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(i) (i) (i)

TIVAOUANE or TIVAWAN (Wolof : Tiwaawan; French : Tivaouane) is a city located in the Thiès Region
Thiès Region
of Senegal
Senegal
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Administration * 3 Geography * 4 Population * 5 Economy * 6 Notes

* 7 See also

* 7.1 Bibliography

* 8 External links

HISTORY

Tivaouane
Tivaouane
was part of the Wolof kingdom of Cayor
Cayor
, and was at one time its capital. It was first described to Europeans in the 15th century by Venetian explorer Luigi Cada-Mosto .

In 1904, it was the fifth largest city in Sénégal after Saint-Louis , Dakar, Rufisque and Gorée
Gorée
.

It is also the capital of the Tijaniyya Sufi
Sufi
brotherhood. Each week, followers come to visit the tombs of religious leaders, especially that of El-Hadji Malick Sy . Visitors flock each year to celebrate the birth of the prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
in a festival called the Maouloud (or Gamou, in Wolof , a word borrowed from one of the Serer religious festivals).

The influence of the Muslim brotherhoods of Senegal
Senegal
helps to explain the dramatic demographic growth of the city, which had a population of less than 7900 in 1960. Mosque of Serigne Babacar Sy

In 2003, the mosque and zawia (Muslim school) of El-Hadji Malick Sy , the mosque of Serigne Babacar Sy and the railway station were added to the list of Senegalese historic monuments.

ADMINISTRATION

Tivaouane