Club de Regatas La Marina.
1 Colonial Times
2 Promotion of the
Paraná River Delta in the 19th century 3 Island dwellers 4 Delta economy 5 Islanders' social life, tourism: The "Recreos" 6 The golden years of Tigre 7 Sports 8 Administrative subdivisions 9 See also 10 References 11 External links
The history of Tigre dates back to a port on the banks of Las Conchas
River, which gave origin to Las Conchas Village. The port was used by
the ships sailing the
Paraná River to or from Paraguay and also by those who carried wood, coal and firewood from the Delta to Buenos Aires. Las Conchas River (named after the sea shell debris that was abundant in the riverbed) is now called Reconquista and runs along Liniers street. The hamlet surrounding the port grew as its strategic importance increased, mostly since the 18th century. By 1780 a church had already been built and the parish was established at that time. Many river rises, floods and heavy rainstorms hit the area. One of the first historically registered catastrophes occurred in early June 1805, when Las Conchas village was almost devastated by a heavy rainstorm that made the river overflow its banks. Most of the people moved to higher nearby lands where San Fernando village was founded, and a channel was built to be used as a new port. The village was deserted and almost completely abandoned. In August 1820 it was destroyed by a tornado once again. The rising floodwaters trapped the port entrance. At the same time the outflow of water came out through a small stream called Tigre, causing the widening of its bed and turning it into a river. The port was then moved to its present location by the Tigre River and in time the village was named Tigre. Promotion of the Paraná River
Paraná River Delta in the 19th century
Supply barge in Tigre, still the easiest access to many points along the delta.
During the second half of the 19th century the area became
economically and socially more important, mainly due to Domingo F.
Sarmiento, president of
Argentina from 1868 to 1872. Sarmiento insisted on the favourable development possibilities of the islands and fought for the rights of settlers to own the land they were working on. His house on the island has been turned into a museum that lies on the bank of the river that bears his name. In those decades the country underwent a significant immigration process and many of those immigrants settled on the islands. The railway line to San Fernando, which arrived in 1863 and reached Tigre in 1865, improved communications with Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires and eased trade of Delta products, basically fresh fruit and its by-products such as fruit juice, jams and cider. Likewise, the train allowed one-day visits by city dwellers. This favoured the setting up of places to spend the day on the islands, called recreos, and aroused interest in rowing along the quiet waters. Island dwellers The earliest inhabitants of the islands were indigenous groups called guaraníes. In colonial times there was no stable population but nomadic hunters or firewood and coal seekers. Occasionally, it was also a smuggler's hiding place. From the moment Sarmiento encouraged development, new settlers came to the islands to live of the commercial exploitation of their products. Construction materials from the islands included sun-dried bricks, rush, straw and wood. The simple huts made from these materials were followed by houses made entirely of wood. Delta economy The early inhabitants lived mostly by hunting and fishing and on small palm coconuts (cocos australis). A few tribes sowed corn and peanuts, and grew fruit trees. In colonial times the area supplied Buenos Aires with firewood and coal. Later on, fruit growing prevailed up to 1940.That year a river rise spoiled most plants and the crisis provoked a mass departure of a large part of the population. The emergence of new fruit markets in other regions of the country hindered the recovery of this traditional economy resource. Other regional products are wicker baskets and pieces of furniture. The cultivation of osier (salix sp), which is native to European and Asiancold and temperate regions, was proposed by Sarmiento because it can resist floods. Another plant that adapts to floodable lands is New Zealand flax (phormium tenax), which was industrialised as from 1925 and is used in containers, burlap, cords, threads, runners and mats. By the end of the 20th century, the competence with synthetic fibres made New Zealand flax
New Zealand flax plantations anti-economic. Fishing and coypu breeding are other economic activities that are no longer attractive. Developments in the area include apiculture, camellia and azalea nurseries, handicrafts and timber. At the Delta Products Market of Tigre, various Delta products are sold. Islanders' social life, tourism: The "Recreos"
Old Casino, today Tigre Art Museum.
