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U+11480–U+114DF Final Accepted Script Proposal

Tirhuta
Tirhuta
or Mithilakshar is the script used for the Maithili language originating in the Mithila region of Bihar, India
India
and the eastern Terai
Terai
region of Nepal. The oldest reference to Tirhuta
Tirhuta
script is in Janaki Mandir
Janaki Mandir
where Rama
Rama
and Sita
Sita
are believed to have wed.[1] The script has a rich history spanning a thousand years, but years of neglect by Nepal
Nepal
and the Bihar
Bihar
government have taken their toll on the use of Tirhuta. Most speakers of Maithili have switched to using the Devanagari
Devanagari
script, which is also used to write neighboring Central Indic languages such as Nepali and Hindi. As a result, the number of people with a working knowledge of Tirhuta
Tirhuta
has dropped considerably in recent years.

Contents

1 History and current status 2 Signs of the script

2.1 Consonant signs 2.2 Vowels 2.3 Other signs 2.4 Numerals

3 Image gallery 4 Unicode 5 References 6 External links

History and current status[edit] The oldest specimen of Tirhuta
Tirhuta
is at Janaki Mandir. It is one of the place that had a major role in the development of the Sanskrit language. Despite the near universal switch from Tirhuta
Tirhuta
to the Devanagari script
Devanagari script
for writing Maithili, some traditional pundits still use the script for sending one another ceremonial letters (pātā) related to some important function such as marriage. Fonts for this script were developed in 2003.[1] The 2003 inclusion of Maithili in the VIIIth Schedule of the Indian Constitution having accorded official recognition to it as a language independent of Hindi, there is a possibility that this might lead to efforts to reimplement Tirhuta
Tirhuta
on a wider basis, in accord with similar trends in India
India
reinforcing separate identities. However, currently, only Maithili in the Devanagari script
Devanagari script
is officially recognized. Signs of the script[edit] Consonant signs[edit]

Consonants

Sign Transcription

Image Text IAST IPA

𑒏 ka /ka/

𑒐 kha /kʰа/

𑒑 ga /gа/

𑒒 gha /gʱа/

𑒓 ṅa /ŋа/

𑒔 ca /t͡ʃa/

𑒕 cha /t͡ʃʰa/

𑒖 ja /d͡ʒa/

𑒗 jha /d͡ʒʱa/

𑒘 ña /ɲa/

𑒙 ṭa /ʈa/

𑒚 ṭha /ʈʰa/

𑒛 ḍa /ɖa/

𑒜 ḍha /ɖʱa/

𑒝 ṇa /ɳa/

𑒞 ta /t̪a/

𑒟 tha /t̪ʰa/

𑒠 da /d̪a/

𑒡 dha /d̪ʱa/

𑒢 na /na/

𑒣 pa /pa/

𑒤 pha /pʰa/

𑒥 ba /ba/

𑒦 bha /bʱa/

𑒧 ma /ma/

𑒨 ya /ja/

𑒩 ra /ra/

𑒪 la /la/

𑒫 va /ʋa/

𑒬 śa /ʃa/

𑒭 ṣa /ʂa/

𑒮 sa /sa/

𑒯 ha /ɦa/

Vowels[edit]

Vowels

Independent Dependent Transcription

Image Text Image Text IAST IPA

𑒁

a /а/

𑒂

 𑒰 ā /а:/

𑒃

 𑒱 і /і/

𑒄

 𑒲 ī /і:/

𑒅

 𑒳 u /u/

𑒆

 𑒴 ū /u:/

𑒇

 𑒵 ṛ /r̩/

𑒈

 𑒶 ṝ /r̩ː/

𑒉

 𑒷 ḷ /l̩/

𑒊

 𑒸 ḹ /l̩ː/

𑒋

 𑒹 ē /е:/

 𑒺 e /е/

𑒌

 𑒻 аі /аі/

𑒍

 𑒼 ō /о:/

 𑒽 о /о/

𑒎

 𑒾 аu /аu/

Other signs[edit]

Other dependent signs

Image Text Name Notes

 𑒿 candrabindu marks the nasalization of a vowel

 𑓀 anusvara marks nasalization

 𑓁 visarga marks the sound [h], which is an allophone of [r] and [s] in pausa (at the end of an utterance)

 𑓂 virama used to suppress the inherent vowel

 𑓃 nukta used to create new consonant signs

𑓄 avagraha used to indicate prodelision of an [a]

𑓅 gvang used to mark nasalization

Numerals[edit] Tirhuta
Tirhuta
script uses its own signs for the positional decimal numeral system.

Digits

Image

Text 𑓐 𑓑 𑓒 𑓓 𑓔 𑓕 𑓖 𑓗 𑓘 𑓙

Digit 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Image gallery[edit] The first two images shown below are samples illustrating the history of Tirhuta. The first is the sacred sign of Ganesha, called āñjī, used for millennia by students before beginning Tirhuta
Tirhuta
studies. Displayed further below are images of tables comparing the Tirhuta
Tirhuta
and Devanagari
Devanagari
scripts.

