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The Info List - Tiphiidae


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Brachycistidinae Tiphiinae

The Tiphiidae (also known as the tiphiid wasps) are a family of large solitary wasps whose larvae are parasitoids of various beetle larvae, especially those in the superfamily Scarabaeoidea. Until recently, this family contained several additional subfamilies, but multiple studies have independently confirmed that these comprise a separate lineage, and are now classified in the family Thynnidae.[1][2] The females of some Brachycistidinae
Brachycistidinae
are wingless, and hunt ground-dwelling (fossorial) beetle larvae. The prey is paralysed with the female's sting and an egg is lain on it so the wasp larva has a ready supply of food. As some of the ground-dwelling scarab species attacked by tiphiids are pests, some of these wasps are considered beneficial as biological control agents. Examples[edit]

Tiphia femorata

References[edit]

^ Pilgrim, E.; von Dohlen, C.; Pitts, J. (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea
Vespoidea
indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies". Zoologica Scripta. 37 (5): 539–560. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00340.x.  ^ Johnson, B.R.; et al. (2013). "Phylogenomics Resolves Evolutionary Relationships among Ants, Bees, and Wasps". Current Biology. 23 (20): 2058–2062. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2013.08.050. PMID 24094856. 

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Extant Hymenopteran families

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Infraclass: Neoptera Superorder: Endopterygota

S y m p h y t a

Xyeloidea

Xyelidae

Pamphilioidea

Megalodontesidae Pamphiliidae
Pamphiliidae
(web-spinning sawflies)

Tenthredinoidea

Argidae
Argidae
(argid sawflies) Blasticotomidae
Blasticotomidae
(fern sawflies) Cimbicidae
Cimbicidae
(cimbicid sawflies) Diprionidae
Diprionidae
(conifer sawflies) Pergidae
Pergidae
(pergid sawflies) Tenthredinidae
Tenthredinidae
(common sawflies)

U n i c.

Cephoidea

Cephidae
Cephidae
(stem sawflies)

Siricoidea

Anaxyelidae
Anaxyelidae
(cedar wood wasps) Siricidae (horntails)

Xiphydrioidea

Xiphydriidae
Xiphydriidae
(wood wasps)

Orussoidea

Orussidae
Orussidae
(parasitic wood wasps)

A p o c r i t a

U n i c a l c a r i d a

P a r a s i t i c a

Ichneumonoidea

Braconidae
Braconidae
(braconids) Ichneumonidae
Ichneumonidae
(ichneumon wasps)

Ceraphronoidea

Ceraphronidae Megaspilidae

Proctotrupomorpha

Platygastroidea

Platygastridae Scelionidae

Cynipoidea

Austrocynipidae Cynipidae (gall wasps) Figitidae Ibaliidae Liopteridae

Proctotrupoidea
Proctotrupoidea
(s.str.)

Proctorenyxidae Roproniidae Heloridae Pelecinidae Peradeniidae Proctotrupidae Vanhorniidae

Diaprioidea

Austroniidae Diapriidae Maamingidae Monomachidae

Mymarommatoidea

Mymarommatidae

Chalcidoidea (chalcid wasps)

Agaonidae (fig wasps) Aphelinidae Chalcididae Encyrtidae Eucharitidae Eulophidae Eupelmidae Eurytomidae Leucospidae Mymaridae (fairyflies) Ormyridae Perilampidae Pteromalidae Rotoitidae Signiphoridae Tanaostigmatidae Tetracampidae Torymidae Trichogrammatidae

Evanioidea

Aulacidae Evaniidae
Evaniidae
(ensign wasps) Gasteruptiidae

Stephanoidea

Stephanidae

Megalyroidea

Megalyridae

Trigonaloidea

Trigonalidae

A c u l e a t a

Chrysidoidea

Bethylidae Chrysididae (cuckoo wasps) Dryinidae Embolemidae Plumariidae Sclerogibbidae Scolebythidae

Vespoidea

Rhopalosomatidae
Rhopalosomatidae
(rhopalosomatid wasps) Vespidae
Vespidae
(paper wasps, potter wasps, pollen wasps, yellowjackets, hornets)

Tiphioidea

Bradynobaenidae Tiphiidae (tiphiid wasps)

Thynnoidea

Chyphotidae Thynnidae
Thynnidae
(flower wasps) Sierolomorphidae
Sierolomorphidae
(sierolomorphid wasps)

Pompiloidea

Mutillidae
Mutillidae
(velvet ants) Myrmosidae Pompilidae (spider wasps) Sapygidae
Sapygidae
(sapygid, or club-horned wasps)

Scolioidea

Scoliidae
Scoliidae
(scoliid wasps)

Formicoidea

Formicidae (ants)

Apoidea

Spheciformes (sphecoid wasps)

Ampulicidae
Ampulicidae
(cockroach wasps) Crabronidae
Crabronidae
(sand wasps, bee wolves) Heterogynaidae Sphecidae
Sphecidae
(thread-waisted wasps)

Anthophila (bees)

Andrenidae
Andrenidae
(mason bees) Apidae
Apidae
(honey bees, bumblebees, cuckoo bees, carpenter bees, orchid bees, stingless bees) Colletidae
Colletidae
(plasterer bees) Halictidae
Halictidae
(sweat bees) Megachilidae
Megachilidae
(mason bees, leafcutter bees) Melittidae Stenotritidae

Italic are paraphyletic groups Based on Malm and Nyman (2015) and Peters et al (2017)

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1933372 ADW: Tiphiidae BugGuide: 107 EoL: 734 EPPO: 1TIPHF Fauna Europaea: 11362 Fossilworks: 71994 GBIF: 7919 iNaturalist: 132105 ITIS: 154175

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