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The Times of India
The Times of India
(TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group. It is the fourth-largest newspaper in India by circulation and largest selling English-language daily in the world[2][3][4][5] according to Audit Bureau of Circulations (India).[1][6] It is the oldest English-language newspaper in India still in circulation,[7] with its first edition published in 1838. and the second-oldest Indian newspaper still in circulation after the Bombay
Bombay
Samachar. Near the beginning of the 20th century, Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India, called The Times of India
The Times of India
"the leading paper in Asia".[8][9] In 1991, the BBC
BBC
ranked The Times of India
The Times of India
among the world's six best newspapers.[10][11] It is owned and published by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd., which is owned by the Sahu Jain family. In the Brand Trust Report 2012 The Times of India was ranked 88th among India's most-trusted brands. In 2017, however, the newspaper was ranked 355th.[12]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Beginnings 1.2 Bennett and Coleman ownership 1.3 Dalmiya ownership 1.4 Jain family (Shanti Prasad Jain) 1.5 Under the Government of India 1.6 Back to the Jain family 1.7 During the Emergency 1.8 The Times in the 21st century 1.9 TOIFA Awards

2 Editions and publications 3 Times Group Network 4 Notable employees 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit]

Times of India Buildings, ca. 1898

Beginnings[edit] The Times of India
The Times of India
issued its first edition on 3 November 1838 as The Bombay
Bombay
Times and Journal of Commerce.[13][14] The paper published Wednesdays and Saturdays under the direction of Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar, a Maharashtrian Reformist, and contained news from Britain and the world, as well as the Indian Subcontinent. J.E. Brennan was its first editor.[15][16] In 1850, it began to publish daily editions. In 1860, editor Robert Knight (1825–1892) bought the Indian shareholders' interests, merged with rival Bombay
Bombay
Standard, and started India's first news agency. It wired Times dispatches to papers across the country and became the Indian agent for Reuters
Reuters
news service. In 1861, he changed the name from the Bombay
Bombay
Times and Standard to The Times of India. Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or intimidation, frequently resisting the attempts by governments, business interests, and cultural spokesmen and led the paper to national prominence.[17][18] In the 19th century, this newspaper company employed more than 800 people and had a sizeable circulation in India and Europe. Bennett and Coleman ownership[edit] Subsequently, The Times of India
The Times of India
saw its ownership change several times until 1892 when, Thomas Bennett and Frank Morris Coleman, who later drowned in the 1915 sinking of the SS Persia, acquired the newspaper through their new company, Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Dalmiya ownership[edit] Sir Stanley Reed edited The Times of India
The Times of India
from 1907 until 1924 and received correspondence from the major figures of India such as Mahatma Gandhi. In all he lived in India for fifty years. He was respected in the United Kingdom as an expert on Indian current affairs. He christened Jaipur
Jaipur
as "the Pink City of India". Bennett Coleman & Co. Ltd was sold to sugar magnate Ramkrishna Dalmia of the then-famous industrial family, the Dalmiyas, for Rs 20 million in 1946, as India was becoming independent and the British owners were leaving.[19] In 1955 the Vivian Bose Commission of Inquiry found that Ramkrishna Dalmia, in 1947, had engineered the acquisition of the media giant Bennett Coleman & Co. by transferring money from a bank and an insurance company of which he was the Chairman. In the court case that followed, Ramkrishna Dalmia was sentenced to two years in Tihar Jail
Tihar Jail
after having been convicted of embezzlement and fraud.[20] But for most of the jail term he managed to spend in hospital. Upon his release, his son-in-law, Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain, to whom he had entrusted the running of Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. rebuffed his efforts to resume command of the company.[20][21] Jain family (Shanti Prasad Jain)[edit] In the early 1960s, Shanti Prasad Jain was imprisoned on charges of selling newsprint on the black market.[22][23] And based on the Vivian Bose Commission's earlier report which found wrongdoings of the Dalmia – Jain group, that included specific charges against Shanti Prasad Jain, the Government of India
Government of India
filed a petition to restrain and remove the management of Bennett, Coleman and Company. Based on the pleading, Justice directed the Government to assume control of the newspaper which resulted in replacing half of the directors and appointing a Bombay
Bombay
(now Mumbai) High Court judge as the Chairman.[24] Under the Government of India[edit] Following the Vivian Bose Commission report indicating serious wrongdoings of the Dalmia–Jain group, on 28 August 1969, the Bombay High Court, under Justice J. L. Nain, passed an interim order to disband the existing board of Bennett Coleman and to constitute a new board under the Government. The bench ruled that "Under these circumstances, the best thing would be to pass such orders on the assumption that the allegations made by the petitioners that the affairs of the company were being conducted in a manner prejudicial to public interest and to the interests of the Company are correct".[25] Following that order, Shanti Prasad Jain ceased to be a director and the company ran with new directors on board, appointed by the Government of India, with the exception of a lone stenographer of the Jains. Curiously, the court appointed D K Kunte as Chairman of the Board. Kunte had no prior business experience and was also an opposition member of the Lok Sabha. Back to the Jain family[edit] In 1976, during the Emergency in India, the Government transferred ownership of the newspaper back to Ashok Kumar Jain (Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain's son, Ramkrishna Dalmia's grandson and the father of Samir Jain and Vineet Jain).[26] The Jains too often landed themselves in various money laundering scams and Ashok Kumar Jain had to flee the country when the Enforcement Directorate
Enforcement Directorate
pursued his case strongly in 1998 for alleged violations of illegal transfer of funds (to the tune of US$1.25 million) to an overseas account in Switzerland.[27][28][29][30] During the Emergency[edit] On 26 June 1975, the day after India declared a state of emergency, the Bombay
Bombay
edition of The Times of India
The Times of India
carried an entry in its obituary column that read "D.E.M. O'Cracy, beloved husband of T.Ruth, father of L.I.Bertie, brother of Faith, Hope and Justice expired on 25 June".[31] The move was a critique of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's 21-month state of emergency, which is now widely known as "the Emergency" and seen by many as a roundly authoritarian era of Indian government.[32][33] The Times in the 21st century[edit] In late 2006, Times Group acquired Vijayanand Printers Limited (VPL). VPL previously published two Kannada
Kannada
newspapers, Vijay Karnataka and Usha Kiran, and an English daily, Vijay Times. Vijay Karnataka was the leader in the Kannada
Kannada
newspaper segment then.[34] The paper launched a Chennai
Chennai
edition, 12 April 2008.[35] It launched a Kolhapur
Kolhapur
edition, February 2013. TOIFA Awards[edit] Introduced in 2013[36] and awarded for the second time in 2016,[37] " The Times of India
The Times of India
Film Awards" or the "TOIFA" is an award for the work in Film Industry decided by a global public vote on the nomination categories.[38] Editions and publications[edit]

