Tiruvallur district (also known as
Thiruvallur District) is an
administrative district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.The
Tiruvallur is the district headquarters. The district has a
mixture of urban and rural characteristics. The Eastern part of
Tiruvallur district is dominated by urban characteristics while the
Northern part of the district has influence of Andhra culture due to
its position. As of 2011, the district had a population of 3,728,104
with a sex-ratio of 987 females for every 1,000 males
The district has been divided into three revenue divisions viz,
Tiruttani and Ponneri. There are four taluks under
Tiruvallur division, two taluks under
Tiruttani divisions and two
Ponneri division. There are 46 firkas and 820 revenue
villages. Likewise there are 12 blocks, 5 Municipalities and 10 town
panchayats which implement rural development activities.
5.1 Government Industrial Estates
5.2 Private Industrial Estates
6.1 Revenue Divisions and Taluks
6.2 Revenue Blocks and Municipalities
7 Administration and Politics
10 External links
The word "Tiruvallur" is supposedly derived from the Tamil sentence
"tiru evvull?" meaning, "Tiru" - Highness (a common prefix in South
India for temple towns or cities), "evvull" - where do I sleep. So,
Tiruvallur means, a place/town where, the god, Veera Raghavar asked a
saint for a place to sleep for a night.
Tiruvallur was originally known as
Tiruvallur which specifies the
sleeping position of the holy lord "Balaji", in the Veeraragava temple
of Tiruvallur. Later people began to refer it by names such as
Trivellore and Tiruvallur. Today
Tiruvallur is well known, one of the
reason being the Veeraragava Temple, where
Amavasya (the commencement
of dark moon prior to the new moon) is considered an auspicious day
for the lord and so for the people of the town.
The district of
Tiruvallur has been carved out by bifurcating
erstwhile Chengalpattu district (which was renamed as
Chengalpattu-MGR/Kancheepuram at the time of 1991 Census). According
to the said bifurcation
Tiruvallur revenue division which included
Tiruttani taluks and Uthukkottai and
separated from Chengalpattu district along with
Gummindipoondi taluks of Saidapet revenue division and formed this new
district. At present this district comprises 8 taluks, namely Avadi,
Ponneri, Gummidipoondi, Uthukottai, Tiruvallur, Poonamallee,
Tiruttani, and Pallipattu.
In the far past, this region was under a chain of regimes commencing
from the Pallavas during the 7th century ending with the Nawab of
Arcot during the early part of 19th century when it came under the
British rule. In 1687, the Golkonda rulers were defeated and the
region came under the Moghul emperors of Delhi. The towns and villages
of this region were the scene of Carnatic wars. Battles are said to
have been fought in this region during the struggle for supremacy
between the English and French. The town of Pulicat was the earliest
Dutch possession in
India founded in 1609 which was ceded to the
British in 1825. With this, the region came under the British rule
which ended on 15 August 1947 with
India becoming independent.
It is bounded on the north by
Andhra Pradesh state, on the east by the
Bay of Bengal, on the southeast by
Chennai district, on the south by
Kanchipuram and on the west by Vellore district.The coastal region of
the district is mostly flat and dreary; but in the other parts it is
undulating and even hilly in some places.
The northern taluks of the district like Ponneri, Uttukkottai,
Gummidipundi etc. do not have much to offer from the scenic point of
view. In the
Tiruttani taluk, a number of hillocks are found
scattered. The soil of the district is mostly sandy, mixed with soda
or other alkali or stony. Rocks found in and near the surface are in
detached masses. Hence, the soil can't be termed as very fertile. The
soil found nearer the sea coast is of the inferior erinaceous type
which is most suited for raising casuarinas plants. No mineral of any
importance is available in the district. There are not many hills of
any considerable height in this district. A few conical hills or
ridges of small elevation exist like the St. Thomas Mount. Certain
hillocks are found in Tiruttani. Most of the hills and hillocks are
rocky and no verdant vegetation is seen in the slopes of these hills.
The area under forests in this district is quite meager.
The average normal rainfall of the District is 1104 mm. Out of
which 52% has been received during North East Monsoon period and 41%
has been received during South West Monsoon period.
According to 2011 census,
Thiruvallur district had a population of
3,728,104 with a sex-ratio of 987 females for every 1,000 males, much
above the national average of 929. A total of 405,669 were under
the age of six, constituting 208,449 males and 197,220 females.
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 22.04% and 1.27%
of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district
was 74.88%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The
district had a total of 946,949 households. There were a total of
1,538,054 workers, comprising 60,436 cultivators, 173,150 main
agricultural labourers, 41,742 in house hold industries, 972,590 other
workers, 290,136 marginal workers, 13,008 marginal cultivators, 97,436
marginal agricultural labourers, 16,498 marginal workers in household
industries and 163,194 other marginal workers.