Moors on the delta, Tigre.
Parque de la Costa Amusement Park, Tigre.
Towards the end of the 19th century islanders became aware of their
identity. They shared their common interest and troubles in the Delta
journal, founded in 1933 by a Hungarian immigrant called Sandor
Mikler. At that time 20,000 people lived on the islands and the
population peaked at 40,000 in the following years. In 1936 local
producers and entrepreneurs founded an association called "Consejo de
Productores Isleños" (island producers board) and the following year
they declared 31 October to be "islanders day". The celebration takes
place every year with the attendance of local authorities and
neighbours. There was an intense social activities on the islands with
weekly meetings at the numerous clubs in the area. Weddings were
celebrated either in the coastal villages, such as Campana or San
Fernando, or in the island chapels. To facilitate religious service on
the islands, a floating church to sail along the rivers was set up. As
the service was rather expensive it was discontinued towards 1952. The
bell tower is now exhibited at the Police Station in Paraná de las
Palmas and Carapachay, as a remembrance of those days. A procession by
boat was made by the first time in 1923. Even today, this feast is
celebrated on 8 December, the Immaculate Conception day. The
procession is headed by the image of Virgin Mary on board of a boat of
the "Prefectura Naval Argentina" (national coast guard) and is
followed by all types of boats, big and small, commercial and private,
all of them decked out for the event. A lot of spectators applaud the
march from the banks of the Lujan River.
The golden years of Tigre
Rowing was one of the main attractions that fuelled the boom of the
area. Rowing practice had started in the south of
Buenos Aires and little by little was moved to the Luján river due to the tranquility and beauty of the place. President Sarmiento was present at the first regatta organised on 8 December 1873. The event was so successful that the existing rowing clubs moved to Tigre, and new ones were founded by members of the various foreign communities residing in Buenos Aires. Yachting started to be practised in 1883, when the "Yacht Club Argentino", whose headquarters were later moved to San Fernando, was founded, and then at the "Tigre Sailing Club". The Tigre Hotel, was opened in 1890 on the bank of the Lujan River, and next to it the Tigre Club
Tigre Club was opened in 1912. These elegant buildings became meeting places for the social elite of the "Belle Époque". The Hotel was demolished in 1940 but the Club is still there today and has been declared a National Historic Monument. Sports The Delta Rugby Club
Delta Rugby Club is centered in Tigre Partido. Administrative subdivisions Tigre Partido
Tigre Partido is divided into six divisions or localidades:
Benavidez Rincón de Milberg Don Torcuato General Pacheco Tigre, Buenos Aires Troncos (Los Troncos del Talar)
^ a b 2010 Census provisional results
Delta Rugby Club
Delta Rugby Club tiene un nuevo predio deportivo en Tigre". El Comercio. 23 November 2011. Archived from the original on 27 November 2011.
Municipality of Tigre Art Museum of Tigre Parque de la Costa Via Tigre (tourism) Photographs of Tigre Club de Regatas La Marina (Rowing)
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Tigre, Buenos Aires
Don Torcuato Talar de Pacheco General Pacheco Benavídez Virreyes Nordelta
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Greater Buenos Aires
First-level administrative divisions
Buenos Aires Province partidos
Almirante Brown Avellaneda Berazategui Esteban Echevarría Ezeiza Florencio Varela Hurlingham Ituzaingó José C. Paz Lanús Lomas de Zamora La Matanza Malvinas Argentinas Merlo Moreno Morón Quilmes San Fernando San Isidro San Martín San Miguel Tigre 3 de Febrero Vicente López
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Acassuso Aldo Bonzi Billinghurst Campo de Mayo Carapachay Churruca Dock Sud Don Bosco El Libertador José Ingenieros La Lucila Loma Hermosa Lomas del Palomar Martín Coronado Once de Septiembre Pablo Podestá Ranelagh Remedios de Escalada, Tres de Febrero Sáenz Peña Santos Lugares Tapiales Villa Raffo Villa Sarmiento
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