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A title is a prefix or suffix added to someone's name in certain contexts. It may signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. In some languages, titles may be inserted between the first and last name (for example, Graf
Graf
in German, Cardinal in Catholic usage (Richard Cardinal Cushing) or clerical titles such as Archbishop). Some titles are hereditary.

Contents

1 Types 2 Titles in English-speaking areas

2.1 Legislative and executive titles 2.2 Aristocratic titles 2.3 Titles used by knights, dames, baronets and baronetesses 2.4 Judicial titles

2.4.1 Historical

2.5 Ecclesiastical titles (Christian)

2.5.1 Religious 2.5.2 Priests 2.5.3 Used for deceased persons only 2.5.4 Other

2.6 Academic titles 2.7 Military titles 2.8 Maritime & Seafarer's professions and ranks 2.9 Law Enforcement 2.10 Protected Professional Titles 2.11 Other Organizations

3 Non-English speaking areas

3.1 Default titles in other languages 3.2 Academic 3.3 Religious 3.4 Honorary titles 3.5 Rulers

3.5.1 Historical titles for heads of state

3.5.1.1 Appointed 3.5.1.2 Elected or popularly declared 3.5.1.3 Hereditary

3.6 Aristocratic

3.6.1 Historical

4 Fictional titles 5 Other

5.1 Historical

6 Post-nominal letters

6.1 University degrees

7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 Sources 11 External links 12 Section

Types[edit] Titles include:

Honorific
Honorific
titles or styles of address, a phrase used to convey respect to the recipient of a communication, or to recognize an attribute such as:

Nobility Academic degree Other accomplishment, as with a title of honor

Title
Title
of authority, an identifier that specifies the office or position held by an official

Titles in English-speaking areas[edit] The following titles are the default titles:

Mr. – Adult male (regardless of marital status) Mrs. – Adult females (usually just for married females, widows, and divorcées) Ms. – Adult females (Regardless of marital status) Miss
Miss
– Formal title for unmarried females and for female children Master – For male children: Young boys were formerly addressed as "Master [first name]." This was the standard form for servants to use in addressing their employer's minor sons. It is also the courtesy title for the eldest son of a Scottish laird. Maid – Archaic: When used as a title before a name (and not as a general term for a young domestic worker housemaid girl), this was a way to denote an unmarried woman, such as the character Maid Marian. Madam (also madame)

Aunt, Auntie, or Uncle may be used as titles by nieces and nephews, or by children to adults whom they know. Other titles are used for various reasons, such as to show aristocratic status or one's role in government, in a religious organization, or in a branch of the military. Legislative and executive titles[edit]

Hon. (Honourable) (for younger sons and daughters of barons) and. Rt. Hon. (Right Honourable) (for Privy Councillors), used in the United Kingdom

Some job titles of members of the legislature and executive are used as titles.

MP, for members of the Parliament MYP, for members of the UK Youth Parliament Representative Senator Speaker President
President
(from which comes such titles as Deputy President, Executive Vice President, Lord
Lord
President
President
of the Council, and Vice President) Councillor Alderman/Selectman Delegate Mayor
Mayor
and related terms such as Lady Mayoress and Lord
Lord
Mayor Governor
Governor
and Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Governor Prefect Prelate Premier Burgess Ambassador Envoy Secretary, Cardinal Secretary of State, Foreign Secretary, General Secretary, Secretary of State, and other titles in the form "Secretary of..." in which Secretary means the same thing as Minister Attaché Chargé d'affaires Provost

