The Info List - Thiruvarangam

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Srirangam (Thiruvarangam in Tamil) is an island and a part of the city of Tiruchirappalli, in South India. Srirangam is bounded by the Kaveri River (also known as Cauvery river) on one side, and the Kaveri distributary Kollidam (Coleroon) on the other side. Srirangam is home to a significant population of Srivaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu).


1 Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple 2 History 3 Economy 4 Schools 5 Transport

5.1 Air 5.2 Rail 5.3 Bus

6 Climate 7 Politics 8 References 9 External links

Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple[edit]

The main gopuram of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam

White Gopuram at Srirangam Temple

Srirangam is famous for its Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus (especially Srivaishnavites) and the largest temple complex in India. According to the temple's website, Srirangam can be considered the biggest functioning Hindu temple in the world, as it covers an area of about 631,000 square metres (6,790,000 sq ft) with a perimeter of 4 km (10,710 ft).[1] Angkor Wat is bigger but non-functioning. Srirangam among a few "self-manifested" shrines (Swayam Vyakta Kshetras) of Lord Vishnu. The temple complex is enormous and spans 156 acres (0.63 km2). It has seven prakaras or enclosures. These enclosures are formed by thick and huge rampart walls which run round the sanctum. There are 21 magnificent towers in all prakaras providing a unique sight to any visitor. The temple town lies on an islet formed by the twin rivers Cauvery and Coleroon. The Srirangam temple complex is composed of 7 concentric walled sections and 21 towers gopuram.[2] The southern gopuram of the temple, called the Rajagopuram, is 239.5 feet tall and, as of 2016, is the tallest in Asia. The construction of this Rajagopuram was begun during the reign of Achyuta Deva Raya of the Vijayanagara empire. However, construction was halted after his death and the structure of the rajagopuram remained incomplete for 400 years. The monumental task of completion of the rajagopuram was undertaken and completed successfully by Sri Vedanta Desika Yatheendra Mahadesikan, the 44th jeeyar of Sri Ahobila Matha. The construction was completed in a span of 8 years. The Rajagopuram was consecrated on 25 March 1987. The temple has seven prakaras (elevated enclosures) with gopurams articulating the axial path, the highest at the outermost prakara and the lowest at the innermost. In historic times, just after the construction of this temple, the city of Srirangam lived completely within the walls of this temple and hence is quoted as an example of Hindu religious utopia – during its peak of existence. The Srirangam temple is one of the three temples of the God Ranganatha that are situated in the natural islands formed in the Kaveri river. They are:

Adi Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangapattana Madhya Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Shivanasamudra Antya Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam

