York, the Wellington, the
Royal George, the Golden Lion, and the White Hart
Todmorden Town Hall
Todmorden has a Neo-Classical town hall (built 1866–1875) which
dominates the centre of the town. The building straddles the Walsden
Water, a tributary of the River Calder, and was situated in both
Yorkshire until the administrative county boundary was
moved on 1 January 1888. Designed by John Gibson of Westminster, this
imposing building has a northern end which is semi-circular. One
interesting external feature of the town hall is the pediment to the
front elevation, which reflects the fact that it straddled the
boundary as it depicts the main industries of the two counties. The
fine carved stonework has two central female figures on a pedestal.
The left-hand sculpture represents
Lancashire (cotton spinning and
weaving industries), and the right-hand one
manufacturing, engineering and agriculture).
Todmorden Market Hall
Todmorden has the look of a Victorian mill town. Other notable
Dobroyd Castle (completed in 1869), now used as a
residential activity centre for schoolchildren; the Edwardian
Hippodrome Theatre, and the
Grade I listed
Grade I listed
Todmorden Unitarian Church
(built 1865–1869). Dobroyd Castle, the town hall and the Unitarian
church were all built at the behest of
John Fielden and his sons and
designed by John Gibson, who had been a member of Charles Barry's team
at the Houses of Parliament. Pre-Victorian buildings include two
18th century pubs;
Todmorden Old Hall, a
Grade II* listed
Grade II* listed manor
house (Elizabethan) in the centre of town, and St. Mary's Church which
dates from 1476.
Todmorden is situated alongside the Pennine Way, Pennine Bridleway,
Mary Towneley Loop
Mary Towneley Loop and
Calderdale Way and is popular for outdoor
activities such as walking, fell running, mountain biking and
bouldering. Its attractions include canals and locks, a park
containing a sports centre, an outdoor skateboard park, tennis courts,
a golf course, an aquarium/reptile house and a cricket ground. There
are wooded areas around the town and cafés and restaurants. The
Hippodrome Theatre shows films as well as putting on live
performances. The town has a small toy and model museum, a library and
a tourist information centre, along with independent retailers. Annual
events include a carnival, agricultural show, beer festival, music
festival and the traditional Easter Pace Egg plays.
Centre Vale Park in
Todmorden is the setting for several pieces of
local art, including tree carvings by the sculptor John Adamson.
Also in the park are the reconstructed remains of Centre Vale Mansion,
Todmorden War Memorial
Todmorden War Memorial in the Garden of Remembrance, and
nearby there is a sculpture of a dog. This was sculpted by local
sculptor David Wynne in 2005, and was cast in steel at the local
Todmorden foundry Weir Minerals. It was donated to the park by the
sculptor and the foundry, but installation was delayed for several
years due to the extensive flood alleviation works. In 2011, the dog
was featured on an episode of Derren Brown's The Experiments. Brown
spread a rumour that the dog was lucky; it then gained a reputation
for bringing luck to anyone that touched it. During the First World
War the mansion was used as a military hospital.
The 120 ft
Stoodley Pike monument (built 1814 and rebuilt in
1854) stands atop the 1,300 ft hill of the same name. It
commemorates the defeat of
Napoleon and the surrender of Paris. It is
a prominent feature of Todmorden's moors, and is a landmark on the
Todmorden has been used as a location for the 1980s
BBC TV police
drama Juliet Bravo, Territorial Army series All Quiet on the Preston
Front, parts of The League of Gentlemen,
BBC TV miniseries Oranges Are
Not the Only Fruit, the award-winning BBC1 series Life on Mars, a town
in the book Spooks Blood and a film adaptation of the novel My Summer
of Love. The
BBC One crime drama series Happy Valley, written by Sally
Wainwright (who grew up in nearby Sowerby Bridge), is filmed in
and around the town, amongst other locations. In the 1980s the town
was used for two consecutive episodes of
BBC fashion series The
Todmorden featured in a TV show about haunted buildings. The programme
included a closed surgery in which
Harold Shipman worked for a number
of years, as well as the town hall (haunted by a grey lady), and
Oddfellows Hall (known as Baxter's bar), which is haunted by a builder
who died in the construction of the building in 1811.
Before May 2009, the links to
Lancashire and the North West were also
seen in the media with
Todmorden receiving an analogue TV signal from
BBC North West. The local television transmitter relayed
BBC One and
BBC Two to the
Todmorden area, however ITV and
Channel 4 was different
and has always been relayed from Emley Moor (via Cornholme) which
broadcasts ITV Yorkshire. Since 2009 the majority of services were
Cornholme although some parts of
Walsden retained their
television signal from the North West.
In February 2010,
Todmorden featured in the
BBC Radio 4 programme
"Costing the Earth: The New Diggers". Members of a guerrilla
gardening group spoke about reclaiming unused land for growing
vegetables, how this helps the local community and how it can be a
driver for change.
In November 2011,
Todmorden featured in the
Channel 4 programme The
Secret of Luck, in which
Derren Brown sought to convince the town that
the dog statue in Centre Vale Park brought good luck.
