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Thomas Andrews Hendricks (September 7, 1819 – November 25, 1885) was an American politician and lawyer from Indiana
Indiana
who served as the 16th Governor of Indiana
Governor of Indiana
(1873–77) and the 21st Vice President of the United States (1885). Hendricks represented Indiana
Indiana
in the U.S. House of Representatives (1851–55) and the U.S. Senate (1863–69). He also represented Shelby County, Indiana, in the Indiana
Indiana
General Assembly (1848–50) and as a delegate to the 1851 Indiana constitutional convention. In addition, Hendricks served as commissioner of the General Land Office
General Land Office
(1855–59). Hendricks, a popular member of the Democratic Party, was a fiscal conservative known for his honesty and adherence to the U.S. Constitution. He defended the Democratic position in the U.S. Senate during the American Civil War
American Civil War
and Reconstruction Era
Reconstruction Era
and voted against the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. He also opposed Radical Reconstruction and President Andrew Johnson's removal from office following Johnson's impeachment in the U.S. House. Born in Muskingum County, Ohio, Hendricks moved to Indiana, with his parents in 1820; the family settled in Shelby County in 1822. After graduating from Hanover College, class of 1841, Hendricks studied law in Shelbyville, Indiana, and Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. He was admitted to the Indiana
Indiana
bar in 1843. Hendricks began his law practice in Shelbyville, moved to Indianapolis
Indianapolis
in 1860, and established a private law practice with Oscar B. Hord in 1862. The firm evolved into Baker & Daniels, one of the state's leading law firms. Hendricks also ran for election as Indiana's governor three times, but won only once. In 1872, on his third and final attempt, Hendricks defeated General Thomas M. Brown by a margin of 1,148 votes. His term as governor of Indiana
Indiana
was marked by numerous challenges, including a strong Republican majority in the Indiana
Indiana
General Assembly, the economic Panic of 1873, and an economic depression. One of Hendricks's lasting legacies during his tenure as governor was initiating discussions to fund construction of the present-day Indiana Statehouse, which was completed after he left office. A memorial to Hendricks was installed on the southeast corner of its grounds in 1890. Hendricks, a lifelong Democrat, was his party's candidate for U.S. vice president with New York governor Samuel Tilden
Samuel Tilden
as its presidential nominee in the controversial presidential election of 1876. Although they won the popular vote, Tilden and Hendricks lost the election by one vote in the Electoral College to the Republican Party's presidential nominee, Rutherford B. Hayes, and his vice presidential running mate, William A. Wheeler. Despite his poor health, Hendricks accepted his party's nomination for vice president in the election of 1884 as Grover Cleveland's running mate. Cleveland and Hendricks won the election, but Hendricks only served as vice president for about eight months, from March 4, 1885, until his death on November 25, 1885, in Indianapolis. He is buried in Indianapolis's Crown Hill Cemetery.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Marriage and family 3 Early political career

3.1 Indiana
Indiana
legislature and constitutional convention 3.2 U.S. congressman 3.3 Land office commissioner 3.4 Candidate for Indiana
Indiana
governor 3.5 Law practice

