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Theodore Frelinghuysen
Theodore Frelinghuysen
(March 28, 1787 – April 12, 1862) was an American politician who represented New Jersey
New Jersey
in the United States Senate. He was the Whig vice presidential nominee in the election of 1844, running on a ticket with Henry Clay. Born in Somerset County, New Jersey, Frelinghuysen established a legal practice in Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey
after graduating from the College of New Jersey. He was the son of Senator Frederick Frelinghuysen and the adoptive father of Secretary of State Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen. He served as the New Jersey
New Jersey
Attorney General from 1817 to 1829 and as a United States
United States
Senator from 1829 to 1835. In the Senate, Frelinghuysen strongly opposed President Andrew Jackson's policy of Indian removal. After leaving the Senate, he served as the Mayor
Mayor
of Newark from 1837 to 1838. Frelinghuysen was selected as Clay's running mate at the 1844 Whig National Convention. In the 1844 election, the Whig ticket was narrowly defeated by the Democratic ticket of James K. Polk
James K. Polk
and George M. Dallas. Frelinghuysen served as President of New York University from 1839 to 1850, and as president of Rutgers College from 1850 to 1862. Upon its incorporation in 1848, Frelinghuysen Township, New Jersey was named after him.[1]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life 1.2 Political career 1.3 Academic
Academic
career 1.4 Death

2 Notes 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Early life[edit] He was born in 1787 in Franklin Township, Somerset County, New Jersey, to Frederick Frelinghuysen and Gertrude Schenck.[2] His siblings include: Catharine Frelinghuysen; John Frelinghuysen (1776–1833) the General who married Louisa Mercer and after her death married Elizabeth Mercereau Van Vechten; Maria Frelinghuysen (1778-?); and Frederick Frelinghuysen (1788-1820) the lawyer who married Jane Dumont. His great-grandfather, Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen, was a minister and theologian of the Dutch Reformed Church, influential in the founding of Queen's College, now Rutgers University, and one of four key leaders of the First Great Awakening
First Great Awakening
in Colonial America. Theodore was the uncle of Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
and great-great-grandfather of Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.. Rodney Frelinghuysen, who represents New Jersey's 11th congressional district, is a descendant.

Theodore Frelinghuysen
Theodore Frelinghuysen
campaign poster

Frelinghuysen married Charlotte Mercer in 1809, while she died in the same year. They had no children together, but when Theodore's brother, Frederick Frelinghuysen (1788-1820) died, Theodore adopted his son, Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen
Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen
(1817–1885), who would later become Secretary of State. Theodore Frelinghuysen
Theodore Frelinghuysen
remarried in 1857 to Harriet Pumpelly. He graduated from the College of New Jersey
New Jersey
(now Princeton University) in 1804 and studied law under his brother John Frelinghuysen, and later, Richard Stockton. He was admitted to the bar as an attorney in 1808 and as a counselor in 1811, and set up a law practice in Newark during this time period. In the War of 1812, he was a captain of a company of volunteers.[3] Political career[edit] He became Attorney General of New Jersey
New Jersey
in 1817, turned down an appointment to the New Jersey
New Jersey
Supreme Court and became a United States Senator in 1829, serving in that capacity until 1835. As a Senator, he led the opposition to the Andrew Jackson's Indian Removal Act of 1830.[4] His six-hour speech against the Removal Act was delivered over the course of three days, and warned of the supposed dire consequences of the policy:

Let us beware how, by oppressive encroachments upon the sacred privileges of our Indian neighbors, we minister to the agonies of future remorse.