In September 2010
Todmorden received a visit from
Prince Charles (his
second visit to the town) who came to support Mary Clear's Incredible
Todmorden project. This featured on
Todmorden's local newspaper is the
Todmorden News owned by Johnston
Press, now merged (since October 2015) with the Hebden Bridge
Times from the neighbouring town by the same publisher.
Singletrack Magazine, a national mountain biking magazine, is based in
Todmorden Cricket Club
Todmorden Cricket Club has existed since 1837 and currently play at
Centre Vale in the town. They are the only
Yorkshire team in the
Main article: List of people from Todmorden
Science and Engineering
John Mitchell Nuttall (1890–1958) was a Todmorden-born physicist
remembered for the Geiger–Nuttall law.
John Ramsbottom (engineer)
John Ramsbottom (engineer) (1814–1897) was a mechanical and railway
engineer and inventor from the town.
Nobel Prize winners
Todmorden has two
Nobel Prize winners: Prof. Sir John Cockcroft
(Physics) and Prof. Sir
Geoffrey Wilkinson (Chemistry). Despite 24
years' difference in their birth dates, both attended Todmorden
Grammar School (now
Todmorden High School
Todmorden High School with the prior grammar
school building now home to Ferney Lee Primary School) and both had
the same science master, Luke Sutcliffe.
Politics and Law
John Fielden (1784–1849), land and factory owner in
scion of the town's Fielden family, was a Member of Parliament and
national leader of the Ten Hours Campaign for factory reform.
Samuel Fielden (1847–1922), socialist, anarchist and labour activist
who was one of the eight convicted in the 1886
Haymarket affair in
Chicago. He was sentenced to death along with six other defendants,
but after writing to the Illinois Governor asking for clemency his
sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in November 1887. He spent
six years in prison before being pardoned, along with two other
co-defendants, in 1893. He died in Colorado in 1922 and is buried in
La Veta (Pioneer) Cemetery, Huerfano County, Colorado alongside his
wife and two children.
Wilfred Judson, a justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, was born in
and spent his early youth in Todmorden.
Rebecca Taylor, Liberal Democrat MEP for
Yorkshire and the Humber
Yorkshire and the Humber from
8 March 2012 to 2 July 2014.
Arts and culture
Geoff Crowther (born 1944), independent travel guide writer, founding
editor of BIT travel guides,
London (1972–1980): the first
guidebooks to cover the Hippie trail. Crowther went on to be a
leading author for
Lonely Planet (1977–1995).
Liverpool born theatre playwright has a house in
Todmorden; he was also a writer for the
BBC 1 TV series EastEnders, as
well as several other TV and radio programmes.
Claire Benedict has appeared in UK TV shows Waking
The Dead, Prime Suspect, Unforgiven, Holby City, Casualty, Doctors,
Grange Hill, The Bill and the Lenny Henry Show. She featured in the
films Felicia's Journey, Sea Sick and Mersinias, and has had numerous
theatre roles, including work for the National Theatre and Royal
Shakespeare Company. On
BBC radio she is the voice of Precious
Ramotswe in The No.1 Ladies Detective Agency.
Dicken Ashworth appeared in Coronation Street and
Antony Booth, actor, father of
Cherie Blair and father-in-law of
former Prime Minister Tony Blair, resided in Todmorden.
Becky Simpson is an award-winning actress. As a
10-year-old child she starred as
Spoonface Steinberg in the BBC
production by that name written by writer Lee Hall, famous for writing
Billy Elliot. Becky is married to
Wes Paul notable
Rock and Roll
Rock and Roll lead
singer with the
Wes Paul Band; they are tenants of the Grade-I-listed
lodge inside the gates of
Todmorden Unitarian Church
Todmorden Unitarian Church and are both
members of the local management committee.
The Bayes family of artists were prominent in the 19th and
20th centuries. They were: Alfred Bayes (1832–1909), painter;
Walter Bayes (1869–1856), painter;
Gilbert Bayes (1872–1952),
Jessie Bayes (1876–1970), painter (some of her work
can be see at Lumbutts Methodist Church, Lumbutts, Todmorden).
William Holt (1897–1977) was a writer, painter, political activist,
journalist and traveller. William was often seen riding his white
horse Trigger around
Todmorden and other local areas.
Keith Emerson (1944-2016), founder member of UK prog-rock
The Nice and Emerson, Lake & Palmer, was born in the town
while the family was evacuated from the south coast.
John Helliwell, another Todmorden-born musician, was saxophonist in
the band Supertramp.
Dale Hibbert, original bass player with The Smiths, author of "Boy
Geoff Love (1917–1991), the big band leader, was born in Todmorden.
John Kettley (born 1952), the former
BBC weatherman, grew up in
Tim Benjamin (born 1975), the composer, lives in Todmorden, and the
world premiere of his opera Emily was given at the town's Hippodrome
Theatre in 2013.
England Test cricketers
Peter Lever (born 1940) and Derek Shackleton
Walter Livsey (1884 - 1978) from Todmorden.
