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The Thebaid
Thebaid
or Thebais (Greek: Θηβαΐς, Thēbaïs) was a region of ancient Egypt, which comprised the thirteen southernmost nomes of Upper Egypt, from Abydos to Aswan.

Contents

1 Pharaonic history 2 Roman province(s) 3 Episcopal sees 4 See also 5 References 6 Sources and external links

Pharaonic history[edit]

Pyramidion of Nebamun. Possibly top of a stela. Limestone. 19th Dynasty. From Egypt. Bought in the Thebaid
Thebaid
(Thebais) but probably it came from Deir el-Medina. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London

The Thebaid
Thebaid
acquired its name from its proximity to the ancient Egyptian capital of Thebes (Luxor). During the Ancient Egyptian dynasties this region was dominated by Thebes and its priesthood at the temple of Amun at Karnak. In Ptolemaic Egypt, the Thebaid
Thebaid
formed a single administrative district under the Epistrategos
Epistrategos
of Thebes, who was also responsible for overseeing navigation in the Red Sea
Red Sea
and the Indian Ocean. The capital of Ptolemaic Thebaid
Thebaid
was Ptolemais Hermiou, a Hellenistic colony on the Nile which served as the center of royal political and economic control in Upper Egypt. Roman province(s)[edit] During the Roman Empire, Diocletian
Diocletian
created the province of Thebais, guarded by the legions I Maximiana Thebanorum and II Flavia Constantia. This was later divided into Upper (Latin: Thebais Superior, Greek: Ἄνω Θηβαΐς, Anō Thēbaïs), comprising the southern half with its capital at Thebes, and Lower or Nearer (Latin: Thebais Inferior, Greek: Θηβαΐς Ἐγγίστη, Thēbaïs Engistē), comprising the northern half with capital at Ptolemais. Around the 5th century, since it was a desert, the Thebaid
Thebaid
became a place of retreat of a number of Christian
Christian
hermits, and was the birthplace of Pachomius.[1] In Christian
Christian
art, the Thebaid
Thebaid
was represented as a place with numerous monks. Episcopal sees[edit] Ancient episcopal sees of Thebais Prima ( Thebaid
Thebaid
I) listed in the Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
as Catholic titular sees : [2]

Antaeopolis
Antaeopolis
(Tjebu) Antinoë, the Metropolitan Archbishopric Apollonopolis Parva (Côm-Esfaht) Cusae Hermopolis
Hermopolis
Magna = Maior Hypselis
Hypselis
(Chutb = Shutb) Oasis Magna
Oasis Magna
(Kharga Oasis) Panopolis

Ancient episcopal sees of Thebais Secunda ( Thebaid
Thebaid
II) listed in the Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
as Catholic titular sees : [2]

Apollonopolis Magna
Apollonopolis Magna
(Edfu) Coptus (Qift, Quft, Qeft) Diocletianopolis in Thebaide (Qus) Diospolis Superior (Hu) Hermonthis Latopolis
Latopolis
(Esna) Maximianopolis in Thebaide (Qena) Philae Pselchis Ptolemais in Thebaide
Ptolemais in Thebaide
(Ptolemais Hermiou), the Metropolitan Archbishopric Syene
Syene
(Aswan) Tentyris
Tentyris
(Dendera) Thinis

See also[edit]

List of Catholic dioceses in Egypt

References[edit]

^ "Thebaid". Catholic Encyclopedia.  ^ a b Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne. 

Sources and external links[edit]

Bagnall, R., J. Drinkwater, A. Esmonde-Cleary, W. Harris, R. Knapp, S. Mitchell, S. Parker, C. Wells, J. Wilkes, R. Talbert, M. E. Downs, M. Joann McDaniel, B. Z. Lund, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 991398 (Thebais)". Pleiades. Retrieved March 8, 2012. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) GCatholic - (Current, Titular and) Defunct sees in Egypt

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Late Roman provinces (4th–7th centuries AD)

History

As found in the Notitia Dignitatum. Provincial administration reformed and dioceses established by Diocletian, c. 293. Permanent praetorian prefectures established after the death of Constantine I. Empire permanently partitioned after 395. Exarchates of Ravenna and Africa established after 584. After massive territorial losses in the 7th century, the remaining provinces were superseded by the theme system in c. 640–660, although in Asia Minor and parts of Greece they survived under the themes until the early 9th century.

