HOME
The Info List - ThinkPad


--- Advertisement ---



ThinkPad
ThinkPad
is a line of laptop computers and tablets developed by Lenovo. The series was designed, developed, and sold by IBM
IBM
until Lenovo
Lenovo
acquired the division and brand in 2005. ThinkPads are known for their minimalist, black and boxy design which was initially modeled in 1990 by industrial designer Richard Sapper
Richard Sapper
based on the concept of a traditional Japanese Bento
Bento
lunchbox revealing its nature only after being opened. According to later interviews with Sapper, he also characterized the simple ThinkPad
ThinkPad
form to be as elementary as a simple, black cigar box and with similar proportions that offers a 'surprise' when opened. The line was first developed at the IBM
IBM
Yamato Facility in Japan, led by Arimasa Naitoh, who is now dubbed the "father" of ThinkPad. The first ThinkPads were released in October 1992. Considered innovative, it became a large success for IBM
IBM
during that decade. ThinkPads are especially popular with businesses. Older models are revered by technology enthusiasts, collectors and power users due to their durable design, relatively high resale value, and abundance of aftermarket replacement parts. ThinkPads have received a somewhat cult following and a small but loyal fanbase throughout the years. ThinkPad laptops have been used in space and, by 2003, were the only laptops certified for use on the International Space Station.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Name 1.2 Development 1.3 Early models 1.4 Industrial design 1.5 Reviews and awards 1.6 Use in space 1.7 Acquisition by Lenovo 1.8 Manufacturing 1.9 Batteries

2 Recent models

2.1 25th anniversary Retro ThinkPad 2.2 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Yoga 2.3 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Twist 2.4 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Helix 2.5 Tablets

2.5.1 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Tablet 2.5.2 ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2 2.5.3 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
8 2.5.4 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
10 2.5.5 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X1 Tablet

2.6 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
13 2.7 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Stack 2.8 A Series (2017)

2.8.1 A275 2.8.2 A475

2.9 E Series 2.10 P Series

2.10.1 First generation

2.10.1.1 P50 2.10.1.2 P70 2.10.1.3 P50s

2.10.2 Second generation

2.10.2.1 P51 2.10.2.2 P71 2.10.2.3 P51s

2.11 T Series 2.12 W Series 2.13 X Series 2.14 L Series 2.15 S Series 2.16 Edge Series

3 Discontinued models

3.1 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Reserve Edition 3.2 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
235 3.3 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
240 3.4 300 Series 3.5 500 Series 3.6 600 Series 3.7 700 Series 3.8 800 Series 3.9 Z Series 3.10 SL Series 3.11 A Series 3.12 G Series 3.13 R Series 3.14 i Series

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] Name[edit]

An original IBM
IBM
THINK notepad (above), which inspired the laptop name, and the notepad refill information (below)

The name "ThinkPad" is a product of IBM's corporate history and culture. Thomas J. Watson, Sr., had first introduced "THINK" as an IBM slogan in the 1920s. With every minicomputer and mainframe IBM installed (almost all were leased - not sold), a blue plastic sign was placed atop the operator's console, with the "Think" command on an aluminum plate. For decades, IBM
IBM
distributed small notepads with the word "THINK" emblazoned on a brown leatherette cover to customers and employees.[2] The name "ThinkPad" was suggested by IBM
IBM
employee Denny Wainwright, who had a "THINK" notepad in his pocket.[3][4] The name was opposed by the IBM
IBM
corporate naming committee as the names for IBM computers were all numeric at that time. "ThinkPad" was kept due to praise from journalists and the public.[5] Development[edit] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
was IBM's answer to Toshiba
Toshiba
and Compaq, which were both in the notebook market, as well as Apple and DEC. The task of making a notebook was given to the Yamato Facility in Japan
Japan
and it was led by Arimasa Naitoh, a Japanese man who joined IBM
IBM
in the 1970s and is now dubbed the "father" of ThinkPad.[6][7][8][9] IBM
IBM
was pushing the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
for its 1992 launch to keep the Harvard Business School happy.[7] Early models[edit]

Older ThinkPad
ThinkPad
logo used by IBM

In April 1992, IBM
IBM
announced the first ThinkPad
ThinkPad
tablet computer at a news conference. The first ThinkPad
ThinkPad
tablet, a PenPoint-based device formally known as the IBM
IBM
2521 ThinkPad, was positioned as a developer's release. The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
tablet became available for purchase by the general public in October of the same year. In addition to giving it an innovative name, IBM
IBM
marketed the ThinkPad through imaginative activities such as early customer pilot programs, numerous pre-launch announcements, and an extensive loaner program designed to showcase the product's strengths and weaknesses. IBM
IBM
even worked with archaeologists excavating the ancient Egyptian city of Leontopolis
Leontopolis
to field test the ThinkPad. The device was loaned to the dig team for the summer. The resulting report documented the ThinkPad's excellent performance under difficult conditions. The report said, "The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
is an impressive machine, rugged enough to be used without special care in the worst conditions Egypt has to offer."[3] The first three ThinkPad
ThinkPad
notebook models were the 700, 700C, and 700T. They were publicly announced in October 1992.[4] The bright red TrackPoint, a kind of pointing stick embedded in the keyboard, enabled the notebook to be used without an external pointing device. The first ThinkPads were very successful, collecting more than 300 awards for design and quality.[10][11][12] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
755C laptop computers were used as Payload and General Support Computers aboard the Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
in the 1990s.[13] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
760ED was also tested as part of the Shuttle-Mir
Shuttle-Mir
program in that same period.[13] The 760ED computer was used without modification. The model used by the space program contained an Intel 133 Mega Hertz Pentium Processor with 48 Megabytes of RAM, a four speed CD-ROM, a power supply unit, a 1.44 Megabyte floppy disk drive, two 1.2 Gigabyte hard drives, and accessories.[13] While in use in space, the laptops were subject to radiation, which could cause errors, and the 760ED was noted as an improvement in this area over the 755C. Industrial design[edit]

The TrackPoint
TrackPoint
pointer. This feature has gone on to become a definitive part of the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
series.

The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
compact keyboard features a wired device, blue ThinkVantage button, TrackPoint
TrackPoint
pointer and with no trackpad.

Traditionally black, ThinkPads have commonly featured magnesium, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or titanium composite cases. The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
has introduced innovations, including the TrackPoint
TrackPoint
pointing device, the ThinkLight, a LED keyboard light at the top of the LCD screen, the Active Protection System, an accelerometer sensor which detects when a ThinkPad
ThinkPad
is falling and shuts down the hard disk drive to prevent damage, roll cage design to minimize motherboard flex, stainless steel hinges, a biometric fingerprint reader, Client Security Solution, which improves security using a built-in Trusted Platform Module (TPM) and facilitates deployment in corporate environment, the ThinkVantage Technologies
ThinkVantage Technologies
suite of computer management applications, and drain holes to help reduce damage to the keyboard and components from accidental spillage.[3] The original design concept of ThinkPad
ThinkPad
was created in 1990 by Italy-based designer Richard Sapper, a corporate design consultant of IBM
IBM
and, since 2005, Lenovo.[14][15][16] Sapper is noted for the design of classic products such as the Tizio lamp
Tizio lamp
for Artemide, office chair for Knoll, kitchenwares for Alessi and ballpoint for Lamy.[17][18] The design was based on the concept of a traditional Japanese Bento
Bento
lunchbox revealing its nature only after being opened.[3][14][16] According to later interviews with Sapper, he also characterized the simple ThinkPad
ThinkPad
form to be as elementary as a simple, black cigar box and with similar proportions that offers a 'surprise' when opened.[17][19] These computers are also known for their iconic red TrackPoint, a variation on a joystick, in the middle of the keyboard.[20] The first ThinkPad
ThinkPad
notebook (700C) announced in 1992 was the first new product to emerge from the IBM
IBM
"differentiated product personality" strategy resulting from a collaboration between Sapper and Tom Hardy, head of the corporate IBM
IBM
Design Program.[14][16][21] Development of the 700C also involved a close working relationship between Sapper and Kazuhiko Yamazaki, lead notebook designer at IBM's Yamato Design Center in Japan
Japan
and liaison between Sapper and Yamato engineering.[14][21] This 1990-1992 "pre-Internet" collaboration between Italy and Japan
Japan
was facilitated by a special Sony digital communications system that transmitted high-res images over telephone lines. This system was established in several key global Design Centers by Hardy so IBM
IBM
designers could visually communicate more effectively and interact directly with Sapper for advice on their projects.[14][16][21] For his innovative design management leadership during ThinkPad
ThinkPad
development, Hardy was named "innovator of the Year 1992" by PC Magazine.[22] Since 1992, the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
design has been regularly updated, developed and refined over the years by Sapper[17][23] and the respective teams at IBM
IBM
and later Lenovo, which included Yamazaki, Tom Takahashi, Sam Lucente and, since 1995, David Hill, Vice President of User Experience & Design, who leads and manages the design/user experience of ThinkPad.[21][24][25] Hill's approach to maintaining the evolution of Sapper's original ThinkPad design is analogous to how Porsche manages evolution of the classic 911.[3][25][26]

IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
701 TrackWrite keyboard in mid fold (also known as the "Butterfly" keyboard)

The fold-out butterfly keyboard, which appeared in the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
701 series designed by Sapper in collaboration with Sam Lucente and John Karidis,[27] is widely considered a design masterpiece and is on display at the Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
in New York City.[28] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
760 series also included an unusual keyboard design; the keyboard was elevated by two arms riding on small rails on the side of the screen, tilting the keyboard to achieve a more ergonomic design. Although almost all models feature a trackpoint, not all models have a touchpad; of those that do, not all have left and right buttons below, possibly making mouse clicks less ergonomic. The touchpads of the X220 double as regular mouse buttons, which is also the case with some newer models (as of December 2013).[29] This can cause problems, such as accidental clicking if too much pressure is exerted during mouse movements. On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of ThinkPad's introduction, David Hill authored and designed a commemorative book about ThinkPad design. Titled ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Design: Spirit & Essence, the book was revealed at an event held at the MoMA. Reviews and awards[edit]

The iconic classic 7-row keyboard that was replaced with a modern 'island' design in 2012

ThinkPads are especially popular with businesses. Older models are revered by technology enthusiasts, collectors and power users due to their durable design, relatively high resale value, and abundance of aftermarket replacement parts.[30] ThinkPads have received a somewhat cult following and a small but loyal fanbase throughout the years.[31][32][33] Laptop Magazine in 2006 called the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
the highest-quality laptop computer keyboard available.[34] It was ranked first in reliability and support in PC Magazine's 2007 Survey.[35] The Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
was the PC Magazine 2006 Reader's Choice for PC based laptops, and ranked number 1 in Support for PC based laptops.[36] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Series was the first product to receive PC World's Hall of Fame award.[37] The Enderle Group's Rob Enderle
Rob Enderle
said that the constant thing about ThinkPad
ThinkPad
is that the "brand stands for quality" and that "they build the best keyboard in the business."[38] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X Tablet-series was PC Magazine Editor's Choice for tablet PCs.[39] The 1.6 kg (3.5 lb) ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X60s was ranked number one in ultraportable laptops by PC World. It lasted 8 hours and 21 minutes on a single charge with its 8-cell battery.[40] The Lenovo ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X60s Series is on PC World's Top 100 Products of 2006.[41] The 2005 PC World Reliability and Service survey ranked ThinkPad products ahead of all other brands for reliability.[42] In the 2004 survey, they were ranked second (behind eMachines).[43] Lenovo
Lenovo
was named the most environment-friendly company in the electronics industry by Greenpeace
Greenpeace
in 2007[44] but has since dropped to place 14 of 17 as of October 2010.[45] The Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T60p received the Editor's Choice award for Mobile Graphic Workstation from PC Magazine.[46] Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X60 is the PC Magazine Editor's Choice among ultra-portable laptops.[47] The Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T400-Series was on PC World's Top 100 Products of 2009.[48] Use in space[edit]

ThinkPad
ThinkPad
in use on the ISS

Susan Helms works with three laptops in the Destiny laboratory.

ThinkPads in use aboard the International Space Station, including 760, 770, and A21p models

A ThinkPad
ThinkPad
was used for the STS program Portable In-Flight Landing Operations Trainer (PILOT), shown here in operation in orbit aboard Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
Atlantis, May 2009.

ThinkPad
ThinkPad
laptops, by 2003, were the only laptops certified for use on the International Space Station.[49] NASA
NASA
purchased more than 500 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
750 laptops for flight qualification, software development, and crew training. Astronaut Senator John Glenn
John Glenn
used ThinkPad
ThinkPad
laptops on his spaceflight mission STS-95
STS-95
in 1998.[50] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
models used on Shuttle missions include:[50]

ThinkPad
ThinkPad
750 (first use in December 1993 supporting the Hubble repair mission) ThinkPad
ThinkPad
750C ThinkPad
ThinkPad
755C ThinkPad
ThinkPad
760ED[13] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
760XD (ISS Portable Computing System) ThinkPad
ThinkPad
770 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
A31p (ISS Portable Computing System) ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T61p[51]

At least three ThinkPad
ThinkPad
750C were left in the Spektr
Spektr
module of Mir when that module depressurized.[50] Laptops used aboard the space shuttle and International Space Station feature safety and operational improvements for the weightless environment they must operate in. Modifications include velcro tape to attach to surfaces, upgrades to the CPU and video card cooling fans to accommodate for the lack of gravity (hotter air doesn't rise) and lower density of the cabin air, and an adapter to the station's 28 volt DC power.[52] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
750 flew aboard the Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
Endeavour during a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope
Hubble Space Telescope
on December 2, 1993. The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
750C's task was to run a NASA
NASA
test program which determined if radiation inherent in the space environment causes memory anomalies in the 750C or generates other unexpected problems.[53] The 755C was also used and the 760ED was tested as well as part of a Shuttle-Mir test.[13] ThinkPads were used in conjunction with a joystick for Portable In-Flight Landing Operations Trainer (PILOT).[54] Throughout 2006, a ThinkPad
ThinkPad
A31p was being used in the Service Module Central Post of the International Space Station
International Space Station
and seven ThinkPad A31p laptops were in service in orbit aboard the International Space Station.[49] As of 2010, the Space Station was equipped with 68 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
A31 computers along with 32 new Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T61p laptops plus a dedicated IP phone
IP phone
which also has limited video phone capabilities.[51] Work incorporating those laptops into the station's LAN
LAN
continued into June 2011.[55] All laptops aboard the ISS are connected to the station's LAN
LAN
via Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
and are connected to the ground at 3 Mbit/s up and 10 Mbit/s down, comparable to home DSL connection speeds.[51] Acquisition by Lenovo[edit]

The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
logo used by Lenovo
Lenovo
since 2007 (left) and the original IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
logo (right)

In 2005, Chinese technology company Lenovo
Lenovo
purchased the IBM
IBM
personal computer business and the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
brand along with it. Speaking of the purchase of IBM's personal computer division, Liu Chuanzhi
Liu Chuanzhi
said, "We benefited in three ways from the IBM
IBM
acquisition. We got the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
brand, IBM's more advanced PC manufacturing technology and the company's international resources, such as its global sales channels and operation teams. These three elements have shored up our sales revenue in the past several years."[3] Although Lenovo
Lenovo
acquired the right to use the IBM
IBM
brand name for five years after its acquisition of IBM's personal computer business, Lenovo
Lenovo
only used it for three years. Manufacturing[edit] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Brand shares its headquarters with Lenovo
Lenovo
in Morrisville, North Carolina where Lenovo
Lenovo
employs 3,500 workers. Each device made in the company's 240,000-square-foot Guilford County facility "is packed in a box that sports a red-white-and-blue sticker proclaiming "Whitsett, North Carolina."[38] In 2012, Lenovo
Lenovo
partially moved production of its ThinkPad
ThinkPad
line of computers to Japan. ThinkPads will be produced by NEC in Yonezawa, Yamagata.[56] Akaemi Watanabe, president of Lenovo
Lenovo
Japan, said, "As a Japanese, I am glad to see the return to domestic production and the goal is to realize full-scale production as this will improve our image and make the products more acceptable to Japanese customers."[57] In 2014, although sales rose 5.6 percent from the previous year, Lenovo
Lenovo
lost its position as the top commercial notebook maker.[38] However, the company will be celebrating a milestone in 2015 with the shipment of the 100 millionth unit of its ThinkPad
ThinkPad
line.[20] Batteries[edit] Some Lenovo
Lenovo
laptops block third-party batteries. Lenovo
Lenovo
calls this feature "Battery Safeguard." It was first introduced on some models in May 2012. Laptops with this feature scan for security chips that only ThinkPad-branded batteries contain. Some Lenovo
Lenovo
laptops flash a message stating "Genuine Lenovo
Lenovo
Battery Not Attached" when third-party batteries are used.[58][59] Recent models[edit] 25th anniversary Retro ThinkPad[edit]

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
25

Also known as ThinkPad
ThinkPad
25

Developer Lenovo

Manufacturer Lenovo

Type Classic Business Laptop

Release date 2017

Introductory price $1,899.00

Operating system Windows 10
Windows 10
Pro

CPU 7th Gen Intel
Intel
Core i7-7500U (2.7Ghz, 4MB)

Memory 16 GB DDR4

Storage 512 GB PCIe SSD

Display 14" FHD antiglare (1920 × 1080) IPS multitouch

Graphics NVIDIA GeForce 940MX 2GB GDDR5

Sound Stereo speakers with Dolby Audio Premium

Input Match-on-Chip Touch fingerprint reader Windows Hello with facial recognition Classic ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Keyboard With Blue Enter Key Special
Special
edition ThinkPad
ThinkPad
logo

Camera 720p HD IR Camera with dual array (noise cancelling) microphones

Touchpad Yes

Connectivity 3 × USB 3.0 1 × USB-C with Intel
Intel
Thunderbolt 3 1 × 3.5 mm Combo Audio Jack 1 × HDMI 1 × RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet Mechanical docking 4-in-1 Card Reader (SD, MMC, SDHC, SDXC) Smart Card Reader

Power 48 Whr up to 13.9 hours of battery life

Dimensions 336.6 mm × 232.5 mm × 19.95 mm 13.25" × 9.15" × .79"

Weight 1.6 kg (3.5 lb)

Lenovo
Lenovo
released the 25th anniversary Retro ThinkPad
ThinkPad
25 in October, 2017. The design is different from any other recent ThinkPad, because it has the classic keyboard with a 7-row layout that many of the older ThinkPads had, and the logo has changed in colors. The last ThinkPad models with 7-row keyboard were introduced in 2011.[60] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Yoga[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Yoga

Lenovo's ThinkPad Yoga
ThinkPad Yoga
in tent mode.

