HOME
The Info List - Thurso





Thurso
Thurso
(pronounced /ˈθɜːrsoʊ/, Scots: Thursa, Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Theòrsa [ˈiɲɪɾʲ ˈhjɔːrsə]) is a town and former burgh on the north coast of the Highland council area of Scotland. Situated in the historical area of Caithness, it is the northernmost town on the British mainland. It lies at the junction of the north-south A9 road and the west-east A836 road, connected to Bridge of Forss in the west and Castletown in the east. The 34 miles (55 km) River Thurso
River Thurso
flows through the town and into Thurso Bay and the Pentland Firth. The river estuary serves as a small harbour. At the 2011 Census, Thurso
Thurso
had a population of 7,933. The larger Thurso
Thurso
civil parish including the town and the surrounding countryside had a population of 9,112. Thurso
Thurso
functioned as an important Norse port, and later traded with ports throughout northern Europe until the 19th century. A thriving fishing centre, Thurso
Thurso
also had a reputation for its linen-cloth and tanning activities. As of 2015[update] the Dounreay
Dounreay
Nuclear power plant, although decommissioned at the end of the 20th century, employs a significant number of the local population. The Category-A listed ruined Old St Peter's Church (St. Peter's Kirk) is one of the oldest churches in Scotland, dating to at least 1125. The current church, St Andrew's and St Peter's, was built in 1832 to a design by William Burn in the Gothic style. The town contains the main campus of North Highland College and Thurso High School, the northernmost secondary school on the British mainland, which was established in 1958. Thurso
Thurso
Castle, built in 1872, is in ruins. Thurso
Thurso
is home to the football (soccer) team, Thurso
Thurso
FC, established in 2008, which play in the North Caledonian League, and the rugby teams Caithness
Caithness
Crushers and Caithness
Caithness
RFC. Thurso
Thurso
railway station, opened in 1874, was the most northern station on the Sutherland and Caithness
Caithness
Railway. The nearby port of Scrabster provides ferry services to the Orkney Islands; the Northlink ferry (MV Hamnavoe) operates between Scrabster
Scrabster
and Stromness.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Governance

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Economy 5 Landmarks 6 Education 7 Sport 8 Transport 9 Twin towns 10 Notable people 11 References

11.1 Citations 11.2 Sources

12 External links

Etymology[edit] Originally Thurso
Thurso
was known by the Celtic name of tarvodubron meaning "bull water" or "bull river"; similarly Dunnet Head
Dunnet Head
was tarvedunum standing for "bull fort" and the name of the town name may have its roots there. Norse influence altered its name to Thjorsá, then Thorsá, based on the deity of Thor
Thor
and translating as the place on Thor’s River.[2][3] The local Scots name, Thursa,[4] derives from the Norse, as does the modern Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
Inbhir Theòrsa. Inbhir means a river mouth, and is generally found as "Inver" in many anglicised names. It is possible that there was also a pre-Norse Gaelic name as well, as "tarvodunum" is cognate with the modern Gaelic terms, "tarbh" (bull),[5] "dobhran" and "dun". History[edit]