Aristocratic titles[edit] See also: Royal and noble ranks

Prince/ Princess
Princess
– From the Latin
Latin
princeps, meaning "first person" or "first citizen." The title was originally used by Augustus
Augustus
at the establishment of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
to avoid the political risk of assuming the title Rex ("King") in what was technically still a republic. In modern times, the title is often given to the sons and daughters of ruling monarchs. Also a title of certain ruling monarchs under the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and its subsidiary territories until 1918 (still survives in Liechtenstein, and also in Monaco
Monaco
although that is elsewhere), and in Imperial Russia
Imperial Russia
before 1917. The German title is Fürst
Fürst
("first"), a translation of the Latin
Latin
term;[A] the equivalent Russian term is князь (knyaz). Archduke/ Archduchess
Archduchess
– A title derived from the Greek Archon ("ruler; higher") and the Latin
Latin
Dux("leader"). It was used most notably by the Habsburg Dynasty
Habsburg Dynasty
that ruled Austria
Austria
and Hungary
Hungary
until 1918. Grand Duke/Grand Duchess. "Big; large" + Latin
Latin
Dux
Dux
(leader). A variant of "Archduke," used particularly in English translations Romanov Dynasty Russian titles. Also used in various Germanic territories until World War I. Still survives in Luxembourg. Duke
Duke
(the feminine equivalent is Duchess) from the Latin
Latin
Dux, a military title used in the Roman Empire, especially in its early Byzantine
Byzantine
period when it designated the military commander for a specific zone. Marquis
Marquis
or Marquess
Marquess
(the feminine equivalent is Marquise
Marquise
or Marchioness) from the French marchis, literally "ruler of a border area," (from Old French marche meaning "border"); exact English translation is "March Lord," or " Lord
Lord
of the March." Count
Count
(the feminine equivalent is Countess) from the Latin
Latin
comes meaning "companion." The word was used by the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in its Byzantine
Byzantine
period as an honorific with a meaning roughly equivalent to modern English "peer." It became the title of those who commanded field armies in the Empire, as opposed to "Dux" which commanded locally based forces. Earl
Earl
(used in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
instead of Count, but the feminine equivalent is Countess) From the Germanic jarl, meaning "chieftain," the title was brought to the British Isles by the Anglo-Saxons and survives in use only there, having been superseded in Scandinavia and on the European continent. Viscount
Viscount
(feminine equivalent is Viscountess) From the Latin
Latin
vicarius (Deputy; substitute. Hence "vicar" and prefix "vice-") appended to Latin
Latin
comes. Literally: "Deputy Count". Baron
Baron
(the feminine equivalent is Baroness) From the Late Latin
Latin
Baro, meaning "man, servant, soldier" the title originally designated the chief feudal tenant of a place, who was in vassalage to a greater lord.

In the United Kingdom, "Lord" and "Lady" are used as titles for members of the nobility. Unlike titles such as "Mr" and "Mrs", they are not used before first names except in certain circumstances, for example as courtesy titles for younger sons, etc., of peers. In Scotland
Scotland
" Lord
Lord
of Parliament" and " Lady
Lady
of Parliament" are the equivalents of Baron
Baron
and Baroness in England.

Lord
Lord
from Old English hlāford, hlāfweard, meaning, literally, “bread-keeper," from hlāf (“bread”) + weard (“guardian, keeper”) and by extension husband, father, or chief. (From which comes modified titles such as First Sea Lord
Lord
and Lord
Lord
of the Manor.) The feminine equivalent is Lady
Lady
from the related Old English hlǣfdīġe meaning, literally, “bread-kneader”, from hlāf (“bread”) + dīġe (“maid”), and by extension wife, daughter, or mistress of the house. (From which comes First Lady, the anachronistic Second Lady, etc.) Emperor/ Empress
Empress
– From the Latin
Latin
Imperator, meaning he/she who holds the authority to command (imperium). King/Queen – Derived from Old Norse/Germanic words. The original meaning of the root of "king" apparently meant "leader of the family" or "descendant of the leader of the family," and the original meaning of "queen," "wife." By the time the words came into English they already meant "ruler." Tsar/ Tsarina
Tsarina
(Tsaritsa) – Slavonic loan-word from Latin. Caesar: the name of Julius Caesar
Caesar
taken by his heir Augustus
Augustus
and thereafter by Augustus' successors as Roman Emperor
Emperor
through the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Germanic loan-word for Caesar
Caesar
is Kaiser. Leader – From Old English lædan, meaning "to guide", derived from Old Norse
Old Norse
and Germanic. The head of state of North Korea
North Korea
is titled Great Leader. The de facto head of state of Iran
Iran
is titled Supreme Leader. Chief - A variation of the English "Prince", used as the short form of the word "Chieftain" (except for in Scotland, where "Chieftain" is a title held by a titleholder subordinate to a chief). Generally used to refer to a recognised leader within a chieftaincy system. From this come the variations paramount chief, clan chief and village chief. The feminine equivalent is Chieftess.

Male
Male
version Female
Female
version Realm Adjective Latin Examples

Emperor Empress Empire Imperial

Imperial and Royal
Imperial and Royal
(Austria) Imperator
Imperator
(Imperatrix) Roman Empire, Byzantine
Byzantine
Empire, Ottoman Empire, Holy Roman Empire, Russia, First and Second French Empire, Austria, Mexican Empire, Empire
Empire
of Brazil, German Empire
Empire
(none left in Europe after 1918), Empress
Empress
of India
India
(ceased to be used after 1947 when India
India
was granted independence from the British Empire), Japan
Japan
(the only remaining enthroned emperor in the world).

