HOME
The Info List - Tirupati





Tirupati
Tirupati
(/ˈtɪrʊpɒtɪ/ ( listen)) is a city in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Tirupati
Tirupati
(urban) mandal, and of the Tirupati
Tirupati
revenue division.[6] As of 2011[update] census, it had a population of 374,260, making it the ninth most populous city in Andhra Pradesh.[7] It is the seventh most urban agglomerated city in the state, with a population of 459,985.[4] Tirupati
Tirupati
is considered one of the holiest Hindu
Hindu
pilgrimage sites because of Tirumala
Tirumala
Venkateswara Temple, besides other historical temples, and is referred to as the "Spiritual Capital of Andhra Pradesh".[8] Tirupati
Tirupati
is also home to many educational institutions and universities. For the year 2012–13, India's Ministry of Tourism named Tirupati
Tirupati
as the "Best Heritage City".[9] Tirupati
Tirupati
has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under Smart Cities Mission by Government of India.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Tirupati
Tirupati
in Legends 3 History

3.1 Ancient History 3.2 Modern History

4 Environment

4.1 Geography 4.2 Geology 4.3 Flora and Fauna 4.4 Climate

5 Demographics 6 Culture 7 Governance

7.1 Civic administration 7.2 Law and order 7.3 Utility services 7.4 Healthcare

8 Economy

8.1 IT/ITES and electronics industry 8.2 Tourism sector

9 Cityscape

9.1 Landmarks 9.2 Neighbourhoods

10 Transport

10.1 Roadways 10.2 Public transport

11 Education 12 Media 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Etymology[edit] As per the book Symposium written by Dr. Jagannatha Rao, it was assumed that Tirupati
Tirupati
might have been Tripathi and Tri might be a Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word referring to Lord of Tripathy of the sacred hill. In Dravidian translation, Tiru means the sacred or Goddess Lakshmi
Lakshmi
and pathi means husband.[10][11][12][13] Tirupati
Tirupati
in Legends[edit] According to Varaha Purana, during Treta Yugam, Lord Sri Rama
Rama
resided here along with Sita Devi and Lakshmana on his return from Lankapuri.[14] History[edit] Ancient History[edit] Tirumala
Tirumala
(Upper Tirupati) This town was an established centre of Vaishnavism
Vaishnavism
around the 5th century A.D. during which it was praised by Alvars. The temple rites were formalised by the Vaishnavite
Vaishnavite
saint Ramanujacharya
Ramanujacharya
in the 11th century AD.[15][16] Tirupati
Tirupati
survived the Muslim
Muslim
and British invasions. During the early 1300s Muslim
Muslim
invasion of South India, the deity of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam
was brought to Tirupati
Tirupati
for safekeeping. The temple town for most of the medieval era part of Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
till 17th century and its rulers contributed considerable resources and wealth notable by Krishna Deva Raya
Krishna Deva Raya
and Achyuta Deva Raya, Sadasiva Raya and Tirumala Deva Raya. The temple was built and upgraded in parts by various kingdoms. The inscriptions in the temple were found in Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil and Kannada
Kannada
languages [17][18] which specify the contributions of the Pallava Kingdom around the 9th century AD, Chola Kingdom around the 10th century AD and the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
in the 14th century AD.[19] During the 15th century, Sri Tallapaka Annamacharya
Tallapaka Annamacharya
sung many songs in praise of the holy town in Telugu. He compared it to be divine, including the rocks, streams, trees, animals, and adds that it is heaven on the earth. One example of such a song is:[20]

kaTTedura vaikunTamu kANAchaina konDa teTTalAya mahimalE tirumala konDa vEdamulE Silalai velasinadi konDa yEdesa puNya rAsulE yErulainadi konDa gAdili brahmAdi lOkamula konalu konDa Sree dEvuDunDETi SEshAdri konDa

“ Tirumala, in all its right, is heaven. Its powers are indescribable.The Vedas have taken the form of rocks and appeared on Tirumala. Holiness has taken the form of water and is flowing as streams on Tirumala. Its holy peaks are Brahmaloka and other lokas. Srinivasa lives on Seshadri. ”

Tirupati
Tirupati
(Lower Tirupati)

Rajagopuram of Sri Govindarajaswamy Temple in Tirupati

There was no human settlement at Lower Tirupati
Tirupati
until the year 1500. With the growing importance of Upper Tirupati, a village formed at the present day Kapilatheertham Road area and was named "kotturu" . It was later shifted to the vicinity of Govindarajaswamy Temple which was consecrated around the year 1130 CE. Later the village grew into its present-day form around Govindaraja Swamy Temple which is now the heart of the city. It has now gained a lot of popularity as a tourism place.[11] Modern History[edit] In 1932, Tirumala
Tirumala
Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple was handed over to Tirumala Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams by the TTD Act of 1932. In 2006, Tirupati
Tirupati
Urban Development Authority(TUDA) and TTD together conducted "Tirupati Utsavam" which focused on the history of development of Tirupati
Tirupati
town, kings who visited Tirumala
Tirumala
and their contribution for development of the temple.[21] The fourth World Telugu Conference, a conference for furtherance of Telugu language, was conducted at Tirupati
Tirupati
during December, 2012 for three days.[22] In January, 2017, the 104th Indian Science Congress(ISCA) meeting was held in Tirupati.[citation needed] Environment[edit] Geography[edit] Tirupati
Tirupati
is located at 13°39′N 79°25′E / 13.65°N 79.42°E / 13.65; 79.42 in the Chittoor District
Chittoor District
of South Indian State of Andhra Pradesh. It lies at the foot of Seshachalam Hills
Seshachalam Hills
of Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
which were formed during Precambrian
Precambrian
era.[23] One of its suburbs Tirumala, which is the home to Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple, is also located within the hills.[23] Tirupati
Tirupati
Urban agglomeration includes Tirupati(City) and census towns Akkarampalle, Avilala, Cherlopalle, Mangalam, Perur, Settipalle, Thummala gunta(part), Timminaidupalle, Tiruchanur, Tirupati(NMA).[24] Tirupati
Tirupati
is surrounded by Srikalahasti
Srikalahasti
towards the East, Puttur towards the South, Poothalapattu towards the west and the Seshachalam hills towards the North.[citation needed] Swarnamukhi River originates in Chandragiri Hills and passes through the Tirupati
Tirupati
City
City
before reaching Srikalahasti
Srikalahasti
in the East.[23]

A board in Tirumala
Tirumala
hills briefing details of Eparchaean Unconformity

. Geology[edit] At 12 km point on the Tirupati
Tirupati
Tirumala
Tirumala
ghat road, there is a major discontinuity of stratigraphic significance that represents a period of remarkable serenity in the geological history of the Earth. This is referred to as Eparchaean Unconformity. This Unconformity separates the Proterozoic
Proterozoic
Nagari
Nagari
Quartazite and Archean
Archean
granite representing a time gap of 800 Ma.[25] In 2001, the Geological Survey of India(GSI) declared the Eparchaean Unconfirmity to be one of the 26 "Geological Monuments of India".