St. Peter's Kirk, Thurso

Thurso's history stretches back to at least the era of Norse Orcadian rule in Caithness, which ended conclusively in 1266. Neolithic horned cairns found on nearby Shebster Hill, which were used for burials and rituals, date back about 5000 years.[6] The town was an important Norse port, and has a later history of trade with ports throughout northern Europe until the 19th century. In 1330 Scotland's standard unit of weight was brought in line with that of Thurso
Thurso
at the decree of King David II of Scotland, a measure of the town's economic importance.[7] Old St Peter's Kirk is said to date from circa 1220 and the time of Caithness
Caithness
Bishop Gilbert Murray, who died in 1245.[8] In 1649, the Irish, led by Donald Macalister Mullach, attacked Thurso and were chased off by the residents, headed by Sir James Sinclair. One of the locals, a servant of Sinclair was said to have killed Mullach by "cutting a button from his master's coat and firing it from a musket".[9] In 1811, the parish had 592 houses with a population of 3462.[10] Following the passage into law of the 1845 Poor Law Act,[11] a combination poorhouse was constructed; work commenced in 1854 and was completed by 1856. The building, which had a capacity to house 149 inmates,[12] was on a five acres (2.0 ha) site to the west of Thurso
Thurso
Road and provided poor relief for Thurso
Thurso
and the parishes of Bower, Canisbay, Dunnet, Halkirk, Olrig, Reay
Reay
and Watten.[13] Many of the poorhouses in Scotland
Scotland
were under used,[14] and by 1924 the building had been unoccupied for several years so was sold; it was later utilised as housing but by 2001 was again abandoned.[13] Much of the town is a planned 19th-century development. In 1906, a new Royal National Lifeboat Institution
Royal National Lifeboat Institution
boathouse and slipway was inaugurated near Scrabster
Scrabster
Harbour. A fire on 10 December 1956 destroyed the building and its 47ft Watson-class lifeboat and a new building and boat was built, launched the following year.[15] A new lifeboat, named "The Three Sisters" was inaugurated in 1971 by The Queen Mother. A major expansion occurred in the mid-20th century when the Dounreay
Dounreay
nuclear power plant was established at Dounreay
Dounreay
in 1955,[16] 9 miles (14 km) to the west of the town. The arrival of workers related to the power station caused a three-fold increase in the population of Thurso; the 1951 census gave a figure of 3,000 but this had swelled to 9,000 by 1971.[17] This led to around 1,700 new houses being built in Thurso
Thurso
and nearby Castletown, a mixture of local authority housing blended with private houses and flats built by the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Atomic Energy Authority.[17] Decommissioned at the end of the 20th century, it is estimated the site will not be cleared of all the waste until the 2070s, so will continue to provide employment.[18] Thurso
Thurso
is also the name of the viscountcy held by the Sinclair family in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[19] Thurso
Thurso
hosted the National Mòd in 2010, which was the first time this festival of Gaelic language and culture had been held so far north.[20][21] Governance[edit]

View of Thurso
Thurso
from the north

Thurso
Thurso
has history as a burgh of barony dating from 1633 when it was established by Charles I.[22] In 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, the local government burgh was merged into the Caithness
Caithness
district of the two-tier Highland region. In 1996, under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994, the district was abolished and the region became a unitary council area. From 1996 until 2007, the town of Thurso
Thurso
was covered by two or three wards, each electing one councillor by the first past the post system of election. In 2007, a single Thurso
Thurso
ward was created to elect three councillors by the single transferable vote system.[23] . In 2017 the Thurso
Thurso
ward was absorbed into a new multi member ward along with the Western portion of Landward Caithness
Caithness
[24], the new ward, named Thurso
Thurso
and Northwest Caithness, was contested for the first time in the Highland Council Election, 2017. The incumbent councillors are Cllr Matthew Reiss (Independent), Cllr Struan Mackie (Scottish Conservative), Donnie Mackay (Independent) and Karl Rosie (Scottish National Party). Electing four members to the new ward, it is one of two within the Highland Council's Caithness
Caithness
ward management area and one of seven within the council's Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross corporate management area.[25] Thurso
Thurso
Community Council was created in 1975 when the burgh was abolished.[15] The community council is not a tier of local government, but it is recognised as a level of statutory representation. The community council represents an area which is somewhat smaller than that represented by ward councillors. The ward area also includes parts of other community council areas. Geography[edit]

Thurso
Thurso
from the river

Scrabster
Scrabster
Harbour

Thurso
Thurso
is the most northerly town on the British mainland, situated on the northern coastline overlooking the Orkney Islands.[26] It is situated at the northern terminus of the A9 road, the main road linking Caithness
Caithness
with the south of Scotland, and is 19.5 miles (31.4 km) west of John o' Groats
John o' Groats
and 20.4 miles (32.8 km) northwest of Wick, the closest town.[27] Thurso railway station
Thurso railway station
is the most northerly location served by Britain's rail network, which links the town directly with Wick, the county town of Caithness, and with Inverness. Thurso
Thurso
is bordered by the parishes of Olrig
Olrig
and Bower to the east, Halkirk
Halkirk
to the south, and Reay
Reay
to the west, and stretches from Holburn Head and Crosskirk Bay in the west to Dunnet Head
Dunnet Head
and Dunnet
Dunnet
Bay in the east.[28] It lies as far north as the Alaskan capital of Juneau. The 34 miles (55 km) River Thurso, reputable for its salmon fishing,[29] flows through the town and into Thurso Bay and the Pentland Firth.[30] The river estuary serves as a small harbour. Thurso
Thurso
has a fine harbour and beach and looks out over the Pentland Firth to the Orkney island of Hoy
Hoy
and the towering Old Man of Hoy
Hoy
(a stack of rock standing out from the main island).[31] Climate[edit] Thurso
Thurso
has a cool oceanic climate, similar weather to the Scottish Highlands, Iceland, Alaska
Alaska
and the Scandinavian West Coast of Norway. The highest temperature recorded was 25 °C (July 1995) and the lowest -11 °C (December 2010). Similar parallels in nearby Sweden have much more continental climates with much more extensive heat and coldwaves, further demonstrating the moderating effect of the North Atlantic. The moderate winter climate is some 30 °C warmer than marine areas around Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
in Canada on similar latitudes.