4 High office

4.1 U.S. Senator 4.2 Governor of Indiana 4.3 Vice presidential nominee 4.4 Vice President, 1885

5 Death and legacy 6 Honors and tributes 7 Electoral history 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

Early life and education[edit] Hendricks was born on September 7, 1819, in Muskingum County, Ohio, near East Fultonham and Zanesville. He was the second of eight children born to John and Jane (Thomson) Hendricks, who were originally from Pennsylvania.[2][3][4] In 1820 Hendricks moved with his parents and older brother to Madison in Jefferson County, Indiana, at the urging of Thomas's uncle, William Hendricks, a successful politician who served as a U.S. Representative, a U.S. Senator (1825–37), and as the third governor of Indiana
Indiana
(1822–25).[5][6] Thomas's family first settled on a farm near his uncle's home in Madison, and moved to Shelby County, Indiana, in 1822. Hendricks's father, a successful farmer who operated a general store, became involved in politics, including appointment from President Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
as deputy surveyor of public lands for his district.[7] Indiana's Democratic Party leaders frequently visited the Hendricks home in Shelbyville, and from an early age Hendricks was influenced to enter politics.[8][9] Hendricks attended local schools (Shelby County Seminary and Greensburg Academy). He graduated from Hanover College
Hanover College
in Hanover, Indiana, in 1841, in the same class as Albert G. Porter, also a future governor of Indiana.[7][10][11] After college Hendricks read law with Judge Stephen Major in Shelbyville, and in 1843 he took an eight-month law course at a school operated by his uncle, Judge Alexander Thomson in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. Hendricks returned to Indiana, was admitted to the bar in 1843, and established a private practice in Shelbyville.[11][12][13] Marriage and family[edit] Hendricks married Eliza Carol Morgan of North Bend, Ohio, on September 26, 1845, after a two-year courtship. The couple met when Eliza was visiting her married sister, Mrs. Daniel West, in Shelbyville.[14] The couple's only child, a son named Morgan, was born on January 16, 1848, and died in 1851, at the age of three.[11][15] Thomas and Eliza Hendricks moved to Indianapolis
Indianapolis
in 1860[11] and resided from 1865 to 1872 at 1526 South New Jersey Street, now known as the Bates-Hendricks House.[16][17] Early political career[edit] Hendricks remained active in the legal community and in state and national politics from the 1840s until his death in 1885.[12][18] Indiana
Indiana
legislature and constitutional convention[edit] Hendricks began his political career in 1848, when he served a one-year term in the Indiana
Indiana
House of Representatives after defeating Martin M. Ray, the Whig candidate.[19] Hendricks was also one of the two Shelby County delegates to the 1850–51 Indiana
Indiana
constitutional convention. He served on committee that created the organization of the state's townships and counties and decided on the taxation and financial portion of the state constitution. Hendricks also debated the clauses on the powers of the different offices and argued in favor of a powerful judiciary and the abolishment of grand juries.[11][20] U.S. congressman[edit] Hendricks represented Indiana
Indiana
as a Democrat in the U.S. House of Representatives (1851–55) in the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses from March 4, 1851 to March 3, 1855.[21][22][23] Hendricks was chairman of the U.S. Committee on Mileage (Thirty-second Congress) and served on the U.S. Committee on Invalid Pensions (Thirty-third Congress). He supported the principle of popular sovereignty and voted in favor of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Kansas-Nebraska Act
of 1854, which expanded slavery into the western territories of the United States. Both positions were unpopular in Hendricks's home district in Indiana
Indiana
and led to defeat in his re-election bid to Congress in 1854.[11][24] Land office commissioner[edit] In 1855 President Franklin Pierce
Franklin Pierce
appointed Hendricks as commissioner of the General Land Office
General Land Office
in Washington, D.C.[22][11][24] His job supervising 180 clerks and a four-year backlog of work was a demanding one, especially at a time when westward expansion meant that the government was going through one of its largest periods of land sales.[11] During his tenure, the land office issued 400,000 land patents and settled 20,000 disputed land cases. Although Hendricks made thousands of decisions related to disputed land claims, only a few were reversed in court,[24] but he did receive some criticism: "He was the first commissioner who apparently had no background or qualifications for the job. ...Some of the rulings and letters during Hendricks's tenure were not always correct."[25] Hendricks resigned as land office commissioner in 1859 and returned to Shelby County, Indiana.[22] The cause of his departure was not recorded, but potential reasons may have been differences of opinion with President James Buchanan, Pierce's successor. Hendricks resisted Buchanan's efforts to make land office clerks patronage positions, objected to the pro-slavery policies of the Buchanan administration, and supported the homestead bill, which Buchanan opposed.[26] Candidate for Indiana
Indiana
governor[edit] Hendricks ran for governor of Indiana
Indiana
three times (1860, 1868, and 1872), and succeeded only on his third attempt. He became the first Democrat to win a gubernatorial seat after the American Civil War.[3] In 1860 Hendricks, who ran with David Turpie
David Turpie
as his running mate, lost to the Republican candidates, Henry S. Lane
Henry S. Lane
and Oliver P. Morton.[11][22][26] Three of the four men (Lane, Morton, and Hendricks) eventually served as Indiana's governor, and all four became U.S. senators.[26] In 1868, his second campaign for Indiana
Indiana
governor, Hendricks lost to Conrad Baker, the incumbent, by 961 votes.[27][28] Baker, who would later become one of Hendricks's law partners, was elected as lieutenant governor in 1864, and became governor after Morton was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1867.[28] In the national election, Republican nominees Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
and his running mate, Schuyler Colfax of Indiana, carried the state by a margin of more than 20,000 votes, suggesting that the close race for governor demonstrated Hendricks's popularity in Indiana.[28] Following his defeat in his second gubernatorial race Hendricks retired from the U.S. Senate in March 1869 and returned to his private law practice in Indianapolis, but remained connected to state and national politics.[29][30] In 1872, his third campaign to become governor of Indiana, Hendricks narrowly defeated General Thomas M. Browne, 189,424 votes to 188,276.[29] Law practice[edit] In addition to his years of service in various political offices in Indiana
Indiana
and Washington, D.C., Hendricks maintained an active law practice, which he first established in Shelbyville in 1843 and continued after his relocation to Indianapolis.[11] Hendricks and Oscar B. Hord established a law firm in 1862, where Hendricks practiced until the Indiana
Indiana
General Assembly elected him to represent Indiana
Indiana
in the U.S. Senate in 1863.[29][31] The law practice was renamed Hendricks, Hord, and Hendricks in 1866, after Abram W. Hendricks joined the firm. In 1873 it was renamed Baker, Hord, and Hendricks, after Conrad Baker, the outgoing governor of Indiana, joined the firm and Hendricks succeeded him as governor. In 1888 the firm passed to Baker's son, who partnered with Edward Daniels, and it became known as Baker & Daniels, which grew into one of the state's leading law firms.[31][32]

Photo of Sen. Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
(c. 1865)

