HOME
The Info List - Thomas Andrews


--- Advertisement ---



Thomas Andrews, Jr. (7 February 1873 – 15 April 1912) was a British businessman and shipbuilder. He was managing director and head of the drafting department of the shipbuilding company Harland and Wolff
Harland and Wolff
in Belfast, Ireland. As the naval architect in charge of the plans for the ocean liner RMS Titanic, he was travelling on board that vessel during her maiden voyage when the ship hit an iceberg on 14 April 1912. He perished along with more than 1,500 others. His body was never recovered.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life 1.2 Harland and Wolff

2 RMS Titanic

2.1 Death

3 Legacy 4 Portrayals 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Early life[edit]

Thomas (second from right) with family, circa 1895.

Thomas Andrews
Thomas Andrews
was born at Ardara House, Comber, County Down, in Ireland, to The Rt. Hon. Thomas Andrews, a member of the Privy Council of Ireland, and Eliza Pirrie. Andrews was a Presbyterian of Scottish descent, and like his brother considered himself British. His siblings included John Miller Andrews, the future Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, and Sir James Andrews, the future Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland. Thomas Andrews
Thomas Andrews
lived with his family in Ardara, Comber. In 1884, he began attending the Royal Belfast
Belfast
Academical Institution until 1889 when, at the age of sixteen, he began a premium apprenticeship at Harland and Wolff
Harland and Wolff
where his uncle, the Viscount Pirrie, was part owner.

Andrews with wife, Helen Barbour, and daughter, Elizabeth Law Barber Andrews

Harland and Wolff[edit] At Harland and Wolff, he began with three months in the joiners' shop, followed by a month in the cabinetmakers' and then a further two months working on the ships. The last eighteen months of his five-year apprenticeship were spent in the drawing office. In 1901, Andrews, after working his way up through the many departments of the company, became the manager of the construction works. That same year, he also became a member of the Institution of Naval Architects. In 1907, Andrews was appointed the managing director and head of the drafting department at Harland and Wolff. During his long years of apprenticeship, study, and work, Andrews had become well liked in the company and amongst the shipyard's employees. On 24 June 1908, he married Helen Reilly Barbour, daughter of textile industrialist John Doherty Barbour and sister to Rt Hon Sir John Milne Barbour- known as "Milne". Their daughter, Elizabeth Law-Barbour Andrews (known by her initials, "ELBA"), was born on 27 November 1910. The couple lived at Dunallan, 20 Windsor Avenue, Belfast.[1][2] It is known that Andrews took Helen to view the RMS Titanic
RMS Titanic
one night, shortly before Elizabeth was born. After Thomas's death, Helen remarried; she died 22 August 1966 in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and is buried in the Barbour family mausoleum at Lambeg. RMS Titanic[edit] In 1907, Andrews began to oversee the plans for a new superliner, the RMS Olympic for the White Star Line. The Olympic and its sister ship the Titanic, which began construction in 1909, were designed by William Pirrie and general manager Alexander Carlisle
Alexander Carlisle
along with Andrews. As he had done for the other ships he had overseen, Andrews familiarised himself with every detail of the Olympic and Titanic, in order to ensure that they were in optimal working order. Andrews's suggestions that the ship have 46 lifeboats (instead of the 20 it ended up with) as well as a double hull and watertight bulkheads that went up to B deck, were overruled.[3][unreliable source?] Andrews headed a group of Harland and Wolff
Harland and Wolff
workers who went on the maiden voyages of the ships built by the company (the guarantee group), to observe ship operations and spot any necessary improvements. The Titanic
Titanic
was no exception, so Andrews and the rest of his Harland and Wolff
Harland and Wolff
group travelled from Belfast
Belfast
to Southampton
Southampton
on Titanic
Titanic
for the beginning of her maiden voyage on 10 April 1912. During the voyage, Andrews took notes on various improvements he felt were needed, primarily cosmetic changes to various facilities. However, on 14 April, Andrews remarked to a friend that Titanic
Titanic
was "as nearly perfect as human brains can make her." On 14 April at 11:40 PM, the Titanic
Titanic
struck an iceberg on the ship's starboard side. Andrews had been in his stateroom, planning changes he wanted to make to the ship, and barely noticed the collision. Captain Edward J. Smith had Andrews summoned to help examine the damage. Andrews and Captain Smith discussed the damage to the ship shortly after midnight after Andrews had toured the damaged section of the ship and received several reports of the vessel's damage. Andrews determined that the first five of the ship's watertight compartments were rapidly flooding. Andrews knew that if more than four of the ship's compartments flooded, it would inevitably sink. He relayed this information to Captain Smith, stating that it was a 'mathematical certainty', and adding that in his opinion, the vessel had only about an hour before it completely sank. He also informed Smith of the severe shortage of lifeboats on board the ship. As the evacuation of the Titanic
Titanic
began, Andrews tirelessly searched staterooms telling the passengers to put on lifebelts and go up on deck.[4] Several survivors testify to have met or spotted Andrews several times. Fully aware of the short time the ship had left and of the lack of lifeboat space for all passengers and crew, he continued to urge reluctant people into the lifeboats in the hope of filling them with as many people as possible. Death[edit]