Tiruvallur district is one of the fastest developing districts in
Tamil Nadu in terms of Industrial Development. The district has many
leading industries like Kamarajar Port, North
Chennai Thermal Power
Station, National Thermal Power Corporation, L&T Ship Build, NIOT,
ITC, IOCL, HPCL, BPCL, and Hindustan Motors. It also boasts of the
Ennore Thermal Power Station and the
Avadi Tank Factory.
The District has 9 Industrial Estates, all in operation : 6
developed by the Government and 3 by Private Organisation.
Government Industrial Estates
Electrical Industrial Estate, Kakalur.
SIDCO Industrial Estate, Kakalur
Petrochemical Industrial Estate, Vichoor
SIDCO Industrial Estate, R.K. Pet
SIDCO Industrial Estate, Gummidipoondi
SIDCO Industrial Estate, Thirumazhisai
Private Industrial Estates
M.M.Industrial Estate, Alapakkam
Moccaram Industries, Velappan Chavadi
Ekambara Naicker Industrial Estate, Alapakkam
This district has 16940 Small Scale Industries, notable among them
being food, wood, textile, chemical, engineering, non-metallic and
Revenue Divisions and Taluks
Tiruvallur District consists of 3 Revenue Divisions and 8 taluks:
Ponneri Revenue Division:
Tiruvallur Revenue Division: Uthukkottai taluk,
Tiruttani Revenue Division:
Below Taluks are part Of
Chennai city region:
Tiruvallur taluks lie within the
Chennai Metropolitan Area.
Revenue Blocks and Municipalities
The following are the Revenue blocks of the district.
There are 5 municipalities:
Avadi (special grade)
Thiruverkadu (selection grade)
Poonamallee (grade I)
Tiruvallur (grade I)
Thiruthani (grade II)
Administration and Politics
Vijayakumar K S
Pandia Rajan K
Elumalai T A
Raajendran V G
Narasimhan P M
Source: Indian Elections / Election Commission of India.
Tiruvallur assembly constituency is part of
Tiruvallur (Lok Sabha
Tiruvallur Assembly Constituency Elected member - Mr.Ramana of AIADMK
Mr. Ramana sworn in as Minister for Handlooms and Textiles after
AIADMK washed out Ex-ruling party DMK in the elections.
Currently Mr. Ramana is Minister for Commercial Taxes and Registration
which has been revoked from Mr Agri S.S.Krishnamoorthy.
Tiruvallur Municipality Chairman - Mr Commando A Baskaran alias A
Baskaran of AIADMK.
 Currently Mr Commando A Baskaran alias A Baskaran is the AIADMK
Tiruvallur constituency in the
Tamil Nadu May 2016
Updated the MLA's as per May 2016 elections
The Veera Raghava Swami Temple in Tiruvallur
In retail spending, the
Thiruvallur district emerges third in India,
Noida and SW
Mumbai by a
^ "Tamilnadu Postal Circle - Pincode". www.tamilnadupost.nic.in.
Retrieved 21 March 2018.
^ "Also known as Thiruvallur". Villagemap.in. Retrieved 20 June
^ a b tiruvallur official website
^ "Sri Vaidya Veeraraghava Swami temple - Events".
^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The
Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs,
Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals -
Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of
Home Affairs, Government of the India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January
^ "List of Municipalities in
Tamil Nadu Gradewise". Commissionerate of
Municipal Administration, Govt. of Tamil Nadu. Archived from the
original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
^ "Election results". Indian Elections.
^ "Parties Statistics". Election Commission of India.
^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil
Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
^ Tiruvallur, District Administrator, Collectorate,. "Elected Memebers
- Town Panchayats -
Tiruvallur District". www.tiruvallur.tn.nic.in.
Retrieved 21 March 2018.
^ Ramakrishnan, Deepa H.; Amp; Kolappan, B. (4 April 2016). "AIADMK
releases list of candidates for 2016 Assembly polls". Retrieved 21
March 2018 – via www.thehindu.com.
Noida is highest spender". epaper.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 21
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Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary
Heavy Vehicles Factory, Avadi
Bhaktavatsala Perumal Temple, Thirunindravur
Sri Vadaranyeswarar Temple
Thiruthani Murugan Temple
Sri Viswaroopa Panchamukha Anjaneyaswami Temple
Narasinghapuram Lakshmi Narasimhar Temple
Vedapureeswarar Temple, Thiruverkadu
Thiruverkadu Devi Karumariamman Temple
Periyapalayam Bhavani Amman Temple
Siruvapuri Sri Balasubrahmanyam temple
Arani Sampangi Pichandeshwarer Temple
Big Mosque, Poonamallee
Veltech Dr.RR & Dr.SR University