The ThinkPad Yoga
ThinkPad Yoga
is an Ultrabook-class convertible device that functions as both a laptop and tablet computer. The Yoga gets its name from the consumer-oriented IdeaPad
IdeaPad
Yoga line of computers with the same form factor. The ThinkPad Yoga
ThinkPad Yoga
has a backlit keyboard that flattens when flipped into tablet mode. This is accomplished with a platform surrounding the keys rises until level with the keyboard buttons, a locking mechanism that prevents key presses, and feet that pop out to prevent the keyboard from directly resting on flat surfaces. Lenovo
Lenovo
implemented this design in response to complaints about its earlier Yoga 13 and 11 models being awkward to use in tablet mode. A reinforced hinge was required to implement this design. Other than its convertible form factor, the ThinkPad Yoga
ThinkPad Yoga
is a rather standard ThinkPad
ThinkPad
device with a black magnesium-reinforced chassis, island keyboard, a red TrackPoint, and a large buttonless trackpad.[61] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Twist[edit] The Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Twist is a laptop/tablet computer hybrid aimed at high-end users. The Twist gets its name from its screen's ability to twist in a manner that converts the device into a tablet. The Twist has a 12.5" screen and makes use of Intel's Core i7 processor and SSD technology in lieu of a hard drive.[62] In a review for Engadget
Engadget
Dana Wollman wrote, "Lately, we feel like all of our reviews of Windows 8
Windows 8
convertibles end the same way. The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Twist has plenty going for it: a bright IPS display, a good port selection, an affordable price and an unrivaled typing experience. Like ThinkPads past, it also offers some useful software features for businesses lacking dedicated IT departments. All good things, but what's a road warrior to do when the battery barely lasts four hours? Something tells us the Twist will still appeal to Lenovo loyalists, folks who trust ThinkPad's build quality and wouldn't be caught dead using any other keyboard. If you're more brand-agnostic, though, there are other Windows 8
Windows 8
convertibles with comfortable keyboards – not to mention, sharper screens, faster performance and longer battery life."[63] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Helix[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Helix

The ThinkPad Helix
ThinkPad Helix
on display in Hong Kong

The Helix is a convertible laptop satisfying both tablet and conventional notebook users. It uses a "rip and flip" design that allows the user to detach the display and then replace it facing in a different direction. It sports an 11.6" Full HD (1920 × 1080) display, with support for Windows 8
Windows 8
multi-touch. As all essential processing hardware is contained in the display assembly and it has multitouch capability, the detached monitor can be used as a standalone tablet computer. The Helix's high-end hardware and build quality, including Gorilla Glass, stylus-based input, and Intel
Intel
vPro hardware-based security features, are designed to appeal to business users.[64] In a review published in Forbes Jason Evangelho wrote, "The first laptop I owned was a ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T20, and the next one may very likely be the ThinkPad Helix
ThinkPad Helix
which Lenovo
Lenovo
unveiled at CES 2013. In a sea of touch-inspired Windows 8
Windows 8
hardware, it's the first ultrabook convertible with a form factor that gets everything right. The first batch of Windows 8
Windows 8
ultrabooks get high marks for their inspired designs, but aren’t quite flexible enough to truly be BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) solutions. Lenovo's own IdeaPad
IdeaPad
Yoga came close, but the sensation of feeling the keyboard underneath your fingers when transformed into tablet mode was slightly jarring. Dell‘s XPS 12 solved that problem with its clever rotating hinge design, but I wanted the ability to remove the tablet display entirely from both of those products."[65] Tablets[edit] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Tablet[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Tablet

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Tablet

Released in August 2011,[66] the ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
is the first in Lenovo's line of business-oriented Tablets with the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
brand. The tablet has been described by Gadget Mix as a premium business tablet.[67] Since the Tablet is primarily business-oriented, it includes features for security, such as anti-theft software, the ability to remotely disable the tablet, SD card encryption, layered data encryption, and Cisco
Cisco
Virtual Private Network (VPN).[68] Additionally, the ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
is able to run software such as IBM's Lotus Notes Traveler.[69] The stylus could be used to write notes on the Tablet, which also included software to convert this handwritten content to text.[69] Another feature on the Tablet was a drag-and-drop utility designed to take advantage of the Tablet's touch capabilities.[69] This feature could be used to transfer data between USB devices, internal storage, or an SD card.[69] Slashgear summarized the ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
by saying, "The stylus and the styling add up to a distinctive slate that doesn’t merely attempt to ape Apple's iPad."[70] ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2[edit] Main article: ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2

ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2

In order to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the ThinkPad, Lenovo held a large party in New York where it announced several products, including the Tablet 2. Lenovo
Lenovo
says that the ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2 will be available on 28 October 2012 when Windows 8
Windows 8
is released.[71] The ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2 runs the Windows 8
Windows 8
Professional operating system. It will be able to run any desktop software compatible with this version of Windows.[71][72] The Tablet 2 is based on the Clover Trail version of the Intel
Intel
Atom processor that has been customized for tablets. The Tablet 2 has 2 gigabytes of RAM and a 64-gigabyte SSD. The Tablet 2 has a 10.1-inch IPS display with a 16:9 aspect ratio and a resolution of 1,366 by 768. In a preview, CNET
CNET
wrote, " Windows 8
Windows 8
looked readable and functional, both in Metro and standard Windows-based interfaces." A mini-HDMI port is included for video output. An 8-megapixel rear camera and a 2-megapixel front camera are included along with a noise-canceling microphone in order to facilitate video conferencing.[71][72] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
8[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
8 Announced and released in January 2014, the ThinkPad 8
ThinkPad 8
is based on the Intel's Bay Trail Atom Z3770 processor, with 2 GB of RAM and up to 128 GB of built-in storage. ThinkPad 8
ThinkPad 8
has an 8.3-inch IPS display with a 16:10 aspect ratio and a resolution of 1920 by 1200 pixels. Other features include an aluminum chassis, micro-HDMI port, 8-megapixel back camera (with flash), and optional 4G connectivity. It runs Windows 8
Windows 8
as an operating system.[73] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
10[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
10 Announced in May 2014, Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad 10 is a successor to the ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2 and was scheduled to launch in the summer of 2014 along with accessories such as a docking station and external detachable magnetic keyboards. It used Windows 8.1 Pro as its operating system. It was available in 64 and 128 GB variants with 1.6 GHz quad-core Intel Atom
Intel Atom
Baytrail processor and 2 GB or 4 GB of RAM. It optionally supported both 3G and 4G (LTE). Display resolution was announced to be 1920×1200, paired with a stylus pen.[74] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X1 Tablet[edit] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X1 Tablet is a fanless tablet powered by Core M CPUs. It's available with 4, 8 or 16 GB of LPDDR3 RAM and SATA or a PCIe NVMe SSDs with up to 1 TB. It has a 2160x1440 IPS screen and supports touch and pen input.[75] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
13[edit] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
13 is a "budget" laptop computer with a 13-inch screen. Versions running Windows 10
Windows 10
and Google's Chrome OS are options. The most powerful configuration has a Skylake Core i5 processor and a 512-gigabyte SSD. Connectivity includes HDMI, USB 3.0, OneLink+, USB Type-C, etc. It weights 2.3 pounds and measures about 10mm in width.[76] As of 2017, a second generation Ultrabook model has been released with up to a Kaby Lake Core i7 processor and a FHD touchscreen available in certain countries. ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Stack[edit] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Stack line of products includes accessories designed for portability and interoperability. This line includes external hard drives, a wireless router, a power bank, and a Bluetooth 4.0 speaker. Each Stack device includes rubber feet, magnets, and pogo-pin power connections that allow the use of a single cable. The combined weight of all the Stack devices is slightly less than two pounds. The Stack series was announced in January 2015 at the International CES.[77] The Stack series of accessories was expanded at the 2016 International CES to include a 720p resolution projector with 150 lumens of brightness and a wireless charging station.[78] The Stack has a "blocky, black, and rectangular" look with the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
logo. It shares a common design language with ThinkPad
ThinkPad
laptop computers.[79] A Series (2017)[edit] In September 2017 Lenovo
Lenovo
have announced two ThinkPad
ThinkPad
models featuring AMD’s PRO chipset technology – the A275 and A475.[80] This sees the revival of the A Series nameplate not seen since the early 2000s when ThinkPads were under IBM's ownership, however it is likely the "A" moniker emphasised that it uses AMD technology rather than comparative product segment (workstation class) of the previous line.[81] While this isn’t the first time Lenovo
Lenovo
had offered an AMD derived ThinkPad, it is the first to be released as an alternative premium offering to the established T Series and X Series ThinkPads where it uses Intel
Intel
chipsets instead. A275[edit] The A275 is a 12.5" ultraportable based off the Intel
Intel
derived X270 model. Weighing in at 2.9 pounds (1.31 kg) this model features AMD Bristol Ridge APU’s, AMD Radeon R7 graphics and AMD DASH (Desktop and mobile Architecture for System Hardware) for enterprise computing. A475[edit] The A475 is a 14" mainstream portable computer based off the Intel derived T470 model. Weighing at 3.48 pounds (1.57 kg), like the A275 it features AMD Bristol Ridge APU’s, AMD Radeon R7 graphics and AMD DASH (Desktop and mobile Architecture for System Hardware) for enterprise computing. E Series[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
E Series The E Series line of laptops replaced Lenovo's Edge Series. The E Series is designed for engineers, architects, animators, etc. P Series[edit] The P Series line of laptops replaced Lenovo's W Series. The P Series (excluding models with 's' suffix) is designed for engineers, architects, animators, etc. and comes with a variety of "high-end" options such as Intel
Intel
Xeon processors, 4K screens and DDR4 RAM up to 64 GB. 1080p screens and Core Series CPUs come standard. PCIe SSDs also come standard. P Series models all included fingerprint readers. The P Series uses a cooling system known as FLEX that features two fans connected by a heat pipe and located near the CPU and GPU. A three-button touchpad is included.[82] First generation[edit] P50[edit]

