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TISHREI (/ˈtɪʃreɪ/ or TISHRI /ˈtɪʃriː/ ; Hebrew : תִּשְׁרֵי‎ tishré or תִּשְׁרִי‎ tishrí); from Akkadian tašrītu "Beginning", from šurrû "To begin") is the first month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan
Nisan
) in the Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
. The name of the month is Babylonian. It is an autumn month of 30 days. Tishrei
Tishrei
usually occurs in September–October on the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
.

In the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
, before the Babylonian Exile
Babylonian Exile
, the month is called ETHANIM (Hebrew : אֵתָנִים‎ - 1 Kings 8:2).

Edwin R. Thiele has concluded, in The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings , that the ancient Kingdom of Judah
Kingdom of Judah
counted years using the civil year starting in Tishrei, while the Kingdom of Israel counted years using the ecclesiastical new year starting in Nisan
Nisan
. Tishrei
Tishrei
is the month used for the counting of the epoch year - i.e., the count of the year is incremented on 1 Tishrei.

CONTENTS

* 1 Holidays in Tishrei
Tishrei
* 2 Tishrei
Tishrei
in Jewish history and tradition * 3 Other uses * 4 References

HOLIDAYS IN TISHREI

1-2 TISHREI - Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah

3 TISHREI - Tzom Gedaliah – (Fast Day) - On Tishrei
Tishrei
4 when Tishrei 3 is Shabbat
Shabbat

9 TISHREI - Erev Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur

10 TISHREI - Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
– (Fast Day)

15–21 TISHREI - Sukkot
Sukkot
/Sukkos 21 TISHREI - Hoshanah Rabbah

22 TISHREI (AND 23 OUTSIDE OF ISRAEL) - Shemini Atzeret
Shemini Atzeret
/Atzeres & Simchat Torah /Simchas Torah

TISHREI IN JEWISH HISTORY AND TRADITION

* 1 TISHREI (circa . 3760 BC) - Adam now a fast day . (According to many opinions, the assassination actually occurred on Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
, but the commemoration of the event is postponed to the day after the festival). * 4 TISHREI (1683 AD) - King Louis XIV expelled the Jews from all French territories in America. * 5 TISHREI (134 AD) - Rabbi Akiva
Rabbi Akiva
tortured and executed. * 6 TISHREI (1939 AD) - The Wehrmacht murdered 100 Jews in Lukov, Poland, Hy"d. * 7 TISHREI (circa 1313 BC) - Taanit tzaddikim (Orach Chaim 5580:2) commemorating Hashem's decree that the Dor Hamidbar die in the wilderness because of the sin of the Eigel HaZahav / Golden Calf (according to some, (Kol-bo and others), the event took place one day earlier, on 6 Tishrei). * 8 TISHREI (circa 826 BC) - 14-day dedication of Solomon
Solomon
's Temple begins. * 9 TISHREI (123 AD) - Death of the Tanna R' Elazar ben Rab' Shimon. * 10 TISHREI (circa 1313 BC) - Moses
Moses
returns from a final trip to Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
, bearing a second set of tablets and a message of forgiveness for the Golden Calf
Golden Calf
. * 11 TISHREI - The Baal Shem Tov writes that the day after Yom Kippur is an even greater holiday than Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
itself, a day called "Bshem HaShem" or in Yiddish "Gott's Nomen", literally "The Name of G-d". * 16 TISHREI (1349 AD) - The Jewish population of Krems, Germany
Germany
, was massacred in the Black Death riots. * 25 TISHREI (1809 AD) - Death of Rabbi Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev

This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

OTHER USES

Main article: Arabic names of calendar months

* Tishrīn (Arabic : تشرين‎‎) is the name of two Gregorian months in the Levant:

* Tishrīn al-Awwal (Arabic: تشرين الأول, literally "First Tishrin"): October. The 1973 Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
War is generally known by the name Ḥarb Tishrīn ("October War") in Syria
Syria
and Lebanon
Lebanon
, and among the Palestinians , following the Arab custom of naming the Arab-Israeli wars by months or years. * Tishrīn al-Thāni (Arabic: تشرين الثاني, literally "Second Tishrin"): November.

REFERENCES

* Resources on the Month of Tishrei * This Month in Jewish History

* v * t * e

Jewish and Israeli holidays and observances

Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
and observances

SHABBAT

* Shabbat
Shabbat

HIGH HOLY DAYS

* Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
* Fast of Gedalia * Ten Days of Repentance * Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur

Three Pilgrimage Festivals

* Passover
Passover
* Fast of the Firstborn * Pesach Sheni

* Shavuot

* Sukkot
Sukkot
* Hoshana Rabbah
Hoshana Rabbah
* Shemini Atzeret
Shemini Atzeret
* Simchat Torah

* Yom tov sheni shel galuyot * Chol HaMoed
Chol HaMoed
* Isru chag

* Rosh Chodesh * Hanukkah
Hanukkah
* Tenth of Tevet * Tu BiShvat
Tu BiShvat
* Fast of Esther * Purim
Purim
* Purim
Purim
Katan * Counting of the Omer * Lag BaOmer
Lag BaOmer
* 17th of Tammuz * The Three Weeks * The Nine Days * Tisha B\'Av * Tu B\'Av * Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
LaBehema

Holidays / memorial days of the State of Israel
State of Israel

* Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day) * Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day) * Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day) * Yom Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Day) * Yom HaAliyah (Aliyah Day)

ETHNIC MINORITY HOLIDAYS

* Mimouna
Mimouna
* Seharane * Sigd
Sigd

HEBREW CALENDAR MONTHS

* Tishrei * Cheshvan
Cheshvan
* Kislev * Tevet * Shevat * Adar and Adar Sheni * Nisan
Nisan
* Iyar
Iyar
* Sivan
Sivan
* Tammuz * Av * Elul

* Jewish and Israeli holidays 20

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