Silathoranam(Natural arch) at Tirumala
Tirumala
Hills, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh

Silathoranam, a Natural arch
Natural arch
and a distinctive geological wonder is located in the Tirumala
Tirumala
Hills at a distance of 1 km from Tirumala Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple. The Arch measures 8 metres in width and 3 metres in height and is eroded from quartizite of Cuddapah Supergroup of Middle to Upper Proterozoic(1600 to 570 Ma) by weathering agents like water and wind.[26] Flora and Fauna[edit] Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
National Park[27] Sri Venkateswara National Park
Sri Venkateswara National Park
is a national park and biosphere reserve which is part of Seshachalam Hills. The total area of the park is 353 km2. The park is home for about 1,500 vascular plant species belonging to 174 families. Some of the rare and endemic plant species like red sanders, Shorea
Shorea
talura, Shorea
Shorea
thumburggaia, Terminalia pallida, sandalwood, Syzygium alternifolium, Psilotum nudum occur in this region. Cycas beddomei
Cycas beddomei
is a species of cycad in the genus Cycas
Cycas
is found only in the Tirumala
Tirumala
Hills.About 178 species of birds from this national park have been identified which includes the globally threatened yellow-throated bulbul, grey-fronted green pigeon, critically endangered Oriental white-backed vulture, large hawk-cuckoo, blue-faced malkoha, yellow-browed bulbul, Indian scimitar-babbler and Loten's sunbird. Among predators the leopard is quite common, along with the wild dog. Among reptiles, the most interesting species is the gliding lizard, found in some deep forested valleys. Another important reptile of this national park is the golden gecko. Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park
Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park
[28] Established in 1987, Tirupati
Tirupati
Zoo or Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Zoological Park is a zoo located at Tirupati
Tirupati
and is Asia's Second largest Zoo with an area of 5500 acres. It is built on the concept of Hindhu Mythology. It exhibits only animals that are mentioned in our ancient epics like Ramayana, Mahabharatha, Panchatantra. The enclosures are also named based on Indian Mythology. It hosts wide range of animals, Reptiles and Birds like Deers, Monkeys, Lions, Tigers, Bears, Elephants, Peafowl, Grey pelican, Marsh crocodile, Starred tortoise etc. Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Gosamrakshana shala It is home for Cattle
Cattle
received as a donation(Godanam). It was established in the year 1956 by TTD and later renamed to S.V. Gosamrakshana Shala during 2004. It is located at Chandragiri
Chandragiri
Road, Tirupati. It is maintained by Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams based on the funds received under Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Gosamrakshana Shala Trust. Activities of the Trust includes providing good environment, management, feeding to the Cattle. The milk and its products produced here are being used by TTD for daily rituals at Sri Venkateswara Temple and other TTD Temples.[29] Climate[edit] Tirupati
Tirupati
has a tropical wet and Dry climate, designated Aw under the Köppen climate classification. In winter the minimum temperatures will be between 18 and 20 degrees Celsius. Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in July, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.The city experiences heavy rainfall in November during northeast monsoon season. The highest rainfall in 24 hours was on 16 November 2015 with 219 mm. Cyclones commonly hit the Coast of Nellore, which brings heavy showers to the city.[30]

Climate data for Tirupati, India
India
(1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 35.6 (96.1) 39.5 (103.1) 43 (109) 44.2 (111.6) 45 (113) 45.2 (113.4) 40.5 (104.9) 40.5 (104.9) 40 (104) 43.1 (109.6) 34.8 (94.6) 34.3 (93.7) 45.2 (113.4)

Average high °C (°F) 30.0 (86) 33.1 (91.6) 36.8 (98.2) 39.2 (102.6) 40.3 (104.5) 37.9 (100.2) 35.9 (96.6) 35.0 (95) 34.9 (94.8) 32.8 (91) 30.2 (86.4) 29.0 (84.2) 34.6 (94.3)

Average low °C (°F) 18.8 (65.8) 19.9 (67.8) 22.8 (73) 26.2 (79.2) 28.0 (82.4) 27.3 (81.1) 26.1 (79) 25.7 (78.3) 25.2 (77.4) 23.7 (74.7) 21.8 (71.2) 19.9 (67.8) 23.8 (74.8)

Record low °C (°F) 12.9 (55.2) 14.5 (58.1) 14.8 (58.6) 20 (68) 20.4 (68.7) 21.5 (70.7) 20.7 (69.3) 21.8 (71.2) 21.8 (71.2) 16.5 (61.7) 15 (59) 13.5 (56.3) 12.9 (55.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.6 (0.693) 5.1 (0.201) 5.2 (0.205) 15.9 (0.626) 58.5 (2.303) 77.0 (3.031) 117.3 (4.618) 127.3 (5.012) 131.7 (5.185) 205.2 (8.079) 249.1 (9.807) 116.2 (4.575) 1,126.2 (44.339)

Average rainy days 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.1 2.8 5.0 7.9 7.7 7.0 9.0 9.4 4.8 57.0

Source: Indian Meteorological Department[31][32]