Climate data for Thurso, Scotland

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 14.1 (57.4) 14.4 (57.9) 17.8 (64) 19.8 (67.6) 22.8 (73) 24.3 (75.7) 25.0 (77) 24.9 (76.8) 23.0 (73.4) 19.9 (67.8) 16.2 (61.2) 13.8 (56.8) 25.0 (77)

Average high °C (°F) 6.2 (43.2) 6.6 (43.9) 8.0 (46.4) 10.2 (50.4) 12.7 (54.9) 14.6 (58.3) 16.6 (61.9) 16.6 (61.9) 14.6 (58.3) 11.6 (52.9) 8.5 (47.3) 6.6 (43.9) 11.1 (52)

Average low °C (°F) 0.8 (33.4) 0.8 (33.4) 1.7 (35.1) 3.2 (37.8) 5.2 (41.4) 8.1 (46.6) 10.1 (50.2) 10.2 (50.4) 8.2 (46.8) 5.8 (42.4) 3.2 (37.8) 1.1 (34) 4.9 (40.8)

Record low °C (°F) −10.6 (12.9) −10.0 (14) −7.8 (18) −5.3 (22.5) −2.6 (27.3) −0.9 (30.4) 1.2 (34.2) 0.6 (33.1) −3.4 (25.9) −6.2 (20.8) −8.8 (16.2) −11.0 (12.2) −11.0 (12.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 100.4 (3.953) 79.4 (3.126) 82.3 (3.24) 58.0 (2.283) 55.3 (2.177) 63.7 (2.508) 70.5 (2.776) 76.3 (3.004) 96.8 (3.811) 104.0 (4.094) 115.5 (4.547) 110.4 (4.346) 1,002.4 (39.465)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 36.6 67.9 96.4 145.3 196.3 157.3 140.9 135.2 114.1 76.2 45.7 28.7 1,240.5

Source: [32]

Economy[edit]

Rotterdam Street, Thurso

Historically, Thurso
Thurso
was known for its production of linen cloth and had a thriving tanning business.[10] Fishing has always been of major significance in the running of the local economy, and the Thurso Shipowner's Association overlooked much of the shipping activity.[33] The port of Scrabster
Scrabster
lies about 1 1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) to the west of the estuary of the River Thurso, and plays a significant role in the white fish industry in Scotland.[34] Scrabster
Scrabster
has deep water in the shelter of Holborn Head. The harbour includes a berth for the MV Hamnavoe, a roll-on/roll-off ferry operated by Northlink linking the Scottish mainland with Stromness
Stromness
on Orkney. There is also a large fishmart and the local lifeboat is stationed there too. From June 2007, a summer-only weekly ferry service operated by the Faroese company Smyril Line
Smyril Line
reopened,[35] connecting Scrabster
Scrabster
with the Faroe Islands, Iceland
Iceland
and Norway, but has now been discontinued.[36] Thurso
Thurso
boasts a small museum, Caithness
Caithness
Horizons, several hotels and bars, a surf shop/cafe stocking famous brands, and a small skatepark. There is also a sizeable British Telecom
British Telecom
call centre and a plant making lithium-ion batteries for the MoD on the west side of the town, which along with the Dounreay
Dounreay
Nuclear power plant, provide a high level of employment in Caithness. On 12 January 2010, approval was granted for the Baillie wind farm near Thurso
Thurso
which will feature 21 turbines and supply 52.5 MW, enough for 25,000 homes.[37] Landmarks[edit] Further information: List of listed buildings in Thurso, Highland

Old St Peter's Church (St. Peter's Kirk)

