Tishrei (/ˈtɪʃreɪ/ or Tishri /ˈtɪʃriː/; Hebrew:
תִּשְׁרֵי tishré or תִּשְׁרִי tishrí); from
Akkadian tašrītu "Beginning", from šurrû "To begin") is the first
month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the seventh
month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan) in the
Hebrew calendar. The name of the month is Babylonian. It is an autumn
month of 30 days.
Tishrei usually occurs in September–October on the
In the Hebrew Bible, before the Babylonian Exile, the month is called
Ethanim (Hebrew: אֵתָנִים - 1 Kings 8:2).
Edwin R. Thiele
Edwin R. Thiele has concluded, in The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew
Kings, that the ancient
Kingdom of Judah
Kingdom of Judah counted years using the civil
year starting in Tishrei, while the Kingdom of Israel counted years
using the ecclesiastical new year starting in Nisan.
Tishrei is the
month used for the counting of the epoch year - i.e., the count of the
year is incremented on 1 Tishrei.
1 Holidays in Tishrei
Tishrei in Jewish history and tradition
3 Other uses
Holidays in Tishrei
Tishrei - Rosh Hashanah
Tishrei - Tzom
Gedaliah – (Fast Day) - On
Tishrei 4 when
Tishrei - Erev Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur – (Fast Day)
Tishrei - Sukkot/Sukkos
Tishrei - Hoshanah Rabbah
Tishrei (and 23 outside of Israel) - Shemini Atzeret/Atzeres &
Simchat Torah/Simchas Torah
Tishrei in Jewish history and tradition
Tishrei (circa. 3760 BC) - Adam & Eve were created, according to
one opinion in the Talmud.
Tishrei (1923 AD) -
Daf Yomi study regimen is launched.
Tishrei (1659 AD) - HaRav Tuvya and HaRav Yisroel were murdered in a
blood libel in Razino.
Tishrei (circa 582 BC) - Assassination of Gedaliah; now a fast day.
(According to many opinions, the assassination actually occurred on
Rosh Hashanah, but the commemoration of the event is postponed to the
day after the festival).
Tishrei (1683 AD) - King Louis XIV expelled the Jews from all French
territories in America.
Tishrei (134 AD) -
Rabbi Akiva tortured and executed.
Tishrei (1939 AD) - The Wehrmacht murdered 100 Jews in Lukov,
Tishrei (circa 1313 BC) - Taanit tzaddikim (Orach Chaim 5580:2)
commemorating Hashem's decree that the Dor Hamidbar die in the
wilderness because of the sin of the Eigel HaZahav / Golden Calf
(according to some, (Kol-bo and others), the event took place one day
earlier, on 6 Tishrei).
Tishrei (circa 826 BC) - 14-day dedication of Solomon's Temple
Tishrei (123 AD) - Death of the Tanna R' Elazar ben Rab' Shimon.
Tishrei (circa 1313 BC) -
Moses returns from a final trip to Mount
Sinai, bearing a second set of tablets and a message of forgiveness
for the Golden Calf.
Tishrei - The
Baal Shem Tov
Baal Shem Tov writes that the day after
Yom Kippur is
an even greater holiday than
Yom Kippur itself, a day called "Bshem
HaShem" or in Yiddish "Gott's Nomen", literally "The Name of G-d".
Tishrei (1349 AD) - The Jewish population of Krems, Germany, was
massacred in the Black Death riots.
Tishrei (1809 AD) - Death of Rabbi Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
Main article: Arabic names of calendar months
Tishrīn (Arabic: تشرين) is the name of two Gregorian months
in the Levant:
Tishrīn al-Awwal (Arabic: تشرين الأول, literally "First
Tishrin"): October. The 1973
Yom Kippur War is generally known by the
name Ḥarb Tishrīn ("October War") in
Syria and Lebanon, and among
the Palestinians, following the Arab custom of naming the Arab-Israeli
wars by months or years.
Tishrīn al-Thāni (Arabic: تشرين الثاني, literally "Second
Resources on the Month of Tishrei
This Month in Jewish History
Jewish and Israeli holidays and observances
Jewish holidays and
High Holy Days
Fast of Gedalia
Ten Days of Repentance
Fast of the Firstborn
Yom tov sheni shel galuyot
Tenth of Tevet
Fast of Esther
Counting of the Omer
17th of Tammuz
The Three Weeks
The Nine Days
Rosh Hashanah LaBehema
Holidays / memorial days
of the State of Israel
Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day)
Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day)
Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day)
Yom Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Day)
Yom HaAliyah (Aliyah Day)
Ethnic minority holidays
Hebrew calendar months
Jewish and Israeli ho