There is a gopuram fully made of gold, which is protected by an electrical fence. Clothes such as Silk Sarees, Dhoti, Towels, etc.., used for religious purposes are auctioned here. Inside the temple complex, there is a separate temple dedicated to the goddess Andal. Additionally, there is a museum, a library and a bookshop. History[edit] Lord Rama performed aradhanam (pooja) to Vishnu's idol (deity in a reclining posture). As a symbol of love he gifted the idol to Vibishana (brother of Ravana of the Hindu epic Ramayana) to take back with him to Lanka. There was a condition that he could not set the idol on earth and if he did it would seat itself permanently. Vibishana took this idol and while travelling towards Lanka, came upon the banks of the river Kaveri. He placed the idol on banks of river Kaveri, while an utsavam was in progress. When the utsavam got over, the Lord refused to move as he loved the place (Srirangam). When Vibhishana requested him to come along with him, the lord refused but promised to bless Vibhishana by always facing South (the direction of Lanka, home to Vibhishana) Hence it is that the deity (in a reclining posture) faces South. Then Chola kings Dharmavarcholan and Killivalavan developed the shrine into the big temple seen now. They built the basic foundations and main buildings. Srirangam's History got important during the invasion of some jealous Muslim emperors (1310–1311) Srirangam was captured and the riches were looted. The invaders did not want to accept the rituals of Hinduism. They took away the idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal and plundered the treasures, jewels and ornaments which belonged to Srirangam temple. The temple idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal was sent to Delhi. In Delhi, the idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal was taken care of like a devoted mother by the daughter of the Sultan. At the very moment she saw the idol, she fell in love with the deity. She spent all her time with the idol. The Sultan surrendered the statue of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal back to Ramanujacharya. The Daughter of Sultan could not bear this. She is said to have disappeared mysteriously. She now has a separate shrine near the Sriranganatha temple and people worship her. She is called "Thulukka Nachiyar". Even after this incident Srirangam was often attacked and ransacked by various mughal emperors. After the rise of Vijayanagara Kingdom the atrocities of the Mughal Sultans came to an end. King of Vijaya Nagar "Krishna Deva Raya" realized the importance of this sacred city and prioritized Srirangam as equal as Thirupathi and bequeathed a plenty of treasures, jewels and lands to the Srirangam temple. During his period the Srirangam temple was well reformed and many plans were executed for the growth and people welfare and so Srirangam got developed rapidly. Economy[edit] Due to the famous temple, Srirangam has a thriving economy based on tourism. Devotees come from all parts of India and abroad. The number of devotees to the town increases greatly during the festivals like Vaikunta Ekadashi which falls on the Tamil month of Marghazi (Margashirsha). Thiruvarangam is one of the few temples which is always being crowded by devotees. There are many other famous temples near Srirangam. They include Rockfort temple, Samayapuram Mariamman temple, Tiruvaanaikovil temple, Vayalur Murugan temple, Uraiyur Vekkali Amman temple, Kattu Azhagiya singer temple etc.[3] In addition along the banks of Kaveri in areas near Srirangam and Tiruchirappalli there are other famous temples of Lord Vishnu most of which house the reclining form of him, namely the Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple (Thiru Anbil) and housing the deity Appala Ranganathar, also called the Appukudaththan Temple at Koviladi. Another temple of Lord Vishnu is at Tiruchirappalli itself, the Azhagiya Nambi Temple at Woraiyur which is part of the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam. Srirangam town is also home to several hundred people who work in offices and industries located in Tiruchirappalli. The public transport linking Srirangam to Tiruchirappalli (route #1) is very frequent. Schools[edit] There are numerous schools, both private and public, in the town. The Higher Secondary School for Boys was founded in 1896 and is the oldest one in the town. There is also a Higher Secondary School for girls which is almost as old as that of the boys. Srimad Andavan College, Chinmaya Vidyalaya Matric. School, Sri Akilandeswari Vidyalaya, Sri Ranga Matriculation School, Sri Vaijayanthi Vidhyalaya, Srivageesha vidhyashram etc., are other institutions in Srirangam. Most of the schools have English as a medium of instruction. Some have Tamil as a medium of instruction, and some have both. There are many school children who travel to nearby Trichy also. Transport[edit] Air[edit]

Srirangam as seen from the air

The nearest airport is Tiruchirappalli International Airport. Trichy Airport has connections to Chennai, Singapore, Dubai, Sharjah, Colombo, Kuala Lumpur. Rail[edit] Srirangam has a railway station that can be reached from Chennai through any of the major trains travelling in the Chennai-Kanyakumari railway track and the approximate journey time from Chennai is about 5 hours and 10 minutes (320 km). Only selected trains stops at Srirangam and rest at Tiruchirappalli junction. The Tiruchirappalli fort and Trichy junction which are the distance of 2 km and 8 km serves as connection point to many destinations in southern India, such as Thanjavur, Thiruvananthapuram, Chidambaram, Madurai, Tirupathi, Tuticorin, Tenkasi, Quilon, Rameswaram, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Mysore, Kochi, Kanyakumari and Mangalore. It also connects to western part of Indian cities like Pune, Surat, Ahmedabad, some northern Indian cities like Jodhpur, Bikaner, New Delhi, Jammu. Bus[edit]

