Theodore Meliteniotes (Greek: Θεόδωρος
Μελιτηνιώτης; Constantinople, c. 1320 - 8 March 1393) was
a Byzantine Greek astronomer, a sakellarios (treasurer) in the
Byzantine bureaucracy, a supporter of
Gregory Palamas and an opponent
of the reunion with the Catholic Church. He became didaskalos ton
didaskalon, i.e. the director of the Patriarchal School in 1360.
3 External links
Theodore wrote an exegesis on the
Gospels and a poem on Sôphrosynè
(Temperance) which may be attributed to him.
Theodore's main work is his Astronomical Tribiblos, in three books,
whose autograph manuscript is preserved (Vaticanus gr. 792), was
composed before 1352. The work deals with an assortment of
mathematical and astronomical issues and draws from some earlier Greek
George Pachymeres and Theodore Metochites. The second
book is devoted to Ptolemy, whose calculations he explained in the
manner of Theon of Alexandria. Finally, in book 3 he devotes himself
to Persian astronomy, drawing especially from George Chrysokokkes,
whose work he corrected in many places. In all of them, he explicitly
condemns Astrology, dissociating his Astronomy from the Persian
tradition represented by Chrysokokkes.
The pedagogical character of the Tribiblos is obvious and it may have
been used to give senior astronomy training to the Byzantine clergy.
"Meliteniotes, Theodore." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography.
2008. Encyclopedia.com. 11 September 2011.
Evangelos Venetis, "Theodore Meliteniotes", Encyclopaedia of the
Hellenic World, Asia Minor
ISNI: 0000 0001 2124 5283
BNF: cb12153709d (data)