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Till The Clouds Roll By is a 1946 Technicolor
Technicolor
American musical film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. It is a fictionalized biopic of composer Jerome Kern, portrayed by Robert Walker. Kern was originally involved with the production, but died before it was completed. It has a large cast of well-known musical stars of the day who appear performing Kern's songs. It was the first in a series of MGM biopics about Broadway's composers; it was followed by Words and Music (Rodgers and Hart, 1948), Three Little Words (Kalmar and Ruby, 1950), and Deep in My Heart (Sigmund Romberg, 1954).[1] The film is one of the MGM musicals that lapsed into the public domain on their 28th anniversary, due to MGM failing to renew its copyright.

Contents

1 Cast 2 Production 3 Songs

3.1 Surviving Judy Garland
Judy Garland
song outtake

4 Soundtrack album 5 Reception

5.1 Critical response 5.2 Box office 5.3 Accolades

6 Home video 7 References 8 External links

Cast[edit]

Judy Garland

Lena Horne

Frank Sinatra

Angela Lansbury

Robert Walker as Jerome Kern June Allyson
June Allyson
as Herself/Jane in Leave It to Jane Lucille Bremer
Lucille Bremer
as Sally Hessler Judy Garland
Judy Garland
as Marilyn Miller Kathryn Grayson
Kathryn Grayson
as Magnolia Hawks in Show Boat/Herself Van Heflin
Van Heflin
as James I. Hessler Lena Horne
Lena Horne
as Julie LaVerne in Show Boat/Herself Dorothy Patrick
Dorothy Patrick
as Eva Kern Van Johnson
Van Johnson
as bandleader in Elite Club Tony Martin as Gaylord Ravenal in Show Boat/Himself Dinah Shore
Dinah Shore
as Herself Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
as Himself Gower Champion
Gower Champion
as Specialty dancer in Roberta Cyd Charisse
Cyd Charisse
as Specialty dancer in Roberta Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
as London specialty Ray McDonald as Dance Specialty in Oh, Boy! and Leave It to Jane Virginia O'Brien
Virginia O'Brien
as Ellie Mae in Show Boat/Herself Joan Wells as Young Sally Hessler Harry Hayden as Charles Frohman Paul Langton
Paul Langton
as Oscar Hammerstein II Paul Maxey as Victor Herbert

Cast notes

Esther Williams
Esther Williams
makes a cameo appearance Sally Forrest
Sally Forrest
and Mary Hatcher make appearances as "chorus girls".[2] Kathryn Grayson
Kathryn Grayson
reprised the role of Magnolia Hawks in MGM's film adaptation of Show Boat, released in 1951.[2]

Bruce Cowling

Dorothy Patrick

Dinah Shore

Production[edit]

Lena Horne
Lena Horne
as Julie Laverne in a mini-production of Show Boat, singing "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man".

The working title for the film was "As the Clouds Roll By".[2] Gene Kelly was originally intended to play Kern, with Gloria deHaven, Jacqueline White, Imogene Carpenter, a stage actress, and Jeanette MacDonald in major parts. None appeared in the film.[2] The first 15 minutes of the film consist of a condensed adaptation of Act I of Show Boat, with the order of some of the songs shifted - "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" is sung after "Life upon the Wicked Stage", and "Ol' Man River" was used as an Act I Finale, dissimilar to the show.[citation needed] "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" as sung by Lena Horne was filmed, like many of her other musical numbers in MGM films, so that it could be easily removed from the print by sensitive Southern distributors.[citation needed] When the film started production in the fall of 1945, Judy Garland
Judy Garland
was signed as Broadway singer-dancer Marilyn Miller, having just returned to California after a long New York honeymoon with her new husband, director Vincente Minnelli.[1] Soon after, Kern returned to New York towards the end of October and died in November 1945. During the six months that it took to shoot the film, producer Arthur Freed had to come up with one director after another. Lemuel Ayers, a set designer, was originally scheduled to make his directorial debut on the film, but was replaced by Busby Berkeley
Busby Berkeley
late in August 1945. Meanwhile, Minnelli – who, it was rumored at the time, would be taking over the direction of the film – was shooting Garland's sequences even before the beginning of principal photography, as she was pregnant and expected to give birth in March 1946; her shooting was completed on November 8, 1945. By the time full shooting began in the middle of December, Berkeley had been replaced by Henry Koster, who was also replaced after a short period by Richard Whorf. Whorf ended up receiving the onscreen directorial credit.[1][2] There was a break in production from some time in January 1946 to the middle of March of that year.[2] The film includes two versions of "Ol' Man River" - the first sung by Caleb Peterson and an African-American chorus as part of the Show Boat medley, and the second, a "crooner version" by Frank Sinatra, featured as the grand finale. Barbette consulted on the creation of the film's circus sequence.[5] Songs[edit]