Bridge Connecting Trichy and Srirangam across Kaveri River

Trichy Central bus stand has direct services to most parts of Tamil Nadu. From the bus stand, tourists can avail local buses, taxi, auto rickshaw to reach Srirangam. City Bus service to all places of tourist interest from Central Bus Stand and from Chinthamani -Main Guard Gate Bus Stand (Both in Trichy). Tourist Taxis andAuto Rickshaws are also available at reasonable rates. Route No. 1 of the City bus service runs between Srirangam and Central Bus stand. This route starts from Trichy Central Bus Stand and goes via Trichy Junction Railway Station, Palakkarai Rettai pillaiyar Kovil street, Main Guard Gate, Chatram Bus Stand, Cauvery River Bridge, Mambazha salai, Thiruvanaikkovil and ends at Srirangam Bus Stand near the Srirangam Therkku vaasal (South entrance to the temple). There is a bus for every 5 minutes and the bus service is round the clock. Buses TNSTC are originating from Srirangam to various places like Trivandrum, Chennai, Madurai, Kodaikanal, etc.[4][5][6] Climate[edit] The climate of Trichy (and Srirangam) is Tropical. Average Temperature Range (°C): Summer- Max. 37.1 °C (98.8 °F) Min. 26.4 °C (79.5 °F); Winter- Max. 31.3 °C (88.3 °F) Min. 20.6 °C (69.1 °F); Rainfall: 835 millimetres (32.9 in) Politics[edit] Srirangam assembly constituency is part of Tiruchirappalli (Lok Sabha constituency).The former chief minister of the state Jayalalithaa represented this constituency.[7] References[edit]

^ "Welcome to Sri Ranganathar Swamy Temple". srirangam.org.  ^ India By Sarina Singh, Joe Bindloss, Paul Clammer, Janine Eberle ^ Kattu Azhagiya Singa Perumal Temple, Sri Rangam, Trichy – Find My Temple – Temples of Tamil Nadu – Thanjavur, Madurai, Thiruvannamalai, Palani, Kumbakonam ^ "Srirangam Info Exclusively". Srirangam's Complete Information.  ^ "List of new routes added by SETC – Part II". tnstc.wordpress.com. 17 October 2012.  ^ "TNSTC Bus Timings from Srirangam". tnstc.wordpress.com. 24 May 2015.  ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Srirangam.

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Early Cholas Kalabhras Pallavas Medieval Cholas Later Cholas Later Pandyas Invasion of Malik Kafur Madurai Sultanate Vijayanagar Empire Madurai Nayaks Siege of Trichinopoly (1741) Siege of Trichinopoly (1743) Second Carnatic War (Siege of Trichinopoly (1751–1752) Battle of Golden Rock Battle of Seringham 1928 South Indian Railway Strike World War I Memorial

Geography and Architecture

Geography of Tiruchirappalli Chokkanatha Nayak Palace Grand Anaicut Srirangam Island Trichinopoly Group Upper Anaicut


Abhishekapuram Ariyamangalam Golden Rock Srirangam

Neighbourhoods and suburbs

Abhishekapuram Alathur Anna Nagar Arasangudy Ariyamangalam Asur Beema Nagar Bikshandarkoil Cantonment Chintamani Crawford Devadhanam Dheeran Nagar Edamalaipatti Pudur Elandapatti Ellakudy Gitapuram Golden Rock Irungalur Kailasapuram Kallakuzhi Kambarasampettai Kandalur Karumandapam Kaveri Nagar Khajamalai Kilakalkandarkottai Kilamullakudy Kiliyur Koothappar Krishnasamudram Kumaravayalur Kumbakudy Kuvalakkudy K. K. Nagar Mambazha Salai Manachanallur Mannarpuram Melur Natarajapuram Navalpattu Palakkarai Panayakurichy Panjapur Pappankurichi Pathalapattai Ponnagar Piratiyur Puthur Raghavendrapuram Samayapuram Sangiliyandapuram Senthaneerpuram Singarathope Srinivasa Nagar Srirangam Tennur Teppakulam Tharanallur Thillai Nagar Thiruvalarsolai Thiruvanaikaval Thiruverumbur Thuvakudi Tollgate Uraiyur Uttamar Kovil Uyyakondan Thirumalai Varahaneri