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P50

Also known as ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P50

Developer Lenovo

Manufacturer Lenovo

Type Mobile Workstation

Introductory price $1,385.10

Operating system Windows 10
Windows 10
Pro

CPU 6th Generation Intel
Intel
Core i7-6820HQ Processor (8MB Cache, up to 3.60GHz) Intel
Intel
Xeon E3-1505M v5 Processor (8MB Cache, up to 3.70GHz)

Memory 64GB DDR4 2133 MHz

Storage 1TB 5400 RPM 1TB PCIe SSD

Display 15.6" FHD (1920x1080) Anti-Glare IPS

Graphics NVIDIA Quadro M1000M 4GB

Input ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Precision Keyboard with Numeric Keypad and Backlit (Optional) Mouse Fingerprint Reader

Camera Yes

Touchpad Yes

Connectivity 4 USB 3.0, 1 Always-on Charging 1 HDMI 1.4 1 Mini DisplayPort 1.2 1 Thunderbolt 3 1 RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet 1 Docking Connector 1 Microphone / Headphone Combo Jack 1 Smart Card Reader (Optional) 1 ExpressCard / 34 mm 1 SDXC Integrated 4-in-1 SD Card Reader (SD, SDHC, SDXC, MMC)

Power 170 W AC Adapter 6 Cell (90 WHr)

Dimensions (inches) : 14.86" × 9.93" × 0.96" - 1.02" (mm) : 377.4 × 252.3 × 24.5 - 25.9

Weight 2.5 kg (5.5 lb)

Successor ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51

The P50 has a 15-inch display. It supports up to three internal storage devices and has a single USB Type-C Thunderbolt 3 port. It weighs 2.54 kilograms and has a thickness of 2.59 centimeters.[82] P70[edit]

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P70

Also known as ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P70

Developer Lenovo

Manufacturer Lenovo

Type Mobile Workstation

Introductory price $1,889.10

Operating system Windows 10
Windows 10
Pro

CPU 6th Generation Intel
Intel
Core i7-6820HQ Processor (8MB Cache, up to 3.60GHz) Intel
Intel
Xeon E3-1505M v5 Processor (8MB Cache, up to 3.70GHz)

Memory 64GB DDR4 2133 MHz

Storage 1TB HDD 5400 RPM + 500GB 7200 RPM with Adapter 1TB PCIe SSD

Display 17.3" 4K (3840 × 2160) Anti-Glare IPS

Graphics NVIDIA Quadro M3000M NVIDIA Quadro M4000M 4GB NVIDIA Quadro M5000M 8GB

Input ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Precision Keyboard with Numeric Keypad and Backlit (Optional) Mouse (TrackPoint+trackpad) Fingerprint Reader

Camera Yes

Touchpad Yes

Connectivity 4 USB 3.0, 1 Always-on Charging 1 HDMI 1.4 1 Mini DisplayPort 1.2 1 Thunderbolt 3 1 RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet 1 Docking Connector 1 Microphone / Headphone Combo Jack 1 Smart Card Reader (Optional) 1 ExpressCard / 34 mm 1 SDXC Integrated 4-in-1 SD Card Reader (SD, SDHC, SDXC, MMC)

Power 170 W, 230 W 8 Cell (96 WHr)

Dimensions (inches) : 16.4" × 10.8" × 1.17" - 1.2" (mm) : 416 × 275.5 × 29.9 - 31.5

Weight 3.43 kg (7.6 lb)

Successor ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P71

The P70 has a 17-inch display. It weighs 3.45 kilograms and is 3.05 centimeters thick. It supports up to four internal storage devices and includes two USB Type-C Thunderbolt 3 ports.[82] P50s[edit]

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P50s[83]

Also known as ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P50s

Developer Lenovo

Manufacturer Lenovo

Type Mobile Workstation

CPU 7th Generation Intel
Intel
Core i7

Memory Base: 8GiB DDR3L-1600, max 32GiB (2 memory slots, single channel)

Storage Samsung PM871 MZYLN256HCHP (256GB)

Display 15.5" (1366x768/1920x1080/2880x1620) IPS

Graphics NVIDIA Quadro M500M 2GiB DDR3 (Core: 1124MHz, Memory: 1001MHz)

Input ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Precision Keyboard with Numeric Keypad and Backlit (Optional) Mouse (TrackPoint+trackpad) Fingerprint Reader

Camera Yes

Touchpad Yes

Connectivity 3 USB 3.0, 1 Always-on Charging 1 HDMI 1 mini-DisplayPort 1 RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet 1 Docking Connector 1 Microphone / Headphone Combo Jack 1 Smart Card Reader (Optional) Secured Digital media card reader (SDHC/SDXC/MMC, CPRM not supported) Micro-SIM-card slot

Dimensions 380.60 mm × 258.20 mm × 22.45 mm (14.984 in × 10.165 in × 0.884 in)

Predecessor ThinkPad
ThinkPad
W550s

Successor ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51s

Related articles ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T560

ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P50s (20FKS00400) is an update of ThinkPad
ThinkPad
W550s, focused on mobility.[84] The design generation is based on ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T560. Second generation[edit] P51[edit]

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51[85]

Also known as ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51

Developer Lenovo

Manufacturer Lenovo

Type Mobile Workstation

CPU 7th Generation Intel
Intel
Core i7 Intel
Intel
Xeon E3-1500 v6 series

Memory Base: 16GiB DDR4-2400, max 64GiB (2 memory slots, dual channel), optional ECC

Storage 7-mm height hard disk drive M.2 solid state drive (PCIe 3.0 x4), max 2 M.2 options: Samsung PM961 NVMe MZVLW512HMJP (512GB)

Display 15.6" (1920x1080/3840x2160) IPS, multitouch optional

Graphics NVIDIA Quadro M2200 4GiB GDDR5 SDRAM (Core: 1038MHz) NVIDIA Quadro M520

Input ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Precision Keyboard with Numeric Keypad and Backlit (Optional) Mouse (TrackPoint+trackpad) Fingerprint Reader

Camera Yes

Touchpad Yes

Connectivity 4 USB 3.0, 1 Always-on Charging USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 connector 1 HDMI 1 mini-DisplayPort 1 RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet 1 Docking Connector (optional) 1 Microphone / Headphone Combo Jack 1 Smart Card Reader (Optional) Secured Digital media card reader (SDHC/SDXC/MMC, CPRM not supported) Micro-SIM-card slot (optional) ExpressCard slot