"Cotton Blossom" - MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus "Where's the Mate for Me" - Tony Martin "Make Believe" - Kathryn Grayson/Tony Martin "Life Upon the Wicked Stage" - Virginia O'Brien/MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus Girls "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" - Lena Horne "Ol' Man River" - Caleb Peterson/MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus "Ka-Lu-a" - MGM Studio Orchestra "How'd You Like to Spoon with Me" - Angela Lansbury/MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus "They Didn't Believe Me" - Dinah Shore "Till the Clouds Roll By" - June Allyson/Ray McDonald/MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus "Leave It to Jane" - MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus/June Allyson/Ray McDonald "Cleopatterer" - June Allyson/Ray McDonald/MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus "Leave It to Jane" (Reprise) - MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus/June Allyson/Ray McDonald "Look for the Silver Lining" - Judy Garland "Sunny" - Judy Garland/MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus "Who?" - Judy Garland/MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus "One More Dance" - Lucille Bremer
Lucille Bremer
(Dubbed by Trudy Erwin) "I Won't Dance" - Van Johnson/ Lucille Bremer
Lucille Bremer
(dubbed by Trudy Erwin) "She Didn't Say Yes" - Lee and Lyn Wilde, aka "The Wilde Twins" "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" - Cyd Charisse/Gower Champion "The Last Time I Saw Paris" - Dinah Shore "The Land Where the Good Songs Go" - Lucille Bremer
Lucille Bremer
(dubbed by Trudy Erwin) "Yesterdays" - MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus "Long Ago (and Far Away)" - Kathryn Grayson "A Fine Romance" - Virginia O'Brien "All the Things You Are" - Tony Martin "Why Was I Born?" - Lena Horne "Ol' Man River" (Reprise/Finale) - Frank Sinatra/MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus

Surviving Judy Garland
Judy Garland
song outtake[edit] A video of an excised musical number survives from this film, although part of the soundtrack has been lost. Judy Garland, as Marilyn Miller, sings "D'Ya Love Me?" to two clowns in a circus setting, representing a scene from the Broadway musical
Broadway musical
Sunny.[6] Soundtrack album[edit]

Judy Garland
Judy Garland
as Marilyn Miller
Marilyn Miller
in a scene based on the musical Sunny

Garland as Miller, singing "Who?" from Sunny

Garland, as Miller, singing "Look for the Silver Lining" from the musical Sally

The film was one of the first motion pictures to have a soundtrack album released concurrent with it arriving in theaters. The soundtrack was produced by MGM Records. It originally contained four 78-rpm records featuring various artists and songs from thegilm and front-cover artwork by Lennie Hayton. Later the album was released on LP.[7] No official authorized version has yet been released on CD, but several unauthorized versions have ( Rhino Entertainment
Rhino Entertainment
currently owns the rights to issue an authorized CD of the soundtrack, under license from Turner Entertainment; in the past, MCA Records
MCA Records
and Sony Music Entertainment held such rights). This is due to MGM allowing the film to fall into public domain. Reception[edit] Critical response[edit] Bosley Crowther, reviewing the film for The New York Times, wrote:[8]

"Why did Metro...have to cook up a thoroughly phoney yarn about the struggles of a chirpy young composer to carry the lovely songs of Jerry Kern? And why did it have to do it in such a hackneyed and sentimental way as to grate on the sensibilities of even the most affectionately disposed?"

Variety began its review with a similar sentiment: "Why quibble about the story?"[9] Box office[edit] The film earned $4,748,000 in the US and Canada box office and $1,976,000 elsewhere, but because of its high cost the profit was only $732,000.[4][10] Accolades[edit] The film is recognized by American Film Institute
American Film Institute
in these lists:

2006: AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals – Nominated[11]

Home video[edit] The film is one of several MGM musicals – another being Royal Wedding – that lapsed into public domain on their 28th anniversary due to failure to renew the copyright registration.[12] As such, it is one of the most widely circulated MGM musicals on home video. Warner Home Video gave it its first fully restored DVD release on April 25, 2006. References[edit]

