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Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
district (also known as Thiruvallur
Thiruvallur
District[2]) is an administrative district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.The town of Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
is the district headquarters. The district has a mixture of urban and rural characteristics. The Eastern part of Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
district is dominated by urban characteristics while the Northern part of the district has influence of Andhra culture due to its position. As of 2011, the district had a population of 3,728,104 with a sex-ratio of 987 females for every 1,000 males The district has been divided into three revenue divisions viz, Tiruvallur, Tiruttani
Tiruttani
and Ponneri. There are four taluks under Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
division, two taluks under Tiruttani
Tiruttani
divisions and two taluks under Ponneri
Ponneri
division. There are 46 firkas and 820 revenue villages. Likewise there are 12 blocks, 5 Municipalities and 10 town panchayats which implement rural development activities.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Demographics 5 Economy

5.1 Government Industrial Estates 5.2 Private Industrial Estates

6 Governance

6.1 Revenue Divisions and Taluks 6.2 Revenue Blocks and Municipalities

7 Administration and Politics 8 Economy 9 References 10 External links

Etymology[edit] The word "Tiruvallur" is supposedly derived from the Tamil sentence "tiru evvull?" meaning, "Tiru" - Highness (a common prefix in South India
India
for temple towns or cities), "evvull" - where do I sleep. So, Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
means, a place/town where, the god, Veera Raghavar asked a saint for a place to sleep for a night.[3] History[edit] Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
was originally known as Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
which specifies the sleeping position of the holy lord "Balaji", in the Veeraragava temple of Tiruvallur. Later people began to refer it by names such as Trivellore and Tiruvallur. Today Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
is well known, one of the reason being the Veeraragava Temple, where Amavasya
Amavasya
(the commencement of dark moon prior to the new moon) is considered an auspicious day for the lord and so for the people of the town.[4] The district of Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
has been carved out by bifurcating erstwhile Chengalpattu district (which was renamed as Chengalpattu-MGR/Kancheepuram at the time of 1991 Census). According to the said bifurcation Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
revenue division which included Tiruvallur, Tiruttani
Tiruttani
taluks and Uthukkottai and Pallipattu
Pallipattu
sub-taluks separated from Chengalpattu district along with Ponneri
Ponneri
and Gummindipoondi taluks of Saidapet revenue division and formed this new district. At present this district comprises 8 taluks, namely Avadi, Ponneri, Gummidipoondi, Uthukottai, Tiruvallur, Poonamallee, Tiruttani, and Pallipattu. In the far past, this region was under a chain of regimes commencing from the Pallavas during the 7th century ending with the Nawab of Arcot during the early part of 19th century when it came under the British rule. In 1687, the Golkonda rulers were defeated and the region came under the Moghul emperors of Delhi. The towns and villages of this region were the scene of Carnatic wars. Battles are said to have been fought in this region during the struggle for supremacy between the English and French. The town of Pulicat was the earliest Dutch possession in India
India
founded in 1609 which was ceded to the British in 1825. With this, the region came under the British rule which ended on 15 August 1947 with India
India
becoming independent.[3] Geography[edit] It is bounded on the north by Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
state, on the east by the Bay of Bengal, on the southeast by Chennai
Chennai
district, on the south by Kanchipuram and on the west by Vellore district.The coastal region of the district is mostly flat and dreary; but in the other parts it is undulating and even hilly in some places. The northern taluks of the district like Ponneri, Uttukkottai, Gummidipundi etc. do not have much to offer from the scenic point of view. In the Tiruttani
Tiruttani
taluk, a number of hillocks are found scattered. The soil of the district is mostly sandy, mixed with soda or other alkali or stony. Rocks found in and near the surface are in detached masses. Hence, the soil can't be termed as very fertile. The soil found nearer the sea coast is of the inferior erinaceous type which is most suited for raising casuarinas plants. No mineral of any importance is available in the district. There are not many hills of any considerable height in this district. A few conical hills or ridges of small elevation exist like the St. Thomas Mount. Certain hillocks are found in Tiruttani. Most of the hills and hillocks are rocky and no verdant vegetation is seen in the slopes of these hills. The area under forests in this district is quite meager. The average normal rainfall of the District is 1104 mm. Out of which 52% has been received during North East Monsoon period and 41% has been received during South West Monsoon period. Demographics[edit] According to 2011 census, Thiruvallur
Thiruvallur
district had a population of 3,728,104 with a sex-ratio of 987 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[5] A total of 405,669 were under the age of six, constituting 208,449 males and 197,220 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
accounted for 22.04% and 1.27% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 74.88%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[5] The district had a total of 946,949 households. There were a total of 1,538,054 workers, comprising 60,436 cultivators, 173,150 main agricultural labourers, 41,742 in house hold industries, 972,590 other workers, 290,136 marginal workers, 13,008 marginal cultivators, 97,436 marginal agricultural labourers, 16,498 marginal workers in household industries and 163,194 other marginal workers.[6] Economy[edit] Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
district is one of the fastest developing districts in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
in terms of Industrial Development. The district has many leading industries like Kamarajar Port, North Chennai
Chennai
Thermal Power Station, National Thermal Power Corporation, L&T Ship Build, NIOT, ITC, IOCL, HPCL, BPCL, and Hindustan Motors. It also boasts of the Ennore Thermal Power Station and the Avadi
Avadi
Tank Factory. The District has 9 Industrial Estates, all in operation : 6 developed by the Government and 3 by Private Organisation. Government Industrial Estates[edit]

