HOME
The Info List - Thiruvarangam


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

SRIRANGAM (formerly Vellithirumutha gramam) (THIRUVARANGAM in Tamil ) is an island and a part of the city of Tiruchirapalli
Tiruchirapalli
, in South India .

Srirangam
Srirangam
is bounded by the Kaveri River
Kaveri River
(also known as Cauvery river) on one side, and the Kaveri
Kaveri
distributary Kollidam (Coleroon) on the other side. Srirangam
Srirangam
is home to a significant population of Srivaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
).

CONTENTS

* 1 Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple * 2 History * 3 Economy * 4 Schools

* 5 Transport

* 5.1 Air * 5.2 Rail * 5.3 Bus

* 6 Climate * 7 Politics * 8 References * 9 External links

SRI RANGANATHASWAMY TEMPLE

The main gopuram of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam
White Gopuram
Gopuram
at Srirangam
Srirangam
Temple

Srirangam
Srirangam
is famous for its Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple , a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus (especially Srivaishnavites ) and the largest temple complex in India.

According to the temple's website, Srirangam
Srirangam
can be considered the biggest functioning Hindu
Hindu
temple in the world, as it covers an area of about 631,000 square metres (6,790,000 sq ft) with a perimeter of 4 km (10,710 ft). Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
is bigger but non-functioning.

Srirangam
Srirangam
among a few "self-manifested " shrines (Swayam Vyakta Kshetras) of Lord Vishnu. The temple complex is enormous and spans 156 acres (0.63 km2). It has seven prakaras or enclosures. These enclosures are formed by thick and huge rampart walls which run round the sanctum. There are 21 magnificent towers in all prakaras providing a unique sight to any visitor. The temple town lies on an islet formed by the twin rivers Cauvery and Coleroon.

The Srirangam
Srirangam
temple complex is composed of 7 concentric walled sections and 21 towers gopuram . The southern gopuram of the temple, called the Rajagopuram , is 236 feet (73 m) tall and, as of 2016, is the second tallest in Asia. The construction of this Rajagopuram was begun during the reign of Achyuta Deva Raya of the Vijayanagara empire. However, construction was halted after his death and the structure of the rajagopuram remained incomplete for 400 years. The monumental task of completion of the rajagopuram was undertaken and completed successfully by Sri Vedanta Desika Yatheendra Mahadesikan, the 44th jeeyar of Sri Ahobila Matha . The construction was completed in a span of 8 years. The Rajagopuram was consecrated on 25 March 1987.

The temple has seven prakaras (elevated enclosures) with gopurams articulating the axial path, the highest at the outermost prakara and the lowest at the innermost. In historic times, just after the construction of this temple, the city of Srirangam
Srirangam
lived completely within the walls of this temple and hence is quoted as an example of Hindu
Hindu
religious utopia – during its peak of existence.

The Srirangam
Srirangam
temple is one of the three temples of the God Ranganatha
Ranganatha
that are situated in the natural islands formed in the Kaveri
Kaveri
river. They are:

* Adi Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangapattana * Madhya Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Shivanasamudra
Shivanasamudra
* Antya Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam

There is a gopuram fully made of gold, which is protected by an electrical fence.

Clothes such as Silk Sarees, Dhoti, Towels, etc.., used for religious purposes are auctioned here.

Inside the temple complex, there is a separate temple dedicated to the goddess Andal
Andal
. Additionally, there is a museum, a library and a bookshop.

HISTORY

Lord Rama
Rama
performed aradhanam (pooja) to Vishnu's idol (deity in a reclining posture ). As a symbol of love he gifted the idol to Vibishana (brother of Ravana
Ravana
of the Hindu
Hindu
epic Ramayana
Ramayana
) to take back with him to Lanka
Lanka
. There was a condition that he could not set the idol on earth and if he did it would seat itself permanently. Vibishana took this idol and while travelling towards Lanka, came upon the banks of the river Kaveri. He placed the idol on banks of river Kaveri, while an utsavam was in progress. When the utsavam got over, the Lord refused to move as he loved the place (Srirangam). When Vibhishana requested him to come along with him, the lord refused but promised to bless Vibhishana by always facing South (the direction of Lanka, home to Vibhishana) Hence it is that the deity (in a reclining posture) faces South. Then Chola kings Dharmavarcholan and Killivalavan developed the shrine into the big temple seen now. They built the basic foundations and main buildings.

Srirangam's History got important during the invasion of some jealous Muslim emperors (1310–1311) Srirangam
Srirangam
was captured and the riches were looted. The invaders did not want to accept the rituals of Hinduism. They took away the idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal and plundered the treasures, jewels and ornaments which belonged to Srirangam
Srirangam
temple. The temple idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal was sent to Delhi. In Delhi, the idol of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal was taken care of like a devoted mother by the daughter of the Sultan. At the very moment she saw the idol, she fell in love with the deity. She spent all her time with the idol. The Sultan surrendered the statue of Alagiyamanavalar Perumal back to Ramanujacharya. The Daughter of Sultan could not bear this. She is said to have disappeared mysteriously. She now has a separate shrine near the Sriranganatha temple and people worship her. She is called "Thulukka Nachiyar". Even after this incident Srirangam
Srirangam
was often attacked and ransacked by various mughal emperors. After the rise of Vijayanagara Kingdom the atrocities of the Mughal Sultans came to an end. King of Vijaya Nagar "Krishna Deva Raya" realized the importance of this sacred city and prioritized Srirangam
Srirangam
as equal as Thirupathi and bequeathed a plenty of treasures, jewels and lands to the Srirangam
Srirangam
temple. During his period the Srirangam
Srirangam
temple was well reformed and many plans were executed for the growth and people welfare and so Srirangam
Srirangam
got developed rapidly.