Demographics[edit] As of 2011[update] Census of India, the city had a population of 374,260. The total population constitute, 187,931 males and 186,329 females — a sex ratio of 992 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[2] The Urban agglomeration
Urban agglomeration
had a population of 459,985, of which males constitute 231,456, females constitute 228,529 — a sex ratio of 987 females per 1000 males and 41,589 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 356,558 literates with an average literacy rate of 85.22%.[4] Telugu is the official and widely spoken language. While Tamil, Kannada
Kannada
and Hindi
Hindi
are the other languages spoken due to the large number of visiting pilgrims.[33] Hinduism
Hinduism
is the major religion and most of the temples in Tirupati
Tirupati
are of Dravidian architecture. Culture[edit] Festivals The city celebrates all major Hindu
Hindu
festivals which includes, Sankranti, Ugadi, Krishna
Krishna
Janmashtami, Maha Shivaratri, Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali, Rama
Rama
Navami, Kartik Poornima
Kartik Poornima
etc. Srivari Brahmotsavam is a nine-day event, celebrated during the months of September–October, the temple of Tirumala
Tirumala
witness lakhs of devotees.[34] During this festival, the processional deity Malayappa of Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple, along with his consorts Sridevi and Bhudevi, is taken in a procession in four mada streets around the temple on different Vahanams. Tirupati
Tirupati
also celebrates a carnival named as Tirupati
Tirupati
Ganga Jatara, held during second week of May every year. This is a week long festival where Goddess Gangamma (Grama Devatha) is worshiped.[35] The tank behind the temple of Padmavathi Temple, Tiruchanur
Tiruchanur
has Padma Pushkarini, where Chakra Snanam will be held on last day of Annual Padmavathi Brahmotsavams (Panchami Teertham). It will witness lakhs of Devotees taking a dip in the holy waters.[36] Vaikunta Ekadasi, the day on which it is believed that Vaikunta Dwarams will be opened and the most important Vasihnavite festival, is celebrated in Tirumala
Tirumala
and Tirupati[37] with grandeur.[38] Rathasapthami is another festival, celebrated during February, when Lord Venkateswara's processional deity, (Malayappa) is taken in a procession around the temple on seven different vahanas from early morning to late night.[39] Sri Krishna
Krishna
janmastami also known as Gokulashtami is celebrated with great fervor at Tirupati. The Lotus Temple belonging to International Society for Krishna Consciousness(ISKCON) will be illuminated with lamps and paintings displaying themes from Srimad Bhagavatham. The celebrations include offering prayers to Sri Krishna, Utlotsavam, Annamayya Kirtana alapana, Geetha Parayanam etc. On this day 'Gokulashtami Asthanam' will be held at Tirumala
Tirumala
Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple. TTD will also celebrate the janmastami at Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Gosamrakshana Shala where prayers will be offered to cows, horses and elephants.[40][41] The Maha Shivaratri and Kartik Poornima
Kartik Poornima
are the most auspicious occasions celebrated in Kapila Theertham.[42]

Tirupati Laddu
Tirupati Laddu
(Srivari Laddu) offered to Lord Venkateswara
Venkateswara
at Tirupati
Tirupati
Temple

Cuisine Tirupati
Tirupati
is known for world-famous Tirupati
Tirupati
Laddu. It is the prasadam at Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple, Tirumala. Tirupati Laddu
Tirupati Laddu
had got Geographical indication tag which entitles only Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams to make or sell it.[43][44] Arts, crafts and architecture Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams established Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Museum, one at Tirumala
Tirumala
and the other at Tirupati. It has a wonderful collection of Tirupati
Tirupati
temple architecture and historical artefacts, such as ancient weaponry, pooja items and idols. It has a comprehensive photo gallery that gives a unique insight into the Tirupati
Tirupati
region's culture and traditions. It also boasts a meditation centre.[45] In 1988–89 Archaeological Survey of India
Archaeological Survey of India
had established an Archaeological Museum in the Chandragiri
Chandragiri
fort at Chandragiri. It exhibits rich collection of stone and metal sculptures of Hindu
Hindu
gods and other cultural vestiges retrieved from other historical places like Gudimallam, Gandikota
Gandikota
and Yaganti. It also includes galleries for medieval weaponry swords and daggers, coins and paper documents.[46] Governance[edit] Tirupati
Tirupati
Assembly constituency is one of the 175 assembly constituencies of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Legislative Assembly, India. Tirupati is part of Tirupati
Tirupati
(Lok Sabha constituency). Varaprasad Rao Velagapalli of YSR Congress Party
YSR Congress Party
is the sitting Member of Parliament for Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency) and M Suguna of Telugu Desam Party is the sitting Member of Legislative Assembly for Tirupati (Assembly constituency).[47] Civic administration[edit] Tirupati Municipal Corporation (TMC) oversees the administration of the city. Tirupati
Tirupati
was constituted as a municipality on 1 April 1886; it was upgraded to a second grade municipality on 1 October 1962, to a first grade municipality on 12 December 1965, to special grade municipality on 13 February 1970, and to selection grade municipality on 7 October 1998. Tirupati
Tirupati
Municipality
Municipality
was upgraded to a municipal corporation on 2 March 2007. The area of the municipal corporation at the time of formation was 16.59 square kilometres (6.41 sq mi).[48] While, at present the area of the city is 27.44 square kilometres (10.59 sq mi).[2] Tirupati Urban Development Authority (TUDA) is the urban planning authority. It was constituted in the year 1981, with Tirupati
Tirupati
town and 89 villages under its jurisdiction. In 2008, it included Srikalahasti, Puttur and 69 surrounding villages. At present TUDA covers an area of 1,211.51 km2 (467.77 sq mi).[49] Law and order[edit]

