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TODMORDEN (/ˈtɒdmədən/ ; locally /ˈtɒdmɔːdən/ /ˈtɒdmərdən/ or /tɔːmdɪn/ ) is a market town and civil parish in the Upper Calder Valley in Calderdale , West Yorkshire , England. It is 17 miles (27 km) from Manchester
Manchester
and in 2011 had a population of 15,481.

Todmorden
Todmorden
is at the confluence of three steep-sided Pennine valleys and is surrounded by moorlands with outcrops of sandblasted gritstone .

The historic boundary between Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and Lancashire
Lancashire
is the River Calder and its tributary, the Walsden Water, which run through the town. The administrative border was altered by the Local Government Act 1888 placing the whole of the town within the West Riding .

The town is served by Todmorden
Todmorden
and Walsden railway stations.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Toponymy * 1.2 Pagan prehistory * 1.3 Early history * 1.4 19th century * 1.5 20th century

* 2 Governance

* 2.1 Todmorden
Todmorden
Town Council Composition

* 2.1.1 Current composition

* 2.2 Twin towns

* 3 Geography * 4 Economy * 5 Landmarks * 6 Media

* 7 Sport

* 7.1 Cricket

* 8 Notable people

* 8.1 Science and Engineering

* 8.1.1 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
winners

* 8.2 Politics and Law * 8.3 Arts and culture * 8.4 Sport * 8.5 Other

* 9 References

* 9.1 Notes * 9.2 Bibliography

* 10 Further reading * 11 External links

HISTORY

TOPONYMY

The name Todmorden
Todmorden
first appears in 1641. The town had earlier been called Tottemerden, Totmardene, Totmereden or Totmerden. The generally accepted meaning of the name is Totta's boundary-valley, probably a reference to the valley running north-west from the town. Alternative suggestions have been proposed, such as the speculation "maybe fancifully" that the name derives from two words for death: tod and mor (as in mort), meaning "death-death-wood", or that the name meant "marshy home of the fox", from the Old English .

PAGAN PREHISTORY

In 1898 Blackheath Barrow—a ring cairn monument situated above Cross Stone in Todmorden
Todmorden
—was excavated and proved to be a site of "surpassing archaeological interest", according to J. Lawton Russell, one of the men who carried out the excavation. Various Bronze Age items were discovered, including sepulchral urns, a human skull, teeth and hands.

Russell contended that Blackheath Barrow was primarily a religious site, specifically intended for the "performance of funeral rites", as there was no evidence that it had been settled for domestic use. Of particular interest were the four cairns, positioned at the cardinal points of the compass, and it has been suggested that this indicates "a ritual evocation of the airts, or spirits of the four directions, with obvious correlates in relation to spirits in the land of the dead".

The various finds from the 1898 dig are now housed in the Todmorden Library, on permanent display.

EARLY HISTORY

Todmorden
Todmorden
c.1870

The earliest written record of the area is in the Domesday Book (1086). Settlement in medieval Todmorden
Todmorden
was dispersed. Most people living in scattered farms or in isolated hilltop agricultural settlements. Packhorse trails were marked by ancient stones of which many still survive.

For hundreds of years streams from the surrounding hills provided water for corn and fulling mills. Todmorden
Todmorden
grew to relative prosperity by combining farming with the production of woollen textiles. Some yeomen clothiers were able to build fine houses, a few of which still exist today. Increasingly, though, the area turned to cotton. The proximity of Manchester, as a source of material and trade, was undoubtedly a strong factor. Another was that the strong Pennine streams and rivers were able to power the machine looms . Improvements in textile machinery (by Kay , Hargreaves and Arkwright ), along with the development of turnpike roads (1751–1781), helped to develop the new cotton industry and to increase the local population.