Western Empire (395–476)

Praetorian Prefecture of Gaul

Diocese of Gaul

Alpes Poeninae et Graiae Belgica I Belgica II Germania I Germania II Lugdunensis I Lugdunensis II Lugdunensis III Lugdunensis IV Maxima Sequanorum

Diocese of Vienne1

Alpes Maritimae Aquitanica I Aquitanica II Narbonensis I Narbonensis II Novempopulania Viennensis

Diocese of Spain

Baetica Balearica Carthaginensis Gallaecia Lusitania Mauretania Tingitana Tarraconensis

Diocese of the Britains

Britannia I Britannia II Flavia Caesariensis Maxima Caesariensis Valentia (?)

Praetorian Prefecture of Italy

Diocese of Suburbicarian Italy

Apulia et Calabria Campania Corsica Lucania et Bruttii Picenum
Picenum
Suburbicarium Samnium Sardinia Sicilia Tuscia et Umbria Valeria

Diocese of Annonarian Italy

Alpes Cottiae Flaminia et Picenum
Picenum
Annonarium Liguria et Aemilia Raetia I Raetia II Venetia et Istria

Diocese of Africa2

Africa proconsularis (Zeugitana) Byzacena Mauretania Caesariensis Mauretania Sitifensis Numidia Cirtensis Numidia Militiana Tripolitania

Diocese of Pannonia3

Dalmatia Noricum mediterraneum Noricum ripense Pannonia I Pannonia II Savia Valeria ripensis

Eastern Empire (395–c. 640)

Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum

Diocese of Dacia

Dacia Mediterranea Dacia Ripensis Dardania Moesia I Praevalitana

Diocese of Macedonia

Achaea Creta Epirus Nova Epirus Vetus Macedonia Prima Macedonia II Salutaris Thessalia

Praetorian Prefecture of the East

Diocese of Thrace5

Europa Haemimontus Moesia II4 Rhodope Scythia4 Thracia

Diocese of Asia5

Asia Caria4 Hellespontus Insulae4 Lycaonia
Lycaonia
(370) Lycia Lydia Pamphylia Pisidia Phrygia Pacatiana Phrygia Salutaris

Diocese of Pontus5

Armenia I5 Armenia II5 Armenia Maior5 Armenian Satrapies5 Armenia III
Armenia III
(536) Armenia IV
Armenia IV
(536) Bithynia Cappadocia I5 Cappadocia II5 Galatia I5 Galatia II Salutaris5 Helenopontus5 Honorias5 Paphlagonia5 Pontus Polemoniacus5

Diocese of the East5

Arabia Cilicia I Cilicia II Cyprus4 Euphratensis Isauria Mesopotamia Osroene Palaestina I Palaestina II Palaestina III Salutaris Phoenice I Phoenice II Libanensis Syria I Syria II Salutaris Theodorias (528)

Diocese of Egypt5

Aegyptus I Aegyptus II Arcadia Augustamnica I Augustamnica II Libya Superior Libya Inferior Thebais Superior Thebais Inferior

Other territories

Taurica Quaestura exercitus (536) Spania
Spania
(552)

1 Later the Septem Provinciae 2 Re-established after reconquest by the Eastern Empire in 534 as the separate Prefecture of Africa 3 Later the Diocese of Illyricum 4 Placed under the Quaestura exercitus in 536 5 Affected (i.e. boundaries modified, abolished or renamed) by Justinian I's administrative reorganization in 534–536

andCategory:640s disestablishments in the Byzantine Empire

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