High office[edit] U.S. Senator[edit] Hendricks represented Indiana
Indiana
in the U.S. Senate (1863–69) during the final years of the American Civil War
American Civil War
and part of the Reconstruction Era.[29] Military reverses in the Civil War, some unpopular decisions in the Lincoln administration, and Democratic control of the Indiana
Indiana
General Assembly helped Hendricks win election to the U.S. Senate.[31] His six years in the Senate covered the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses, where Hendricks was a leader of the small Democratic minority and a member of the opposition who was often overruled.[33][34][35] Hendricks challenged what he thought was radical legislation, including the military draft and issuing greenbacks; however, he supported the Union and prosecution of the war, consistently voting in favor of wartime appropriations.[2][36] Hendricks adamantly opposed Radical Reconstruction. After the war he argued that the Southern states had never been out of the Union and were therefore entitled to representation in the U.S. Congress. Hendricks also maintained that Congress had no authority over the affairs of state governments.[35] Hendricks voted against the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution that would, upon ratification, grant voting rights to males of all races and abolish slavery.[2] Hendricks felt it was not the right time, so soon after the Civil War, to make fundamental changes to the U.S. Constitution. Although Hendricks supported freedom for African Americans, stating, "He is free; now let him remain free,"[37] he unsuccessfully opposed reconstruction legislation.[2][38] Hendricks also opposed the attempt to remove President Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
from office following his impeachment in the U.S. House of Representatives.[2] Hendricks's views were often misinterpreted by his political opponents in Indiana.[36] When the Republicans regained a majority in the Indiana
Indiana
General Assembly in 1868, the same year Hendricks's U.S. Senate term expired, he lost reelection to a second term,[29] and was succeeded by Republican Congressman-elect Daniel D. Pratt, who resigned the U.S. House seat to which he had been elected in 1868 in order to accept the Senate seat.[citation needed] Governor of Indiana[edit] In 1872 Hendricks was elected as the governor of Indiana
Indiana
in his third bid for the office.[30][39] An indication of Hendricks's growing national popularity occurred during the presidential election of 1872; the Democrats nominated Horace Greeley, the Liberal Republican candidate. Greeley died soon after the election, but before the Electoral College cast its ballots; 42 of 63 Democratic electors previously pledged to Greeley voted for Hendricks. [40] Hendricks served as governor of Indiana
Indiana
from January 13, 1873 to January 8, 1877,[30] a difficult period of post-war economic depression following the financial Panic of 1873. Indiana
Indiana
experienced high unemployment, business failures, labor strikes, and falling farm prices. Hendricks twice called out the state militia to end workers' strikes, one by miners in Clay County, and one by railroad workers' in Logansport.[8] Although Hendricks succeeded in encouraging legislation enacting election and judiciary reform, the Republican-controlled legislature prevented him from achieving many of his other legislative goals.[41] In 1873 Hendricks signed the Baxter bill, a controversial piece of temperance legislation that established a strict form of local option, even though he personally had favored a licensing law. Hendricks signed the legislation because he thought the bill was constitutional and reflected the majority view of the Indiana
Indiana
General Assembly and the will of Indiana's citizens. The law proved to be unenforceable and was repealed in 1875; it was replaced by a licensing system that Hendricks had preferred.[29][40] One of Hendricks's lasting legacies during his tenure as governor began with discussion to fund construction of a new Indiana Statehouse. The existing structure, which had been in use since 1835, had become too small, forcing the growing state government to rent additional buildings around Indianapolis. Besides its size, the dilapidated capitol building was in need of major repair. The roof in the Hall of Representatives had collapsed in 1867 and public inspectors condemned the building in 1873. The cornerstone for the present-day state capital building was laid in 1880, after Hendricks left office, and he delivered the keynote speech at the ceremony.[42] The new statehouse was completed eight years later and remains in use as Indiana's state capitol building.[43] Vice presidential nominee[edit]

Campaign poster for the election of 1876.

Hendricks ran for vice president in 1876 and 1884; he won in 1884.[44] The Democrats also nominated Hendricks for the vice presidency in 1880, but he declined for health reasons.[1] In 1880, while on a visit to Hot Springs, Arkansas, Hendricks suffered a bout of paralysis, but returned to public life. No one outside of his family and doctors knew his health was failing. Two years later he was no longer able to stand.[45] In the disputed presidential election of 1876 Hendricks ran as the Democratic candidate for vice president with New York governor Samuel Tilden as the party's presidential nominee.[1] Hendricks did not attend the Democratic convention in Saint Louis, but the party was pursuing the strategy of carrying the Solid South
Solid South
along with New York and Indiana. The Indiana
Indiana
delegation urged Hendricks as the vice presidential nominee, and he was nominated unanimously.[46] Although they received the majority of the popular vote, Tilden and Hendricks lost the disputed election by one vote in Electoral College balloting to Rutherford B. Hayes, the Republican Party's presidential nominee, and William A. Wheeler, his vice presidential running mate.[46] A fifteen-member Electoral Commission that included five representatives each from the House, Senate, and U.S. Supreme Court determined the outcome of the contested electoral votes. In an 8 to 7 partisan vote, the commission awarded all twenty of the disputed votes from South Carolina, Louisiana, Florida, and Oregon
Oregon
to the Republican candidates.[47] Tilden and Hendricks accepted the decision, despite deep disappointment at the outcome.[47] As chairman of the Indiana
Indiana
delegation, Hendricks attended the Democratic Party's national convention in 1884 in Chicago, where he was again nominated as its vice presidential candidate by a unanimous vote.[48] Grover Cleveland
Grover Cleveland
was the party's presidential nominee in the 1884 presidential election; once again the Democrats' strategy was to win New York, Cleveland's home state, and Hendricks's home state of Indiana, plus the electoral votes of the Solid South. Democrats narrowly won New York, Indiana, and two more Northern states plus the Solid South
Solid South
to secure the election.[49] Vice President, 1885[edit] Hendricks, who had been in poor health for several years, served as vice president during the last eight months of his life, from his inauguration on March 4 until his death on November 25, 1885. The vice presidency remained vacant after Hendricks's death until Levi P. Morton assumed office in 1889.[4][47][50][51] On September 8, 1885, in Indianapolis, Hendricks made a controversial speech in support of Irish independence. Soon afterwards, Boston machine politician Martin Lomasney
Martin Lomasney
named the Hendricks Club after him.[52][53] Death and legacy[edit]