19TH CENTURY

In 1801 most people still lived in the uplands; Todmorden
Todmorden
itself could be considered as a mere village. During the years 1800–1845 great changes took place in the communications and transport of the town which were to have a crucial effect on promoting industrial growth. These included the building of: (1) better roads; (2) the Rochdale Canal (1804); and (3) the main line of the Manchester
Manchester
and Leeds
Leeds
Railway (1841), which became the Lancashire
Lancashire
and Yorkshire Railway in 1847. This railway line incorporated the (then) longest tunnel in the world, the 2,885-yard Summit Tunnel . A second railway, from Todmorden
Todmorden
to Burnley, opened as a single line in 1849, being doubled to meet demand in 1860. A short connecting line, from Stansfield Hall to Hall Royd, completed the " Todmorden
Todmorden
Triangle" in 1862, thus enabling trains to travel in all three directions (Manchester, Leeds
Leeds
and Burnley) without reversing.

The Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
caused a concentration of industry and settlement along the valley floor and a switch from woollens to cotton. One family in the area was particularly influential on the town; the Fielden family. They created a "dynasty" that changed the town forever by establishing several large mills, putting up assorted impressive buildings and bringing about social and educational change.

A double murder took place at Christ Church, Todmorden
Todmorden
on 2 March 1868. The victims' graves lie in the churchyard. Miles Weatherhill, a 23-year-old weaver from the town, was forbidden from seeing his housemaid sweetheart, Sarah Bell, by the Reverend Anthony John Plow. Armed with four pistols and an axe, Weatherhill took revenge first on the vicar and then on Jane Smith, another maid who had informed Plow of the secret meetings. Miss Smith died at the scene, while the vicar survived another week before succumbing to his injuries. Weatherhill also seriously injured the vicar's wife. On 4 April 1868 Weatherhill became the last person to be publicly hanged in Manchester
Manchester
, at the New Bailey prison. Local legend has it that the face of a young woman is sometimes seen in the window of the vicarage, now in private ownership.

20TH CENTURY

Throughout the first decade of the 20th century, the population of the Borough of Todmorden
Todmorden
remained constant. The ten-yearly UK census returns show figures of 25,418 in 1901 and 25,404 in 1911. Like the rest of the Upper Calder Valley , Todmorden's economy experienced a slow decline from around the end of the First World War
First World War
onwards, accelerating after the Second World War
Second World War
until around the late 1970s. During this period there was a painful restructuring of the local economy with the closure of mills and the demise of heavy industry.

On 1 January 1907, Todmorden
Todmorden
Corporation became only the second municipality in the British Isles
British Isles
to operate a motor bus service. By the end of that year, the fleet had expanded to five double-deck vehicles: two by Critchley-Norris, two by Lancashire
Lancashire
Steam (predecessor of Leyland Motors) and one by Ryknield. In 1931, the service became jointly operated by the Corporation and the LMS railway under the name " Todmorden
Todmorden
Joint Omnibus Committee". At its maximum size in the 1940s and 1950s, the undertaking operated 40 vehicles over 50 route miles (80 km) through the rugged South Pennine terrain.

Until 1938, the town was served by no fewer than six railway stations: Todmorden
Todmorden
, Stansfield Hall , Cornholme , Portsmouth , Walsden and Eastwood . With the exception of Todmorden
Todmorden
railway station, all closed during the middle third of the 20th century although Walsden railway station reopened on 10 September 1990 on a site a few yards north of the original 1845 railway station. In December 1984 a goods train carrying petrol derailed in the Summit Tunnel between Todmorden
Todmorden
and Littleborough causing what is still considered as one of the biggest underground fires in transport history.

In 1980, Todmorden
Todmorden
found itself at the centre of a celebrated murder enquiry. On 11 June that year police were called to J.W. Parker's coal yard in Todmorden
Todmorden
after the discovery of a body, subsequently identified as 56-year-old Zigmund Adamski from Tingley , near Wakefield
Wakefield
. The former coal miner had not been seen since setting out on a local shopping trip five days earlier. Although still wearing a suit, his shirt, watch and wallet were missing. A post mortem established that he died of a heart attack earlier that day, and discovered burns on his neck, shoulders and back of his head. These appeared to have been dressed by a green ointment, which toxicology tests were unable to identify. Adamski's case has never been solved, no suspect was ever arrested and in a television documentary the coroner, James Turnbull, described it as "one of the most puzzling cases I've come across in 25 years". Among the explanations to gain currency was that Adamski was the victim of extraterrestrial abduction. After intense media interest, the Todmorden
Todmorden
police force were forbidden from talking further to the press about the case.