King Queen Kingdom Royal Rex (Regina) Common in larger sovereign states

Viceroy Vicereine Viceroyalty Viceroyal Proconsul Historical: Spanish Empire
Empire
(Peru, New Spain, Rio de la Plata, New Granada), Portuguese Empire, (India, Brazil), British Empire

Grand Duke Grand Duchess Grand duchy Grand Ducal Magnus Dux Today: Luxembourg; historical: Lithuania, Baden, Finland, Tuscany et al.

Archduke Archduchess Archduchy Archducal Arci Dux Historical: Unique only in Austria, Archduchy
Archduchy
of Austria; title used for member of the Habsburg
Habsburg
dynasty

Prince Princess Principality, Princely state Princely Princeps Today: Monaco, Liechtenstein, Asturies, Wales;[1] Andorra (Co-Princes). Historical: Albania, Serbia

Duke Duchess Duchy Ducal Dux Duke
Duke
of Buccleuch, Duke
Duke
of York, Duke
Duke
of Devonshire et al.

Count Countess County Comital Comes Most common in the Holy Roman Empire, translated in German as Graf; historical: Portugal, Barcelona, Brandenburg, Baden, numerous others

Baron Baroness Barony Baronial Baro There are normal baronies and sovereign baronies, a sovereign barony can be compared with a principality, however, this is an historical exception; sovereign barons no longer have a sovereign barony, but only the title and style

Chief Chieftess Chieftaincy, Chiefdom

Chiefly Tribunus The clan chiefs of Scotland, the grand chiefs in the Papua New Guinean honours system, the chief of the Cherokee nation, the chiefs of the Nigerian traditional rulers, numerous others

Pope There is no formal feminine of Pope
Pope
(Popess) Note 1 Papacy Papal Papa Monarch
Monarch
of the Papal States
Papal States
and later Sovereign of the State of Vatican City

Popess The title of a character found in Tarot cards
Tarot cards
based upon the Pope
Pope
on the Roman Catholic Church. As the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome is an office always forbidden to women there is no formal feminine of Pope, which comes from the Latin
Latin
word papa (an affectionate form of the Latin
Latin
for father). The mythical Pope
Pope
Joan, who was reportedly a woman, is always referred to with the masculine title Pope, even when her female identity is known. Further, even if a woman were to become Bishop
Bishop
of Rome it is unclear if she would take the title Popess. A parallel might be drawn with the Anglican Communion, whose female clergy use the masculine titles of priest and bishop as opposed to priestess or bishopess. Nonetheless some European languages, along with English, have formed a feminine form of the word pope, such as the Italian papessa, the French papesse, and the German Päpstin.

Titles used by knights, dames, baronets and baronetesses[edit] These do not belong to the nobility.

Sir
Sir
– Used by knights and baronets Dame
Dame
– Used by dames and baronetesses

"Sir" and "Dame" differ from titles such as "Mr" and "Mrs" in that they can only be used before a person's first name, and not immediately before their surname.

Chevalier

Judicial titles[edit]

Advocate Advocate
Advocate
General
General
AG Attorney Bailiff Barrister Chancellor
Chancellor
C (of the High Court) Judge
Judge
and Admiralty Judge Justice J

Lord
Lord
Chief Justice CJ (of the judiciary) Lord
Lord
Justice Clerk Lord
Lord
Justice of Appeal LJ (of the Court of Appeal) Justice of the Peace

Magistrate
Magistrate
and Promagistrate Master of the Rolls MR (of the Court of Appeal) Member and Chairman, for members of quasi-judicial boards Mufti
Mufti
and Grand Mufti President
President
P (of the Queen's/ King's Bench Division) or President
President
P (of the Family Division)

Lord
Lord
President
President
of the Court of Session

Privy Counsellor (or Privy Councillor) PC (of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council) Queen's Counsel
Queen's Counsel
QC (King's Counsel KC when monarch is male) Solicitor

Historical[edit]

Lictor Reeve Seneschal Tribune

Ecclesiastical titles (Christian)[edit] Titles are used to show somebody's ordination as a priest or their membership in a religious order. Use of titles differs between denominations. Religious[edit]

Abbess Abbot Brother Sister Mother
Mother
Superior Friar Mother, Mother
Mother
Superior, and Reverend Mother

Priests[edit] Christian priests often have their names prefixed with a title similar to The Reverend.

Bishop
Bishop
(from which come Archbishop, Boy Bishop, Lord
Lord
Archbishop, Metropolitan Bishop, and Prince
Prince
Bishop) Presbyter Priest
Priest
(from which comes High Priest. The feminine equivalent is Priestess.) Father (Fr.) Patriarch Pope Catholicos Vicar Chaplain Canon Pastor Prelate Primate Dom – (from Latin: Dominus, "Lord") Used for Benedictine monks in solemn religious vows, but reserved for abbots among the Trappists. In Brazil, it is used for bishops. Cardinal Ter (title) – Used by Armenian priests.