Frelinghuysen was chided for mixing his evangelical Christianity with politics, and the Removal Act was passed.1 He was Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
from 1837 until 1838. At the 1844 Whig National Convention, competing with Millard Fillmore, John Davis and John Sergeant, he was selected as the Whig vice-presidential candidate. He took the lead on the first ballot and never lost it, eventually being chosen by acclamation. The Whig presidential candidate, Henry Clay, was not present at the convention and expressed surprise upon hearing the news. Frelinghuysen's rectitude might have been intended to correct for Clay's reputation for moral laxity, but his opposition to Indian removal
Indian removal
may have put off those southern voters who had suffered from their raids (William Lloyd Garrison praised his speech opposing removal in the rather windily-named poem "To the Honorable Theodore Freylinghusen, on reading his eloquent speech in defence of Indian Rights"[5]). Frelinghuysen was also unpopular with Catholics as groups of which he was a member, such as the Protestant American Bible Society promulgated the idea that Catholics should convert to Protestantism. The two went down to defeat in the 1844 election. Academic
Academic
career[edit] He was the second President of New York University
New York University
between 1839 and 1850 and seventh President of Rutgers College between 1850 and 1862. He was President of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (1841 – c. 1857), President of the American Bible Society (1846–1862), President of the American Tract Society (1842–1846), Vice President of the American Sunday School Union (1826–1861), and Vice President of the American Colonization Society. He believed in temperance and actively opposed slavery. His moniker was the "Christian Statesman." Death[edit] He died in New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Jersey
on April 12, 1862 and he was buried there at the First Reformed Church Cemetery.[6] Notes[edit]

^1 Anthony F.C. Wallace, The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
and the Indians (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993), pp. 68–9, and Francis Paul Prucha, The Great Father: The United States
United States
Government and the American Indians, Volume I (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984), pp. 204–5.

References[edit]

^ Brief History of Frelinghuysen Township[permanent dead link], Frelinghuysen Township, New Jersey. Accessed August 15, 2007. ^ Atkinson, Joseph. The History of Newark, New Jersey: Being a Narrative of Its Rise and Progress, from the Settlement in May, 1666, by Emigrants from Connecticut to the Present Time, Including a Sketch of the Press of Newark, from 1791 to 1878, W.B. Guild, 1878. Accessed February 2, 2015. "THEODORE FRELINGHUYSEN, though not 'native here and to the manner born,' was to the extent of the best and busiest years of his life, essentially a Newarker. He was born in Franklin Township, Somerset County, N.J., March 28th, 1787, of an ancestry distinguished for its piety and learning." ^ Appletons' annual cyclopaedia and register of important events of the year: 1862. New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1863. p. 481.  ^ Jon Meacham. American Lion. p. 142.  ^ "The American Commonplace Book of Poetry" (1832), Rev. George B. Cheever, ed., pg. 201 ^ "Death of Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen". New York Times. April 13, 1862. Retrieved 2007-07-21. Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen
Theodore Frelinghuysen
died at 2 o'clock to-day, at his residence, in New-Brunswick, New-Jersey. 

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Media related to Theodore Frelinghuysen
Theodore Frelinghuysen
at Wikimedia Commons

United States
United States
Congress. " Theodore Frelinghuysen
Theodore Frelinghuysen
(id: F000373)". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress.  Theodore Frelinghuysen
Theodore Frelinghuysen
at Find a Grave Leadership on the Banks: Rutgers' Presidents, 1766–2004

Legal offices

Preceded by Aaron Woodruff Attorney General of New Jersey 1817–1829 Succeeded by Samuel L. Southard

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Mahlon Dickerson U.S. Senator (Class 2) from New Jersey March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1835 Served alongside: Mahlon Dickerson
Mahlon Dickerson
and Samuel L. Southard Succeeded by Garret D. Wall

Political offices

Preceded by William Halsey Mayor
Mayor
of Newark, New Jersey 1837–1838 Succeeded by James Miller

Party political offices

Preceded by John Tyler Whig nominee for Vice President of the United States 1844 Succeeded by Millard Fillmore

Academic
Academic
offices

Preceded by James M. Mathews President of New York University 1839–1850 Succeeded by Isaac Ferris

Preceded by Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck President of Rutgers University 1850–1862 Succeeded by William Henry Campbell

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United States
United States
Whig Party Vice Presidential Nominees