In 2008, a group of local residents initiated the Incredible Edible Todmorden
Todmorden
project to raise awareness of food issues and in particular local food and food provenance. The project has been responsible for the planting of 40 public fruit and vegetable gardens throughout the town, with each plot inviting passers-by to help themselves to the open source produce. The project has attracted publicity, media attention and visitors and the idea has been replicated in at least fifteen towns and villages in the UK.

GOVERNANCE

Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms
of the former Todmorden
Todmorden
Borough Council.

Todmorden
Todmorden
has a complex geo-administrative history. It lies along the historic county boundary of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and Lancashire
Lancashire
.

Until the boundary reformation by the Local Government Act 1888
Local Government Act 1888
, the Lancashire- Yorkshire
Yorkshire
boundary ran through the centre of Todmorden, following the River Calder to the north-west and the Walsden Water for less than 1 mi (1.6 km) to the south before turning south-eastwards across Langfield Common. The Town Hall, which was presented to Todmorden
Todmorden
by the Fielden family and opened in 1875, straddles the Walsden Water; thus, from 1875 to 1888 it was possible to dance in the Town Hall ballroom, forward and back, across two counties of England
England
.

Following the Local Government Act 1894 , the Todmorden
Todmorden
Local Board became an Urban District Council, comprising the wards of Todmorden, Walsden, Langfield and Stansfield. At the same time, Todmorden
Todmorden
Rural District Council, comprising the parishes of Blackshaw, Erringden, Heptonstall and Wadsworth, came into being. Two years later, on 2 June 1896, the town was granted a Charter of Incorporation and the area covered by the Urban District Council became a municipal borough . The number of wards was increased from four to six: Central, Walsden, Langfield, Stansfield, Stoodley and Cornholme. Todmorden
Todmorden
Rural District was later renamed Hepton Rural District . Since the local government reforms of 1974 , Todmorden
Todmorden
has been administered as part of the Metropolitan Borough
Metropolitan Borough
of Calderdale , within the Metropolitan county of West Yorkshire . At the local government level, Todmorden, the town, is almost entirely within Todmorden
Todmorden
ward although the eastern portion of the town toward Eastwood shares some of adjoining Calder ward with Hebden Bridge.

TODMORDEN TOWN COUNCIL COMPOSITION

ELECTION TO TODMORDEN TOWN COUNCIL 7 MAY 2015

PARTY SEATS GAINS LOSSES NET GAIN/LOSS SEATS % VOTES % VOTES +/−

Labour 12 5 0 +5 66.7% 46.1% 7458 +10.7%

Liberal Democrat 3 0 5 -5 16.7% 30.2% 4880 -15.7%

Green 2 2 0 +2 11.1% 9.5% 1536 +6.3%

Conservative 1 1 0 +1 5.6% 5.9% 965 n/a

UKIP 0 0 0 0 0% 5.2% 843 n/a

Independent 0 0 3 -3 0% 1.4% 227 -12.8%

National Front 0 0 0 0 0% 0.9% 145 n/a

Total 18

16170 + 5926

Current Composition

As of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
local elections, 2016 and the By-election in Walsden Ward

POLITICAL PARTY

CURRENT COUNCILLORS

Labour 13

Green 2

Liberal Democrat 3

TWIN TOWNS

Todmorden's twin towns are:

* Roncq , Nord , Hauts-de- France
France
, France * Bramsche , Lower Saxony , Germany

GEOGRAPHY

A view of Gauxholme "> A typical weaving shed at Queen Street Mill Textile Museum, Burnley