The Category A listed ruined Old St Peter's Church (St. Peter's Kirk) is one of the older churches in Scotland, dated to at least 1125, and at one time it was the principal church for the county, administered by the Bishops of Caithness.[9] The church held hearings against criminal activity and determined how those caught should be punished. In 1701, a woman who had a relationship with a Dutch sailor had her head shaved and was publicly shamed, paraded through the town by the local hangman.[9] The current church, St Andrew's and St Peter's, was built in 1832 to a design by William Burn
William Burn
in the Gothic style with buttressed walls and a square tower.[38] The pipe organ was added by Norman & Beard in 1914, and in 1922 Oscar Paterson contributed some of the stained glass windows such as 'The Sower'. In 2013 gravestones were vandalised in the graveyard.[9] Holburn Head Lighthouse, within the parish territory, was completed in 1862 to a design by David & Thomas Stevenson and has since achieved Category B listed status.[39]

Holburn Head Lighthouse

The Swanson Gallery of Thurso
Thurso
hosts exhibitions throughout the year, and showcases glass art by Ian Pearson.[40] The Caithness
Caithness
Horizons building contains a museum and also hosts exhibitions. Hotels of note include the 103-room Royal Hotel,[41] Pentland Hotel, Waterside House, Murray House and the Category B listed Forss House Hotel, about 4 miles to the west of Thurso
Thurso
in a Georgian country mansion.[42] At Sir John's Square is an ornamental garden and statue which was donated to the town by Sir Tollemache Sinclair in memory of his grandfather Sir John Sinclair, a prominent local figure responsible for the "compilation of the First Statistical Account of Scotland
Scotland
and the pioneering of agricultural reforms in Caithness".[43] A Category C listed fountain was built in 1894 by the son of Sir George Sinclair. Also of note is the wellhouse of Meadow Well at the junction of Traill Street and Manson's Lane, which was the primary water supply for Thurso
Thurso
for centuries. The current well, with a conical roof, was completed in 1823.[44] Education[edit]

Pennyland House

The main campus of North Highland College, formerly Thurso
Thurso
College, is one of several partner colleges which constitute the University of the Highlands & Islands. It offers several certificate, diploma and degree courses from subjects as diverse as Nuclear Decommissioning, Hairdressing, Gamekeeping and Golf Management. Adjacent to the UHI is Thurso
Thurso
High School, the most northerly secondary school on the British mainland, established in 1958. The town also has three primary schools, Pennyland, Miller Academy Primary[a] and Mount Pleasant.[46] Mount Pleasant Primary School teaches in Scottish gaelic, part of a revival of the language in Caithness.[20] According to the 2011 census, 110 residents of the town age three and over (1.43%) speak Gaelic while 181 overall (2.35%) have some facility with the language.[47] A Gaelic language nursery school, Cròileagan Inbhir Theòrsa, was created in the town in 1996.[48] Caithness
Caithness
Horizons is a small museum that opened in 2008.[49] The museum now houses panels from the control room at the Dounreay Materials Testing Reactor (DMTR), which in 1958 had become Scotland's first operation nuclear reactor.[50] Sport[edit]

Thurso
Thurso
is popular with water sports enthusiasts

With its powerful swells, Thurso
Thurso
is a notable location for surfing and kayaking, with international surfing championship events having regularly been held in the area.[51] It attracts surfers from all over the world,[52] and both the European Surfing
Surfing
Championships and Scottish Surf Kayaking
Kayaking
Championships have been held in Caithness, with Thurso
Thurso
East being the main focus of activity. An annual raft race is organised by the North Coast Branch of Coastguard Association.[53] The football (soccer) team, Thurso FC
Thurso FC
(nicknamed "the Vikings"), was established in 2008 and plays in the North Caledonian League. Caithness
Caithness
Crushers are a rugby league club playing in the Scotland Rugby League Conference Division 1, while Caithness
Caithness
RFC are a rugby union club that participate in the Caledonia One.[54] The local athletics club is Caithness
Caithness
Amateur Athletics Club (C.A.A.C.); hurdler Moira Mcbeath was a 1986 Commonwealth Games athlete.[55] Thurso
Thurso
has the largest swimming club in the Highland area, Thurso
Thurso
Amateur Swimming Club (TASC), with over 250 members.[56] Thurso
Thurso
Bowling Club is next door to the Tesco
Tesco
supermarket. Also of note is Caithness Motocross Club, which stages races fortnightly during the summer on tracks around the county.[57] Transport[edit]