ECONOMY

Due to the famous temple, Srirangam
Srirangam
has a thriving economy based on tourism. Devotees come from all parts of India
India
and abroad. The number of devotees to the town increases greatly during the festivals like Vaikunta Ekadashi which falls on the Tamil month of Marghazi (Margashirsha).

Thiruvarangam is one of the few temples which is always being crowded by devotees.

There are many other famous temples near Srirangam. They include Rockfort temple, Samayapuram Mariamman
Mariamman
temple, Tiruvaanaikovil temple, Vayalur
Vayalur
Murugan temple, Uraiyur
Uraiyur
Vekkali Amman temple, Kattu Azhagiya singer temple etc.

In addition along the banks of Kaveri
Kaveri
in areas near Srirangam
Srirangam
and Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
there are other famous temples of Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
most of which house the reclining form of him, namely the Sri Vadivazhagiya Nambi Perumal Temple (Thiru Anbil) and housing the deity Appala Ranganathar , also called the Appukudaththan Temple at Koviladi .

Another temple of Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
is at Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
itself, the Azhagiya Nambi Temple at Woraiyur which is part of the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam.

Srirangam
Srirangam
town is also home to several hundred people who work in offices and industries located in Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
. The public transport linking Srirangam
Srirangam
to Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
(route #1) is very frequent.

SCHOOLS

There are numerous schools, both private and public, in the town. The Higher Secondary School for Boys was founded in 1896 and is the oldest one in the town. There is also a Higher Secondary School for girls which is almost as old as that of the boys. Srimad Andavan College, Chinmaya Vidyalaya Matric. School, Sri Akilandeswari Vidyalaya, Sri Ranga Matriculation School, Sri Vaijayanthi Vidhyalaya, Srivageesha vidhyashram etc., are other institutions in Srirangam. Most of the schools have English as a medium of instruction. Some have Tamil as a medium of instruction, and some have both. There are many school children who travel to nearby Trichy also.

TRANSPORT

AIR

Srirangam
Srirangam
as seen from the air

The nearest airport is Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
International Airport .

Trichy Airport has connections to Chennai
Chennai
, Singapore
Singapore
, Dubai
Dubai
, Sharjah , Colombo
Colombo
, Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
.

RAIL

Srirangam
Srirangam
has a railway station that can be reached from Chennai through any of the major trains travelling in the Chennai
Chennai
-Kanyakumari railway track and the approximate journey time from Chennai
Chennai
is about 5 hours and 10 minutes (320 km).

The Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
fort and Trichy junction which are the distance of 2 km and 8 km serves as connection point to many destinations in southern India, such as Thanjavur, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
, Chidambaram, Madurai, Tirupathi, Tuticorin, Tenkasi, Quilon, Rameswaram, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Mysore, Kochi, Kanyakumari and Mangalore. It also connects to western part of Indian cities like Pune, Surat, Ahmedabad, some northern Indian cities like Jodhpur, Bikaner, New Delhi, Jammu.

BUS

Bridge Connecting Trichy and Srirangam
Srirangam
across Kaveri River
Kaveri River

Trichy Central bus stand has direct services to most parts of Tamil Nadu. From the bus stand, tourists can avail local buses, taxi, auto rickshaw to reach Srirangam.

City Bus service to all places of tourist interest from Central Bus Stand and from Chinthamani -Main Guard Gate Bus Stand (Both in Trichy). Tourist Taxis andAuto Rickshaws are also available at reasonable rates.

Route No. 1 of the City bus service runs between Srirangam
Srirangam
and Central Bus stand. This route starts from Trichy Central Bus Stand
Central Bus Stand
and goes via Trichy Junction Railway Station, Palakkarai
Palakkarai
Rettai pillaiyar Kovil street, Main Guard Gate, Chatram Bus Stand, Cauvery River Bridge, Mambazha salai, Thiruvanaikkovil and ends at Srirangam
Srirangam
Bus Stand near the Srirangam
Srirangam
Therkku vaasal (South entrance to the temple).

There is a bus for every 5 minutes and the bus service is round the clock.

Buses TNSTC are originating from Srirangam
Srirangam
to various places like Trivandrum, Chennai, Madurai, Kodaikanal, etc.

CLIMATE

The climate of Trichy (and Srirangam) is Tropical. Average Temperature Range (°C): Summer- Max. 37.1 °C (98.8 °F) Min. 26.4 °C (79.5 °F); Winter- Max. 31.3 °C (88.3 °F) Min. 20.6 °C (69.1 °F); Rainfall: 835 millimetres (32.9 in)

POLITICS

Srirangam
Srirangam
assembly constituency is part of Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
(Lok Sabha constituency) .The former chief minister of the state Jayalalithaa represented this constituency.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Welcome to Sri Ranganathar Swamy Temple". srirangam.org. * ^ India
India
By Sarina Singh, Joe Bindloss, Paul Clammer, Janine Eberle * ^ Kattu Azhagiya Singa Perumal Temple, Sri Rangam, Trichy – Find My Temple – Temples of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
– Thanjavur, Madurai, Thiruvannamalai, Palani, Kumbakonam * ^ "List of new routes added by SETC – Part II". tnstc.wordpress.com. 17 October 2012. * ^ "TNSTC Bus Timings from Srirangam.". tnstc.wordpress.com. 24 May 2015. * ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11.

EXTERNAL LINKS

.