Heavy industry is now part of Todmorden's history, not its present. The industrial chimneys have largely gone and the remaining mills have mostly been converted for other purposes. The town's industrial base is much reduced (at one time Todmorden
Todmorden
had the largest weaving shed in the world). There has been a great deal of regeneration activity and Todmorden
Todmorden
is now increasingly a commuter town for people working in Manchester
Manchester
, Leeds
Leeds
, Bradford
Bradford
, Huddersfield
Huddersfield
and smaller towns. Todmorden
Todmorden
also services the local rural area and attracts visitors through its market (indoor and outdoor), various events, heritage and the local Pennine countryside. Changing work patterns may have influenced the fact that the town was the first rural telephone exchange in Britain to be broadband-enabled through public demand. Rising house prices over recent years are a particular problem as there is limited land available in the valley for building affordable housing . It has for centuries been considered the safest accessible route directly across the Pennines. Nightlife

Pubs in the town centre include the Duke of York, the Wellington, the Royal George, the Golden Lion, the White Heart (Wetherspoons) and the Polished Knob, known for live bands and music.

LANDMARKS

Todmorden
Todmorden
Town Hall

Todmorden
Todmorden
has a Greek Revival
Greek Revival
town hall (built 1866–1875) which dominates the centre of the town. The building straddles the Walsden Water, a tributary of the River Calder, and was situated in both Lancashire
Lancashire
and Yorkshire
Yorkshire
until the administrative county boundary was moved on 1 January 1888. Designed by John Gibson of Westminster, this imposing building has a northern end which is semi-circular. One interesting external feature of the town hall is the pediment to the front elevation, which reflects the fact that it straddled the boundary as it depicts the main industries of the two counties. The fine carved stonework has two central female figures on a pedestal. The left-hand sculpture represents Lancashire
Lancashire
(cotton spinning and weaving industries), and the right-hand one Yorkshire
Yorkshire
(wool manufacturing, engineering and agriculture). Todmorden
Todmorden
Market Hall

Todmorden
Todmorden
has the look of a Victorian mill town. Other notable buildings include Dobroyd Castle (completed in 1869), now used as a residential activity centre for schoolchildren; the Edwardian Hippodrome Theatre, and the Grade I listed
Grade I listed
Todmorden
Todmorden
Unitarian Church (built 1865–1869). Dobroyd Castle, the town hall and the Unitarian church were all built at the behest of John Fielden and his sons and designed by John Gibson , who had been a member of Charles Barry 's team at the Houses of Parliament . Pre-Victorian buildings include two 18th century pubs ; Todmorden
Todmorden
Old Hall, a Grade II* listed
Grade II* listed
manor house (Elizabethan ) in the centre of town, and St. Mary's Church which dates from 1476.

Todmorden
Todmorden
is situated alongside the Pennine Way , Pennine Bridleway
Pennine Bridleway
, Mary Towneley Loop and Calderdale Way and is popular for outdoor activities such as walking , fell running , mountain biking and bouldering . Its attractions include canals and locks, a park containing a sports centre, an outdoor skateboard park, tennis courts, a golf course, an aquarium/reptile house and a cricket ground. There are wooded areas around the town and cafés and restaurants. The Hippodrome Theatre shows films as well as putting on live performances. The town has a small toy and model museum, a library and a tourist information centre, along with independent retailers. Annual events include a carnival, agricultural show, beer festival, music festival and the traditional Easter Pace Egg plays .

Centre Vale Park in Todmorden
Todmorden
is the setting for several pieces of local art, including tree carvings by the sculptor John Adamson. Also in the park are the reconstructed remains of Centre Vale Mansion, next to Todmorden War Memorial in the Garden of Remembrance, and nearby there is a sculpture of a dog. This was sculpted by local sculptor David Wynne in 2005, and was cast in steel at the local Todmorden foundry Weir Minerals. It was donated to the park by the sculptor and the foundry, but installation was delayed for several years due to the extensive flood alleviation works. In 2011, the dog was featured on an episode of Derren Brown\'s The Experiments. Brown spread a rumour that the dog was lucky; it then gained a reputation for bringing luck to anyone that touched it. During the First World War
First World War
the mansion was used as a military hospital.