Used for deceased persons only[edit]

Servant of God Venerable Blessed Saint
Saint
(abbreviated S. or St.)

Other[edit]

Christ
Christ
– Greek translation of Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (or Messiah), commonly used to refer to Jesus of Nazareth Deacon
Deacon
and Archdeacon Acolyte Dean Elder Minister Monsignor President
President
(in The Church of Jesus Christ
Christ
of Latter-day Saints) Reader Almoner
Almoner
and Lord
Lord
High Almoner
Almoner
(Christian) Apostle Prophet Teacher Seventy Evangelist High Priest

Academic titles[edit] Main article: Titles in academia

Dr. – Short for doctor, a title used by those with doctoral degrees, such as DPhil, MD, DO, PhD, DBA EdD, PharmD and LLD. Those with JD degrees do not use this as a title. Prof. – Professor

Military titles[edit] Military ranks are used before names.

Admiral
Admiral
(from which come Grand Admiral, Lord
Lord
High Admiral, Rear Admiral, and Vice Admiral) Brigadier Captain (from which comes Group Captain) Colonel
Colonel
(from which comes Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Colonel) Commander
Commander
(from which come Commander-in-Chief, Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Commander, and Wing Commander) Commodore (from which comes Air Commodore) Corporal
Corporal
(from which come Lance Corporal
Corporal
and Staff Corporal) General
General
is usually used as a sort of shorthand for "general military commander". The term's far-reaching connotation has provoked its use in a very broad range of titles, including Adjutant General, Attorney General, Captain General, Colonel
Colonel
General, Director General, Generalissimo, General
General
of the Army, Governor
Governor
General, Lieutenant General, Lord
Lord
Justice General, Major
Major
General, Resident General, Secretary General, Solicitor
Solicitor
General, Surgeon General
General
and Vicar General Lieutenant
Lieutenant
(from which come First Lieutenant, Flight Lieutenant
Lieutenant
and Lord
Lord
Lieutenant) Major Marshal
Marshal
(from which comes Air Chief Marshal, Air Marshal, Air Vice Marshal
Marshal
and Field Marshal) Mate, more often titled as Chief Mate
Chief Mate
or First Mate Officer, a generic sort of title whose use has spread in recent years into a wide array of mostly corporate and military titles. These include Air Officer, Chief Academic Officer, Chief analytics officer, Chief Business Development Officer, Chief Credit Officer, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Information Officer, Chief Information Security Officer, Chief Knowledge Officer, Chief Marketing Officer, Chief Operating Officer, Chief Petty Officer, Chief Risk Officer, Chief Security Officer, Chief Strategy Officer, Chief Technical Officer, Chief Warrant Officer, Corporate officer, Customs officer, Field officer, First Officer, Flag Officer, Flying Officer, General
General
Officer, Intelligence Officer, Junior Warrant Officer, Master Chief Petty Officer, Master Warrant Officer, Officer of State, Petty Officer, Pilot Officer, Police Officer, Political Officer, Revenue Officer, Senior Officer, Ship's Officer, Staff Officer, and Warrant Officer. Private – and many equivalent ranks depending on regiment Sergeant
Sergeant
(from which come Sergeant
Sergeant
at Mace and Sergeant
Sergeant
of Arms

Maritime & Seafarer's professions and ranks[edit] The names of shipboard officers, certain shipping line employees and Maritime Academy faculty/staff are preceded by their title when acting in performance of their duties.

Captain (nautical)
Captain (nautical)
ship's highest responsible officer acting on behalf of the ship's owner (Master) or a person who is responsible for the maintenance of the vessels of a shipping line, for their docking, the handling of cargo and for the hiring of personnel for deck departments (Port Captain). Chief- a licensed mariner in charge of the engineering (Chief Engineer) or deck ( Chief Mate
Chief Mate
or Officer) department Mate- licensed member of the deck department of a merchant ship (see Second Mate
Second Mate
& Third Mate) Cadet
Cadet
unlicensed trainee mate/officer or engineer under training

Law Enforcement[edit] The names of police officers may be preceded by a title such as "Officer" or by their rank.

Constable
Constable
(from which come Lord
Lord
High Constable
Constable
and Senior Constable) Agent

Protected Professional Titles[edit] In North America, several jurisdictions restrict the use of some professional titles to those individuals holding a valid and recognised license to practice. Individuals not authorised to use these reserved titles may be fined or jailed. Protected titles are often reserved to those professions that require a bachelor's degree[2] or higher and a state, provincial, or national license.