Dimensions 377.4 mm × 252.83 mm (14.858 in × 9.954 in) (width × depth) Thickness: 24.5 mm (0.96 in) to 29.4 mm (1.16 in) (touch)/32.7 mm (1.29 in) (non-touch)

Predecessor ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P50

Mainboard chipset was changed to Intel
Intel
CM238.[86] P71[edit]

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P71[87]

Also known as ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P71

Developer Lenovo

Manufacturer Lenovo

Type Mobile Workstation

CPU 7th Generation Intel
Intel
Core i7 Intel
Intel
Xeon E3-1500 v6 series

Memory Base: 16GiB DDR4-2400, max 64GiB (4 memory slots, dual channel), optional ECC

Storage 7-mm height hard disk drive M.2 solid state drive (PCIe 3.0 x4), max 2 M.2 options: Samsung PM961 NVMe MZVLW512HMJP (512GB)

Display 17.3" (1920x1080/3840x2160) IPS, multitouch optional

Graphics NVIDIA Quadro P3000 6GiB GDDR5 SDRAM (Core: 1240MHz, Memory: 1752MHz)

Sound Intel
Intel
A171 ( Intel
Intel
CM238 HD Audio)

Input ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Precision Keyboard with Numeric Keypad and Backlit (Optional) Mouse (TrackPoint+trackpad) Fingerprint Reader

Camera Yes

Touchpad Yes

Connectivity 4 USB 3.0, 1 Always-on Charging 2 USB-C gen 2/Thunderbolt 3 connector 1 HDMI 1.4b 1 mini-DisplayPort 1 RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet 1 Docking Connector 1 Microphone / Headphone Combo Jack 1 Smart Card Reader (Optional) Secured Digital media card reader (SDHC/SDXC/MMC, CPRM not supported) Micro-SIM-card slot ExpressCard/34 slot optical drive bay (optional)

Dimensions 416 mm × 275.5 mm (16.4 in × 10.8 in) (width × depth) Thickness: 29.9 mm (1.18 in) to 34.2 mm (1.35 in) (without rubber feet)

Predecessor ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P70

Mainboard chipset was changed to Intel
Intel
CM238. Optional optical drive is HL-DT-ST DVDRAM GUD0N.[88] P51s[edit]

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51s[89]

Also known as ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51s

Developer Lenovo

Manufacturer Lenovo

Type Mobile Workstation

CPU 7th Generation Intel
Intel
Core i7

Memory Base: 16GiB DDR4-2400, max 32GiB (2 memory slots, single channel)

Storage 7-mm height hard disk drive Samsung SSD PM961 1TB(1024GB) M.2 PCIe 3.0 x4 NVMe (MZVLW1T0) (optional)

Display 15.6" (1920x1080/3840x2160) IPS, multitouch optional

Graphics NVIDIA Quadro M520 2GiB 64-bit GDDR5 SDRAM (Core: 965-1176MHz, Memory: 1253MHz)

Input ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Precision Keyboard with Numeric Keypad and Backlit (Optional) Mouse (TrackPoint+trackpad) Fingerprint Reader

Camera Yes

Touchpad Yes

Connectivity 3 USB 3.0, 1 Always-on Charging USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 connector 1 HDMI 1 mini-DisplayPort 1 RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet 1 Docking Connector 1 Microphone / Headphone Combo Jack 1 Smart Card Reader (Optional) Secured Digital media card reader (SDHC/SDXC/MMC, CPRM not supported) Micro-SIM-card slot

Dimensions 365.8 mm × 252.8 mm (14.40 in × 9.95 in) (width × depth), 19.95 mm (0.785 in) to 20.2 mm (0.80 in) (thickness)

Predecessor ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51s

Related articles ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T570

The design is based on ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T570.[90]. Mainboard chipset was changed to Kaby Lake-U. T Series[edit]

An ultraportable IBM
IBM
X31 with an IBM
IBM
T43 notebook

Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T Series The T Series historically had high-end features, such as magnesium alloy rollcages, high-density IPS screens known as FlexView (discontinued after the T60 series), 7-row keyboards, screen latches, the Lenovo
Lenovo
UltraBay, and ThinkLight. Models included both 14.1-inch and 15.4-inch displays available in 4:3 and 16:10 aspect ratios. Since 2012 the entire ThinkPad
ThinkPad
line was given a complete overhaul, with modifications such as the removal of separate buttons for use with the TrackPoint
TrackPoint
(reintroduced 2015), removal of separate audio control buttons, removal of screen latch, and the removal of LED indicator lights. Some of new ultra-portable models, such as T430u and T431s, have non-replaceable batteries; newer models have a combination of built-in and replaceable battery, enabling the user to switch the replaceable without putting the computer into hibernation. Also, non-widescreen displays are no longer available, with 16:9 aspect ratio as the only remaining choice. W Series[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
W Series The W Series was introduced in 2008 to replace the p-suffixed performance T Series (e.g. T61p), and are geared towards CAD users, photographers, power users, and others, who need a high-performance system for demanding tasks. The W530 was released in June 2012. Minimum specifications include an Intel
Intel
Core i5 (or i7) CPU, 15.6" HD screen, Nvidia Quadro K1000M graphics processor and four DIMM slots capable of accepting up to a maximum of 32 GB of RAM. Previously available were the W7xx series (17" widescreen model), the W500 (15.4" 16:10 ratio model), the W510 (15.6" 16:9 ratio model), and W520 (15.6" 16:9 ratio model). The W700DS and the W701DS both had two displays: a 17" main LCD and a 10" slide-out secondary LCD. The W7xx series were also available with a Wacom digitizer built into the palm rest. These high-performance workstation models offer better screens and faster components, such as quad core CPUs and higher-end workstation graphics compared to the T-series, and are the most powerful ThinkPad
ThinkPad
laptops available. These retain the ThinkLight, UltraBay, roll cage, and lid latch found on the T-series. The W7xx line has been discontinued. X Series[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X Series

Two X60 units running Libreboot

The X Series is the main ultraportable ThinkPad
ThinkPad
line, offering a lightweight, highly portable laptop with moderate performance. The 12" X200-series carries all the high-end ThinkPad
ThinkPad
features like a ThinkLight, 7-row keyboard, and rollcage. The 11.6" X100e and X120e though are all plastic, lacking both the latch and the ThinkLight, and using a variant of the island keyboard (known as chiclet keyboard) found on the Edge series. The X100e was also offered in red in addition to blue, and white in some countries.[91] Those were more like high-end netbooks, whereas the X200 series were more like full ultraportables, featuring Intel
Intel
i series CPUs rather than AMD netbook CPUs. The 12.5" X220 features a roll cage, Thinklight, 7-row keyboard, and an optional premium IPS display, the first IPS display on a ThinkPad
ThinkPad
since the T60p. However, it lacks lid latch (which the previous X201 and X200 had). A 13.3" thin and light line was offered (the X300/X301), though it has been discontinued. A slim 12" line (X201s) with low voltage CPUs and high resolution displays was also offered, though they were also discontinued. The X Series tablet is a variant of the 12" X Series models, with low voltage CPUs and a flip-screen tablet screen. These include the traditional ThinkPad
ThinkPad
features, and have been noted for using a higher quality AFFS-type screen with better viewing angles compared to the screens used on other ThinkPads. A 12.5" X220T model is available. L Series[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
L Series The L Series replaced the former R Series, and is positioned as a mid-range ThinkPad
ThinkPad
offering with second generation Core i3/i5/i7 CPUs. The L Series as launched had two models, the 14" L412 and the 15.6" L512. In March 2011, Lenovo
Lenovo
revamped the series to launch the 14" L420/L421 and the 15" L520/L521. S Series[edit] The S Series is positioned as a mid-range ThinkPad
ThinkPad
offering, containing ultrabooks derived from the Edge Series. As of August 2013, the S Series includes S531 and S440 models; their cases are made of aluminum and magnesium alloy, available in silver and gunmetal colors.[29] Edge Series[edit] Main article: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Edge The Edge Series was released early in 2010 as small business and consumer-end machines. The design was a radical departure compared to the traditional black boxy ThinkPad
ThinkPad
design, with glossy surfaces (optional matte finish on later models), rounded corners, and silver trim. They were also offered in red, a first for the traditionally black ThinkPads. Like the SL, this series was targeted towards small businesses and consumers, and lack the roll cage, UltraBay, lid latch, and ThinkLight
ThinkLight
of traditional ThinkPads (though the 2011 E220s and E420s had ThinkLights).[92] This also introduced an island-style keyboard with a significantly different layout. Models included 12.5"(E220, E220s) 13.3" (Edge 13), 14"(Edge 14, E420, E420s), and 15.6" (Edge 15, E520, E545[93]) sizes. An 11.6" Edge 11 model was offered, but not available in the United States.[94] Discontinued models[edit] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Reserve Edition[edit] This model was initially known inside of Lenovo
Lenovo
as the "Scout." This was the name of the horse ridden by Tonto, the sidekick from the 1950s television series The Lone Ranger. Lenovo
Lenovo
envisioned the Scout as a very high-end ThinkPad
ThinkPad
that would be analogous to a luxury car. Each unit was covered in fine leather embossed with its owners initials. Extensive market research was conducted on how consumers would perceive this form factor. It was determined that they appreciated that it emphasised warmth, nature, and human relations over technology. The Scout was soon renamed the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Reserve Edition. It came bundled with premium services including a dedicated 24-hour technical support hotline that would be answered immediately. It was released in 2007 and sold for $5,000 in the United States.[95][96] ThinkPad
ThinkPad
235[edit] The Japan-only ThinkPad
ThinkPad
235 (or Type 2607), was the progeny of the IBM/Ricoh RIOS project. Also known as Clavius or Chandra2, it contains unusual features like the presence of three PCMCIA slots and the use of dual camcorder batteries as a source of power. Features an Intel Pentium MMX
Pentium MMX
233 MHz CPU, support for up to 160 MB of EDO memory, and a built-in 2.5 in (64 mm) hard drive with UDMA support. Hitachi
Hitachi
marketed Chandra2 as the Prius Note 210. ThinkPad
ThinkPad
240[edit] The ultraportable ThinkPad
ThinkPad
240 (X, Z) started with an Intel
Intel
Celeron processor and went up to the 600 MHz Intel
Intel
Pentium III. In models using the Intel
Intel
440BX chipset, the RAM was expandable to 320 MB max with a BIOS update. With a 10.4 in (260 mm) screen and an 18 mm (0.71 in) key pitch (a standard key pitch is 19 mm (0.75 in)). They were also one of the first ThinkPad series to contain a built-in Mini PCI
Mini PCI
card slot (form factor 3b). The 240s have no optical disc drives and an external floppy drive. An optional extended battery sticks out the bottom like a bar and props up the back of the laptop. Weighing in at 2.9 lb (1.3 kg), these were the smallest and lightest ThinkPads ever made. 300 Series[edit] The 300-series (300, 310, 340, 350, 360, 365, 380, 385, 390 (all with various sub-series)) was a long-running value series starting at the 386SL/25 processor, all the way to the Pentium III
Pentium III
450. The 300 series was offered as a slightly lower-price alternative from the 700 series,[97] with a few exceptions. The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
360PE was a unique model in the series in that it could be used as a regular laptop, or transform into a tablet by flipping the monitor on top of itself. Retailing for $3,699 in 1995, the 360PE featured a touch sensitive monitor that operated with the stylus; the machine could run operating systems that supported the touch screen such as PenDOS 2.2.[98]

An IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
310ED and a 760ED, both from the 1996–97 era. The 760ED boasts the unique flip-up keyboard that was standard on all 760 ThinkPads

The 360PE opened in its 'natural' mode

The 360PE in mid-fold showing how the monitor rotates over the unit

The 360PE folded in its 'tablet' mode allowing the laptop to be held as a tablet would

The 360PE's keyboard opens up on hinges for easy serviceability

An IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
390 running Windows 98 SE

An IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
390 with the lid closed

IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
390 charging/standby indication lights

Back view of an IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
390, showing the PS/2, DB15, DB9, VGA and charger ports

500 Series[edit] The 500-series (500, 510, 560 (E, X, Z), 570 (E)) were the main line of the ultraportable ThinkPads. Starting with the 486SLC2-50 Blue Lightning to the Pentium III
Pentium III
500, these machines had only a hard disk on board. Any other drives were external (or in the 570's case in the UltraBase). They weighed in at around 4 lb (1.8 kg). 600 Series[edit] The 600-series (600, 600E, and 600X) are the direct predecessors of the T series. The 600-series packed a 12.1 in (310 mm) SVGA or a 13.3 in (340 mm) XGA TFT LCD, Pentium MMX, Pentium II or III processor, full-sized keyboard, and optical bay into a package weighing roughly 5 lb (2.3 kg). IBM
IBM
was able to create this light, fully featured machine by using lightweight but strong carbon fiber composite plastics. The battery shipped with some 600-series models had a manufacturing defect that left it vulnerable to memory effect and resulted in poor battery life, but this problem can be avoided by use of a third-party battery. 700 Series[edit] The 700 Series (700, 701, 720, 730 (tablet), 750, 755, 760, 765, 770 with various sub-models) were once considered cutting-edge Intel-based ThinkPads. They featured the best screens, largest hard drives and fastest processors available at the time. This was the first successful ThinkPad
ThinkPad
introduced in 1992 (the first ThinkPad
ThinkPad
was a tablet PC without a keyboard and a mouse). 800 Series[edit] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
800 Series (800/820/821/822/823/850/851/860) were unique as they were based on the PowerPC
PowerPC
architecture rather than the Intel x86 architecture. Most of the 800 Series laptops used the PowerPC
PowerPC
603e CPU, at speeds of 100 MHz, or 166 MHz in the 860 model, although the earliest 800 (Type 6020), the direct ancestor of the 850, used a 603 and was apparently only offered to developers.[99] All units used SCSI-2 instead of IDE hard disks, and the ID of every SCSI device on the system could be configured in the cursor driven GUI-based BIOS. Another unusual aspect of the series is their unique startup chime, reminiscent of Apple Macintosh
Macintosh
computers of the time. The PowerPC
PowerPC
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
line was considerably more expensive than the standard x86 ThinkPads—even a modestly configured 850 cost upwards of $12,000.[100] On the other hand, the 800, 850 and 851 (and later the 860 and 861) were capable of supporting an optional web camera, one of the first commercially available webcams available on a laptop.[101] These units could also record PAL and NTSC signals with onboard composite connectors, and the batteries contained internal processors to regulate power usage for optimized battery longevity.[102] All of the PowerPC
PowerPC
ThinkPads could run Windows NT
Windows NT
3.5 and 4.0,[103] OS/2
OS/2
Warp Connect PowerPC
PowerPC
Edition, AIX 4.1.x, and Solaris Desktop 2.5.1 PowerPC
PowerPC
Edition. Many of these PowerPC
PowerPC
operating systems and the corresponding compilers are very scarce and hard to find. However, it is also possible to run certain PowerPC
PowerPC
versions of Linux on the 800 Series.[104]

800 820 821/822/823 850 851 860

System Type 6020 6040 7247 6042 7249 7249

Announced 1994/08/11[99] 1995/06/19 1996/02/20 1995/06/19 1996/02/20 1996/10/08

Withdrawn ??? 1996/03/20 1996/07/26 1996/03/20 1996/11/08 1998/01/30

CPU 603 @ 66 MHz 603e @ 100 MHz 603e @ 100 MHz 603e @ 100 MHz 603e @ 100 MHz 603e @ 166 MHz

GPU GT10 GT10 GT10 GT10 GT10 GT20

Memory Bus 32-bit 32-bit 32-bit 64-bit 64-bit 64-bit

Maximum Memory 80 MB 48 MB 48 MB 96 MB 96 MB 96 MB

LCD and Resolution 10.4" @ 640x480 10.4" @ 640x480 or 800x600 10.4" @ 640x480 or 800x600 10.4" @ 640x480 or 800x600 10.4" @ 640x480 or 800x600 12.1" @ 1024x768

Video Capture built-in optional optional built-in built-in built-in

An IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
850 with its custom IBM-branded Logitech Chroma mouse

The PowerPC
PowerPC
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
logo as found on the 850 carrying case; similar to Lenovo's redesigned logo with the red dotted i

Z Series[edit] The Z series was released as a high-end multimedia laptop; as a result this was the first ThinkPad
ThinkPad
to feature a widescreen (16:10 aspect ratio) display.[105][106] The Z-Series was also unique in that certain models featured an (optional) titanium lid.[107] Integrated WWAN and a webcam were also found on some configurations. The series has only ever included the Z60 (Z60m and Z60t) and Z61 (Z61m, Z61t and Z61p); the latter of which is the first Z-Series ThinkPad
ThinkPad
with Intel
Intel
"Yonah" Dual Core Technology. The processor supports Intel
Intel
VT-x; this is disabled in the BIOS but can be turned on with a BIOS update. Running fully virtualised operating systems via Xen
Xen
or VMware
VMware
is therefore possible.[108] Despite the Z61 carrying the same number as the T61, the hardware of the Z61 is closer to a T60 (and likewise the Z60 being closer to a T43).