The tomb of Thomas Hendricks in Indianapolis, Indiana

Hendricks died unexpectedly on November 25, 1885, during a trip home to Indianapolis.[54][55] He complained of feeling ill the morning of November 24, went to bed early, and died in his sleep the following day.[51] Hendricks's funeral service at Saint Paul's Episcopal Cathedral in Indianapolis
Indianapolis
was a large one. Hundreds of dignitaries were in attendance, including President Grover Cleveland, and thousands of people gathered along the city's street to see the 2-kilometre (1.2 mi) long funeral cortege as it traveled from downtown Indianapolis
Indianapolis
to Crown Hill Cemetery, where his remains were interred.[56][57][58] Hendricks, a popular member of the Democratic Party, remained on good terms with both Democrats and Republicans. He was a fiscal conservative and a powerful orator who was known for his honesty and firm convictions.[33][59][60] Hendricks was one of four vice-presidential candidates from Indiana who were elected during the period 1868 to 1920, when Indiana's electoral votes were critical to winning a national election. (The three other men from Indiana
Indiana
who became U.S. vice presidents during this period were Schuyler Colfax, Charles W. Fairbanks, and Thomas R. Marshall.) Five other men from Indiana, George Washington Julian, Joseph Lane, Judge Samuel Williams, John W. Kern, and William Hayden English, lost their bids for the vice presidency during this time period.[61][62] Honors and tributes[edit]

Hendricks depicted on a Series 1908 $10 silver certificate.

Hendricks remains the only vice president who did not serve as president whose portrait appears on U.S. paper currency. An engraved portrait of Hendricks appears on the $10 "tombstone" silver certificate of 1886. The currency note's nickname is derived from the tombstone-shaped border outlining Hendricks's portrait.[63] The Bates-Hendricks House, where the family lived from 1865 to 1872, is located in Indianapolis
Indianapolis
at 1526 South New Jersey Street. The home was added to the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
on April 11, 1977.[16][17] Thomas A. Hendricks Library
Thomas A. Hendricks Library
(Hendricks Hall) at Hanover College, which overlooks the Ohio River
Ohio River
near Madison, Indiana, was built in 1903. Hendricks's widow, Eliza, provided funding for the project as a tribute to her late husband, an alumnus of the college. The library was added to the National Register on February 26, 1982.[64] Portraits of Thomas and Eliza Hendricks
Eliza Hendricks
hang in the library.[citation needed] The Thomas A. Hendricks Monument
Thomas A. Hendricks Monument
was installed on the southeast corner of state capitol building's grounds in 1890. At 11 feet (3.4 m) it is the tallest bronze statue on the statehouse grounds.[65][66]

Electoral history[edit]

Indiana
Indiana
gubernatorial election, 1872[29]

Party Candidate Votes %

Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks 189,242 50.1

Republican Thomas M. Browne 188,276 49.9

Indiana
Indiana
gubernatorial election, 1868[67]

Party Candidate Votes %

Republican Conrad Baker 171,575 50.1

Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks 170,614 49.9

Indiana
Indiana
gubernatorial election, 1860[68]

Party Candidate Votes %

Republican Henry S. Lane 139,675 51.8

Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks 129,968 48.2

See also[edit]

Indiana
Indiana
portal

List of Governors of Indiana Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
Monument Hendricks, West Virginia, named for him

Notes[edit]

^ a b c Gugin and St. Clair, p. 161. ^ a b c d e Gugin and St. Clair, p. 160. ^ a b Gray, p. 122. ^ a b "Biography of Thomas A Hendricks". HendricksMn.com. Archived from the original on October 30, 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-04.  ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 52. ^ Gray, p. 122, 123. ^ a b Gray, p. 123. ^ a b Gugin and St. Clair, p. 160–61. ^ Gray, p. 122–23. ^ Holcombe and Skinner, p. 74. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Gugin and St. Clair, p. 162. ^ a b Memorial, p. 16. ^ Gray, p. 124. ^ Holcombe and Skinner, p. 90. ^ Holcombe and Skinner, p. 92, 93. ^ a b "Bates-Hendricks House: Site Assessment". Indiana
Indiana
Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  See also: Lois Hagedorn (1975-04-29). " National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
Inventory Nomination Form: Bates-Hendricks House" (pdf). U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  In "SHAARD database" (Searchable database). Indiana
Indiana
Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Preservation and Archaeology. Retrieved 2016-04-01.  ^ a b "Bates-Hendricks House". Indiana
Indiana
Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 162, 164. ^ Holcombe and Skinner, p. 97, 99–100. ^ Holcombe and Skinner, p. 109–12. ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 160, 164. ^ a b c d Memorial, p. 21. ^ Gray, p. 127. ^ a b c Gray, p. 127–28. ^ C. Albert White, Bureau of Land Management. A History of the Rectangular Survey System. Government Printing Office. p. 119.  ^ a b c Gray, p. 128–29. ^ Memorial, p. 23, 24. ^ a b c Gray, p. 134. ^ a b c d e f g Gugin and St. Clair, p. 163. ^ a b c Memorial, p. 24. ^ a b c Gray, p. 125. ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 162, 163. ^ a b Gugin and St. Clair, p. 164. ^ Gray, p. 130, 131. ^ a b Memorial, p. 22. ^ a b Gray, p. 130. ^ Gray, p. 132. ^ Thornbrough, p. 226–27. ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 163, 164. ^ a b Gray, p. 135. ^ Holcombe and Skinner, p. 308–09. ^ Gugin & St. Clair, p. 164. ^ Gray, p. 136. ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 164–65. ^ Memorial, pp. 28, 70. ^ a b Gray, p. 137. ^ a b c Gray, p. 138. ^ Gray, p. 119, 120. ^ Gray, p. 120, 121. ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 161, 164–65. ^ a b Holcombe and Skinner, p. 388–90. ^ Van Nostrand 1948, p. 442. ^ Holcombe 1886, pp. 633-637. ^ Gray, p. 122, 138. ^ Memorial, p. 6. ^ Holcombe and Skinner, p. 390–403. ^ Memorial, p. 31. ^ During the last two years of his life, as his health was failing, Hendricks made plans for his eventual death and selected a burial site and monument. In the 1880s he had the remains of his only child, Morgan, who had died thirty years earlier and was buried at Shelbyville, moved to the Hendricks burial site in Indianapolis. Morgan Hendricks is buried next to the monument that marks his father's grave. See Memorial Address on the Life and Character of Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
(Vice-President of the United States), pp. 30–31, and Gray, p. 124. ^ Gray, p. 139. ^ Memorial, p. 25. ^ Gray, p. ix–xi; xiii–xvii. ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 165. ^ The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. "Metal Standards: Silver Certificates". The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Retrieved 2013-05-23.  ^ " Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
Library: Site Assessment". Indiana
Indiana
Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  See also: Suzanne Jane McFall (1979-11-29). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
Library" (pdf). U.S. Department of the Interior, Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  In "SHAARD database" (Searchable database). Indiana
Indiana
Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Preservation and Archaeology. Retrieved 2016-04-01.  ^ Madison, p. 166. ^ Greif, p. 164–65. ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 158. ^ Gugin and St. Clair, p. 137.

