Thraco-Illyrian is a hypothesis that the Thraco-Dacian and Illyrian languages comprise a distinct branch of Indo-European. Thraco-Illyrian is also used as a term merely implying a Thracian-Illyrian interference, mixture or sprachbund, or as a shorthand way of saying that it is not determined whether a subject is to be considered as pertaining to Thracian or Illyrian. Downgraded to a geo-linguistic concept, these languages are referred to as Paleo-Balkan. The linguistical hypothesis was especially current in the early 20th century, but after the 1960s it was seriously called into question. New publications argued that no strong evidence for Thraco-Illyrian exists, and that the two language-areas show more differences than correspondences (Vladimir Georgiev, Ivan Duridanov, Eric Hamp, et al.).
1 Linguistic contact or common branch? 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References 5 Bibliography
Linguistic contact or common branch?
Illyrian Daco-Thracian Remarks
Abroi Abre- Abre- is an element taken from certain Thracian anthroponyms
Aploi, Aplus, Apulia Apuli, Appulus, Apulum
Bilia, Bilios Bila
Dardi, Dardani Dardanos, Darda-para
Sita Sita, Seita
Tribulium Triballi, Tribanta
Zorada Zar-, Zur-
Thraco-Illyrian correspondences are definite, and a number
may be incorrect, even from the list above. Sorin Paliga (2002)
however states: "According to the available data, we may surmise that
Thracian and Illyrian were mutually understandable, e.g. like Czech
and Slovak, in one extreme, or like Spanish and Portuguese, at the
Other linguists however argue that Illyrian and Thracian were
different Indo-European branches which later converged through
contact. It is also of significance that
Albanian language Balkan sprachbund Classification of Thracian Dacian language Paleo-Balkan languages Romanian words of possible Dacian origin (and comparison with Albanian words) Thracian language Venetic language
^ The place of Paeonian remains unclear. Not much has been determined in the study of Paeonian, and some linguists do not recognize a Paeonian area separate from Illyrian or Thracian. The place of Ancient Macedonian is also undetermined. Paliga (2002) states: "It is therefore difficult to say whether the ancient Macedonians spoke an idiom closer to Thracian, Illyrian, Greek or a specific idiom."
^ Balkans ^ a b Russu 1969. ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0-631-19807-5., p. 85, "Whether the Dardanians were an Illyrian or a Thracian people has been much debated..." ^ Wilkes et al., 1992. ^ Hemp, Georgiev 'et al. ^ Paeonia
Georgiev, Vladimir. Paliga, Sorin. Pre-Slavic place-names. 2002. Wilkes, John. The Illyrians. Blackwell Publishing, 1992. Russu, Ion I. (1969). Limba traco-dacilor (in Romanian). Bucharest: Editura