Sapthagiri Security Zone at Alipiri-Tirupati

Tirupati
Tirupati
has the status of Urban Police District; it has 25 police stations.[50] Tirupati
Tirupati
temple was deployed with 100 Octopus (Organisation For Counter Terrorist Operations) commandos to look over its security. This was formed by Government of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
in the year 2012. The elite commando force has been specially trained for in house intervention, hostage rescue and Israeli combat technique Krav Maga.[51] At Alipiri, security zone was established to screen vehicles and pilgrims entering Tirumala, to safeguard the hills from terrorists and anti-social elements.[52] To assure more safety in Tirumala-Tirupati, the government of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
started a project called "Safe City-Tirupati": the Tirupati
Tirupati
temple and the city will be placed under 24*7 CCTV surveillance with 3000 CCTV cameras, monitored from acommand-and-control centre. Baggage scanners and Explosive detectors are installed at several places.[53] Utility services[edit] Electricity to the city is distributed by Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Southern Power Distribution Limited (APSPDCL), headquartered at Tirupati.[54] The city mostly depends on groundwater for its needs,[55] though it also gets water from Telugu Ganga
Telugu Ganga
canal and Kalyani dam.[56] There are five dams in the vicinity: Kalyani Dam, Papavinasanam Dam, Gogurbham Dam, Pasupudara Dam, Kumaradara Dam, Akasa Ganga.[57] all in the Tirumala
Tirumala
Hill ranges. Of these dams Papavinasanam, Gogurbham, Pasupudara, kumaradara, and Akasa Ganga completely cater the water needs of Tirumala
Tirumala
and Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple while 49% of Kalyani Dam water is being supplied to Tirumala
Tirumala
and remaining water will be supplied to Tirupati.[57][58] Tirupati
Tirupati
falls under the Tirupati
Tirupati
Telecom District of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited.[59] BSNL is planning to establish 27 Wi-Fi hotspots in the city.[59] The city also had a Regional Passport Seva Kendra(PSK).[60] PSK- Tirupati
Tirupati
will cover Prakasam, Nellore, Chittoor, Kadapa, Kurnool
Kurnool
and Anantapur
Anantapur
districts of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
and will come under Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Passport Office.[61] According to the National Urban Sanitation Policy, the city was ranked 117th in the country in 2009–10, with a total of 39.363 points.[62] As a part of 'Swachh Tirupati', Tirupati Municipal Corporation has started household waste segregation programme.[63] As of May 2015, 150 Tonnes
Tonnes
of waste is being collected per day from households within the municipal limits.[63] The city is the 11th most cleanliest city with 66 points in the cleanliness scorecard published by Union Tourism Ministry of India.[64] Healthcare[edit] Tirupati
Tirupati
is a medical hub with major hospitals situated in its vicinity. Many of these are either run under State government or run/funded by Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams (TTD). Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Ramnarain Ruia Government General Hospital is one of the largest in the state of Andhra Pradesh, and the main government hospital for the Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
region. It is started in the year 1962 with a donation of Rs.5 lakhs from Sri Radha Krishna
Krishna
N. Ruia and 15 lakhs from Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams. At present it has 750 beds.[65] Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Institute of Medical Sciences(SVIMS) is another major medical institute, founded in 1986.[66] Balaji Institute of Surgery, Research and Rehabilitation(BIRRD) for the Disabled has 250 beds; it was established in 1985 by TTD to treat patients suffering from polio myelitis, cerebral palsy, congenital anomalies, spinal injuries, and the orthopaedically handicapped. A non-profit organisation, it is run with funds from Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati Devasthanams and donations from the public.[67] Government Maternity Hospital(GMH) in Tirupati
Tirupati
is the largest maternity hospital in the state of Andhra pradesh in terms of number of deliveries.[68] Established 50 years ago, GMH is thronged by Pregnant woman from Chittoor, YSR kadapa, Nellore, Anantapur
Anantapur
districts of Andhra Pradesh and few areas of Tamil Nadu.[68] GMH bagged "Best hospital award" under "sterilization and institutional deliveries category" from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for the year 2013.[68] Aswini Hospital in Tirumala
Tirumala
is a general hospital in Tirumala
Tirumala
maintained by TTD. Economy[edit]

Dmart, Tirupati

Tourism is the major industry in Tirupati.[69][70][71] Entire economy is directly or indirectly depends on Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD). TTD is headquartered at Tirupati. Established in 1932, TTD is an independent Trust which manages Tirumala
Tirumala
Venkateswara Temple and other temples in Tirupati
Tirupati
and all over the world. It is also involved in several social activities. Being a major religious tourist destination, Hospitality Industry is also a major industry in Tirupati
Tirupati
which includes many 3 star hotels and lodges.[70][71] Andhra Pradesh Southern Power Distribution Company Limited(APSPDCL) is also headquartered at Tirupati. Gandhi Road, Prakasam Road, V.V Mahal Road, AIR Bypass Road are highly commercial areas in the City. Major brands of Automobile, Textile, Mobile, Electrical and Electronic companies have their outlets in Tirupati.[72] APIIC Industrial Park is located at Gajulamandyam, Renigunta. Industries like Sri Venkateswara Cooperative Sugar Factory Limited, AshwiniBio Pharma Ltd and others are situated in this park. Amara Raja factory is located at Karakambadi, Renigunta. Lanco cement factory is located at Eerpedu mandal. The majority of the city residents are employed under TTD. IT/ITES and electronics industry[edit] Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Mobile & Electronics Manufacturing Hub is planned to be established in Tirupati
Tirupati
and a foundation stone had been laid by Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
on 22 October 2015. The Hub is spread over 122 acres (49 ha) Acres out of which Celkon will be established in 20 acres (8.1 ha) acres, Micromax in 15 acres (6.1 ha) acres, Karbonn in 15.28 acres (6.18 ha) acres and Lava in 20 acres (8.1 ha) acres with a total investment of Rupees 2000 crores.[73][74] Tourism sector[edit] Tourism sector is of great importance to the city. It is because of the presence of Tirumala
Tirumala
Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple and a number of other temples in and around the city. It attracts large number of tourists which helps the tourism department of the state in generating revenue.[75][76] Cityscape[edit] Landmarks[edit] Main article: Hindu
Hindu
Temples in Tirupati

Kapila Theertham
Kapila Theertham
water falls from Seshachalam Hills
Seshachalam Hills
and Kapileswara Temple (right)

Regional science centre, Tirupati

Tirumala
Tirumala
Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple is the most notable temple for being the world's richest Vaishnavite
Vaishnavite
temple of Lord Venkateswara.[77] Beside Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple, the city is known for many other ancient temples, such as Padmavathi Temple
Padmavathi Temple
at Tiruchanur, Govindaraja Temple,[78] Kapileswara Temple at Kapila Theertham, Thathayyagunta Gangamma Temple of Goddess Gangamma is the Gramadevata of Tirupati[citation needed], Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple
Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple
etc. Besides historic temples there are other tourist destinations in and around the city. Chandragiri
Chandragiri
Fort is a historical fort, built in the 11th century located in Chandragiri. The fort also host an Archaeological Museum maintained by Archaeological Survey of India.[79] Established in 1987, Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park
Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park
in Tirupati
Tirupati
is the second largest zoo park in Asia, which covers an area of 5532 acres.[80][81] Tirupati
Tirupati
also hosts a Regional Science centre. A Space Exposition Hall which has a digital Planetarium, first of its kind in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
and an Innovation Space are added to this centre now.[82][83] Neighbourhoods[edit] Tiruchanur, Alipiri, Gandhi Road, Teertha katta veedi, NTR Circle, Tiruchanur
Tiruchanur
Road, Tilak Road, Tirupati
Tirupati
Central bus and railway station, SriKrishnadevaraya Circle(Leela Mahal) areas are the notable ones of the city.[84][85] Transport[edit]

