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U+11480–U+114DF Final Accepted Script Proposal

TIRHUTA or MITHILAKSHAR is the script used for the Maithili language originating in the Mithila region of Bihar , India
India
and the eastern Terai region of Nepal
Nepal
. The oldest reference to Tirhuta
Tirhuta
script is in Janaki Mandir where Rama
Rama
and Sita
Sita
are believed to have wed. The script has a rich history spanning a thousand years, but years of neglect by Nepal
Nepal
and the Bihar government have taken their toll on the use of Tirhuta. Most speakers of Maithili have switched to using the Devanagari script , which is also used to write neighboring Central Indic languages such as Nepali and Hindi . As a result, the number of people with a working knowledge of Tirhuta
Tirhuta
has dropped considerably in recent years.

CONTENTS

* 1 History and current status

* 2 Signs of the script

* 2.1 Consonant signs * 2.2 Vowels * 2.3 Other signs * 2.4 Numerals

* 3 Image gallery * 4 Unicode * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY AND CURRENT STATUS

The oldest specimen of Tirhuta
Tirhuta
is at Janaki Mandir . It is one of the place that had a major role in the development of the Sanskrit language. Despite the near universal switch from Tirhuta
Tirhuta
to the Devanagari script for writing Maithili, some traditional pundits still use the script for sending one another ceremonial letters (pātā) related to some important function such as marriage. Fonts for this script were developed in 2003.

The 2003 inclusion of Maithili in the VIIIth Schedule of the Indian Constitution having accorded official recognition to it as a language independent of Hindi, there is a possibility that this might lead to efforts to reimplement Tirhuta
Tirhuta
on a wider basis, in accord with similar trends in India
India
reinforcing separate identities. However, currently, only Maithili in the Devanagari script is officially recognized.

SIGNS OF THE SCRIPT

CONSONANT SIGNS

Consonants SIGN TRANSCRIPTION

IMAGE TEXT IAST IPA

𑒏 ka /kа/

𑒐 kha /kʰа/

𑒑 ga /gа/

𑒒 gha /gʱа/

𑒓 ṅa /ŋа/

𑒔 ca /t͡ʃa/

𑒕 cha /t͡ʃʰa/

𑒖 ja /d͡ʒa/

𑒗 jha /d͡ʒʱa/

𑒘 ña /ɲa/

𑒙 ṭa /ʈa/

𑒚 ṭha /ʈʰa/

𑒛 ḍa /ɖa/

𑒜 ḍha /ɖʱa/

𑒝 ṇa /ɳa/

𑒞 ta /t̪a/

𑒟 tha /t̪ʰa/

𑒠 da /d̪a/

𑒡 dha /d̪ʱa/

𑒢 na /na/

𑒣 pa /pa/

𑒤 pha /pʰa/

𑒥 ba /ba/

𑒦 bha /bʱa/

𑒧 ma /ma/

𑒨 ya /ja/

𑒩 ra /ra/

𑒪 la /la/

𑒫 va /ʋa/

𑒬 śa /ʃa/

𑒭 ṣa /ʂa/

𑒮 sa /sa/

𑒯 ha /ɦa/

VOWELS

Vowels INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT TRANSCRIPTION

IMAGE TEXT IMAGE TEXT IAST IPA

𑒁

a /а/

𑒂

𑒰 ā /а:/

𑒃

𑒱 і /і/

𑒄

𑒲 ī /і:/

𑒅

𑒳 u /u/

𑒆

𑒴 ū /u:/

𑒇

𑒵 ṛ /r̩/

𑒈

𑒶 ṝ /r̩ː/

𑒉

𑒷 ḷ /l̩/

𑒊

𑒸 ḹ /l̩ː/

𑒋

𑒹 ē /е:/

𑒺 e /е/

𑒌

𑒻 аі /аі/

𑒍

𑒼 ō /о:/

𑒽 о /о/

𑒎

𑒾 аu /аu/

OTHER SIGNS

Other dependent signs IMAGE TEXT NAME NOTES

𑒿 candrabindu marks the nasalization of a vowel

𑓀 anusvara marks nasalization

𑓁 visarga marks the sound , which is an allophone of and in pausa (at the end of an utterance )

𑓂 virama used to suppress the inherent vowel

𑓃 nukta used to create new consonant signs

𑓄 avagraha used to indicate prodelision of an

𑓅 gvang used to mark nasalization

NUMERALS

Tirhuta
Tirhuta
script uses its own signs for the positional decimal numeral system .

Digits IMAGE

TEXT 𑓐 𑓑 𑓒 𑓓 𑓔 𑓕 𑓖 𑓗 𑓘 𑓙

DIGIT 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

IMAGE GALLERY

The first two images shown below are samples illustrating the history of Tirhuta. The first is the sacred sign of Ganesha
Ganesha
, called āñjī, used for millennia by students before beginning Tirhuta
Tirhuta
studies. Displayed further below are images of tables comparing the Tirhuta
Tirhuta
and Devanagari scripts.

* * * * * * * * * * * * *

UNICODE

Main article: Tirhuta (Unicode block)

Tirhuta
Tirhuta
script was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.

The Unicode block for Tirhuta
Tirhuta
is U+11480–U+114DF:

TIRHUTA Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F

U+1148x 𑒀 𑒁 𑒂 𑒃 𑒄 𑒅 𑒆 𑒇 𑒈 𑒉 𑒊 𑒋 𑒌 𑒍 𑒎 𑒏

U+1149x 𑒐 𑒑 𑒒 𑒓 𑒔 𑒕 𑒖 𑒗 𑒘 𑒙 𑒚 𑒛 𑒜 𑒝 𑒞 𑒟

U+114Ax 𑒠 𑒡 𑒢 𑒣 𑒤 𑒥 𑒦 𑒧 𑒨 𑒩 𑒪 𑒫 𑒬 𑒭 𑒮 𑒯

U+114Bx 𑒰 𑒱 𑒲 𑒳 𑒴 𑒵 𑒶 𑒷 𑒸 𑒹 𑒺 𑒻 𑒼 𑒽 𑒾 𑒿

U+114Cx 𑓀 𑓁 𑓂 𑓃 𑓄 𑓅 𑓆 𑓇

U+114Dx 𑓐 𑓑 𑓒 𑓓 𑓔 𑓕 𑓖 𑓗 𑓘 𑓙

NOTES 1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0 2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Pandey, Anshuman (2011-05-05). "N4035: Proposal to Encode the Tirhuta
Tirhuta
Script in ISO/IEC 10646" (PDF). Working Group Document, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* free Download Tirhuta
Tirhuta
(Maithili) Fonts * Tirhuta
Tirhuta
Lipi: Native Script of Maithili * Mithila Online * Learn Mithilakshara by Gajendra Thakur

* v * t * e

Types of writing systems

OVERVIEW

* History of writing * Grapheme

LISTS

* Writing systems

* undeciphered * inventors * constructed

* Languages by writing system / by first written accounts

TYPES

ABJADS

* Numerals

* Aramaic

* Hatran

* Arabic * Pitman shorthand
Pitman shorthand

* Hebrew

* Ashuri * Cursive * Rashi *