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Baron
Baron
Theophil Edvard von Hansen (German: [ˈteːofiːl fɔn ˈhanzn̩]; original Danish name: Theophilus Hansen pronounced [teoˈfiːlus ˈhanˀsn̩]; 13 July 1813, in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
– 17 February 1891, in Vienna) was a Danish architect who later became an Austrian citizen. He became particularly well known for his buildings and structures in Athens
Athens
and Vienna, and is considered an outstanding representative of neoclassicism.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Work 3 Gallery 4 References 5 Notes 6 External links

Biography[edit] After training with Karl Friedrich Schinkel
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
and some years studying in Vienna, he moved to Athens
Athens
in 1837, where he studied architecture and design, with a concentration and interest in Byzantine architecture. During his stay in Athens, Hansen designed his first building, the National Observatory of Athens
Athens
and two of the three contiguous buildings forming the so-called "classical trilogy", namely the Academy of Athens
Athens
and the National Library of Greece, the third building of the trilogy being the National and Capodistrian University of Athens, which was designed by his brother Christian Hansen. The Greek-Austrian Georgios Sinas (who donated the observatory) called Hansen 1846 to Vienna, where Hansen took up an apprenticeship with noted Austrian architect Ludwig Förster. In his early works, such as the museum at The Arsenal in Vienna, Hansen was still rather aligned to a more romantic style. In later years, he became the most outstanding representative of Renaissance-inspired historicism (Neo-Renaissance), which also came to be known as Viennese-style. This style extended into the smallest details of the interior design and partially accepted the courses of a synthesis of the arts. Along with Förster and many others, Hansen was one of the most important and influential architects of the Viennese Ringstraße. His most famous work is the Austrian Parliament building, which was created in the style of an ancient, neo-classic temple, and serves to refer to the Greek beginnings of democracy. Hansen was originally a staunch critic of the Classical style that was taught to him at the Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Academy. Over the years, however, he came to incorporate Classical elements into his forms. Bauleiter on this project was Hans Auer, who would go on to win the competition for the Swiss Bundeshaus. Hansen's famed Musikverein
Musikverein
in Vienna
Vienna
is one of the most notable concert halls in the world; a concert hall whose design and acoustics are often admired and copied in present-day music houses. Hansen worked together with Viktor Pilz and Carl Rahl, as well as with Otto Wagner. In 1884 Emperor Franz Joseph honoured Hansen with a barony in the Austrian nobility and he was since styled " Freiherr
Freiherr
von Hansen".

The modern Academy of Athens, next to the University of Athens
Athens
and the National Library (not shown) forming 'the Trilogy'. The Academy and the University buildings were designed by Schinkel's Danish pupil Theophil Hansen, 1885, in Greek Ionic, academically correct even to the polychrome sculpture. The statues and columns were worked by Leonidas Drosis.

Work[edit]

National Observatory of Athens, 1842 Academy of Sciences, Athens, starting from 1856 Museum of Military History in the Arsenal, Vienna, 1856 Old Municipal Hospital in Patras, Greece, 1857 Cemetery chapel Christuskirche at the Matzleinsdorf Protestant Cemetery, Vienna, 1858 Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, Vienna, 1858–1861 Palais Todesco, Ringstrasse, Vienna, 1861-1864 Palace of Archduke Wilhelm, Vienna, 1864–1868 Musikverein, Vienna, 1867–1870 Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, 1871–1876 Philharmonic Concert Hall, Brno, 1871–1873 Vienna
Vienna
Stock Exchange, 1874–1877 Austrian Parliament Building, Vienna, 1874–1883 Zappeion, Athens, 1874-1888 New Lutheran church, Kežmarok, 1879-1892 Castle Nadelburg, Lichtenwörth, Lower Austria 1880-1882 National Library of Greece, Athens, starting from 1888

Gallery[edit]

The Athens
Athens
Observatorium

"Academy of Athens", part of the 'Trilogy' of Hansen in downtown Athens

Musikverein
Musikverein
building in Vienna

Goldener Saal in the Musikvereinsgebäude in Vienna

The Zappeion
Zappeion
Megaron in Athens

Castle Nadelburg in Lichtenwörth, Lower Austria

Reichsrat in Vienna, today the Austrian Parliament Building

Palais Hansen in Vienna

National Library of Greece

New Lutheran church in Kežmarok

References[edit]

George Niemann
George Niemann
(Hrsg.), Ferdinand von Feldegg: Theophilus Hansen und seine Werke. A. Schroll & Co., Wien 1893. Renate Wagner-Rieger und Mara Reissberger: Theophil von Hansen. (= Die Wiener Ringstraße
Ringstraße
VIII; Band 4). Steiner, Wiesbaden 1980 ISBN 3-515-02676-2. Manfred Leithe-Jasper: Hansen, Theophilos Edvard Freiherr
Freiherr
von. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie
Neue Deutsche Biographie
(NDB). Band 7, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966, ISBN 3-428-00188-5, S. 634 f. Julius Leisching: Hansen, Theophilos Edvard Freiherr
Freiherr
von. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
(ADB). Band 49, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1904, S. 762–766. Hansen Theophil Edvard Frh. von. In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Band 2, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 1959, S. 181 f. Alice Strobl: Das k. k. Waffenmuseum im Arsenal. Der Bau und seine künstlerische Ausschmückung, in: Schriften des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums in Wien, herausgegeben von der Direktion. Graz / Köln, 1961 Robert Bachtrögl: Die Nadelburg - Geschichte ab 1747. 2010 (Theophil Hansen ab S.77) Adolf Stiller (Hrsg).: Theophil Hansen
Theophil Hansen
- Klassische Eleganz im Alltag. Müry Salzmann, Salzburg / Wien 2013, ISBN 978-3-990140-76-5. Andreas Pittler, Hermann Schnell: Der Baumeister des Parliaments - Theophil Hansen
Theophil Hansen
(1813-1891). Edition Winkler-Hermaden, Wien 2013, ISBN 978-3950361100

Notes[edit] Regarding personal names: Freiherr
Freiherr
is a former title (translated as Baron). In Germany since 1919, it forms part of family names. The feminine forms are Freifrau and Freiin. External links[edit]

Media related to Theophil Hansen
Theophil Hansen
at Wikimedia Commons

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 60518382 LCCN: n85154839 ISNI: 0000 0000 6678 0557 GND: 118545760 SUDOC: 161028713 BNF: cb11955777m (data) BIBSYS: 6012013 ULAN: 500008153 NKC: jn2000072009

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