Tirupati
Tirupati
Ghat Road

Sapthagiri Express bus of APSRTC

Roadways[edit] The city is well connected to major cities through national and state highways. The National highways passing through Tirupati
Tirupati
are, National Highway 71 which connects Madanapalle
Madanapalle
and Nayudupeta, National Highway 140 connecting Tirupati
Tirupati
with Puthalapattu.[86] Constructed one in 1944 and the other in 1974, there are two all-weather, asphalt Ghat Roads between Tirupati
Tirupati
and Tirumala.[87] There is a total of 294.47 km of Roads within the Tirupati Municipal Corporation Limits.[88] Public transport[edit] APSRTC
APSRTC
is the state owned transport service, which operates buses to various destinations from Tirupati
Tirupati
bus station complex. The bus station comprises three mini bus stations to various destinations, such as Srinivasa bus station for west-bound destinations, Sri Hari bus station for east bound destinations and Yedukondalu bus station is utilised for bus services to Tirumala.[89] Balaji Link bus station at Alipiri
Alipiri
is also used for bus services to Tirumala.[87] Tirumala Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams runs free buses from railway station and Central bus stand to Alipiri
Alipiri
for pilgrims. The buses to Tirumala
Tirumala
are known as Sapthagiri Express.[90] Tirupati
Tirupati
is in close proximity with the states of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Tamil Nadu. Hence, buses from KSRTC, TNSTC
TNSTC
and SETC also operates their services. There are also private transport which operate in the city. Tirumala
Tirumala
foot steps There are two footpaths from Tirupati
Tirupati
to Tirumala. These paths are called Sopanamargas and are mostly used by pilgrims. The first (and oldest) path starts from Alipiri
Alipiri
and has 3550 steps, totalling 11 km. At Alipiri
Alipiri
there is a temple dedicated to Lord Venkateswara
Venkateswara
called Padalamandapam. There are four Gopurams (temple towers) along the way. The other path, called Sri Vari Mettu starts from Srinivasa Mangapuram and is 6 km long. Both paths are completely roofed and pass through seven hills (part of Seshachalam Hills).[91] Railways Tirupati
Tirupati
Main is classified as an A1 station in the Guntakal
Guntakal
railway division of South Central Railway zone.[92] Tirupati
Tirupati
West Halt and Tiruchanur
Tiruchanur
are the satellite stations, used for decongesting rail traffic at the main station.[93] Airways Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Airport is located 15 km from the city centre and has regular flights to Coimbatore, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Vijayawada
Vijayawada
and Visakhapatnam. The closest international airport is Chennai International Airport
Chennai International Airport
which is 130 km (81 mi) from Tirupati. Tirupati Airport
Tirupati Airport
is being upgraded to international airport. The new Terminal was inaugurated on 22 October 2015 by Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi.[94] Education[edit] The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[95][96] Majority of them are named after presiding deity of Tirupati
Tirupati
temple, Lord Venkateswara
Venkateswara
and his concert Goddess Padmavati. There are several universities and colleges including state government and Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanam sponsored such as, Sri Venkateswara University, established in 1954; Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, a dedicated women's university; Medical colleges include Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Medical College and Sri Padmavathi Medical College for Women.[97] Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Institute of Medical Sciences(SVIMS) is also a medical institute, Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Vedic University to preserve, foster and promote oral traditions of Vedic, Agamic and Cognate Literature, with focus on right intonations.[98] Rashtriya Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Vidyapeetha, a University established for higher learning in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
studies, Traditional Sastras and Pedagogy.[99] Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Veterinary University to strengthen education and services in the fields of Veterinary Science, Dairy Technology and Fishery Science in the State of Andhra Pradesh.[100] Sri Venkateswara Institute of Traditional Sculpture and Architecture (SVITSA) run by TTD is one of the two institutions in India
India
offering courses in traditional sculpture and architecture to students. Seven different Diploma Courses are offered in subjects such as Temple Architecture, Stone Sculpture, Sudai Sculpture, Metal Sculpture, Wood Sculpture, Traditional Painting and Traditional Kalamkari
Kalamkari
Art.[101] Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati.[102] The city is set to get an culinary institute sponsored by the Ministry of Tourism (India) and Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research(IISER) which were allotted by Government of India
Government of India
to the state of Andhra Pradesh.[103] Research

Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Medical College, Tirupati
Tirupati
is selected for establishment of Multidisciplinary Research Units (MRUs), Model rural Health Research Units (MRHRU) by The Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR).[104] Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Institute of Medical Sciences(SVIMS), Tirupati
Tirupati
is selected for establishment of college level Viral Diagnostic Research Labs[104] A sub-centre for All India
India
Coordinated Research Project(AICRP) on groundnut is established at the Regional Agricultural Research Station(RARS), Tirupati
Tirupati
to conduct research activities on new high. The research will help to meet the needs of the country’s 100 arid districts which receive less than 500 mm rainfall. RARS has so far developed 12 groundnut varieties.[105] A research centre for indigenous Cows had been established by TTD at its Diary form named Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Gosamrakshanashala. The purpose of the Research centre is to protect the indigenous Cows and also to share the rare breeds among similar organisations. The Gosamrakshanashala already had distinctive high-worth breeds like Ongole
Ongole
breed of cows, while it is also trying to gather Sahiwal breed of cows from Punjab, Gir cows of Gujarat to the Centre, Tharparker and Kankrej cows from karnataka.[106]

Media[edit] Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Bhakti Channel(SVBC), the first 24-hour Telugu devotional channel dedicated to broadcast Hindu
Hindu
devotional programmes and live telecasts of poojas performed at Tirumala
Tirumala
Venkateswara Temple, is being Telecasted from Tirupati. Started in 1949, Sapthagiri is a spiritual monthly magazine based at Tirupati
Tirupati
and is published in Telugu, Sanskrit, Hindi, English, Tamil and Kannada
Kannada
languages.[107] Both SVBC channel and Sapthagiri Magazine are run by Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati Devasthanams.[108] Telugu newspapers – Andhra Bhoomi, Saakshi, Eenadu, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi, Andhra Prabha, English newspapers – Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu, Indian Express, Times of India, The Hans India
India
are available in the city. Tirupati
Tirupati
has All India
India
Radio station and is served by FM stations like 92.7 Big FM, 93.5 Red FM. See also[edit]