1836 Francis Granger
Francis Granger
/ John Tyler 1840 John Tyler 1844 Theodore Frelinghuysen 1848 Millard Fillmore 1852 William Alexander Graham 1856 Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
Donelson 1860 Edward Everett

v t e

Mayors of Newark

Halsey Frelinghuysen Miller Halstead Wright Dod Baldwin Vanderpool Miller Quinby Poinier Bigelow Runyon Peddie Ricord Perry Yates Fiedler Lang Haynes Lebkuecher Seymour Doremus Haussling Raymond Gillen Archibald Breidenbach Raymond Congleton Ellenstein Murphy Villani Carlin Addonizio Gibson James Booker Quintana Baraka

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from New Jersey

Class 1

Elmer Rutherfurd Davenport Schureman Ogden Condit Lambert Wilson Southard McIlvaine Bateman Dickerson Southard W. Dayton R. F. Stockton Thomson Field J. Wall Wright F. T. Frelinghuysen J. Stockton Randolph Sewell Blodgett J. Smith J. Kean Martine J. Frelinghuysen Edwards H. Kean Moore Milton Barbour Walsh A. Smith Williams Brady Lautenberg Corzine Menendez

Class 2

Paterson Dickinson F. Frelinghuysen R. Stockton J. Dayton Kitchell Condit Dickerson T. Frelinghuysen G. Wall Miller Wright Ten Eyck J. Stockton Cattell F. T. Frelinghuysen McPherson Sewell Dryden Briggs Hughes Baird Edge Baird Jr. Morrow Barbour Smathers Hawkes Hendrickson Case Bradley Torricelli Lautenberg Chiesa Booker

v t e

Presidents of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Queen's College (1766–1825)

Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh
Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh
(1785–1790) William Linn
William Linn
(1791–1795) Ira Condict
Ira Condict
(1795–1810) John Henry Livingston
John Henry Livingston
(1810–1825)

Rutgers College (1825–1924)

Philip Milledoler
Philip Milledoler
(1825–1840) Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck
Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck
(1840–1850) Theodore Frelinghuysen
Theodore Frelinghuysen
(1850–1862) William Henry Campbell (1862–1882) Merrill Edward Gates
Merrill Edward Gates
(1882–1890) Austin Scott (1891–1906) William Henry Steele Demarest
William Henry Steele Demarest
(1906–1924)

Rutgers University (1924–1956)

John Martin Thomas
John Martin Thomas
(1925–1930) Philip Milledoler
Philip Milledoler
Brett (1930–1931) Robert Clarkson Clothier (1932–1951)

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey (1956–present)

Lewis Webster Jones (1951–1958) Mason Welch Gross (1959–1971) Edward J. Bloustein (1971–1990) Francis Leo Lawrence
Francis Leo Lawrence
(1990–2002) Richard Levis McCormick
Richard Levis McCormick
(2002–2012) Robert L. Barchi
Robert L. Barchi
(2012– )

v t e

Chancellors and Presidents of New York University

Chancellors

Mathews (1831–1839) Frelinghuysen (1839–1850) Ferris (1853–1870) Crosby (1870–1881) Hall (1881–1891) MacCracken (1891–1911) Brown (1911–1933) Chase (1933–1951) Madden (acting, 1951–1952)

Presidents

Heald (1952–1956) Newsom (1956–1962) Hester (1962–1975) Sawhill (1975–1980) Bennett (acting, 1979–1981) Brademas (1981–1991) Oliva (1991–2002) Sexton (2002–2015) Hamilton (2016– )

*From 1850–1851 the faculty and Council jointly administered the University

v t e

(1840 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1844 (1848 →)

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

James K. Polk

VP nominee

George M. Dallas

Candidates

Martin Van Buren James Buchanan Lewis Cass Richard M. Johnson

Whig Party Convention

Nominee

Henry Clay

VP nominee

Theodore Frelinghuysen

Other 1844 elections: House Senate

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 10645372 LCCN: n85367540 GND: 118953443 US Congress: F000373 SN

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