^ a b c d e Levy, Emanuel (2007). "Till the Clouds Roll By". EmanuelLevy.com. Retrieved 2015-03-22.  ^ a b c d e f g h i Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
at the American Film Institute Catalog ^ "Music" TCM.com ^ a b c The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study . ^ Thompson, Karen R (2007-04-07). ""Barbette": He started in the circus". Community Impact newspaper. Retrieved 2012-08-09.  ^ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
in outtake from Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
(1946); soundtrack partially missing on YouTube ^ "Trivia" TCM.com ^ Crowther, Bosley (December 6, 1946). "'Till Clouds Roll By,' Musical Biography of Life of Jerome Kern
Jerome Kern
With Robert Walker in Title Role, at the Music Hall". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-22.  ^ Staff (December 31, 1945). "Review: 'Till the Clouds Roll by'". Variety. Retrieved 2015-03-22.  ^ "Top Grossers of 1947", Variety, 7 January 1948 p 63 ^ " AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-13.  ^ Pierce, David (June 2007). "Forgotten Faces: Why Some of Our Cinema Heritage Is Part of the Public Domain". Film History: An International Journal. 19 (2): 125–43. doi:10.2979/FIL.2007.19.2.125. ISSN 0892-2160. JSTOR 25165419. OCLC 15122313. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Till The Clouds Roll By.

"Till The Clouds Roll By" Full movie at BuggZugg YouTube Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
at the American Film Institute
American Film Institute
Catalog Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
on IMDb Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
at the TCM Movie Database Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
at AllMovie Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
is available for free download at the Internet Archive "Till The Clouds Roll By" at TheJudyRoom.com

v t e

Arthur Freed musical productions

As producer

Babes in Arms (1939) Strike Up the Band (1940) Little Nellie Kelly
Little Nellie Kelly
(1940) Lady Be Good (1941) Babes on Broadway
Babes on Broadway
(1941) Panama Hattie
Panama Hattie
(1942) For Me and My Gal (1942) Cabin in the Sky (1943) DuBarry Was a Lady (1943) Best Foot Forward (1943) Girl Crazy
Girl Crazy
(1943) Meet Me in St. Louis
Meet Me in St. Louis
(1944) Yolanda and the Thief
Yolanda and the Thief
(1945) The Harvey Girls
The Harvey Girls
(1946) Ziegfeld Follies (1946) Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
(1946) Good News (1947) Summer Holiday (1948) The Pirate (1948) Easter Parade (1948) Words and Music (1948) Take Me Out to the Ball Game (1949) The Barkleys of Broadway
The Barkleys of Broadway
(1949) On the Town (1949) Annie Get Your Gun (1950) Pagan Love Song
Pagan Love Song
(1950) Royal Wedding
Royal Wedding
(1951) Show Boat
Show Boat
(1951) An American in Paris (1951) The Belle of New York (1952) Singin' in the Rain
Singin' in the Rain
(1952) The Band Wagon
The Band Wagon
(1953) Brigadoon (1954) It's Always Fair Weather
It's Always Fair Weather
(1955) Kismet (1955) Invitation to the Dance (1956) Silk Stockings (1957) Gigi (1958) Bells Are Ringing (1960)

Uncredited as producer

The Wizard of Oz (1939) Meet the People
Meet the People
(1944)

Non-musicals

The Clock (1945) Any Number Can Play
Any Number Can Play
(1949) Crisis (1950) The Subterraneans
The Subterraneans
(1960) Light in the Piazza (1962)

v t e

Guy Bolton

Screenplays

Ambassador Bill (1931) Devil's Lottery (1932) Week-End at the Waldorf
Week-End at the Waldorf
(1945) Ziegfeld Follies (1945) Till the Clouds Roll By
Till the Clouds Roll By
(1946) Easter Parade (1948) Adorable Julia (1962)

Musicals

Very Good Eddie (1915) Oh, Boy! (1917) Leave It to Jane
Leave It to Jane
(1917) Miss 1917 (1917) Kissing Time
Kissing Time
(1918) Oh, Lady! Lady!!
Oh, Lady! Lady!!
(1918) Primrose (1924) Lady, Be Good (1925) Tip-Toes
Tip-Toes
(1926) Oh, Kay!
Oh, Kay!
(1926) Girl Crazy
Girl Crazy
(1930) Anything Goes
Anything Goes
(1935)

Other

Bring on the Girls!

Family

Ivy May Bolton (sister) Marguerite Namar

.