List of cities in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
by population List of cities in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
by area List of municipal corporations in Andhra Pradesh List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh

References[edit]

^ "Hari Kiran takes charge as MCT Commissioner".  ^ a b c " City
City
profile". Tirupati
Tirupati
Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
(India): Districts, About Us". tirupati.cdma.  ^ a b c " Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.  ^ "United Nations – Code for Trade and Transport Locations". Retrieved 5 June 2015.  ^ " Chittoor District
Chittoor District
Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 459, 512. Retrieved 19 January 2015.  ^ " Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.  ^ "Administration-AP-Financial Capital". Visakhapatnam. 29 Apr 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
bags 'best heritage city' award". Times of India. 17 February 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2015.  ^ Oppert, Gustav Salomon (2017-06-08). On the Original Inhabitants of Bharatavarsa or India. BoD – Books on Demand. ISBN 9789925082193.  ^ a b "Sri Venkateshwara by Shantha Nair". Retrieved 21 June 2015.  ^ "Full text of "On the original inhabitants of Bharatavarsa or India"". archive.org. Retrieved 2016-11-18.  ^ "Index of /NASD/4a7f1db4-5792-415c-be79-266f41eef20a/upgrade-archive-06-14-2007/data/upload-allbooks/disk 3/Jan N/ENGLISH/The_Dravidians_/TXT". tera-3.ul.cs.cmu.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-18.  ^ "Lord Sri Kodanda Rama
Rama
Swamy Temple in Tirupati
Tirupati
and Sri Pattabhiramalayam Temple at Valmikipuram
Valmikipuram
Gear up for Annual Mega Fete-special Story". Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devastanams. Retrieved 12 May 2015.  ^ "Bhakti Movements".  ^ "History of Tirumala".  ^ "Gold coat to hide Tirumala
Tirumala
carvings". Times of India. Retrieved 30 March 2015.  ^ "Inscriptions at Tirumala
Tirumala
digitised". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 March 2015.  ^ "Temple History". Archived from the original on 12 April 2012.  ^ "Annamayya keerthana-kaTTedura vaikunTamu".  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
Utsavam". Retrieved 21 June 2015.  ^ "Pranab inaugurates 4th World Telugu conference". Retrieved 2 July 2015.  ^ a b c A, Vijaya Kumari. Social Change Among Balijas: Majority Community of Andhra Pradesh. MD publication pvt Ltd. p. 20. ISBN 81-7533-072-4.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
Urban Region". Retrieved 3 November 2017.  ^ " Geological Survey of India
Geological Survey of India
– Monuments of Stratigraphic Significance". Retrieved 2015-07-22.  ^ " Geological Survey of India
Geological Survey of India
– Monuments of Stratigraphic Significance". Retrieved 2015-07-22.  ^ "Sri Venkateshwara Sanctuary & National Park". Andhra Pradesh Forest Department. Archived from the original on 30 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-06.  ^ "Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Zoological Park'". Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-06.  ^ "Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Gosamrakshana Shala'". Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati Devastanams. Retrieved 2015-06-06.  ^ Tirupati, IMD. http://city.imd.gov.in/citywx/extreme/NOV/tirupathi2.htm.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "CLIMATOLOGICAL TABLE PERIOD: 1981–2010". Indian Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2016-01-31.  ^ http://www.imdpune.gov.in/Temp_Extremes/histext2010.pdf ^ "WELCOME TO CENSUS OF INDIA : Census India
India
Library". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-03-08.  ^ "Over 4 Lakh Witness Garuda Vahana
Vahana
Seva". Retrieved 2015-10-30.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
set for 'Ganga Jatara'". The Hindhu. Retrieved 30 March 2015.  ^ "2 Lakh Take Holy Dip on 'Panchami Theertham'". Retrieved 2015-06-07.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
gearing for Ekadasi". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "Pilgrims throng Tirumala". Deccan Herrald. Retrieved 21 June 2015.  ^ "Rathasapthami photos". Archived from the original on 2009-10-27.  ^ "Janmashtami celebrated in Tirupati". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "All set for Sri Krishna Janmashtami
Krishna Janmashtami
in Tirupati". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "Sri Kapileswara Swamy Temple". Retrieved 2015-07-02.  ^ "Only TTD entitled to make or sell ' Tirupati
Tirupati
laddu': High Court". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "Now, Geographical Indication rights for ' Tirupati
Tirupati
laddu'". Business Standard. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "Heritage in Tirupati-SV Museum". Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Tourism board. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "Archaeological Museum, Chandragiri". Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "TDP wins Tirupati
Tirupati
Assembly by-election". Retrieved 2015-07-10.  ^ "ABOUT TMC". Tirupati
Tirupati
Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  ^ "TUDA – RTI 2005". Tirupati
Tirupati
Urban Development Authority. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 12 June 2015.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
Urban District". Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ "How Octopus commandos flushed out militants in 10-hr-long operation in Chittoor?". Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ "New security set-up at Alipiri". Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ "High security in Tirumala, Tirupati
Tirupati
after terror alert". Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ "APSPDCL-Company Profile". Retrieved 2015-08-10.  ^ "Statistical Analysis of Drinking Water Quality and its Impact on Human Health in Chandragiri, near Tirupati, India". Retrieved 2015-08-10.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
Municipal Corporation-Water supply Timings". Tirupati Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  ^ a b "Acute water crisis hits Tirumala". Retrieved 2015-08-10.  ^ "TTD May Purchase Reservoir from AP to Meet Water Needs". Retrieved 2015-08-10.  ^ a b "BSNL ready to set up 27 Wi-Fi hotspots in Tirupati". Retrieved 2015-08-10.  ^ "MEA realigns jurisdiction of passport offices in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana". Retrieved 2015-08-10.  ^ "Good news for passport seekers from Kurnool, Kadapa". Retrieved 2017-11-15.  ^ "Rank of Cities on Sanitation 2009–2010: National Urban Sanitation Policy" (PDF). Press Information Bureau. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ a b "Waste segregation begins in Tirupati". Retrieved 2015-08-10.  ^ " Delhi
Delhi
Emerges 7th Cleanest in 36- City
City
Cleanliness Survey, Gangtok Cleanest, Raipur Dirtiest". The New Indian Express. New Delhi. 23 August 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  ^ "Foundation Laying Ceremony of the New Children's Hospital, Tirupati". Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ "SVIMS". Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ "BIRRD". Retrieved 15 June 2015.  ^ a b c "Maternity hospital awaits better 'treatment'". Retrieved 3 September 2015.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
temple makes Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
top tourist spot".  ^ a b "'Spiritual tourism' to rake in the moolah".  ^ a b "'Pilgrimage tourism hit in Tirupati".  ^ "AP registers surge in vehicle sale".  ^ "Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
to lay stone of mobile hub in Tirupati".  ^ "PM lays foundation stone for mobile manufacturing facility in Tirupati".  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
Tour – Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Tourism". www.aptdc.gov.in. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  ^ "Govt determined to strengthen tourism infrastructure: PM". The Hindu. Tirupati. 22 October 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  ^ "Record collection of Rs 5.73 crore at Tirumala". Times of India. Tirumala. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2015.  ^ "Sri Govindaraja Swamy Temple". Retrieved 2015-06-23.  ^ "Museum – Chandagiri". Archaeological Survey of India. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 16 March 2016.  ^ "Asia's biggest zoo beckons tourists". The Siasat Daily. 13 April 2010. Retrieved 13 July 2014.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
Zoo asked to exchange animals". The Hindu. 11 August 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/cm-inaugurates-space-exposition-hall-innovation-hub-at-rsct/article18522391.ece ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VUDak_q0jaE ^ Rangarajan, A.D (26 December 2015). " Tirupati
Tirupati
set to enter 'smart' league". The Hindu. Tirupati. Retrieved 28 February 2016.  ^ "Heavy security blanket thrown around Tirupati". The Hindu. Tirupati. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2016.  ^ "List of National Highways passing through A.P. State". Roads and Buildings Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 22 February 2016.  ^ a b "Travelling from Tirupati
Tirupati
to Tirumala
Tirumala
by road". Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ "http://cdma.gov.in/tirupati/Public%20services_amenities.html". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.  External link in title= (help) ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
bus station gets new name". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ "Super luxury buses on Tirumala
Tirumala
ghat roads". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
to Tirumala
Tirumala
on Foot". Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devastanams. Retrieved 2015-06-06.  ^ "Statement showing category-wise No. of stations" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 6 July 2017.  ^ "Sixth platform works begin in Tirupati
Tirupati
railway station". The Hans India. Retrieved 6 July 2017.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
International Airport inauguration on Vijaya Dasami". The hindu. Retrieved 12 October 2015.  ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.  ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal
Portal
AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016.  ^ " Sri Padmavathi Medical College for Women Tirupati
Tirupati
AP'". Retrieved 26 May 2015.  ^ "WELCOME TO SVVU'".  ^ "About Vidyapeetha'".  ^ "Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
veterinary University HISTORY'". Archived from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.  ^ "Institute of Traditional Sculpture, Ancient Architecture at Tirupati". Retrieved 2015-06-19.  ^ Reporter, Staff (26 June 2015). "IIT Tirupati
Tirupati
all set to begin classes from Aug. 5". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 October 2016.  ^ "IIT and IISER in Tirupati'". The Hindhu. Retrieved 30 March 2015.  ^ a b "Schemes to Promote Health Research in the Country". Retrieved 2015-06-15.  ^ "Groundnut research to get a boost at Tirupati". Retrieved 2015-06-16.  ^ "TTD's dairy farm to become a research centre for indigenous cows". The Hindhu. Retrieved 3 September 2015.  ^ "TTD to release 2,000 publications as 'e-books'". The Hindhu. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ "Link Puranic Tales to Current Issues". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tirupati.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tirupati.

