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Tirumala
Tirumala
is a census town in Chittoor district
Chittoor district
of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town is a part of Tirupati
Tirupati
Urban Development Authority and located in Tirupati
Tirupati
(rural) mandal of Tirupati
Tirupati
revenue division.[1] It is a hill town where Tirumala Venkateswara Temple
Tirumala Venkateswara Temple
is located, which is the abode of Lord Venkateswara.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Climate

2 Legend 3 Demographics 4 Culture 5 Landmarks 6 Transport 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Geography[edit] Tirumala
Tirumala
is located 3,200 feet (980 m) above sea level and covers an area of approximately 10.33 square miles (26.8 km2). Surrounding the hills are seven peaks of Seshachalam
Seshachalam
range, Eastern Ghats namely Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri. The temple of Sri Venkateswara[2] is on the seventh peak (Venkatadri). At 21 km point on the Tirupati
Tirupati
Tirumala
Tirumala
Ghat road, there is a major discontinuity of stratigraphic significance that represents a period of remarkable serenity in the geological history of the Earth. This is referred to as Eparchaean Unconformity. This Unconformity separates the Proterozoic
Proterozoic
Nagari
Nagari
Quartazite and Archean
Archean
granite representing a time gap of 800 Ma.[3] In 2001, the Geological Survey of India(GSI) declared the Eparchaean Unconfirmity to be one of the 26 "Geological Monuments of India".

Silathoranam (Natural arch) at Tirumala
Tirumala
Hills, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh

Silathoranam, a Natural arch
Natural arch
and a distinctive geological wonder is located in Tirumala
Tirumala
Hills at a distance of 1 km from Tirumala Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple. The Arch measures 8 metres in width and 3 metres in height and is eroded out of quartizite of Cuddapah Supergroup of Middle to Upper Proterozoic(1600 to 570 Ma) by weathering agents such as water and wind.[4] Climate[edit] Tirumala
Tirumala
has a tropical wet and Dry climate designated Aw under the Köppen climate classification. As the hill shrine is situated amidst the hills, the temperature will go below 10 degrees in winter. Compared to Tirupati, summer won't be much here. The South-west Monsoon season starts from June, but rains won't be heavier. Occasionally, Thunderstorm forms and pours for hours. With the retreat of Southwest Monsoon in late October, North-east Monsoon brings heavy rains which cause flooding. It lasts for 2 months. Highest rainfall was recorded in 1996, with 2056 mm, followed by 2028 mm in 2005 and 1708 mm in 2007. 459 mm on November 21st, 2005 was the highest 24-hour rainfall on records, followed by 307 mm on November 9th, 2015.

Climate data for Tirumala, India

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 26.0 (78.8) 28.1 (82.6) 30.8 (87.4) 32.2 (90) 35.2 (95.4) 31.9 (89.4) 29.9 (85.8) 28.0 (82.4) 27.9 (82.2) 26.8 (80.2) 25.2 (77.4) 27.0 (80.6) 29.0 (84.2)

Average low °C (°F) 9.8 (49.6) 11.9 (53.4) 15.8 (60.4) 19.2 (66.6) 22.0 (71.6) 25.3 (77.5) 23.1 (73.6) 24.7 (76.5) 20.2 (68.4) 18.7 (65.7) 15.8 (60.4) 12.9 (55.2) 18.28 (64.9)

Record low °C (°F) 6.9 (44.4) 7.3 (45.1) 10.3 (50.5) 14.6 (58.3) 18.1 (64.6) 18.5 (65.3) 17.1 (62.8) 15.2 (59.4) 13.5 (56.3) 12.2 (54) 10.6 (51.1) 8.9 (48) 6.9 (44.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.6 (1.008) 2.2 (0.087) 5.3 (0.209) 44.9 (1.768) 59.6 (2.346) 64.1 (2.524) 145.5 (5.728) 188.5 (7.421) 209.1 (8.232) 234.3 (9.224) 303.5 (11.949) 129.1 (5.083) 1,364.5 (53.72)

Source: Indian Meteorological Department[5][6]