References[edit]

"Bates-Hendricks House". Indiana
Indiana
Historical Bureau. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  "Bates-Hendricks House: Site Assessment". Indiana
Indiana
Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  "Biography of Thomas A Hendricks". HendricksMn.com. Archived from the original on 2006-10-30. Retrieved 2007-01-04.  Gray, Ralph, ed. (1977). "Thomas A. Hendricks: Spokesman for the Democracy". Gentlemen from Indiana: National Party Candidates, 1836-1940. Indianapolis: Indiana
Indiana
Historical Bureau. 50: 117–139.  Greiff, Glory-June (2005). Remembrance, Faith & Fancy: Outdoor Public Sculpture in Indiana. Indianapolis: Indiana
Indiana
Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87195-180-0.  Gugin, Linda C.; St. Clair, James E., eds. (2006). The Governors of Indiana. Indianapolis: Indiana
Indiana
Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87195-196-7.  Hagedorn, Lois (1975-04-29). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Bates-Hendricks House" (pdf). U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  "Hendricks, Thomas Andrew, (1819 – 1885)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved 2013-05-24.  Holcombe, John W.; Skinner, Hubert M. (1886). Life and Public Services of Thomas A. Hendricks. Indianapolis: Carlon and Hollenbeck.  (copy) Madison, James H. (2014). Hoosiers: A New History of Indiana. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana
Indiana
University Press and the Indiana Historical Society Press. ISBN 978-0-253-01308-8.  McFall, Suzanne Jane (1979-11-29). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
Library" (pdf). U.S. Department of the Interior, Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of Thomas A. Hendricks (Vice-President of the United States): Delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives, Forty-ninth Congress, First Session. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1886.  "Metal Standards: Silver Certificates". The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Retrieved 2013-05-23.  " Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
Library: Site Assessment". Indiana
Indiana
Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  Thornbrough, Emma Lou (1995). Indiana
Indiana
in the Civil War Era, 1850–1880. The History of Indiana. III. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society. ISBN 0871950502.  Van Nostrand, Albert D. (December 1948). "The Lomasney Legend". The New England Quarterly. 21 (4): 435–458. JSTOR 361565.  White, C. Albert. A History of the Rectangular Survey System. Bureau of Land Management, Government Printing Office. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thomas Hendricks.

United States Congress. " Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
(id: H000493)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.  "Thomas A. Hendricks: “The Constitution as it is, the Union as it was”, Indiana
Indiana
Historical Bureau Hendricks biography and portrait, Indiana
Indiana
Historical Bureau Hendricks biography, Biographical Dictionary of Congress Hendricks obituaries, Indiana
Indiana
Historic Newspaper Digitization Project

Offices and distinctions

Political offices

Preceded by Chester A. Arthur Vice President of the United States March 4 – November 25, 1885 Succeeded by Levi P. Morton

Preceded by Conrad Baker Governor of Indiana January 13, 1873 – January 8, 1877 Succeeded by James D. Williams

U.S. Senate

Preceded by David Turpie U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Indiana March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1869 Served alongside: Henry S. Lane, Oliver P. Morton Succeeded by Daniel D. Pratt

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Willis A. Gorman Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 6th congressional district March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855 Succeeded by Lucien Barbour

Preceded by William J. Brown Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 5th congressional district March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853 Succeeded by Samuel W. Parker

Party political offices

Preceded by William H. English Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States 1884 Succeeded by Allen G. Thurman

Preceded by B. Gratz Brown Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States 1876 Succeeded by William H. English

Government offices

Preceded by John Wilson Commissioner of the General Land Office 1855–1859 Succeeded by Samuel Axley Smith

Articles and topics related to Thomas A. Hendricks

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Vice Presidents of the United States (list)