Thurso
Thurso
railway station

Thurso railway station
Thurso railway station
opened in 1874. It was the most northern station on the Sutherland and Caithness
Caithness
Railway.[58] The station became part of the Highland Railway
Highland Railway
Company in the late 19th century[59] before being absorbed into the London, Midland and Scottish Railway in 1923.[60] and it is now part of the Far North Line.[61] The nearby port of Scrabster
Scrabster
provides ferry services to the Orkney Islands. The A9 trunk road, which connects Thurso
Thurso
to Inverness, Perth and the Central Belt
Central Belt
ends at the ferry terminal.[62] Stagecoach run bus services from Thurso
Thurso
to Wick and John O' Groats, and a long distance service to Helmsdale
Helmsdale
and Inverness.[63] Twin towns[edit] Thurso
Thurso
has been twinned with Brilon, Germany since 1972, after two men from the respective towns met in London and agreed a formal link. The twinning has come under threat as Thurso High School no longer participates in its activities and there is a lack of young people willing to preserve relationships between the towns.[64] Notable people[edit]

Andrew Geddes Bain
Andrew Geddes Bain
(1797–1864) — geologist, road engineer, palaeontologist and explorer.[65] David Orson Calder (1823–1884) — academician and pioneer settler in Utah.[66] John Charles "Jock" Campbell (VC) (1894–1942) — British Army officer.[67] Martin Carr (born 1968) — writer and musician.[68] Robert Dick
Robert Dick
(1811–1866) — geologist; lived in Thurso
Thurso
from 1830 until death.[69] John Finlaison
John Finlaison
(1783–1860) — civil servant and government actuary.[70] George Finlayson (1790–1823) — naturalist and traveler.[71] Bryan Gunn
Bryan Gunn
(born 1963) — professional football goalkeeper and manager.[72] Robin Harper
Robin Harper
(born 1940) — politician.[73] William Henderson (1810–1872) — physician and homeopath.[74] Christina Keith (1889-1963), Scottish academic and author Jock Macdonald (1897–1960) — Canadian painter and art educator.[75] Gary Mackay-Steven
Gary Mackay-Steven
(born 1990) — professional football winger, currently playing for Celtic.[76] Tommy McGee (born 1979) — professional rugby player.[77] Anne McKevitt (born 1967) — entrepreneur, TV Personality, author and philanthropist.[78] Martin Rennie
Martin Rennie
(born 1975) — professional football coach.[79] Sir William David Ross, KBE (1877–1971) — moral philosopher, editor and translator of Aristotle.[80] Arthur St. Clair
Arthur St. Clair
(1737–1818) — American Revolutionary War soldier and politician.[81] Sir William Alexander Smith (1854–1914) — founder of the Boys Brigade.[82] Donald Swanson
Donald Swanson
(1848–1924) — senior police officer in the Metropolitan Police during the Jack the Ripper murders.[83]

References[edit] Notes

^ Originally Miller Institution, it changed to only a Primary School in 1958 when Thurso High School was built to accommodate the influx of people connected to the Dounreay
Dounreay
Nuclear Power Station.[45]

Citations[edit]

