Title 28 (Judiciary and Judicial Procedure) is the portion of the United States Code (federal statutory law) that governs the federal judicial system.
It is divided into six parts:
- Part I: Organization of Courts
- Part II: Department of Justice
- Part III: Court Officers and Employees
- Part IV: Jurisdiction and Venue
- Part V: Procedure
- Part VI: Particular Proceedings
Part I—Organization of Courts
The part establishes United States federal courts.
- Includes provisions setting the number of justices at 9 and defining a quorum as any 6, setting the terms of court, and determining salaries
- Includes provisions relating to the composition of circuits, the creation, composition and terms of courts, and the selection and employment conditions of judges
- Describes for each state the layout of districts, divisions etc; describes the creation and composition of courts and the selection and employment conditions of judges; provides for replacement of judges in cases of bias or prejudice
Part II—Department of Justice
The part establishes the United States Department of Justice.
Part III—Court Officers and Employees
Part IV—Jurisdiction and Venue
This part deals with jurisdiction and venue.
This part establishes criminal procedure and civil procedure for the federal courts. The Supreme Court, pursuant to the Rules Enabling Act and upon recommendations from the Judicial Conference of the United States, promulgates the more detailed Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure
Part VI—Particular Proceedings