Chatram Bus Stand Central Bus Stand


Tiruchirappalli railway division (List of Railway stations) Tiruchirappalli Monorail (Proposed)


Tiruchirappalli Airport

Educational institutions

Anna University Chennai – Regional Office, Tiruchirappalli Bharathidasan Institute of Management Bishop Heber College Government College of Engineering, Srirangam Government Law College, Tiruchirapalli Indian Institute of Information Technology Tiruchirappalli Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli Jamal Mohamed College J. J. College of Engineering and Technology Mookambigai College of Engineering National College, Tiruchirapalli National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli Tamil Nadu National Law School


Ponmalai railway hospital

Places of worship


Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam Samayapuram Mariamman Temple Thayumanavar Temple, Rockfort Rockfort Ucchi Pillayar Temple Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple Uthamar Kovil Subramaniya Swamy Temple, Kumaravayalur Erumbeeswarar Temple, Thiruverumbur Vekkali Amman Temple Panchavarnaswamy Temple Nandrudayan Vinayaka Temple Kattu Narasimhaperumal Temple, Srirangam


Basilica of the Holy Redeemer Christ Church Our Lady of Lourdes Church


Nadirshah Mosque


Anna Stadium Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium


Aadi Perukku Carnatic music Gem cutting Jallikattu Poochoriyal Samayapuram float festival Trichinopoly cigar Vaikunta Ekadashi Central Tamil


BHEL Gandhi Market Golden Rock Railway Workshop Golden Rock Shandy Heavy Alloy Penetrator Project OFT Swamy Jewellery


Legislative Assembly constituencies

Srirangam Thiruverumbur Tiruchirappalli East Tiruchirappalli West

Lok Sabha constituencies


Other topics: List of people from Tiruchirappalli

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Tiruchirappalli district

District Headquarters





Tamil Nadu


Chola Nadu


Lalgudi Musiri Tiruchirappalli Srirangam


Lalgudi Manachanallur Manapparai Marungapuri Musiri Thottiyam Thuraiyur Srirangam Thiruverumbur Tiruchirappalli West Tiruchirappalli East

Revenue Blocks

Andanallur Lalgudi Manachanallur Manapparai Manikandam Marungapuri Musiri Tattayyangarpettai Thiruverumbur Thottiyam Thuriayur Uppiliyapuram Vaiyampatti

Municipal Corporations



Manapparai Thuraiyur Thuvakudi


Kaveri Kollidam


Early Cholas Kalabhras Pallavas Medieval Cholas Later Cholas Later Pandyas Delhi Sultanate Madurai Sultanate Vijayanagar Empire Madurai Nayaks Company Raj British Raj

Places of interest

Basilica of the Holy Redeemer, Tiruchirapalli Grand Anicut Rockfort Ucchi Pillayar Temple Samayapuram Mariamman Temple Sri Pundarikashan Perumal Temple, Thiruvellarai Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple Siva Temple, Thiruvanaikoil Urayur

Educational Institutions


Anna University, Tiruchirappalli Bharathidasan University National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli Prist University (Trichy Campus) SRM University (Trichy Campus)


Nehru Memorial College Anna University of Technology, Tiruchirappalli J.J. College of Engineering and Technology M.A.M College of Engineering MAM College of Engineering and Technology Mount Zion College of Engineering and Technology Shivani Institute of Technology Trichy Engineering College Bishop Heber College Jamal Mohamed College National College, Tiruchirapalli Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli Bharathidasan Institute of Management DoMS NIT Trichy J R Polytechnic College K.A.P.Viswanatham Government Medical College Government Law College, Tiruchirapalli Tamil Nadu National Law School


Chellammal Matric. Higher Secondary School, Crawford & Thiruverumbur Campion Anglo-Indian Higher Secondary School Kamala Niketan Montessori School Railway Mixed Higher Secondary School, Golden Rock R.S.Krishnan Higher Secondary School Higher Secondary School for Boys, Srirangam St Johns Vestry Anglo Indian Higher Secondary School St.Joseph's School, Trichy