Electrical Industrial Estate, Kakalur. SIDCO Industrial Estate, Kakalur Petrochemical Industrial Estate, Vichoor SIDCO Industrial Estate, R.K. Pet SIDCO Industrial Estate, Gummidipoondi SIDCO Industrial Estate, Thirumazhisai

Private Industrial Estates[edit]

M.M.Industrial Estate, Alapakkam Moccaram Industries, Velappan Chavadi Ekambara Naicker Industrial Estate, Alapakkam

This district has 16940 Small Scale Industries, notable among them being food, wood, textile, chemical, engineering, non-metallic and leather industries. Governance[edit] Revenue Divisions and Taluks[edit] Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
District consists of 3 Revenue Divisions and 8 taluks:

Ponneri
Ponneri
Revenue Division: Ponneri
Ponneri
taluk, Gummidipoondi
Gummidipoondi
taluk Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
Revenue Division: Uthukkottai taluk, Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
taluk, Poonamallee
Poonamallee
taluk, Avadi
Avadi
taluk Tiruttani
Tiruttani
Revenue Division: Tiruttani
Tiruttani
taluk, Pallipattu
Pallipattu
taluk

Below Taluks are part Of Chennai
Chennai
city region: Avadi, Poonamallee, Ponneri
Ponneri
and Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
taluks lie within the Chennai
Chennai
Metropolitan Area. Revenue Blocks and Municipalities[edit] The following are the Revenue blocks of the district.

Ellapuram Gummidipoondi Kadambathur Minjur Pallipattu Poonamallee Poondi R.K.Pet Sholavaram Tiruvallur Tiruttani Thiruvalangadu

There are 5 municipalities:[7]

Avadi
Avadi
(special grade) Thiruverkadu (selection grade) Poonamallee
Poonamallee
(grade I) Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
(grade I) Thiruthani (grade II)

Administration and Politics[edit]

Constituency Political Party Elected Representative

Gummidipoondi AIADMK Vijayakumar K S

Ponneri AIADMK Balaraman P

Avadi AIADMK Pandia Rajan K

Poonamallee AIADMK Elumalai T A

Tiruvallur DMK Raajendran V G

Tiruttani AIADMK Narasimhan P M

Thiruvallur AIADMK P. Venugopal

Source: Indian Elections / Election Commission of India.[8][9]

Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
assembly constituency is part of Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
(Lok Sabha constituency).[10] Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
Assembly Constituency Elected member - Mr.Ramana of AIADMK Mr. Ramana sworn in as Minister for Handlooms and Textiles after AIADMK washed out Ex-ruling party DMK in the elections. Currently Mr. Ramana is Minister for Commercial Taxes and Registration which has been revoked from Mr Agri S.S.Krishnamoorthy. Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
Municipality Chairman - Mr Commando A Baskaran alias A Baskaran of AIADMK. [11] Currently Mr Commando A Baskaran alias A Baskaran is the AIADMK candidate for Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
constituency in the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
May 2016 Assembly Elections. [12] Updated the MLA's as per May 2016 elections

Economy[edit]

The Veera Raghava Swami Temple in Tiruvallur

In retail spending, the Thiruvallur
Thiruvallur
district emerges third in India, only after Noida
Noida
and SW Delhi
Delhi
surpassing Bangalore
Bangalore
and Mumbai
Mumbai
by a clear margin.[13] References[edit]