Andrews was reportedly last seen in the first-class smoking room, although this has been disputed.

Andrews was reportedly last seen by John Stewart, a steward on the ship, at approximately 2:10 a.m., ten minutes before the Titanic sank into the Atlantic. Andrews was standing alone in the first-class smoking room staring at a painting, Plymouth Harbour, above the fireplace, arms folded over his chest, his lifejacket lying on a nearby table.[5][6][7] The painting depicted the entrance to Plymouth Sound, which Titanic
Titanic
had been expected to visit on her return voyage.[8] Although this has become one of the most famous legends of the sinking of the Titanic
Titanic
- published in a 1912 book (Thomas Andrews: Shipbuilder by Shan Bullock) and thereby perpetuated - Stewart, in fact, left the ship in a lifeboat at approximately 1:40 a.m.[9], half an hour before his reputed sighting of Andrews. There were testimonies of sightings of Andrews after that moment.[9] It appears that Andrews stayed in the smoking room for some time, then continued assisting with the evacuation.[9] At around 2:00 a.m., he was seen back on the boat deck. The crowd had begun to stir, but there were still women reluctant to leave the ship. To be heard and to draw attention to himself, Andrews waved his arms and announced to them in a loud voice.[10] Another reported sighting was of Andrews frantically throwing deck chairs into the ocean for passengers to cling to in the water, though he may have been mistaken for chief baker Charles Joughin, who survived the sinking and reported doing the same thing.[11] He then headed towards the bridge, perhaps in search of Captain Smith.[10] Andrews was last seen leaving the ship in its final moments. His body was never recovered. On 19 April 1912, his father received a telegram from his mother's cousin, who had spoken with survivors in New York: "INTERVIEW TITANIC'S OFFICERS. ALL UNANIMOUS THAT ANDREWS HEROIC UNTO DEATH, THINKING ONLY SAFETY OTHERS. EXTEND HEARTFELT SYMPATHY TO ALL." Legacy[edit] Newspaper accounts of the disaster labelled Andrews a hero. Mary Sloan, a stewardess on the ship, whom Andrews persuaded to enter a lifeboat, later wrote in a letter: "Mr. Andrews met his fate like a true hero, realising the great danger, and gave up his life to save the women and children of the Titanic. They will find it hard to replace him." A short biography was produced within the year by Shan Bullock at the request of Sir Horace Plunkett, a member of Parliament, who felt that Andrews' life was worthy of being memorialised. In his home town, Comber, one of the earliest and most substantial memorials for a single victim of the Titanic
Titanic
disaster was built. The Thomas Andrews
Thomas Andrews
Jr. Memorial Hall was opened in January 1914. The architects were Young and McKenzie with sculpted work by the artist Sophia Rosamond Praeger. The hall is now maintained by the South Eastern Education Board and used by The Andrews Memorial Primary School. An Ulster History Circle blue plaque is located on his house in Windsor Avenue, Belfast. Today, the SS Nomadic is the sole surviving ship designed by Andrews. Asteroid 245158 Thomasandrews was named in his honour in 2004.[12] Portrayals[edit]