Tirupati
Tirupati
Urban Development Authority

India
India
portal Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
portal

Articles related to Tirupati

v t e

Tirupati
Tirupati
topics

Hindu
Hindu
Temples

Tirupati
Tirupati
Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple Padmavathi Temple Govindarajaswamy Temple Kodandaramaswamy Temple Kalyana Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple Prasanna Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple Varahaswamy Temple

Monuments

Silathoranam Chandragiri
Chandragiri
Fort

Neighbourhoods

Tirumala Alipiri Tiruchanur Chandragiri Renigunta

Government

Tirupati
Tirupati
Municipal Corporation Tirupati
Tirupati
Urban Development Authority Tirupati
Tirupati
revenue division

Buildings

Vaikuntam Queue Complex Kalyani Dam Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Museaum

Tourist attractions

Hindu
Hindu
Temples in Tirupati Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Zoological Park Chandragiri
Chandragiri
Fort Municipal Park Papavinasanam

Higher education

Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
University Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Vedic University Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Veterinary University Rashtriya Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Vidyapeetha Indian Institute of Technology, Tirupati Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Medical College Sri Padmavathi Medical College Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Tirupati

Healthcare

Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Ramnarain Ruia Government General Hospital Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Institute of Medical Sciences Government Maternity Hospital, Tirupati

Transport

Air

Tirupati
Tirupati
Airport

Rail

Tirupati
Tirupati
railway station Renigunta
Renigunta
Junction railway station Tiruchanur
Tiruchanur
railway station Tirupati
Tirupati
West Halt railway station

Road

Tirupati
Tirupati
bus station complex Tirumala
Tirumala
ghat roads

Cuisine

Tirupati
Tirupati
Laddu

Festivals

Srivari Brahmotsavam Tirupati
Tirupati
Ganga Jatara

River

Swarnamukhi River

National parks around Tirupati

Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
National Park

Other topics

List of cities in India List of cities by population

v t e

Urban local bodies in Andhra Pradesh

Municipal corporations

Anantapuram Chittoor Eluru Guntur Kadapa Kakinada Kurnool Machilipatnam Nellore Ongole Rajahmundry Srikakulam Tirupati Vijayawada Visakhapatnam Vzianagaram

