1.1 Beginnings 1.2 Bennett and Coleman ownership 1.3 Dalmiya ownership 1.4 Jain family (Shanti Prasad Jain) 1.5 Under the Government of India 1.6 Back to the Jain family 1.7 During the Emergency 1.8 The Times in the 21st century 1.9 TOIFA Awards
2 Editions and publications 3 Times Group Network 4 Notable employees 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links
Times of India Buildings, ca. 1898
The Times of India
The Times of India issued its first edition on 3 November 1838 as The Bombay
Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. The paper published Wednesdays and Saturdays under the direction of Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar, a Maharashtrian Reformist, and contained news from Britain and the world, as well as the Indian Subcontinent. J.E. Brennan was its first editor. In 1850, it began to publish daily editions. In 1860, editor Robert Knight (1825–1892) bought the Indian shareholders' interests, merged with rival Bombay
Bombay Standard, and started India's first news agency. It wired Times dispatches to papers across the country and became the Indian agent for Reuters
Reuters news service. In 1861, he changed the name from the Bombay
Bombay Times and Standard to The Times of India. Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or intimidation, frequently resisting the attempts by governments, business interests, and cultural spokesmen and led the paper to national prominence. In the 19th century, this newspaper company employed more than 800 people and had a sizeable circulation in India and Europe. Bennett and Coleman ownership Subsequently, The Times of India
The Times of India saw its ownership change several times until 1892 when, Thomas Bennett and Frank Morris Coleman, who later drowned in the 1915 sinking of the SS Persia, acquired the newspaper through their new company, Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Dalmiya ownership Sir Stanley Reed edited The Times of India
The Times of India from 1907 until 1924 and received correspondence from the major figures of India such as Mahatma Gandhi. In all he lived in India for fifty years. He was respected in the United Kingdom as an expert on Indian current affairs. He christened Jaipur
Jaipur as "the Pink City of India". Bennett Coleman & Co. Ltd was sold to sugar magnate Ramkrishna Dalmia of the then-famous industrial family, the Dalmiyas, for Rs 20 million in 1946, as India was becoming independent and the British owners were leaving. In 1955 the Vivian Bose Commission of Inquiry found that Ramkrishna Dalmia, in 1947, had engineered the acquisition of the media giant Bennett Coleman & Co. by transferring money from a bank and an insurance company of which he was the Chairman. In the court case that followed, Ramkrishna Dalmia was sentenced to two years in Tihar Jail
Tihar Jail after having been convicted of embezzlement and fraud. But for most of the jail term he managed to spend in hospital. Upon his release, his son-in-law, Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain, to whom he had entrusted the running of Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. rebuffed his efforts to resume command of the company. Jain family (Shanti Prasad Jain) In the early 1960s, Shanti Prasad Jain was imprisoned on charges of selling newsprint on the black market. And based on the Vivian Bose Commission's earlier report which found wrongdoings of the Dalmia – Jain group, that included specific charges against Shanti Prasad Jain, the Government of India
Government of India filed a petition to restrain and remove the management of Bennett, Coleman and Company. Based on the pleading, Justice directed the Government to assume control of the newspaper which resulted in replacing half of the directors and appointing a Bombay
Bombay (now Mumbai) High Court judge as the Chairman. Under the Government of India Following the Vivian Bose Commission report indicating serious wrongdoings of the Dalmia–Jain group, on 28 August 1969, the Bombay High Court, under Justice J. L. Nain, passed an interim order to disband the existing board of Bennett Coleman and to constitute a new board under the Government. The bench ruled that "Under these circumstances, the best thing would be to pass such orders on the assumption that the allegations made by the petitioners that the affairs of the company were being conducted in a manner prejudicial to public interest and to the interests of the Company are correct". Following that order, Shanti Prasad Jain ceased to be a director and the company ran with new directors on board, appointed by the Government of India, with the exception of a lone stenographer of the Jains. Curiously, the court appointed D K Kunte as Chairman of the Board. Kunte had no prior business experience and was also an opposition member of the Lok Sabha. Back to the Jain family In 1976, during the Emergency in India, the Government transferred ownership of the newspaper back to Ashok Kumar Jain (Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain's son, Ramkrishna Dalmia's grandson and the father of Samir Jain and Vineet Jain). The Jains too often landed themselves in various money laundering scams and Ashok Kumar Jain had to flee the country when the Enforcement Directorate
Enforcement Directorate pursued his case strongly in 1998 for alleged violations of illegal transfer of funds (to the tune of US$1.25 million) to an overseas account in Switzerland. During the Emergency On 26 June 1975, the day after India declared a state of emergency, the Bombay
Bombay edition of The Times of India
The Times of India carried an entry in its obituary column that read "D.E.M. O'Cracy, beloved husband of T.Ruth, father of L.I.Bertie, brother of Faith, Hope and Justice expired on 25 June". The move was a critique of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's 21-month state of emergency, which is now widely known as "the Emergency" and seen by many as a roundly authoritarian era of Indian government. The Times in the 21st century In late 2006, Times Group acquired Vijayanand Printers Limited (VPL). VPL previously published two Kannada
Kannada newspapers, Vijay Karnataka and Usha Kiran, and an English daily, Vijay Times. Vijay Karnataka was the leader in the Kannada
Kannada newspaper segment then. The paper launched a Chennai
Chennai edition, 12 April 2008. It launched a Kolhapur
Kolhapur edition, February 2013. TOIFA Awards Introduced in 2013 and awarded for the second time in 2016, " The Times of India
The Times of India Film Awards" or the "TOIFA" is an award for the work in Film Industry decided by a global public vote on the nomination categories. Editions and publications
TOI's first office is opposite the
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai
Mumbai where it was founded.
The Times of India
The Times of India is published by the media group Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. The company, along with its other group of companies, known as The Times Group, also publishes Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad Mirror; Bangalore Mirror; Bangalore
Bangalore Times, Delhi
Delhi Times; The Economic Times; ET Panache (Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru on Monday to Friday and as Times of India ET Panache in Pune
Pune and Chennai, Every Saturday) Ei Samay, (a Bengali daily); the Maharashtra Times, (a Marathi-language daily broadsheet); Mumbai
Mumbai Mirror; the Navbharat Times, (a Hindi-language daily broadsheet); and Pune
Pune Mirror. The Times of India
The Times of India has its markets in major cities such as Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Aurangabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Calicut, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Guwahati, Hubli, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolhapur, Kolkata, Lucknow, Madurai, Mangalore, Mysore, Nagpur, Nashik, Panaji, Patna, Puducherry, Pune, Raipur, Ranchi, Surat, Trichy, Trivandrum, Varanasi, Vijayawada
Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. Times Group Network
Speaking Tree: A spiritual network intended to allow spiritual seekers
to link spiritual seekers with established practitioners.
Healthmeup: A health, diet, and fitness website.
Cricbuzz: In November 2014,
Times Internet acquired Cricbuzz, a website focused on cricket news.
Sham Lal, Editor and Scholar
Samir Jain, Vice-Chairman & Publisher
Vineet Jain, MD,
Jug Suraiya (associate editor, columnist, "Jugular Vein," cartoonist,
Swaminathan Aiyar (columnist, "Swaminomics")
R. K. Laxman
R. K. Laxman (You Said It editorial cartoon, featuring the famous Common Man) M J Akbar, Columnist, "The Siege Within" and former Editorial Team Chetan Bhagat, Columnist, Sunday TOI Shashi Tharoor, Columnist of "Shashi on Sunday".
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The Times of India
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