The Z61 featuring a titanium lid (note the duality of colors)

The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Z61t accompanied by a silver ScrollPoint Pro

The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Z61t opened showing the internal keyboard

SL Series[edit] The SL Series was launched in 2008 as a low-end ThinkPad
ThinkPad
targeted mainly geared toward small businesses.[109] These lacked several traditional ThinkPad
ThinkPad
features, such as the ThinkLight, magnesium alloy roll cage, UltraBay, and lid latch, and use a 6-row keyboard with a different layout than the traditional 7-row ThinkPad
ThinkPad
keyboard. Models offered included 14" (SL400 and SL410) and 15.6" (SL500 and SL510). A 13.3" model (SL300) was previously offered, but discontinued. A Series[edit] The A-series was developed as an all-around productivity machine, equipped with hardware powerful enough to make it a desktop replacement. Hence it was the biggest and heaviest ThinkPad
ThinkPad
series of its time, but also had features not even found in a T-series of the same age. The A-series was dropped in favor of the G-series and R-series. The A31 was released in 2002 as a desktop replacement system equipped with: A Pentium 4-M processor clocked at 1.6, 1.8, 1.9, or 2.0 GHz (max supported is a 2.6 GHz), An ATI Mobility Radeon 7500, 128 or 256 MB of PC2100 RAM (officially upgradable to 1 GB but can be unofficially upgraded to 2 GB), IBM
IBM
High Rate Wireless (PRISM 2.5 Based, can be modified to support WPA-TKIP) and equipped with a 20, 30, or 40 GB hard disk drive. G Series[edit] The G-series consisted of only three models, the G40, G41 and G50. Being large and heavy machines, equipped with powerful desktop processors, this line of ThinkPads consequently served mainly as replacements for desktop computers. R Series[edit] The R Series was a budget line, beginning with the R30 in 2001 and ending with the R500 in 2008.

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
R500

Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
R500 (lid closed)

IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
R51

IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
R32

i Series[edit] The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
i Series was introduced by IBM
IBM
in 1999 and was geared towards a multimedia focus with many models featuring independent integrated CD players and multimedia access buttons.[110] The 1400 and 1500 models were designed by Acer for IBM
IBM
under contract and featured similar hardware found in Acer laptops (including ALi chipsets, three way audio jacks and the internal plastics painted with a copper paint).[111] Some of the i Series ThinkPads, particularly the Acer developed models, are prone to broken hinges and stress damage on the chassis. One notable ThinkPad
ThinkPad
in the i Series lineup are the S3x (S30/S31) models: featuring a unique keyboard and lid design allowing a standard size keyboard to fit in a chassis that otherwise wouldn't be able to support the protruding keyboard. These models were largely only available in Asia Pacific. IBM
IBM
offered an optional piano black lid on these models (designed by the Yamato Design lab).[112] This is the only ThinkPad
ThinkPad
since the 701C to feature a special design to accommodate a keyboard that's physically larger than the laptop and also the only ThinkPad
ThinkPad
(aside from the Z61) to deviate away from the standard matte lid.

The ThinkPad
ThinkPad
S31 with the piano black finish option sitting on top of a Z61t; both ThinkPads deviate from the usual matte black.

The S31 with the lid open showing the unique protruding keyboard; no touchpad was offered, to keep the laptop compact.

An IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
1400 i Series with the integrated CD-Player and customizable multimedia access buttons

See also[edit]

Information technology portal

IdeaPad Lenovo
Lenovo
UltraBay List of IBM
IBM
products ThinkCentre HP EliteBook

References[edit]