^ Highland profile, Highland Council, archived from the original on 28 December 2017, retrieved 28 December 2017  ^ Field, John (1984). Discovering Place Names. Shire Publications. ISBN 978-0852637029.  ^ Mills, A. D. (2011). "Thurso". A Dictionary of British Place Names. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 10 June 2015. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Scottish Place Names in Scots". Scots Language Centre. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Macleod & Dewar 1845, p. 563. ^ "Neolithic horned cairns near Caithness
Caithness
wind farm scanned". BBC. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Mitchell 1825, p. 385. ^ McFadden 1999, p. 301. ^ a b c d "Gravestones vandalised at Old St Peter's Church in Thurso". BBC. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ a b Rees 1819, p. 603. ^ "Poor Relief", Scottish Archive Network, archived from the original on 20 January 2015, retrieved 20 January 2015  ^ Groome (1885), p. 438 ^ a b Higginbotham, Peter. " Thurso
Thurso
Combination, Caithness". workhouses.org. Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ Higginbotham (2012), The 1845 Scottish Poor Law Act ^ a b "Thurso". Visitoruk.com. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ ThirdWay. Hymns Ancient & Modern Ltd. April 1986. p. 5.  ^ a b The History and Achievements of UKAEA Dounreay
Dounreay
(PDF), UKAEA, archived (PDF) from the original on 10 June 2015, retrieved 10 June 2015  ^ " Dounreay
Dounreay
Decommissioning: Monumental task", The Engineer, 19 May 2008, retrieved 22 June 2015 – via Highbeam Research, (Subscription required (help))  ^ Groot 1993, p. 236. ^ a b "Gaelic medium primary department for Caithness". BBC News. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "List of Mod's places". Sabhal Mòr Ostaig. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Publications. 1855. p. 753.  ^ "Highland Council". Alexgraham.org.uk. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ http://www.highland.gov.uk/councillors/specificWard/2/02_thurso_and_northwest_caithness ^ Wilson, P. (13 February 2007), "Council to save pounds 1m in jobs changes", The Press and Journal, p. 4  ^ Atkinson 2010, p. 929. ^ Google
Google
(14 December 2014). "Thurso" (Map). Google
Google
Maps. Google. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Krauskopf 2001, p. 9. ^ "Lord Thurso
Thurso
puts his famous salmon river up for sale at GBP 2m". The Scotsman, accessed via HighBream Research (subscription required). 8 October 2005. Retrieved 7 June 2015.  ^ Lewis 1848, p. 534. ^ Tait & Johnstone 1836, p. 640. ^ "climate: Thurso". Met Office. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ Aberdeen Journal - Saturday 1 March 1879, p.8, Accessed via The British Newspaper Archive
British Newspaper Archive
(subscription required). Retrieved 14 December 2014. ^ "Scotland's marine atlas: Fishing". The Scottish Government. March 2011. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.  ^ "Reopening of North Atlantic Link to Scrabster
Scrabster
- Highland". Highland Council. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "Summer ferry sailings cancelled". BBC. Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "News release: Two wind farm schemes approved". Scottish Government. 12 January 2010. Archived from the original on 3 February 2013.  ^ "St Peter's & St Andrew's Church, Thurso". Scotland
Scotland
Church's Trust. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "Holburn Head". Northern Lighthouse Board. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "Thurso". Visitscotland.com. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "The Royal Hotel". Bespokehotels.com. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Wilson 2012, p. 262. ^ "Thurso". Caithness.org. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "Meadow Well". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Ramsay, Pat, "About our school" (pdf), Miller Academy Primary School handbook 2015–2016  ^ "Pennyland Primary School". Highland Council. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "2011 Scottish Census (Table QS211SC)". Scotlandscensus.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ " Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
Local Studies" (PDF). Linguae-celticae.org. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ "Scotland's museums: Caithness
Caithness
Horizons". Museums Galleries Scotland. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ " Dounreay
Dounreay
control room given to museum in Thurso". BBC News. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ Cox, Roger (16 November 2013). " Thurso
Thurso
still boasts world-class waves". The Scotsman. Retrieved 8 December 2014.  ^ Mason 2011, p. 12. ^ " Thurso Bay Raft Race". Caithness.org. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ " Caithness
Caithness
Rugby Football Club: history: CRFC 1962 - Present Day". Pitchero.com. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ " Caithness
Caithness
baton bearers named". John O'Groat Journal. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014.  ^ " Thurso
Thurso
Amateur Swimming Club". Thursoasc.org.uk. Retrieved 14 December 2014.  ^ " Caithness
Caithness
Moto-X Club". sport.caithness.org. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.  ^ "Sutherland and Caithness
Caithness
Railway". 15. The Railway Magazine. 1904. Retrieved 7 June 2015.  ^ Campbell 1920, p. 150. ^ Whitehouse & Thomas 2002, p. 204. ^ "Far North Line: Inverness
Inverness
to Thurso
Thurso
and Wick". ScotRail. Retrieved 23 June 2015.  ^ "Scottish independence: my way and the highway". The Guardian. 29 August 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2015.  ^ "Timetable 51336 77" (PDF). Stagecoach Group. Retrieved 7 June 2015.  ^ Clark, Will (8 August 2012). "Threat to future link with twin-town". John O'Groat Journal. Retrieved 5 October 2014.  ^ Bain 1949, p. xii. ^ Chamberlin 1960, p. 584. ^ Zabecki 2015, p. 283. ^ Larkin 2011, p. 10. ^ Harper's Weekly. Harper's Magazine Company. 1879. p. 95.  ^ Urban 1860, p. 194. ^ The British Critic. F. and C. Rivington. 1826. p. 158.  ^ Brack 2011, p. 24. ^ Spicer 2004, p. 132. ^ Debus 1968, p. 783. ^ Zemans 1985, p. 7. ^ "Celtic's Gary Mackay-Steven
Gary Mackay-Steven
back in the big time". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ "McGhee lands seven-week suspension". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ "Apprentice contestant, Alex Epstein to participate in college Enterprise Day". North Highland College. Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ "Scots manager Martin Rennie: I'll put my heart and Seoul into running new club in Korea". The Daily Record. Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ "William David Ross". Giffordlectures.org. Retrieved 22 June 2015.  ^ Browning 1898, p. 154. ^ Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac and National Repository ... Oliver & Boyd. 1912. p. 751.  ^ "True detective: The Scot who hunted Jack the Ripper". BBC News. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 