TOI's first office is opposite the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
in Mumbai
Mumbai
where it was founded.[14]

The Times of India
The Times of India
is published by the media group Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. The company, along with its other group of companies, known as The Times Group, also publishes Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
Mirror; Bangalore Mirror; Bangalore
Bangalore
Times, Delhi
Delhi
Times; The Economic Times; ET Panache (Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru on Monday to Friday and as Times of India ET Panache in Pune
Pune
and Chennai, Every Saturday) Ei Samay, (a Bengali daily); the Maharashtra Times, (a Marathi-language daily broadsheet); Mumbai
Mumbai
Mirror; the Navbharat Times, (a Hindi-language daily broadsheet); and Pune
Pune
Mirror. The Times of India
The Times of India
has its markets in major cities such as Mumbai,[39] Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Aurangabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Calicut, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Guwahati, Hubli, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolhapur, Kolkata, Lucknow, Madurai, Mangalore, Mysore, Nagpur, Nashik, Panaji, Patna, Puducherry, Pune, Raipur, Ranchi, Surat, Trichy, Trivandrum, Varanasi, Vijayawada
Vijayawada
and Visakhapatnam.[citation needed] Times Group Network[edit]

Speaking Tree: A spiritual network intended to allow spiritual seekers to link spiritual seekers with established practitioners.[40] Healthmeup: A health, diet, and fitness website.[41] Cricbuzz: In November 2014, Times Internet
Times Internet
acquired Cricbuzz, a website focused on cricket news.[42]

Notable employees[edit]

Sham Lal, Editor and Scholar Samir Jain, Vice-Chairman & Publisher Vineet Jain, MD, Jug Suraiya (associate editor, columnist, "Jugular Vein," cartoonist, Dubyaman II) Swaminathan Aiyar (columnist, "Swaminomics") R. K. Laxman
R. K. Laxman
(You Said It editorial cartoon, featuring the famous Common Man) M J Akbar, Columnist, "The Siege Within" and former Editorial Team Chetan Bhagat, Columnist, Sunday TOI Shashi Tharoor, Columnist of "Shashi on Sunday".

References[edit]