The 120 ft Stoodley Pike monument (built 1814 and rebuilt in 1854) stands atop the 1,300 ft hill of the same name. It commemorates the defeat of Napoleon
Napoleon
and the surrender of Paris
Paris
. It is a prominent feature of Todmorden's moors, and is a landmark on the Pennine Way .

MEDIA

Todmorden
Todmorden
has been used as a filming location for the 1980s BBC
BBC
TV police drama Juliet Bravo , Territorial Army series All Quiet on the Preston Front , parts of The League of Gentlemen , BBC
BBC
TV miniseries Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit , the award-winning BBC1 series Life on Mars and a film adaptation of the novel My Summer of Love . The BBC One crime drama series Happy Valley , written by Sally Wainwright (who grew up in nearby Sowerby Bridge ), is filmed in and around the town, amongst other locations.

Todmorden
Todmorden
featured in a TV show about haunted buildings. The programme included a closed surgery in which Harold Shipman worked for a number of years, as well as the town hall (haunted by a grey lady), and Oddfellows Hall (known as Baxter's bar), which is haunted by a builder who died in the construction of the building in 1811.

Before May 2009, the links to Lancashire
Lancashire
and the North West were also seen in the media with Todmorden
Todmorden
receiving an analogue TV signal from BBC North West . The local television transmitter relayed BBC One and BBC Two
BBC Two
to the Todmorden
Todmorden
area, however ITV and Channel 4
Channel 4
was different and has always been relayed from Emley Moor (via Cornholme) which broadcasts ITV Yorkshire
Yorkshire
. Since 2009 all services were relayed via Cornholme so local television links with the North West were lost.

In February 2010, Todmorden
Todmorden
featured in the BBC
BBC
Radio 4 programme "Costing the Earth: The New Diggers". Members of a guerrilla gardening group spoke about reclaiming unused land for growing vegetables, how this helps the local community and how it can be a driver for change.

In November 2011, Todmorden
Todmorden
featured in the Channel 4
Channel 4
programme The Secret of Luck, in which Derren Brown sought to convince the town that the dog statue in Centre Vale Park brought good luck.

Todmorden
Todmorden
received a visit from Prince Charles
Prince Charles
who came to support Mary Clear's Incredible Edible Todmorden project . This featured on BBC
BBC
Yorkshire
Yorkshire
.

Todmorden's local newspaper is the Todmorden
Todmorden
News owned by Johnston Press .

Singletrack Magazine , a national mountain biking magazine, is based in Todmorden.

SPORT

CRICKET

Todmorden Cricket Club has existed since 1837 and currently play at Centre Vale in the town. They are the only Yorkshire
Yorkshire
team in the Lancashire
Lancashire
League .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from Todmorden

SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

John Mitchell Nuttall (1890–1958) was a Todmorden-born physicist remembered for the Geiger–Nuttall law .

John Ramsbottom (engineer) (1814–1897) was a mechanical and railway engineer and inventor from the town.

Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
Winners

Todmorden
Todmorden
has two Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
winners: Prof. Sir John Cockcroft (Physics) and Prof. Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson
Geoffrey Wilkinson
(Chemistry). Despite 24 years' difference in their birth dates, both attended Todmorden Grammar School (now Todmorden High School with the prior grammar school building now home to Ferney Lee Primary School) and both had the same science master, Luke Sutcliffe.

POLITICS AND LAW

John Fielden (1784–1849), land and factory owner in Todmorden
Todmorden
and scion of the town's Fielden family, was a Member of Parliament and national leader of the Ten Hours Campaign for factory reform.

Samuel Fielden (1847–1922), socialist, anarchist and labour activist who was one of the eight convicted in the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago. He was sentenced to death along with six other defendants, but after writing to the Illinois Governor asking for clemency his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in November 1887. He spent six years in prison before being pardoned, along with two other co-defendants, in 1893. He died in Colorado in 1922 and is buried in La Veta (Pioneer) Cemetery, Huerfano County, Colorado alongside his wife and two children.

Wilfred Judson , a justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
, was born in and spent his early youth in Todmorden.