Sources[edit]

Atkinson, David (15 September 2010). Great Britain. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-74220-341-6.  Bain, Andrew Geddes (1949). Journals. Van Riebeeck Society.  Brack, Ted (6 October 2011). There's Only One Sauzee: When Le God Graced Easter Road. Black & White Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-84502-395-9.  Browning, Charles Henry (1898). The Magna Charta Barons and Their American Descendants with the Pedigrees of the Founders of the Order of Runnemede Deduced from the Sureties for the Enforcement of the Statutes of the Magna Charta of King John.  Campbell, H.F. (1920). Caithness
Caithness
and Sutherland Cambridge County Geographies. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-69280-0.  Chamberlin, Ralph Vary (1960). The University of Utah: A History of Its First Hundred Years, 1850 to 1950. University of Utah Press.  Debus, Allen G. (1968). World Who's who in Science: A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Scientists from Antiquity to the Present. Marquis-Who's Who.  Groot, Gerard J. De (January 1993). Liberal Crusader: The Life of Sir Archibald Sinclair. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 978-1-85065-182-6.  Groome, Francis H. (1885), Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, 6, Thomas C. Jack  Higginbotham, Peter (2012), The Workhouse Encyclopedia (eBook), The History Press, ISBN 978-0-7524-7719-0  Krauskopf, Sharma (2001). Scottish Lighthouses. Sharma Krauskopf. ISBN 978-0-86281-803-6.  Larkin, Colin (27 May 2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-595-8.  Lewis, Samuel (1848). Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. British History Online (online edition).  Macleod, Norman; Dewar, Daniel (1845). A Dictionary of the Gaelic Language. Bohn.  Mason, Paul (2011). Surfing: The World's Most Fantastic Surf Spots and Techniques. Capstone. ISBN 978-1-4296-6879-8.  McFadden, David (1999). An Innocent in Scotland: More Curious Rambles and Singular Encounters. M&S. ISBN 978-0-7710-5528-7.  Mitchell, James (1825). The Scotsman's Library: Being a Collection of Anecdotes and Facts Illustrative of Scotland
Scotland
and Scotsmen. J. Anderson.  Rees, Abraham (1819). The Cyclopaedia; Or, Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature. - London, Longman, Hurst (usw.) 1819-20. Longman, Hurst.  Spicer, Matthew (2004). The Scotsman Guide to Scottish Politics. Scotsman Publications. ISBN 978-0-7486-1924-5.  Tait, William; Johnstone, Christian Isobel (1836). Tait's Edinburgh Magazine. W. Tait.  Urban, Sylvanus (1860). The Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Review.  Whitehouse, Patrick; Thomas, David St John (2002). LMS 150 : The London Midland & Scottish Railway A century and a half of progress. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-1378-9.  Wilson, Neil (1 March 2012). Lonely Planet Scotland's Highlands & Islands. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-74220-688-2.  Zabecki, David T. (1 May 2015). World War II in Europe: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-81242-3.  Zemans, Joyce (1 January 1985). Jock Macdonald. National Gallery of Canada. ISBN 978-0-88884-527-6. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Thurso
Thurso
at Wikimedia Commons Guide to Thurso
Thurso
at Travelscotland.co.uk

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150208508 GN

.