^ "Tamilnadu Postal Circle - Pincode". www.tamilnadupost.nic.in. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ "Also known as Thiruvallur". Villagemap.in. Retrieved 20 June 2015.  ^ a b tiruvallur official website ^ "Sri Vaidya Veeraraghava Swami temple - Events". www.svdtiruvallur.com.  ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.  ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thiruvallur
Thiruvallur
district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of the India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.  ^ "List of Municipalities in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Gradewise". Commissionerate of Municipal Administration, Govt. of Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2011.  ^ "Election results". Indian Elections.  ^ "Parties Statistics". Election Commission of India.  ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-08.  ^ Tiruvallur, District Administrator, Collectorate,. "Elected Memebers - Town Panchayats - Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
District". www.tiruvallur.tn.nic.in. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ Ramakrishnan, Deepa H.; Amp; Kolappan, B. (4 April 2016). "AIADMK releases list of candidates for 2016 Assembly polls". Retrieved 21 March 2018 – via www.thehindu.com.  ^ " Noida
Noida
is highest spender". epaper.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 21 March 2018. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
district.

Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
District

Places adjacent to Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
district

Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh

Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
district

Bay of Bengal

Vellore district Kanchipuram district Chennai
Chennai
district

v t e

 State of Tamil Nadu

Capital: Chennai

State symbols

Seal: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Gopuram Animal: Nilgiri tahr Bird: Emerald dove Flower: Gloriosa lily Fruit: Jackfruit Tree: Palm tree

Governance

Governors Chief Ministers Legislative Assembly Political parties Raj Bhavan High Court Police

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Economy Government History Language Literature Music People Education Politics Temples Protected areas Highest point Wildlife Sexual Minorities Tourism

Districts

Ariyalur Chennai Coimbatore Cuddalore Dharmapuri Dindigul Erode Kanchipuram Kanyakumari Karur Krishnagiri Madurai Nagapattinam Namakkal Perambalur Pudukkottai Ramanathapuram Salem Sivaganga Thanjavur The Nilgiris Theni Thoothukudi Tiruchirapalli Tirunelveli Tiruppur Tiruvallur Tiruvannamalai Tiruvarur Vellore Viluppuram Virudhunagar

Major cities

Chennai Coimbatore Madurai Tiruchirapalli Tiruppur

Tamil Nadu

v t e

Tiruvallur
Tiruvallur
district

District Headquarters

Tiruvallur

Country

India

State

Tamil Nadu

Region

Tondai Nadu

Revenue Divisions

Ponneri Thiruvallur Tiruttani

Taluks

Avadi Gummidipoondi Pallipattu Ponneri Poonamallee Thiruttani Tiruvallur Uthukkottai

Revenue blocks

Ellapuram Gummidipoondi Kadambathur Minjur Pallipattu Poonamallee Poondi Pulal R.K.Pet Sholavaram Tiruvallur Tiruttani Thiruvalangadu Villivakkam

Municipal Corporation

Chennai
Chennai
Avadi
Avadi
Corporation (proposed)

Municipalities

Avadi Poonamallee Thiruttani Tiruverkadu Tiruvallur

Town Panchayats

Arani Gummidipoondi Minjur Naravarikuppam Pallipattu Pothatturpettai Ponneri Thirumazhisai Thirunindravur Uthukottai

History

Pallavas Medieval Cholas Later Cholas Pandyan dynasty Vijayanagar Empire Carnatic Kingdom Company Raj British Raj

Places of interest

Ennore Port Queens Land Puzhal aeri Poondi aeri Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary Kattupalli Shipyard Heavy Vehicles Factory, Avadi Thiruevvul Bhaktavatsala Perumal Temple, Thirunindravur Sri Vadaranyeswarar Temple Hridayaleeswarar Temple Vaseeswarar Temple Thiruthani Murugan Temple Sri Viswaroopa Panchamukha Anjaneyaswami Temple Narasinghapuram Lakshmi Narasimhar Temple Vedapureeswarar Temple, Thiruverkadu Thiruverkadu Devi Karumariamman Temple Periyapalayam Bhavani Amman Temple Siruvapuri Sri Balasubrahmanyam temple Arani Sampangi Pichandeshwarer Temple Big Mosque, Poonamallee

Universities

Veltech Dr.RR & Dr.SR University Saveetha University St. Peter'

.