Cities and towns People Villages

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Amaravati Arkavathy Bhavani Chinnar Hemavati Honnuhole Kabini Kollidam Kudamurutti Lakshmana Tirtha Noyyal Pambar Shimsha Vennar


Banasura Sagar Dam Kallanai Dam Krishna Raja Sagara Dam Mettur Dam Upper Anaicut Lower Anaicut


Bay of Bengal Deccan plateau Hogenakal Falls Shivanasamudra Falls Western Ghats

Cities and towns

Bhagamandala Bhavani Chidambaram Erode Karaikal Karur Kodumudi Kodagu Kudavasal Kumbakonam Kushalanagara Mannargudi Mandya Mayiladuthurai Mettur Mysore Nagapattinam Nannilam Papanasam Puhar Peralam Sakleshpur Sikkal Sirkali Srirangam Srirangapatna Swamimalai Talakad Talakaveri Thanjavur Tharangambadi Tirunallar Thiruvaiyaru Thiruvarur Thiruveezhimizhalai Tiruchirapalli Vaitheeswarankoil

Riparian states and territories

Karnataka Kerala Puducherry Tamil Nadu

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Hindu holy cities


Char Dham


Badrinath Temple


Dwarkadhish Temple


Jagannath Temple


Ramanathaswamy Temple

Chota Char Dham


Badrinath Temple


Kedarnath Temple

Gangotri Yamunotri

Yamunotri Temple

Panch Kedar

Kedarnath Tungnath Rudranath Madhyamaheshwar Kalpeshwar

Pancharama Kshetras

Amararama Draksharama Ksheerarama Kumararama Somarama

Six Abodes of Murugan

Palani Swamimalai Thiruttani Pazhamudircholai Thiruchendur Tirupparankunram

Trilinga Kshetras

Draksharama Srisailam Kaleshwaram



















Prabhas Patan






Omkareshwar Kedarnath





Kashi Vishvanath









Ellora Caves


Panchabhuta Lingas

Srikalahasti Temple


Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram


Annamalaiyar Temple


Ekambareswarar Temple


Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval


Pushpagiri Temple Complex Shakti Peethas Ahobilam Ambaji Ambalappuzha Arunachala Annavaram Ayodhya Akshardham (Delhi) Akshardham (Gandhinagar) Basar Bhadrachalam Chidambaram Chitrakoot Chottanikkara Dakor Dharmasthala Dakshineswar Kali Temple Ettumanoor Gaya Gokul Guruvayur Haridwar Indraprastha Jageshwar Kalighat Kanchipuram Kanyakumari Katra Vaishno Devi Khatu Kollur Kurukshetra Madurai Mangalagiri Mathura Mayapur Nashik Nathdwara Pandharpur Prayag (Triveni Sangam) Pushkar Rishikesh Ryali Sabarimala Sapta Puri Somnath Sringeri Shirdi Simhachalam Temple Sonamukhi Srirangam Sri Kurmam Tirumala Tirunavaya Tripunithura Udupi Jajpur Vrindavan Vijayawada Yadagirigutta


Prambanan Gebang Gedong Songo Dieng Plateau Sukuh Ceto Temple Penataran Gunung Kawi Cangkuang Penataran Temple Candi Jawi Candi Kidal Candi Singhasari Candi Surawana Balinese temple Tanah Lot Marga Tirtha Empul Temple Denpasar Gianyar Pura Penataran Sasih Pejeng Gianyar Pura Besakih Pura Ulun Danu Bratan Pura Luhur Ulu Watu Pura Ulun Danu Batur

Sri Lanka

Ati Konanayakar Koneswaram Pathirakali Amman Temple Kataragama Munneswaram temple Thambiluvil Sri Kannaki amman temple Thambiluvil Sri Sivalinga Pillayar Temple Thirukkovil Sithira Velayutha Swami Kovil Tenavaram temple


Kathmandu Janakpurdham Chataradham