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_THE TIMES OF INDIA_ (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group . It is the third-largest newspaper in India by circulation and largest selling English-language daily in the world according to Audit Bureau of Circulations (India) . It is the oldest English-language newspaper in India still in circulation, with its first edition published in 1838.It is the second oldest Indian newspaper still in circulation after the Bombay Samachar .Lord Curzon the then Viceroy of India called The Times of India "the leading paper in Asia". In 1991, the BBC ranked _The Times of India_ among the world's six best newspapers.

It is owned and published by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. which is owned by the Sahu Jain family. In the Brand Trust Report 2012, _The Times of India_ was ranked 88th among India's most trusted brands and subsequently, according to the Brand Trust Report 2013, _The Times of India_ was ranked 100th among India's most trusted brands. In 2014 however, _The Times of India_ was ranked 174th among India's most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report 2014, a study conducted by Trust Research Advisory.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Beginnings * 1.2 Bennett "> Times of India Buildings, ca. 1898

BEGINNINGS

_The Times of India_ issued its first edition 3 November 1838 as _The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce_. The paper published Wednesdays and Saturdays under the direction of Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar, a Maharashtrian Reformist, and contained news from Britain and the world, as well as the Indian Subcontinent . J.E. Brennan was its first editor. In 1850, it began to publish daily editions.

In 1860, editor Robert Knight (1825–1892) bought the Indian shareholders' interests, merged with rival _ Bombay Standard_, and started India's first news agency. It wired _Times_ dispatches to papers across the country and became the Indian agent for Reuters news service. In 1861, he changed the name from the Bombay _Times and Standard_ to _The Times of India._ Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or intimidation, frequently resisting the attempts by governments, business interests, and cultural spokesmen and led the paper to national prominence. In the 19th century, this newspaper company employed more than 800 people and had a sizeable circulation in India and Europe.

BENNETT & COLEMAN OWNERSHIP

Subsequently, _The Times of India_ saw its ownership change several times until 1892 when, Thomas Bennett and Frank Morris Coleman, who later drowned in the 1915 sinking of the SS _Persia_ , acquired the newspaper through their new company, _Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd_.

DALMIYA OWNERSHIP

Sir Hubert Stanley Reed edited _The Times of India_ from 1907 until 1924 and received correspondence from the major figures of India such as Mahatma Gandhi . In all he lived in India for fifty years. He was respected in the United Kingdom as an expert on Indian current affairs. He christened Jaipur as 'the Pink City of India'. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanley_Reed_(British_politician)#/editor/

Bennett Coleman & Co. Ltd was sold to sugar magnate Ramkrishna Dalmia of the then-famous industrial family, the Dalmiyas, for Rs 20 million in 1946, as India was becoming independent and the British owners were leaving. In 1955 the Vivian Bose Commission of Inquiry found that Ramkrishna Dalmia, in 1947, had engineered the acquisition of the media giant Bennett, Coleman by transferring money from a bank and an insurance company of which he was the Chairman. In the court case that followed, Ramkrishna Dalmia was sentenced to two years in Tihar Jail after having been convicted of embezzlement and fraud.

But for most of the jail term he managed to spend in hospital. Upon his release, his son-in-law, Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain , to whom he had entrusted the running of Bennett, Coleman ">_ TOI_'s first office is opposite the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai where it was founded.

_The Times of India_ is published by the media group Bennett, Coleman _ Bangalore Mirror _; _ Bangalore Times_, _ Delhi Times _; _The Economic Times _; _ Ei Samay _, (a Bengali daily); the _ Maharashtra Times _, (a Marathi-language daily broadsheet); _ Mumbai Mirror _; the _Navbharat Times _, (a Hindi-language daily broadsheet); and _ Pune Mirror_.

_The Times of India_ has its markets in major cities such as Mumbai, Ahmedabad , Aurangabad , Bangalore , Bhopal , Bhubaneswar , Calicut , Chandigarh , Chennai , Coimbatore , Delhi , Guwahati , Hubli , Hyderabad , Indore , Jaipur , Kochi , Kolhapur , Kolkata , Lucknow , Madurai , Mangalore , Mysore , Nagpur , Nashik , Panaji , Patna , Puducherry , Pune , Raipur , Ranchi , Surat , Trichy , Trivandrum , Varanasi , Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam .

TIMES GROUP NETWORK

* _Zigwheels_: A website focused on cars, including reviews, road tests, and other special features. * _Speaking Tree_: A spiritual network intended to allow spiritual seekers to link spiritual seekers with established practitioners. * _Healthmeup_: A health, diet, and fitness website. * _ Cricbuzz _: In November 2014, Times Internet Acquired Cricbuzz website, a website focused on cricket live updates, news etc.