John Adams
John Adams
(1789–1797) Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
(1797–1801) Aaron Burr
Aaron Burr
(1801–1805) George Clinton (1805–1812) Elbridge Gerry
Elbridge Gerry
(1813–1814) Daniel D. Tompkins
Daniel D. Tompkins
(1817–1825) John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun
(1825–1832) Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
(1833–1837) Richard M. Johnson (1837–1841) John Tyler
John Tyler
(1841) George M. Dallas
George M. Dallas
(1845–1849) Millard Fillmore
Millard Fillmore
(1849–1850) William R. King
William R. King
(1853) John C. Breckinridge
John C. Breckinridge
(1857–1861) Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
(1861–1865) Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
(1865) Schuyler Colfax
Schuyler Colfax
(1869–1873) Henry Wilson
Henry Wilson
(1873–1875) William A. Wheeler
William A. Wheeler
(1877–1881) Chester A. Arthur
Chester A. Arthur
(1881) Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
(1885) Levi P. Morton
Levi P. Morton
(1889–1893) Adlai Stevenson (1893–1897) Garret Hobart
Garret Hobart
(1897–1899) Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
(1901) Charles W. Fairbanks
Charles W. Fairbanks
(1905–1909) James S. Sherman
James S. Sherman
(1909–1912) Thomas R. Marshall
Thomas R. Marshall
(1913–1921) Calvin Coolidge
Calvin Coolidge
(1921–1923) Charles G. Dawes
Charles G. Dawes
(1925–1929) Charles Curtis
Charles Curtis
(1929–1933) John Nance Garner
John Nance Garner
(1933–1941) Henry A. Wallace
Henry A. Wallace
(1941–1945) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1945) Alben W. Barkley
Alben W. Barkley
(1949–1953) Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1953–1961) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1961–1963) Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
(1965–1969) Spiro Agnew
Spiro Agnew
(1969–1973) Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
(1973–1974) Nelson Rockefeller
Nelson Rockefeller
(1974–1977) Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
(1977–1981) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1981–1989) Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
(1989–1993) Al Gore
Al Gore
(1993–2001) Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
(2001–2009) Joe Biden
Joe Biden
(2009–2017) Mike Pence
Mike Pence
(2017–present)

List Category

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Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana

1st district

Prince Call Boon Blake Boon Proffit Owen Embree Albertson Lockhart Miller Lockhart Niblack Law Niblack Fuller Heilman Kleiner Hovey Posey Parrett Taylor Hemenway Foster Boehne Sr. Lieb Denton Luhring W. Wilson Rowbottom Boehne Jr. Schulte Madden Benjamin Hall Visclosky

2nd district

Jennings Carr Ewing J. W. Davis Ewing J. W. Davis Thompson Henley Dunham English Cravens Kerr Wolfe Williams Humphreys Cobb O'Neall Bretz Hardy Miers Chaney Cullop Bland Greenwood Durgan Halleck Landgrebe Fithian Sharp McIntosh Pence Chocola Donnelly Walorski

3rd district

Test O. Smith Test Carty Carr Graham Carr J. L. White T. Smith Robinson Dunham Dunn Hughes Dunn Harrington R. Hill Hunter Holman Kerr Carr Bicknell Stockslager Howard Brown Tracewell Zenor Cox Dunbar Gardner Dunbar Crowe Pettengill Grant Crook Crumpacker Nimtz Brademas Hiler Roemer Souder Stutzman Banks

4th district

Lane Dunn T. Smith Cravens C. Smith Julian Parker Lane Cumback Foley Holman Farquhar Holman Julian Je. Wilson New Sexton New Holman Watson Holman Griffith Dixon Benham Canfield Farley Gillie Kruse Adair Roush Quayle Coats Long Souder Buyer Rokita

5th district

McCarty Rariden Kennedy Brown Wick Brown Hendricks Parker Holloway Kilgore Julian Coburn Holman Browne Matson Cooper Overstreet Faris Holliday Moss Sanders N. Johnson Gillen Griswold Harness Walsh Beamer Roush Roudebush Hillis Jontz Buyer Burton Brooks

6th district

Kinnard Herod Wick Wallace J. W. Davis Dunn Gorman Hendricks Barbour Gregg Porter Dumont Coburn Voorhees Hunter Robinson Myers Browne H. Johnson Watson Barnard Gray Comstock Elliott Larrabee Jenckes N. Johnson Harden Wampler Roudebush Bray Evans Burton Pence Messer

7th district

Hannegan A. White Howard Lane Wright McGaughey Thompson McGaughey J. G. Davis Scott J. G. Davis Voorhees Washburn Orth Manson Cason Landers Hanna Matyr Peelle English Bynum Henry Overstreet Korbly Moores Updike Ludlow Greenwood Landis Noland Bray Myers Pease Kerns J. Carson A. Carson

8th district

Pettit McDonald Mace Ja. Wilson A. White Orth Tyner Hunter Hostetler Peirce Lamb Johnston Brookshire Faris Henry Cromer Adair Vestal Boehne Jr. La Follette Mitchell Denton Merrill Denton Zion Hayes Cornwell Deckard McCloskey Hostettler Ellsworth Bucshon

9th district

Sample Cathcart Fitch Eddy Shanks Cason M. White Orth Doxey Ward Cheadle Waugh Hanly Landis Morrison Purnell Crowe E. Wilson Hogan E. Wilson Hamilton B. Hill Sodrel B. Hill Young Hollingsworth

10th district

Kennedy Rockhill Harlan Brenton Chamberlain Case Mitchell Edgerton Defrees Williams Sayler Haymond Calkins Motte T. Wood Owen Patton Hammond Hatch Crumpacker Peterson W. Wood Gray Springer Harvey Harmon Harvey Roudebush Dennis Sharp Jacobs Jr. J. Carson

11th district

Harlan Pettit Shanks McDowell Stilwell Shanks Packard Evans Cowgill Steele Martin Steele Landis Rauch Kraus Cook Hall Griswold Larrabee Ludlow Jacobs Sr. Brownson Barr Bruce Jacobs Jr. Hudnut Jacobs Jr.

