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THEODOR FRIEDRICH WILHELM POESCHE (23 March 1825 – 27 December 1899) was a German American anthropologist and author, specializing in historical anthropology.

Born in 1825 in Zoeschen (now part of Leuna ) in the Province of Saxony of the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
, Poesche became a student of philosophy at the University of Halle
University of Halle
and later a revolutionary. Following the disappointments of 1848, in 1850, he emigrated to the United States. In 1853, he published with Charles Goepp The New Rome, or The United States of the World, a book in which they compare the United States to the Roman Empire.

In 1878, he published The Aryans: A contribution to historical anthropology. Based on the physical characteristics attributed to Indo-Europeans (fair hair, blue or light eyes, tallness, slim hips, fine lips, a prominent chin) by the philologist Ludwig Geiger , Poesche placed the origin of the Aryans in the vast Rokitno Marshes , then in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
, now covering much of the southern part of Belarus
Belarus
and the north-west of the Ukraine
Ukraine
, where albinism was common. Similarly, he argued that the Lithuanian language
Lithuanian language
is as near to the parent language of Indo-European as Sanskrit
Sanskrit
. Adding linguistic and archaeological arguments, Karl Penka later expanded the area of origin to include northern Germany and Scandinavia.

Poesche died in Washington on 27 December 1899.

WORKS

* The New Rome, or The United States of the World (with Charles Goepp), New York, 1853 * Die Arier, ein Beitrag zur historischen Anthropologie, Jena, 1878

REFERENCES

* Anton Bettelheim, Biographisches Jahrbuch und deutscher Nekrolog (G. Reimer, 1900, p. 206) *Frank Spencer, History of Physical Anthropology, 1997, p. 110 (ISBN 0815304900 ) * Bruce Lincoln, Theorizing Myth: Narrative, Ideology, and Scholarship, University of Chicago Press, 1999, p. 253, note 18 (ISBN 0226482014 ) * Edwin Bryant, The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate, Oxford University Press, 2001, p. 32 (ISBN 0195137779 )

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 25348898 * LCCN : nr00000285 * GND : 116249617

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