Buddhists take REFUGE in the
Refuge is common to all major schools of Buddhism.
* 1 Faith (saddha) * 2 Precepts * 3 Wording * 4 Three Roots * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links
Faith is an important teaching element in both
Theravada and Mahayana
traditions. In contrast to perceived Western notions of faith, faith
Kalama Sutra , the Buddha explicitly argues against simply
following authority or tradition , particularly those of religions
contemporary to the Buddha's time. There remains value for a degree
of trusting confidence and belief in Buddhism, primarily in the
spiritual attainment and salvation or enlightenment . Faith in
For someone who wishes to study and practice Buddhism, the five ethical precepts encouraged are to voluntarily undertake the practice to:
* refrain from killing. * refrain from stealing. * refrain from lying. * refrain from consuming intoxicants. * refrain from improper sexual conduct.
Note: The precepts may be listed in order of the gravity of harmful actions guarded against. Improper sexual conduct can roughly mean 'hurtful or harmful' sexual conduct.
For those interested in slightly more advanced practices, on full moon, new moon, and sometimes other quarter moon days , it is encouraged to undertake the eight ethical precepts , which also includes:
* refrain from eating after noon * refrain from singing, dancing, music, watching entertainment, wearing jewelry, using perfumes and colognes, and wearing make-up. * refrain from sleeping on high and luxurious beddings
SANSKRIT version: बुद्धं शरणं गच्छामि। धर्मं शरणं गच्छामि। संघं शरणं गच्छामि।
Buddhaṃ śaraṇaṃ gacchāmi. Dharmaṃ śaraṇaṃ gacchāmi. Saṃghaṃ śaraṇaṃ gacchāmi.
I take refuge in the Buddha. I take refuge in the Dharma. I take refuge in the Sangha.
PāLI ( Theravāda ) version: बुद्धं सरणं गच्छामि। दम्मं सरणं गच्छामि। सङ्घं सरणं गच्छामि।
Buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi. Dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi. Saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.
I go to the Buddha for refuge. I go to the Dhamma for refuge. I go to the Sangha for refuge.
KHMER characters: ពុទ្ធំ សរណំ គច្ឆាមិ ។ ធម្មំ សរណំ គច្ឆាមិ ។ សង្ឃំ សរណំ គច្ឆាមិ ។ To the Buddha for refuge I go To the Dharma for refuge I go To the Sangha for refuge I go
UYGHUR version: Namo but. Namo dram. Namo sang.
However, some substitute the above with a (
Mahāyāna ) version taken
TIBETAN : The basic refuge in Tibetan is: སངས་རྒྱས་ལ་སྐྱབས་སུ་མཆིའོ། ཆོས་ལ་སྐྱབས་སུ་མཆིའོ། དགེ་འདུན་ལ་སྐྱབས་སུ་མཆིའོ། Sang-gyé la kyap-su chio (I go for refuge to the Buddha) Chö la kyap-su chio (I go for refuge to the Dharma) Gendün la kyap-su chio (I go for refuge to the Sangha)
A Mahayana refuge in Tibetan: སངས་རྒྱས་ཆོས་དང་ཚོགས་ཀྱི་མཆོག་རྣམས་ལ། བྱང་ཆུབ་བར་དུ་སྐྱབས་སུ་མཆི། བདག་གིས་སྦྱིན་སོགས་བགྱི་པ་འདི་དག་གིས། འགྲོ་ལ་ཕན་ཕྱིར་སངས་རྒྱས་འགྲུབ་པར་ཤོག Sang gyé chö dang tsok kyi chok nam la Jang chup bar du kyap su chi Dak gi jin sok gyi pa di dak gi Dro la pen chir sang gyé drup par shok In the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha most excellent, I take refuge until enlightenment. By the merit of generosity and so on, May I achieve Buddhahood to benefit all sentient beings.
TIBETAN BUDDHIST REFUGE FORMULATIONS
THREE VAJRAS Mind Speech Body
SEED SYLLABLE blue hum red ah white om
Three refuge motivation levels are: 1) suffering rebirth's fear motivates with the idea of happiness, 2) knowing rebirth won’t bring freedoms motivates attaining nirvana, while 3) seeing other’s suffering motivates establishing them all in Buddhahood. Happiness is temporary, lifetimes are impermanent and ultimately refuge is taken until reaching unsurpassed awakening.
* ^ Shults, Brett (May 2014). "On the Buddha’s Use of Some
Brahmanical Motifs in
* Sangharakshita, Going for Refuge. Windhorse Publications. (1997) * Ceremony for Taking Refuge and Precepts by Ven. Thubten Chodron
* A Buddhist View on Refuge
* Refuge: A Safe and Meaningful Direction in Life by Dr. Alexander
* Refuge Vows (including commentary by Dr. Alexander Berzin)
* Taking the refuges and precepts online by
Vajrayana refuge prayer audio
* The Threefold Refuge (tisarana)
Five Precepts (pañca-sila)
* Abhisanda Sutta (
Anguttara Nikaya )
* Saranagamana (
* Going for Refuge and Taking the Precepts by
* Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma and
* v * t * e
* Glossary * Index * Outline