Legend[edit] Main article: Legend of Tirumala In ancient literature Tirupati
Tirupati
is mentioned as Aadhi varaha kshetra. The Puranas
Puranas
associate the site with Lord Varaha, one of the Dashavatara
Dashavatara
of Lord Vishnu. In Varaha
Varaha
Purana, Venkatadri is believed to be a part of Mount Meru, which was brought on to the earth from Vishnu's abode Vaikuntam by his mount Garuda. The seven peaks represent the seven heads of Adisesha.[7] Demographics[edit] As of 2001[update] India
India
census,[8] Tirumala
Tirumala
has a population of 7,741. Males constitute 52 percent of the population and females 48 percent. Tirumala
Tirumala
has an average literacy rate of 72.8 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent. The male literacy rate is 57.1 percent and the female rate is 42.9 percent. In Tirumala, 11 percent of the population is under six years of age. Telugu is the major language. Hinduism
Hinduism
is the major religion in Tirumala.[9] Culture[edit] Dhotis and Sarees are the traditional popular attire. The practices of tonsure and using tilaka are popular among devotees of Lord Venkateswara. Festivals Main articles: Srivari Brahmotsavam
Srivari Brahmotsavam
and Seva in Tirumala

Lord Venkateswara
Lord Venkateswara
on Gaja Vahanam

The city celebrates all major Hindu festivals including Sankranti, Ugadi
Ugadi
etc., with great splendour. While, the Sri Venkateswara Brahmotsavams celebrated every year during October is the most important festival in Tirumala
Tirumala
when it receives millions of devotees over a short span of a week.[citation needed] Vaikunta Ekadasi, the day on which it is believed that Vaikunta Dwarams will be opened and the most important Vasihnavite festival, is celebrated in Tirumala.[10] Rathasapthami is another festival, celebrated during February, when Lord Venkateswara
Lord Venkateswara
processional deity, (Malayappa) is taken in a procession around the temple on seven different vahanas from early morning to late night.[11] Cuisine Tirupati
Tirupati
is known for world-famous Tirupati
Tirupati
Laddu. It is the prasadam at Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple, Tirumala. Tirupati
Tirupati
Laddu had got Geographical indication tag which entitles only Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams to make or sell it.[12][13] Arts, crafts and architecture Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams established Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Museum, one at Tirumala
Tirumala
and the other at Tirupati. It has a wonderful collection of Tirupati
Tirupati
temple architecture and historical artefacts, such as ancient weaponry, pooja items and idols. It has a comprehensive photo gallery that gives a unique insight into the Tirupati
Tirupati
region's culture and traditions. It also boasts a meditation centre.[14] Landmarks[edit] Main article: Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple, Tirumala

Natural Arch in Tirumala, Andhra Pradesh, India

Ganga temple, Papavinasanam

Museum in Tirumala

Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple is an abode of Lord Venkateswara
Lord Venkateswara
situated in Tirumala. It is also known as Tirumala
Tirumala
Temple.[15] Natural Arch is located north of the temple, which measures 8 m (26 ft) wide and 3 m (9.8 ft) high and was naturally formed from the quartz. Srivaari Paadamulu (the footprints of Lord) are believed to be the footprints of Lord Venkateswara
Lord Venkateswara
formed when he first stood on Tirumala
Tirumala
Hills.[16] Papavinasanam is a waterfall flowing from a tributary of the Swarnamukhi River. It also has a temple where seven lion-headed channels open from a height for deities to bathe below them. A temple dedicated to goddess Ganga is located near the enclosure. Akaasa Ganga is another natural waterfall in Tirumala.[17] Transport[edit] Foot Steps There are two paths to travel on foot from Tirupati
Tirupati
to Tirumala. These paths are called Sopanamargas. The Devotees to fulfil their Vow to Lord Venkateswara
Lord Venkateswara
will take this path to reach Tirumala
Tirumala
on foot from Tirupati. Both the paths are completely roofed and passes through seven hills which are part of Seshachalam
Seshachalam
Hills.[18][19]

Alipiri
Alipiri
Metlu – The first and Ancient path starts from Alipiri
Alipiri
and consists of a total 3550 Steps which makes a distance of 11 km. At Alipiri
Alipiri
there is a temple dedicated to Lord Venkateswara
Lord Venkateswara
called Padalamandapam. There are Four Gopurams(Temple Towers) on the way.[20]

Spotted deer in the park

Srivari Mettu – It originates at Srinivasa Mangapuram, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Tirupati. It is 2.1 kilometres (1.3 mi) long.[20] This trail has 2400 steps and is shorter than Alipiri
Alipiri
Metlu path.