^ "25 Years of ThinkPad: The Best and Most Innovative".  ^ "The History of the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Name".  ^ a b c d e f Hamm, Steve (2008). The Race for Perfect – Inside the Quest To Design the Ultimate Portable Computer' '. New York City: McGraw-Hill. ^ a b " IBM
IBM
Highlights, 1990 -1995" (PDF). IBM. December 2001. Retrieved May 11, 2008.  ^ Thinkpads.com, "How did the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
get its name?" (title appears //www.thinkpads.com/start.htm here). Archived from the original on 2007-09-22. ^ "'Father of the ThinkPad', Arimasa Naitoh, on the notebook's past, present and future".  ^ a b Dignan, Larry. "Lenovo's ThinkPad
ThinkPad
turns 25: Here are 25 facts to know - ZDNet".  ^ "How the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Changed the World—and Is Shaping the Future". skyhorsepublishing.com.  ^ "Lenovo's ThinkPad
ThinkPad
doyen Arimasa Naitoh speaks about life, liberty and the T400s".  ^ " IBM
IBM
Archives: 1992". IBM. Retrieved May 12, 2008.  ^ " ThinkPad
ThinkPad
turns 20: how IBM's 'black box' defined the laptop industry".  ^ "Notebooks May Hold Key to I.B.M.'s Revival". The New York Times. 23 June 1993.  ^ a b c d e " Shuttle-Mir
Shuttle-Mir
History/Science/ISS Risk Mitigation/Test of Portable Computer System (TPCS) Hardware".  ^ a b c d e Sakakibara, K., " IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
700C Notebook Computer Case″, Centre for Design Management - London Business School, 1994. ^ Golden, Peter "Big Blue's big adventure". EDN Network. January 1999.  ^ a b c d Hardy, Tom (1998). "Design Saves The Brand". Academia.edu.  ^ a b c Webb, M., (2002), Richard Sapper, San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2002. ^ Hamm, Steve, ″Richard Sapper: Fifty years at the Drawing Board″, Business Week, January 9, 2008. ^ " Richard Sapper
Richard Sapper
and the Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X300". Lenovovideolibrary.com. 2008-02-26.  ^ a b Yin, Dave (2015-02-13). "100 million later: A look back at ThinkPad". Computer Dealer News. Retrieved 2015-02-2015.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ a b c d Dell, D.; Purdy, G., ThinkPad: A Different Shade of Blue. Indianapolis: Sams/Mcmillan, 1999. ^ "25 Years of PC Magazine: Year Eleven/1992". PC Magazine.  ^ " Richard Sapper
Richard Sapper
Industrial Designer". North Carolina State University.  ^ "David Hill: Richard Sapper". Lenovoblogs.com. 2006-07-13.  ^ a b "David Hill: ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Spirit & Essence". Lenovoblogs.com. 2012-10-05.  ^ NOTCOT (April 29, 2010). "Porsche 911 Evolution".  ^ "MoMA The Collection: Richard Sapper, Sam Lucente, Robert Tennant and IBM
IBM
Corporation, ThinkPad
ThinkPad
701 Portable Computer, 1995". The Museum of Modern Art. 2010-09-30.  ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2, X1 Carbon Debut at MoMA Anniversary Bash - Desktops and Notebooks - News & Reviews - eWeek.com".  ^ a b Tobias Winkler (2013-08-30). "Review Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
S440 Touch Ultrabook". notebookcheck.net. Retrieved 2013-12-24.  ^ "Enthusiasts bring classic ThinkPad
ThinkPad
designs to the modern era".  ^ http://fortune.com/2013/01/08/change-the-thinkpad-and-it-will-die/ ^ https://www.laptopmag.com/articles/thinkpad-type-off-is-lenovos-new-island-style-keyboard-better-or-worse ^ https://www.rossmanngroup.com/lenovo-retro-thinkpad-piece-junk/ ^ Bsales, Jamie (2006). " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T60: Light business notebook with performance to spare". Laptop Magazine. Retrieved June 3, 2011.  ^ "Is Tech Support Getting Worse? - Notebooks - Reviews by PC Magazine". Pcmag.com. 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ "The 19th Annual Reader Satisfaction Survey - Readers' Choice: Notebooks Survey - News and Analysis by PC Magazine". Pcmag.com. 2006-08-21. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ "Best of 2004". PC World. 2004-06-02. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ a b c Ranii, David (2015-02-04). "After 100 million sold, Lenovo's ThinkPad
ThinkPad
laptop still going strong". The News & Observer. Retrieved 2015-03-10.  ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
- цена, характеристики, мнения". GigaComp.BG. Archived from the original on 22 July 2016.  ^ Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X60s Review, by Dan Sommer May 2, 2006 (2006-05-02). " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X60s Review". PC World. Retrieved 2012-04-22. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "The 100 Best Products of 2006". PC World. 2006-05-31. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ Bertolucci, Jeff (2005-12-01). "Reliability and Service: The Best Companies to Buy From". PC World. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ McLaughlin, Laurianne (2004-12-01). "Reliability and Service: Readers Rate the Manufacturers". PC World. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ Feature story - April 3, 2007 (2007-04-03). "Chinese company tops Greenpeace
Greenpeace
"Green Ranking" of electronics industry Greenpeace International". Greenpeace.org. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ How the companies line up Greenpeace
Greenpeace
International Archived January 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T60p - Reviews by PC Magazine". Pcmag.com. 2007-02-23. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ "Lightning-Fast Surfing, To Go - Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
X60 (Vista) - Reviews by PC Magazine". Pcmag.com. 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ World, The PC (2009-10-26). "The PC World 100: Best Products of 2009". Pcworld.com. Retrieved 2012-04-22.  ^ a b " IBM
IBM
ThinkPads in space". IBM. 1993-12-02. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved May 12, 2008.  ^ a b c " IBM
IBM
Archives: IBM
IBM
ThinkPads in space". 23 January 2003.  ^ a b c Bilton, Nick (January 22, 2010). "First Tweet From Space". Bits (blog of The New York Times). Retrieved January 22, 2010.  ^ 2001: A Space Laptop, By Keith Cowing, Posted:September 18, 2000, SpaceRef ^ " IBM
IBM
Archives: 1993". IBM. Retrieved May 12, 2008.  ^ " NASA
NASA
- STS-125 Flight Day 11 Gallery".  ^ "2011-06-07 Daily ISS Report". NASA.  ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
celebrates ThinkPad
ThinkPad
laptop 20th anniversary by producing special edition in Japan". The Japan
Japan
Daily Press.  ^ Constantin Murariu (5 July 2012). " Lenovo
Lenovo
Moves ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Production Back to Japan". Softpedia. Retrieved 12 July 2012.  ^ Sean Hollister (16 March 2012). " Lenovo
Lenovo
laptops will reject third-party batteries, starting with ThinkPad Edge
ThinkPad Edge
in May?". The Verge. Vox Media.  ^ By. "Unlocking Thinkpad Batteries".  ^ Iain Thomson (5 October 2017). " Lenovo
Lenovo
spits out retro ThinkPads for iconic laptop's 25th birthday". The Register.  ^ Dan Ackerman (5 September). "Hands-on with Lenovo's ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Yoga". CNET. Retrieved 4 October 2013.  Check date values in: date= (help) ^ James Stables. " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Twist review". TechRadar.  ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Twist review: an old form factor gets new life with Windows 8". Engadget. AOL.  ^ Matt Smith (7 January 2013). " Lenovo
Lenovo
announces ThinkPad Helix
ThinkPad Helix
and IdeaPad
IdeaPad
Yoga 11S convertibles". Digital Trends.  ^ Jason Evangelho. "Best Of CES: Is Lenovo's ThinkPad Helix
ThinkPad Helix
The Perfect Ultrabook/Tablet Hybrid?". Forbes.  ^ Joseph Volpe (29 July 2011). " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
gets an August 23rd release". Retrieved 11 November 2011.  ^ Paul Merak (20 July 2011). " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
overview". Retrieved 11 November 2011.  ^ Ross Catanzariti (21 July 2011). " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
preview: Lenovo
Lenovo
brings its corporate-looking design to the tablet market". Retrieved 11 November 2011.  ^ a b c d Agam Shah (20 July 2011). " Lenovo
Lenovo
Announces ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Tablet for Businesses". Retrieved 11 November 2011.  ^ Vincent Nguyen (19 July 2011). " Lenovo
Lenovo
IdeaPad
IdeaPad
K1 and ThinkPad Tablet hands-on". Retrieved 11 November 2011.  ^ a b c Editors (10 August 2012). " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2". Retrieved 121 August 2012.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ a b Andrew Cunningham (9 August 2012). " Lenovo
Lenovo
unveils new Atom-powered ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2 with Windows 8". Ars Technica.  ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
intros the ThinkPad
ThinkPad
8, an 8-inch Windows tablet for business users (hands-on)". engadget.com. 2014-01-05. Retrieved 2014-01-07.  ^ Dan Ackerman (31 October 2014). " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad 10 review - CNET". CNET. CBS Interactive.  ^ http://psref.lenovo.com/syspool/Sys/PDF/Think%20Tablets%20_%20Convertibles/ThinkPad%20X1%20Tablet/ThinkPad%20X1%20Tablet%20specs.pdf ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
reveals its first 2016 plans for ThinkPad
ThinkPad
at CES". 3 January 2016.  ^ Sanders, James (13 October 2015). " ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Stack Professional Kit delivers on interoperability and portability, disappoints on speed". Tech Republic. United States. Retrieved 7 November 2015.  ^ Gabe Carey (3 January 2016). "These are Lenovo's First 2016 ThinkPads - CES 2016 - Page 2 - Digital Trends". Digital Trends.  ^ Andrew E. Freedman. " Lenovo
Lenovo
Thinkpad Stack - Full Review and Benchmarks".  ^ "Lenovo™ Reveals New ThinkPad
ThinkPad
A series Powered by AMD PRO Lenovo Newsroom". news.lenovo.com. Retrieved 2017-10-28.  ^ "Confirmed: Lenovo's AMD ThinkPads A275 and A475 are based on the X270 and T470". Notebookcheck. Retrieved 2017-10-28.  ^ a b c Avram Piltch, LAPTOP Online Editorial Director. "Crazy Powerful: Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P First with Xeon CPU".  ^ User Guide ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T560 and P50s ^ Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P50s-20FKS00400 Notebook Review ^ ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51 User Guide ^ Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51 (Xeon, 4K) Workstation Review ^ ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P71 User Guide ^ Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P71 (Xeon, 4K) Workstation Review ^ ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T570 and P51s User Guide ^ Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
P51s (Core i7, 4K) Workstation Review ^ White Thinkpad X100e unboxed, January 6th, 2010, Cloned In China ^ Hobbes, John (January 3, 2011). " Lenovo
Lenovo
Announces Premium ThinkPad Edge E220s, E420s SMB Notebooks". Thinkpads.com web site. Retrieved June 3, 2011.  ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
Thinkpad Edge E545 Review". Gaming Laptop. Retrieved 2015-02-23.  ^ Stern, Joanna (September 28, 2010). " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad Edge
ThinkPad Edge
11 announced with Intel
Intel
and AMD options, denied US citizenship". Engadget.com web site. Retrieved June 3, 2011.  ^ Miller, Paul (2007-06-15). " ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Reserve Edition unveiled". Engadget.com. Retrieved 2014-05-07.  ^ Dillet, Romain (2007-09-05). " ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Reserve Edition". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2014-05-07.  ^ " ThinkPad
ThinkPad
series".  ^ "Pen Computing historic reviews: IBM
IBM
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
360PE (1995)".  ^ a b " IBM
IBM
Power Series Exotica".  ^ Cordes, Trevor E. (24 July 2008). " IBM
IBM
PowerPC
PowerPC
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
History". Retrieved 1 June 2014.  ^ http://ps-2.kev009.com/aixtp/Brochure/4249-860.pdf ^ " IBM
IBM
PowerPC
PowerPC
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Capabilities".  ^ " Windows NT
Windows NT
on PowerPC
PowerPC
ThinkPad". YouTube. 2010-01-08. Retrieved 2013-09-28.  ^ "Debian -- PowerPC
PowerPC
Port".  ^ Harald Thon (27 March 2006). "Is Lenovo's Widescreen Z60m the First Thinkpad Multimedia Powerhouse?". Tom's Guide.  ^ "TFT display".  ^ " Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Z60t Review (pics, specs)". NotebookReview.com.  ^ Hamm, Steve (2008-02-13). "Building the Perfect Laptop". Businessweek.com. Retrieved 2014-08-27.  ^ " ThinkPad
ThinkPad
SL Series". Inside the Box lenovo Blog. July 25, 2008. Archived from the original on June 2, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.  ^ " IBM
IBM
News room - 1999-06-08 New ThinkPad
ThinkPad
i Series Notebook PCs Double as Mobile Entertainment Centers - United States".  ^ "Category:I Series".  ^ ThinkPadStyle. " ThinkPad
ThinkPad
FC - News - Rumours - Leaks - Reviews". 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to ThinkPad.

thisisthinkpad.com, This Is ThinkPad
ThinkPad
(Lenovo's official ThinkPad website) ThinkPad
ThinkPad
models on ThinkWiki Lenovo
Lenovo
ThinkPad
ThinkPad
T430s manual Schofield, Jack (9 May 2014). "Which ThinkPad
ThinkPad
laptops have the best keyboards?". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 

v t e

Lenovo

Products

Desktops

Business

ThinkCentre A Series M Series Edge Series

Home/home office

IdeaCentre A Series B Series Q Series K Series Essential Desktops

Laptops

Business

ThinkPad T Series E Series X Series W Series L Series

Home/home office

IdeaPad S Series Z Series Y Series U Series Essential Laptops IdeaPad
IdeaPad
Yoga

Servers

ThinkServer

Tablets

ThinkPad
ThinkPad
Tablet ThinkPad Tablet
ThinkPad Tablet
2 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
8 ThinkPad
ThinkPad
10 IdeaPad WorkPad

Workstations

ThinkStation

Software

ThinkVantage

Other

LePhone LeTV Medion Motorola Mobility Skylight Smart Assistant ThinkLight UltraBay ZUK Mobile

Other

Liu Chuanzhi
Liu Chuanzhi
(founder) Legend Holdings Yang Yuanqing
Yang Yuanqing
(CEO, 2009–) William Amelio
William Amelio
(CEO, 2005–09)

.