12th district

Hamilton Colerick Lowry J. B. White McClellan McNagny Leighty Robinson Gilbert Gilhams Cline Fairfield Hogg Ludlow

13th district

Baker Calkins Shively Ford Shively Conn Royse Brick Barnhart Hickey Pettengill

At-large

Hendricks Jennings Packard / Orth / Williams

Territory

Parke Thomas Jennings

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United States Democratic Party

Chairpersons of the DNC

Hallett McLane Smalley Belmont Schell Hewitt Barnum Brice Harrity Jones Taggart Mack McCombs McCormick Cummings White Hull Shaver Raskob Farley Flynn Walker Hannegan McGrath Boyle McKinney Mitchell Butler Jackson Bailey O'Brien Harris O'Brien Westwood Strauss Curtis White Manatt Kirk Brown Wilhelm DeLee Dodd/Fowler Romer/Grossman Rendell/Andrew McAuliffe Dean Kaine Wasserman Schultz Perez

Presidential tickets

Jackson/Calhoun Jackson/Van Buren Van Buren/R. Johnson Van Buren/None Polk/Dallas Cass/Butler Pierce/King Buchanan/Breckinridge Douglas/H. Johnson (Breckinridge/Lane, SD) McClellan/Pendleton Seymour/Blair Greeley/Brown Tilden/Hendricks Hancock/English Cleveland/Hendricks Cleveland/Thurman Cleveland/Stevenson I W. Bryan/Sewall W. Bryan/Stevenson I Parker/H. Davis W. Bryan/Kern Wilson/Marshall (twice) Cox/Roosevelt J. Davis/C. Bryan Smith/Robinson Roosevelt/Garner (twice) Roosevelt/Wallace Roosevelt/Truman Truman/Barkley Stevenson II/Sparkman Stevenson II/Kefauver Kennedy/L. Johnson L. Johnson/Humphrey Humphrey/Muskie McGovern/(Eagleton, Shriver) Carter/Mondale (twice) Mondale/Ferraro Dukakis/Bentsen B. Clinton/Gore (twice) Gore/Lieberman Kerry/Edwards Obama/Biden (twice) H. Clinton/Kaine

State/ Territorial Parties

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Conventions

(List)

1832 (Baltimore) 1835 (Baltimore) 1840 (Baltimore) 1844 (Baltimore) 1848 (Baltimore) 1852 (Baltimore) 1856 (Cincinnati) 1860 (Baltimore) 1864 (Chicago) 1868 (New York) 1872 (Baltimore) 1876 (Saint Louis) 1880 (Cincinnati) 1884 (Chicago) 1888 (Saint Louis) 1892 (Chicago) 1896 (Chicago) 1900 (Kansas City) 1904 (Saint Louis) 1908 (Denver) 1912 (Baltimore) 1916 (Saint Louis) 1920 (San Francisco) 1924 (New York) 1928 (Houston) 1932 (Chicago) 1936 (Philadelphia) 1940 (Chicago) 1944 (Chicago) 1948 (Philadelphia) 1952 (Chicago) 1956 (Chicago) 1960 (Los Angeles) 1964 (Atlantic City) 1968 (Chicago) 1972 (Miami Beach) 1976 (New York) 1980 (New York) 1984 (San Francisco) 1988 (Atlanta) 1992 (New York) 1996 (Chicago) 2000 (Los Angeles) 2004 (Boston) 2008 (Denver) 2012 (Charlotte) 2016 (Philadelphia)

Affiliated groups

Fundraising

Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Democratic Governors Association Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee National Conference of Democratic Mayors

Sectional

College Democrats of America Democrats Abroad National Federation of Democratic Women Stonewall Democrats

Stonewall Young Democrats

Young Democrats of America High School Democrats of America

Related articles

History Primaries Debates Party factions Superdelegate 2005 chairmanship election 2017 chairmanship election

Liberalism portal

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Governors of Indiana

Territorial (1800–16)

Harrison Gibson (acting) Posey

State (since 1816)

Jennings Boon W. Hendricks Ray Noble Wallace Bigger J. Whitcomb Dunning Wright Willard Hammond Lane Morton Baker T. Hendricks Williams Gray Porter Gray Hovey Chase Matthews Mount Durbin Hanly Marshall Ralston Goodrich McCray Branch Jackson Leslie McNutt Townsend Schricker Gates Schricker Craig Handley Welsh Branigin E. Whitcomb Bowen Orr Bayh O'Bannon Kernan Daniels Pence Holcomb

See also: Governor of Indiana

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United States Senators from Indiana

Class 1

Noble Hanna Tipton White Bright Wright Turpie T. Hendricks Pratt McDonald Harrison Turpie Beveridge Kern New Ralston Robinson Minton Willis Jenner Hartke Lugar Donnelly

Class 3

Taylor W. Hendricks Smith Hannegan Whitcomb Cathcart Pettit Fitch Lane Morton Voorhees Fairbanks Hemenway Shively Taggart Watson Van Nuys Jackson Jenner Capehart Bayh II Quayle Coats Bayh III Coats Young

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Commissioners of the General Land Office

 

Edward Tiffin Josiah Meigs John McLean George Graham Elijah Hayward Ethan Allen Brown James Whitcomb Elisha M. Huntington Thomas H. Blake James Shields Richard M. Young Justin Butterfield John Wilson Thomas A. Hendricks Samuel Axley Smith Joseph S. Wilson James M. Edmunds Joseph S. Wilson Willis Drummond Samuel S. Burdett James A. Williamson Noah C. McFarland William A. J. Sparks Strother M. Stockslager Lewis A. Groff Thomas H. Carter William M. Stone Silas W. Lamoreux Binger Hermann William A. Richards Richard A. Ballinger Fred Dennett Clay Tallman William Spry Charles C. Moore Fred W. Johnson