^ a b "Submission of circulation figures for the audit period Jan – Jun 2017" (PDF). Audit Bureau of Circulations. Retrieved 5 January 2016.  ^ C.S.Natarajan (13 February 2018). National Words: A Solution to the National Language Problem of India. Notion Press. pp. 189–. ISBN 978-1-948147-14-9.  ^ Arnold P. Kaminsky; Roger D. Long Ph.D. (23 September 2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. pp. 706–. ISBN 978-0-313-37463-0. Retrieved 20 April 2018.  ^ "It's the best of Times". Rick Westhead. The Star. 5 February 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2018.  ^ "Citizens Jain Why India's newspaper industry is thriving". Ken Auletta. New Yorker. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2018.  ^ "National Newspapers Total Circulation". International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations (IFABC). 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ S. B. Bhattacherje (1 May 2009). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. A126. ISBN 978-81-207-4074-7. Retrieved 23 June 2016.  ^ Sangita P. Menon Malhan (25 July 2013). The TOI Story. HarperCollins Publishers India. pp. 1945–. ISBN 978-93-5029-664-6. Retrieved 22 July 2017.  ^ Jaideep Bose (23 April 2013). "A daily in the life of India". Times of India. Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ C. V. Baxi; Ajit Prasad (2005). Corporate Social Responsibility: Concepts and Cases : the Indian Experience. Excel Books India. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-81-7446-449-1. Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ Vir Bala Aggarwal; V. S. Gupta (1 January 2001). Handbook of Journalism and Mass Communication. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 128–. ISBN 978-81-7022-880-6. Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ "The Brand Trust Report, India Study 2017". Trust Research Advisory. Retrieved 8 January 2018.  ^ "The Times of India". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ a b " The Times of India
The Times of India
turns the Times of Colour". Televisionpoint.com. 30 April 2006. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2007.  ^ Asima Ranjan Parhi (2008). Indian English
Indian English
Through Newspapers. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 32–. ISBN 978-81-8069-507-0.  ^ Rangaswami Parthasarathy (1989). Journalism in India: from the earliest times to the present day. Sterling Publishers. p. 273. Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ Hirschmann, Edwin (2008). Robert Knight: Reforming Editor in Victorian India. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-569622-6.  ^ Kartar Lalvani (10 March 2016). The Making of India: The Untold Story of British Enterprise. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 383–. ISBN 978-1-4729-2484-1. Retrieved 26 June 2016.  ^ Asha Kasbekar (January 2006). Pop Culture India!: Media, Arts, and Lifestyle. ABC-CLIO. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-1-85109-636-7. Retrieved 27 June 2016.  ^ a b "Citizens Jain – The New Yorker". The New Yorker Magazine. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2015.  ^ Auletta. Page 55. ^ "This is why Times of India is pro-Congress, Jain brothers owe their wealth to Gandhis". OpIndia.com. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2015.  ^ "Indian Millionaires arrested". Reuter (The Herald (Glasgow)), 5 May 1964. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ Khandekar, Vanita Kohli (9 November 2013). The Indian Media Business. Mumbai: SAGE Publications. ISBN 813211356X.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ P. Menon Malhan, Sangita (2 August 2013). THE TOI STORY: How A Newspaper Changed The Rules Of The Games. Noida: HarperCollins Publishers India. p. 212. ISBN 9789350296646. Retrieved 3 May 2015.  ^ Subramanian, Samanth (1 December 2012). "Supreme Being: How Samir Jain created the modern Indian newspaper industry". The Caravan. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ "Trying times: Editorial changes in The Times of India
The Times of India
raise disturbing questions". India Today. 7 July 1997. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ "Ashok Jain arrested". The Indian Express. 4 July 1998. Retrieved 18 May 2013.  ^ Mahalingam, Sudha (18–31 July 1998). "Ashok Jain is arrested by the Enforcement Directorate". Frontline. ISSN 0970-1710. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ "A newspaper scandal: Editorial changes in The Times of India
The Times of India
raise disturbing questions". Frontline. 6–19 June 1998. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ Austin, Granville (1999). Working a democratic constitution: the Indian experience. Oxford University Press. p. 295. ISBN 978-0195648881. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "New book flays Indira Gandhi's decision to impose Emergency". IBN Live News. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ Desai, Akshayakumar Ramanlal (17 November 1986). Violation of Democratic Rights in India. Bombay: Popular Prakashan. p. 208. ISBN 978-0861321308. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ "Times Group acquires Vijayanand Printers". The Times of India. 15 June 2006. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ "TN CM launches Chennai
Chennai
edition of Times of India". The Economic Times. 13 April 2008. Retrieved 10 November 2014.  ^ "TOIFA 2013 nominations". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 17 July 2016.  ^ "TOIFA 2016: 'Bajirao Mastani' Bags 6 Awards, Celebs Have a Rocking Night". India-West. 21 March 2016. Archived from the original on 22 May 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2016.  ^ "About TOI Film Awards 2016". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 17 July 2016.  ^ "Online Mumbai
Mumbai
Newspaper". Mid Day. 24 April 2014.  ^ " Times Internet
Times Internet
launches Hindi
Hindi
version of 'Speaking Tree'". Exchange4Media. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2017.  ^ Pahwa, Nikhil (17 March 2011). "Indiatimes Launches Health Blog – HealthMeUp". Medianama. Retrieved 1 November 2017.  ^ " Times Internet
Times Internet
acquires cricbuzz". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

Auletta, Ken: "Citizens Jain – Why India's Newspaper Industry is Thriving". The New Yorker, 8 October 2012, Pages 52 to 61. Hirschmann, Edwin. "An Editor Speaks for the Natives: Robert Knight in 19th Century India," Journalism Quarterly (1986) 63#2 pp. 260–267 Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp. 330–33 Menon Malhan, Sangita P. The TOI Story: How a Newspaper Changed the Rules of the Game (2013) HarperCollins India

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