Professional Engineer, Registered Engineer[3] Professional Nurse, Registered Nurse, Nurse[4]

Other Organizations[edit] Some titles are used to show one's role or position in a society or organization.

Principal Nanny Coach may be used before a name Wizard, such as the Grand Wizard and Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan Brother
Brother
or Sister Chief Scout (The Scout Association), the head of The Scout Association, Queen's Scout
Queen's Scout
title conferred upon a scout upon achieving highest attainable award achievable in the Scouting movement Queen's Guide title conferred upon a guide upon highest attainable award for members of the Girl Guiding movement Scout, Eagle Scout

Some titles are used in English to refer to the position of people in foreign political systems

Citizen, First Citizen Comrade

Non-English speaking areas[edit] Default titles in other languages[edit] See also: Mrs. § Non-English equivalents, and Mr. § Foreign equivalents

French German Dutch Spanish Hindi Italian Swedish (see note) Portuguese

Male Monsieur Herr Meneer Señor Śrīmān/Śrī Signor Herr Senhor

Female Madame Frau Mevrouw Señora Śrīmatī Signora Fru Senhora

Unmarried female Mademoiselle Fräulein Juffrouw/Mejuffrouw Señorita Suśrī Signorina Fröken Senhorita

Note: Titles are seldom used in Sweden; people are usually referred to by their first name

Academic[edit]

Docent Doctorandus, abbreviated as drs.

Religious[edit]

Lama
Lama
and the related Dalai Lama
Lama
and Panchen Lama Druid
Druid
and Archdruid Rabbi Rebbe Hakham Buddha Ayatollah Imam Bodhisattva Mullah Kohen Nath Mahdi Rosh HaYeshiva Saoshyant Tirthankar Vardapet Pastor

Honorary titles[edit]

Mahatma Pandit Swami Ustad Sheikh

Rulers[edit] See also: Royal and noble ranks

Chancellor
Chancellor
(from which come Lord
Lord
Chancellor
Chancellor
and Vice-Chancellor) "Dear Leader" and "Supreme Leader" referred to Kim Jong-il
Kim Jong-il
as chief of North Korea. The title now refers to his son and successor Kim Jong-un. (친애하는 지도자, ch'inaehanŭn jidoja) Elder Emir/Emira – Arabic Prince/Princess Eze Maharajah/Maharani Dato Mwami Nizam Oba Obi Sultan/ Sultana (title) – Arabic for "powerful ruler" Tor Tiv of Tiv Chief – origin of Chief of Staff, Chieftain, Clan Chief, Hereditary Chief, and War Chief. The present head of Samoa
Samoa
is titled a Paramount Chief Vizier
Vizier
and Grand Vizier

Historical titles for heads of state[edit] The following are no longer officially in use, though some may be claimed by former regnal dynasties. Appointed[edit]

Caesar
Caesar
(an honorific family name passed through Roman emperors by adoption) Legate Satrap Tetrarch

Elected or popularly declared[edit]

Archon Caudillo Consul Decemvir Doge Duce Führer Imperator Lord
Lord
Protector Roman dictator Triumvir

Hereditary[edit]

Basileus Caliph Mikado Khagan Khan King- Emperor
Emperor
(The feminine equivalent is Queen-Empress) Malik Mirza Nawab Negus Patil Pharaoh Regina (the masculine form is Rex) Saopha Sapa Inca Shah Tsar

When a difference exists below, male titles are placed to the left and female titles are placed to the right of the slash.

Africa

Almamy – Fulani
Fulani
people of west Africa Asantehene – Ashanti, title of the King
King
of the Ashanti People in Ghana Eze Igbo people
Igbo people
of Nigeria Kabaka – Baganda
Baganda
people of Buganda in Uganda Mwami – Kings of Rwanda
Rwanda
and Burundi Negus
Negus
– Ethiopia Oba – Yoruba people
Yoruba people
of Nigeria Omukama – Bunyoro, title of some Emperors/kings in Uganda Pharaoh
Pharaoh
– ancient Egypt

Asia

Arasan/Arasi – Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
(India), Sri
Sri
Lanka Arqa/Thagavor – King
King
of Armenia Bayin – The title given to the king of pre colonial Burma Chakrawarti Raja
Raja
India
India
Sri
Sri
Lanka Chogyal
Chogyal
— "Divine Ruler" — ruled Sikkim until 1975 Datu
Datu
– pre-colonial Philippines Druk Gyalpo
Druk Gyalpo
— hereditary title given to the king of Bhutan Engku or Ungku – Malaysia, to denote particular family lineage akin to royalty

Hari
Hari
– Filipino title for king Hoang De – Self-styled Vietnamese "emperor"; unified Vietnam

Huángdì – Imperial China
China
(Emperor)

Hwangje – Self-styled Korean "emperor"; states that unified Korea

Maha raja/feminine form is Maharani
Maharani
– Emperor, Empress
Empress
India, Sri Lanka Meurah – Aceh
Aceh
before Islam Mirza, Persian/Iranian, Indian and Afghanistan and Tajikistan King

Beg ( Begzada
Begzada
or Begzadi, son-daughter of Beg), Baig
Baig
or Bey in Under Mirza
Mirza
& using King
King
or Military title.