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History of Indiana

Early history

Clovis Adena Hopewell Mississippian Beaver Wars European contact La Salle Expeditions French Rule

1700–1799

Vincennes Fort Miamis Ouiatenon French and Indian War British Rule Pontiac's War American Revolution George Rogers Clark Illinois campaign Clark's Grant Northwest Territory Northwest Indian War Petit Fort

1800–1816

Indiana
Indiana
Territory Buffalo Trace Treaty of Vincennes Johnny Appleseed Treaty of Grouseland Indiana
Indiana
Rangers Tecumseh's War Battle of Tippecanoe War of 1812 Abolitionist movement Harmony 1st Indiana
Indiana
Canal Company Constitutional Convention

1817–1899

Statehood Polly v. Lasselle Treaty of St. Mary's Indian Removals Fall Creek massacre Bank of Indiana 2nd Indiana
Indiana
Canal Company Whitewater Canal Wabash and Erie Canal Public Works and Bankruptcy Underground Railroad Mexican-American War New Constitution Civil War Golden Age Eli Lilly & Company Reno Gang Gas boom Black Day of the General Assembly Indiana
Indiana
Pi Bill Golden Age of Literature

1900–1999

White Caps Elwood Haynes Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Motor Speedway World War I Indianapolis
Indianapolis
strike and riots Samuel Woodfill Indiana
Indiana
Klan Great Depression John Dillinger World War II Freeman Field Mutiny Shipp & Smith lynchings Flood of 1937 Supreme Court Reorganization

Since 2000

Flood of 2008

By topic

Auto Racing Battles Disasters Economy Elections General Assembly Governors Historic Sites People Historical Political Strength Native Americans Slavery

By city and locale

Evansville Fort Wayne Gary Hartford City Indianapolis Lafayette Lake Wawasee South Bend Terre Haute

See also: History of the United States, History of the Midwestern United States and Portal:Indiana WikiProject Indiana's History Department

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(1864 ←) United States presidential election, 1868
United States presidential election, 1868
(1872 →)

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

Horatio Seymour

VP nominee

Francis P. Blair Jr.

Candidates

George H. Pendleton Thomas A. Hendricks Winfield S. Hancock Andrew Johnson Sanford E. Church Asa Packer James E. English Joel Parker James R. Doolittle Stephen J. Field Francis P. Blair Jr. Salmon P. Chase John T. Hoffman

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

Ulysses S. Grant

VP nominee

Schuyler Colfax

Other 1868 elections: House Senate

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(1872 ←) United States presidential election, 1876
United States presidential election, 1876
(1880 →)

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

Rutherford B. Hayes

VP nominee

William A. Wheeler

Candidates

James G. Blaine Benjamin Bristow Oliver P. Morton Roscoe Conkling John F. Hartranft Marshall Jewell Elihu B. Washburne William A. Wheeler Ulysses S. Grant

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

Samuel J. Tilden

VP nominee

Thomas A. Hendricks

Candidates

Thomas A. Hendricks Winfield S. Hancock William Allen Thomas F. Bayard Joel Parker

Third party and independent candidates

Greenback Party

Nominee

Peter Cooper

VP nominee

Samuel F. Cary

Candidates

Andrew Curtin William Allen

Prohibition Party

Nominee

Green C. Smith

VP nominee

Gideon T. Stewart

American Party

Nominee

James Walker

VP nominee

Donald Kirkpatrick

See also: Electoral Commission Other 1876 elections: House Senate

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(1876 ←) United States presidential election, 1880
United States presidential election, 1880
(1884 →)

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

James A. Garfield

VP nominee

Chester A. Arthur

Candidates

Ulysses S. Grant James G. Blaine John Sherman George F. Edmunds Elihu B. Washburne William Windom

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

Winfield S. Hancock

VP nominee

William H. English

Candidates

Thomas F. Bayard Samuel J. Randall Henry B. Payne Samuel J. Tilden Allen G. Thurman Stephen J. Field William R. Morrison Thomas A. Hendricks

Third party and independent candidates

Greenback Party Convention

Nominee

James B. Weaver

VP nominee

Barzillai J. Chambers

Candidates

Hendrick B. Wright Stephen D. Dillaye Benjamin Butler Solon Chase Edward P. Allis Alexander Campbell Thompson H. Murch

Prohibition Party

Nominee

Neal Dow

VP nominee

Henry A. Thompson

American Party

Nominee

John W. Phelps

VP nominee

Samuel C. Pomeroy

Other 1880 elections: House Senate

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(1880 ←) United States presidential election, 1884
United States presidential election, 1884
(1888 →)

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

James G. Blaine

VP nominee

John A. Logan

Candidates

Chester A. Arthur George F. Edmunds John A. Logan John Sherman Joseph R. Hawley William T. Sherman Philip Sheridan Robert T. Lincoln

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

Grover Cleveland

VP nominee

Thomas A. Hendricks

Candidates

Thomas F. Bayard Thomas A. Hendricks Allen G. Thurman Samuel J. Randall Joseph E. McDonald

Third party and independent candidates

Greenback/Anti-Monopoly

Nominee

Benjamin Butler

VP nominee

Absolom M. West

Candidates

Allen G. Thurman James B. Weaver Jesse Harper

Prohibition Party

Nominee

John St. John

VP nominee

William Daniel

National Equal Rights Party

Nominee

Belva Ann Lockwood

VP nominee

Marietta Stow

Other 1884 elections: House Senate

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 236419047 LCCN: n88070847 GND: 1053130007 US Congress: H000493 SN

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