Patrick Macnee
Patrick Macnee
(1956; Kraft Television Theatre; A Night to Remember) Michael Goodliffe
Michael Goodliffe
(1958; A Night to Remember) Geoffrey Whitehead
Geoffrey Whitehead
(1979; S.O.S. Titanic; TV Movie) Victor Garber
Victor Garber
(1997; Titanic) Michael Cerveris
Michael Cerveris
(1997; Titanic; Broadway Musical) Vern Urich (1998; Titanic: Secrets Revealed; TV Documentary) Don Lynch (2003; Ghosts of the Abyss; Documentary) Damian O'Hare (2005; Titanic: Birth of a Legend; TV Documentary) Paul Mundell (2011; Curiosity Episode: "What Sank Titanic?") Stephen Campbell Moore
Stephen Campbell Moore
(2012; Titanic; TV series/3 episodes) Billy Carter (2012; Titanic: Blood and Steel; TV series/12 episodes) Nick Danan (2012; The Titanic
Titanic
Boys; Stage Production- Grand Opera House, Belfast) Stephen Hogan (2012; Saving The Titanic; PBS TV Movie) Robert Bagdon (2013; Belfast
Belfast
Air; Short Film) Greg Castiglioni (2013; Titanic
Titanic
The Musical (London premier) & 2015; (Toronto); directed by Thom Southerland) Kazuki Kato (2015; " Titanic
Titanic
the musical"; Japanese Musical directed by Tom Sutherland)

References[edit]

^ NationalArchives.ie ^ Ulster History Cycle Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Thomas Andrews
Thomas Andrews
– A Talented Designer That Met With A Tragic Fate". Titanicuniverse.com. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2017.  ^ (Mark Chirnside 2004, p. 163) ^ Eaton & Haas 1994, p. 155. ^ (Walter Lord 1998, p. 113) ^ (Mark Chirnside 2004, p. 177) ^ The painting is often incorrectly shown on television and in movies as depicting the entrance to New York Harbor. ^ a b c On a Sea of Glass: The Life & Loss of the RMS Titanic
RMS Titanic
by Tad Fitch, J. Kent Layton & Bill Wormstedt. Amberley Books, March 2012. pp 321-323 ^ a b (in English) « The sinking of the Titanic », Thomas Andrews Shipbuilder. Consulté le 21 avril 2011 ^ British Wreck Commissioner's Inquiry Day 6 – Testimony of Charles Joughin, Titanic
Titanic
Inquiry Project. Retrieved on 5 November 2017. ^ Levy, David. "Asteroid Named for Titanic
Titanic
Designer Thomas Andrews". Encyclopedia Titanica. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 

M. A. Kribble. "Thomas Andrews: Builder of the Ship of Dreams". Thomas Andrews: Builder of the Ship of Dreams. Archived from the original on 2 February 2003. Retrieved 9 July 2005. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thomas Andrews.

Thomas Andrews
Thomas Andrews
on Titanic-Titanic.com Encyclopedia Titanica Biography of Thomas Andrews LibraryIreland.com, " Thomas Andrews
Thomas Andrews
Shipbuilder", a 1912 biography of Thomas Andrews Thomas Andrews, Jr at Find a Grave

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 75647781 LCCN: n99045310

v t e

RMS Titanic

First class facilities Second and Third class facilities Grand Staircase Animals aboard Musicians

Sinking

Alternative theories Changes in safety practices Legends and myths Lifeboats Lifeboat No. 1 British inquiry US inquiry Wreck of Titanic Maritime Memorial Act

Deck officers

Edward J. Smith (Captain) Henry Tingle Wilde (Chief Officer) William McMaster Murdoch
William McMaster Murdoch
(First Officer) Charles H. Lightoller (Second Officer) Herbert Pitman
Herbert Pitman
(Third Officer) Joseph G. Boxhall (Fourth Officer) Harold G. Lowe (Fifth Officer) James Paul Moody
James Paul Moody
(Sixth Officer) Joseph Bell (Machine Room Manager)

Crew members

Frederick Barrett Harold Bride William Denton Cox Sid Daniels Alfred Frank Evans Frederick Fleet Luigi Gatti Robert Hichens Violet Jessop Charles Joughin Reginald Lee Evelyn Marsden William Mintram Jack Phillips George Symons

Passengers

Fatalities

Allison family Thomas Andrews John Jacob Astor IV David John Bowen Archibald Butt Thomas Byles Walter Donald Douglas Edith Corse Evans Annie Funk Jacques Futrelle Sidney Leslie Goodwin Benjamin Guggenheim John Harper Wallace Hartley Charles Melville Hays Edward Austin Kent Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche Francis Davis Millet Harry Markland Molson Michel Navratil Eino Viljami Panula W. T. Stead Ida Straus Isidor Straus John Borland Thayer Jr. Frank M. Warren, Sr. George Dennick Wick George Dunton Widener Harry Elkins Widener Duane Williams George Henry Wright Roderick Chisholm