Patil – meaning "head" or "chief" is an Indian title. The Patil is in effect the ruler of this territory as he was entitled to the revenues collected therefrom. Phrabat Somdej Phrachaoyuhua – King
King
of Thailand (Siam), the title literally means "The feet of the Greatest Lord
Lord
who is on the heads (of his subjects)" (This royal title does not refer directly to the king himself but to his feet, according to traditions.)

Racha
Racha
– Thailand, same meaning as Raja Raja
Raja
– pre-colonial Philippines Raja
Raja
– Malaysia, Raja
Raja
denotes royalty in Perak and certain Selangor royal family lineages, is roughly equivalent to Prince
Prince
or Princess Raja/Rani – Nepal King Rani – Nepali Queen

Patabenda – Sub- king Sri
Sri
lanka Preah Karuna Preah Bat Sâmdech Preah Bâromneath – King
King
of Cambodia Khmer, the title literally means "The feet of the Greatest Lord
Lord
who is on the heads (of his subjects)" (This royal title doesn't refer directly to the king himself but to his feet, according to traditions.) Qaghan
Qaghan
– Central Asian Tribes Saopha
Saopha
– Shan, king of Shan, today as a part of Myanmar Shahinshah
Shahinshah
or Padshah
Padshah
or Badshah- Persian/Iranian " King
King
of Kings" or Persian rulers in Hindustan(India)

Shah
Shah
– Persian/Iranian and Afghanistan and Tajikistan King

Sheikh
Sheikh
– Arabic traditional regional leader, principalities of (Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE) Sultan/Sultana – Arabic King
King
(present Oman
Oman
and former Ottoman Empire)

Aceh, Brunei, Java, Oman, Malaysia, Sultan
Sultan
is the title of seven (Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor, and Terengganu) of the nine rulers of the Malay states.

Susuhanan – the Indonesian princely state of Surakarta until its abolition Syed
Syed
– Islamic World, descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad Tennō or Mikado – Japan

Shōgun
Shōgun
– Japanese military dictator Sumeramikoto, Okimi – Japan, king

Tengku
Tengku
– Malaysia, Indonesia, Tengku
Tengku
(also spelled Tunku in Johor, Negeri Sembilan, Kedah and Deli Sultanate of Indonesia
Indonesia
is roughly equivalent to Prince
Prince
or Princess Veyndhan, ko/Arasi – Tamil Nadu(India) Wang (King) – pre-Imperial China. In China, "king" is the usual translation for the term wang 王.

Wang – States of Korea that did not have control over the entire peninsula. Vuong – States in Vietnam that did not control the entire realm.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Monarch
Monarch
of Malaysia, elected each five years among the reigning Sultan
Sultan
of each Malaysian state

Europe

Autocrator
Autocrator
Greek term for the Byzantine
Byzantine
Emperor Basileus
Basileus
– Greek ruler Despot, a Byzantine
Byzantine
court title, also granted in the states under Byzantine
Byzantine
influence, such as the Latin
Latin
Empire, Bulgaria, Serbia, and the Empire
Empire
of Trebizond. Domn
Domn
(in Romanian) /Gospodar (in Old Slavonian) – Medieval Romania (Moldova, Wallachia) Fejedelem – Ancient/Medieval Hungarian Germanic king Großbürger/Großbürgerin (English: Grand Burgher) – historical German title acquired or inherited by persons and family descendants of the ruling class in autonomous German-speaking cities and towns of Central Europe, origin under the Holy Roman Empire, ceased after 1919 along with all titles of German nobility. Kaiser
Kaiser
– Imperial Germany Kniaz'/Knyaginya/Knez/Knjeginja (generally translated as "prince") – Kievan Rus'/Serbia Kunigaikshtis
Kunigaikshtis
(Kunigaikštis) – Lithuanian, duke as in Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Rí, túaithe, Ruiri, ruireach, and Ard – King, local king, regional overking, (provincial) king of overkings, and High King in Gaelic Ireland, also Scotland Tsar/ Tsarina
Tsarina
– the ruler of Imperial Russia Tsar/Tsaritsa – Bulgaria, pre-imperial Russia, Serbia Vezér – Ancient Hungarian Vojvoda (Serbian)/Vajda (Hungarian) – Serbian/Hungarian/Romany Title Župan sometimes Veliki Župan (Grand Župan) – Serbia, Croatia