Harold Shipman, the
General Practitioner who is believed to have
killed over 200 patients in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, claimed at
least one of his victims while working as a doctor at the Abraham
Ormerod Medical Centre between March 1974 and September 1975.
His first known victim, 70-year-old Eva Lyons, lived at Keswick Close
in the town. Shipman had initially been charged with 15 murders
committed around Hyde, Greater Manchester, between 1995 and 1998 when
he went on trial in late 1999, but Lyons was only identified as a
victim of Shipman when the inquiry into his crimes was completed in
July 2002 by Dame Janet Smith.
On 29 November 1980 police officer
Alan Godfrey allegedly experienced
an alien abduction, described in Jenny Randles' 1983 book The Pennine
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^ Peter Wright, A Yorkshireman's Dictionary, page 8
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^ Nicolaisen, Gelling & Richards, The Names of Towns and Cities in
Britain, p. 181
^ Glyn Hughes, foreword in "
Todmorden Album 4", (Birch R.) p. 6
^ "Blackheath Barrow: Archaeology".
Calderdale Council. Retrieved 20
^ Russell's note of the excavations appears in H. Ling Wroth, The
Yorkshire Coiners 1767–1783, and Notes on Old and Prehistoric
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West Yorkshire The Northern
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Calderdale Council. Retrieved 20 January
^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "Search Domesday Book". opendomesday.org.
Retrieved 2 February 2017.
^ Hindley, Charles (1871). "Execution and Confession of Miles
Weatherhill, The Young Weaver, and his Sweetheart, Sarah Bell".
University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
^ "The Murder At
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The Times (26064).
London. 5 March 1868. col A, p. 12.
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The Times (26091). London. 6 April
1868. col D, p. 10.
^ Survivor! The Summit Tunnel. Parry, K. ISBN 0-948287-00-4
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Todmorden Part 2.Alien Abduction". YouTube. 1 August
2008. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
BBC Inside Out –
Alien abduction claims in Yorkshire". BBC. 3
February 2003. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
^ "Adamski case still fascinates".
Todmorden News. 13 February 2006.
Retrieved 20 January 2014.
^ a b c Paull, John (2013) "Please Pick Me" – How Incredible Edible
Todmorden is repurposing the commons for open source food and
agricultural biodiversity, In J. Franzo, D. Hunter, T. Borelli &
F. Mattei (Eds.). Diversifying Foods and Diets: Using Agricultural
Biodiversity to Improve Nutrition and Health. Oxford: Earthscan,
^ "Roses united":
The Times (Letters) 15 August 2009
Todmorden ward profile".
^ "Calder ward".
^ "Historic Counties Postal Directory". Association of British
Counties. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
Calderdale Metropolitan Borough. "Election of Town/Parish
Councillors 2015 - 07/05/2015: Election results:
^ "Councillors -
Todmorden Town Council".
^ "index". Treesculptor.co.uk. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 20 January
^ "davidwynne.info". davidwynne.info. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
^ "ww1memorial". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com.
^ "Sally Wainwright: My Yorkshire".
Yorkshire Post. 13 June 2011.
Retrieved 5 October 2014.
^ "The New Diggers, Costing the Earth -
BBC Radio 4". BBC.
^ "@todcivicsociety twitter". 2015-10-10. Retrieved 2017-11-07.
^ "Focus on - Todmorden". Halifax Courier. 10 August 2007. Retrieved 2
^ "Todmorden". Lanchsire League. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
^ Paul Collins, "Baboons Are Simply Too Small for Leopard Bait" (item
10), Slate, 4 August 2008.
^ Carole Cadwalladr, "Journey's end for the guidebook gurus?", The
Observer Travel, 7 October 2007.
^ Hanson, Martyn. Hang on to a Dream – The Story of the Nice. Helter
Skelter Publishing. ISBN 1-900924-43-9.
^ "Review by John Clarke: Haunting, hypnotic, entrancing Emily".
^ "The Shipman Enquiry". Archived from the original on 13 April 2010.
Retrieved 15 September 2007.
^ "Abraham Ormerod Medical Centre". YouTube. 5 November 2010.
Retrieved 20 January 2014.
^ "Shipman's 215 victims".
BBC News. 13 January 2004. Retrieved 20
^ Randles, Jenny (1983). Pennine UFO Mystery. HarperCollins.
^ "Policeman Probed FBI". Fortean Times. Retrieved 20 January
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Todmorden Buses: A Century of Service, Nostalgia Road
Publications, 2006 ISBN 1-903016-68-1
Paull, J., Please pick me': How Incredible Edible
repurposing the commons for open source food and agricultural
biodiversity. Case Study 10 in "Diversifying food and diets: Using
agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health"
Media related to
Todmorden at Wikimedia Commons
Todmorden Town Council
Ceremonial county of West Yorkshire
City of Bradford
City of Leeds
City of Wakefield
Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale
Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees
See also: List of civil parishes in West Yorkshire
West Yorkshire Joint Services
Population of major settlements
Grade I listed
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed
Grade II* listed buildings