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The Info List - Tiphiidae



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Brachycistidinae Tiphiinae

The TIPHIIDAE (also known as the TIPHIID WASPS) are a family of large solitary wasps whose larvae are parasitoids of various beetle larvae, especially those in the superfamily Scarabaeoidea
Scarabaeoidea
. Until recently, this family contained several additional subfamilies, but multiple studies have independently confirmed that these comprise a separate lineage, and are now classified in the family Thynnidae .

The females of some Brachycistidinae are wingless, and hunt ground-dwelling (fossorial ) beetle larvae. The prey is paralysed with the female's sting and an egg is lain on it so the wasp larva has a ready supply of food. As some of the ground-dwelling scarab species attacked by tiphiids are pests, some of these wasps are considered beneficial as biological control agents.

EXAMPLES

* Tiphia femorata

REFERENCES

* ^ Pilgrim, E.; von Dohlen, C.; Pitts, J. (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies". Zoologica Scripta. 37 (5): 539–560. doi :10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00340.x . * ^ Johnson, B.R.; et al. (2013). "Phylogenomics Resolves Evolutionary Relationships among Ants, Bees, and Wasps". Current Biology. 23 (20): 2058–2062. PMID 24094856 . doi :10.1016/j.cub.2013.08.050 .

Wikimedia Commons has media related to TIPHIIDAE .

TAXON IDENTIFIERS

* Wd : Q1933372 * ADW : Tiphiidae * BugGuide : 107 * EoL : 734 * Fossilworks : 71994 * GBIF : 7919 * iNaturalist : 132105 * ITIS : 154175 * NCBI : 92421

* v * t * e

Extant Hymenopteran families

* Kingdom: Animalia * Phylum: Arthropoda * Class: Insecta * Subclass: Pterygota
Pterygota
* Infraclass: Neoptera
Neoptera
* Superorder: Endopterygota
Endopterygota

S y m p h y t a

XYELOIDEA Xyelidae
Xyelidae

PAMPHILIOIDEA

* Megalodontesidae
Megalodontesidae
* Pamphiliidae
Pamphiliidae
(web-spinning sawflies)

TENTHREDINOIDEA

* Argidae (argid sawflies) * Blasticotomidae
Blasticotomidae
(fern sawflies) * Cimbicidae (cimbicid sawflies) * Diprionidae
Diprionidae
(conifer sawflies) * Pergidae (pergid sawflies) * Tenthredinidae
Tenthredinidae
(common sawflies)

CEPHOIDEA

* Cephidae
Cephidae
(stem sawflies)

SIRICOIDEA

* Anaxyelidae (cedar wood wasps) * Siricidae (horntails)

XIPHYDRIOIDEA

* Xiphydriidae (wood wasps)

ORUSSOIDEA

* Orussidae (parasitic wood wasps)

A p o c r i t a

P a r a s i t i c a

ICHNEUMONOIDEA

* Braconidae (braconids) * Ichneumonidae
Ichneumonidae
(ichneumon wasps)

CERAPHRONOIDEA

* Ceraphronidae * Megaspilidae

PROCTOTRUPOMORPHA

PLATYGASTROIDEA

* Platygastridae * Scelionidae

CYNIPOIDEA

* Austrocynipidae * Cynipidae (gall wasps) * Figitidae * Ibaliidae * Liopteridae

PROCTOTRUPOIDEA (S.STR.)

* Proctorenyxidae * Roproniidae * Heloridae * Pelecinidae * Peradeniidae * Proctotrupidae * Vanhorniidae

DIAPRIOIDEA

* Austroniidae * Diapriidae * Maamingidae * Monomachidae

MYMAROMMATOIDEA

* Mymarommatidae

Chalcidoidea (chalcid wasps)

* Agaonidae (fig wasps) * Aphelinidae * Chalcididae * Encyrtidae * Eucharitidae * Eulophidae * Eupelmidae * Eurytomidae * Leucospidae
Leucospidae
* Mymaridae (fairyflies) * Ormyridae
Ormyridae
* Perilampidae * Pteromalidae * Rotoitidae * Signiphoridae * Tanaostigmatidae * Tetracampidae
Tetracampidae
* Torymidae * Trichogrammatidae
Trichogrammatidae

EVANIOIDEA

* Aulacidae * Evaniidae (ensign wasps) * Gasteruptiidae
Gasteruptiidae

STEPHANOIDEA

* Stephanidae

MEGALYROIDEA

* Megalyridae

TRIGONALOIDEA

* Trigonalidae

A c u l e a t a

CHRYSIDOIDEA

* Bethylidae * Chrysididae (cuckoo wasps) * Dryinidae * Embolemidae * Plumariidae * Sclerogibbidae * Scolebythidae

VESPOIDEA

* Rhopalosomatidae (rhopalosomatid wasps) * Vespidae
Vespidae
(paper wasps, potter wasps, pollen wasps, yellowjackets, hornets)

TIPHIOIDEA

* Bradynobaenidae * Tiphiidae (tiphiid wasps)

THYNNOIDEA

* Chyphotidae * Thynnidae (flower wasps) * Sierolomorphidae (sierolomorphid wasps)

POMPILOIDEA

* Mutillidae
Mutillidae
(velvet ants) * Myrmosidae * Pompilidae (spider wasps) * Sapygidae (sapygid, or club-horned wasps)

SCOLIOIDEA

* Scoliidae (scoliid wasps)

FORMICOIDEA

* Formicidae (ants)

APOIDEA

Spheciformes (sphecoid wasps)

* Ampulicidae (cockroach wasps) * Crabronidae
Crabronidae
(sand wasps, bee wolves) * Heterogynaidae * Sphecidae
Sphecidae
(thread-waisted wasps)

Anthophila (bees)

* Andrenidae
Andrenidae
(mason bees) * Apidae
Apidae
(honey bees , bumblebees , cuckoo bees , carpenter bees , orchid bees , stingless bees ) * Colletidae
Colletidae
(plasterer bees) * Halictidae
Halictidae
(sweat bees) * Megachilidae
Megachilidae
(mason bees, leafcutter bees) * Melittidae
Melittidae
* Stenotritidae

* Italic are paraphyletic groups * Based on Malm and Nyman (2015) and Peters et al (2017)

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