Oceania

Chieftain
Chieftain
– Leader of a tribe or clan. houʻeiki, matai, aliʻi, tūlafale, tavana, ariki – usually translated as "chief" in various Polynesian countries. "Mo'i", normally translated as King, is a title used by Hawaiian monarchs since unification in 1810. The last person to hold that title was Queen Lili'uokalani.[citation needed] Tuʻi or tui – there were/are also kings in Oceania (i.e. Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, Nauru)

Aristocratic[edit] See also: Royal and noble ranks Historical[edit] Russian:

Boyarin Dyak Knyaz
Knyaz
(and Veliky Knyaz) Namestnik Okolnichy Posadnik Voyevoda

German:

Burggraf Graf Freigraf Landgraf Markgraf Pfalzgraf Reichsgraf

Spanish:

Don Hidalgo

others

Augusta (Feminine equivalent of Augustus) Bitwoded
Bitwoded
(translates as Beloved) Comes Concubine
Concubine
(The Chinese imperial system, for instance, had a vastly complex hierarchy of titled concubines and wives to the emperor) Dejazmach
Dejazmach
(translates as Commander
Commander
of the Gate) Fitawrari
Fitawrari
(translates as Leader of the Vanguard) Gentleman
Gentleman
(used as a title is such forms as Gentleman
Gentleman
at Arms, Gentleman
Gentleman
of the Bedchamber, and Gentleman
Gentleman
Usher. The feminine equivalent is Gentlewoman, or, in some circumstances, Lady.) Gerazmach
Gerazmach
(translates as Commander
Commander
of the Left) Kenyazmach
Kenyazmach
(translates as Commander
Commander
of the Right) Ras (which translates as Head) Sahib

Fictional titles[edit]

Aes Sedai Alpha Anarch Asha'man Darth Dominar Domm Khal (male)/ Khaleesi
Khaleesi
(female) (Grand) Moff Pendragon Ser Tisroc Valeyard

Other[edit]

Commissioner (from which come First Church Estates Commissioner and High Commissioner) Comptroller (from which Comptroller General
General
and Comptroller of the Household) Courtier Curator Doyen Edohen Ekegbian Elerunwon Forester
Forester
or Master Forester Gentiluomo Headman Intendant
Intendant
(and the related Superintendent) Lamido Marcher
Marcher
or Lady
Lady
Marcher Matriarch
Matriarch
or Patriarch Prior, Lord
Lord
Prior Pursuivant Rangatira Ranger Registrar (in a variant spelling in the title Lord
Lord
Clerk Register) Seigneur (from which come Monsignor
Monsignor
and the French common polite term Monsieur, equivalent to Mister) Sharif Shehu Sheikh Sheriff (from which comes High Sheriff) Subaltern Subedar Sysselmann Timi Treasurer, Master Treasurer
Treasurer
and Secretary Treasurer Verderer Warden, Hereditary Warden, Lord
Lord
Warden Woodman Bearer, such as Hereditary Banner Bearer, Standard Bearer, or Swordbearer Sayyid Apprentice Journeyman Adept Akhoond Arhat Bwana Goodman and Goodwife Grand Bard Hajji Mullah Sri Baba Effendi Giani or Gyani Guru Siddha Pir, Murshid

Historical[edit]

Abuna Aedile Ali'i Aqabe sa'at (translates as Guardian of the Church Hours) Balambaras
Balambaras
(translates as Fortress Commander) Ban Baig Bey Boyar Castellan Cellarer Censor Centurion Circuitor Commissar, often as People's Commissar Conquistadore Daimyō Dey Dux Elector Gauleiter Guardian Ichege Infirmerer Inquisitor
Inquisitor
and Grand Inquisitor Jemadar Kitchener Mage Magister Militum Majordomo Margrave Naib Officium Pasha Palatine (Ancient Rome, the Roman Catholic Church, Hungary, etc.) Pontiff and Pontifex Maximus Praetor Prebendary Quaestor Sacrist Samurai Shōgun Stadtholder Steward Thakore Voivode Viceroy
Viceroy
(the feminine equivalent is Vicereine)

Post-nominal letters[edit] Members of legislatures often have post-nominal letters expressing this:

Member of Congress
Congress
MC Member of Parliament MP

Member of the European Parliament
Member of the European Parliament
MEP Member of the Scottish Parliament
Member of the Scottish Parliament
MSP Member of Provincial Parliament MPP Member of the National Assembly MNA Member of the House of Keys
House of Keys
MHK