Road Tirumala
Tirumala
can be accessed by road from Alipiri. The distance is 23 kilometres (14 mi). There are two roads from Alipiri
Alipiri
to Tirumala, one each dedicated to up and down traffic. The state government-owned Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) operates frequent Saptagiri and Saptagiri Express buses from Tirupati
Tirupati
and Alipiri
Alipiri
and also from nearby places. Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devasthanams (TTD) runs free buses for transit within Tirumala. Rail The nearest railway station is at Tirupati, about 26 kilometres (16 mi) from Tirumala. Tirupati
Tirupati
Main is one of the major railway station in the South Central Railway
South Central Railway
zone of the Indian Railways, providing rail connectivity to major parts of India. It is under the jurisdiction of Guntakal railway division.[21] Renigunta Junction is another important railway station which lies on the Chennai
Chennai
– Mumbai rail corridor is 38 kilometres (24 mi) away from Tirumala. Airport The nearest airport is Tirupati
Tirupati
Airport, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Tirumala. It is a domestic airport with direct flights to Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
and New Delhi. The nearest major airport is the Chennai
Chennai
International Airport, located about 162 kilometres (101 mi) from Tirumala. See also[edit]

Hindu Temples in Tirupati List of census towns in Andhra Pradesh

References[edit]

^ a b "District Census
Census
Handbook - Chittoor" (PDF). Census
Census
of India. p. 14,226. Retrieved 20 November 2015.  ^ "AP bars propagating other faiths near shrines".  ^ "Geological Survey of India
India
- Monuments of Stratigraphic Significance". Retrieved 2015-07-22.  ^ "Geological Survey of India
India
- Monuments of Stratigraphic Significance". Retrieved 2015-07-22.  ^ "CLIMATOLOGICAL TABLE PERIOD: 1981–2010". Indian Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2016-01-31.  ^ http://www.imdpune.gov.in/Temp_Extremes/histext2010.pdf ^ http://www.srivaishnava.org/ddesam/ddesam.htm ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ "WELCOME TO CENSUS OF INDIA : Census
Census
India
India
Library". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-03-10.  ^ "Pilgrims throng Tirumala". Deccan Herrald. Retrieved 21 June 2015.  ^ "Rathasapthami photos". Archived from the original on 2009-10-27.  ^ "Only TTD entitled to make or sell ' Tirupati
Tirupati
laddu': High Court". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "Now, Geographical Indication rights for ' Tirupati
Tirupati
laddu'". Business Standard. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "Heritage in Tirupati-SV Museum". Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Tourism board. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ " Tirumala
Tirumala
Temple". Retrieved 13 September 2007.  ^ "Scratch-proof glass case to cover Srivari Padalu on Tirumala". The New Indian Express. Tirumala. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ "Cascading waterfalls enliven Tirumala". Deccan Chronicle. Tirupati. 11 November 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
to Tirumala
Tirumala
on Foot". Tirumala
Tirumala
Tirupati
Tirupati
Devastanams. Retrieved 2015-06-06.  ^ "By Walk to Tirumala
Tirumala
Hills". Go Tirupati. Retrieved 2015-06-06.  ^ a b " Tirupati
Tirupati
to Tirumala
Tirumala
on Foot". Pedestrian path (foot way) to Tirumala. Retrieved 19 December 2012.  ^ " Tirupati
Tirupati
Main". Indiarailinfo. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tirumala
Tirumala
Hills.

Most Visited Holy Place in the World – World Record Vasista ashramam,Srinivasa Mangapura

.