Rebecca Taylor , Liberal Democrat MEP for Yorkshire and the Humber 8 March 2012 – 2 July 2014

ARTS AND CULTURE

Geoff Crowther (born 1944), independent travel guide writer, founding editor of BIT travel guides , London
London
(1972–1980): the first guidebooks to cover the Hippie trail
Hippie trail
. Crowther went on to be a leading author for Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet
(1977–1995).

Fred Lawless
Fred Lawless
, Liverpool
Liverpool
born theatre playwright has a house in Todmorden; he was also a writer for the BBC
BBC
1 TV series EastEnders
EastEnders
, as well as several other TV and radio programmes.

Todmorden
Todmorden
actress Claire Benedict has appeared in UK TV shows Waking The Dead, Prime Suspect, Unforgiven, Holby City, Casualty, Doctors, Grange Hill, The Bill and the Lenny Henry Show. She featured in the films Felicia's Journey, Sea Sick and Mersinias, and has had numerous theatre roles, including work for the National Theatre and Royal Shakespeare Company. On BBC
BBC
radio she is the voice of Precious Ramotswe in The No.1 Ladies Detective Agency .

Todmorden-born actor Dicken Ashworth appeared in Coronation Street and Brookside.

Antony Booth , actor, father of Cherie Blair and father-in-law of former Prime Minister Tony Blair
Tony Blair
, resides in Todmorden.

Manchester-born Becky Simpson is an award-winning actress. As a 10-year-old child she starred as Spoonface Steinberg in the BBC production by that name written by writer Lee Hall , famous for writing Billy Elliot . Becky is married to Wes Paul notable Rock and Roll lead singer with the Wes Paul Band; they are tenants of the Grade-I-listed lodge inside the gates of Todmorden
Todmorden
Unitarian Church and are both members of the local management committee.

The Bayes family of artists were prominent in the 19th and 20th centuries. They were: Alfred Bayes (1832–1909), painter; Walter Bayes (1869–1856), painter; Gilbert Bayes (1872–1952), sculptor; and Jessie Bayes (1876–1970), painter (some of her work can be see at Lumbutts Methodist Church, Lumbutts, Todmorden).

William Holt (1897–1977) was a writer, painter, political activist, journalist and traveller. William was often seen riding his white horse Trigger around Todmorden
Todmorden
and other local areas.

Keyboardist Keith Emerson (1944-2016), founder member of UK prog-rock groups The Nice and Emerson, Lake ">