Speaker of the House of Keys
House of Keys
SHK

Member of the Legislative Council MLC Member of the Legislative Assembly MLA Member of the House of Representatives Member of the House of Assembly

University degrees[edit]

Associate

AA – Associate of Arts AAS – Associate of Applied Science AS – Associate of Science

Bachelor

BA – Bachelor of Arts BArch – Bachelor of Architecture BBA – Bachelor of Business Administration BSBA – Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
of Business Administration BBiotech – Bachelor of Biotechnology BDS / BChD – Bachelor of Dental Surgery BDentTech – Bachelor of Dental Technology BDes – Bachelor of Design BD / BDiv – Bachelor of Divinity BEd – Bachelor of Education BEng – Bachelor of Engineering BEnvd – Bachelor of Environmental Design BFA – Bachelor of Fine Arts LLB – Bachelor of Laws BMath – Bachelor of Mathematics MB, ChB / MB, BS / BM, BCh / MB, BChir – Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery BMus – Bachelor of Music BN – Bachelor of Nursing BPhil – Bachelor of Philosophy STB – Bachelor of Sacred Theology BSc – Bachelor of Science BSN – Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
in Nursing BSW-Bachelor of Social Work BTh / ThB – Bachelor of Theology BVSc – Bachelor of Veterinary Science

Designer [Dz] Doctor

DA – Doctor of Arts DBA – Doctor of Business Administration D.D. – Doctor of Divinity Ed.D. – Doctor of Education EngD or DEng – Doctor of Engineering DFA – Doctor of Fine Arts DMA – Doctor of Musical Arts D.Min. – Doctor of Ministry D.Mus. – Doctor of Music D.Prof – Doctor of Professional Studies DPA – Doctor of Public Administration D.Sc. – Doctor of Science JD – Doctor of Jurisprudence LL.D. – Doctor of Laws MD – Doctor of Medicine DO – Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine Pharm.D. – Doctor of Pharmacy Ph.D. / D.Phil. – Doctor of Philosophy PsyD – Doctor of Psychology Th.D. – Doctor of Theology Doctorates within the field of medicine:

DC DDS – Doctor of Dental Surgery DMD – Doctor of Dental Medicine O.D. DPT DPM DVM

Master

MArch – Master of Architecture MA – Master of Arts MAL – Master of Liberal Arts MBA – Master of Business Administration MPA – Master of Public Administration MPS – Master of Public Service MPl – Master of Planning MChem – Master in Chemistry MC – Master of Counselling M. Des – Master of Design MDiv – Master of Divinity MDrama – Master of Drama MDS – Master of Dental Surgery MEd – Master of Education MET – Master of Educational Technology MEng – Master of Engineering MFA – Master of Fine Arts MHA – Master of Healthcare Administration MHist – Master of History MLitt - Master of Letters LL.M. – Master of Law MLA – Master of Landscape Architecture MMath – Master of Mathematics MPhil – Master of Philosophy MRes – Master of Research MSc – Master of Science MScBMC – Master of Biomedical Communications MPhys – Master of Physics MPharm – Master of Pharmacy MPH – Master of Public Health MSE – Master of Science
Master of Science
in Engineering MSRE – Master of Science
Master of Science
in Real Estate MSW – Master of Social Work Magister – Magister S.T.M. – Master of Sacred Theology ThM – Master of Theology MURP – Master of Urban and Regional Planning

See also[edit]

Byzantine
Byzantine
aristocracy and bureaucracy Corporate title Ethiopian aristocratic and religious titles False titles of nobility Hereditary title Honorific Index of religious honorifics and titles List of titles Military rank Nobility Peerage Political institutions of Rome Post-nominal letters Pre-nominal letters Royal and noble ranks Royal and noble styles Suffix (name) Style (manner of address) Title
Title
of honor

Notes[edit]

^ from Old High German
Old High German
furisto, "the first", a translation of the Latin
Latin
princeps

References[edit]

^ Prince
Prince
of Wales
Wales
is a title granted, following an investiture, to the eldest son of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
– he is not a monarch in his own right. ^ "'IOM Nursing Educational Recommendations 2010'".  ^ "'ieee usa policy Engineer title'" (PDF).  ^ "'Nurse Title
Title
Protection Language by State'". 

Sources[edit]

African Kings by Daniel Lainé Keepers of the Kingdom by Alastair Bruce, Julian Calder, and Mark Cator Master and Commander, film directed by Peter Weir

External links[edit]

Look up title in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

v t e

English social honorific titles

Feminine

Mrs. Miss Ms. Mistress Madam Dame Lady

Masculine

Mr. Master Esquire Sir Sire Lord

Neutral

Mx Dr

Section[edit] This is rando

.