Unicode[edit] Main article: Tirhuta
Tirhuta
( Unicode
Unicode
block) Tirhuta
Tirhuta
script was added to the Unicode
Unicode
Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0. The Unicode
Unicode
block for Tirhuta
Tirhuta
is U+11480–U+114DF:

Tirhuta[1][2] Official Unicode
Unicode
Consortium code chart (PDF)

  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F

U+1148x 𑒀 𑒁 𑒂 𑒃 𑒄 𑒅 𑒆 𑒇 𑒈 𑒉 𑒊 𑒋 𑒌 𑒍 𑒎 𑒏

U+1149x 𑒐 𑒑 𑒒 𑒓 𑒔 𑒕 𑒖 𑒗 𑒘 𑒙 𑒚 𑒛 𑒜 𑒝 𑒞 𑒟

U+114Ax 𑒠 𑒡 𑒢 𑒣 𑒤 𑒥 𑒦 𑒧 𑒨 𑒩 𑒪 𑒫 𑒬 𑒭 𑒮 𑒯

U+114Bx 𑒰 𑒱 𑒲 𑒳 𑒴 𑒵 𑒶 𑒷 𑒸 𑒹 𑒺 𑒻 𑒼 𑒽 𑒾 𑒿

U+114Cx 𑓀 𑓁 𑓂 𑓃 𑓄 𑓅 𑓆 𑓇

U+114Dx 𑓐 𑓑 𑓒 𑓓 𑓔 𑓕 𑓖 𑓗 𑓘 𑓙

Notes

1.^ As of Unicode
Unicode
version 10.0 2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

References[edit]

^ a b Pandey, Anshuman (2011-05-05). "N4035: Proposal to Encode the Tirhuta
Tirhuta
Script in ISO/IEC 10646" (PDF). Working Group Document, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2. 

External links[edit]

free Download Tirhuta
Tirhuta
(Maithili) Fonts Tirhuta
Tirhuta
Lipi: Native Script of Maithili Mithila Online Learn Mithilakshara by Gajendra Thakur

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Tirhut division
Tirhut division
topics

General

Kesaria Lauria Nandangarh Mahatma Gandhi Setu Tirhut Tirhuta Vaishali (ancient city)

Districts

East Champaran Muzaffarpur Sheohar Sitamarhi Vaishali West Champaran

Locations other than cities and towns

Sonbarsa Anuja Auraia Bahuarwa Bahuarwa Bairia Bairia Baitapur Bakhri Banwaria Bargajwa Bargajwa Bargon Barnihar Barwa (216634) Barwa (216656) Barwa Barauli Baswaria Balua Belwa Belwania Bhabhta Bhagauna Bhasurari Bhataura Bheriharwa Bijbania Binwalia Bishunpurwa Bishunpurwa Champapur Chanki Chaurbar Chitamanpur Dakahwa Dhaarahwa Dhaminha Dhobaha Dhumnagiar Durgaulia Garurha Gobardhana Hainswa Harditerha Harpur Harsari Imilia Indarwa Jaimangalpur Jamunia Katahri Katgharwa Kesaria Khairwa Kharkatwa Khiria Koirganwan Kukurha Kundalpur Langra Laukaria Lediharwa Madhubani village Maga Rahi Maheshpur Mahuawa Majharia Majharia Malda Maldahia Maldi Manwa Marhia Mathia Mathia Khap Mathia Nisf Mathura Matiaria Merraul Motihari Mujauna, Shikarpur Mujauna, Sugauli Murli Murli Musaharwa Nankar Natkatia Nautanwa

Community development blocks

Desri Goraul Majorganj Raghopur Sahebganj

Rivers

Bagmati Burhi Gandak Gandaki Ganges Lakhandei

Transport

NH 19 NH 28A NH 28B NH 57 NH 57A NH 77 NH 102 NH 103 NH 104 Barauni–Gorakhpur, Raxaul and Jainagar lines Barauni–Samastipur–Muzaffarpur–Hajipur line Muzaffarpur–Gorakhpur line (via Hajipur, Raxaul and Sitamarhi) Muzaffarpur–Gorakhpur main line Muzaffarpur–Hajipur section Samastipur–Muzaffarpur section Barauni–Samastipur section

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Former Lok Sabha constituencies

Bagaha Bettiah Motihari

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West Champaran

Valmiki Nagar Ramnagar Narkatiaganj Bagaha Lauriya Nautan Chanpatia Bettiah Sikta

East Champaran

Raxaul Sugauli Narkatiya Harsidhi Govindganj Kesaria Kalyanpur Pipra Madhuban Motihari Chiraia Dhaka

Sheohar

Sheohar

Sitamarhi

Riga Bathnala Parihar Sursand Bajpatti Sitamarhi Runnisaidpur Belsand

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Gaighat Aurai Minapur Bochahan Sakra Kurhani Muzaffarpur Kanti Baruraj Paroo Sahebganj

Vaishali

Hajipur Lalganj Vaishali Mahua Raja Pakar Raghopur Mahnar Patepur

Former Vidhan Sabha constituencies

Dhanaha Shikarpur Adapur Ghorasahan Majorganj Sonbarsha Pupri Jandaha

See also

Cities and towns in Tirhut
Tirhut
Division Villages in West Champaran district Villages in East Champaran district Villages in Sitamarhi district Villages in Muzaffarpur district Villages in Vaishali district People from Sitamarhi district Bihar
Bihar
topics

Other Divisions

Bhagalpur Darbhanga Kosi Magadh Munger

.