NOTABLE EMPLOYEES

* Sham Lal , Editor and Scholar * Samir Jain , Vice-Chairman -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Submission of circulation figures for the audit period July - December 2016" (PDF). Audit Bureau of Circulations . Retrieved 5 January 2016. * ^ "National Newspapers Total Circulation". International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations (IFABC). 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ S. B. Bhattacherje (1 May 2009). _Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates_. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. A126. ISBN 978-81-207-4074-7 . Retrieved 23 June 2016. * ^ Sangita P. Menon Malhan (25 July 2013). _The TOI Story_. HarperCollins Publishers India. pp. 1945–. ISBN 978-93-5029-664-6 . Retrieved 22 July 2017. * ^ Jaideep Bose (23 April 2013). "A daily in the life of India". Times of India. Retrieved 23 July 2017. * ^ C. V. Baxi; Ajit Prasad (2005). _Corporate Social Responsibility: Concepts and Cases : the Indian Experience_. Excel Books India. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-81-7446-449-1 . Retrieved 26 June 2016. * ^ Vir Bala Aggarwal; V. S. Gupta (1 January 2001). _Handbook of Journalism and Mass Communication_. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 128–. ISBN 978-81-7022-880-6 . Retrieved 26 June 2016. * ^ "India\'s Most Trusted Brands 2014". TRA. November 2013. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ "Samsung named India\'s most trusted brand". _Times of India_. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ "The Times of India". _Encyclopædia Britannica_. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ _A_ _B_ "_The Times of India_ turns the Times of Colour". Televisionpoint.com. 30 April 2006. Retrieved 2007-10-16. * ^ Asima Ranjan Parhi (2008). _ Indian English Through Newspapers_. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 32–. ISBN 978-81-8069-507-0 . * ^ Rangaswami Parthasarathy (1989). _Journalism in India: from the earliest times to the present day_. Sterling Publishers. p. 273. Retrieved 26 June 2016. * ^ Hirschmann, Edwin (2008). _Robert Knight: Reforming Editor in Victorian India_. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-569622-6 . * ^ Kartar Lalvani (10 March 2016). _The Making of India: The Untold Story of British Enterprise_. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 383–. ISBN 978-1-4729-2484-1 . Retrieved 26 June 2016. * ^ Asha Kasbekar (January 2006). _Pop Culture India!: Media, Arts, and Lifestyle_. ABC-CLIO. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-1-85109-636-7 . Retrieved 27 June 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Citizens Jain - The New Yorker". _The New Yorker Magazine_. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 2015-05-04. * ^ Auletta. Page 55. * ^ "This is why _Times of India_ is pro-Congress, Jain brothers owe their wealth to Gandhis". _OpIndia.com_. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 2015-05-04. * ^ "Indian Millionaires arrested". Reuter (_The Herald (Glasgow) _), 5 May 1964. Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ P. Menon Malhan, Sangita (2 August 2013). _THE TOI STORY: How A Newspaper Changed The Rules Of The Games_. Noida: HarperCollins Publishers India. p. 212. ISBN 9789350296646 . Retrieved 2015-05-03. * ^ Subramanian, Samanth (1 December 2012). "Supreme Being: How Samir Jain created the modern Indian newspaper industry". _The Caravan _. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ "Trying times: Editorial changes in _The Times of India_ raise disturbing questions". India Today . 7 July 1997. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ "Ashok Jain arrested". _ The Indian Express _. 4 July 1998. Retrieved 2013-05-18. * ^ Mahalingam, Sudha (18–31 July 1998). "Ashok Jain is arrested by the Enforcement Directorate". _Frontline_ . ISSN 0970-1710 . Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ "A newspaper scandal: Editorial changes in _The Times of India_ raise disturbing questions". _Fontline_. 6–19 June 1998. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ Austin, Granville (1999). _Working a democratic constitution: the Indian experience_. Oxford University Press. p. 295. ISBN 978-0195648881 . (Subscription required (help)). * ^ "New book flays Indira Gandhi\'s decision to impose Emergency". _IBN Live News _. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ Desai, Akshayakumar Ramanlal (17 November 1986). _Violation of Democratic Rights in India_. Bombay: Popular Prakashan. p. 208. ISBN 978-0861321308 . Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ "Times Group acquires Vijayanand Printers". _The Times of India_. 15 June 2006. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ "TN CM launches Chennai edition of Times of India". The Economic Times . 13 April 2008. Retrieved 2014-11-10. * ^ "TOIFA 2013 nominations". _timesofindia.indiatimes.com_. Retrieved 2016-07-17. * ^ "TOIFA 2016: \'Bajirao Mastani\' Bags 6 Awards, Celebs Have a Rocking Night". _ India-West _. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-17. * ^ "About TOI Film Awards 2016". _timesofindia.indiatimes.com_. Retrieved 2016-07-17. * ^ "Online Mumbai Newspaper". Mid Day. 24 April 2014.

FURTHER READING

* Auletta, Ken: "Citizens Jain – Why India's Newspaper Industry is Thriving". _The New Yorker_, 8 October 2012, Pages 52 to 61. * Hirschmann, Edwin. "An Editor Speaks for the Natives: Robert Knight in 19th Century India," _Journalism Quarterly_ (1986) 63#2 pp. 260–267 * Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. _The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers_ (1980) pp. 330–33 * Menon Malhan, Sangita P. "The TOI Story: How a Newspaper Changed the Rules of the Game" (2013) HarperCollins India

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