* ^ See page 828 of John C. Wells 's LPD. Also, see 25 April 2008 and 29 January 2010 * ^ Peter Wright, A Yorkshireman's Dictionary, page 8 * ^ "Census 2001 – Todmorden
Todmorden
CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 September 2007. * ^ "Town population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2016. * ^ Nicolaisen, Gelling & Richards, The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain, p. 181 * ^ Glyn Hughes, foreword in " Todmorden
Todmorden
Album 4", (Birch R.) p. 6 * ^ "Blackheath Barrow: Archaeology". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ Russell's note of the excavations appears in H. Ling Wroth, The Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Coiners 1767–1783, and Notes on Old and Prehistoric Halifax * ^ "Blackheath Circle, Todmorden, West Yorkshire The Northern Antiquarian". Megalithix.wordpress.com. 19 November 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ " Todmorden
Todmorden
Library". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "Search Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 2 February 2017. * ^ Hindley, Charles (1871). "Execution and Confession of Miles Weatherhill, The Young Weaver, and his Sweetheart, Sarah Bell". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 13 September 2007. * ^ "The Murder At Todmorden
Todmorden
Parsonage". News. The Times
The Times
(26064). London. 5 March 1868. col A, p. 12. * ^ "Northern Circuit. Manchester, 13 March., The Todmorden Murders". Law. The Times
The Times
(26072). London. 14 March 1868. p. 11. * ^ "Executions. Manchester". News. The Times
The Times
(26091). London. 6 April 1868. col D, p. 10. * ^ Survivor! The Summit Tunnel. Parry, K. ISBN 0-948287-00-4 * ^ A B "U.F.O. In Todmorden
Todmorden
Part 2.Alien Abduction". YouTube. 1 August 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ " BBC
BBC
Inside Out – Alien abduction claims in Yorkshire". BBC. 3 February 2003. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ "Adamski case still fascinates". Todmorden
Todmorden
News. 13 February 2006. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ A B C Paull, John (2013) "Please Pick Me" – How Incredible Edible Todmorden
Todmorden
is repurposing the commons for open source food and agricultural biodiversity, In J. Franzo, D. Hunter, T. Borelli & F. Mattei (Eds.). Diversifying Foods and Diets: Using Agricultural Biodiversity to Improve Nutrition and Health. Oxford: Earthscan, Routledge, pp.336–345. * ^ "Roses united": The Times
The Times
(Letters) 15 August 2009 * ^ Todmorden
Todmorden
ward profile * ^ Calder ward * ^ * ^ http://www.todmordencouncil.org.uk/councillors/ * ^ "index". Treesculptor.co.uk. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ "davidwynne.info". davidwynne.info. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~todmordenandwalsden/ww1memorial.htm * ^ "Sally Wainwright: My Yorkshire". Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Post . 13 June 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2014. * ^ BBC4 Costing the Earth: The New Diggers * ^ "Focus on - Todmorden". Halifax Courier. 10 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2016. * ^ "Todmorden". Lanchsire League. Retrieved 2 August 2016. * ^ Paul Collins, "Baboons Are Simply Too Small for Leopard Bait" (item 10), Slate, 4 August 2008. * ^ Carole Cadwalladr, "Journey\'s end for the guidebook gurus?", The Observer Travel, 7 October 2007. * ^ Hanson, Martyn. Hang on to a Dream – The Story of the Nice. Helter Skelter Publishing. ISBN 1-900924-43-9 . * ^ Todmorden
Todmorden
News, 11 July 2013 * ^ "The Shipman Enquiry". Retrieved 15 September 2007. * ^ "Abraham Ormerod Medical Centre". YouTube. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ "Shipman\'s 215 victims". BBC
BBC
News. 13 January 2004. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ Randles, Jenny (1983). Pennine UFO Mystery. HarperCollins . ISBN 978-0722189351 . * ^ "Policeman Probed FBI". Fortean Times . Retrieved 20 January 2014.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* W. F. H., Nicolaisen; Gelling, M.; Richards, M. (1970). The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain. B. T. Batsford Ltd. ISBN 0-7134-0113-3 .

FURTHER READING

* Birch, R. A Way of Life, E.J.Morton Publishers, 1972. ISBN 0-901598-58-5 * Birch, R. Todmorden
Todmorden
Album 4, The Woodlands Press, 2006. * Cass, E. The Pace-Egg Plays of the Calder Valley, London: FLS Books, 2004. * Heywood, M., Heywood, F. and Jennings, B. A History of Todmorden, Smith Settle Ltd, 1996. * Holden, J. A Short History of Todmorden, Manchester
Manchester
University Press, 1912. * Jennings, B. Pennine Valley: History of Upper Calderdale Dalesman Publishing Co Ltd, 1992. * Law, B. The Fieldens of Todmorden: A Nineteenth Century Business Dynasty, Littleborough: George Kelsall, I995. * MacDonald, M. The World From Rough Stones, Random House, 1975. (A novel set during the building of the Summit Tunnel). * Malcolm, F., and Heywood, F. Cloth Caps and Cricket Crazy, Upper Calder Valley Publications, 2004. * Paull, J., "Incredible Edible Todmorden: Eating the Street", Farming Matters, 2011, 27(3):28–29 * Wilkinson, R. Todmorden
Todmorden
Buses: A Century of Service, Nostalgia Road Publications, 2006 ISBN 1-903016-68-1 * Paull, J., Please pick me': How Incredible Edible Todmorden
Todmorden
is repurposing the commons for open source food and agricultural biodiversity. Case Study 10 in "Diversifying food and diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health"

EXTERNAL LINKS

Media related to Todmorden
Todmorden
at Wikimedia Commons