Survivors (last living)

Rhoda Abbott Trevor Allison Lillian Asplund Madeleine Astor Ruth Becker Lawrence Beesley Karl Behr Dickinson Bishop Mauritz Håkan Björnström-Steffansson Elsie Bowerman Francis Browne Margaret "Molly" Brown Daniel Buckley Alden Caldwell Helen Churchill Candee Charlotte Drake Cardeza Lucile Carter Gladys Cherry Millvina Dean Margaret Devaney Sir Cosmo Duff-Gordon Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon Ethel Flora Fortune Dorothy Gibson Archibald Gracie IV Frank John William Goldsmith Edith Haisman Henry S. Harper Eva Hart Margaret Bechstein Hays Masabumi Hosono J. Bruce Ismay Eleanor Ileen Johnson Louise Laroche Louise Kink Margaret Mannion Michel Marcel Navratil Alfred Nourney Arthur Godfrey Peuchen Winnifred Quick Marjorie Newell Robb Edith Rosenbaum Noël Leslie, Countess of Rothes Emily Ryerson Beatrice Sandström Frederic Kimber Seward Eloise Hughes Smith Jack Thayer Marian Thayer Barbara West Ella Holmes White R. Norris Williams Marie Grice Young

Monuments and memorials

General

Memorials and monuments to the RMS Titanic

Australia

Bandstand (Ballarat)

United Kingdom

Engine Room Heroes (Liverpool) Engineers (Southampton) Musicians (Southampton) Titanic
Titanic
(Belfast) Orchestra (Liverpool)

United States

Straus Park
Straus Park
(New York City) Titanic
Titanic
(New York City) Titanic
Titanic
(Washington, D.C.) Butt-Millet Memorial Fountain
Butt-Millet Memorial Fountain
(Washington, D.C.)

Popular culture

Books

Futility, or the Wreck of the Titan (1898) A Night to Remember (book) Polar the Titanic
Titanic
Bear

Films

Saved from the Titanic
Titanic
(1912) In Nacht und Eis
In Nacht und Eis
(1912) Atlantic (1929) Titanic
Titanic
(1943) Titanic
Titanic
(1953) A Night to Remember (1958) The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1964) Raise the Titanic
Titanic
(1980) Secrets of the Titanic
Titanic
(1986) Titanica
Titanica
(1992) Titanic
Titanic
(1997) The Legend of the Titanic
Titanic
(1999) Titanic: The Legend Goes On (2000) Ghosts of the Abyss
Ghosts of the Abyss
(2003) Tentacolino (2004) Titanic
Titanic
II (2010)

Television

S.O.S. Titanic
S.O.S. Titanic
(1979) Titanic: The Complete Story (1994) Titanic
Titanic
(1996) No Greater Love (1996) "A Flight to Remember" (Futurama) (1999) Titanic
Titanic
(2012) Titanic: Blood and Steel (2012) Saving the Titanic
Titanic
(2012)

Music

"The Titanic
Titanic
(It Was Sad When That Great Ship Went Down)" (folk song) The Sinking of the Titanic
Titanic
(music composition) Titanic
Titanic
(musical) The Unsinkable Molly Brown (musical) "My Heart Will Go On" (Celine Dion song) "Nearer, My God, to Thee" (song)

Video games

Titanic: Adventure Out of Time (1996) Titanic: Honor and Glory (TBA)

Museums and exhibitions

SeaCity Museum
SeaCity Museum
(Southampton) Titanic
Titanic
Museum (Branson, Missouri) Titanic
Titanic
Museum (Pigeon Forge, Tennessee) Maritime Museum of the Atlantic
Maritime Museum of the Atlantic
(Halifax) Titanic
Titanic
Belfast

Places

Titanic
Titanic
(Canada) Titanic
Titanic
Canyon Titanic
Titanic
Quarter, Belfast Cape Race, Newfoundland Fairview Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia Mount Olivet Cemetery (Halifax)

Related

Ships

RMS Olympic RMS Carpathia HMHS Britannic CS Mackay-Bennett Replica Titanic Titanic
Titanic
II

Others

White Star Line Titanic
Titanic
Historical Society Encyclopedia Titanica Halomonas titanicae Women and children first

.