Municipalities

Adoni Bhimavaram Chilakaluripet Chirala Dharmavaram Gudivada Mangalagiri Narasapuram Narasaraopet Palacole Palasa-Kasibugga Parvathipuram Repalle Sattenapalle Tadepalle Tadepalligudem Tanuku Tenali

v t e

Chittoor
Chittoor
district

District headquarters

Chittoor

Divisions

Chittoor Madanapalle Tirupati

Mandals

B.Kothakota Baireddipalle Bangarupalem Buchinaidu Khandriga Chandragiri Chinnagottigallu Chittoor Chowdepalle Gangadhara nellore Gangavaram Gudipala Gudupalle Gurramkonda Irala KVB Puram Kalakada Kalikiri Kambhamvaripalle Karvetinagar Kuppam Kurabalakota Madanapalle Mulakalacheruvu Nagalapuram Nagari Narayanavanam Nimmanapalli Nindra Pakala Palamaner Palasamudram Peddamandyam Peddapanjani Peddathippasamudram Penumuru Pileru Pitchatur Pulicherla Punganur Puthalapattu Puttur Ramachandrapuram Ramakuppam Ramasamudram Renigunta Rompicherla Santhipuram Sathyavedu Sodam Somala Srikalahasti Srirangarajapuram Thamballapalle Thavanampalle Thottambedu Tirupati
Tirupati
(rural) Tirupati
Tirupati
(urban) Vadamalapeta Valmikipuram Varadaiahpalem Vedurukuppam Venkatagirikota Vijayapuram Yadamari Yerpedu Yerravaripalem

Cities

Chittoor Madanapalle Tirupati

Towns and villages

Bommasamudram Nagari Palamaner Punganur Puttur Srikalahasti

Census Towns

Akkarampalle Avilala Cherlopalle Kuppam Mangalam Mangasamudram Murakambattu Narayanavanam Perur Pileru Renigunta Tiruchanur Tirumala Tirupati
Tirupati
(NMA)

v t e

Hindu
Hindu
holy cities

India

Char Dham

Badrinath

Badrinath
Badrinath
Temple

Dwarka

Dwarkadhish Temple

Puri

Jagannath Temple

Rameswaram

Ramanathaswamy Temple

Chota Char Dham

Badrinath

Badrinath
Badrinath
Temple

Kedarnath

Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Temple

Gangotri Yamunotri

Yamunotri
Yamunotri
Temple

Panch Kedar

Kedarnath Tungnath Rudranath Madhyamaheshwar Kalpeshwar

Pancharama Kshetras

Amararama Draksharama Ksheerarama Kumararama Somarama

Six Abodes of Murugan

Palani Swamimalai Thiruttani Pazhamudircholai Thiruchendur Tirupparankunram

Trilinga Kshetras

Draksharama Srisailam Kaleshwaram

Ashtavinayaka

Morgaon

Moreshwar

Lenyadri

Girijatmaj

Pali

Ballaleshwar

Mahad

Varadvinayak

Ranjangaon

Mahaganapati

Siddhatek

Siddhivinayak

Ozar

Vighneswar

Theur

Chintamani

Jyotirlinga

Prabhas Patan

Somnath

Srisailam

Mallikājuna

Ujjain

Mahakaleshwar

Omkareshwar Kedarnath

Kedarnath

Shiradhon

Bhimashankar

Varanasi

Kashi Vishvanath

Trimbak

Trimbakeshwar

Deoghar

Vaidyanath

Dwarka

Nageshvara

Rameswaram

Ramanathaswamy

Ellora Caves

Grishneshwar

Panchabhuta Lingas

Srikalahasti
Srikalahasti
Temple

Srikalahasti

Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram

Chidambaram

Annamalaiyar Temple

Tiruvannamalai

Ekambareswarar Temple

Kanchi

Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval

Others

Pushpagiri Temple Complex Shakti Peethas Ahobilam Ambaji Ambalappuzha Arunachala Annavaram Ayodhya Akshardham (Delhi) Akshardham (Gandhinagar) Basar Bhadrachalam Chidambaram Chitrakoot Chottanikkara Dakor Dharmasthala Dakshineswar Kali Temple Ettumanoor Gaya Gokul Guruvayur Haridwar Indraprastha Jageshwar Kalighat Kanchipuram Katra Vaishno Devi Khatu Kollur Kurukshetra Madurai Mangalagiri Mathura Mayapur Nashik Nathdwara Pandharpur Prayag
Prayag
(Triveni Sangam) Pushkar Rishikesh Ryali Sabarimala Sapta Puri Somnath Sringeri Shirdi Simhachalam Temple Sonamukhi Srirangam Sri Kurmam Tirumala Tirunavaya Tripunithura Udupi Jajpur Vrindavan Vijayawada Yadagirigutta

Indonesia

Prambanan Gebang Gedong Songo Dieng Plateau Sukuh Ceto Temple Penataran Gunung Kawi Cangkuang Penataran
Penataran
Temple Candi Jawi Candi Kidal Candi Singhasari Candi Surawana Balinese temple Tanah Lot Marga Tirtha Empul Temple Denpasar Gianyar Pura Penataran
Penataran
Sasih Pejeng Gianyar Pura Besakih Pura Ulun Danu Bratan Pura Luhur Ulu Watu Pura Ulun Danu Batur

Sri Lanka

Ati Konanayakar Koneswaram Pathirakali Amman Temple Kataragama Munneswaram temple Thambiluvil Sri Kannaki amman temple Thambiluvil Sri Sivalinga Pillayar Temple Thirukkovil Sithira Velayutha Swami Kovil Tenavaram temple

Nepal

Kathmandu Janakpurdham Chataradham

Cambodia

Angkor Wat

v t e

State of Andhra Pradesh

Capital: Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto), Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(de jure)

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Culture Demographics Economy Education Elections Geography Government Highest point History Language Politics Sports People Transport Tourism

Regions

Coastal Andhra Rayalaseema

Districts

Anantapur Chittoor East Godavari Guntur Kadapa Kurnool Krishna Prakasam Nellore Srikakulam Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram West Godavari

Million-plus cities

Visakhapatnam Vijayawada

Cities (population over 1 lakh)

Adoni Anantapur Bhimavaram Chilakaluripet Chittoor Dharmavaram Eluru Gudivada Guntakal Guntur Hindupur Kadapa Kakinada Kurnool Machilipatnam Madanapalle Nandyal Narasaraopet Nellore Ongole Proddatur Rajahmundry Srikakulam Tadepalligudem Tadpatri Tenali Tirupati Vijayawada Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram

Tourism

Dams Forts Lakes National Parks Hindu
Hindu
Temples Churches Wildlife Sanctuaries Waterfalls

Related lists

List of cities in Andhra Pradesh List of mandals in Andhra Pradesh List of urban local bodies in Andhra Pradesh List of revenue divisions in Andhra Pradesh List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh

Portal: An

.